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Encyclopedia > American International Pictures
The early AIP logo.
Typical American International "Teen film"

American International Pictures was a film production company formed in 1956 from American Releasing Corporation by James H. Nicholson and Samuel Z. Arkoff, dedicated to releasing independently produced, low-budget films, primarily of interest to the teenagers of the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s. Image File history File links American_International_Pictures. ... Image File history File links American_International_Pictures. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (424x650, 184 KB) This film poster is being used to illustrate the article on American International Pictures and is used for informational or educational purposes only. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (424x650, 184 KB) This film poster is being used to illustrate the article on American International Pictures and is used for informational or educational purposes only. ... Image File history File links RavenPoster. ... Image File history File links RavenPoster. ... The Raven is a 1963 American motion picture produced and directed by Roger Corman. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (450x695, 65 KB) This image is being used to illustrate the article on the movie Beach Party and is used for informational or educational purposes only. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (450x695, 65 KB) This image is being used to illustrate the article on the movie Beach Party and is used for informational or educational purposes only. ... There are arguably two surf movie genres. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (450x624, 258 KB) Licensing This image is of a movie poster or title card, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the publisher of the movie or the studio which produced the movie in question. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (450x624, 258 KB) Licensing This image is of a movie poster or title card, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the publisher of the movie or the studio which produced the movie in question. ... Destroy All Monsters , All Monsters Charge) is a 1968 daikaiju eiga (Monster Movie). ... Film production on location in Newark, New Jersey. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... James Harvey Nicholson (September 14, 1916–December 10, 1972) was an American film producer. ... Samuel Zachary Arkoff (June 12, 1918–September 16, 2001) was an American producer of B-movies. ... Teenagers is the fourth single and eleventh track from My Chemical Romances third studio album, The Black Parade. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979. ...

Contents

Producers and directors

Nicholson and Arkoff served as executive producers while Roger Corman and Alex Gordon were the principal film producers and, sometimes, directors. Writer Charles B. Griffith wrote many of the early films, along with Arkoff's brother-in-law, Lou Rusoff. Later writers included Ray Russell, Richard Matheson and Charles Beaumont. Floyd Crosby, A.S.C. famous for his camera work on a number of exotic documentaries and the Oscar winner, High Noon, was chief cinematographer. His innovative use of surreal color and odd lenses and angles gave AIP films a signature look. The early rubber monster suits and miniatures of Paul Blaisdell embodied the best of 1950s science fiction films. Roger Corman. ... Alex Gordon (born February 10, 1984 in Lincoln, Nebraska) is a Minor League Baseball player in the Kansas City Royals organization. ... Charles B. Griffith (b. ... Ray Russell (1924-1999) was a writer of short stories, several of which were adapted into screenplays. ... Richard Matheson Richard Burton Matheson (born February 20, 1926) is an American author and screenwriter, typically of fantasy, horror or science fiction. ... Charles Beaumont (January 2, 1929 – February 21, 1967) was a prolific U.S. author of speculative fiction and horror short stories, beginning in 1951. ... Floyd Crosby was an academy award winning cinematographer. ... High Noon is a 1952 western film which tells the story of a town marshal who is forced to face a gang of killers by himself. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Poster for The Day the Earth Stood Still, an archetypal science fiction film. ...


Vincent Price and Poe

The earlier films of AIP often included Vincent Price, often in roles based upon the stories of Edgar Allan Poe, whose works had a high recognition value and also were in the public domain and therefore royalty-free. Some of Price's most famous films were AIP productions like The House of Usher , The Pit and the Pendulum , The Masque of the Red Death , and The Tomb of Ligeia. Vincent Leonard Price Jr. ... Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American poet, short story writer, editor, critic and one of the leaders of the American Romantic Movement. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... House of Usher (also known as Fall of the House of Usher) is a 1960 horror movie based on the Edgar Allan Poe story of the same name. ... The Pit and the Pendulum is a 1961 horror film directed by Roger Corman, starring Vincent Price, Barbara Steele, John Kerr, and Luana Anders. ... The Masque of the Red Death is a classic 1964 horror film, directed by Roger Corman, based on the short story written by Edgar Allan Poe in 1842. ... The Tomb of Ligeia (1964) is a horror film, directed by Roger Corman and starring Vincent Price. ...


The films based on Poe themes starring Price made AIP an American counterpart to the British studio Hammer Films and its famous Hammer Horror line featuring Peter Cushing and Christopher Lee. Hammer horror refers to a series of gothic horror films produced from the late 1950s until the 1970s by the British film production company Hammer Film Productions Ltd. ... Peter Cushing OBE Cushing (left) in the television adaptation of Nineteen Eighty-Four in the winter of 1954 on BBC Television. ... Christopher Frank Carandini Lee, CBE (born May 27, 1922 in Belgravia, London, England) is an English actor known for his professional longevity, and his distinctive basso delivery. ...


Focus groups

AIP was the first company to use focus groups, polling American teenagers about what they would like to see and using their responses to determine titles, stars, and story content. A typical sequence of production involved coming up with a great title, getting an artist to create a dynamic, eye-catching poster, then raising the cash, and finally actually writing and casting the film. A focus group is a form of qualitative research in which a group of people are asked about their attitude towards a product, service, concept, advertisement, idea, or packaging. ...


