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Encyclopedia > American Motors

American Motors Corporation (AMC) was an American automobile company formed on January 14, 1954 by the merger of the Nash-Kelvinator Corporation and the Hudson Motor Car Company. At the time, it was the largest corporate merger in U.S. history, valued at US$198 million ($1.44 billion in 2006 dollars). Declining sales and a fiercely competitive auto market in the United States forced AMC to seek a partner in the late 1970s, which led to a tie-up with France's Renault in 1979. The arrangement lasted until March 2, 1987, when American Motors was purchased by the Chrysler Corporation, which discontinued the use of AMC and Renault brand names in the United States. The Jeep line was continued, as well as some of the models under the Eagle marque. is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kelvinator Appliance ad from 1951 Nash-Kelvinator Corporation was the result of a merger between Nash Motors and Kelvinator Appliance Company. ... Hudson Logo Hudson Six-40, 1914 1917 Hudson Phaeton The Hudson Motor Car Company made Hudson brand automobiles in Detroit, Michigan, from 1909 to 1957. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... Renault S.A. is a French vehicle manufacturer producing cars, vans, buses, tractors, and trucks. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... The Chrysler Corporation was a United States-based automobile manufacturer that existed independently from 1925–1998. ... Jeep is an automobile marque (and registered trademark) of DaimlerChrysler. ... Eagle was a marque of automobiles sold in the United States and Canada from 1988 to 1998. ...

Contents

Logo 1954-1969
Logo 1970-1987

Image File history File links 1958amclogo. ... Image File history File links 1958amclogo. ... Image File history File links AmericanMotors-logo_1970-1987. ... Image File history File links AmericanMotors-logo_1970-1987. ...

Formation

In January 1954, Nash-Kelvinator Corporation acquired the Hudson Motor Car Company (in what was called a merger) to form American Motors. When the merger was completed in the spring of 1954, Hudson's CEO, A.E. Barit was retained as a consultant and given a Board seat in the new company, and Nash's George W. Mason was made President and CEO of the new concern. Kelvinator Appliance ad from 1951 Nash-Kelvinator Corporation was the result of a merger between Nash Motors and Kelvinator Appliance Company. ... Hudson Logo Hudson Six-40, 1914 1917 Hudson Phaeton The Hudson Motor Car Company made Hudson brand automobiles in Detroit, Michigan, from 1909 to 1957. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Abraham Edward (A.E.) Barit1 (b. ... George Walter Mason (b. ...


Mason, the architect of the merger, believed that the only chance of survival for America's remaining independent automakers was for them to join forces in one large, multibrand auto giant, able to challenge General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler as an equal. Mason also entered into informal discussions with James J. Nance of Packard to outline his vision. Nance saw value in the concept, and interim plans were made for AMC to buy Packard Ultramatic automatic transmissions and Packard V8 engines for certain AMC products. General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... Ford Motor Company is an American multinational corporation and the worlds third largest automaker after Toyota and General Motors, based on worldwide vehicle sales. ... The Chrysler Corporation was a United States-based automobile manufacturer that existed independently from 1925–1998. ... James J. Nance, (b. ... Ultramatic was the trademarked name of Packard Motors Company automatic transmission introduced in 1950 and produced until 1956 at Packards Detroit, Michigan factory. ...


Packard did acquire Studebaker as planned, in 1954, and the resulting Studebaker-Packard Corporation (S-P) cooperated with AMC by making the new 308 cubic inch (5.1 L) Packard V8 engine and Packard's Ultramatic automatic transmission available to AMC, for its Nash Ambassador and Hudson Hornet models. However, Mason's death in 1954 placed George W. Romney at the helm of AMC and one of Romney's first official statements a week after Mason's death, as reported in October 25, 1954 edition of Time Magazine, was to announce that there would be no merger talks with Studebaker-Packard "at this time or in the foreseeable future." This announcement was most likely made in response to S-P President James Nance's refusal to consider any merger proposal in which he could not be in the top command position. This is considered to have been a matter of personalities, as Mason and Nance had formerly been competitors as heads of the Kelvinator and Hotpoint appliance companies, respectively. Romney agreed with Mason's commitment to buy S-P products; however, the understanding between Mason and Nance had been that S-P would endeavor to purchase parts from American Motors in return. S-P never lived up to its end of the gentleman's agreement. Consequently, Romney felt the Packard engines and transmissions were too expensive, and ordered AMC engineers to begin development of the company's own V8 engine. For better or worse, both would have to go it alone in the ever more competitive automobile market. By 1964, Studebaker production in the United States had ended (its Canadian operations closed in 1966) leaving only the Big Three, AMC and Kaiser Jeep remaining in the North American auto business. Packard was a United States based brand of automobile originally known as the Ohio Automobile Co. ... Studebakers Lazy S logo, designed by Raymond Loewy, was used from the 1950s until 1966 Studebaker Corporation, or simply Studebaker, was a United States wagon and automobile manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana. ... The Studebaker-Packard Corporation was the entity created by the purchase of the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana by the Packard Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan, in 1954. ... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders. ... Ultramatic was the trademarked name of Packard Motors Company automatic transmission introduced in 1950 and produced until 1956 at Packards Detroit, Michigan factory. ... George Wilcken Romney (July 8, 1907 – July 26, 1995) was chairman of the American Motors Corporation from 1954 to 1962 and was elected three times as the Republican Governor of Michigan from 1963 to 1969. ... October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ... American Motors produced a series of widely-used V8 engines before being absorbed into Chrysler. ... Kaiser Jeep was the result of the merger between the Kaiser-Frazer Corporation, an independent automobile manufacturing company based in Willow Run, Michigan, and the Toledo, Ohio-based Willys-Overland Company. ...


Product development in the 1950s

American Motors combined the Nash and the Hudson product lines under a common manufacturing strategy, while retaining both Nash and Hudson established dealer networks, beginning in 1955. The fast-selling Rambler model was sold under both the Nash and Hudson labels in 1955 and 1956, eventually becoming a marque in its own right, and the mainstay of the company. These badge-engineered Ramblers, along with similar Metropolitans, were identical, aside from hubcaps, nameplates, and a few other minor trim details. The pre-existing full-size Nash product line was continued and the Nash Statesman and Ambassador were heavily restyled to become the "new" Hudson Wasp and Hudson Hornet. The two cars, while sharing a common body shell, were quite distinct, perhaps even more than they should have been. They were at least as different from one another as Chevrolet and Pontiac, and in some ways more so. Hudsons and Nashes each used their own engines as they had previously: the Hudson Hornet continued to offer the famous 308 in³ (5 L) six that had been America's stock car racing champion a short time before, while the Wasp now used the engine of the former Hudson Jet. The Nash Ambassador and Statesman continued with their well-known overhead valve and L-head sixes, respectively. Hudson and Nash cars had different front suspensions, and the only sheet metal panels that interchanged between the two were the trunk lids. Even the rear window glass did not interchange. Dash panels, and even the braking systems were different. As noted earlier, the same Packard (and later American Motors) designed V8 engines were available in both Hudson Hornet and Wasp, and their Nash counterparts. Hudson aficionados disliked the soft handling and ride of the derisively nicknamed "Hash" models, but the cars did offer an improved ride and much better driver and passenger visibility, not to mention greater fuel economy due to the lighter weight of the Nash unitized body. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1850x1466, 352 KB) Nash Metropolitan Series 3 Source: Photographed at the Bay State Antique Automobile Clubs July 10, 2005 show at the Endicott Estate in Dedham, MA by User:Sfoskett File links The following pages link to this file: American... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1850x1466, 352 KB) Nash Metropolitan Series 3 Source: Photographed at the Bay State Antique Automobile Clubs July 10, 2005 show at the Endicott Estate in Dedham, MA by User:Sfoskett File links The following pages link to this file: American... The Nash Metropolitan was a subcompact car that was sold from 1954 to 1962. ... Badge engineering is a term that describes the rebadging of one model of car as another. ... The Nash Statesman (1949-1956) was the lower-priced version of the two main Nash automobile series, and was priced below the top-line Nash Ambassador. ... 1953 Hudson Wasp Hollywood Hardtop 1955 Hudson Wasp 1956 Hudson brochure shows the makes unique V-line styling that took its cues from the 1954 Hudson Italia and the 1931 Hudson Greater Eight The Hudson Wasp was an automobile produced by the Hudson Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan between... Advertisement for the 1954 Hudson Hornet The Hudson Hornet was an automobile produced by the Hudson Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan between 1951 and 1954. ...

1958 Rambler sedan
1958 Rambler sedan

For the 1958 model year, the Nash and Hudson brands were dropped in favor of the popular Rambler name, which now became a marque in its own right. The slow-selling, British-built Nash Metropolitan subcompact became its own standalone brand and continued on for a few more years, sharing showroom space with Rambler, finally being dropped after 1962. The prototype 1958 Nash Ambassador / Hudson Hornet, built on a stretched Rambler platform, was renamed at the last minute to "Ambassador by Rambler". To round out the model line, American Motors did something totally unheard of and never successfully duplicated to this day - they reintroduced the old 1955, 100 inch (2440 mm) wheelbase Nash Rambler as the new Rambler American with only a few modifications. This gave Rambler a compact lineup with 100 inch (American), 108 inch or 2743 mm (Rambler Six and Rebel V8), as well as rhe 117 inch or 2972 mm (Ambassador) wheelbase vehicles. Image File history File links 1958_Rambler_sedan_pink_and_white_NJ.jpg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): American Motors Rambler (automobile) ... Image File history File links 1958_Rambler_sedan_pink_and_white_NJ.jpg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): American Motors Rambler (automobile) ... The original Rambler was an automobile produced of the Thomas B. Jeffery Company then by its successor, Nash-Kelvinator Corporation and finally, by its successor, American Motors Corporation (all in Kenosha, Wisconsin). ... The Nash Metropolitan was a subcompact car that was sold from 1954 to 1962. ... An advertising image featuring the 1934 Nash Ambassador. ... Advertisement for the 1954 Hudson Hornet The Hudson Hornet was an automobile produced by the Hudson Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan between 1951 and 1954. ... The Nash Rambler was an American automobile produced by the Nash Motors division of Nash Kelvinator Corporation between 1950 and 1957. ... The original Rambler was an automobile produced of the Thomas B. Jeffery Company then by its successor, Nash-Kelvinator Corporation and finally, by its successor, American Motors Corporation (all in Kenosha, Wisconsin). ... 1959 Rambler Six sedan The Rambler Six was an intermediate sized automobile that was built and sold by American Motors Corporation (AMC). ... The Rambler Rebel was an automobile was a product by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) of Kenosha, Wisconsin between 1957 and 1961. ...


Under the leadership of George W. Romney, Rambler automobiles were among the best-known products among consumers. This was because Romney's vision focused solely on the compact car, a fuel-efficient vehicle twenty years before there was a real need for them.[1] Thus, while the "Big Three" were introducing ever larger cars AMC undertook a "dinosaur fighter" strategy. Romney became one of the first-high profile media savvy business executives. Moreover, AMC established two core strategic factors: (1) the use of shared components in AMC products and (2) a resistance to follow the restyling race of the Big Three. AMC could focus on cost controls and provide consumers a better value. Rambler became a synonym for solid economy cars. Critical Success Factor (CSF) is a business term for an element which is necessary for an organization or project to achieve its mission. ...


Changing focus in the 1960s

1969 American Motors AMX
1969 American Motors AMX

In an effort to stay competitive, American Motors produced a wide range of products during the 1960s. In the early part of the decade, sales were strong. In 1961, Ramblers ranked in third place among domestic automobile sales. Romney's strategic focus was very successful during the early 1960s as reflected in the firm's healthy profits year after year. The company became completely debt-free. However, in 1962, Romney resigned to run for Governor of Michigan. His replacement was Roy Abernethy, AMC's successful sales executive. Image File history File links 1969-amc. ... Image File history File links 1969-amc. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... Roy Abernethy (b. ...


