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Encyclopedia > American Football League

Note: There were three earlier and unrelated major American professional football leagues of the same name: One in 1926, one in 1936-1937 and one in 1940-1941. Several minor leagues of the same name have existed, including one based in the American Midwest (1938-1939) and one on the Pacific Coast (1944). The American Association changed its name to the American Football League in 1946.

American Football League
American Football League
Sport American Professional Football
Founded 1959
First Season 1960
Last Season 1969
No. of teams 8 (1960-1965), 9 (1966-1967),
10 (1968-1969)
Country Flag of the United States United States
Merged 1970, with NFL
Last champions Kansas City Chiefs

The American Football League (AFL) was a professional football league that operated from 1960 until 1969, when it merged with the National Football League (NFL). The AFL operated in direct competition with the more established National Football League throughout its existence. Initially viewed as inferior, the AFL began attracting top talent from colleges and the NFL by the mid-1960s, well before the Common Draft which began in 1967. In fact, even in its first year, 1960, the AFL signed half of the NFL's first-round draft choices, including All-American Billy Cannon, perennial All-Star Johnny Robinson, and Hall of Famer Ron Mix. In 1966, a merger between the two leagues was announced, but was not finalized until 1970. During its final two years of existence, the AFL won two upset victories over the NFL in Super Bowl III and IV, the former considered one of the biggest upsets in American sports history. When the merger took place all ten AFL franchises became part of the merged league's American Football Conference, while only the NFL retained its old name and logo. However, the NFL itself has licensed products (see External Links, below) which declare that the 1960-1969 American Football League was "the genesis of modern pro football". Image File history File links AmericanFootballLeague. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... See also: 1958 in sports, other events of 1959, 1960 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Lee Petty won the inaugural Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship — Lee Petty Indianapolis 500 — Rodger Ward USAC Racing — Rodger Ward Formula One Champion — Jack Brabham of Australia... // December 4 — Fukuoka Marathon, Japan Mens Winner: Barry Magee (NZL) 2:19:04 Stock car racing: Junior Johnson won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Rex White Indianapolis 500 - Jim Rathmann USAC Racing - A.J. Foyt won the season championship Formula One Championship - Jack Brabham of Australia 24 hours of... // August 16 — Enschede Marathon, Netherlands Mens Winner: Kazuo Matsubara (JPN) 2:19:29 September 21 — European Championships Marathon, Athens, Greece Mens Winner: Ron Hill (ENG) 2:16:48 December 7 — Fukuoka Marathon, Japan Mens Winner: Jerome Drayton (CAN) 2:11:13 Stock car racing: LeeRoy Yarbrough won... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The AFL-NFL Merger of 1970 involved the merger of the two major professional American football leagues in the United States during the time: the National Football League (NFL) and the American Football League (AFL). ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Red, White and Gold Mascot K. C. Wolf (1985-present) Warpaint (1963-1988) Personnel Owner The Hunt Family (Clark Hunt... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1960 to the end of 1969. ... NFL redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... See also: 1966 in sports, other events of 1967, 1968 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Mario Andretti wins the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship — Richard Petty May 31-Indianapolis 500 — A.J. Foyt USAC Racing — A.J. Foyt won the season championship... The 1960 NFL Draft was held in secret. ... William Abb Billy Cannon (born August 2, 1937) is an All-American and 1959 Heisman Trophy winner from Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge, and one of the American Football Leagues most celebrated players. ... :See below for others of the same name Johnny Robinson (born 1938) was an American college and professional football player from Louisiana State University. ... Ronald Jack Mix was born on March 10, 1938, in Los Angeles, California. ... See also: 1965 in sports, other events of 1966, 1967 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Richard Petty won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - David Pearson Indianapolis 500 - Graham Hill USAC Racing - Mario Andretti won the season championship Formula One Championship - Jack... The AFL-NFL Merger of 1970 involved the merger of the two major professional American football leagues in the United States during the time: the National Football League (NFL) and the American Football League (AFL). ... The 1970 NFL season was the 51st regular season of the National Football League, and the first one after the AFL-NFL Merger. ... Date January 12, 1969 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Joe Namath, Quarterback Favorite Colts by 18 National anthem Anita Bryant Coin toss Tom Bell Referee Tom Bell Halftime show America Thanks with Florida A&M University Attendance 75,389 TV in the United States Network NBC Announcers... Date January 11, 1970 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Len Dawson, Quarterback Favorite Vikings by 12 1/2 National anthem Al Hirt Coin toss Game referee Referee John McDonough Halftime show Mardi Gras with Carol Channing Attendance 80,562 TV in the United States Network CBS Announcers... The American Football Conference (AFC) is one of the two conferences of the National Football League (NFL). ...

Contents

League history

The National Football League had grown to become one of the most popular professional sports leagues in the United States. One franchise that did not share in the success of the league was the Chicago Cardinals, who were overshadowed by the more popular Chicago Bears. The team was reportedly for sale (with the intent of relocation), and one of the men who approached the Cardinals was Lamar Hunt, son and heir of Texas millionaire oilman H. L. Hunt.[1] Hunt offered to buy the Cardinals and move them to Dallas, Texas, where he had grown up. While Hunt negotiated with Cardinals ownership, similar offers were made by Bud Adams, Bob Howsam, and Max Winter.[2] NFL redirects here. ... City Glendale, Arizona Other nicknames The Cards, The Birds, Big Red, The Buzzsaw Team colors Cardinal Red, Black, and White Head Coach Ken Whisenhunt Owner Bill Bidwill General manager Rod Graves Mascot Big Red League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1920–present) Western Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952... City Chicago, Illinois Other nicknames Da Bears, The Monsters of the Midway Team colors Navy Blue and Orange Head Coach Lovie Smith Owner Virginia Halas McCaskey Chairman Michael McCaskey General manager Jerry Angelo Fight song Bear Down, Chicago Bears Mascot Staley Da Bear League/Conference affiliations Independent (1919) National Football... Lamar Hunt (August 2, 1932 – December 13, 2006) was a promoter of American football, soccer, tennis, basketball, and ice hockey in the United States and an inductee of the first three sports halls of fame. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Haroldson Lafayette Hunt, Jr. ... Dallas redirects here. ... Kenneth Stanley Bud Adams, Jr. ... Robert L. Howsam (born 1918, Denver, Colorado) is a former executive in American professional sport who, in 1959, played a key role in establishing two leagues – the American Football League, which succeeded and merged with the National Football League, and baseballs Continental League, which never played a game but... Max Winter (1903- July 26, 1996) was a Minneapolis businessman and sport executive. ...


When Hunt, Adams, and Howsam were each unable to secure a controlling interest in the Cardinals, they approached NFL commissioner Bert Bell and proposed the addition of expansion teams. Bell, wary of expanding the 12-team league and risking its newfound success, rejected the offer.[3] On his return flight to Dallas, Hunt conceived of an entirely new league and decided to contact the others who had shown interest in purchasing the Cardinals. He contacted Adams, Howsam, and Winter (as well as Winter's partner, Bill Boyer) to gauge their interest in starting a new league. Hunt's first meeting with Adams was held in March 1959.[4] Hunt, who felt a regional rivalry would be critical for the success of the new league, convinced Adams to join and found his team in Houston. Hunt next secured an agreement from Howsam to bring a team to Denver, Colorado.[5] Bert Bell (1895-1959) was co-founder (with Lud Wray) of the Frankford Yellowjackets in 1924 (whose name was changed to the Philadelphia Eagles in 1933), and commissioner of the National Football League from 1946 until his death. ... An expansion team is a term used for a brand new team in a sports league. ... Houston redirects here. ... Nickname: Location of Denver in the State of Colorado Location of Colorado in the United States Coordinates: , Country United States State State of Colorado City and County Denver[1] Founded 1858-11-22, as Denver City, K.T.[2] Incorporated 1861-11-07, as Denver City, C.T.[3] Consolidated...


