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Encyclopedia > Amesbury, Massachusetts
Amesbury, Massachusetts
Thomas Macy House in c. 1905
Nickname: ThBury
Motto: Huhoy!
Location in Essex County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°51′30″N 70°55′50″W / 42.85833, -70.93056
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Essex
Settled 1642
Incorporated 1668
Government
 - Type Mayor-council city
 - Mayor Thatcher W. Kezer III
Area
 - Total 13.7 sq mi (35.4 km²)
 - Land 12.4 sq mi (32.1 km²)
 - Water 1.2 sq mi (3.2 km²)
Elevation 50 ft (15 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 16,450
 - Density 1,326.3/sq mi (512.1/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01913
Area code(s) 351 / 978
FIPS code 25-01185
GNIS feature ID 0618292
Website: http://www.amesburyma.gov/

The Town of Amesbury is a city[1] in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. In 1890, 9798 people lived in Amesbury; in 1900, 9473; in 1910, 9894; in 1920, 10,036; and in 1940, 10,862. The population was 16,450 at the 2000 census. A former farming and mill town, Amesbury is today largely residential. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 541 × 306 pixelsFull resolution (541 × 306 pixel, file size: 29 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Thomas Macy House, built in c. ... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 788 × 466 pixelsFull resolution (788 × 466 pixel, file size: 40 KB, MIME type: image/png) Map of Massachusetts towns with Amesbury highlighted Source: Justin H. Petrosek File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Massachusetts counties This is a list of Massachusetts counties, consisting of the 14 Massachusetts counties currently in existence. ... Essex County is a county located in the northeastern part of the state of Massachusetts. ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Area codes 351 and 978 are Commonwealth of Massachusetts area codes serving the communities of Fitchburg and Peabody as well as northeastern Massachusetts. ... Area code 978 is a Commonwealth of Massachusetts area code serving the communities of Lawrence, Lowell and Peabody as well as northeastern Massachusetts. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Essex County is a county located in the northeastern part of the state of Massachusetts. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... Äž: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Amoskeag Canal, 1948, by Charles Sheeler A mill town is a community that grew up around one or more mills or factories, usually on a river that was used as a source of power in the days before electricity. ...

Contents

History

Settled in 1642, Amesbury was first recognized as "Salisbury New Town" in 1666 when it formally separated from Salisbury. It was incorporated as "Amesbury" in 1668, after Amesbury in Wiltshire, England. Events January 4 - Charles I attempts to arrest five leading members of the Long Parliament, but they escape. ... 1666 is often called Annus Mirabilis. ... A view down the main street of Salisbury towards the beach Salisbury is a town located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... 1668 (MDCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... See also Amesbury, Massachusetts. ... A bridge over the river Avon at Bradford-on-Avon in Wiltshire Wiltshire (abbreviated Wilts) is a large southern English county. ...


Originally the boundary between Amesbury and Salisbury was the Powwow River. In 1876 Merrimac was created out of West Amesbury. In 1886 West Salisbury was annexed to Amesbury so the mill area on the Powwow River was unified. See the maps linked below.


Beginning as a modest farming community, it would develop an aggressive maritime and industrial economy. The 90 foot drop in the falls of the Powwow River provided water power for sawmills and gristmills. Shipbuilding, shipping and fishing were also important. The ferry across the Merrimack River to Newburyport was a lively business until the construction of bridges to Deer Island. Newton, New Hampshire would be set off from Amesbury in 1741, when the border between the two colonies was adjusted. The Powwow River is a 22. ... Hydropower (or waterpower) harnesses the energy of moving or falling water. ... This article or section should include material from Saw mill A sawmill is a facility where logs are cut into boards. ... Gristmill with water wheel, Skyline Drive, VA, 1938 A gristmill is a building where grain is ground into flour. ... Men from Francisco de Orellanas expedition building a small brigantine, the San Pedro, to be used in the search for food Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... Damaged package The Panama canal. ... Fishermen in the harbor of Kochi, India. ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ... Merrimack River watershed The Merrimack River (or Merrimac River, an earlier spelling that is sometimes still used) is a -long river in the Northeastern United States. ... Newburyport is a small coastal city in Essex County, Massachusetts, 38 miles (61 km) northeast of Boston. ... Location in Rockingham County, New Hampshire Coordinates: Country United States State New Hampshire County Rockingham County Incorporated 1749 Government  - Board of Selectmen Gary F. Nelson, Chairman John P. Ulcickas Robert S. Donovan, Jr. ... // Events April 10 - Austrian army attack troops of Frederick the Great at Mollwitz August 10 - Raja of Travancore defeats Dutch East India Company naval expedition at Battle of Colachel December 19 - Vitus Bering dies in his expedition east of Siberia December 25 - Anders Celsius develops his own thermometer scale Celsius...


