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Encyclopedia > American army

The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. As of fiscal year 2002 (FY02), it consisted of 480,000 soldiers on active duty and 555,000 in reserve (350,000 in the Army National Guard (ARNG) and 205,000 in the Army Reserve (USAR). The Army was formed on June 14, 1775, before the establishment of the United States, to meet the demands of the American Revolutionary War. The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ... The United States National Guard is a significant component of the United States armed forces military reserve. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (166th in leap years), with 200 days remaining. ... 1775 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ...

Contents

Source: http://www. ...

Components of the U.S. Army

United States Military
US Army
US Navy
US Air Force
US Marine Corps
US Coast Guard

In the modern age, the Army is divided into the Regular Army and the Army Reserve. The United States National Guard is an armed force under the command of state governments. Prior to the 21st century, members of the National Guard were considered state employees only unless federalized by the Army in which case National Guard members became members of the Army Reserve. In the modern age, all National Guard members hold dual status: as Guardsmen under the authority of the State Adjutant General, and as Army Reservists under the authority of the Army Human Resources Command. The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ... Source: http://www. ... Source: http://www. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... Source: http://www. ... Seal of the Air Force. ... Source: http://www. ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States armed forces. ... Coast Guard shield The United States Coast Guard is the coast guard of the United States. ... The United States National Guard is a significant component of the United States armed forces military reserve. ...


By design, the use of the Army Reserve and National Guard has increased since the Vietnam War. Reserve and Guard units took part in the Gulf War, peacekeeping in Kosovo, and the 2003 invasion of Iraq. The Vietnam War was fought from 1957 to 1975 between communist and Vietnamese national forces and an array of Western and pro-Western forces, most importantly the United States. ... C Company, 1st Battalion, The Staffordshire Regiment, 1st UK Armoured Division The Persian Gulf War was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of 34 nations mandated by the United Nations and led by the United States. ... Kosovo and Metohia (Serbian: Косово и Метохија / Kosovo i Metohija, Albanian: Kosova), in English most oftenly called just Kosovo, is a province of Serbia. ... The 2003 invasion of Iraq, also called simply the Iraq War or Operation: Iraqi Freedom, is a war that began March 20, 2003, fought between a group of troops consisting primarily of American and British, but also Polish, Australian and several other nations forces, and Iraq. ...


Structure of the U.S. Army

Officially, a member of the U.S. Army is called a Soldier (always capitalized). The U.S. Army is divided into the following components, from largest to smallest: A Norwegian soldier (a Corporal, armed with an MP-5) A soldier is a person who has enlisted with, or has been conscripted into, the armed forces of a sovereign country and has undergone training and received equipment to defend that country or its interests. ...

U.S. Generals, World War II, Europe:
back row (left to right): Stearley, Vandenberg, Smith, Weyland, Nugent;
front row: Simpson, Patton, Spaatz, Eisenhower, Bradley, Hodges, Gerow.
  1. Field Army: Usually commanded by a General (GEN; note that abbreviations of military rank are given in all capital letters without a period or other punctuation).
  2. Corps: Consists of two or more divisions and organic support brigades. The commander is most often a Lieutenant General (LTG).
  3. Division: Usually commanded by a Major General (MG).
  4. Brigade (or group): Composed of typically three or more battalions, and commanded by a Colonel (COL) or Brigadier General. (See Regiment for combat arms units.)
  5. Battalion (or squadron): Most units are organized into battalions. Cavalry units are formed into squadrons. A battalion-sized unit is commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel (LTC), supported by a Command Sergeant Major/E-9 (CSM). This unit consists of a Battalion Commander (CO, LTC), a Battalion Executive Officer (XO,MAJ), a Command Sergeant Major (CSM) and headquarters, 3-5 Company Commanders (CPT), 3-5 Company Executive Officers (1LT), 3-5 First Sergeants (1SG) and headquarters, 6 or more Platoon Leaders (2LT/1LT), 6 or more Platoon sergeants (SFC),and 12 or more Squad Leaders (any NCO).
  6. Company (or battery/troop): Artillery units are formed into batteries. Cavalry units are formed into troops. A company-sized unit is usually led by a Company Commander usually the rank of Captain/O-3 (CPT) supported by a First Sergeant/E-8 (1SG). This unit consists of a Company Commander (CO, CPT), a Company Executive Officer (XO,1LT), A First Sergeant(1SG) and a headquarters, Two or more Platoon Leaders (2LT/1LT), two or more Platoon Sergeants (SFC), and four or more Squad Leaders (any NCO).
  7. Platoon: Usually led by a lieutenant supported by a Sergeant First Class/E-7 (SFC). This unit consists of a Platoon Leader (2LT/1LT), a Platoon Sergeant (SFC), and two or more Squad Leaders (any NCO).
  8. Section: Usually directed by Staff Sergeants/E-6 (SSG) who supply guidance for junior NCO Squad leaders. Often used in conjunction with platoons at the company level.
  9. Squad: Squad leaders are often Staff Sergeants/E-6 (SSG), Sergeants/E-5 (SGT), or Corporals/E-4 (CPL). This unit consists of eight to ten Soldiers.
  10. Fire team: Usually consists of four Soldiers: a fire team leader, a grenadier, and two riflemen. Fire team leaders are often Corporal/E-4 (CPL).