Abernethy believed that AMC's reputation of building reliable economical cars could be translated into a new strategy that could follow AMC buyers as they traded up into larger, more expense vehicles. The first cars bearing his signature were the 1965 models. These were a longer Ambassador series and new convertibles for the larger models. During mid-year a fastback, called the Marlin, was added. Rather than competing directly with Ford's new pony-car, AMC's "family-sized" car emphasized personal-luxury. Abernethy also called for the de-emphasis of the Rambler brand. The 1966 Marlin and Ambassador lost their Rambler nameplates, and were badged as "American Motors" products. The new models shared fewer parts among each other and were more expensive to build. The continuing quest to match the "Big Three" with annual styling changes required large expenditures. A new line of redesigned cars in the full and mid-sized markets was launched in the fall of 1966. The cars won acclaim for their fluid styling, but Abernathy's ideas did not work as they only confused the firm's core customers. Sales of the new Rebel and Ambassador models dropped after their introduction. There were quality control problems, as well as persistent rumors of the company's demise because of its precarious cash flow. Saab 900 Convertible Convertible can also refer to a convertible (security) A convertible is an automobile with a folding, retracting, or removable roof. ... This 1968 Ford Mustang has a fastback body style. ... Cover of Motor Trend magazine, featuring 1965 Marlin The Marlin was a mid-sized fastback sporty car built by American Motors from 1965 to 1967. ... The pony car is a class of automobile launched and inspired by the Ford Mustang in 1964. ... Ford Thunderbird A personal luxury car is a highly styled, luxurious automobile intended for the comfort and satisfaction of its owner/driver, sacrificing passenger space, cargo capacity, and other practical concerns for the sake of style. ... 2001 BMW 750iL A full-size car is a term used in North America for an automobile larger than a mid-size car, usually having a wheelbase greater than 2. ... A mid-size car, frequently referred to as an intermediate, is an automobile with a size between that of a compact and a full-size or standard-size car. ...


Abernethy was ousted from AMC and damage control fell to the new CEO, Roy D. Chapin Jr. (son of Hudson Motors founder Roy D. Chapin). He quickly instituted changes to AMC's offerings and tried to regain market share. Chapin's first decision was to cut the price of the Rambler to within $200 of the basic Volkswagen Beetle. Innovative marketing ideas included making air conditioning standard on all 1968 Ambassador models (available as a delete option). This made AMC the first U.S. automaker to make air conditioning standard equipment on its cars, beating out all other makes; including luxury makes Lincoln, Imperial, and Cadillac. The company also introduced exciting entries for the decade's muscle car boom, most notably the AMX; while the Javelin served as the company's entrant into the sporty "pony car" market created by the Ford Mustang. Additional operating cash was derived in 1968 through the sale of Kelvinator Appliance, once one of the firm's core operating units. Roy D. Chapin Jr. ... Categories: People stubs | U.S. Secretaries of Commerce | 1880 births | 1936 deaths ... This article is about the original Volkswagen Beetle. ... Wikibooks has more about this subject: Marketing Look up marketing in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Note: in the broadest sense, air conditioning can refer to any form of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning. ... Lincoln is an American luxury automobile brand, operated under the Ford Motor Company. ... 1955 Imperial Imperial was the Chrysler Corporations prestige automobile brand between 1955 and 1975, with a brief reappearance in 1981-1983. ... Cadillac is a brand of luxury vehicles, part of General Motors, produced and mostly sold in the United States and Canada. ... The Pontiac GTO is a classic example of the muscle car. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 1973 AMC Javelin AMX Pierre Cardin edition The AMC Javelin was a sporty coupe_type automobile in the pony car class built by American Motors Corporation between 1968 and 1974. ... The Ford Mustang is an automobile produced by the Ford Motor Company, originally based on the Ford Falcon compact. ... Kelvinator Appliance ad from 1951 Kelvinator is an appliance company since 1994 owned by Electrolux of Sweden. ...


The Rambler brand was completely dropped after the 1969 model year in the U.S. and Canada, although it continued to be used in several overseas markets as either a model or brand name, with the last use in Mexico in 1983. From 1970, "AMC" was the brand used for all American Motors passenger cars; and all vehicles from that date bore the AMC name and the new corporate logo. However, the names "American Motors" and "AMC" were used interchangeably in corporate literature well into the 1980s. The branding issue was further complicated when the company's all-wheel drive passenger cars were initially marketed as the "American Eagle". Four wheel drive or 4x4, is a type of four wheeled vehicle drivetrain configuration that enables all four wheels to receive power from the engine simultaneously in order to provide maximum traction. ...


Chapin also expanded American Motors product line in 1970, through the purchase of the Kaiser-Jeep Corporation (formerly Willys-Overland) from Kaiser Industries. This added the iconic Jeep brand of light trucks and SUVs, as well as Kaiser-Jeep's lucrative government contracts - notably the M151 MUTT line of military Jeeps and the DJ-Series postal Jeeps. AMC also expanded its international network. The military and special products business was reconstituted as American Motors General Products Division, later reorganized as AM General. Willys (pronounced will-eeze) was the brand name used by the United States automobile company Willys-Overland Motors, best known for its production of military and civilian Jeeps. ... Kaiser Motors, a subsidiary of Kaiser Industries, was a manufacturer of automobiles in the United States from 1946 - 1963 based in Willow Run, Michigan (USA). ... Jeep is an automobile marque (and registered trademark) of DaimlerChrysler. ... M151 with top up and closed TOW missile being fired from M151A2. ... A USPS Truck at Night A U.S. Post Office sign The United States Postal Service (USPS) is the United States government organization responsible for providing postal service in the United States and is generally referred to as the post office. ... AM General is a heavy vehicle manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana and best known for the civilian Hummer and military Humm-Vee. ...


1970s developments

1970 Javelin SST
1970 Javelin SST

The 1970s started on a high note. In 1970, all passenger cars were consolidated under one distinct brand identity. It also marked the debut of the AMC Hornet range of compact cars. Image File history File links 1970_AMC_Javelin_SST_in_bitter_sweet_orange. ... Image File history File links 1970_AMC_Javelin_SST_in_bitter_sweet_orange. ... The AMC Hornet was a compact automobile made by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) beginning with the 1970 model year and continuing through the 1977 model year. ...


American Motors was an innovator in using the same platform for a variety of models, Thus, the new Hornet platform was used to create the first American-built subcompact - the AMC Gremlin. It was introduced on April 1, 1970. The Hornet went on to become American Motors' best-selling passenger car since the Rambler Classic, with more than 860,000 units sold before the end of production in 1977. The Gremlin wasn't far behind, with more than 670,000 sold from 1970-78. The AMC Gremlin was the first American subcompact car. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


The successful product launches of the Hornet and Gremlin convinced AMC to continue with new product developments. The new mid-sized AMC Matador arrived for 1971 as a replacement for the Rebel. AMC played on the lack of recognition of the name by using the advertising line "What's a Matador?" Starting in 1974, the Matador evolved into two distinct vehicles - conventionally boxy sedans and station wagons, and a radically styled two-door called the Matador Coupe. After 1975, the Matador sedan and wagon took the place of the discontinued Ambassador as AMC's flagship model. Nash and AMC made the Ambassador from 1927 to 1974, the longest used model name of any AMC product. 1974 Matador rebuilt as a replica of a Police Car from The Dukes of Hazzard Second generation 1975 Matador base model sedan The AMC Matador was an intermediate car built and sold by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) from 1971 to 1978. ...

1977 Matador Barcelona
1977 Matador Barcelona

Matador Coupe sales never lived up to expectations and its unique design meant it shared few components other than the suspension, drive train, some trim, and interior parts with the sedans. Most of the tooling for the sedans and wagons dated back to the 1967 Rambler Rebel and had long been paid for. Nevertheless, by 1978, sales of large-sized cars fell with the rising gasoline prices, and all Matador models were discontinued. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1470x720, 284 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): American Motors AMC Matador Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1470x720, 284 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): American Motors AMC Matador Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner...


The AMC Pacer, introduced in 1975, was an innovative gamble and another well-intentioned entry into the market AMC seemed to know best. The development of the Pacer prior to its 1975 introduction coincided with two developments in U.S. Federal passenger auto laws. The first, the reduction in allowed passenger auto engine emissions would have been met by the use of the Wankel type engine whose exterior compactness allowed for extensive engine bay emission control equipment. The second, increases in U.S. passenger auto safety laws was met by the designed-in safety features such as internal door beams. However, these safety features, the wide exterior and the extensive window glass caused the Pacer to be very heavy for its exterior length. The AMC Pacer was a two-door compact automobile produced in the United States by the American Motors Corporation between 1975 and 1980. ... Vehicle emissions inspection station Automobile emissions control covers all the technologies that are employed to reduce the air pollution-causing emissions produced by automobiles. ... Wankel Engine in Deutsches Museum Munich, Germany The Wankel rotary engine is a type of internal combustion engine, invented by German engineer Felix Wankel, which uses a rotor instead of reciprocating pistons. ... Car safety is the avoidance of car accidents or the minimization of harmful effects of accidents, in particular as pertaining to human life and health. ...

1975 AMC Pacer.
1975 AMC Pacer.

Billed as "the first wide small car", the Pacer was an attempt to build a subcompact car with the comfort of a full-sized one. To this end, the car was as wide as a typical Cadillac of the day, yet no longer than the Gremlin. This provided the same front seat space as a luxury car within the length of a typical compact. The Pacer was also unconventional with its bulbous, wrap around window glass, accounting for 35% of the car's surface area, thus eliminating blind spots. Among other unique features, the passenger door was four inches longer than the driver's door, to facilitate curbside back seat access. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 436 pixelsFull resolution (1320 × 720 pixel, file size: 274 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 436 pixelsFull resolution (1320 × 720 pixel, file size: 274 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Cadillac is a brand of luxury vehicles, part of General Motors, produced and mostly sold in the United States and Canada. ...


American Motors planned to use a General Motors-built Wankel rotary engine for the Pacer. However, with the advent of the Arab Oil Embargo energy crisis of 1973, GM promptly aborted their rotary engine development program due to, among others factors, the excessive fuel consumption of the Wankel engine compared to conventional piston engines with the same power output. Thus, AMC was stuck with a car that had no engine. They had to shoe-horn their own existing 232 and 258 in³ (4.2 L) AMC Straight-6 engines into the Pacer instead. The sixes offered better fuel economy than a rotary engine would have, yet resulted in relatively poor fuel economy in light of the new focus on energy efficiency. An attempt to provide a more fuel efficient option was to offer a US produced 121 in³ (2.0 L) 4 cylinder Volkswagen designed Audi engine which AMC produced for a short period under the AMC name (see below under engines). In addition, the Pacer was all-new except for the drive train, sharing virtually no components with other AMC cars. This made it expensive to produce, and when sales took a steep fall after the first two years, the manufacturing cost per vehicle skyrocketed. Two attempts to broaden the Pacer's appeal were made: an unusual station wagon variant was introduced, and the front end was re-styled with a raised-center hood in order to provide space to install AMC's V-8 engine. The failure of the Pacer and the Matador Coupe are often used as the reasons for AMC's ultimate demise, as their development and production costs drained corporate accounts of much needed capital which could have been used to update and modernize the already popular Hornet and Gremlin lines. General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... Wankel Engine in Deutsches Museum The Wankel engine is a type of internal combustion engine, invented by Felix Wankel, which uses a rotary piston instead of reciprocating pistons. ... This article or section should be merged with 1973 energy crisis On October 16th, 1973, as part of the political strategy that included the Yom Kippur War, OPEC cut production of oil, and placed an embargo on shipments of crude oil to the West, with the Netherlands, specifically targetted. ... The American Motors Corporation (AMC) straight-6 family of engines was used by a number of AMC and Jeep vehicles from 1964 through 2006. ... Volkswagen AG (ISIN: DE0007664005), or VW, is an automobile manufacturer based in Wolfsburg, Germany. ... {{Infobox Company | company_slogan = Vorsprung durch Technik (Advancement Through Technique) | Never Follow | company_name = Audi AG | company_logo = | company_type = Public (Xetra: NSU) | | foundation = 1909 | location_city = Ingolstadt | location_country = Germany | key_people = August Horch, Founder Rupert Stadler, Chairman | industry = Automotive | products = Luxury Automobiles, Engines | revenue = € 28. ...