1960s

In the 1960s, AIP produced a series of Beach Party films, starring Annette Funicello and Frankie Avalon. During this time AIP also produced or distributed most of Roger Corman's famous horror B-movies, including the Vincent Price "Poe Series" and such films as Tales of Terror ,The Raven and The Terror. The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Beach Party movies were an American 1960s genre of feature films which often starred Annette Funicello and Frankie Avalon. ... Annette Joanne Funicello (born October 22, 1942) is an American singer and actress. ... Francis Thomas Avallone (born September 18, 1939 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) was an American actor and teen idol in the 1950s and early 1960s. ... The term B-movie originally referred to a film designed to be distributed as the lower half of a double feature, often a genre film featuring cowboys, gangsters or vampires. ... Tales of Terror were a San Francisco punk rock band that put out a self titled LP in 1984 on the label CD Presents. ... The Raven is a 1963 American motion picture produced and directed by Roger Corman. ... The Terror is a 1963 movie directed by Roger Corman. ...


In 1966, the studio released The Wild Angels, based loosely on the real-life exploits of the Hells' Angels motorcycle gang. This film kicked off a subgenre of motorcycle gang films that lasted almost ten years. The psychedelic and hippie scenes of the late Sixties were also exploited with films like The Trip, Gas-s-s-s and Psych-Out. The Wild Angels (1966) is a Roger Corman film, made on location in Southern California. ... Hells Angels New York City The Hells Angels is a motorcycle club formed in 1948 in Fontana, California, where the local chapter remains active. ... The word psychedelic is a neologism coined from the Greek words for mind, ψυχη (psyche), and manifest, δηλειν (delein). ... Singer at a modern Hippie movement in Russia A hippie or hippy is a member of a specific subgroup of the counterculture that began in the United States during the early 1960s, spread to other countries, and declined in the mid-1970s. ... There are two films titled The Trip: The 2002 film, starred by Larry Sullivan and Steve Braun. ... Gas-s-s-s (also known as Gas! or It Became Necessary to Destroy the World in Order to Save It) was a 1971 motion picture produced and released by American International Pictures, and was producer Roger Cormans final film for AIP, before leaving to found his own New... Psych-Out is a 1968 film about the hippies years and drugs. ...


AIP is well known for being the major U.S. distributor for Kadokawa Pictures and Toho Studio's Godzilla and Gamera (kaiju) movies of the 1960s, and 1970s. AIP also distributed other Japanese sci-fi movies like Rodan, Mothra, Frankenstein Conquers the World, War of the Gargantuas, Monster From a Prehistoric Planet, King Kong Escapes, and Yongary, Monster from the Deep. Kadokawa Pictures, Inc. ... The English-language version of Tohos famous logo, used from the early 1960s to the late 1990s. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Gamera ) is a giant, flying terrapin-like creature from a popular series of daikaiju eiga monster movies produced by Daiei Motion Picture Company in Japan. ... Kaijū (怪獣) is a Japanese term that generically translates to monster. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979. ... Rodan, released in Japan as Sora no Daikaijū: Rodan , lit. ... Mothra ) is a 1961 daikaiju eiga from Toho Studios, directed by genre regular Ishirō Honda with special effects by legend Eiji Tsuburaya. ... Frankenstein Conquers the World, released in Japan as Frankenstein tai Chitei Kaijū lit Frankenstein versus Subterranean Monster) and Tohos official English title is Frankenstein vs. ... War of the Gargantuas, released in Japan as Frankenstein no Kaijū: Sanda tai Gaira , lit. ... Daikyojū Gappa Great Giant Beast Gappa) is a 1967 tokusatsu kaiju film. ... King Kong Escapes, released in Japan as Kingu Kongu no Gyakushū literally King Kongs Counterattack), is a Japanese/American tokusatsu film. ... Yongary dances to a surf guitar re-mix of a Korean folk song in his original movie. ...


Later years

In the 1970s, AIP began to produce big budget films such as The Amityville Horror, Love at First Bite, Meteor, Force 10 From Navarone, Shout at the Devil, The Island of Dr. Moreau, and Mad Max.. The increased spending on these projects, though they did make some money, contributed to the company's downfall. AIP also produced some of the 1970s blaxploitation films like Blacula, and Foxy Brown. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979. ... The Amityville Horror was a 1979 film based on the book of the same name by Jay Anson. ... Love At First Bite is a 1979 comedy horror movie directed by Stan Dragoti and written by Robert Kaufman, using characters originally created by Bram Stoker. ... Meteor (1979) is a film in which scientists detect an asteroid on a collision course with Earth and struggle with international, cold war politics in their efforts to prevent disaster. ... Force 10 From Navarone Force 10 from Navarone is a 1968 novel by Alistair MacLean and a 1978 war film loosely based on upon it. ... Shout at the Devil is a 1976 film based on the novel by Wilbur Smith. ... US movie poster The Island of Dr. Moreau (1977) is the second movie version of the H.G. Wells science fiction novel about a scientist who attempts to convert animals into people, starring Burt Lancaster, Michael York, Barbara Carrera, and Richard Basehart. ... Mad Max is an Australian apocalyptic science fiction action film from 1979 directed by George Miller and written by Miller and Byron Kennedy. ... Shaft (1971) Blaxploitation is a film genre that emerged in the United States in the early 1970s when many exploitation films were made that targeted the urban African American audience; the word itself is a portmanteau of the words “black” and “exploitation. ... Blacula is the name of a fictional character that appeared in two blaxploitation horror films produced for American International Pictures in 1972 and 1973, respectively. ... Foxy Brown movie poster Foxy Brown is a blaxploitation film from 1974, written and directed by Jack Hill. ...