The Army is organized by function. Combat Arms include Infantry, Armor, Field Artillery, Air defense artillery, Army Corps of Engineers, Army Aviation, and Special Forces. Combat Support Arms include Signal Corps, Intelligence Corps, Chemical Corps, and Military Police Corps. Combat Service Support troops include the Judge Advocate General's Corps, Adjutant General's Corps, Finance Corps, Transportation Corps, Quartermaster Corps, Ordnance Corps, Medical Service Corps, and Nurse Corps. original source: National Archives, 208-YE-182. ... original source: National Archives, 208-YE-182. ... Hoyt Sanford Vandenberg (January 24, 1899–April 2, 1954) was an U.S. Air Force officer and director of the Central Intelligence Group. ... Walter Bedell Smith (October 5, 1895 - August 9, 1961) was Dwight D. Eisenhowers Chief of Staff during Eisenhowers tenure at SHAEF and Director of the CIA from 1950 to 1953. ... General George Smith Patton Jr. ... Carl Tooey Spaatz (June 28, 1891_July 14, 1974) was an American general in World War II. Carl Andrew Spatz (Spaatz added the second a in 1937 at the request of his wife and daughters to clarify the pronunciation of the name) was born on June 28, 1891, in Boyertown, Pennsylvania. ... Order: 34th President Vice President: Richard Nixon Term of office: January 20, 1953 – January 20, 1961 Preceded by: Harry S. Truman Succeeded by: John F. Kennedy Date of birth: October 14, 1890 Place of birth: Denison, Texas Date of death: March 28, 1969 Place of death: Washington, D.C. First... Gen. ... Courtney Hicks Hodges (January 5, 1887 - January 16, 1966) was an American military officer, most prominent for his role in World War II, in which he commanded various forces in Northwest Europe. ... A nations army is its military, or more specifically, all of its land forces. ... Military rank, or simply rank, is a system of grading seniority and command within military organizations. ... This article is about a military unit. ... A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of around 10,000 soldiers. ... Brigade is a term from military science which refers to a group of several battalions (typically two to four), and directly attached supporting units (normally including at least an artillery battery and additional logistic support). ... A regiment is a military unit, larger than a company and smaller than a division. ... In military terminology, a battalion consists of two to six companies typically commanded by a lieutenant colonel. ... A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 100-200 soldiers. ... See also Platoon (movie) and platoon (automobile) for the concept for reducing traffic congestion. ... Section can be: A cross section (in the common sense or the physics sense) In mathematics: A conic section A section of a fiber bundle or sheaf A Caesarean section In UK law, Section 28 In the fictional Star Trek universe, Section 31 A military unit A section (land) is... A squad is a military unit consisting of several soldiers, larger than a fire team but smaller than a platoon. ... A fire team is the smallest recognized military unit. ... Infantry in the First World War Infantry (or Infantrymen) are soldiers who fight primarily on foot, using personal weapons. ... Alternative meanings: vehicle armour, Armor (novel) A hoplite wearing a helmet, a breastplate and greaves (and nothing else). ... The U.S. Army Field Artillery is comprised of all units that operate artillery pieces designed to be used in the field, that do not fire at aircraft by design, be they towed or self propelled. ... American troops man an anti-aircraft gun near the Algerian coastline in 1943 Anti-aircraft, or air defense, is any method of combating military aircraft from the ground. ... United States Army Corps of Engineers logo The United States Army Corps of Engineers, or USACE, is made up of some 34,600 military men and women. ... Aerial warfare is the use of aircraft and other flying machines for the purposes of warfare. ... The United States Special Operations Forces is the official category where the U.S. Department of Defense lists the U.S. military units that have a training specialization in unconventional warfare and special operations. ... The Signal Corps is a military branch, usually subordinate to a countrys army. ... The Intelligence Corps (often called Int Corps) is one of the corps of the British Army, responsible for gathering, analysing and disseminating military intelligence and also for counter-intelligence and security. ... Judge Advocate Generals Corps, also known as JAG, is the judicial arm of the United States armed forces, consisting of autonomous departments in the Air Force, Army and Navy. ... The Adjutant Generals Corps is a corps in the British Army responsible for many of its general administrative services. ...





