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Encyclopedia > American Legion
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The American Legion is an organization of veterans of the United States armed forces who served in wartime. The Organization was founded in 1919 by veterans returning from Europe after World War I and is headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... This is a list of veterans organizations. ... Former crewmembers of the battleship Missouri pose for photos shortly after the Anniversary of the End of World War II ceremony, held aboard the famous ship. ... The Military of the United States, officially known as the United States Armed Forces, is structured into five branches consisting of the: United States Army United States Marine Corps United States Navy United States Air Force United States Coast Guard The U.S. Public Health Service and NOAA also have... “The Great War” redirects here. ... Location in the state of Indiana Coordinates: County Marion Founded 1821 Government  - Mayor Bart Peterson (D) Area  - City  372 sq mi (963. ...

American Legion logo
American Legion logo

In addition to organizing commemorative events and volunteer activities, the American Legion is active in U.S. politics. The primary political activity is lobbying for the interests of veterans, including support for veterans benefits such as pensions and the Veterans Affairs hospital system. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1994x1994, 858 KB) Fair use; distributed by the American Legion fo non-commercial use This is a logo of an organization, item, or event, and is protected by copyright and/or trademark. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1994x1994, 858 KB) Fair use; distributed by the American Legion fo non-commercial use This is a logo of an organization, item, or event, and is protected by copyright and/or trademark. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      Politics of the United States of America takes place in a framework of a presidential... The United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is a Cabinet department of the United States government responsible for administering programs of veterans benefits for veterans, their families, and survivors. ... A pension (also known as superannuation) is a retirement plan intended to provide a person with a secure income for life. ... The United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is a Cabinet department of the United States government responsible for administering programs of veterans benefits for veterans, their families, and survivors. ...


The state American Legions run an annual civic training event for high school juniors called Boys State. Two members from each Boys State are selected for Boys Nation. The American Legion Auxiliary runs Girls State and Girls Nation. Boys State and Girls State are summertime programs geared towards leadership and citizenship training sponsored by the American Legion for High School students between their junior and senior years. ... Boys Nation is an annual civic training event run by the American Legion. ... The American Legion Auxiliary (ALA) is a patriotic service organization for women interested in voluntary service. ... Boys State and Girls State are summertime programs geared towards leadership and citizenship training sponsored by the American Legion for High School students between their junior and senior years. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Boys/Girls State. ...


Today, the group has nearly 3 million members.

Contents

History

Founding

The American Legion's Post Officers Guide recounts the organization's founding, indicating that:

  • "A group of twenty officers who served in the American Expeditionary Forces (A.E.F.) in France in World War I is credited with planning the Legion. A.E.F. Headquarters asked these officers to suggest ideas on how to improve troop morale. One officer, Lieutenant Colonel Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., proposed an organization of veterans. In February 1919, this group formed a temporary committee and selected several hundred officers who had the confidence and respect of the whole army. When the first organization meeting took place in Paris on April 7, 1919, about 1,000 officers and enlisted men attended. The meeting, known as the Paris Caucus, adopted a temporary constitution and the name The American Legion. It also elected an executive committee to complete the organization’s work. It considered each soldier of the A.E.F. a member of the Legion. The executive committee named a subcommittee to organize veterans at home in the U.S. The Legion held a second organizing caucus in St. Louis, Missouri, in May 1919.

The George Washington Post 1 in Washington DC obtained the first charter issued to any Post of The American Legion on May 19th, 1919. Originally, the Post was named the “General John Joseph Pershing Post Number 1” in part to its members’ sincere admiration of Pershing as a man, as well as their appreciation for his career as a soldier in the United States Army, coincidentally while he was a member of Post 1. However, at the St. Louis caucus that same year, members decided that Posts of the American Legion should not be named after living persons, and therefore the pioneer Post was given its new and current name. It completed the constitution and made plans for a permanent organization. It set up temporary headquarters in New York City, and began its relief, employment, and Americanism programs. Officers of the American Expeditionary Forces and the Baker mission The American Expeditionary Force or AEF was the United States military forces in World War I. The AEF helped the French defend the Western Front during the Aisne Offensive in May. ... Theodore Roosevelt. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... New York, NY redirects here. ...