In 1979, AIP was merged into Filmways, Inc., which was later bought by Orion Pictures Corporation. Today, a majority of the AIP library is at the hands of Orion's successor company MGM. For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Orion Pictures Logo Orion Pictures Corporation was a United States movie production company, formed in 1978 as a joint venture between Warner Bros. ... MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ...


Reference

  • Mark Thomas McGee, Fast and Furious: The Story of American International Pictures (McFarland & Company, 1995) ISBN: 0-786-401370.

Trivia

  • Along with its original productions, AIP also released many foreign films (dubbed into English) in the US that other, larger studios were afraid to handle; these included Federico Fellini's La Dolce Vita and Roger Vadim's And God Created Woman, starring then-wife Brigitte Bardot.
  • 1963's The Terror was largely improvised by the cast, during a weekend shoot after completing The Raven, which reused the same sets before they were taken down.
  • Roger Corman continues his work as the head of New World Pictures, which also has a long history of independent production and distribution of foreign-made movies.
  • The widow of Nicholson, Susan Hart, acquired all rights in 1994 to a number of the most successful 1950s AIP titles, including I Was a Teenage Werewolf and Invasion of the Saucermen.
  • The son and daughter of Arkoff attempted a short-lived revival of AIP as a producer of TV movies using the titles of some 1950s-era films produced by the studio, but different storylines from the earlier films. Examples of this include Cool and the Crazy (directed by Ralph Bakshi) and Shake, Rattle and Rock!
  • Not only does MGM own the AIP library, they (through MGM Records) once also distributed the releases of AIP's record label division, American International Records.

A foreign film is a film that is considered foreign in a particular country. ... In filmmaking, dubbing or looping is the process of recording or replacing voices for a motion picture. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... La Dolce Vita (1960) (translation The Sweet Life) is a film directed by Federico Fellini and usually cited as the film that signals the split between his earlier neo-realist films and his later symbolist period. ... Roger Vadim (born Roger Vladimir Plemiannikov, Paris, France, January 26, 1928; died February 11, 2000), was a journalist, author, actor, screenwriter, director, and producer who launched Brigitte Bardots career in the film And God Created Woman. ... And God Created Woman (French title: ) is a 1956 movie, directed by Roger Vadim and starring Brigitte Bardot. ... Brigitte Bardot (born Brigitte Ann-Marie Bardot) on September 28, 1934) is a French actress, former fashion model, nationalist, singer, animal rights activist, and considered the embodiment of the 1950s and 1960s sex kitten. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... The Terror is a 1963 movie directed by Roger Corman. ... The Raven is a 1963 American motion picture produced and directed by Roger Corman. ... // New World Communications Company Info •This company no longer exists. ... This page is about the actress. ... I Was a Teenage Werewolf is a 1957 horror film starring Michael Landon as a troubled teenager and Whit Bissell as the primary adult. ... A television movie (also TV movie, TV-movie, made-for-TV movie, etc. ... Cool and the Crazy was made for the cable television network Showtime in 1994 by cult director Ralph Bakshi. ... Ralph Bakshi (October 29, 1938) is an American director of animated and occasionally live-action films. ... Shake Rattle and Rock! is the name of a 1956 American International Pictures film and its 1994 remake. ... MGM Records was a record label started by the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer movie studio in 1946. ...

External link


  Results from FactBites:
 
American International Pictures (295 words)
American International Pictures was an outgrowth of a previous company dedicated to releasing independently produced, low-budget films, primarily of interest to the teenagers of the 1950s.
The films of AIP often included Vincent Price, in roles based upon the stories of Edgar Allan Poe, who had a high recognition value and was in the public domain and therefore royalty free--a real bonus for a low budget comapany.
AIP was the first company to use focus groups[?], polling actual actual American teenagers about what they would like to see.
American International Pictures - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (638 words)
American International Pictures was a film production company formed in 1956 from American Releasing Corporation by James H. Nicholson and Samuel Z. Arkoff, dedicated to releasing independently produced, low-budget films, primarily of interest to the teenagers of the 1950s.
AIP was the first company to use focus groups, polling American teenagers about what they would like to see and using their responses to determine titles, stars, and story content.
Today, a majority of the AIP library is at the hands of Orion's successor company MGM, which was purchased by a consortium led by Sony Pictures, but continues to operate as a separate company.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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