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Encyclopedia > American History X
American History X

Theatrical release poster
Directed by Tony Kaye
Produced by Steve Tisch
Jon Hess
Written by David McKenna
Starring Edward Norton
Edward Furlong
Beverly D'Angelo
Avery Brooks
Stacy Keach
Music by Anne Dudley
Cinematography Tony Kaye
Editing by Jerry Greenberg
Alan Heim
Distributed by New Line Cinema
Release date(s) October 30, 1998
Running time 119 min.
Country United States
Language English
Budget $10 million
Gross revenue $23,875,127
Official website
Allmovie profile
IMDb profile

American History X is an Academy Award nominated 1998 drama film directed by Tony Kaye. It features Edward Norton, Edward Furlong, Beverly D'Angelo, Jennifer Lien, Ethan Suplee, Fairuza Balk, Avery Brooks, Elliott Gould, Stacy Keach, Guy Torry, and William Russ. Norton was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (440x650, 69 KB) Summary http://www. ... Tony Kaye (born 1952, UK) is a film director and director of commercials. ... Steven Steve Tisch is the chairman, executive vice president, and co-owner of the New York Giants, as well as a movie director. ... Ed Norton redirects here. ... Edward Walter Furlong[1] (born August 2, 1977) is an American actor, known for playing young John Connor in Terminator 2: Judgment Day and Danny Vinyard in American History X. // Furlong was born in Glendale, California, near Burbank, to Eleanor (née Tafoya), a youth-center worker, and an unknown... Beverly DAngelo (born November 15, 1951 in Columbus, Ohio) is an American singer and actress, perhaps best known for her role as Ellen Griswold in the National Lampoons Vacation movies series. ... Brooks as Sisko Avery Franklin Brooks (born October 2, 1948 in Evansville, Indiana) is an American actor. ... Stacy Keach (born Walter Stacy Keach, Jr. ... Anne Dudley (born 7-May-1956) is an orchestral composer and pop musician and was the BBC Concert Orchestras Composer in Association between January 2002 and January 2005. ... Tony Kaye (born 1952, UK) is a film director and director of commercials. ... New Line redirects here. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The year 1998 in film involved some significant events. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... The year 1998 in film involved some significant events. ... A drama film is a film that depends mostly on in-depth character development, interaction, and highly emotional themes. ... Tony Kaye (born 1952, UK) is a film director and director of commercials. ... Ed Norton redirects here. ... Edward Walter Furlong[1] (born August 2, 1977) is an American actor, known for playing young John Connor in Terminator 2: Judgment Day and Danny Vinyard in American History X. // Furlong was born in Glendale, California, near Burbank, to Eleanor (née Tafoya), a youth-center worker, and an unknown... Beverly DAngelo (born November 15, 1951 in Columbus, Ohio) is an American singer and actress, perhaps best known for her role as Ellen Griswold in the National Lampoons Vacation movies series. ... Jennifer Ann Lien (born 24 August 1974) is an American actress, best known as the alien Kes on the television series Star Trek: Voyager. ... Ethan Suplee (born May 25, 1976) is an American actor featured in the NBC sitcom My Name Is Earl as Earl Hickeys dimwitted but supportive brother, Randy Hickey. ... Fairuza Alejandra Balk (born May 21, 1974) is an American film actress. ... Brooks as Sisko Avery Franklin Brooks (born October 2, 1948 in Evansville, Indiana) is an American actor. ... Elliott Gould (born Elliott Goldstein on August 29, 1938) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor. ... Stacy Keach (born Walter Stacy Keach, Jr. ... Guy Torry Robert Guy Torry (born January 5, 1969) is an American actor and comedian. ... William Russ (born October 20, 1950 in Portsmouth, Virginia) is an American actor. ... Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize an actor who has delivered an outstanding performance while working within the film industry. ...

Contents

Synopsis

The film tells the story of Derek Vinyard (Edward Norton) of Venice Beach. An extremely bright and charismatic student, Derek is drawn into the Neo-Nazi underground after his father is killed by a black drug dealer while trying to put out a fire at a suspected drug den. Derek had already been influenced by his father's critical views on African American culture and affirmative action (his father refers to it as "affirmative black-tion") and also how he doesn't trust African-Americans as good firefighters like himself. Edward Norton as Derek Vinyard on American History X movie poster. ... Ed Norton redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The terms Neo-Nazism and Neo-Fascism refer to any social or political movement to revive Nazism or Fascism, respectively, and postdates the Second World War. ... In the United States, African American culture or Black culture includes the various cultural traditions of African American communities. ... Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Ethnocracy Anti-discriminatory Affirmative action in the United States Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... This article is about the profession. ...