After Winter and Boyer agreed to start a team in Minneapolis-Saint Paul, the new league had its first four teams. Hunt also approached Willard Rhodes of Seattle, Washington, but that effort failed when Rhodes was turned down by Husky Stadium and had no place for his team to play.[6] Hunt also sought franchises in Los Angeles, California and New York City. During the summer of 1959 he sought the blessings of the NFL for his nascent league, as he did not seek a potentially costly rivalry. Within weeks of the July 1959 announcement of the league's formation, Hunt received commitments from Barron Hilton and Harry Wismer to bring teams to Los Angeles and New York, respectively.[7] Minneapolis-Saint Paul is the most populous urban area in the state of Minnesota, United States, and is composed of 188 cities and townships. ... Seattle redirects here. ... Husky Stadium is the University of Washingtons football and track and field venue in Seattle, USA, located between Montlake Boulevard N.E. and Union Bay just north of the Montlake Cut. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... William Barron Hilton I (born October 23, 1927) is an American heir and co-chairman of the Hilton Hotel chain and paternal grandfather of Paris Hilton and Nicky Hilton. ... Harry Wismer (June 30, 1913 – December 3, 1967) was a sports broadcaster and charter owner of what became the New York Jets franchise in the American Football League. ...


On August 14, 1959, the first league meeting was held in Chicago, and charter memberships were given to Dallas, New York, Houston, Denver, Los Angeles, and Minneapolis-Saint Paul. On August 22 the league officially was named the American Football League. Although Bell had given his public approval, individual NFL owners soon began a campaign to undermine the new league. AFL owners were approached with promises of new NFL franchises or ownership stakes in existing ones. When those efforts were rebuffed, the NFL announced on August 29 that it would bring expansion teams to Houston and Dallas, to start play in 1961.[8] is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Two more cities were awarded AFL franchises later in the year. Ralph Wilson, who owned a minority interest in the NFL's Detroit Lions, announced he was placing a team in Buffalo, New York after he had been rejected by Miami. Buffalo was officially awarded a franchise on October 28. During a league meeting on November 22, a 10-man ownership group from Boston, Massachusetts (led by William H. (Billy) Sullivan) was awarded the AFL's eighth team.[9] On November 30, 1959, Joe Foss, a World War II Marine fighter ace and former governor of South Dakota, was named the AFL's first commissioner. Foss commissioned a friend of Harry Wismer's to develop the AFL's eagle-on-football logo. Hunt was elected President of the AFL on January 26, 1960. Ralph C. Wilson, Jr. ... City Detroit, Michigan Team colors Honolulu Blue, Silver, and Black Head Coach Rod Marinelli Owner William Clay Ford, Sr. ... Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State Coordinates: , Country State County Erie Government  - Mayor Byron Brown (D) Area  - City 52. ... Miami redirects here. ... Boston redirects here. ... William Sullivan may refer to: William Wilfred Sullivan, Premier of PEI William Laurence Sullivan, a Unitarian clergyman and author William Sullivan, a U.S. diplomat This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Joseph Jacob Joe Foss (April 17, 1915 – January 1, 2003) was an American politician, an ace fighter pilot, and a recipient of the Medal of Honor in 1943. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for providing force projection from the sea,[1] using the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces and is one of seven uniformed services. ... Fighter Ace is an online multiplayer computer game in which one flies World War II fighter and bomber planes in combat against other players and virtual pilots. ... Official language(s) English Demonym South Dakotan Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th in the US  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The AFL Draft

For more details on this topic, see AFL Draft. The American Football League (AFL, 1960 - 1969) stocked its teams in two ways: 1) Signing free agents (players whose contracts in other professional football leagues had expired, or who had no professional experience). ...


The AFL's first draft took place the same day Boston was awarded its franchise, and lasted 33 rounds. The league held a second draft on December 2, which lasted for 20 rounds. Since the Raiders joined after the AFL draft, they inherited Minnesota's selections (read next section).[10][11] A special allocation draft was held in January, 1960, to allow the Raiders to stock their team, since some of the other AFL teams had already signed some of Minneapolis' original draft choices. The American Football League (AFL, 1960 - 1969) stocked its teams in two ways: 1) Signing free agents (players whose contracts in other professional football leagues had expired, or who had no professional experience). ... The 1960 American Football League Draft was held on November 22, 1959, shortly after the organization of the league, and lasted 33 rounds. ...


Crisis and success

In November 1959, Minneapolis owner Max Winter announced his intent to leave the AFL in order to accept a franchise offer from the NFL. In 1961, his team began play in the NFL as the Minnesota Vikings. Los Angeles Chargers owner Barron Hilton demanded that a replacement for Minnesota be placed in California, in order to reduce his team's operating costs and to create a rivalry. After a brief search, Oakland was chosen and an ownership group led by local real estate developer Chet Soda was formed. After initially being called the Oakland Señors, the Oakland Raiders officially joined the AFL on January 30, 1960. The AFL's first major success came when the Houston Oilers signed Billy Cannon, the All-American and 1959 Heisman Trophy winner from LSU. Cannon signed a $100,000 contract to play for the Oilers, despite having already signed a $50,000 contract with the NFL's Los Angeles Rams. The Oilers filed suit and claimed that Rams general manager Pete Rozelle had unduly manipulated Cannon. The court upheld the Houston contract, and with Cannon the Oilers appeared in the AFL's first three championship games (winning two).[12][13] League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC Central (1970-2001) NFC North (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Purple, Gold, White Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Viktor the Viking, Ragnar Personnel Owner Zygi Wilf General... Chargers redirects here. ... Oakland redirects here. ... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... City Nashville, Tennessee Team colors Navy, Titan Blue, White, and Red Head Coach Jeff Fisher Owner Bud Adams General manager Mike Reinfeldt Mascot T-Rac League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Eastern Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC Central (1970... William Abb Billy Cannon (born August 2, 1937) is an All-American and 1959 Heisman Trophy winner from Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge, and one of the American Football Leagues most celebrated players. ... Heisman redirects here. ... City Baton Rouge, Louisiana Team Mascot Mike the Tiger Team Colors Purple and gold Head Coach Les Miles Home Stadium Tiger Stadium League/Conference affiliations Independent (1893-1895) Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association (1896-1921) Southern Conference (1922-1932) Southeastern Conference (1932-present) Western Division (1992-present) Team history All-Time... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1936) National Football League (1937–present) Western Division (1937-1949) National Conference (1950-1952) Western Conference (1953-1969) Coastal Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Millennium Blue and New Century Gold Personnel Owner Chip... Alvin Ray Pete Rozelle (March 1, 1926–December 6, 1996) was the commissioner of the National Football League (NFL) from January 1960 to November 1989, when he retired from office. ...