Problems at AMC were compounded by an economic slump initiated by soaring energy prices, while large numbers of buyers turned to imported cars. The downturn was accompanied by automobile plants shutting down and domestic unemployment rising. In this light, the Pacer was dropped early in the 1980 model year. By that time, American Motors was on the brink of bankruptcy, forcing difficult cost-cutting. A new line of large prestige cars planned to replace the Matador was cancelled. The Hornet platform was redesigned to create the 1978 AMC Concord that targeted a new "premium compact" market segment with higher trim levels and equipment. The following year, the Spirit sedan replaced the Gremlin, while a new Spirit liftback model proved to be successful line extension. An automobile platform is a shared set of components common to a number of different automobiles. ... The AMC Concord was a compact car made by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) starting in the 1978 model year and continuing to 1983. ... AMC Spirit For 1979, the Spirit took the place of the Gremlin. ... A hatchback is a type of automobile design, consisting of a passenger cabin which includes an integrated cargo space, accessed from behind by a hatch or flip-up window. ...


Early 1980s and Renault links

The problems

The facelifts and rebranding of the company's aging line of cars was not a permanent fix, in spite of the initial sales success of its innovative models and marketing strategies. American Motors desperately needed truly new, modern products, but lacked the capital and resources to develop them. At the same time, the competitive landscape had dramatically changed. No longer was the threat limited to the Big Three automakers (General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler); it was now the Japanese demonstrating how to produce automobiles. The Japanese competitors not only targeted the heart of AMC's passenger product line of small cars, but also relied on outsourcing and Just In Time (JIT) supply chain for parts and components to their efficient brand new assembly plants now located in the United States. On the other hand, AMC struggled with its inefficient and aging Kenosha facilities. This was the oldest continuously operating automobile plant in the world, and production there required moving components and unfinished bodies across the city of Kenosha, Wisconsin. The big three is a term used to refer to three large powers or companies: // February 2: The Big Three of the WWII Allies at the Yalta Conference: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin. ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, is the worlds second largest auto company by sales revenue as of the first sales quarter of 2007 (behind Toyota Motor Company). ... Ford may mean a number of things: A ford is a river crossing. ... For other uses, including the Chrysler Brand, see Chrysler (disambiguation). ... Outsourcing became part of the business lexicon during the 1980s and often refers to the delegation of non-core operations from internal production to an external entity specializing in the management of that operation. ... Just In Time (JIT) is an inventory strategy implemented to improve the return on investment of a business by reducing in-process inventory and its associated costs. ... Nickname: K-town Keno Kenowhere Location of Kenosha within Wisconsin Coordinates: Country United States State Wisconsin Counties Kenosha Settled 1836 Government  - Mayor John M. Antaramian Population  - City 96,845  - Density  3,795. ...


The solution

The only alternative was to seek a partner to invest in the business. In 1979, AMC found a ready investor in the French automaker Renault. Under the terms of the American Motors-Renault alliance, the French company purchased a 5% interest in American Motors and provided US$135 million in the form of a loan to help shore up the business. In exchange, American Motors would act as the North American importer and distributor of Renault products, which would be sold through the existing AMC-Jeep dealer network. This was not the first time the two companies worked together. Lacking its own line of prestige models in the early 1960s, Renault assembled CKD kits and marketed Rambler cars in France. Renault S.A. is a French vehicle manufacturer producing cars, vans, buses, tractors, and trucks. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


In January 1982, Paul Tippett assumed the CEO's job and Jose Dedeurwaerder, a Renault executive, became the new president. The changes in top management came at a time when the domestic economy was sinking, forcing AMC into the worst of times. It even had to persuade its dealers just to stay open. Dedeurwaerder brought AMC a broad perspective at a critical time. As an engineer and an international business executive with 23 years at Renault, he is credited with streamlining many of AMC's arcane management techniques. Dedeurwaerder also instituted important improvements in plant layouts, as well as cost and quality control.[2] A new line of Renault-designed, modern front-wheel drive cars would be produced by American Motors at their Kenosha plant. Front-wheel drive is the most common form of engine/transmission layout used in modern passenger cars, where the engine drives the front wheels. ...


Alliance results

The first new product resulting from this partnership was the 1983 Renault Alliance. This was a front-wheel drive compact 4-door sedan was designed in France and adapted to American standards, that also added a 2-door version for North America. The Alliance won Motor Trend Car of the Year and other awards as its introduction coincided with an increased interest in small cars. A virtually identical hatchback version was also produced, badged as the Renault Encore. Due to the ever-worsening financial situation at American Motors, Renault was forced to increase their stake in the company several times to keep it solvent, reaching a 49% ownership in 1983. AMC's ownership by Renault ended its run as a truly American car company. 1984 Renault Alliance The Renault Alliance was a compact automobile built and marketed in North America by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) through its partnership with its majority owner Renault between 1983 and 1987, when the Chrysler Corporation acquired AMC. The Alliance was based upon the Renault 9/11, but... Motor Trend magazine was the first to give a Car of the Year award, doing so to a Chrysler in 1949. ... Peugeot 306 hatchback, with the hatch lifted and the parcel shelf tilted for access Not a hatchback: a fastback shape like this 2004 Bentley Continental GT can be confused with a true hatchback Hatchback is a term describing an automobile design, consisting of a passenger cabin with an integrated cargo... The Renault 9 and Renault 11 were compact automobiles produced by the French car manufacturer Renault between 1982 and 1988. ...

1981 AMC Eagle Wagon.
1981 AMC Eagle Wagon.

Following the 1983 model year, the AMC brand was pared down to a single model - the four wheel drive Eagle line. From that point on, the focus of the company would be on the Renault and Jeep brands. Introduced in 1980, the Eagle was a four-wheel drive car consisting of a Concord body shell mounted on an all-new platform developed by American Motors engineers during the late 1970s. The Eagle become one of AMC's best-known products and is considered to be one of the first "crossover SUVs". Under its familiar body, the Eagle featured some truly revolutionary engineering with its full-time all wheel drive system. Not surprisingly, most Eagles were sold in snow-prone areas. Per AMC tradition, sales were strong for the first year or two, then tapered off dramatically. Whatever the Eagle's merits, it may be that customers had simply grown tired of the styling, which dated back to the 1970 Hornet. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1426x927, 252 KB) Summary AMC Eagle wagon Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: American Motors Corporation Crossover SUV AMC Eagle ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1426x927, 252 KB) Summary AMC Eagle wagon Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: American Motors Corporation Crossover SUV AMC Eagle ... 1980 AMC Eagle drivetrain and suspension components. ... This article is missing citation of sources. ... A crossover SUV (also called CUV for Crossover Utility Vehicle) or XUV (not to be confused with GMCs Envoy XUV) is an automobile with a sport utility vehicle appearance but is built upon a more economical and fuel-efficient unibody construction. ...


Jeep benefits

More significant for the future of AMC was the introduction of a completely new line of compact Jeep Cherokee and Wagoneer models in 1983. These downsized Jeep vehicles quickly became popular and established a new market segment,defining the modern SUV. These vehicles initially used the AMC 2.5 L OHV four-cylinder engine with a carburetor and optionally a General Motors-built 2.8 L, carbureted V6. After 1986, throttle-body injection replaced the carburetor on the 2.5 L I4 engines. A Renault 2.1 L Turbo-Diesel I4 diesel was also offered. 1987 models used the "new" 4.0 L (242 in³) I6 engine, derived from the older 4.2 L (258 in³) I6 with a new head design and an electronic fuel injection system designed with help from Renault, utilizing Renault-Bendix (Renix) parts. The Jeep Cherokee is a name for three different SUV models produced from 1974 to the present: 1974–1983 Jeep Cherokee (SJ) full-size SUV 1984–2001 Jeep Cherokee (XJ) compact SUV 1993–present Jeep Grand Cherokee mid-size SUV 2002–present european version of Jeep Liberty mid-size SUV... 1976 AMC Jeep Wagoneer Jeep Wagoneer (XJ model) The Jeep Wagoneer was an early SUV, produced under varying marques from 1963 to 1991. ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... // Fuel injection is a means of metering fuel into an internal combustion engine. ...


One older design was kept - the Grand Wagoneer full-size luxury SUV and the related J-Series pickups continued to be built on the same chassis as the earlier SJ model Wagoneers and Cherokees that dated from 1963, with the AMC 360 in³ V8 (the engine and the Grand Wagoneer ceased production after 1991; the pickups were dropped after 1987). The AMC Concord and Spirit were dropped after 1983, with no replacements. The AMC Eagle was continued, and in station wagon form lasted into the 1988 model year. The final 1988 Eagle 4 wheel-drive wagon was built on December 14, 1987 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ...


1985 and the final buyout

Changes in the marketplace

1985 was a turning point for the company as the market moved away from AMC's small models. With fuel relatively cheap again, buyers turned to larger more powerful automobiles and AMC was unprepared for this development. Even the venerable Jeep CJ-5 was dropped after a 60 Minutes TV newsmagazine exposé of rollover tendencies under extreme conditions. AMC also confronted an angry work force. Labor was taking revenge, and reports circulated about sabotage of vehicles on the assembly lines because of the failure to receive promised wage increases. There were rumors that the aging Kenosha plant was about to be shut down. At the same time, Chrysler was having trouble meeting demand for its M-body rear-drive models (the Chrysler 5th Avenue, Dodge Diplomat and Plymouth Gran Fury) and reached an agreement with AMC to use some of Kenosha's idle plant capacity. Not to be confused with a BBC news magazine program of the same name. ...


Changes in management

These problems came in the midst of a transfer of power at AMC from Paul Tippet to a French executive, Pierre Semerena. The new management responded with tactical moves by selling the lawn care Wheel Horse Products Division and signing an agreement to build Jeeps in the People's Republic of China. The Pentagon had problems with AM General, a significant defense contractor. AMC's military equipment division was actually now managed by a partially French government owned firm. The US government would not allow a foreign government to own a significant portion of an important defense supplier. As a result, the profitable AM General Division was sold. Another milestone was the departure of Dick Teague, AMC's design vice president for 26 years. He was responsible for some of AMC's timelessly beautiful and advanced vehicles, as well as for some of its disappointments. This article is about the United States military building. ... AM General is a heavy vehicle manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana and best known for the civilian Hummer and military Humm-Vee. ... A defense contractor (sometimes called a military contractor) is a business organization or individual that provides products or services to a defense department of a government. ... Richard A. Teague was a principal designer for the American Motors company. ...


Problems at Renault

American Motors' major stockholder, Renault, itself was experiencing financial troubles of its own in France. The investment in AMC (including construction of a new Canadian assembly plant in Brampton, Ontario) forced cuts at home, resulting in the closure of several French plants and mass layoffs. Renault was down to just three alternatives regarding its American holdings: (1) They could declare AMC officially bankrupt thereby lose its investment; (2) They could come up with more money, but Renault management perceived AMC as a bottomless pit; or (3) AMC could be put up for sale and the French could get back part of their investment. Against these detractions, Renault's chairman, Georges Besse, continued to champion the French firm's future in the North American market. Furthermore, the newly built factory in Canada put on line, a thoroughly modern AMC engine and transmission was introduced, and Jeep vehicles were riding an unprecedented surge in demand. AMC was on the road to a profitable recovery. Nickname: Location in the Region of Peel, in the Province of Ontario Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario Region Peel Incorporation 1853 (village)   1873 (town)   1974 (city) Government  - Mayor Susan Fennell  - Governing Body Brampton City Council (click for members)  - MPs Navdeep Bains, Colleen Beaumier, Ruby Dhalla, Gurbax Malhi  - MPPs Vic Dhillon... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Notice of closure stuck on the door of a computer store the day after its parent company, Granville Technology Group Ltd, declared bankruptcy (strictly, put into administration - see text) in the UK. Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organizations to pay their... Georges Besse (born December 25, 1927 in Clermont-Ferrand, France, died November 17, 1986) was a French businessman who led several large state-controlled French companies during his lifetime. ... North America North America is a continent [1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ...