Rank Structure

See also U.S. Army officer rank insignia. This chart represents the U.S. Army officer rank insignia. ...


Comparison of ranking structure available at Ranks and Insignia of NATO. This the original template-based version, in nowiki tags so it loads. ...

NATO Code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 - OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF-D- Student Officer
United States
(Edit)
coming soon coming soon
General of the Army1 General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain First Lieutenant Second Lieutenant
  • 1 Honorary/War time rank.
NATO Rank WO-5 WO-4 WO-3 WO-2 WO-1
United States
(Edit)
Chief Warrant Officer 5 Chief Warrant Officer 4 Chief Warrant Officer 3 Chief Warrant Officer 2 Warant Officer 1
NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
United States
(Edit)
No Insignia
Sergeant Major of the Army Command Sergeant Major Sergeant Major First Sergeant Master Sergeant Sergeant First Class Staff Sergeant Sergeant Corporal Specialist Private First Class Private E2 Private E1

The Officer Corps provides leadership and managerial functions, and is composed of Download high resolution version (1520x800, 18 KB) Subject: Flag of the United States. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... General of the Army, or less formally five-star general, is historically the second most senior rank in the United States Army. ... General is a military rank, in most nations the highest rank, although some nations have the higher rank of Field Marshal. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Colonel Colonel is a military rank, usually the highest below general grades, and just above Lieutenant Colonel. ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... Insignia of an 0-4 in the U.S. Armed Forces In the US Army, Air Force, Marine Corps and the British Army, a major is a commissioned officer superior to a captain and inferior to a lieutenant colonel. ... Captain is both a nautical term and a military rank. ... First Lieutenant is a military rank. ... Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ... Download high resolution version (1520x800, 18 KB) Subject: Flag of the United States. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1520x800, 18 KB) Subject: Flag of the United States. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... File links The following pages link to this file: United States Army U.S. Army enlisted rank insignia Template:Ranks and Insignia of NATO Armies/OR/United States Ranks and insignia of NATO Armies Enlisted ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This article is about a military rank and position. ... This article is about a military rank and position. ... This article is about a military rank and position. ... First Sergeant insignia U.S. Army First Sergeant insignia U.S. Marine Corps First Sergeant is the title given to holders of certain ranks and positions within the United States Armed Forces. ... United States Master Sergeant insignia U.S. Air Force Master Sergeant insignia U.S. Army Master Sergeant insignia U.S. Marine Corps A Master Sergeant is: the seventh enlisted rank in the United States Air Force, just above Technical Sergeant and below Senior Master Sergeant. ... Sergeant First Class insignia Sergeant First Class (SFC) is the seventh enlisted rank in the U.S. Army, just above Staff Sergeant and below Master Sergeant, and is a non-commissioned officer. ... United States Military Staff Sergeant insignia (U.S. Air Force) Staff Sergeant is the fifth enlisted rank in the U.S. Air Force, just above Senior Airman and below Technical Sergeant. ... This article is about the rank of sergeant. ... Corporal is a military rank in use by several militaries of the world. ... One with special training. ... A private is a military soldier of the lowest military rank. ... A private is a military soldier of the lowest military rank. ... A private is a military soldier of the lowest military rank. ...

There are several sources of commissioned officers: Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ... First Lieutenant is a military rank. ... Captain is both a nautical term and a military rank. ... Insignia of an 0-4 in the U.S. Armed Forces In the US Army, Air Force, Marine Corps and the British Army, a major is a commissioned officer superior to a captain and inferior to a lieutenant colonel. ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Colonel Colonel is a military rank, usually the highest below general grades, and just above Lieutenant Colonel. ... A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... General is a military rank, in most nations the highest rank, although some nations have the higher rank of Field Marshal. ... General of the Army, or less formally five-star general, is historically the second most senior rank in the United States Army. ... In the United States Army military hierarchy, General of the Armies is traditionally considered a rank superior to a five-star general, also known as General of the Army (note the difference between the two ranks). ... This article is about George Washingtons general life. ... Photo portrait from May 1917 New York Times John Joseph Black Jack Pershing (September 13, 1860 – July 15, 1948) was a soldier in the United States Army. ... In military organizations, a commissioned officer is a member of the service who derives authority directly from a sovereign power, and as such holds a commission from that power. ...