On June 9, 1960, the league signed a five-year television contract with ABC, which brought in revenues of approximately US$2,125,000 per year for the entire league. On June 17, the AFL filed an antitrust lawsuit against the NFL, which was dismissed in 1962 after a two-month trial.[12] The AFL began regular-season play (a night game on Friday, September 9, 1960) with eight teams in the league — the Boston Patriots, Buffalo Bills, Dallas Texans, Denver Broncos, Houston Oilers, Los Angeles Chargers, New York Titans, and Oakland Raiders. Raiders co-owner Wayne Valley dubbed the AFL ownership "The Foolish Club," a term Lamar Hunt subsequently used on team photographs he sent as Christmas gifts.[14] is the 160th day of the year (161st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... City Foxborough, Massachusetts Other nicknames The Pats Team colors Nautical Blue, New Century Silver, Red, and White Head Coach Bill Belichick Owner Robert Kraft General manager Bill Belichick (de facto) Mascot Pat Patriot League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–69) Eastern Division (1960–69) National Football League (1970–present... For other uses, see Buffalo Bills (disambiguation). ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Red, White and Gold Mascot K. C. Wolf (1985-present) Warpaint (1963-1988) Personnel Owner The Hunt Family (Clark Hunt... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Broncos Navy Blue, Orange, White[1] Mascot Thunder II (live horse) Miles (person in costume suit) Personnel Owner Pat Bowlen... City New Orleans, Louisiana Team colors Old Gold, Black, and White Head Coach Sean Payton Owner Tom Benson General manager Mickey Loomis Mascot Gumbo League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1967–present) Eastern Conference (1967-1969) Capitol Division (1967; 1969) Century Division (1968) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC West... Chargers redirects here. ... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... Wayne Valley High School is a comprehensive four-year public high school, one of the two high schools in Wayne, New Jersey, United States, as part of the Wayne Public Schools. ...


The Oilers became the first-ever league champions by defeating the Chargers, 24-16, in the AFL Championship on January 1, 1961. Attendance for the 1960 season was respectable for a new league, but not nearly that of the NFL. Whereas the more popular NFL teams in 1960 regularly saw attendance figures in excess of 50,000 per game, AFL attendance generally hovered between 10,000-20,000 per game.[15] With the low attendance came financial losses. The Raiders, for instance, lost $500,000 in their first year and only survived after receiving a $400,000 loan from Bills owner Ralph Wilson.[16] In an early sign of stability, however, the AFL did not lose any teams after its first year of operation. In fact, the only major change was the relocation of the Chargers from Los Angeles to San Diego. is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... San Diego redirects here. ...


Movement and instability (1962–63)

While the Oilers found instant success in the AFL, other teams did not fare as well. The Oakland Raiders and New York Titans struggled on and off the field during their first few seasons in the league. Oakland's eight-man ownership group was reduced to just three in 1961, after heavy financial losses their first season.[17] Attendance for home games was poor, partly due to the fact that the team was playing in the San Francisco Bay Area—which already had an established NFL team (the San Francisco 49ers)—but the product on the field was also to blame. After winning six games their debut season, the Raiders won a total of three times in the 1961 and 1962 seasons. Oakland took part in a 1961 supplemental draft meant to boost the weaker teams in the league, but it did little good. They participated in another such draft in 1962.[12] The 1962 American Football League season was the 3rd regular season of the American Football League. ... The 1963 American Football League season was the 4th regular season of the American Football League. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... City San Francisco, California Other nicknames Niners, The Red And Gold, Bay Bombers Team colors Cardinal red, metallic gold and black Head Coach Mike Nolan Owner Denise DeBartolo York and John York General manager Lal Heneghan Mascot Sourdough Sam League/Conference affiliations All-America Football Conference (1946-1949) Western Division...


The Titans fared a little better on the field but had their own financial troubles. Attendance was so low for home games that team owner Harry Wisner had fans move to seats closer to the field to give the illusion of a fuller stadium on television.[18] Eventually Wisner could no longer afford to meet his payroll, and on November 8, 1962 the AFL took over operations of the team. The Titans were sold to a five-person ownership group headed by Sonny Werblin on March 28, 1963, and in April the new owners changed the team's name to the New York Jets.[19][20] is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... David A. Sonny Werblin (March 17, 1907 - November 21, 1991) was an owner of the New York Jets. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ...


The Raiders and Titans both finished last in their respective divisions in the 1962 season.[21] The Texans and Oilers, winners of their divisions, faced each other for the 1962 AFL Championship on December 23. The Texans dethroned the two-time champion Oilers, 20-17, in a double-overtime contest that was at the time professional football's longest-ever game.[12] is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Overtime is an additional period of play specified under the rules of a sport in order to bring the game to a decision and avoid declaring the contest a tie or draw. ...


In 1963, the Texans became the second AFL team to relocate. Lamar Hunt felt that despite winning the league championship in 1962, the Texans could not succeed financially in the same market as the Dallas Cowboys, who had entered the NFL in 1960. After meetings with New Orleans, Atlanta and Miami, Hunt announced on May 22 that the Texans' new home would be Kansas City, Missouri. Kansas City mayor Harold Roe Bartle (nicknamed "Chief") was instrumental in his city's success in attracting the team. Partly to honor Bartle, the franchise officially became the Kansas City Chiefs on May 26.[22] City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys, The Pokes Team colors White, Silver, Silver-Green, Royal Blue, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Western Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1969) Capitol Division... NOLA redirects here. ... Atlanta redirects here. ... Miami redirects here. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... Harold Roe Bennett Sturdevant Bartle (June 25, 1901 — May 9, 1974) was a lawyer, banker, cattleman, politician, college president and renowned public speaker. ...


The San Diego Chargers, under head coach Sid Gillman, won a decisive 51-10 victory over the Boston Patriots for the 1963 AFL Championship. Confident that his team was capable of beating the NFL-champion Chicago Bears (he had the Chargers' rings inscribed with the phrase "World Champions"), Gillman approached NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle and proposed a final championship game between the two teams. Rozelle declined the offer, but it would be instituted three seasons later.[23] Sidney Sid Gillman (October 26, 1911 - January 3, 2003) was an American football coach and innovator. ... City Chicago, Illinois Other nicknames Da Bears, The Monsters of the Midway Team colors Navy Blue and Orange Head Coach Lovie Smith Owner Virginia Halas McCaskey Chairman Michael McCaskey General manager Jerry Angelo Fight song Bear Down, Chicago Bears Mascot Staley Da Bear League/Conference affiliations Independent (1919) National Football...


Style of Play

During the American Football League's existence, and since, the league was characterized as a "no defense league", a "wide-open offensive league" or a "basketball league". Analysis of the scoring in the AFL from 1960 through 1969 compared to that of the NFL for the same ten seasons shows that the average combined score by both teams in regular season games from 1960 through 1969 in the American Football League was 45.6 points per game. The NFL's average over the same period was 43.5 points per game. On average, each AFL team scored only about one point more per game than each NFL team in the 1960's. In 1965, in fact, the NFL averaged 46.1 total points per game, to the American Football League's 42.9 points.


