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Encyclopedia > American Geophysical Union

The American Geophysical Union (or AGU) is a nonprofit organization of geophysicists, consisting (as of 2006) of over 49,000 members from over 140 countries. AGU's activities are focused on the organization and dissemination of scientific information in the interdisciplinary and international field of geophysics. The geophysical sciences involve four fundamental areas: atmospheric and ocean sciences; solid-Earth sciences; hydrologic sciences; and space sciences. Geophysics, the study of the earth by quantitative physical methods, especially by seismic reflection and refraction, gravity, magnetic, electrical, electromagnetic, and radioactivity methods. ...


The mission of the AGU is

  • to promote the scientific study of Earth and its environment in space and to disseminate the results to the public,
  • to promote cooperation among scientific organizations involved in geophysics and related disciplines,
  • to initiate and participate in geophysical research programs,
  • to advance the various geophysical disciplines through scientific discussion, publication, and dissemination of information.

Contents

Earth (IPA: , often referred to as the Earth, Terra, the World or Planet Earth) is the third planet in the solar system in terms of distance from the Sun, and the fifth largest. ... Space has been an interest for philosophers and scientists for much of human history. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ...

History

The AGU was established in 1919 by the National Research Council and for more than 50 years operated as an unincorporated affiliate of the National Academy of Sciences. In 1972 AGU was incorporated in the District of Columbia and membership was opened to scientists and students worldwide. 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The National Research Council of the USA is the working arm of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering, carrying out most of the studies done in their names. ... President Harding and the National Academy of Sciences at the White House, Washington, DC, April 1921 The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a corporation in the United States whose members serve pro bono as advisers to the nation on science, engineering, and medicine. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... ...


Publications

AGU is the publisher of several scientific periodicals, including the weekly Eos newspaper and eighteen peer reviewed research journals, notably the Journal of Geophysical Research and Geophysical Research Letters. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, a publication of the American Geophysical Union, is a weekly newspaper of geophysics that carries refereed articles on current research and on the relationship of geophysics to social and political questions, news, book reviews, AGU journal and meeting abstracts, meeting programs and reports, a comprehensive... Journal of Geophysical Research is a publication of the American Geophysical Union. ... Geophysical Research Letters is one of the scientific magazines dedicated to specialized aspects of geophysics, geology, climate science, and related disciplines. ...


Meetings

AGU holds an annual meeting in San Francisco every December (known as the Fall meeting), the largest annual scientific conference in the world, and a joint assembly co-sponsored with other societies such as the Geochemical Society, the Mineralogical Society of America, the Canadian Geophysical Union, and the European Geosciences Union every Spring (April through May) in various locations throughout the world. The latter grew out of AGU's annual Spring meeting, which had, for many years, been held in Baltimore, until declining interest caused AGU to move the meeting in different locations, starting with Boston in 1998. With the meeting in Nice, France, in 2003, it became known as the Joint Assembly. In addition to these meetings, which cover all areas of the geophysical sciences, AGU also sponsors many specialized meetings that are intended to serve the needs of particular scientific disciplines or geographical areas, including the Ocean Sciences Meetings and Western Pacific Geophysical Meetings which are held in even numbered years. Small, highly focussed meetings are offered through the Chapman Conferences. The Mineralogical Society of America (MSA) is a scientific membership organization. ... The Canadian Geophysical Union/Union géophysique canadienne (or CGU) began as a society dedicated to the scientific study of the solid earth and has evolved into one that is concerned with all aspects of the physical study of Earth and its space environment, including the Sun and solar system. ... The European Geosciences Union (or EGU) is an interdisciplinary learned non-profit association open to individuals who are professionally engaged in or associated with geosciences, planetary and space sciences, and related studies. ...


Position statement on climate change

The AGU issued a position statement on climate change in December 2003 [1]. The statement concludes that: Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400,000 years Climate change refers to the variation in the Earths global climate or in regional climates over time. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Human activities are increasingly altering Earth's climate, and that natural influences alone cannot explain the rapid increase in surface temperatures observed during the second half of the 20th century.

The statement was drafted by Marvin Geller, John Christy and Ellen Druffel. Dr. John Christy is a climate scientist whose chief interests are Global Climate Change, Satellite Sensing of Global Climate, and Paleoclimate. ...


See also

The Geological Society of America (or GSA) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the advancement of the geosciences. ... The Society of Exploration Geophysicists (or SEG) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to promoting the science of geophysics and the education of exploration geophysicists. ... This is a list of organizations dealing with the various geosciences, including geology, geophysics, oceanography, and related fields. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
American Geophysical Union - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (460 words)
The AGU was established in 1919 by the National Research Council and for more than 50 years operated as an unincorporated affiliate of the National Academy of Sciences.
In 1972 AGU was incorporated in the District of Columbia and membership was opened to scientists and students worldwide.
AGU holds an annual meeting in San Francisco every December (known as the Fall meeting) and a joint assembly co-sponsored with other societies such as the Geochemical Society, the Mineralogical Society of America, the Canadian Geophysical Union, and the European Union of Geosciences every Spring (April through May) in various locations thorughout the world.
American Geophysical Union - definition of American Geophysical Union in Encyclopedia (214 words)
AGU is the publisher of several scientific periodicals, including the weekly Eos newspaper and several journals, notably Geophysical Research Letters and the Journal of Geophysical Research.
The AGU issued a position statement on climate change in december 2003 [1] (http://www.agu.org/cgi-bin/asla/asla-list?read=2003-13.msg).
American Federation of Labor and Congress of Indus
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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