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Encyclopedia > Amherst, Nova Scotia
Part of a series about
Communities in Nova Scotia
Municipalities, towns and villages of Nova Scotia
Town of Amherst, Nova Scotia
Motto: Faith in our people, pride in our products
Location of Town of Amherst, Nova Scotia in Nova Scotia.
Location of Town of Amherst, Nova Scotia in Nova Scotia.
Community statistics
Area 16.86 km²
Population 9470a
Population density 561.6/sq kma
Earnings $38,831b
Latitude 45° 49' N
Longitude 64° 13' W
Elevation 22.11 m
Government
Warden/Mayor Jerry Hallee
Governing body Amherst Town Council
Other information
Website http://www.town.amherst.ns.ca/
Time zone AST
Postal code B4H
Footnotes

a According to StatCan Census Year 2001
b Median household income, 2000 ($) (all households)
Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages English, French (Canadian Gaelic) [] Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nova_Scotia. ... Image File history File links Amherst. ... Image File history File links Map_of_Nova_Scotia_Highligh. ... Image File history File links Map_of_Nova_Scotia_Highligh. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages English, French (Canadian Gaelic) [] Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...

The Nova Scotia Visitor Information Centre, located in Fort Lawrence, 3 kilometres west of Amherst.
The Nova Scotia Visitor Information Centre, located in Fort Lawrence, 3 kilometres west of Amherst.

Amherst (2001 pop.: 9,470) is a Canadian town in northwestern Cumberland County, Nova Scotia. Image File history File links Nova_Scotia_Welcome_Center_at_Dusk. ... Image File history File links Nova_Scotia_Welcome_Center_at_Dusk. ... Fort Lawrence is a Canadian rural community located on the Isthmus of Chignecto in Cumberland County, Nova Scotia. ... Cumberland County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages English, French (Canadian Gaelic) [] Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked...


Located at the northeast end of the Cumberland Basin, an arm of the Bay of Fundy, Amherst is strategically situated 3 kilometres east of the interprovincial border with New Brunswick and 65 kilometres east of the city of Moncton. It is also located 60 kilometres southwest of the New Brunswick abutment of the Confederation Bridge to Prince Edward Island. Cumberland Basin is an inlet and northeasternmost part of the Bay of Fundy, located on the border between the Canadian provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. ... The Bay of Fundy (French: ) is a bay located on the Atlantic coast of North America, on the northeast end of the Gulf of Maine between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, with a small portion touching the U.S. state of Maine. ... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored) Official languages English, French (the only officially bilingual province in the country) Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Shawn Graham (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 10 10 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked 11th 72... Moncton (46°6′ N 64°46′ W) is the second largest city in the Canadian province of New Brunswick and is at the heart of the fastest growing urban area in the province. ... The Confederation Bridge (, ; French: Pont de la Confédération) is a bridge spanning the Abegweit Passage of Northumberland Strait, linking Prince Edward Island with mainland New Brunswick, Canada. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Amherst is the shire town and largest population centre in Cumberland County. According to Dr. Graham P. Hennessey, "The Micmac name was Nemcheboogwek meaning "going up rising ground". The Acadians who settled here as early as 1672 called the village Les Planches. It was named Amherst by Colonel Joseph Morse, the first settler, in honour of Lord Jeffrey Amherst, "Commander of the British forces in America." A shire town is another term for county seat or county town, meaning the place a countys government is based. ... The Mikmaq (also Míkmaq, Micmac; in Quebec, Migmaq) are a First Nations people indigenous to northeastern New England, Canadas Maritimes and the Gaspe Peninsula of Quebec. ... The Acadians (French: Acadiens) are the descendants of the 17th-century French colonists who settled in Acadia (located on the northern portion of North Americas east coast). ... Jeffrey Amherst by Joshua Reynolds Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst (sometimes spelled Geoffrey, he himself spelled his name as Jeffery) (January 29, 1717 - August 3, 1797) served as an officer in the British army Born in Sevenoaks, England, he became a soldier aged about 14. ...

First Baptist Church is one of many outstanding stone structures on Amherst's main street.
First Baptist Church is one of many outstanding stone structures on Amherst's main street.

The town was first settled in 1764 by immigrants from Yorkshire following the expulsion of the Acadians, with the original settlement being located three kilometres southwest of on the Bay of Fundy. These settlers were joined by British Loyalists during the American Revolution. A mill was built on the current townsite, and the residents moved to be closer to work. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (520x730, 630 KB)First Baptist Church on Main Street, Amherst, Nova Scotia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (520x730, 630 KB)First Baptist Church on Main Street, Amherst, Nova Scotia. ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Look up Yorkshire in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Great Upheaval (le Grand Dérangement), also known as the Great Expulsion or the Acadian Expulsion, is the eviction of the Acadian population from Nova Scotia between 1755 and 1763, ordered by governor Charles Lawrence and the Nova Scotia Council. ... The Bay of Fundy (French: ) is a bay located on the Atlantic coast of North America, on the northeast end of the Gulf of Maine between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, with a small portion touching the U.S. state of Maine. ... For the township in Canada, see Loyalist, Ontario In general, a loyalist is an individual who is loyal to the powers that be. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen Colonies that...