Another factor which may have affected the AFL's repuation as a high-scoring league is that its scoring was more evenly distributed than the NFL's. In 1960, in 12 games the AFL's highest scoring team, the Titans, had 382 points, while the lowest-scoring Patriots had 286. In the NFL, also in 12 games, the Browns scored 362 points, the Cowboys only 177. If the Cowboys' efforts are discounted because they were an expansion team, the Redskins scored only 178 points in 1960. Much has been argued about whether the AFL's best teams were as good as the NFL's best in the early 1960's. However, the AFL, within itself, was a much more competitive league, and its lower-division teams would likely have done well against the weakest NFL teams.


Many NFL offenses relied on slow, plodding, short-gain drives, while AFL teams generally reflected the philopsophy of one of Pro Football's greatest coaches, Sid Gillman: quick strikes, long passes, halfback options, etc. The very fact that AFL games were more exciting to watch may have led to the idea that they had "no defense"; but they had their share of good defensive coaches and teams. Lou Saban's Buffalo Bills, for example, did not allow a touchdown rushing in seventeen consecutive games over the 1964-1965 seasons. Sidney Sid Gillman (October 26, 1911 - January 3, 2003) was an American football coach and innovator. ... Lou Saban (born October 13, 1921), a legendary coach in the American Football League, played college football at Indiana University where he was named All-Big Ten as a quarterback one year and All-Big Ten as a fullback in another. ... For other uses, see Buffalo Bills (disambiguation). ...


Nevertheless, with players like the Chargers' speedy Lance Alworth, possibly the best receiver of his era; and the first two Pro Football players to achieve and then break the mark of 100 catches in a season, the Broncos' Lionel Taylor and the Oilers' Charlie Hennigan; with flashy backs like the Raiders' Clem Daniels and the Chargers' Lincoln and Lowe; and bruising fullbacks like the Bills' Cookie Gilchrist and the Patriots' Jim Nance, offense was what caught the attention of American Football League fans. Chargers redirects here. ... Lance Dwight Alworth (born August 3, 1940 in Houston, Texas) is a former American football wide receiver. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Broncos Navy Blue, Orange, White[1] Mascot Thunder II (live horse) Miles (person in costume suit) Personnel Owner Pat Bowlen... Lionel Thomas Taylor (born August 15, 1935 in Kansas City, Missouri) was an American football wide receiver who led the American Football League in receptions each year for the first six years of its existence. ... City New Orleans, Louisiana Team colors Old Gold, Black, and White Head Coach Sean Payton Owner Tom Benson General manager Mickey Loomis Mascot Gumbo League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1967–present) Eastern Conference (1967-1969) Capitol Division (1967; 1969) Century Division (1968) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC West... Charlie Hennigan is a retired American football player. ... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... Clem Daniels was an American college and professional football player. ... At Washington State University, Keith Lincoln (born May 8, 1939) was an all-around player and the schools career rushing leader. ... Paul Lowe (born September 27, 1936 in Homer, LA) is a retired American football running back who played for the Los Angeles/San Diego Chargers and Kansas City Chiefs of the American Football League from 1960 to 1969. ... Carlton Chester Cookie Gilchrist (born May 25, 1935 in Brackenridge, Pennsylvania) was an American football player in the American Football League. ... The New England Patriots are a National Football League team based in Foxboro, Massachusetts Founded: 1960, as a charter American Football League member. ... James S. Jim Nance (December 30, 1942 - June 16, 1992) was a fullback with the Boston Patriots during their days in the American Football League. ...


Watershed years (1964–65)

A series of events throughout the next few years demonstrated the AFL's ability to achieve a greater level of equality with the NFL. On January 29, 1964 the league signed a lucrative US$ 36 million television contract with NBC (to start in the 1965 season), which gave the league money it needed to compete with the NFL for talent. A new single-game attendance record was set on November 8, 1964 when 61,929 fans packed Shea Stadium to watch the New York Jets and Buffalo Bills.[24] The 1964 American Football League season was the 5th regular season of the American Football League. ... The 1965 American Football League season was the 6th regular season of the American Football League. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... This article is about the television network. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... This article is about the home of the New York Mets. ...


The bidding war for players between the AFL and NFL escalated in 1965. The Chiefs drafted Gale Sayers in the first round of the 1965 draft (held November 28, 1964), while the Chicago Bears did the same in the NFL draft. Sayers eventually signed with the Bears.[22] A similar situation occurred when the New York Jets and the NFL's St. Louis Cardinals both drafted University of Alabama quarterback Joe Namath. In what was viewed as a key victory for the AFL, Namath signed a $427,000 contract with the Jets on January 2. It was the highest amount of money ever paid to a collegiate football player, and is cited as a contributing factor to the eventual merger between the two leagues.[25] Gale Eugene Sayers (b. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... Joseph William Namath (born May 31, 1943), also known as Broadway Joe, was an American football Hall of Fame quarterback in the American Football League and National Football League during the 1960s and 1970s. ...


In March 1965, Minneapolis lawyer Joe Robbie met with Commissioner Foss to inquire about an expansion franchise. On May 6, Robbie secured an agreement to bring a team to Miami, Florida from city mayor Robert King High. League expansion was approved at a meeting held on June 7, and on August 16 the AFL's ninth franchise was officially awarded to Robbie and television star Danny Thomas. The Miami Dolphins joined the league for a fee of $7.5 million, and started play in the AFL's Eastern Division in 1966.[26] Joseph Joe Robbie (b. ... Miami redirects here. ... Danny Thomas (January 6, 1914 - February 6, 1991) was an American nightclub comedian and television and film actor of Lebanese Maronite Catholic descent. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966–1969) Eastern Division (1966–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC East (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Aqua, Coral, Navy, White Mascot T. D. Personnel Owner H. Wayne Huizenga (50%) and Stephen M. Ross (50%) General Manager...


Escalation and merger (1966–67)

For more details on this topic, see AFL-NFL Merger.

1966 saw the rivalry between the AFL and NFL reach an all-time peak. On April 7, Joe Foss resigned as AFL Commissioner. His successor was Oakland Raiders head coach and general manager Al Davis, who had been instrumental in turning around the fortunes of that franchise. No longer content with trying to outbid the NFL for college talent, the AFL under Davis actively started to recruit players already on NFL squads. Davis's strategy focused on quarterbacks in particular, and in two months he convinced seven NFL quarterbacks to sign with the AFL.[27] But while Davis intended to help the AFL win the bidding war, some AFL and NFL owners saw the escalation as detrimental to both leagues. This article is under construction. ... The 1967 American Football League season was the 8th regular season of the American Football League, and one of the last before the AFL-NFL Merger. ... The AFL-NFL Merger of 1970 involved the merger of the two major professional American football leagues in the United States during the time: the National Football League (NFL) and the American Football League (AFL). ... For other persons named Al Davis, see Al Davis (disambiguation). ...


The same month Davis was named commissioner, Lamar Hunt and Dallas Cowboys general manager Tex Schramm held a series of secret meetings in Dallas to discuss their concerns over rapidly increasing player salaries, as well as the practice of player poaching. Hunt and Schramm completed the basic groundwork for a merger of the two leagues by the end of May, and on June 8, 1966 the merger was officially announced. Under the terms of the agreement, the two leagues would hold a common player draft. The agreement also called for a title game to be played between the champions of the respective leagues. The two leagues would be fully merged by 1970, and NFL commissioner Pete Rozelle would remain as commissioner of the merged league. The AFL also agreed to pay indemnities of $18 million to the NFL over 20 years. In protest, Davis resigned as AFL commissioner on July 25 rather than remain until the completion of the merger, and Milt Woodard was named President of the AFL.[28][25] Texas Earnest Schramm, Jr. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Alvin Ray Pete Rozelle (March 1, 1926–December 6, 1996) was the commissioner of the National Football League (NFL) from January 1960 to November 1989, when he retired from office. ... Milt Woodard was an American sports writer and sport executive. ...


