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Encyclopedia > American River

The American River, located in the US state of California, has a prominent place in American history for being the site of Sutter's Mill, where gold was found in 1848, leading to the California Gold Rush. It runs from the Sierra Nevada mountains through Sacramento and flows into the Sacramento River on its way to San Francisco Bay. It is known for its whitewater rapids. Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 3rd 410,000 km² 402. ... Sutters Mill Sutters Mill was a sawmill owned by 19th century pioneer John Sutter. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The California Gold Rush was a period in American history marked by great world-wide interest concerning a gold discovery in Northern California. ... The Sierra Nevada is a mountain range that is almost entirely in eastern California. ... Nickname: City of Trees Motto: Official website: http://www. ... A spring at the Sacramento River headwater The Sacramento River is the longest river in the state of California. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate The San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining of approximately forty percent of California, flowing in Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... ...


The American River is divided into the North, Middle, and South Forks. The North and the Middle Forks come together at the confluence about 3 miles from Auburn, CA. From there, the river (the North Fork) meander down past the site of the controversial Auburn Dam to Folsom Lake. These rivers are popular for their verdant canyons, fishing and white water rafting. Below Folsom Lake, the river passes through an urbanized area but is buffered by a riparian park, the American River Parkway, that runs 23 miles (37 km) from Folsom Lake to the river's confluence with the Sacramento River. A confluence is the merger or meeting of two or more objects (or subjects) that seem to inseparably bind their respective forces or attributes into a point of junction. ...


The American River and its tributaries (like most of California's rivers) are extensively dammed and diverted for hydroelectricity production. The five power plants on the Middle Fork are owned by the Placer County Water Agency (PCWA) and the Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) owns eight plants on the South Fork. The SMUD plants are run on a peaking basis, although reservoir flood control capacity and minimum flow requirements impose some constraints on their operation. The Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) owns the Chili Bar power plant on the South Fork downstream from SMUD's plants. The U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (USBR) has two hydroelectric plants downstream at Folsom Dam and Nimbus Dam. The Bureau of Reclamation operates Nimbus as a base load plant and Folsom as an intermediate plant. Hydroelectricity is electricity obtained from hydropower. ... A power station (also power plant) is a facility for the generation of electric power. ... The Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) provides electricity to Sacramento County and a small portion of Placer County. ... Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) is the utility that provides natural gas and electricity to most of Northern California. ... The United States Bureau of Reclamation (Formerly the United States Reclamation Service) is a division of the U.S. Department of the Interior which oversees water development projects in the western United States. ... A base load power plant is one that provides a steady flow of power regardless of total power demand by the grid. ...


See also

The following is a partial listing of rivers in the state of California, United States of America. ...

External links

  • Sutter's Mill, aka Marshall Gold Discovery State Historic Park
  • Folsom Dam
  • Nimbus Dam
  • American River Parkway (Sacramento County)

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American River - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (345 words)
The American River, located in the US state of California, has a prominent place in American history for being the site of Sutter's Mill, where gold was found in 1848, leading to the California Gold Rush.
The American River is divided into the North, Middle, and South Forks.
Below Folsom Lake, the river passes through an urbanized area but is buffered by a riparian park, the American River Parkway, that runs 23 miles (37 km) from Folsom Lake to the river's confluence with the Sacramento River.
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