Congress granted the Legion a national charter in September 1919. " American Legion Post No.1 is in Memphis, Tennessee. [1] Information from the diary of Alvin C. York. April 7, 1919 Paris--I arrived in Paris at 8:30 A.M. and 10:30 A.M. was our meeting. I was there on time at the Hotel De Babriel. So we had the meeting all day until 5:30 P.M. This second time I went to Paris was to attend the first meeting that was called to organize the American Legion. I represented my division as a noncommissioned officer. Captain Williams of the machine gun company represented the commissioned officers of our division. And we all organized the American Legion that day in the Hotel. And there were officers and men representing all of the different American outfits in France. So I am a charter member of the American Legion. For other uses, see Memphis (disambiguation). ... Sgt. ...


1910s

Lindbergh's Distinguished Service Medal
Lindbergh's Distinguished Service Medal

The first national convention of the American Legion was held from November 10-12, 1919 in Minneapolis, Minnesota at which time the attendees adopted a permanent constitution and elected officers to head the organization. The original purpose of the Legion was to "preserve the memories and incidents of our association in the great war". Prior to World War I, few rural, working class, or even middle class Americans traveled to Europe. For a majority of urban Americans, their understanding of Europe had been acquired through the European immigrants they knew. Thus the two million Americans who had served in the American Expeditionary Forces had had very different experiences than their families, friends and neighbors. The American Legion allowed these young men and women who had served "Over There" to re-integrate into their hometowns and to still remain in contact with others who had been abroad. The Legion served as a supportive group, a social club and a type of extended family for former service men and women. In 1919, a new American Legion group in Washington was involved in the Centralia Massacre (Washington). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (800x1200, 741 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): American Legion User:Rklawton/Galleries Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (800x1200, 741 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): American Legion User:Rklawton/Galleries Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Nickname: City of Lakes Motto: En Avant (French: Lets go!) Location in Hennepin County and the state of Minnesota. ... The Centralia massacre, an incident of labor unrest in the Pacific Northwest of the United States, occurred on November 11, 1919 in Centralia, Washington. ...

1920s

The American Legion was very active in the 1920s. It was instrumental in the creation of the U.S. Veterans Bureau, now known as the Department of Veterans Affairs. The Legion also created its own American Legion Baseball Program. Commander Travers D. Carmen awarded Charles Lindbergh its "Distinguished Service Medal," the medal's first recipient, on July 22, 1927. The United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is a Cabinet department of the United States government responsible for administering programs of veterans benefits for veterans, their families, and survivors. ... For the U.S. Representative from Minnesota (1859 – 1924), see Charles August Lindbergh For Charles Augustus Lindbergh, Junior, see Lindbergh kidnapping Charles Augustus Lindbergh (February 4, 1902 – August 26, 1974), known as Lucky Lindy and The Lone Eagle, was an American pilot famous for the first solo, non-stop flight... July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 162 days remaining. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar). ...


At its January 1923 Convention, Commander-in-Chief of the American Legion, Alvin Owsley endorsed Benito Mussolini and Fascism. Saying "If ever needed the American Legion stands ready to protect our country's institutions and ideals as the Fascisti dealt with the destructionists who menaced Italy." Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (July 29, 1883 – April 28, 1945) was the prime minister and dictator of Italy from 1922 until 1943, when he was overthrown. ... Fascism is an authoritarian political ideology (generally tied to a mass movement) that considers individual and other societal interests inferior to the needs of the state, and seeks to forge a type of national unity, usually based on ethnic, religious, cultural, or racial attributes. ...