Eventually Derek becomes second-in-command of the Venice Beach Neo-Nazi gang, "The Disciples of Christ (D.O.C.)", which entices young whites to join by promising protection from predominantly minority gangs who are prominent in the area. The gang is masterminded by Cameron Alexander (Stacy Keach), an aging, manipulative neo-Nazi leader. Together they commit acts of intimidation such as damaging a store owned by a Korean-American for hiring illegal Mexican workers and playing basketball with a group of black players to win the court to prevent black basketball players from gaining foot and territory on the courts. Stacy Keach (born Walter Stacy Keach, Jr. ... A Korean American is a person of Korean ancestry who was either born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... Illegal immigration to the United States refers to the act of foreign nationals voluntarily resettling in the United States in violation of U.S. immigration and nationality law, see also Immigration to the United States. ... This article is about the sport. ...


One night three black men, one of them the basketball player Derek had defeated in the game to prevent black players from setting foot on the courts, drive up to the Vinyard house and start breaking into Derek's car. Derek's younger brother Danny (Edward Furlong) notices it and interrupts the passionate sexual intercourse Derek is having with his neo-Nazi girlfriend Stacy (Fairuza Balk). Derek takes out a handgun, goes downstairs and shoots one of the men, killing him, and wounds a second. He then fires at the car one man is using to get way with. After recognizing the player from the game, Derek kills the wounded man by ordering him to place his mouth on the curb and then stomping on the back of his head (known as a "curb stomping"), effectively breaking his jaw and neck in revenge for the car jacking. Derek's little brother, Danny, watches in horror and then witnesses his brother submitting to the police officers and smiling triumphantly as he is handcuffed and led away. Edward Walter Furlong[1] (born August 2, 1977) is an American actor, known for playing young John Connor in Terminator 2: Judgment Day and Danny Vinyard in American History X. // Furlong was born in Glendale, California, near Burbank, to Eleanor (née Tafoya), a youth-center worker, and an unknown... It has been suggested that Duration of sexual intercourse be merged into this article or section. ... Fairuza Alejandra Balk (born May 21, 1974) is an American film actress. ... A Browning 9 millimeter Hi-Power Ordnance pistol of the French Navy, 19th century, using a Percussion cap mechanism Derringers were small and easily hidden. ... Police officers in South Australia A police officer (or policeman/policewoman) is a warranted worker of a police force. ...


Derek is sentenced to three years in prison, charged with voluntary manslaughter. Danny notes that if he had testified, Derek would have gotten life imprisonment because of the murder he caused. In prison, he joins the Aryan Brotherhood, for protection. During this time, his white supremacist gang, angry at many of Derek's actions (ironically, mostly due to his anger over the group's dealings with a Mexican gang), gang rape him during a group shower while the guard on duty turns a blind eye. The Aryan Brotherhood, (also known as the AB or The Brand) is a prison gang numbering about 15,000 members in and out of prison. ... The Aryan Brotherhood, (also known as the AB or The Brand) is a prison gang numbering about 15,000 members in and out of prison. ... The Mexican Mafia (MM) or La eMe (eMe) is a Mexican-American criminal prison gang in the United States. ...


Meanwhile, Derek makes the acquaintance of a black inmate named Lamont with whom he works in the prison laundry room. Although Derek initially scorns Lamont, he gradually warms to him. Following the rape, he encounters his former teacher, the black Dr. Sweeney, and asks him for help after all the atrocities he has caused by his own hand. Sweeney (Avery Brooks), currently the school principal, also tells him of his younger brother Danny's inspiration of becoming a neo-Nazi just like Derek. Derek distances himself from the Aryan Brotherhood, and Lamont emerges as his only true friend. Just before Derek is released on parole, he realizes that only through Lamont's intervention did the black prison gangs leave him unharmed after the Brotherhood withdrew their protection. Brooks as Sisko Avery Franklin Brooks (born October 2, 1948 in Evansville, Indiana) is an American actor. ...


Derek returns home to find that Danny has modeled his own life like Derek's pre-incarceration beliefs. After failing to convince Stacy to leave the gang, Derek visits his old neo-Nazi mentor, Cameron Alexander, and informs him that he'll no longer associate with him. He also tells him to stay away from Danny. When Cameron says that Danny needs him more than he needs Derek, Derek ferociously beats Cameron. He starts a confrontation when his friend Seth (Ethan Suplee) points a gun at him, feeling disgusted that Derek has betrayed the group. Derek restrains the gun from Seth's hand and points it at the angry crowd before running away from the party. Danny angrily confronts Derek. Derek tells him about his experiences in prison. The confession seems to prompt a change in Danny. They walk home and begin to change their ways, ripping down all their neo-Nazi posters and regalia on the bedroom wall. After showering, Derek looks at the swastika tattoo on his chest in shame and regret, and puts a hand over it, showing he has indeed changed. Ethan Suplee (born May 25, 1976) is an American actor featured in the NBC sitcom My Name Is Earl as Earl Hickeys dimwitted but supportive brother, Randy Hickey. ... This article is about the symbol. ...