  • The United States Military Academy at West Point, New York
  • Graduates of other military academies of the United States may elect to be commissioned in the Army
  • Enlisted soldiers or College graduates who successfully pass Officer Candidate School (OCS)
  • College graduates who underwent Army Reserve Officer Training Corps courses at a four-year university
  • Lawyers, doctors, nurses, veterinarians, and chaplains may be directly commissioned into their respective corps
  • Enlisted soldiers may also be battlefield commissioned for valor and leadership during actual combat, Audie Murphy received his commission in this manner

Officers receive a commission assigning them to the Officer Corps from the President. All newly commissioned officers receive a commission as a reserve officer. Upon attaining the rank of Major, they can be appointed into the Regular Army by the President with the advice and consent of the United States Senate [1] (http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/10/531.html). Commissioned officers are assigned to a branch of service until they reach the rank of Brigadier General, where it is assumed that they are competent to command soldiers of all branches. The Chapel at West Point The United States Military Academy, also known as West Point and USMA, is a U.S. military academy and former Army fort. ... West Point is also a town in Virginia West Point is a federal military base (and a census-designated place) located in the Town of Highlands in Orange County, New York. ... In the United States armed forces, Officer Candidate School (OCS) or the equivalent is a training program for non-commissioned officers, soldiers, Sailors, Marines, Airmen and recent college graduates to earn commissions as officers. ... The Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) is a training program of the United States armed forces present on college campuses to recruit and educate commissioned officers. ... Audie Leon Murphy (June 20, 1924 – May 28, 1971) was the United States most decorated combat soldier of World War II. He later became an actor and singer/songwriter. ... In law a commission is a patent which allows a person to take possession of a state office and carry out official acts and duties. ... Seal of the President of the United States The President of the United States is the head of state of the United States. ... Seal of the Senate The Senate is one of the two houses of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ...


Once commissioned, an officer attends several levels of professional education, starting with branch qualification in their respective branch and concluding in Command and General Staff College at Fort_Leavenworth, Kansas. Professional education is required for promotion at certain grades. First established in 1881 as a school for infantry and cavalry, the U.S. Armys Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas functions as a graduate school for U.S. and Allied military leaders. ... In 1827, Colonel Henry Leavenworth established a post on the bluffs overlooking the western bank of the Missouri River to protect the fur trade, safeguard commerce on the Santa Fe Trail and maintain the peace among the inhabitants. ... State nickname: The Sunflower State Other U.S. States Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Governor Kathleen Sebelius Official languages None Area 82,277 mi²; 213,096 km² (15th)  - Land 81,815 mi²; 211,900 km²  - Water 462 mi²; 1,196 km² (0. ...


The Warrant Officer is a single track specialty officer. Initially appointed an officer by the Secretary of the Army via a warrant, he/she is commissioned by the President upon promotion to the rank of Chief Warrant Officer Two (CW2). The warrant officer is managed as a company grade officer, but receives limited field grade privilege upon promotion to Chief Warrant Officer Four (CW4). A warrant officer (WO) or a chief warrant officer (CWO) is a member of a military organization, with a rank subordinate to other commissioned officers and senior to noncommissioned officers. ... In law, a warrant can mean any authorization. ... Seal of the President of the United States The President of the United States is the head of state of the United States. ...


The primary source for Warrant Officers is the U.S. Army Warrant Officer Candidate School at Fort Rucker, Alabama. Fort Rucker is a US Army base located mostly in Dale County, Alabama. ... Alabama is a state located in the southern United States. ...


The Non-Commissioned Officer Corps (or NCO Corps) is the first line of leadership for the enlisted members of the Army, and includes the ranks of A non-commissioned officer (sometimes noncommissioned officer), or NCO, is an enlisted member of an armed force who has been delegated leadership or command authority by a commissioned officer. ... A Norwegian soldier (a Corporal, armed with an MP-5) A soldier is a person who has enlisted with, or has been conscripted into, the armed forces of a sovereign country and has undergone training and received equipment to defend that country or its interests. ...