Asked whether that meant taking over the government, he replied "Exactly that. The American Legion is fighting every element that threatens our democratic government-Soviets, anarchists, I.W.W., revolutionary socialists and every other Red ... Do not forget that the Fascisti are to Italy what the American Legion is to the United States."[1] “CCCP” redirects here. ... Anarchism is a form of social criticism, a political movement as well as a political philosophy. ... The IWW Label The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW or the Wobblies) is an international union headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ...


Owsley also invited Mussolini to speak at almost every yearly convention of the Legion during his time at its helm.[citation needed]


1930s

By 1931, membership of the American Legion had reached 1 million.


The Sons of the American Legion was formed at the American Legion's 14th National Convention in Portland, Oregon on September 12-15, 1932. Membership is limited to the male descendants of members of the American Legion or deceased individuals who served in the armed forces of the United States during times specified by the American Legion. In 2007 The Sons of the American Legion celebrates seventy-five years of service to God and Country. The organization has over 300,000 members.


According to congressional testimony in the 1930s, several of the American Legion's leaders, including its original bankroller Irénée du Pont, plotted a fascist coup against the Government of Franklin D. Roosevelt called the Business Plot. According to testimony the plot was averted because Major General Smedley Butler warned Roosevelt of the plan. The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known in Europe as the World Depression. ... Irénée du Pont (1876-1963), descendant of Eleuthère Irénée du Pont and former head of the Du Pont trust. ... Fascism is an authoritarian political ideology (generally tied to a mass movement) that considers individual and other societal interests inferior to the needs of the state, and seeks to forge a type of national unity, usually based on ethnic, religious, cultural, or racial attributes. ... A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ... FDR redirects here. ... The Business Plot, The Plot Against FDR, or The White House Putsch, was a conspiracy involving several wealthy businessmen to overthrow President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933. ... Smedley Darlington Butler (July 30, 1881 – June 21, 1940), nicknamed The Fighting Quaker and Old Gimlet Eye, was a Major General in the U.S. Marine Corps and, at the time of his death, the most decorated Marine in U.S. history. ...


In 1935, the first Boys' State convenes in Springfield, Illinois. Nickname: i did your mom a fovor tomake you a sandwich Motto: poo poo smells Location of Springfield within Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Sangamon Founded 1819  - Mayor Timothy Davlin Area    - City 156. ...


The American Legion's first National High School Oratorical Contest was held in 1938.


1940s

In 1942, the original charter of the American Legion is changed in order to allow veterans of World War II to join. Throughout the 1940s, the American Legion was very active in providing support for veterans and soldiers who fought in World War II. The American Legion campaigned for the G.I. Bill, which was signed into law in June, 1944. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Servicemens Readjustment Act of 1944 (better known as the G.I. Bill) provided for college or vocational education for returning World War II veterans (commonly referred to as GIs or G.I.s) as well as one year of unemployment compensation. ...


The American Legion was active in campaigning for the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II in relocation camps. [2] [3]


The first Boys Nation program was held in 1946.


1950s

The American Legion asked for a congressional investigation into the ACLU for their petitioning to end loyalty-oath laws for public workers such as school teachers during the red scare. [4] The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is a major American non-profit organization with headquarters in New York City, whose stated mission is to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed to every person in this country by the Constitution and laws of the United States.[1] It... Some factual claims in this article need to be verified. ...


Veterans of the Korean War were approved for membership in The American Legion in 1950. Combatants United Nations:  Republic of Korea,  Australia,  Belgium,  Luxembourg,  Canada,  Colombia,  Ethiopia,  France,  Greece,  Luxembourg,  Netherlands,  New Zealand,  Philippines,  South Africa,  Thailand,  Turkey,  United Kingdom,  United States Medical staff:  Denmark,  Australia,  Italy,  Norway,  Sweden Communist states:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,  Peoples Republic of China,  Soviet Union Commanders...


The American Legion Child Welfare Foundation is formed in 1954.