The assassination

Nevertheless, external events took a dismal cast for AMC. Apparently a target because of his high standing among French capitalists, Georges Besse was assassinated on November 17, 1986. A terrorist Maoist organization, Action Directe, later claimed his murder was retaliation for Besse's reorganization of the struggling firm. This tragedy allowed other Renault executives to push the parent company to sell AMC. The company's new president set out to repair employee relations and divest their investment in American Motors. Georges Besse (born December 25, 1927 in Clermont-Ferrand, France, died November 17, 1986) was a French businessman who led several large state-controlled French companies during his lifetime. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Maoism or Mao Zedong Thought (Chinese: 毛澤東思想, pinyin: Máo Zédōng Sīxiǎng), also called Marxism-Leninism–Mao Zedong Thought or Marxism-Leninism-Maoism (MLM), is a variant of communism derived from the teachings of Mao Zedong (1893&#8211... Action Directe can mean: the 1970s and 1980s French guerrilla group Action Directe; the rock climb Action Directe. ...


The earlier arrangement between Chrysler and AMC that led to AMC producing Chrysler's Dodge Diplomat, Plymouth Gran Fury and Chrysler Fifth Avenue cars became grist for the rumor mill that suggested Chrysler was about to buy AMC. In March 1987, after much discussion and several transatlantic meetings, Chrysler agreed to buy Renault's share and all of the remaining shares in AMC for US$1.1 billion. AMC became the Jeep/Eagle division of Chrysler. The strategy of Chrysler CEO, Lee Iacocca, was for his company (now flush with money) to capture the Jeep brand. It is rumored that the reason Iacocca wanted to acquire the Jeep brand was for the Grand Cherokee that was under development. The vehicle became an extremely profitable model for Chrysler, and the nameplate remains in production today. Moreover, he also recognized AMC's recently modernized factories were an opportunity for increasing his company's production capacity. AMC's persevering dealer organization was an additional benefit to Chrysler in strengthening their retail distribution, with a large number of dealers who once sold AMC products selling Chrysler products yet today, nearly 20 years since the buyout. Moreover, Chrysler quickly incorporated AMC's underrated organization and management talent. Many of the new leading Chrysler engineers and executives rose from AMC ranks. Chrysler profited from the resources it gained with the acquisition of AMC. The Dodge Diplomat was a mid-size car and it was manufactured from 1977 to 1989 by the Chrysler Corporations Dodge brand and practically identical to the Chrysler LeBaron of 1977, the Plymouth Caravelle sold in Canada, and the Plymouth Gran Fury from 1982. ... The Plymouth Gran Fury was an automobile manufactured by the Chrysler Corporation from 1975 to 1977, and again from 1982 to 1989. ... Fifth Avenue was a name used by Chrysler Corporation on its largest models from 1979 to 1993. ... Lido Anthony Lee Iacocca (born October 15, 1924) is an American industrialist most commonly known for his revival of the Chrysler brand in the 1980s when he was the CEO. Among the most widely recognized businessmen in the world, he was a passionate advocate of U.S. business exports during... The Jeep Grand Cherokee is a mid-size sport utility vehicle produced by the Jeep division of DaimlerChrysler. ... Capacity utilization is a concept in Economics which refers to the extent to which an enterprise or a nation actually uses its installed productive capacity. ...


The sale of American Motors came at an ironic time since the automotive press was very enthusiastic about the proposed 1988 lineup of Renault and Jeep vehicles, some even speculating AMC/Renault finally had a winning hand that could turn the company around.


After the sale of AMC, Renault departed from the North American market. However, it now has a vicarious presence through its investment in Nissan. Renault S.A. is a French vehicle manufacturer producing cars, vans, buses, tractors, and trucks. ... Nissan Motor Co. ...


Continuing business legacy

AMC was forced to constantly innovate for 33 years until it was absorbed by Chrysler in 1987. Moreover, the lessons learned from this experience were integrated into the company that bought AMC. The organization, strategies, as well as several key executives allowed Chrysler to gain an edge on the competition. Even today, the lessons gained from the AMC experience continue to provide benefits to other firms in the industry. There are a number of legacies from AMC's business strategies. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Innovative strategies

American Motors' ability to formulate strategies were often evaluated by industry critics as "strokes of brilliance".[3] According to Roy D. Chapin Jr., AMC realized they were up against the giants of the industry, so to compete successfully; they had to be able to move quickly and with ingenuity.[3] An essential strategy practiced by AMC was to rely on outside vendors to supply components in which they had differential advantages. This has finally been accepted in the US auto industry, but only after each of the Big Three experienced the failure of attempting to be self-sufficient. Another example of AMC's agility was the ability of management to squeeze money out of reluctant bankers, even in the face of bankruptcy. These core abilities helped save the company from collapse and after each obstacle, give it the wherewithal to keep it operating. Ironically, AMC was never stronger than just before its demise.[3] Roy D. Chapin Jr. ... Outsourcing became part of the business lexicon during the 1980s and often refers to the delegation of non-core operations from internal production to an external entity specializing in the management of that operation. ... Companies that compete by selling similar products (or even substitutes) to the same group of customers constitute an industry. ... Automakers are companies that produce automobiles. ... The big three is a term used to refer to three large powers or companies: // February 2: The Big Three of the WWII Allies at the Yalta Conference: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin. ... A companys core competency is the one thing that it can do better than its competitors. ...


Anticipate trends

AMC's managers anticipated important trends in the automotive industry. For example, it preached fuel efficiency long before auto buyers demanded it. AMC sought out partnerships in manufacturing and sales worldwide, decades before any of the international consolidations among automobile makers took place. AMC was first in seeking refuge with a foreign automaker, Renault, to keep operating. Although small in size, the company was able to introduce numerous innovations. Even one of AMC's most expensive new product investments (the Pacer) established many features that were later adopted by the auto industry worldwide. These included aerodynamic body design, space-efficient interiors, aircraft style doors, and a large greenhouse for visibility. AMC's four-wheel drive vehicles established the foundation for today's SUV market and the "classic" Jeep models continue to be the benchmark in this field. AMC was also effective in other areas such as marketing by introducing low rate financing. Chapin drew on his experiences as a hunter and fisherman and marketed the Jeep brand successfully to people with like interests. The brand developed a cult appeal that continues.[4]


Reviving Chrysler

According to Robert Lutz, former President of Chrysler, the AMC acquisition was a big and risky undertaking.[5] The purchase was part of Chrysler's strategic "retreat-cum-diversification" plan that he states did not have the right focus. Initially the goal was to obtain the world-renowned Jeep brand. However, Lutz discovered that the decision to buy AMC turned out to be a gold mine for Chrysler.[6] At that time, Chrysler's management was attempting to find a model to improve structure and operations: "something that would help get our minds unstuck and thinking beyond the old paradigms that we were so familiar with".[7] In this transformation, "Chrysler's acquisition of AMC was one of the all-time great moments in corporate serendipity" according to Lutz "that most definitely played a key role in demonstrating how to accomplish change".[8] Robert Bob A. Lutz (born February 12, 1932, in Zurich, Switzerland) is the General Motors Vice Chairman of Product Development and Chairman of GM North America, the worlds largest automaker. ...


According to Lutz (1993), while AMC had its share of problems, it was far from being a bunch of "brain-dead losers". He describes the "troops" at AMC as more like the Wake Island marines in battle, "with almost no resources, and fighting a vastly superior enemy, they were able to roll out an impressive succession of new products".[9] After first reacting with anger to the purchase, Chrysler managers soon anticipated the benefits. To further solidify the organizational competencies held by AMC, Lee Iacocca agreed to retain former AMC units, such as engineering, completely intact. In addition, AMC's lead engineer, François Castaing, was made head of all engineering at Chrysler. In an unthinkable strategic move, Castaing completely dismantled the entrenched Chrysler groups. In their place AMC's "platform team" were implemented. These were close-knit cross-functional groups responsible for the whole vehicle, as contrasted with Chrysler's highly functional structure. In this capacity, Castaing's strategy was to eliminate the corporate administrative overhead bureaucracy. This move shifted corporate culture and agitated veteran executives who believed that Chrysler's reputation as "the engineering company" was being destroyed. Yet, according to the popular press, by the 1980s Chrysler's reputation was totally shot, and by Lutz's view only dramatic action was going to change that.[10] In summary, Chrysler's purchase of AMC laid the critical foundation to help re-establish a strategy for its revival in the 1990s. François Castaing is a 27-year veteran automotive executive with Renault, American Motors, and Chrysler. ... An automobile platform is a shared set of components common to a number of different automobiles. ...


Lessons learned

Perhaps most interesting is that top managers at Chrysler after the AMC buyout appear to have made errors similar to those by AMC. For example, Chrysler invested heavily in new untested models while not keeping up its "bread and butter" lines. DaimlerChrysler has run into the same problem of having too many platforms. After the buyout of Chrysler, Mercedes Benz managers were protective of their designs and components. This created needless costs. They could have observed the experience of Nash and Hudson merger to help achieve manufacturing efficiencies and savings from component sharing. An automobile platform is a shared set of components common to a number of different automobiles. ...


The AMC beat also goes on at General Motors. GM recruited a new executive team to turn itself from near bankruptcy. Among the new strategists at GM is Lutz, who brought an understanding of the importance of passion in the product design. Lutz has implemented a new thinking at GM that incorporates the systems and structures that originated from AMC's lean and focused operations.[11] General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, is the worlds second largest auto company by sales revenue as of the first sales quarter of 2007 (behind Toyota Motor Company). ...


Renault implemented the lessons it learned from its investment in AMC. The French firm took a parallel approach as it did with its initial ownership of AMC and applied it to resurrect the money-losing Nissan automaker in Japan. Nissan Motor Co. ...


Legacy of products

Passenger automobiles

Chrysler revived the "Spirit" name dropped by AMC after 1983 for use on one of its A platform cars, (the Dodge Spirit) from 1989 to 1995. The planned Renault Medallion was sold as the Eagle Medallion in 1988 and 1989. A Renault/AMC concept, the Summit (slated to replace the Eagle station wagon), was produced by Mitsubishi Motors beginning in 1989. The planned all-new 1988 Renault Premier, a joint development effort between American Motors and Renault, and for which the Brampton Assembly plant (Brampton, Ontario) was built, was sold by Chrysler as the 1988-1992 Eagle Premier, with a rebadged Dodge Monaco variant available from 1990-1992. The full-sized Premier's platform was far more advanced than anything Chrysler was building at the time. After some re-engineering and a re-designation to Chrysler code LH, the Eagle Premier went on to form the backbone of Chrysler's passenger car lineup during the 1990s as the Chrysler Concorde (another revived AMC model name that was briefly used by Plymouth in the early 1950s), Chrysler New Yorker, Chrysler LHS, Dodge Intrepid, and Eagle Vision. The Chrysler 300M was likewise a Premier/LH-derived car and was initially to have been the next-generation Eagle Vision, until the Eagle brand was dropped after 1998. Chryslers A platform was the basis for rear wheel drive cars in the 1960s. ... 1993-95 Dodge Spirit The Dodge Spirit was introduced in January of 1989 as a mid-size 5/6 passenger sedan. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... The Eagle Medallion was a rebadged version of the Renault 21 built in France. ... Mitsubishi Motors Corporation ) is the fifth largest automaker in Japan and the thirteenth largest in the world by unit sales. ... Brampton Assembly is a DaimlerChrysler automobile factory in Brampton, Ontario, Canada. ... Nickname: Location in the Region of Peel, in the Province of Ontario Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario Region Peel Incorporation 1853 (village)   1873 (town)   1974 (city) Government  - Mayor Susan Fennell  - Governing Body Brampton City Council (click for members)  - MPs Navdeep Bains, Colleen Beaumier, Ruby Dhalla, Gurbax Malhi  - MPPs Vic Dhillon... Eagle Premier - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Dodge Monaco was a fullsize automobile built and sold by the Dodge division of the Chrysler Corporation (now DaimlerChrysler) between 1965 to 1978 and 1990 to 1992. ... 2001 BMW 750iL A full-size car is a term used in North America for an automobile larger than a mid-size car, usually having a wheelbase greater than 2. ... The Chrysler Concorde was a large four-door, full-size, front wheel drive sedan produced by Chrysler from 1993 to 2004. ... 1967 Chrysler New Yorker 1970 Chrysler New Yorker 2-door hardtop. ... The Chrysler LHS was a full-size, front wheel drive car based on Chryslers LH platform. ... The Dodge Intrepid was a large four-door, full-size, front-wheel drive sedan. ... The Eagle Vision was a large four-door, full-size, front-wheel drive sedan. ... 300M with redesigned grille For the 1999 model year, DaimlerChrysler revived the 300 name on the 300M. This time it was a front-wheel drive, V6 engined car using the Chrysler LH platform. ... Eagle was a marque of automobiles sold in the United States and Canada from 1988 to 1998. ...