On January 15, 1967, the first-ever World Championship Game between the champions of the two separate professional football leagues, the AFL-NFL Championship Game (retroactively referred to as Super Bowl I), was played in Los Angeles. After a close first half, the NFL champion Green Bay Packers overwhelmed the AFL champion Kansas City Chiefs, 35-10. The loss reinforced for many the notion that the AFL was indeed the inferior league. Packers head coach Vince Lombardi stated after the game, "I do not think they are as good as the top teams in the National Football League."[25] is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Date January 15, 1967 Stadium Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum City Los Angeles MVP Bart Starr, Quarterback Favorite Packers by 14 National anthem University of Arizona and Grambling State University Bands Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show University of Arizona and Grambling State University Bands Attendance 61,946... Packers redirects here. ... Vincent Thomas Lombardi (June 11, 1913 – September 3, 1970) was an American football coach. ...


The second AFL-NFL Championship (Super Bowl II) yielded a similar result. The Oakland Raiders—who easily beat the Houston Oilers to win their first AFL championship—were overmatched by the Packers, 33-14. The more experienced Packers capitalized on a number of Raiders miscues, and never trailed. Green Bay defensive tackle Henry Jordan offered a compliment to Oakland and the AFL, when he said, "...the AFL is becoming much more sophisticated on offense. I think the league has always had good personnel, but the blocks were subtler and better conceived in this game."[29] Date January 14, 1968 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Bart Starr, Quarterback Favorite Packers by 13½ National anthem Grambling State University Band Coin toss Game referee Referee Jack Vest Halftime show Grambling State University Band Attendance 75,546 TV in the United States Network CBS Announcers Ray... Henry Wendell Jordan (January 26, 1935 - February 21, 1977) was a former American football defensive tackle who played for two teams, the Green Bay Packers and the Cleveland Browns during his thirteen year National Football League career from 1957 to 1969. ...


The AFL added its tenth and final team on May 24, 1967, when they awarded the league's second expansion franchise to an ownership group from Cincinnati, Ohio headed by NFL legend Paul Brown.[17] Although Brown had intended to join the NFL, he agreed to join the AFL when he learned that his team would join the NFL once the merger was completed.[30] The Cincinnati Bengals began play in the 1968 season, and finished last in the Western Division. is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Cincinnati redirects here. ... Paul Eugene Brown (September 7, 1908 - August 5, 1991) was an athletics coach of American football and a major figure in the development of the National Football League. ... City Cincinnati, Ohio Team colors Black, Orange and White Head Coach Marvin Lewis Owner Mike Brown Mascot Who Dey League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1968-1969) Western Division (1968-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC Central (1970-2001) AFC North (2002-present) Team...


Legitimacy and the end of an era (1968-70)

While many AFL players and observers felt their league was the equal of the NFL, the first two Super Bowls did little to prove it. That perception changed on January 12, 1969, when the AFL Champion New York Jets shocked the heavily favored NFL Champion Baltimore Colts in Super Bowl III. The Colts, who entered the contest favored by as many as 18 points, had completed the 1968 NFL season with a 13-1 record, and won the NFL title with a convincing 34-0 dismantling of the Cleveland Browns. Led by their stalwart defense—which allowed a record-low 144 points—the 1968 Colts were considered one of the best-ever NFL teams.[31][32] This article is under construction. ... The AFL-NFL Merger of 1970 involved the merger of the two major professional American football leagues in the United States during the time: the National Football League (NFL) and the American Football League (AFL). ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1953–present) Western Conference (1953-1969) Coastal Division (1967-1969) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC East (1970-2001) AFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Royal Blue, White Mascot Blue Personnel Owner Jim Irsay General Manager Bill Polian Head Coach Tony Dungy... Date January 12, 1969 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Joe Namath, Quarterback Favorite Colts by 18 National anthem Anita Bryant Coin toss Tom Bell Referee Tom Bell Halftime show America Thanks with Florida A&M University Attendance 75,389 TV in the United States Network NBC Announcers... The 1968 NFL season was the 49th regular season of the National Football League. ...


By contrast, the Jets allowed 280 points, the highest total for any division winner in the two leagues. They had also narrowly beaten the favored Oakland Raiders in the AFL Championship. Jets quarterback Joe Namath recalled that in the days leading up to the game, he grew increasingly angry when told New York had no chance to beat Baltimore. Three days before the game, a frustrated Namath responded to a heckler at the Touchdown Club in Miami by declaring, "We're going to win Sunday, I'll guarantee you."[25][28][33] A heckler is a person who shouts an uninvited comment, usually disparaging, at a performance or event, or interrupting set-piece speeches, for example at a political meeting. ...


Namath and the Jets made good on his guarantee as they held the Colts scoreless until late in the fourth quarter. The Jets won, 16-7, in what is considered one of the greatest upsets in American sports history.[34][35][36][37] With the win, the AFL finally achieved parity with the NFL and legitimized the merger of the two leagues.[31] That notion was reinforced one year later in Super Bowl IV, when the AFL champion Kansas City Chiefs upset the NFL champion Minnesota Vikings, 23-7, in the last championship game to be played between the two leagues. The Vikings, favored by 12½ points, were held to just 67 rushing yards.[38] Date January 11, 1970 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Len Dawson, Quarterback Favorite Vikings by 12 1/2 National anthem Al Hirt Coin toss Game referee Referee John McDonough Halftime show Mardi Gras with Carol Channing Attendance 80,562 TV in the United States Network CBS Announcers... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC Central (1970-2001) NFC North (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Purple, Gold, White Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Viktor the Viking, Ragnar Personnel Owner Zygi Wilf General...


