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Encyclopedia > American cordillera

The American cordillera consists of an essentially continuous sequence of mountain ranges that form the western backbone of both North America and South America. This sequence of overlapping and parallel ranges start with the Alaska Range and the Brooks Range in Alaska and run through the Yukon into British Columbia. The main belt of the Rocky Mountains along with the parallel Coast Range of mountains and islands continue through British Columbia and Vancouver Island. In the United States the Cordillera branches to include the Rockies, the Sierra Nevada, and the Cascades and Coast ranges of Washington, Oregon, and California. In Mexico the Cordillera continues through the Sierra Madre Occidental and Sierra Madre Oriental as well as the backbone mountains of the Baja California peninsula. World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... View of Mount McKinley on a rare clear day The Alaska Range is a mountain range that extends for about 650 km (400 mi) across south-central Alaska, from Iliamna Lake at the SW end to White River in Canada at the SE end. ... Brooks Range from near Galbraith Lake The Brooks Range is a mountain range that stretches from west to east across northern Alaska and into Canadas Yukon Territory, a total distance of about 1100 km (700 mi). ... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 1st 663,267 mi² / 1 717 854 km² 808 mi / 1300 km 1,479 mi / 2380 km 13. ... Motto: none Official languages English Capital Whitehorse Largest city Whitehorse Commissioner Geraldine Van Bibber Premier Dennis Fentie (Yukon Party) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 1 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 9th 482,443 km² 474,391 km² 8,052 km² (1. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Official languages English Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 36 6 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 5th 944,735 km² 925,186 km² 19,549 km... White Goat Wilderness Area, Alberta, Canada The Rocky Mountains, often called the Rockies, are a broad mountain range in western North America. ... A Coastal range is any range of mountains forming a coastline. ... Vancouver Island is separated from mainland British Columbia by the Strait of Georgia and the Queen Charlotte Strait, and from Washington State by the Juan De Fuca Strait. ... The Sierra Nevada is a mountain range that is almost entirely in eastern California. ... Mount Adams in Washington The Cascade Range is a mountainous region famous for its chain of tall volcanoes called the High Cascades that run north-south along the west coast of North America from British Columbia to the Shasta Cascade area of northern California. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 18th 184,824 km² 385 km 580 km 6. ... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 9th 255,026 km² 420 km 580 km 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 3rd 410,000 km² 402. ... The Sierra Madre Occidental is a mountain range in western Mexico and the extreme southwest of the United States, extending 1500 km from southeast Arizona (south and east of Tucson) southeast through eastern Sonora, western Chihuahua, Durango, Zacatecas, Aguascalientes to Guanajuato, where it joins with the Sierra Madre Oriental and... The Sierra Madre Oriental is a mountain range in northeastern Mexico, extending 1000 km from Coahuila south through Nuevo León, southwest Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosí, Hidalgo, to northern Puebla and Querétaro, where it joins with the Sierra Madre Occidental and the Eje Volcánico Transversal of central Mexico. ... Baja California (highlighted) Alternative use: Baja California (state) Baja California or Lower California is a peninsula in the west of Mexico. ...


The Cordillera from Mexico northwards is also called the Western Cordillera.


The Cordillera continues on through the mountain ranges of Central America in Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama, and becomes the Andes Mountains of South America. The Andes with their parallel chains and the island chains off the coast of Chile continue through Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, and Chile to the very tip of South America at Tierra del Fuego. In addition the range can possibly be followed through the arcuate South Georgia Ridge across the Southern Ocean to the mountains of Graham Land on the Antarctic Peninsula. Map of Central America Central America is the subcontinent of America between North America and South America, beginning south of the Gulf of Mexico (the exact location is defined variously) and ending at the border between Panama and Colombia. ... See also architecture with non-sequential dynamic execution scheduling (ANDES). ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Tierra del Fuego (Spanish: Land of Fire) is an archipelago at the southernmost tip of South America. ... South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom, also claimed by Argentina. ... Map of Antarctica Graham Land is that portion of the Antarctic Peninsula which lies north of a line joining Cape Jeremy and Cape Agassiz. ... Antarctica (Greek, antarktikos: opposite the Arctic[1]) is a continent encircling the Earths South Pole, surrounded by the Southern Ocean and divided in two by the Transantarctic Mountains. ...


The Cordillera are the eastern half of the Pacific Ring of Fire, which continues around the Pacific Ocean via Kamchatka and Japan to Indonesia and Polynesia The Ring of Fire is a zone of frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions that encircles the basin of the Pacific Ocean. ... Kamchatka Oblast, an oblast in Russia. ... Polynesia is generally defined as the islands within the triangle Polynesia (from Greek: πολύς many, νῆσος island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Geological Society of America - Penrose Conference - 1999 (2299 words)
The North American Cordillera is an ideal laboratory for examining the conflicting geological and paleomagnetic data sets, and this controversy has major implications for other orogenic belts.
A key element of the conference was the assembly of multiple investigators representing different disciplines from throughout the North American Cordillera focusing on a singular objective: constraining terrane translation along the western margin.
He argued that the North America Cordillera is the key place to resolve the translation dilemma, owing to the north-south orientation of the margin and the east-west orientation of cratonal provinces and climatic zones, which should provide an ideal measure for terrane translation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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