Jeep vehicles

Jeep Comanche.
Jeep Comanche.

The American Motors-developed Jeeps survived for a long time under Chrysler. The Comanche pickup truck lasted until 1992, while the Cherokee remained until 2001 in the United States (the XJ Cherokee is still produced in China as the Cherokee 2500). Although it was not introduced until 1993, the Jeep Grand Cherokee was initially an AMC-developed vehicle. The 1997 through 2006 Jeep Wrangler is really a lightly updated development of the original American Motors-designed Wrangler introduced in 1986 for the 1987 model year. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1648x1052, 319 KB) Jeep Comanche Chief. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1648x1052, 319 KB) Jeep Comanche Chief. ... The Jeep Grand Cherokee is a mid-size sport utility vehicle produced by the Jeep division of DaimlerChrysler. ...


Other traces of AMC remain within the present-day DaimlerChrysler. AMC's Toledo, Ohio plants continue to turn out Jeep Wranglers and Libertys as well as parts and components for Chrysler, Dodge, and Jeep vehicles (although Toledo Machining and Forge is slated for closure as of 2005). AMC's main plant in Wisconsin is still active, albeit heavily downsized, as the Kenosha Engine Plant, producing engines for several Chrysler Group products, including the Wrangler. The 4.0 L engine was used until the 2006 model year by DaimlerChrysler in the Jeep Wrangler). AMC's technologically advanced Bramalea Assembly and Stamping Plants in Brampton, Ontario now produce the best-selling LX-cars - the Dodge Charger, Dodge Magnum, and the Chrysler 300. Kenosha is a city located in Kenosha County, Wisconsin. ... DaimlerChrysler AG (ISIN: DE0007100000) is a German car corporation and the worlds fifth largest car manufacturer. ... The Wrangler (also known as the YJ, TJ, and JK, as explained below) is a mini SUV produced by American automaker Chrysler under its Jeep marque. ... Nickname: Location in the Region of Peel, in the Province of Ontario Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario Region Peel Incorporation 1853 (village)   1873 (town)   1974 (city) Government  - Mayor Susan Fennell  - Governing Body Brampton City Council (click for members)  - MPs Navdeep Bains, Colleen Beaumier, Ruby Dhalla, Gurbax Malhi  - MPPs Vic Dhillon... The LX platform is Chryslers new full_size rear wheel drive automobile platform for the mid part of the 2000s. ... The Dodge Charger, in its current incarnation, is a rear-wheel drive full-size automobile built by the DaimlerChrysler corporation for its North American Dodge brand. ... The Dodge Magnum name has been used on a number of different automobiles. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...


AM General, sold by American Motors in 1982, is still in business building the likewise American Motors-designed High Mobility Multi-Wheel Vehicle (HMMWV - "Humvee") for the American and allied militaries. AM General also builds the civilian variant - the H1 - and a Chevrolet Tahoe-derived companion, the H2, under contract to General Motors, new owners of the civilian Hummer brand. The Chevrolet Tahoe (and similar GMC Yukon) is a full-size SUV from General Motors. ...


Collectibility

As numbers dwindle and prices for popular collector cars continue to rise, more collectors are turning to AMC vehicles. The "collector" models (Javelin, AMX, and performance versions such as the 1957 Rambler Rebel, 1965-67 Rambler Marlin, 1969 Hurst SC/Rambler, 1970 Rebel Machine, and 1971 Hornet SC/360) have always had a small but enthusiastic following, and their prices are rising with the increasing interest. Many AMC models are now considered "future collectibles" and often appear on bargain lists in American collector car magazines.


Epilogue

During its long history, American Motors bought, sold and spun-off many components. Some of these still exist today, albeit in vastly changed forms.

  • Kelvinator, the largely ignored half of Nash-Kelvinator, is essentially the last man standing. Sold off by American Motors in 1958 and now owned by Electrolux, the Kelvinator Company is still in business.
  • Jeep is now a brand of the Chrysler Group, a unit of DaimlerChrysler AG. Many Jeep models retained the mechanical specifications and styling cues that were developed by AMC well into the 1990s.
  • AM General survives and is now owned by MacAndrews & Forbes Holdings and the Renco Group. It was organized as an LLC in August 2004.
  • Wheel Horse Products Division is now owned by the Toro Company.
  • Beijing Jeep was established by AMC in 1983 to produce Jeeps for the burgeoning Chinese market; the joint venture was inherited by Chrysler and continues to this day under the ownership of DaimlerChrysler. AMC's trials with the venture were the subject of a fairly well-known book on the venture, "Beijing Jeep", by James Mann.

Many of the facilities used to produce American Motors vehicles and sub-assemblies are still in use. These include: Kelvinator Appliance ad from 1951 Kelvinator is an appliance company since 1994 owned by Electrolux of Sweden. ... This article is about the current worldwide manufacturer of Electrolux products. ... Jeep is an automobile marque (and registered trademark) of DaimlerChrysler. ... AM General is a heavy vehicle manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana and best known for the civilian Hummer and military Humm-Vee. ... The Toro Company (NYSE: TTC) is an American manufacturer of lawnmowers and other lawn care tools, founded in 1919. ... Beijing-Benz DaimlerChrysler Automotive Co Ltd is a 30-year joint venture between DaimlerChrysler and Beijing Automotive Industry Holding Corp. ... James Mann, senior writer-in-residence in the CSIS International Security Program, is the author of two books: Beijing Jeep (Simon & Schuster, 1989) and About Face: A History of Americas Curious Relationship With China From Nixon to Clinton (Knopf, 1999). ...

  • Plymouth Road Office Center located at 14250 Plymouth Road in Detroit, was originally built in 1926-27 by the Electric Refrigeration Corporation (Kelvinator). The original 600,000 square foot three-story plant facility and four-story administration building (with distinctive tower -- the NK logo has since been removed) was rebadged and home to Nash-Kelvinator from 1937-1954, and AMC World Headquarters from 1954-1987.
    • In the late 1940s, it was known as the Kelvinator Factory and General Administration Building, and produced refrigerators, electric ranges, and commercial refrigeration. Also airplane propellers were produced for the Defense Department during World War II.
    • During World War II, the Defense Department contracted with Nash-Kelvinator to produce 900 R-6 helicopters. As part of that contract, a 4 1/2 acre site north of the factory was used as the smallest airport in the world, as a testing facility. Nash-Kelvinator produced about 50 R-6s a month during the war, and when the contract was terminated at the end of the war, only 262 helicopters had actually been completed. An additional 20 were left in various stages of completion on the assembly line.
    • Today, the Plymouth Road Office Center is home to DaimlerChrysler Jeep and (Dodge) Truck Engineering, or JTE. Engineering of Jeep and Dodge Truck (BoF or Body on Frame) platforms is performed there, as well as testing facilities and labs.
  • Toledo North and South Assembly Plants - still in use by DaimlerChrysler. Still visible on most of the signage on the outside of the factories are areas where Chrysler painted over the AMC logo.
  • Toledo Machining and Forge [12] - still in use by DaimlerChrysler
  • Brampton (formerly Bramalea) Assembly and Satellite Stamping Plants.[13][14] - still in use by DaimlerChrysler. AMC designed this $260 million, 2,500,000 square foot plant, which was operational by 1986.[15] This plant was designed and built by AMC for the specific purpose of building the Eagle Premier. Like the older Brampton plant (below), this facility was also part of American Motors Canada, Inc., and with the Chrysler buy-out in 1987, became part of Chrysler Canada Limited. The plant currently builds the LX series of vehicles including the Chrysler 300, Dodge Magnum and Dodge Charger.
  • Kenosha Engine Plant - still in use by DaimlerChrysler.[16]
  • American Center - AMC's corporate headquarters in Southfield, Michigan is still standing,[17] still open, and still called "American Center". The original "American Center" signage at the top of the building remained until 2005, although the AMC logo has been removed. The signage has since been changed to Charter One. The 25-story building is rented to several different organizations and companies as office space. None of the office space is occupied by DaimlerChrysler or any other entity related to AMC.
  • Canadian Fabricated Products Ltd. - An AMC division (part of AMC Canada, Ltd.) in Stratford, Ontario; established 1971 and sold post-buyout by DaimlerChrysler in 1994; produced automotive interior trim.[18]
  • Guelph Products - An AMC division (also part of AMC Canada, Ltd.) in Guelph, Ontario; opened in 1987, and subsequently sold by Chrysler in early 1993; the operation supplied moulded plastic components to the Brampton Assembly Plant.[18]
  • Coleman Products Corporation - An AMC subsidiary in Coleman, Wisconsin. Manufactured automotive wiring harnesses for AMC and other automakers.
  • Evart Plastics - An AMC subsidiary in Evart, Indiana. Manufactured injection-molded plastic parts (notably, grilles) for AMC and other automakers.


At least one major AMC operation is now completely defunct: Brampton Assembly is a DaimlerChrysler automobile factory in Brampton, Ontario, Canada. ... Eagle Premier - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The American Center is a high-rise tower in Southfield, Michigan. ... Southfield is a city in Oakland County of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Charter One was a Cleveland-based bank that was acquired in 2004 by Citizens Financial Group. ... Nickname: Motto: Faith, Fidelity and Progress Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario County Wellington County City Wards There are 6 Wards Founded April 23, 1827 Incorporated April 23, 1879 Government  - Mayor Karen Farbridge (elected November 2006)  - Governing Body Guelph City Council  - MPs Brenda Chamberlain (LPC)  - MPPs Liz Sandals (OLP) Area  - City... Coleman is a village located in Marinette County, Wisconsin. ...

  • Holmes Foundry, Ltd. - AMC's block casting facility located in Sarnia, Ontario, Canada. The plant was acquired by AMC in 1970, and was subsequently closed in 1988). Beginning in 1962, AMC contracted with Holmes Foundry[19] of Sarnia, Ontario, to supply AMC with cylinder block castings. Holmes was established in 1918, by Mr. J. S. Blunt, and was called Holmes Blunt Limited. In those early years, Ford Motor Company contracted the plant for a steady supply of engine casting blocks. American Motors acquired twenty-five percent interest in the foundry in January of 1966. In July of 1970, AMC acquired 100% of Holmes Foundry. However, it was not until October of 1981 that Holmes Foundry finally became a Division of American Motors, Canada. Chrysler Corporation took ownership of the Holmes facility and its manufacturing business in 1987 as part of its acquisition of AMC; but closed the operation on September 16, 1988. The industrial facilities were cleaned of their environmental contaminants in 2005, in preparation for a new highway interchange to be built on the site.