During the 19th century, Amherst became an important regional centre for shipbuilding and other services to outlying communities. An indication of the town's importance in Canadian history is seen with its four Fathers of Confederation: Edward B. Chandler, Robert B. Dickey, Jonathan McCully, and Sir Charles Tupper. Canadian Confederation, or the Confederation of Canada, was the process that ultimately brought together a union among the provinces, colonies and territories of British North America to form a Dominion of the British Empire, which today is a federal nation state simply known as Canada. ... Robert B. Dickey Robert Barry Dickey (November 10, 1811 – July 14, 1903) was a participant in conferences leading to the Canadian Confederation of 1867 and is therefore considered to be one of the Fathers of Confederation. ... Jonathan McCully The Honourable Jonathan McCully was born July 25, 1809 at his familys farm in Cumberland County, Nova Scotia. ... Not to be confused with Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper who was Sir Charles Tuppers son Sir Charles Tupper, P.C., G.C.M.G., K.C.M.G., C.B., D.C.L., LL.D., M.D. (July 2, 1821 - October 30, 1915) was the sixth Prime Minister of...


During the late 1800s, local industrialists and entrepreneurs constructed many fine Victorian and Edwardian homes along Victoria Street East, leading toward the farming hamlet of East Amherst. Many notable residents have lived in this district, including Tupper, Senator Thomas R. Black, the Barker Family, the Lamy Family, the Pugsley Family and Molly Simmons Critchely. Beginning of the Napoleonic Wars (1805 - 1815). ... East Amherst is a Canadian rural community located in northwestern Cumberland County, Nova Scotia near the border with New Brunswick. ... The Hon. ...


Amherst experienced unprecedented industrialization in the late 1870s after the Intercolonial Railway of Canada constructed its mainline from Halifax to Quebec through the town in 1872. This economic boom lasted through World War I and numerous foundries, factories and mills soon opened, giving rise to the nickname "Busy Amherst". // The invention of the telephone (1876) by Alexander Graham Bell. ... The Intercolonial Railway of Canada (IRC or ICR), also referred to as the Intercolonial Railway, was a historic Canadian railway. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert Henry Asquith Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow...


Amherst's prosperity would not last as the failed economic policies of the federal and provincial governments, coupled with World War I, saw the town's industrial economy begin a slow decline during the 1910s, punctuated by the Amherst General Strike in 1919 where worker unrest over social and economic conditions led to mass protests in sympathy with the Winnipeg General Strike. // Caitlin wants nathans penis mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Crowd gathered outside old City Hall during the Winnipeg General Strike, June 21, 1919 The Winnipeg General Strike was Canadas most influential labour protest. ...


The eventual closure of companies such as Robb Engineering & Manufacturing (purchased by Canada Car and Foundry and then closed) and Amherst Pianos, among others led to a resignment of lost dreams as the town was overtaken by other newer manufacturing centres in central Canada during the 20th century. Amherst had a modest-sized industrial park constructed during the 1960s when the Trans-Canada Highway was being developed. Today the majority of the town's major employers are located there, including Polycello and IMP Aerospace. Canada Car and Foundry (CC&F) also variously known as Canadian Car and Foundry, or more familiarly as Can Car, manufactured buses, railroad rolling stock and later aircraft for the Canadian market. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... The 1960s Ashley Rocks! decadeHI refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Trans Canada Highway over Canada Map The Trans-Canada Highway is a federal-provincial highway system that joins all ten provinces of Canada. ... The IMP Group International is a diversified company based in Halifax, Nova Scotia founded in 1967 by industrialist Kenneth Rowe. ...


Amherst hosted a prisoner of war detention centre during World War I, and Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky was incarcerated there for several months after he was arrested in Halifax, Nova Scotia in April 1917. Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... Note: This page is very long. ... Halifax skyline at night Halifax neighbourhoods and boundaries of former city in relation to Halifax Regional Municipality Halifax, founded in 1749, is a community and former city in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages English, French (Canadian Gaelic) [] Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked... Year 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ...


During World War II the Royal Canadian Navy named a Flower class corvette HMCS Amherst. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) was the navy of Canada from 1911 until 1968 when the three branches of the Canadian military were merged into the Canadian Armed Forces. ... The Flower class corvettes were a class of 267 corvettes developed by the Royal Navy and Royal Canadian Navy specifically for the protection of shipping convoys during the Battle of the Atlantic (1939-1945) in World War II. They were a stop-gap measure in the war against the German...