1970s

In 1976, there was an outbreak of bacterial pneumonia among those attending a convention of the American Legion at The Bellevue Stratford Hotel in Philadelphia. This form of pneumonia became known as Legionnaires' disease, or Legionellosis. The bacterium that causes the illness was later named Legionella. The Bellevue-Stratford Hotel is a well-known hotel in Center City, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Built by Prussian immigrant George C. Boldt in the French Renaissance style, it opened in 1904. ... Nickname: Motto: Philadelphia maneto - Let brotherly love continue Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Government  - Mayor John F. Street (D) Area  - City  142. ... Legionellosis is an infection caused by species of the bacterium Legionella, most notably . ... Legionellosis is an infection caused by the genus of Gram negative bacteria Legionella, notably Legionella pneumophila. ... Species Legionella adelaidensis Legionella anisa Legionella beliardensis Legionella birminghamensis Legionella bozemanii Legionella brunensis Legionella busanensis Legionella cherrii Legionella cincinnatiensis Legionella donaldsonii Legionella drancourtii Legionella drozanskii Legionella erythra Legionella fairfieldensis Legionella fallonii Legionella feeleii Legionella geestiana Legionella gratiana Legionella gresilensis Legionella hackeliae Legionella israelensis Legionella jamestowniensis Legionella jordanis Legionella lansingensis Legionella...


1980s

After a 1989 Supreme Court decision, the American Legion launched and funded a campaign to win a constitutional amendment against harming the flag of the United States. The Legion formed the Citizens' Flag Honor Guard and it later became Citizens Flag Alliance. [5] The Citizens Flag Alliance is an American organization advocating in favor of the Flag Burning Amendment project. ...


1990s

In a letter to U.S. President Bill Clinton in May of 1999, the American Legion urged the immediate withdrawal of American troops from Operation Allied Force in Yugoslavia. The National Executive Committee of The American Legion met and adopted a resolution unanimously that stated, in part, that they would only support military operations if "Guidelines be established for the mission, including a clear exit strategy" and "That there be support of the mission by the U.S. Congress and the American people". [6][7] William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... An USAF F-15E takes off from Aviano, Italy Operation Allied Force aka Kosovo-NATO War was NATOs military operation against Federal Republic of Yugoslavia that lasted from 24 March to 11 June 1999 and is considered a major part of Kosovo War. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in Latin, Југославија in Cyrillic, English: Land of the South Slavs) describes four political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... The Congress of the United States is the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States of America. ...


2000s

On August 30, 2005, Thomas P. Cadmus, National Commander, stated in an address to the Legion's National Convention that terrorism should be stopped by "any means necessary." [8] In reaction, the Chairman of the House Veterans Affairs Committee, Steve Buyer (R-Ind.), announced that he planned to eliminate the annual congressional hearings for Veterans Service Organizations that was established by Eisenhower. National Commander of the American Legion Thomas L. Bock had the following to say: August 30 is the 242nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (243rd in leap years), with 123 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Thomas P. Cadmus is National Commander of The American Legion. ... Stephen Earle Steve Buyer (born November 26, 1958) has been a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives since 1993, easily winning reelection by the 4th District of Indiana. ... Dwight David Ike Eisenhower (October 14, 1890–March 28, 1969), American soldier and politician, was the 34th President of the United States (1953–1961) and supreme commander of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II, with the rank of General of the Army. ...

"I am extremely disappointed in Chairman Buyer's latest effort to ignore the Veterans Service Organizations. Eliminating annual hearings before a joint session of the Veterans Affairs Committees will lead to continued budgetary shortfalls for VA resulting in veterans being underserved." [9]

Membership eligibility requirements

Any person will be eligible for membership who was a member of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard or Air Force of the United States and assigned to active duty at some time during any of the following periods: The United States Army is one of the armed forces of the United States and has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... The United States Navy, also known as the USN or the U.S. Navy, is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ... The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States armed forces involved in maritime law enforcement, mariner assistance, search and rescue, and national defense. ... The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial warfare branch of the United States armed forces and one of the seven uniformed services. ...