  • Corporal (CPL; pay grade E-4) (two stripes up),
  • Sergeant (SGT; pay grade E-5)(three stripes up),
  • Staff Sergeant (SSG; pay grade E-6)(three stripes up and one down),
  • Sergeant First Class (SFC; pay grade E-7)(three stripes up and two down),
  • Master Sergeant (MSG; pay grade E-8) (three stripes up and three down),
  • First Sergeant (1SG; pay grade E-8) (which holds the same enlisted pay grade as Master Sergeant, but which carries extra administrative duties - three stripes up and three down with a lozenge in the center),
  • Sergeant Major (SGM; pay grade E-9) (three stripes up and three down with a star in the center),
  • Command Sergeant Major (CSM; pay grade E-9) (three stripes up and three down with a wreathed star in the center)
  • and Sergeant Major of the Army (of whom there is only one, and who advises the Chief of Staff of the Army on matters relating to enlisted personnel - three stripes up and three down with a centered eagle accompanied with two stars).
U.S. Army recruitment poster

Training for NCOs takes place at any of the various NCO training centers around the world. U.S. Army recruiting poster File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... U.S. Army recruiting poster File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


Until relatively recent history, most countries depended upon their officer corps to micromanage strategy, tactics and virtually every other aspect of military operations. Current military theory in the U.S. and UK has begun to emphasize the "strategic corporal," recognizing that combat decision-making by NCOs is potentially of vast importance.


The lowest enlisted ranks are:

  • Private (PV1; pay grade E-1) (no rank insignia),
  • Private Enlisted Grade 2 (PV2; pay grade E-2) (one chevron pointing up),
  • Private First Class (PFC; pay grade E-3) (one stripe up and a curved stripe (a rocker below)),
  • and Specialist (SPC; pay grade E-4) (which is the same Enlisted Grade as Corporal, but which requires technical leadership skills, as opposed to the combat leadership skills required of corporal -a dark green patch with an eagle centered). A Specialist ranks below a corporal in terms of chain of command.

Training for enlisted soldiers usually consists of Basic Training, and Advanced Individual Training in their primary Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) at any of the numerous MOS training facilities around the world.


All members of the Army must take an oath upon being sworn in as members, swearing (or affirming) to "protect the Constitution of the United States from all enemies, both foreign and domestic." This emphasis on the defense of the United States Constitution illustrates the concern of the framers that the military be subordinate to legitimate civilian authority. Page I of the Constitution of the United States of America Page II of the United States Constitution Page III of the United States Constitution Page IV of the United States Constitution The Syng inkstand, with which the Constitution was signed The Constitution of the United States is the supreme...


The civilian executive is the Secretary of the Army who heads the United States Department of the Army, formerly called the Secretary of War who headed the United States Department of War or the War Office for short, at the founding of the Republic.
Flag of the United States Secretary of the Army The United States Secretary of the Army has statutory responsibility for all matters relating to the United States Army: manpower, personnel, reserve affairs, installations, environmental issues, weapons systems and equipment acquisition, communications, and financial management. ... Seal The Department of the Army is one of the three military departments in the United States Department of Defense. ... The Secretary of War was a member of the Presidents Cabinet, beginning with George Washingtons administration. ... The United States Department of War was the military department of the United States governments executive branch from 1789 until 1949, when it became part of the United States Department of Defense. ... The War Office was a government agency in both the United Kingdom and the United States. ...


Leadership

The professional head of the United States Army is the Army Chief of Staff. This position is filled by a four star general who sits on the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee. As with the other members of that committee, the Army Chief of Staff is not in the direct chain of command. His function is administrative and policy making. The current Army Chief of Staff is General Peter J. Schoomaker. Categories: United States-related stubs | United States Army | Joint Chiefs of Staff ... The Joint Chiefs of Staff is a panel comprising the highest-ranking members of each major branch of the armed services in any particular country. ... Army Chief of Staff, 4-star General Peter J. Schoomaker started serving under the aforementioned title in August of 2003. ...


The most senior Army generals who are directly in the chain of command are those who head up the regional joint commands, known as the Combatent Commanders (COCOM's), around the world. An example is General John Abizaid, the commander of U.S. Central Command. Three star positions in the Army include some deputy commanders of the regional commands, heads of the army sections of those commands, and the general officers commanding of corps. General Abizaid John P. Abizaid (born April 1, 1951) is a general in the United States Army and the Commander of the United States Central Command (CENTCOM), overseeing American military operations in a 25-country region, from the Horn of Africa to Central Asia, covering much of the Middle East. ...