The next morning, Danny walks into his high school bathroom and is fatally shot several times in the chest. The gunman, a black youth, was previously involved in an altercation with Danny, when Danny stood up for a young white male being harassed by the black youth, a gang member. Derek runs into the bathroom and embraces his brother's body, crying uncontrollably, feeling guilty for his brother's death. Mara Salvatrucha suspect bearing gang tattoos is handcuffed. ...


The film ends with Danny narrating the conclusion of a paper about his brother he was assigned to write by Dr. Sweeney, in which he quotes the conclusion of Abraham Lincoln's first inaugural address: For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ... Lincolns First Inaugural Address, delivered March 4, 1861, was deeply conciliatory to Southern slave-holding interests. ...

We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory... ...will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.[1]

Cast

Ed Norton redirects here. ... Edward Walter Furlong[1] (born August 2, 1977) is an American actor, known for playing young John Connor in Terminator 2: Judgment Day and Danny Vinyard in American History X. // Furlong was born in Glendale, California, near Burbank, to Eleanor (née Tafoya), a youth-center worker, and an unknown... Beverly DAngelo (born November 15, 1951 in Columbus, Ohio) is an American singer and actress, perhaps best known for her role as Ellen Griswold in the National Lampoons Vacation movies series. ... Brooks as Sisko Avery Franklin Brooks (born October 2, 1948 in Evansville, Indiana) is an American actor. ... Jennifer Ann Lien (born 24 August 1974) is an American actress, best known as the alien Kes on the television series Star Trek: Voyager. ... Ethan Suplee (born May 25, 1976) is an American actor featured in the NBC sitcom My Name Is Earl as Earl Hickeys dimwitted but supportive brother, Randy Hickey. ... Stacy Keach (born Walter Stacy Keach, Jr. ... Fairuza Alejandra Balk (born May 21, 1974) is an American film actress. ... Elliott Gould (born August 29, 1938), born Elliott Goldstein, was one of the most prominent American film actors in the early 70s, best known for playing Trapper John in the satirical 1970 film M*A*S*H. Time magazine put him on its cover in 1970, when he was at... Guy Torry Robert Guy Torry (born January 5, 1969) is an American actor and comedian. ... William Russ (born October 20, 1950 in Portsmouth, Virginia) is an American actor. ... Joseph Cortese American born actor has been in evil speak and american history x. ...

Controversy

Controversy developed over the film when director Tony Kaye attempted to remove his name from the credits, preferring to use the pseudonym Alan Smithee.[2] When this was refused he chose "Humpty Dumpty" as an alternative pseudonym, which in turn was also rejected. Kaye's reasoning for this was Edward Norton's re-editing of the film to (allegedly) give himself more screen time.[3] The Director's Guild of America ultimately denied Kaye the right to remove his name from the production, reasoning that Kaye had placed ads in Variety attacking the film, thus violating Guild rules regarding the right to invoke the pseudonym. Kaye proceeded to sue the Directors Guild and New Line Cinema, claiming they had violated his First Amendment rights.[3] Alan Smithee, Allen Smithee, Alan Smythee, and Adam Smithee are pseudonyms used between 1968 and 1999 by Hollywood film directors who wanted to be dissociated from a film for which they no longer wanted credit. ... Ed Norton redirects here. ... Director Guild of America building on Sunset Boulevard. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... New Line redirects here. ... “First Amendment” redirects here. ...


In an interview in October, 2007, Kaye said he was happy New Line did not let him take his name off of the film.[3] For other uses, see October (disambiguation). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Film prints

After the film's initial release, no prints of the film were kept. It was not until 2007 that a new print was eventually made. The new print made its debut on June 8th, 2007 at the Collins Road Theatres in Cedar Rapids, Iowa as part of a special midnight screening.[citation needed] Nickname: Location in the State of Iowa Coordinates: , Country State County Linn Incorporated 1849 Government  - Mayor Kay Halloran Area  - City 166. ...


References

  1. ^ Lincoln, Abraham (March 4, 1861). Lincoln's First Inaugural Address. American Treasures of the Library of Congress. Retrieved on February 24, 2008.
  2. ^ A Quick Chat With Tony Kaye September 1998
  3. ^ a b c Tobias, Scott. Tony Kaye interview The A.V. Club, 4 October 2007.

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
American History X - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1905 words)
American History X is a 1998 film directed by Tony Kaye and written by David McKenna.
The title of American History X is derived from the name of a class Danny (Furlong) is forced to take after writing a controversial essay on Adolf Hitler's autobiography, Mein Kampf.
American History X touches on such controversial topics as racism, affirmative action, illegal immigration, the continued existence of Neo-Nazi hate groups within American society, the exploitation of vulnerable youth of all races by gangs, intra- and inter-racial violence and other topics that still split American society.
AboutFilm.Com - American History X (1998) (614 words)
American History X functions primarily on the strength of Edward Norton's acting and director/cinematographer Tony Kaye's visuals.
American History X is not for the squeamish, but for everybody else, it's a must see.
American History X was released in the midst of a bit of a soap opera.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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