The last game in AFL history was the AFL All-Star Game, held in Houston's Astrodome on January 17, 1970. The Western All-Stars, led by Chargers quarterback John Hadl, defeated the Eastern All-Stars, 26-3. Hadl was named the game's Most Valuable Player.[39] Prior to the start of the 1970 NFL season, the merged league was split into two conferences of three divisions each. All ten AFL teams made up the bulk of the new American Football Conference. To avoid having 16 teams in one conference and 10 in the other, the leagues voted to move three NFL teams to the AFC. Motivated by the prospect of an intrastate rivalry with the Bengals as well as his personal animosity with Paul Brown, Cleveland Browns owner Art Modell quickly offered to include his team in the AFC. He helped convince the Pittsburgh Steelers (the Browns' archrivals) and Baltimore Colts (who already shared the Baltimore/Washington, D.C. market with the Washington Redskins prior to the merger) to follow suit, and each team received US $3 million to switch.[40][41] All the other NFL squads became part of the National Football Conference. The American Football League did not play an All-Star game after its first season in 1960 but did stage All-Star games for the 1961 through 1969 seasons. ... Reliant Astrodome, also known as the Houston Astrodome or simply the Astrodome, is a domed sports stadium, the first of its kind, located in Houston, Texas. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... John Willard Hadl (born February 15, 1940 in Lawrence, Kansas) was a professional American football player. ... In sports, a Most Valuable Player (MVP) award is an honor typically bestowed upon the best performing player or players on a specific team, in an entire league, or for a particular contest or series of contests. ... The 1970 NFL season was the 51st regular season of the National Football League, and the first one after the AFL-NFL Merger. ... The American Football Conference (AFC) is one of the two conferences of the National Football League (NFL). ... In the National Football League, the Battle of Ohio refers to games played between the Cleveland Browns vs. ... Paul Eugene Brown (September 7, 1908 - August 5, 1991) was an athletics coach of American football and a major figure in the development of the National Football League. ... Arthur B. Modell (born June 23, 1925, Brooklyn, New York) is a former National Football League team owner of the Cleveland Browns from 1961-1995 and the Baltimore Ravens from 1996-2004. ... Steelers redirects here. ... The Browns-Steelers rivalry is a sports rivalry between two teams in the NFL: the Cleveland Browns and the Pittsburgh Steelers. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Redskins (disambiguation). ... National Football Conference logo. ...


Pro Football Hall of Fame kicker Jan Stenerud, who played the majority of his career with the Kansas City Chiefs, was the last AFL player active in the NFL, retiring after the 1985 NFL season when he played for the Minnesota Vikings. The Pro Football Hall of Fame is the hall of fame of the National Football League (NFL). ... An amateur place kicker attempts to kick a field goal Placekicker, or simply Kicker, is the title of the player in American and Canadian football who is responsible for the kicking duties of field goals, extra points, and, in many cases, kickoffs. ... Jan Stenerud (born November 26, 1942, in Fetsund, Norway) is a former football player for the Kansas City Chiefs (1967-1979), Green Bay Packers (1980-1983), and Minnesota Vikings (1984-1985) of the National Football League. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Red, White and Gold Mascot K. C. Wolf (1985-present) Warpaint (1963-1988) Personnel Owner The Hunt Family (Clark Hunt... The 1985 NFL season was the 66th regular season of the National Football League. ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC Central (1970-2001) NFC North (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Purple, Gold, White Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Viktor the Viking, Ragnar Personnel Owner Zygi Wilf General...


Legacy

The AFL stands as the only professional football league to successfully compete against the NFL. When the two leagues merged in 1970, all ten AFL franchises and their statistics became part of the new NFL. Every other professional league that competed against the NFL: the three previous leagues named "American Football League"; the AAFC; the USFL; the WFL; and the XFL folded completely. From an earlier AFL (1936-1937), only the Cleveland Rams, and from the AAFC, Cleveland Browns and San Francisco 49ers joined the NFL and are currently operating (a third AAFC team, the Baltimore Colts, is not related to the current Indianapolis Colts franchise: the original Colts played only one year in the NFL before disbanding at the end of the 1950 season)[28] The All-America Football Conference (AAFC) was a professional American football league that challenged the established National Football League (NFL) from 1946 to 1949. ... “USFL” redirects here. ... WFL logo The World Football League was an American football league that played in 1974 and part of 1975. ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1936) National Football League (1937–present) Western Division (1937-1949) National Conference (1950-1952) Western Conference (1953-1969) Coastal Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Millennium Blue and New Century Gold Personnel Owner Chip... The All-America Football Conference (AAFC) was a professional American football league that challenged the rival National Football League from 1946 to 1949. ...


The NFL adopted many ideas introduced by the AFL, including names on player jerseys and revenue sharing of gate and television receipts. The older league also adopted the practice of using the stadium scoreboard clocks to keep track of the official game time, instead of just having a stop watch used by the referee. The AFL played a 14-game schedule for its entire existence, starting in 1960. The NFL, which had played a 12-game schedule since 1947, changed to a 14-game schedule in 1961, a year after the American Football League instituted it. The AFL also introduced the two-point conversion to professional football thirty-four years before the NFL instituted it in 1994 (college football had adopted the two point conversion in the late 1950s). All of these innovations pioneered by the AFL, including its more exciting style of play and colorful uniforms, have essentially made today's pro football more like the AFL than like the old-line NFL. The AFL's challenge to the NFL also laid the groundwork for the Super Bowl, which has become the standard for championship contests in the US. A stopwatch is a timepiece designed to measure the amount of time elapsed from a particular time when activated and when the piece is deactivated. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy. ...


Hunt's vision not only brought a new professional football league to California and New York, but introduced the sport to Colorado, restored it to Texas and later to fast-growing Florida, as well as bringing it to New England for the first time in 12 years. In addition, the AFL also adopted the first-ever cooperative television plan for professional football, in which the league office negotiated an ABC-TV contract, the proceeds of which were divided equally among member clubs. This article is about the U.S. state. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ...


Three NFL franchises were awarded as a direct result of the AFL's competition with the older league: the Vikings, who were awarded to Max Winter in exchange for dropping his bid to join the AFL; the Falcons, whose franchise went to Rankin Smith to dissuade him from purchasing the AFL's Miami Dolphins; and the Saints, because of successful anti-trust legislation which let the two leagues merge, and was supported by several Louisiana politicians. Thus, if not for the AFL, at least four of current NFL teams would likely not have existed. Further, the success of the expansion process engendered by the AFL-NFL conflict certainly led to more expansion, ultimately to the thirty-two team league as it exists in 2007. League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966–1969) Eastern Division (1966–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC East (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Aqua, Coral, Navy, White Mascot T. D. Personnel Owner H. Wayne Huizenga (50%) and Stephen M. Ross (50%) General Manager...


The AFL also spawned coaches whose style and techniques profoundly affect the play of professional football until this day[citation needed]. In addition to AFL greats like Hank Stram, Lou Saban, Sid Gillman and Al Davis were eventual hall of fame coaches such as Bill Walsh, a protegé of Davis with the AFL Oakland Raiders; and Chuck Noll, who worked for Gillman and the AFL LA/San Diego Chargers from 1960 through 1965. Others include Buddy Ryan (AFL's New York Jets) and John Madden (AFL's Oakland Raiders). Additionally, many prominent coaches began their pro football careers as players in the AFL, including Sam Wyche (Cincinnati Bengals), Marty Schottenheimer (Buffalo Bills), and two-time Super Bowl winner Tom Flores (Oakland Raiders). Flores also has a Super Bowl ring as a player (1969 Kansas City Chiefs). Hank Stram (January 3, 1923 – July 4, 2005), was an American Football coach. ... Lou Saban (born October 13, 1921), a legendary coach in the American Football League, played college football at Indiana University where he was named All-Big Ten as a quarterback one year and All-Big Ten as a fullback in another. ... Sidney Sid Gillman (October 26, 1911 - January 3, 2003) was an American football coach and innovator. ... For other persons named Al Davis, see Al Davis (disambiguation). ... William Ernest Walsh (November 30, 1931 – July 30, 2007) was an American head football coach of the San Francisco 49ers and Stanford University, and the inventor of the West Coast Offense. ... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... Charles Henry Chuck Noll (born January 5, 1932) is a former American football coach, having served as the coach of the Pittsburgh Steelers in the National Football League from 1969 to 1991. ... Chargers redirects here. ... Buddy Ryan (born James David Ryan on February 17, 1934) is a former American football coach. ... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... John Earl Madden (born April 10, 1936) is a former National Football League player, a former head coach with the Oakland Raiders, a football video game magnate and is considered one of the top broadcast analysts for NFL games. ... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... Samuel David Wyche (born January 5, 1945 in Atlanta, Georgia) is a former American football player and head coach, who is best known as the head coach of the Cincinnati Bengals of the NFL. Perhaps best known for introducing the use of the No-huddle offense as a standard offense... City Cincinnati, Ohio Team colors Black, Orange and White Head Coach Marvin Lewis Owner Mike Brown Mascot Who Dey League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1968-1969) Western Division (1968-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC Central (1970-2001) AFC North (2002-present) Team... Martin Edward Schottenheimer (born September 23, 1943 in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania) is an American football coach. ... For other uses, see Buffalo Bills (disambiguation). ... Thomas R. Tom Flores (born March 21, 1937 in Fresno, California) is a retired Mexican-American football quarterback and coach. ... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... The 1969 American Football League season was the 10th regular season of the American Football League, and the last one before the AFL-NFL Merger. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Red, White and Gold Mascot K. C. Wolf (1985-present) Warpaint (1963-1988) Personnel Owner The Hunt Family (Clark Hunt...