Former Factory Facilities Sarnia is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada (city population 71,419, census area population 88,793, in 2006). ... The cylinder block of a Ford I4 DOHC engine The cylinder block or engine block is a machined casting (or sometimes an assembly of modules) containing cylindrically bored holes for the pistons of a multi-cylinder reciprocating internal combustion engine, or for a similarly constructed device such as a pump. ... Ford Motor Company is an American multinational corporation and the worlds third largest automaker after Toyota and General Motors, based on worldwide vehicle sales. ... A foundry is a factory which produces castings of metal, both ferrous and non-ferrous. ... It has been suggested that Externality be merged into this article or section. ...

  • Danforth Ave (Toronto, Ontario) Plant - Inherited from Nash. This plant was purchased by Nash from Ford of Canada in 1946. The first Canadian-built Nash rolled off the line in April, 1950. Upon the formation of American Motors in 1954, the plant assembled 1955 Nash and Hudson Ramblers (2 and 4 door sedans); as well as Nash Canadian Statesman and Hudson Wasp (4 door sedans). In 1956, the plant continued to assemble Nash and Hudson Rambler (4 door sedans and wagons) and the Nash Canadian Statesman (4 door sedan); but The Hudson Wasp was imported. That same year, American Motors Sales (Canada) Limited was formed - taking over Nash Motors of Canada Limited and Hudson Motors of Canada Limited. In 1957, AMC assembled the Rambler 6 and Rambler Rebel V8 at the Danforth plant; but in July, 1957, AMC closed the plant and imported Ramblers into Canada until 1961.
  • Tilbury, Ontario Assembly Plant - Another plant AMC inherited from the 1954 merger; this one via Hudson. Specifically, it was a contract with CHATCO Steel Products which actually owned the plant. AMC ceased Hudson production at the Tilbury plant in 1955.
  • Brampton Assembly Plant - AMC opened a plant in 1960 in Brampton, Ontario, Canada, and was part of American Motors Canada, Inc. In 1987, with the Chrysler buy-out, the division and the plant were absorbed as well, becoming part of Chrysler Canada Limited. The plant was closed in 1994 and sold to Wal-Mart for use as their Canadian warehouse. Note that this is a separate facility from the current Brampton (formerly Bramalea) Assembly and Satellite Stamping Plants nearby.
  • South Charleston Stamping Plant - Owned by Park Corporation of Cleveland, OH since 1969. While AMC leased it, the plant stamped steel automotive parts. The plant was later leased to other auto companies. The plant was in the news in October 2006 as the most recent tenant, Union Stamping and Assembly, declared bankruptcy. [20]

Tilbury (2001 population 4,534) is a community west of Chatham and east of Windsor in the municipality of Chatham-Kent, Ontario, Canada. ... Brampton Assembly is a DaimlerChrysler automobile factory in Brampton, Ontario, Canada. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Oh can refer to: An abbreviation for the U.S. State of Ohio. ...

American Motors in popular culture

The company was famous for being the underdog independent among the "Big Three" giant U.S. automakers, which was a cause for analogies in other environments. It differentiated itself with unique products and market positioning throughout its history. Its products have been referenced, shown, used, and even spoofed in all forms of media during its existence, as well as after Chrysler's buyout. A few examples of multiple AMC models playing major roles in movies include the following:

Flemings image of James Bond; commissioned to aid the Daily Express comic strip artists. ... The Man with the Golden Gun is the ninth film in the James Bond series and the second to star Roger Moore as MI6 agent James Bond. ... 1974 Matador rebuilt as a replica of a Police Car from The Dukes of Hazzard Second generation 1975 Matador base model sedan The AMC Matador was an intermediate car built and sold by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) from 1971 to 1978. ... The AMC Hornet was a compact automobile made by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) beginning with the 1970 model year and continuing through the 1977 model year. ... The Betsy is a 1978 film starring Laurence Olivier and Tommy Lee Jones. ... The AMC Concord was a compact car made by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) starting in the 1978 model year and continuing to 1983. ... AMC Spirit For 1979, the Spirit took the place of the Gremlin. ... Lightning McQueen and Mater in a screenshot from the upcoming film Cars will be the seventh Pixar film and is scheduled for release June 9, 2006. ... Advertisement for the 1954 Hudson Hornet The Hudson Hornet was an automobile produced by the Hudson Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan between 1951 and 1954. ... Jeep is an automobile marque (and registered trademark) of DaimlerChrysler. ... The Eagle Talon was a sports car sold by the Eagle division of Chrysler. ... 1959 Ambassador by Rambler Cross Country hardtop wagon The AMC Ambassador was an automobile produced by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) from 1958 until 1974. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...

AMC models and products

Subcompact

* - The Metropolitan was introduced by Nash in 1954.
** - The Gremlin was the company's first modern subcompact. The Nash Metropolitan was a subcompact car that was sold from 1954 to 1962. ... The AMC Gremlin was the first American subcompact car. ... AMC Spirit For 1979, the Spirit took the place of the Gremlin. ... 1980 AMC Eagle drivetrain and suspension components. ... The Renault 9 and Renault 11 were compact automobiles produced by the French car manufacturer Renault between 1982 and 1988. ... The Renault 9 and Renault 11 were compact automobiles produced by the French car manufacturer Renault between 1982 and 1988. ... The Renault 9 and Renault 11 were compact automobiles produced by the French car manufacturer Renault between 1982 and 1988. ... The Renault 9 and Renault 11 were compact automobiles produced by the French car manufacturer Renault between 1982 and 1988. ...


Compact

The original Rambler was an automobile produced of the Thomas B. Jeffery Company then by its successor, Nash-Kelvinator Corporation and finally, by its successor, American Motors Corporation (all in Kenosha, Wisconsin). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 1973 AMC Javelin AMX Pierre Cardin edition The AMC Javelin was a sporty coupe_type automobile in the pony car class built by American Motors Corporation between 1968 and 1974. ... The AMC Hornet was a compact automobile made by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) beginning with the 1970 model year and continuing through the 1977 model year. ... The AMC Pacer was a two-door compact automobile produced in the United States by the American Motors Corporation between 1975 and 1980. ... The AMC Concord was a compact car made by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) starting in the 1978 model year and continuing to 1983. ... 1980 AMC Eagle drivetrain and suspension components. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... The Renault 21 was a midsize car built by the French manufacturer Renault between 1986 and 1994. ...

Mid-size

1959 Ambassador by Rambler Cross Country hardtop wagon The AMC Ambassador was an automobile produced by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) from 1958 until 1974. ... 1959 Ambassador by Rambler Cross Country hardtop wagon The AMC Ambassador was an automobile produced by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) from 1958 until 1974. ... The Rambler Classic was an intermediate sized automobile that was built and sold by American Motors Corporation from 1961 to 1966. ... Cover of Motor Trend magazine, featuring 1965 Marlin The Marlin was a mid-sized fastback sporty car built by American Motors from 1965 to 1967. ... Cover of Motor Trend magazine, featuring 1965 Marlin The Marlin was a mid-sized fastback sporty car built by American Motors from 1965 to 1967. ... 1969 AMC Rebel sedan The AMC Rebel (known as the Rambler Rebel in 1967) was an intermediate car produced from 1967 to 1970. ... 1974 Matador rebuilt as a replica of a Police Car from The Dukes of Hazzard Second generation 1975 Matador base model sedan The AMC Matador was an intermediate car built and sold by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) from 1971 to 1978. ... The AMC Borgward Isabella was a short-lived Mexican automobile manufactured for one year only, 1979. ...

Full size

1959 Ambassador by Rambler Cross Country hardtop wagon The AMC Ambassador was an automobile produced by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) from 1958 until 1974. ... Cover of Motor Trend magazine, featuring 1965 Marlin The Marlin was a mid-sized fastback sporty car built by American Motors from 1965 to 1967. ... Eagle Premier - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...

Engines used by AMC

  • 1953-1956:
    • 250 in³ (4.1 L) AMC V8
    • 252 in³ (4.1 L) Nash I6
    • 184 in³ (3 L) Nash I6 (Rambler)
    • 320 in³ (5.2 L) Packard V8
    • 352 in³ (5.8 L) Packard V8
  • 1956-1966:
    • 287 in³ (4.7 L) AMC V8
    • 327 in³ (5.4 L) AMC V8 (used by Kaiser until its acquisition in 1970)
    • 196 in³ (3.2 L) Rambler I6 (L head and OHV version)
    • 199 in³ (3.3 L) Typhoon Six I6
  • 1967-1970:
    • 199 in³ (3.3 L) Typhoon Six I6
    • 232 in³ (3.8 L) Typhoon Six I6
    • 290 in³ (4.8 L) (Ending in 1969)AMC V8
    • 304 in³ (5.0 L) (Beginning in 1970)AMC V8
    • 343 in³ (5.6 L) (Ending in 1969)AMC V8
    • 360 in³ (5.9 L) (Beginning in 1970)AMC V8
    • 390 in³ (6.4 L) AMC V8
  • 1971-1980:
    • 121 in³ (2.0 L) AMC I4 1
    • 232 in³ (3.8 L) AMC I6
    • 258 in³ (4.2 L) AMC I6
    • 304 in³ (5.0 L) (Beginning in 1970)AMC V8
    • 360 in³ (5.9 L) (Beginning in 1970)AMC V8
    • 401 in³ (6.6 L) AMC V8

(In cars, 401 discontinued in 1974, 360 in 1978, 304 and 232 in 1980) American Motors produced a series of widely-used V8 engines before being absorbed into Chrysler. ... The Packard family coat of arms, adopted as the companys logo in 1928 Packard red hexagon wheel hub center made its debut in 1905, with the color red added in 1913 Packard was a United States based brand of luxury automobile built by the Packard Motor Car Company of... The Packard family coat of arms, adopted as the companys logo in 1928 Packard red hexagon wheel hub center made its debut in 1905, with the color red added in 1913 Packard was a United States based brand of luxury automobile built by the Packard Motor Car Company of... American Motors produced a series of widely-used V8 engines before being absorbed into Chrysler. ... American Motors produced a series of widely-used V8 engines before being absorbed into Chrysler. ... The American Motors Corporation (AMC) straight-6 family of engines was used by a number of AMC and Jeep vehicles from 1964 through 2006. ... The American Motors Corporation (AMC) straight-6 family of engines was used by a number of AMC and Jeep vehicles from 1964 through 2006. ... The American Motors Corporation (AMC) straight-6 family of engines was used by a number of AMC and Jeep vehicles from 1964 through 2006. ... The American Motors Corporation (AMC) straight-6 family of engines was used by a number of AMC and Jeep vehicles from 1964 through 2006. ... American Motors produced a series of widely-used V8 engines before being absorbed into Chrysler. ... American Motors produced a series of widely-used V8 engines before being absorbed into Chrysler. ... American Motors produced a series of widely-used V8 engines before being absorbed into Chrysler. ... American Motors produced a series of widely-used V8 engines before being absorbed into Chrysler. ... American Motors produced a series of widely-used V8 engines before being absorbed into Chrysler. ... Volkswagen AG (ISIN: DE0007664005), or VW, is an automobile manufacturer based in Wolfsburg, Germany. ... The American Motors Corporation (AMC) straight-6 family of engines was used by a number of AMC and Jeep vehicles from 1964 through 2006. ... The American Motors Corporation (AMC) straight-6 family of engines was used by a number of AMC and Jeep vehicles from 1964 through 2006. ... American Motors produced a series of widely-used V8 engines before being absorbed into Chrysler. ... American Motors produced a series of widely-used V8 engines before being absorbed into Chrysler. ... American Motors produced a series of widely-used V8 engines before being absorbed into Chrysler. ...