However, with certain exceptions (e.g., one American Legion branch in San Francisco) GBLT ex-service members otherwise eligible, even if honorably discharged.[citation needed] “The Great War” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Flag of the United States Merchant Marine The U.S. Merchant Marine flag flown at the American Merchant Marine Veterans Memorial in Point Park in Ashtabula, Ohio The United States Merchant Marine comprise the merchant ships that are used to transport both imports and exports during peace time and serves... Combatants United Nations:  Republic of Korea,  Australia,  Belgium,  Luxembourg,  Canada,  Colombia,  Ethiopia,  France,  Greece,  Luxembourg,  Netherlands,  New Zealand,  Philippines,  South Africa,  Thailand,  Turkey,  United Kingdom,  United States Medical staff:  Denmark,  Australia,  Italy,  Norway,  Sweden Communist states:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,  Peoples Republic of China,  Soviet Union Commanders... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Combatants United States Panama Commanders General Carl W. Stiner Manuel Noriega Strength 27,684+ 3,000+ Casualties 23 Dead, 324 Wounded 450 Military, 200-4,000 Civilian U.S. Army 7th Infantry Division (light) soldiers prepare to take La Comandancia in the El Chorrillo neighborhood of Panama City, December 1989. ... See also: 2003 invasion of Iraq and Gulf War (disambiguation) C Company, 1st Battalion, The Staffordshire Regiment, 1st UK Armoured Division The Persian Gulf War was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of 34 nations led by the United States. ... Combatants U.S.-led coalition Iraq Commanders George H. W. Bush, Norman Schwarzkopf, Colin Powell Saddam Hussein, Ali Hassan Al-Majid, Hussein Kamel Strength 660,000 ~545,000 Casualties 345 dead, 1,000 wounded 25,000 - 100,000 dead, 100,000 - 300,000 wounded The 1991 Gulf War (also Persian... LGBT (or GLBT) is an abbreviation used as a collective term to refer to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender people. ...


Organizational structure

Posts

The Post is the basic unit of the Legion and usually represents a small geographic area such as a single town or part of a county. There are roughly 14,900 posts in the United States. The Post is used for formal business such as meetings and a coordination point for community service projects. Often the Post will host community events such as Bingo, Hunter breakfasts, holiday celebrations, and etc. It is also not uncommon for the Post to contain a bar open during limited hours.


Departments

The Posts are grouped together into a state level organization known as a Department for the purposes of coordination and administration. There is a total of 55 Departments; one for each of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, France, Mexico, and the Philippines. The 3 Departments located overseas are intended to allow active duty military stationed and veterans living overseas to be actively involved with the American Legion similar to as if they were back in the states. The Department of France [10] consists of 29 Posts located in 10 European counties, the Department of Mexico [11] consists of 22 Posts located in Central America, and the Department of Philippines covers Asia and the Pacific Islands.


National headquarters

The main American Legion Headquarters is located on the Indiana War Memorial Plaza in Indianapolis. It is the primary office for the National Commander and also houses the historical archives, library, Membership affairs, and the Magazine editorial offices. The Legion also owns a building in Washington D.C. that contains many of the operation offices such as Legislative, Veterans Affairs, Media Relations, and etc. [12]


List of National Commanders

Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... Hanford MacNider (1889–February 18, 1968) was a United States diplomat and United States Army General, serving in both World War I and World War II. MacNider was born in Mason City, Iowa, the son of a prominent banker. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Most Reverend John Raphael Quinn (born March 28, 1929) is a Roman Catholic bishop, currently the Archbishop Emeritus of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Francisco; he served as the archdioceses sixth archbishop from 1977 to 1995. ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar). ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar). ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... Paul V. McNutt in his Washington office, 1941. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... Thomas P. Cadmus is National Commander of The American Legion. ... September 2 is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 31 is the 243rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (244th in leap years), with 122 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... August 31 is the 243rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (244th in leap years), with 122 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

Posts

Virginia

The Department of Virginia is comprised of 215 posts divided into 17 Districts. Currently we have over 54,000 members. The Department Headquarters office is located in Richmond, VA