Perhaps the greatest social legacy of the AFL was the domino effect of its policy of opportunity for black players, which not only led to the explosion of black talent on the field, but the eventual entry of blacks into scouting, coordinator, and ultimately head coaching positions, long after the league ceased to exist.[42][43] The domino effect refers to a small change which will cause a similar change nearby, which then will cause another similar change, and so on in linear sequence, by analogy to a falling row of dominoes standing on end. ...


The AFL's free agents came from several sources. Some were players who could not find success playing in the NFL, while another source was the Canadian Football League. In the late 1950s, many players released by the NFL, or un-drafted and unsigned out of college by the NFL, went North to try their luck with the CFL, and later returned to the states to play in the AFL. Lions Stampeders Eskimos Roughriders Blue Bombers Tiger-Cats Argonauts Alouettes The Canadian Football League (CFL) (Ligue canadienne de football (LCF) in French), is a professional sports league located in Canada that plays Canadian football. ...


In the league's first years, men like the Oilers' George Blanda, the Chargers/Bills' Jack Kemp, the Texans' Len Dawson, the Titans' Don Maynard, the Raiders/Patriots/Jets' Babe Parilli, the Pats' Bob Dee proved to be AFL standouts. Other players such as the Broncos' Frank Tripucka, the Pats' Gino Cappelletti, the Bills' Cookie Gilchrist and the Chargers' Tobin Rote, Sam Deluca and Dave Kocourek also made their mark to give the fledgling league badly-needed credibility. Rounding out this mix of potential talent were the true "free agents", the walk-ons and the "wanna-be's", who tried out in droves for the chance to play professional football. George Frederick Blanda (b. ... Jack French Kemp Jr. ... Len Dawson (born June 20, 1935) was an American football quarterback from Purdue University who played for three professional teams, most notably the Kansas City Chiefs. ... The very first New York Titan, Don Maynard (born 1935) of Texas Western College (now University of Texas at El Paso) was an example of the lack of player-evaluation skills of NFL teams in the 1960s. ... Vito Babe Parilli (born 1930) of the University of Kentucky was an All-American starting quarterback for the Wildcats under Coach Paul Bear Bryant. ... Categories: Sports stubs ... Francis (Frank) Tripucka (The Trip) (b. ... Gino Cappelletti (born March 26, 1934) is a former American college and professional football player who currently works as a radio announcer. ... Carlton Chester Cookie Gilchrist (born May 25, 1935 in Brackenridge, Pennsylvania) was an American football player in the American Football League. ... Tobin Rote (January 18, 1928 - June 27, 2000) was an American college and professional football player who played quarterback for the NFLs Green Bay Packers and Detroit Lions, the Canadian Football Leagues Toronto Argonauts, and the American Football Leagues San Diego Chargers and Denver Broncos. ... Dave Kocourek was an American college and professional football player who played collegiately at Wisconsin. ...


The American Football League took advantage of the burgeoning popularity of football by locating teams in major cities that lacked NFL franchises, and by using the growing power of televised football games (bolstered with the help of major network contracts, first with ABC and later with NBC). It featured many outstanding games, such as the classic 1962 double-overtime American Football League championship game between the Dallas Texans and the defending champion Houston Oilers. At the time it was the longest professional football championship game ever played. The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... This article is about the television network. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Red, White and Gold Mascot K. C. Wolf (1985-present) Warpaint (1963-1988) Personnel Owner The Hunt Family (Clark Hunt... City Nashville, Tennessee Team colors Navy, Titan Blue, White, and Red Head Coach Jeff Fisher Owner Bud Adams General manager Mike Reinfeldt Mascot T-Rac League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Eastern Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC Central (1970... Below is a list of professional football championship games in the United States, involving: the American Professional Football Association/National Football League, the first professional football league; the All-America Football Conference (AAFC, 1946-1949), the American Football League (AFL, 1960-1969); the World Football League (WFL, 1974); and the...


The AFL appealed to fans by offering a flashier style of play, compared to the more conservative game of the NFL. Long passes ("bombs") were commonplace in AFL offenses, led by such talented quarterbacks as John Hadl, Daryle Lamonica and Len Dawson. John Willard Hadl (born February 15, 1940 in Lawrence, Kansas) was a professional American football player. ... Daryle Lamonica (born July 17, 1941 in Fresno, California) was a college and professional American football quarterback who played in the American Football League, and later in the National Football League. ... Len Dawson (born June 20, 1935) was an American football quarterback from Purdue University who played for three professional teams, most notably the Kansas City Chiefs. ...


After the AFL-NFL merger agreement in 1966, and after the AFL's Jets defeated the "best team in the history of the NFL", the Colts, a popular misconception fostered by the NFL and spread by media reports was that the AFL defeated the NFL because of the Common Draft instituted from 1967 on. This apparently was meant to confirm that until the AFL did not have to compete with the NFL in the draft, it could not achieve parity. But the 1968 Jets had less than a handful of "Common Draftees". Their stars were honed in the AFL, many of them since the Titans days. As noted below, the AFL got its share of stars long before the "Common Draft". City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Players who chose the AFL to develop their talent included Lance Alworth and Ron Mix of the Chargers, who had also been drafted by the NFL's San Francisco 49ers and Baltimore Colts respectively. Both eventually were elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame after earning recognition during their careers as being among the best at their positions. Among specific teams, the 1964 Buffalo Bills stood out by holding their opponents to a pro football record 913 yards rushing on 300 attempts, while also recording fifty quarterback sacks in a fourteen-game schedule. Lance Dwight Alworth (born August 3, 1940 in Houston, Texas) is a former American football wide receiver. ... Ronald Jack Mix was born on March 10, 1938, in Los Angeles, California. ... Chargers redirects here. ... City San Francisco, California Other nicknames Niners, The Red And Gold, Bay Bombers Team colors Cardinal red, metallic gold and black Head Coach Mike Nolan Owner Denise DeBartolo York and John York General manager Lal Heneghan Mascot Sourdough Sam League/Conference affiliations All-America Football Conference (1946-1949) Western Division... The Indianapolis Colts are a professional football team based in Indianapolis, Indiana. ... The Pro Football Hall of Fame is the hall of fame of the National Football League (NFL). ... For other uses, see Buffalo Bills (disambiguation). ...