Major Commands of the United States Army

Major Command and Commanders Location of Headquarters
Intelligence & Security Command (http://www.inscom.army.mil/) (INSCOM) MG John F. Kimmons Fort Belvoir, Virginia
Criminal Investigation Command (http://www.belvoir.army.mil/cidc/) (CID)
MG Donald J. Ryder
Fort Belvoir, Virginia
Corps of Engineers (http://www.usace.army.mil/) (USACE)
LTG Carl A. Strock
Washington, D.C.
Medical Command (MEDCOM)
LTG James B. Peake
Fort Sam Houston, Texas
Army Materiel Command (http://www.amc.army.mil/) (AMC)
GEN Paul J. Kern
Alexandria, Virginia
Training & Doctrine Command (TRADOC) GEN Kevin P. Byrnes Fort Monroe, Virginia
Forces Command (http://www.forscom.army.mil/) (FORSCOM)
GEN Dan K. McNeill
Fort McPherson, Georgia
US Army South (http://www.usarso.army.mil/) (USARSO)
MG Jack D. Gardner
Fort Sam Houston, Texas
Special Operations Command (http://www.soc.mil/hqs/hqs_home.htm) (USASOC)
LTG Philip R. Kensinger
Fort Bragg, North Carolina
Military Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (http://www.sddc.army.mil/) (SDDC)
BG Charles W. (Charlie) Fletcher, Jr.
Fort Eustis, Newport News, Virginia
Space & Missile Defense Command (http://www.smdc.army.mil/) (SMDC) LTG Joseph M. Cosumano, Jr. Arlington, Virginia
8th US Army (EUSA)
LTG Charles C. Campbell
Yongsan Army Garrison, Seoul
Army Pacific Command (http://www.usarpac.army.mil/) (USARPAC)
LTG John M. Brown III
Fort Shafter, Hawaii
US Army Europe & 7th Army (http://www.hqusareur.army.mil/) (USAREUR) GEN B. B. Bell Campbell Barracks, Heidelberg, Germany
Army Central Command (http://www.arcent.army.mil/index.html) (ARCENT)
LTG David D. McKiernan
Fort McPherson, Georgia
Army Reserve Command (http://www.army.mil/usar/) (ARC)
LTG James R. Helmly
Fort McPherson, Georgia
Army National Guard (http://www.arng.army.mil/) (ARNG)
LTG Roger G. Schultz
Washington, D.C.

Fort Belvoir is a census-designated place located in Fairfax County, Virginia. ... State nickname: Old Dominion Other U.S. States Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Governor Mark R. Warner Official languages English Area 110,862 km² (35th)  - Land 102,642 km²  - Water 8,220 km² (7. ... Fort Belvoir is a census-designated place located in Fairfax County, Virginia. ... The U.S. Army Medical Department (MEDCOM) is composed of the fixed hospitals and dental facilities; preventive care, medical research, development and training institutions; and a veterinary command that provides food inspection and animal care services for the entire Department of Defense. ... Fort Sam Houston is a US Army base in Texas. ... State nickname: Lone Star State Other U.S. States Capital Austin Largest city Houston Governor Rick Perry Official languages None. ... TRADOC shoulder sleeve patch. ... Fort Monroe, Virginia (also known as Fortress Monroe) is a military installation located at Old Point Comfort on the tip of the Virginia Peninsula at the mouth of Hampton Roads on the Chesapeake Bay in eastern Virginia in the United States. ... Fort McPherson is a U.S. Army base located in southwest Atlanta, Georgia. ... Fort Sam Houston is a US Army base in Texas. ... Fort Bragg is a census-designated place and United States Army base, or post, in Cumberland County, North Carolina, near Fayetteville. ... State nickname: Tar Heel State Other U.S. States Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Governor Michael Easley Official languages English Area 139,509 km² (28th)  - Land 126,256 km²  - Water 13,227 km² (9. ... Fort Eustis is a military base facility of the United States military located in Newport News, Virginia. ... Newport News is an independent city located in Virginia. ... Arlington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia (which calls itself a commonwealth), directly across the Potomac River from Washington, DC. By an act of Congress July 9, 1846, the area south of the Potomac was returned to Virginia effective in 1847 As of 2000... The US Eighth Army is the commanding formation of all US Army troops in South Korea. ... The Yongsan Garrison is a US military base located in Seoul, South Korea. ... Fort Shafter is in Honolulu, Hawai‘i extending up the interfluve (ridgeline) between Kalihi and Moanalua valleys, as well as onto the coastal plain (as Shafter Flats) at Māpunapuna. ... General Burwell Baxter Bell III was born in Oak Ridge, Tennessee on 9 April 1947 and was commissioned upon graduation from the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga where he received his undergraduate degree in Business Administration. ... Fort McPherson is a U.S. Army base located in southwest Atlanta, Georgia. ... James R. Ron Helmly is a Lieutenant General in the United States Army, and the commander of the United States Army Reserve. ... Fort McPherson is a U.S. Army base located in southwest Atlanta, Georgia. ...