  • Post 7 - Pulaski
  • Post 8 - South Boston, Jeffress Boulevard
  • [Post 10] - Robert Vincent McMaugh Post, Manassas
  • [Post 16] - Lynchburg
  • [Post 21] - Winchester
  • [Post 24] - Alexandria
  • Post 25 - Braxton-Perkins Post, Newport News
  • Post 27 - Rockingham, VA
  • [Post 28] - Triangle
  • [Post 31] - Hampton
  • [Post 39] - Williamsburg
  • Post 46 - Emporia
  • [Post 48] - Phoebus Post, Hampton
  • Post 49 - Smithfield
  • [Post 53] - Front Royal
  • [Post 55] - Fredericksburg
  • Post 57 - Suffolk
  • Post 73 - Franklin
  • [Post 74] - Charlottesville
  • [Post 79] - Crews - Epperson - Puryear Post, South Hill
  • Post 85 - Arlington, 919 North Kansas Street
  • [Post 86] - Adams Post, Kilmarnock
  • [Post 105] - Stuart
  • [Post 110] - Virginia Beach
  • Post 116 - Louisa
  • Post 120 - Disputanta
  • [Post 128] - Greene County
  • [Post 130] - Falls Church
  • Post 146 - Hopewell, 303 Kippax Street
  • Post 149 - Dinwiddie
  • [Post 150] - Brekenridge - Peters - Woods Post, Sterling
  • Post 151 - Emporia
  • [Post 156] - Orange County
  • Post 159 - Chincoteague, 404 S. Main Street
  • Post 160 - Surry
  • [Post 162] - Lorton
  • [Post 176] - Springfield
  • [Post 177] - Fairfax
  • [Post 180] - Dyer-Gunnell Post, Vienna
  • Post 183 - Franklin
  • [Post 184] - Wayne M. Kidwell Post, Herndon
  • [Post 186] - Midlothian
  • Post 191 - Waverly
  • [Post 199] - Woodstock
  • [Post 204] - Norfolk
  • [Post 210] - Richmond
  • Post 290 - Stafford, 1204 American Legion Road
  • [Post 295] - Middleburg
  • Post 325 - Danville, P.O. Box 325 Danville, VA 24543
  • Post 330 - Culpeper
  • Post 364 - Woodbridge, P.O. Box 2121 Woodbridge, VA 22193
  • [Post 1776] - Williamsburg, VA
  • Post 1976 - Annandale, 4206 Daniels Avenue, Annandale, VA 22003
  • Post 1995 - Centreville, P.O. Box 300 Centreville, VA 20122

An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ...

Washington, D.C.

George Washington DC Post 1 - [13]


References in popular culture

John Dos Passos included in his USA Trilogy a detailed description of the Centralia Massacre, written with open hostility to the American Legion and taking the IWW side in this affair. John Rodrigo Dos Passos (January 14, 1896 — September 28, 1970) was an important Portuguese-American novelist and artist. ... The Centralia Massacre, an infamous incident of labor unrest in the Pacific Northwest of the United States, occurred on November 11, 1919 in Centralia, Washington. ... The IWW Label A Wobbly membership card The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW or the Wobblies) is an international union headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, having much in common with anarcho-syndicalist unions, but also many differences. ...


The 1949 story "The Long Watch", by Science Fiction writer Robert Heinlein, was commissioned by the American Legion and pubished in the Legion's magazine. However, the story was reportedly "heavily edited" before being published - presumably because its theme - a one-man rebellion by a future space officer who sacrifices his life to foil a military coup and the use of nuclear weapons on civilian populations - can be read both as extolling patriotic self-sacrifice and as extolling rebelliousness and disobedience. 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... The Long Watch is a science fiction short story by Robert A. Heinlein. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Robert A. Heinlein Robert Anson Heinlein (July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was one of the most influential authors in the science fiction genre. ...