  • 1980-1983:
  • 1984-1986:
    • 150 in³ (2.5 L) AMC I4
    • 258 in³ (4.2 L) AMC I6
  • 1987:
    • 150 in³ (2.5 L) AMC I4
    • 242 in³ (4.0 L) AMC I6

Also: Kaiser Jeeps used the AMC 327, Buick 225 ("Dauntless V6"), Buick 350 ("Dauntless V8"), Willys 134 I4 ("Hurricane"). Pontiac is a marque of automobile produced by General Motors and sold in the United States, Canada and Mexico from 1926 to the present. ... The Iron Duke (also called the 2500, 151, Pontiac 2. ... The American Motors Corporation (AMC) straight-6 family of engines was used by a number of AMC and Jeep vehicles from 1964 through 2006. ... The American Motors Corporation straight-4 engine was used by a number of AMC, Jeep, and Dodge vehicles from 1984 through 2002. ... The American Motors Corporation (AMC) straight-6 family of engines was used by a number of AMC and Jeep vehicles from 1964 through 2006. ... The American Motors Corporation straight-4 engine was used by a number of AMC, Jeep, and Dodge vehicles from 1984 through 2002. ... The American Motors Corporation (AMC) straight-6 family of engines was used by a number of AMC and Jeep vehicles from 1964 through 2006. ...


1 AMC contracted with Volkswagen to buy tooling for the Audi 2.0 L OHC I4. Major parts (block, crankshaft, head assembly) were initially purchased from Audi and shipped to the U.S. where final assembly was accomplished by AMC at a plant purchased specifically for production of this engine. Sales never reached numbers to justify taking over total production. AMC made several changes to the engine. They were prevented from using the Volkswagen or Audi names in association with the AMC assembled version by contractual agreement.


Timeline of AMC automobiles

American Motors Corporation
1954-1987

Historic vehicles: AMC Gremlin A subcompact car is an automobile in a vehicle size class smaller than a compact car but larger than a city car (and known as superminis in Europe). ... The AMC Gremlin was the first American subcompact car. ... AMC Spirit For 1979, the Spirit took the place of the Gremlin. ... The Renault 9 and Renault 11 were compact automobiles produced by the French car manufacturer Renault between 1982 and 1988. ... The Rambler American introduced in the late 1950s was an early compact car. ... The Nash Rambler was an American automobile produced by the Nash Motors division of Nash Kelvinator Corporation between 1950 and 1957. ... The original Rambler was an automobile produced of the Thomas B. Jeffery Company then by its successor, Nash-Kelvinator Corporation and finally, by its successor, American Motors Corporation (all in Kenosha, Wisconsin). ... The AMC Hornet was a compact automobile made by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) beginning with the 1970 model year and continuing through the 1977 model year. ... The AMC Concord was a compact car made by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) starting in the 1978 model year and continuing to 1983. ... 1954 Hudson Super Jet The Hudson Jet was a compact automobile produced by the Hudson Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan during the 1953 and 1954 model years. ... The AMC Pacer was a two-door compact automobile produced in the United States by the American Motors Corporation between 1975 and 1980. ... 1984 Renault Alliance The Renault Alliance was a compact automobile built and marketed in North America by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) through its partnership with its majority owner Renault between 1983 and 1987, when the Chrysler Corporation acquired AMC. The Alliance was based upon the Renault 9/11, but... A mid-size car, frequently referred to as an intermediate, is an automobile with a size between that of a compact and a full-size or standard-size car. ... 1959 Rambler Six sedan The Rambler Six was an intermediate sized automobile that was built and sold by American Motors Corporation (AMC). ... The Rambler Classic was an intermediate sized automobile that was built and sold by American Motors Corporation from 1961 to 1966. ... 1969 AMC Rebel sedan The AMC Rebel (known as the Rambler Rebel in 1967) was an intermediate car produced from 1967 to 1970. ... 1974 Matador rebuilt as a replica of a Police Car from The Dukes of Hazzard Second generation 1975 Matador base model sedan The AMC Matador was an intermediate car built and sold by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) from 1971 to 1978. ... The Rambler Rebel was an automobile was a product by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) of Kenosha, Wisconsin between 1957 and 1961. ... Cover of Motor Trend magazine, featuring 1965 Marlin The Marlin was a mid-sized fastback sporty car built by American Motors from 1965 to 1967. ... 1974 Matador rebuilt as a replica of a Police Car from The Dukes of Hazzard Second generation 1975 Matador base model sedan The AMC Matador was an intermediate car built and sold by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) from 1971 to 1978. ... 2001 BMW 750iL A full-size car is a term used in North America for an automobile larger than a mid-size car, usually having a wheelbase greater than 2. ... An advertising image featuring the 1934 Nash Ambassador. ... 1959 Ambassador by Rambler Cross Country hardtop wagon The AMC Ambassador was an automobile produced by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) from 1958 until 1974. ... Eagle Premier - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Hudson Logo Hudson Six-40, 1914 1917 Hudson Phaeton The Hudson Motor Car Company made Hudson brand automobiles in Detroit, Michigan, from 1909 to 1957. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 1973 AMC Javelin AMX Pierre Cardin edition The AMC Javelin was a sporty coupe_type automobile in the pony car class built by American Motors Corporation between 1968 and 1974. ... A crossover SUV (also called CUV for Crossover Utility Vehicle) or XUV (not to be confused with GMCs Envoy XUV) is an automobile with a sport utility vehicle appearance but is built upon a more economical and fuel-efficient unibody construction. ... 1980 AMC Eagle drivetrain and suspension components. ... A fourth-generation (2006-) Ford Explorer, the best-selling mid-size SUV in the United States. ... Jeep is an automobile marque (and registered trademark) of DaimlerChrysler. ... Captive import is an automobile marketing term denoting a foreign-built vehicle which is sold and serviced by a domestic manufacturer through its own dealer body. ... A late-1950s Metropolitan The Nash Metropolitan, also sold under the Hudson, AMC and Austin marques, was a very small commuter/shopping subcompact car sold between 1954 and 1962. ... The Renault 5 was a supermini produced by the French manufacturer Renault in two generations between 1972 and 1996. ... The Renault 18 is a large family car produced by French manufacturer Renault between 1978 and 1993. ... The Eagle Medallion was a rebadged version of the Renault 21 built in France. ... The Renault Fuego was a four-seater, three-door coupe based on a Renault 18 platform. ... Military vehicles include all land combat and transportation vehicles, excluding rail-based, which are designed for or are in significant use by military forces. ... The M422 Mighty Mite jeep was designed by the Mid-American Research Corporation (MARCO), as a light weight ¼-ton 4x4 tactical truck, suitable for airlifting and manhandling. ...

Rambler: Ambassador by Rambler | American | Classic | Marlin | Rambler Six | Rambler Rebel
Military: AMC Mighty Mite | AM General Division
AMC: Ambassador | AMX | Concord | Eagle | Gremlin | Hornet | Javelin | Marlin | Matador | Metropolitan | Pacer | Rebel | Spirit
Renault: LeCar | Alliance | Encore | Fuego | Medallion | Premier
Rambler & AMC concept cars: XR-400 | Rambler Tarpon | AMC Cavalier | AMC AMX-GT | Amitron | Electron
Affiliated with: American Motors Corporation | AM General | Australian Motor Industries | Chrysler | Hudson | IKA-Renault | Jeep | Kelvinator | Nash Motors | Nash-Kelvinator | Rambler | Renault | Vehiculos Automotores Mexicanos
People Roy Abernethy | Edmund E. Anderson | A.E. Barit | François Castaing | Roy D. Chapin Jr. | Richard E. Cross | Robert B. Evans | George W. Mason | Gerald C. Meyers | George W. Romney | Helene Rother | Richard A. Teague
[ edit ]
Category


1959 Ambassador by Rambler Cross Country hardtop wagon The AMC Ambassador was an automobile produced by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) from 1958 until 1974. ... The Rambler Classic was an intermediate sized automobile that was built and sold by American Motors Corporation from 1961 to 1966. ... Cover of Motor Trend magazine, featuring 1965 Marlin The Marlin was a mid-sized fastback sporty car built by American Motors from 1965 to 1967. ... 1959 Rambler Six sedan The Rambler Six was an intermediate sized automobile that was built and sold by American Motors Corporation (AMC). ... The Rambler Rebel was an automobile was a product by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) of Kenosha, Wisconsin between 1957 and 1961. ... The M422 Mighty Mite jeep was designed by the Mid-American Research Corporation (MARCO), as a light weight ¼-ton 4x4 tactical truck, suitable for airlifting and manhandling. ... AM General is a heavy vehicle manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana and best known for the civilian Hummer and military Humm-Vee. ... 1959 Ambassador by Rambler Cross Country hardtop wagon The AMC Ambassador was an automobile produced by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) from 1958 until 1974. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The AMC Concord was a compact car made by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) starting in the 1978 model year and continuing to 1983. ... 1980 AMC Eagle drivetrain and suspension components. ... The AMC Gremlin was the first American subcompact car. ... The AMC Hornet was a compact automobile made by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) beginning with the 1970 model year and continuing through the 1977 model year. ... 1973 AMC Javelin AMX Pierre Cardin edition The AMC Javelin was a sporty coupe_type automobile in the pony car class built by American Motors Corporation between 1968 and 1974. ... Cover of Motor Trend magazine, featuring 1965 Marlin The Marlin was a mid-sized fastback sporty car built by American Motors from 1965 to 1967. ... 1974 Matador rebuilt as a replica of a Police Car from The Dukes of Hazzard Second generation 1975 Matador base model sedan The AMC Matador was an intermediate car built and sold by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) from 1971 to 1978. ... The Nash Metropolitan was a subcompact car that was sold from 1954 to 1962. ... The AMC Pacer was a two-door compact automobile produced in the United States by the American Motors Corporation between 1975 and 1980. ... 1969 AMC Rebel sedan The AMC Rebel (known as the Rambler Rebel in 1967) was an intermediate car produced from 1967 to 1970. ... AMC Spirit For 1979, the Spirit took the place of the Gremlin. ... The Renault 5 was a supermini produced by the French manufacturer Renault in two generations between 1972 and 1996. ... 1984 Renault Alliance The Renault Alliance was a compact automobile built and marketed in North America by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) through its partnership with its majority owner Renault between 1983 and 1987, when the Chrysler Corporation acquired AMC. The Alliance was based upon the Renault 9/11, but... The Renault 9 and Renault 11 were compact automobiles produced by the French car manufacturer Renault between 1982 and 1988. ... The Renault Fuego was a four-seater, three-door coupe based on a Renault 18 platform. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Eagle Premier - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The XR-400 was a fully operational concept car. ... AMC press release photo of the Tarpon // American Motors Corporation developed a sporty youth-oriented 2+2 coupe in 1963. ... AMC Cavalier The AMC Cavalier was a concept car built by American Motors (AMC) in 1965. ... 1968 AMX-GT press release photo, the second version. ... The Amitron was an American experimental car built in 1967 by American Motors and Gulton Industries. ... The Electron was an American concept automobile built in 1977 by American Motors Corporation (AMC). ... AM General is a heavy vehicle manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana and best known for the civilian Hummer and military Humm-Vee. ... AMI emblem attached on American Motors cars assembled during 1968-1978 Australian Motor Industries (AMI) was a corporation and an important participant in the automobile industry in Australia. ... For other uses, including the Chrysler Brand, see Chrysler (disambiguation). ... Hudson Logo Hudson Six-40, 1914 1917 Hudson Phaeton The Hudson Motor Car Company made Hudson brand automobiles in Detroit, Michigan, from 1909 to 1957. ... Industrias Kaiser Argentina or IKA was an Argentine motor company established in Córdoba Province. ... Jeep is an automobile marque (and registered trademark) of DaimlerChrysler. ... Kelvinator Appliance ad from 1951 Kelvinator is an appliance company since 1994 owned by Electrolux of Sweden. ... Also see: Kelvinator and American Motors Corporation Nash Motors was an automobile manufacturer based in Kenosha, Wisconsin in the United States from 1916 to 1938. ... Kelvinator Appliance ad from 1951 Nash-Kelvinator Corporation was the result of a merger between Nash Motors and Kelvinator Appliance Company. ... Rambler logo, 1960s Rambler was an automobile brand name used by the Thomas B. Jeffery Company between 1900 and 1914, then by its successor, Nash Motors in 1950, and finally by Nashs successor, American Motors Corporation from 1954 to 1969. ... Renault S.A. is a French vehicle manufacturer producing cars, vans, buses, tractors, and trucks. ... VAM logo Vehiculos Automotores Mexicanos S.A. (VAM) was an automaker in Mexico. ... Roy Abernethy (b. ... Edmund E. Anderson was an Industrial Designer in the North American automotive industry, notably as the lead designer for American Motors Corporation (AMC) from 1950 to 1961. ... Abraham Edward (A.E.) Barit1 (b. ... François Castaing is a 27-year veteran automotive executive with Renault, American Motors, and Chrysler. ... Roy D. Chapin Jr. ... Richard E. Cross at American Motors during the 1960s Richard E. Cross was an American industrialist who served as Chairman of American Motors Corporation (AMC). ... Robert B. Evans at American Motors during the 1960s Robert Beverley Evans (1907 - ) was an industrialist, socialite, and sportsman who served for a time as Chairman of American Motors Corporation (AMC). ... George Walter Mason (b. ... Gerald C. Meyers is a well known industrialist, author, speaker, former Chairman of American Motors, active business consultant, and an expert in the field of Corporate Governance and Crisis Management in business. ... George Wilcken Romney (July 8, 1907 – July 26, 1995) was chairman of the American Motors Corporation from 1954 to 1962 and was elected three times as the Republican Governor of Michigan from 1963 to 1969. ... 1955 brochure copy for Rambler American Created to Your Discriminating Taste by Helene Rother Helene Rother (1908-1999) was the first woman to work as an automotive designer. ... Richard A. Teague was a principal designer for the American Motors company. ...