In the 19th century, textile mills were built at the falls, as was a mechanized nail-making factory, believed to be the nation's first. The Merrimac Hat Company produced more hats than any of its competitors. Beginning in 1853, Amesbury became famous for building carriages, a trade which would evolve into the manufacture of automobile bodies. The industry, however, would end with the Great Depression. Amesbury also produced Hoyt's Buffalo Brand Peanut Butter Kisses. In 1876, the town of Merrimac was set off from Amesbury. In 1996, the town changed its status to a city, and adopted the mayor and municipal council form of government, although it retained the title "Town of Amesbury." The current mayor is Thatcher W. Kezer III. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Textile (disambiguation). ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... Year 1876 Pick up Sticks(MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Essex County Settled 1638 Incorporated 1876 Government  - Type Open town meeting  - Board of    Selectmen Robert Sinibaldi Bonnie Collins Carol Traynor Area  - Town  8. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ...


The community has an impressive collection of early architecture, particularly in the Federal and Victorian styles. Following a recent restoration of the historic downtown, many new restaurants opened. The "Doughboy," a memorial sculpture by Leonard Craske, stands on the front lawn of the Amesbury Middle School. It was dedicated November 11, 1929. Craske is best known as sculptor for the "Fishermens' Memorial" in Gloucester. There is here a monument erected to Josiah Bartlett, who was born in Amesbury. This article is about building architecture. ... Federal style architecture occurred in the United States between 1780 and 1830, particularly from 1785 to 1815. ... Manchester Town Hall is an example of Victorian architecture found in Manchester, UK. The Carson Mansion is an example of a Victorian home in Eureka, California, USA The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles predominantly in the Victorian era. ... Doughboy is a now-outdated slang term for an American infantryman, best known from its use in World War I, although it potentially dates back to the Mexican-American War of 1846-48. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about Gloucester, Massachusetts, U.S.A.; there are other places called Gloucester Location in Essex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Essex Settled 1623 Incorporated 1642 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Carolyn Kirk Area  - Total 41. ... Josiah Bartlett (November 21, 1729–May 19, 1795), was an American physician and statesman who, as a delegate to the Continental Congress for New Hampshire, signed the Declaration of Independence. ...


Due to Amesbury's rich history, a student house on the campus of Stonehill College (Easton, MA) was named after the town. The house "Amesbury" is known to students as one of the greatest student houses on campus. Stonehill College is a private Roman Catholic college located in North Easton, Massachusetts, United States, founded in 1948. ...

Geography

Amesbury is located at 42°51′29″N, 70°55′50″W1. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.6 square miles (35.4 km²), of which, 12.4 square miles (32.1 km²) of it is land and 1.2 square miles (3.2 km²) of it (9.08%) is water. Amesbury is drained by the Powwow River. Powwow Hill, elevation 332 feet (98 meters), is the highest point in town. Once the site of Indian gatherings, or "powwows," it has views to Maine and Cape Ann. The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... The Powwow River is a 22. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Cape Ann, Massachusetts Landsat satellite photo of Cape Ann Cape Ann is a rocky peninsula located in northeastern Massachusetts on the Atlantic Ocean. ...


Demographics

For additional demographic information on the central urban area of Amesbury, which is a census-designated place, see the article Amesbury (CDP), Massachusetts. It provodes details that are included in the aggregate numbers reported here. A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ... Amesbury CDP is a census-designated place comprising the main urban portions of the town or city of Amesbury, Massachusetts in Essex County. ...

Main Street from Market Square in 1911
Main Street from Market Square in 1911

As of the census of 2000, there were 16,450 people, 6,380 households, and 4,229 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,326.3 people per square mile (512.2/km²). There were 6,623 housing units at an average density of 206.2 persons/km² (534.0 persons/sq mi). The racial makeup of the city was 97.19% White, 0.64% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. 0.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 543 × 348 pixelsFull resolution (543 × 348 pixel, file size: 38 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Main Street, looking south from Market Square, Amesbury, MA; from a 1911 postcard. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 543 × 348 pixelsFull resolution (543 × 348 pixel, file size: 38 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Main Street, looking south from Market Square, Amesbury, MA; from a 1911 postcard. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Hispanic (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ; Latin: , adjective from Hispānia, the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically denoted relation to the ancient Hispania and its peoples. ... For the Brazilian pop singer, see Latino (singer). ...


There were 6,380 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 11.3% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 33.7% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.09. Matrimony redirects here. ...

Lake Attitash in 1911
Lake Attitash in 1911

In the city the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 33.8% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 630 × 400 pixelsFull resolution (630 × 400 pixel, file size: 70 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Lake Attitash, Amesbury, MA; from a 1911 postcard. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 630 × 400 pixelsFull resolution (630 × 400 pixel, file size: 70 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Lake Attitash, Amesbury, MA; from a 1911 postcard. ...


The median income for a household in the city was $51,906, and the median income for a family was $62,875. Males had a median income of $43,489 versus $31,968 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,103. 5.9% of the population and 3.9% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 7.0% are under the age of 18 and 8.2% are 65 or older. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ...