On their 1989 album, Key Lime Pie, the alternative rock band Camper Van Beethoven referenced the American Legion in their song "When I Win The Lottery", with the lyrics, Key lime pie Key lime pie is a dessert made of key lime juice, eggs, condensed milk and sugar in a pre-baked pie or unbaked graham cracker crust. ... Camper Van Beethoven was founded in 1983 in Santa Cruz, California as an alternative rock, new wave music, and punk rock group. ...

And when I win the lottery, gonna buy the house next to Mr. Red, White and Blue, and when I win the lottery, gonna buy Post 306 American Legion, paint it red with five gold stars.

American Legion Post 306 is the John W. Lupa Post in Middlesex, New Jersey.


In chapter 9 of F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby, it's revealed that Jay Gatsby was a member of the American Legion. The Great Gatsby is a novel by the American author F. Scott Fitzgerald. ...


References

  1. ^ American Legion, "Capsule History of the American Legion," from the "American Legions Post Officers Guide, Appendix 4," pg. 68 Online Edition. Retrieved on 2007-03-06.

2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (66th in leap years). ...

See also

Wreaths of artificial poppies used on Remembrance Day Image:BrLegionflag. ... The Veterans of Foreign Wars, or VFW, is an American organization whose members are current or former members of the U.S. armed forces. ... The Royal Canadian Legion is a non-profit Canadian ex-service organisation (veterans organization) founded in 1925 with more than 400,000 members worldwide. ... RSL National HQ, on Constitution Ave, Canberra, near the Australian Defence Force Russell Offices HQ The Returned and Services League of Australia (often abbreviated to RSL) is a support organisation for men and women who have served or are serving in the Australian Defence Force. ... The Royal New Zealand Returned and Services Association Inc, often referred to as the Returned Services Association, RSA or the RNZRSA, is a voluntary ex-service organisation, dedicated to the welfare of veterans. ... Stephenson GAR Memorial, Washington, D.C. For the fictional Star Wars military force, see Army of the Republic The Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) was a fraternal organization composed of veterans of the Union Army who had served in the American Civil War. ...

External links

  • American Legion web site
  • Position on the Enola Gay exhibit
  • Story of the American Legion by George Seay Wheat (1919)
  • American Legion Photographs in the Western Historical Manuscript Collection at the University of Missouri-St. Louis
  • The American Legion's national partnership with DOD to welcome home our wounded warriors
  • American Legion Post 295's support of the wounded at Bethesda and Walter Reed Hospitals
  • American Legion National Convention Medals

Further reading

  • Richard Seelye Jones. A history of the American legion (1946)
  • Thomas B. Littlewood. Soldiers Back Home: The American Legion in Illinois, 1919-1939 (2004)
  • William Pencak. For God & Country: The American Legion, 1919-1941 (1989)
  • Thomas A. Rumer. The American Legion: An Official History, 1919-1989 (1990)
  • George Seldes. The George Seldes Reader. Barricade Books, 1994

  Results from FactBites:
 
American Legion Post 3 and War Museum (1312 words)
The American Legion is the nation’s largest veterans organization, supporting present active duty military personnel along with its commitment to all veterans and their families.
The American Legion is proud of what it has accomplished in helping to sustain the values which are so important to us: Americanism, Service to God, Country and the Youth of our community and our nation.
American Legion baseball strives to teach practical lessons in sportsmanship and citizenship to boys between sixteen and nineteen years of age.
American Legion: Information from Answers.com (2556 words)
The American Legion has established an influential political position, gaining support in Congress and the federal executive branch for veterans' interests; its efforts contributed to the creation of the Veterans Administration, now the Department of Veterans Affairs, which provides medical services and other benefits to veterans and their families.
The American Legion was founded in mid-March 1919 in Paris by members of the American Expeditionary Forces, and chartered by the United States Congress in September of that same year.
The American Legion asked for a congressional investigation into the ACLU for their petitioning to end loyalty-oath laws for public workers such as school teachers during the red scare.
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