Formations of the United States Army

First Army "First In Deed" (Reserve) This is a list of Field Armies of the United States Army. ... The United States First Army was first activated in August 1918. ...

78th "Lightning" Division, Edison, NJ (Training Support)
1st Brigade (Training Support)
2nd Brigade (Training Support)
3rd Brigade (Training Support)
4th Brigade (Training Support)
5th Brigade "We Dare" (Training Support)
85th "Custer" Division (Training Support)
1st Brigade (Training Support)
2nd Brigade (Training Support)
3rd Brigade (Training Support)
4th Brigade (Training Support)
87th Division "Golden Acorn", Birmingham, AL (Training Support)
1st Brigade (Training Support)
2nd Brigade (Training Support)
3rd Brigade (Training Support)
4th Brigade (Training Support)
5th Brigade (Training Support)
Army Units
4th Cavalry Brigade (Training Support)
157th Infantry Brigade (Training Support)
188th Infantry Brigade (Training Support)
205th Infantry Brigade (Separate) (Light)

Third Army: Army Central Command (ARCENT) The 78th Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War I and World War II. World War I Activated: 27 August 1917. ... The 87th Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War I and World War II. World War I Saw no combat; was activated 25 August 1917, went overseas in September 1918, retained and was inactivated in January 1919. ... The US Third Army was first activated as a formation during the First World War. ...

C/JTF-Kuwait
ARCENT Kuwait
ARCENT Saudi
ARCENT Qatar
Army Prepositioned Stock (APS-3)
Army Prepositioned Stock (APS-5)

Fifth Army (Reserve) The US Fifth Army was one of the principal formations of the US Army in the Mediterranean during World War II. It was activated on 4 January 1943 and made responsible for the defence of Algeria and Morocco. ...

7th Infantry Division "Bayonets", Fort Carson, CO (Light)
39th Infantry Brigade (Light) (Separate)
41st Infantry Brigade (Light) (Separate)
45th Infantry Brigade (Light) (Separate)
75th Division, Houston, TX (Training Support)
1st Brigade (Training Support)
2nd Brigade (Training Support)
3rd Brigade (Training Support)
4th Brigade (Training Support)
91st Division, Houston, TX (Training Support)
1st Brigade (Training Support)
2nd Brigade (Training Support)
3rd Brigade (Training Support)
4th Brigade (Training Support)
Army Units
5th Armored Brigade (Training Support)
120th Infantry Brigade (Training Support)
166th Aviation Brigade (Training Support)
191st Infantry Brigade (Training Support)

Seventh Army: United States Army Europe Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 7th Infantry Division (Light). ... Fort Carson is a census-designated place and United States Army Base located in El Paso County, Colorado. ... The 75th Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War I and World War II. World War II Activated: 15 April 1943. ... The 91st Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War I and World War II. History The 91st Division has a proud history of military service dating back to World War 1. ... The Seventh United States Army, also known as USAREUR, is the main American force in Europe. ...

V Corps, Heidelberg, Germany
1st Infantry Division ("The Big Red One")
1st Armored DivsionWiesbaden, Germany

Eighth Army: Korea Patch of the United States Army 1st Infantry Division. ... Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 1st Armored Division, the Old Ironsides. ... Wiesbaden is a city in central Germany. ... The US Eighth Army is the commanding formation of all US Army troops in South Korea. ...