Education

Amesbury's high school football rival is Newburyport; the two teams play against each other every Thanksgiving Day. Amesbury High School is a coeducational preparatory school in the town of Amesbury, Massachusetts, drawing students from Amesbury, South Hampton, New Hampshire, and other parts of the Merrimack River Valley region. ... Amesbury Middle School has evolved much over the more than 85 years it has been in existence, serving students from the town of Amesbury, Massachusetts. ... Amesbury Public Schools has, for over 100 years, served students from the town of Amesbury, Massachusetts. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... Newburyport is a small coastal city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... For the Canadian holiday, see Thanksgiving (Canada). ...


Points of interest

  • Alliance Park (Site of the Construction of the U.S.S. Alliance in 1777)

Year 1793 (MDCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Exterior view. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Macy-Colby House, front view. ... Events April 5 - Signing of the Treaty of Westminster, ending the First Anglo-Dutch War. ... The term Mary Baker Eddy Historic House (or Home) describes a number of historic houses with associations to Mary Baker Eddy, founder of the Church of Christ, Scientist. ... John Greenleaf Whittier Home, Amesbury, Massachusetts. ... Friends Meeting House in 1911 The Amesbury Friends Meetinghouse is a Quaker meetinghouse in Amesbury, Massachusetts. ... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Rocky Hill Meeting House, Amesbury, Massachusetts. ... 1785 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...

Notable residents

The Kubik Family Josiah Bartlett (November 21, 1729–May 19, 1795), was an American physician and statesman who, as a delegate to the Continental Congress for New Hampshire, signed the Declaration of Independence. ... A declaration of independence is an assertion of the independence of an aspiring state or states. ... See also New Hampshire Province of New Hampshire List of Colonial Governors of New Hampshire I am a doodlebug Categories: Lists of United States governors | Governors of New Hampshire ... Paine Wingate Paine Wingate (14 May 1739– 7 March 1838) was an American preacher, farmer, and statesman from Stratham, New Hampshire. ... Daniel Blaisdell (January 22, 1762 - January 10, 1833) was a United States Representative from New Hampshire. ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... Spiritualism is a religion in which contact with the spirits of the dead through a medium is central. ... John Greenleaf Whittier (December 17, 1807 – September 7, 1892) was an American Quaker poet and forceful advocate of the abolition of slavery in the United States. ... The New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad (AAR reporting mark NH) was a railroad that operated in the northeast United States. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Mary Baker Eddy (born Mary Morse Baker July 16, 1821 – December 3, 1910) founded the Church of Christ, Scientist in 1879 and was the author of its fundamental doctrinal textbook, Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures. ... Christian Science is a religious teaching regarding the efficacy of spiritual healing according to the interpretation of the Bible by Mary Baker Eddy, in her book Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures (first published in 1875). ... Harriet Prescott Spofford Harriet Elizabeth Prescott Spofford (April 3, 1835–August 14, 1921) is a notable American writer remembered for her novels, poems and detective stories. ... William A. Paine William Albert Paine (January 29, 1855 - September 24. ... Robert Lee Frost (March 26, 1874 – January 29, 1963) was an American poet. ... Jeffrey Donovan (born May 11, 1968) is an American television and film actor. ... Burn Notice is an American television comedy-drama series created for the USA Network. ...


Sister City

Amesbury is sister cities with:

Image File history File links Flag_of_Kenya. ...

References

  1. ^ Although it is called the "Town of Amesbury," it is a statutory city of Massachusetts. See Office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth.
  2. ^ a b c d (1963) Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 

Publications

  • Bigelow, E.H. Amesbury and Salisbury Mills. Birds eye view at the Boston Public Library Website.
  • Norris, George E. Amesbury. Panaramic View. Published 1890. Burleigh Lith.Est. At the Library of Congress Website.
  • Hughes & Bailey. Amesbury. Panoramic View. Published 1914.
  • Amesbury Vital Records to 1849. Published 1913. Transcribed and put online by John Slaughter and Jodi Salerno.
  • This article incorporates text from an edition of the New International Encyclopedia that is in the public domain.

The New International Encyclopedia was an encyclopedia first published in the 1910s. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Amesbury, Massachusetts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (702 words)
It was originally settled by Europeans in 1642 and was incorporated as a town in 1668.
Amesbury was first recognized as Salisbury New Town in 1666, and formally separated from the town of Salisbury.
Newton, New Hampshire was set up as a separate town from within Amesbury in 1741, as a part of adjusting and fixing the border between the two colonies.
Amesbury Massachusetts, 1890 (827 words)
On January 1, 1889, the Provident Institution for Savings for Amesbury and Salisbury held deposits to the amount of $1,767,248, with $79,863 in undivided earnings, The number of dwellings is 1,007 ; the population 4,403 ; and the legal voters 949.
In 1886 the western part of Amesbury was established as the town of Merrimac.
That Amesbury has a salubrious climate is clearly indicated by the fact that in 1885 there were forty residents over 80 years of age.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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