[ edit ]
Category
Image File history File links 1917Nashemblem. ...

Nash Motors
1916 - 1957 Historic:
Nash: | 600 | Airflyte | Advanced Six | Ambassador | Nash-Healey | La Fayette | Metropolitan | Rambler | Rebel | Statesman
Affiliated: | Ajax | American Motors | Hudson | Nash-Kelvinator | Rambler (AMC) Jeep


Also see: Kelvinator and American Motors Corporation Nash Motors was an automobile manufacturer based in Kenosha, Wisconsin in the United States from 1916 to 1938. ... News release drawing of the 1942 Nash 600 showing its monocoque construction. ... An advertising image featuring the 1934 Nash Ambassador. ... The Nash-Healey was a two seat sports car, built in partnership between Nash Kelvinator Corporation, and British auto enthusiast Donald Healey between 1951 and 1954. ... The LaFayette Motors Corporation was a United States based automobile manufacturer. ... The Nash Metropolitan was a subcompact car that was sold from 1954 to 1962. ... The Nash Rambler was an American automobile produced by the Nash Motors division of Nash Kelvinator Corporation between 1950 and 1957. ... The Rambler Rebel was an automobile was a product by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) of Kenosha, Wisconsin between 1957 and 1961. ... The Nash Statesman (1949-1956) was the lower-priced version of the two main Nash automobile series, and was priced below the top-line Nash Ambassador. ... Also see Ajax (1906 automobile) Swiss, Ajax (1913 automobile) French, Ajax (1921 automobile) an independent American car. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Hudson Logo Hudson Six-40, 1914 1917 Hudson Phaeton The Hudson Motor Car Company made Hudson brand automobiles in Detroit, Michigan, from 1909 to 1957. ... Kelvinator Appliance ad from 1951 Nash-Kelvinator Corporation was the result of a merger between Nash Motors and Kelvinator Appliance Company. ... The original Rambler was an automobile produced of the Thomas B. Jeffery Company then by its successor, Nash-Kelvinator Corporation and finally, by its successor, American Motors Corporation (all in Kenosha, Wisconsin). ... Jeep is an automobile marque (and registered trademark) of DaimlerChrysler. ...

Category
[edit]
Hudson Motor Car Company
1909-1957, Historic:
Hudson: Commodore | Custom Brougham | Eight | Greater Eight | Hornet | Hudson Italia | Jet | Metropolitan | Pacemaker | Rambler | Super Six | Wasp
Corporate History: Essex | Terraplane | American Motors | Dover Trucks | A. E. Barit | Roy D. Chapin | J. L. Hudson | George W. Mason | Marshall Teague

Image File history File links Hudsonemblem. ... Hudson Logo Hudson Six-40, 1914 1917 Hudson Phaeton The Hudson Motor Car Company made Hudson brand automobiles in Detroit, Michigan, from 1909 to 1957. ... 1948 Hudson Commodore The Hudson Commodore was an automobile produced by the Hudson Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan between 1941 and 1952 model year. ... The Hudson Greater Eight was an automobile produced in 1931, 1932 and 1933 and were part of the firms T-Series of automobiles. ... Advertisement for the 1954 Hudson Hornet The Hudson Hornet was an automobile produced by the Hudson Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan between 1951 and 1954. ... 1954 Hudson Italia The Hudson Italia was a styling study and limited production compact automobile produced by the Hudson Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan in cooperation with Carrozzeria Touring of Italy during the 1954 and 1955 model years. ... 1954 Hudson Super Jet The Hudson Jet was a compact automobile produced by the Hudson Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan during the 1953 and 1954 model years. ... The Nash Metropolitan was a subcompact car that was sold from 1954 to 1962. ... The Nash Rambler was an American automobile produced by the Nash Motors division of Nash Kelvinator Corporation between 1950 and 1957. ... 1953 Hudson Wasp Hollywood Hardtop 1955 Hudson Wasp 1956 Hudson brochure shows the makes unique V-line styling that took its cues from the 1954 Hudson Italia and the 1931 Hudson Greater Eight The Hudson Wasp was an automobile produced by the Hudson Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan between... The Hudson Motor Car Company made Hudson brand automobiles in Detroit, Michigan, from 1909 to 1957. ... Hudson Terraplane logo. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Dover was a make of Trucks owned by the Hudson Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan. ... A.E. (Abraham Edward) Barit1 (b. ... Categories: People stubs | U.S. Secretaries of Commerce | 1880 births | 1936 deaths ... Joseph Lowthian (J.L.) Hudson (b. ... George Walter Mason (b. ... Marshall Teague (February 17, 1922 - February 11, 1959) was an American race car driver. ...

See also

The Amitron was an American experimental car built in 1967 by American Motors and Gulton Industries. ... The Electron was an American concept automobile built in 1977 by American Motors Corporation (AMC). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Urban car. ... AMC and Jeep used a variety of transmissions and transfer cases systems throughought their lifetimes. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Meyers, Gerald C. (1986) When it hits the fan: Managing the nine crises of business. Houghton Mifflin ISBN 0-395-41171-8.
  2. ^ Thomas Derdak, Editor (1988). International Directory of Company History, Volume 1. St. James Press. ISBN 0-912289-10-4. page 136.
  3. ^ a b c Higgins, James V., "Roy Chapin Jr. mastered how to survive in auto industry". The Detroit News, August 12, 2001
  4. ^ Fracassa, Hawke. "Roy D. Chapin Jr., ex-AMC chairman gambled to save Jeep". The Detroit News. August 7, 2001
  5. ^ Lutz, Robert A. (1999). Guts: The Seven Laws of Business That Made Chrysler the World's Hottest Car Company. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-35765-0.
  6. ^ Lutz, Robert A. (1999), p. 16
  7. ^ Lutz, Robert A. (1999), p. 31
  8. ^ Lutz, Robert A. (1999), p. 31
  9. ^ Lutz, Robert A. (1999), p. 33
  10. ^ Lutz, Robert A. (1999), p. 33
  11. ^ Taylor III, Alex. "Finally GM is looking good". Fortune, Vol. 145, Nr. 7, 2002, pp. 69-74
  12. ^ Toledo Machining and Forge fact sheet by DaimlerChrysler manufacturing division. Retrieved November 2, 2006
  13. ^ Brampton (Bramalea) Assembly plant Photo of Brampton plant on the Challenger blog. Retrieved November 2, 2006
  14. ^ Brampton Assembly Plant fact sheet by DaimlerChrysler. Retrieved November 2, 2006
  15. ^ | Outline of Bramalea construction project (with photos of the plant and explanatory text) by infrastructure builder EllisDon Corporation. EllisDon completed the Brampton Assembly Plant and associated buildings for AMC in September 1987. Retrieved December 9, 2006.
  16. ^ Kenosha Engine Plant fact sheet by DaimlerChrysler manufacturing division. Retrieved November 2, 2006
  17. ^ American Center building overview & specifications page from a skyscraper website. Retrieved November 2, 2006
  18. ^ a b Summary of AMC Canada operations acquired with the AMC buyout on DaimlerChrysler Canada history page. Retrieved November 7, 2006
  19. ^ Holmes Foundry in Sarnia, ON, Canada. Retrieved November 7, 2006
  20. ^ Union Stamping and Assembly plant Photo of former AMC stamping plant on Chris DellaMea's "Coalfields Of The Appalachian Mountains" site at www.coalcampusa.com. Retrieved March 12, 2007

November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 9 is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

References

  • Conde, John (1976). The American Motors Family Album 1946-1975. American Motors Corporation. ISBN X-XXXXX-XXX-X. 
  • Thomas Derdak, Editor (1988). International Directory of Company History, Volume 1. St. James Press. ISBN 0-912289-10-4. 
  • Foster, Patrick (2004). AMC Cars: 1954-1987, An Illustrated History. Motorbooks International. ISBN 1-58388-112-3. 
  • Foster, Patrick (1993). The Last Independent. Motorbooks International. ISBN 0-87341-240-0. 
  • Foster, Patrick (1996). The Metropolitan Story. Kraus Publications. ISBN 0-87341-459-4. 
  • Foster, Patrick (1998). The Nash Styling Sketchbook. Olde Milford Press. ISBN 0-9662019-0-6. 
  • Fracassa, Hawke. "Roy D. Chapin Jr., ex-AMC chairman gambled to save Jeep". The Detroit News. August 7, 2001
  • Gunnell, John, Editor (1987). The Standard Catalog of American Cars 1946-1975. Kraus Publications. ISBN 0-87341-096-3. 
  • Higgins, James V., "Roy Chapin Jr. mastered how to survive in auto industry". The Detroit News, August 12, 2001
  • Lutz, Robert A. (1999). Guts: The Seven Laws of Business That Made Chrysler the World's Hottest Car Company. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-35765-0. 
  • Mann, Jim (1997). Beijing Jeep: A Case Study of Western Business in China. Perseus Publishing. ISBN 0-8133-3327-X. 
  • Mays, James C. (2001). Rambler Canada: The Little Company That Could. Syam Publications. ISBN 0-9685864-7-3. 
  • Mitchell, Larry (1994). AMC Buyers Guide. Motorbooks International. ISBN 0-87938-891-9. 
  • Taylor III, Alex. "Finally GM is looking good". Fortune, Vol. 145, Nr. 7, 2002, pp. 69-74
  • Zinn, Chris L. (2002). AMX Photo Archive: From Concept to Reality. Iconographix. ISBN 1-58388-062-3. 

August 7 is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
AMC vehicles

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

Clubs

Restoration, History & general information

1980 AMC Eagle drivetrain and suspension components. ...

Discussion

  • The AMC-List - an email list dedicated to supporting the preservation of AMC automobiles.
  • The American Motors Forum - an online AMC forum
  • The AMC Eagle forum - an online forum for AMC Eagles from 1980-1988
  • The AMCForum - another AMC forum

Trivia

  • Jeffery Elementary School, Kenosha, WI - A Kenosha Unified School District (KUSD) primary school named after Thomas B. Jeffery. Perhaps fittingly, the school's team name is the "Jeffery Gremlins" and their logo is a copy of the AMC Gremlin logo.
  • AMC's Holmes Foundry - labor issues on the Canadian Auto Workers site
  • Science & Engineering magazine - Environmental cleanup at Holmes Foundry

Photo Galleries


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