The town is served by VIA Rail's Halifax-to-Montreal train Ocean and intercity buses of Acadian Lines. VIA Rail Canada (also referred to as VIA Rail and VIA; pronounced vee-ah) is an independent Crown corporation offering intercity passenger rail services in Canada. ... Ocean (passenger train) - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... From http://www. ...

Contents

Businesses

Amherst is the retail centre for Cumberland County and the southeastern part of Westmorland County. The town has several big box stores, including Wal-Mart, Sobeys, Atlantic Superstore, Zellers, Kent Building Supplies and Shoppers Drug Mart, in addition to several fast food restaurants and auto dealerships. There are also smaller independent retailers and restaurants in the downtown area, situated among various historic buildings. The town's location on Highway 104 (part of the Trans-Canada Highway) has transformed South Albion street and Robert Angus Drive into a highway service centre. Westmorland County (2001 population 124,688) is located in southeastern New Brunswick, Canada. ... Big box store is a colloquial term used to describe a retail store housed in a rectangular, one-floor building with a high ceiling. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... Sobeys TSX: SBY is a Canadian supermarket chain headquartered in Stellarton, Nova Scotia. ... Atlantic Superstore is an upscale supermarket chain of 51 stores in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island. ... Zellers Inc. ... Kent Building Supplies (commonly known simply as Kent) is a chain of 29 retail home improvement stores in Atlantic Canada, owned by J.D. Irving Limited. ... Shoppers Drug Mart Corporation TSX: SC is Canadas largest pharmacy chain with almost 1000 stores operating under the names Shoppers Drug Mart across Canada (outside of Quebec) and Pharmaprix in Quebec. ... Highway 104 in Nova Scotia runs from the New Brunswick border near Amherst to St. ... Trans Canada Highway over Canada Map The Trans-Canada Highway is a federal-provincial highway system that joins all ten provinces of Canada. ...


Sports teams

The most popular sports team in Amherst is the Amherst Ramblers, a Junior A hockey team. Amherst Ramblers The Amherst Ramblers are a Tier II Junior A Hockey League team based in Amherst, Nova Scotia. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ...


Notable natives

Willard S Boyle (August 19, 1924 - ) is a Canadian physicist and co-inventor of the Charge-coupled device. ... A specially developed CCD used for ultraviolet imaging in a wire bonded package. ... William D. Casey (born February 19, 1945 in Amherst, Nova Scotia) is a Canadian politician. ... Edward Barron Chandler Edward Barron Chandler (August 22, 1800 – February 6, 1880) was a New Brunswick politician and lawyer from a United Empire Loyalist family. ... Robert Carman Coates (born March 10, 1928) is a former Canadian politician and Cabinet minister. ... Malcolm Mal Davis (born October 10, 1956 in Lockeport, Nova Scotia) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player. ... Robert B. Dickey Robert Barry Dickey (November 10, 1811 – July 14, 1903) was a participant in conferences leading to the Canadian Confederation of 1867 and is therefore considered to be one of the Fathers of Confederation. ... Leslie Feist (born February 13, 1976) is a Canadian singer-songwriter. ... Donald (Sandy) Goss (born October 2, 1968 in Amherst, Nova Scotia) is a former international freestyle and backstroke swimmer from Canada, who competed in two Summer Olympics for his native country: in 1984 in Los Angeles, California and four years later, in Seoul, South Korea. ... Rocky Johnson (left) with World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) Chairman Vince McMahon and Tony Atlas Rocky Johnson (born Wayde Bowles on August 24, 1944 in Amherst, Nova Scotia), is a former Canadian professional wrestler. ... Jonathan McCully The Honourable Jonathan McCully was born July 25, 1809 at his familys farm in Cumberland County, Nova Scotia. ... Willard Morse Mitchell (1881-1955) was an artist and architect from Amherst, Nova Scotia best known for his miniature watercolour paintings. ... Peter Myles, is an accomplished music editor for films including Seabiscuit (film), Harry_Potter, Star Wars (I and II) and many others. ... William Riley (born September 20, 1950 in Amherst, Nova Scotia) is a retired Canadian ice hockey player, and was the third black player in the National Hockey League. ... Not to be confused with Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper who was Sir Charles Tuppers son. ...

External links


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Amherst, Nova Scotia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (481 words)
Amherst is a town in Cumberland County, Nova Scotia, Canada, approximately 194 kilometres northwest of Halifax, Nova Scotia and 3 kilometres from the New Brunswick border.
The town is a two hour drive from Nova Scotia's capital Halifax, a one and a half hour drive from the Halifax International Airport, a one hour drive from Prince Edward Island and a forty minute drive from Moncton, New Brunswick.
Amherst is the largest town in Cumberland County, Nova Scotia.
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