2nd Infantry Division ("Indian Head" Division)
25th Infantry Division (Light) ("Tropic Lightning")
I Corps, Fort Lewis, Washington ("America's Corps")
3rd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division (Light)
1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (Light)
III Corps, Fort Hood, Texas
1st Cavalry Division
4th Infantry Division (Mechanized)
--III Corps U.S. Army National Guard
7th Infantry Division (Light) ("Bayonet" Division)
XVIII Airborne Corps
3rd Infantry Division (Mechanized) ("Rock of the Marne")
1st Brigade "Raiders"
2nd Brigade "Spartan"
3rd Brigade ("Sledgehammer").
10th Mountain Division (Light)
1st Brigade
2nd Brigade
3rd Brigade
27th Brigade (Orions) — New York National Guard
82nd Airborne Division
82nd Aviation Brigade
325th Airborne Infantry Regiment
2nd Battalion 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment
3rd Battalion 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment
504th Parachute Infantry Regiment
1st Battalion 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment
3rd Battalion 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment
505th Parachute Infantry Regiment
1st Battalion 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment
2nd Battalion 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment
3rd Battalion 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment
101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) (Screaming Eagles) — Fort Campbell, Kentucky
101st Aviation Brigade
159th Aviation Brigade
327th Parchute Infantry Regiment ("Bastogne")
1st Battalion 327th PIR
2nd Battalion 327th PIR
3rd Battalion 327th PIR
502nd Parachute infantry Regiment ("Strike")
1st Battalion 502nd PIR
2nd Battalion 502nd PIR
3rd Battalion 502nd PIR
187th Parachute Infantry Regiment ("Rakkasans")
1st Battalion 187th PIR
2nd Battalion 187th PIR
3rd Battalion 187th PIR
XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery
18th Field Artillery Brigade
2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment
16th Military Police Brigade (Airborne)
18th Aviation Brigade (Airborne)
20th Engineer Brigade (Combat)(Airborne)
35th Signal Brigade (Airborne)
108th Air Defense Artillery Brigade
229th Aviation Regiment (Attack)
1-229th Attack Helicopter Battalion
3-229th Attack Helicopter Regiment
525th Military Intelligence Brigade (Airborne)

Patch of the United States Army 2nd Infantry Division. ... Patch of the United States Army 25th Infantry Division. ... Unit crest of the United States Army I Corps, Americas Corps. ... Fort Lewis is a census-designated place and U.S. Army military base located in Pierce County, Washington. ... For the III Corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War, see III Corps (ACW). ... Fort Hood is a census-designated place and US Army base located in Texas. ... Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 1st Cavalry Division. ... Patch of the United States Army Fourth Infantry Division (Mechanized). ... Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 7th Infantry Division (Light). ... Patch of the XVIII Airborne Corps. ... Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 3rd Infantry Division (Mechanized). ... Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry). ... The United States National Guard is a significant component of the United States armed forces military reserve. ... The 82nd Airborne Division of the United States Army was formed originally as the 82nd Infantry Division on August 25, 1917, at Camp Gordon, Georgia. ... Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 101st Airborne Division, the Screaming Eagles. ... Fort Campbell is a large post of the United States Army located approximately ten miles northwest of downtown Clarksville, Tennessee. ... State nickname: Bluegrass State Other U.S. States Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Governor Ernie Fletcher Official languages English Area 104,749 km² (37th)  - Land 102,989 km²  - Water 1,760 km² (1. ... Bastogne (Bastenaken) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Luxembourg in the Ardennes. ... Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment, Second Dragoons. ... Based in Ft. ... The introduction of this article does not provide enough context for readers unfamiliar with the subject. ...

Related Articles

Awards and decorations of the United States military are military decorations which recognize a service members service and personal accomplishments while a member of the United States armed forces. ... In the United States military, personal recognition is granted to service members by a number of awards and decorations. ...

See also

This is a list of links for U.S. Army bases and installations, organized by U.S. state or territory within the U.S. and by country if overseas. ... The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ... Special forces or special operations forces is a term used to describe relatively small military units raised and trained for reconnaissance, unconventional warfare and special operations. ... Comparative military ranks - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... United States Service Bands Each of the Branches of the U.S. Military, has a headquarters band organization in the Washington, D.C. area that consists of one or more bands and musical ensembles. ...

External links

  • Official website (http://www.army.mil)
  • Army Decorations - for Valor or Service (https://www.perscomonline.army.mil/tagd/tioh/Awards/Ribbons/OrderofPrecedence.htm)
  • Ranks and military uniforms of the United States (http://www2.powercom.net/~rokats/armyhome.html)
  • Army Formations (http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/index.html)

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Rise of an Anti-American Army in Iraq (1030 words)
The men are answering a call from a controversial young firebrand cleric to form an Islamic Shia army in defense of their religion and country, but also, many say, eventually to take on the occupiers from the United States and drive them from Iraq.
Hojatoleslam al-Sadr himself has stopped short of an explicit call for holy war against the Americans, but most volunteers said that their recruiters had left them in little doubt of what they were signing up for.
And clerics are adamant that the army's purpose is military.
United States Army - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (6007 words)
The Continental Army was formed on June 14, 1775, before the establishment of the United States, to meet the demands of the American Revolutionary War.
The Army of the United States was re-established for the Korean War and Vietnam War and was demobilized upon the suspension of the draft.
Although the present-day Army exists as an all volunteer force, augmented by Reserve and National Guard forces, measures exist for emergency expansion in the event of a catastrophic occurrence, such as a large scale attack against the US or the outbreak of a major global war.
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