Another example is cited by the University of Kansas site, which describes the 1961 Bluebonnet Bowl, won by KU, and goes on to say "Two Kansas players, quarterback John Hadl and fullback Curtis McClinton, signed professional contracts on the field immediately after the conclusion of the game. Hadl inked a deal with the [AFL] San Diego Chargers, and McClinton went to the [AFL] Dallas Texans." Between them, in their careers Hadl and McClinton combined for an American Football League Rookie of the Year award, seven AFL All-Star selections, two Pro Bowl selections, a team MVP award, two AFL All-Star Game MVP awards, two AFL championships, and a World Championship. And these were players selected by the AFL long before the "Common Draft". The University of Kansas (often referred to as KU or just Kansas) is an institution of higher learning in Lawrence, Kansas. ... Bluebonnet Bowl was an annual college football bowl game played in Houston, Texas. ... John Willard Hadl (born February 15, 1940 in Lawrence, Kansas) was a professional American football player. ... Curtis McClinton (b June 25, 1939) is a former American Football player. ... Chargers redirects here. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Red, White and Gold Mascot K. C. Wolf (1985-present) Warpaint (1963-1988) Personnel Owner The Hunt Family (Clark Hunt... In each year of its ten-year existence (1960 - 1969), numerous sports-news services named their choice for the American Football Leagues best first-year player. ... The Pro Football Hall of Fame and the NFL include American Football League All-Star Games in their statistics for Pro Bowls. From 1961 through 1969, the AFL East All-Stars played the AFL West All-Stars, with the exception of 1965, when an AFL All-Star team played the... The Pro Football Hall of Fame and the NFL include American Football League All-Star Games in their statistics for Pro Bowls. From 1961 through 1969, the AFL East All-Stars played the AFL West All-Stars, with the exception of 1965, when an AFL All-Star team played the... From 1960 to 1968, the American Football League determined its champion via a single playoff game between the winners of its two divisions (although ties in the standings during the 1963 and 1968 seasons necessitated a divisional playoff game). ... Below is a list of professional football championship games in the United States, involving: the American Professional Football Association/National Football League, the first professional football league; the All-America Football Conference (AAFC, 1946-1949), the American Football League (AFL, 1960-1969); the World Football League (WFL, 1974); and the...


Despite having a national television contract, the AFL often found itself trying to gain a foothold, only to come up against roadblocks. For example, CBS-TV, which broadcast NFL games, ignored and did not report scores from the other league.


"NFL Rejects"

Prompted by the NFL's disdain for the new league, newspaper, radio and TV reporters from NFL cities took to calling former NFL players who went to the AFL "NFL Rejects", implying that if a player had spent time in the NFL and then played with an AFL team, he was "washed up" and not good enough to play in the "superior" NFL.[44]


That assessment was contradicted by the play of the following "NFL Rejects": Jack Kemp, Babe Parilli, Ron McDole, Art Powell, John Tracey, George Blanda, Don Maynard, Len Dawson, and Lionel Taylor. They all started their careers in the AFL. In the American Football League, they all set standards at their respective positions. Jack French Kemp Jr. ... Vito Babe Parilli (born 1930) of the University of Kentucky was an All-American starting quarterback for the Wildcats under Coach Paul Bear Bryant. ... Roland Ron McDole (born September 9, 1939) is an American football player who was nicknamed the Dancing Bear because he was nimble-footed despite his size. ... Art Powell (born 1937) was an American college and professional football player. ... John Tracey (born 1933) was an American college and professional football player. ... George Frederick Blanda (b. ... The very first New York Titan, Don Maynard (born 1935) of Texas Western College (now University of Texas at El Paso) was an example of the lack of player-evaluation skills of NFL teams in the 1960s. ... Len Dawson (born June 20, 1935) was an American football quarterback from Purdue University who played for three professional teams, most notably the Kansas City Chiefs. ... Lionel Thomas Taylor (born August 15, 1935 in Kansas City, Missouri) was an American football wide receiver who led the American Football League in receptions each year for the first six years of its existence. ...


African-American players

The eight new teams of the American Football League essentially made 280 additional positions available for American professional football players. One source of talent that had been traditionally ignored by the NFL was small, historically black colleges. Black players who did manage to make NFL rosters were subject to unwritten but stringent "quotas" for the number of black players on a team and the positions that could be filled by blacks. At that time, there were no black quarterbacks, centers, or middle linebackers in the NFL. Details of the history of black players in American professional football depend on the professional football league considered: the National Football League (NFL), which evolved from the first professional league, the American Professional Football Association, or the American Football League, (AFL), a rival league from 1960 through 1969, which eventually...


The American Football League, in contrast, actively recruited from the black colleges, and used black players at positions not permitted to them in the NFL. For example, in 1963, the AFL's Kansas City Chiefs became the first team in pro football history to use the first overall pick of a draft on a player from a small black college – defensive tackle Buck Buchanan of Grambling State, while the NFL's New York Giants relegated Buchanan to their 19th round pick that year (Buchanan was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1990). Junious Buchanan (Born September 10, 1940, in Gainesville, Alabama, Died July 16, 1992) was a former American Football defensive tackle who played for the Kansas City Chiefs. ... Grambling State University is a historically black university located in Grambling, Louisiana. ...


Eighteen black players from Eddie Robinson's Grambling teams made AFL rosters in the sixties. The larger NFL had just fourteen; on a per-team ratio the AFL had about two Grambling players per team, NFL teams had about one. The same could be said in general for the ratio of all black players in each league. The effect was cumulative, more and more outstanding black players opted for the AFL, recognizing their chances to play were greater there. The Denver Broncos made Marlin Briscoe the first modern starting black quarterback, and Gene Mingo the first ever black placekicker in professional football. Willie Lanier (also destined for the Hall of Fame), for example, became pro football's first black middle linebacker with the Chiefs. Hank Stram's strategic innovations were not the only ideas copied by old-line NFL teams after the merger: so were his "color-blindness" and his team's use of blacks at formerly "white" positions. There are a number of noted individuals named Eddie Robinson: Eddie Robinson, a former American football coach, legendary for his tenure at Grambling State University in Louisiana Eddie Robinson, an American soccer player Eddie Robinson, an American basketball player Eddie Robinson, an American baseball player This is a disambiguation page... Marlin Oliver Briscoe (born September 10, 1945 in Oakland, California) is a former American football professional wide receiver/quarterback who played American professional football for nine years, after playing in college at the University of Nebraska at Omaha. ... Eugene Mingo (born September 22, 1938 in Akron, Ohio) was the first black field goal kicker in professional football in the United States, and was a very versatile American football player, playing several positions including halfback, kicker, and kickoff/punt returner. ... An amateur place kicker attempts to kick a field goal Placekicker, or simply Kicker, is the title of the player in American and Canadian football who is responsible for the kicking duties of field goals, extra points, and, in many cases, kickoffs. ... Willie Edward Lanier (August 21, 1945, Clover, Virginia) is a former American Football linebacker who played for the Kansas City Chiefs. ...


AFL franchises

Division Team First Season Home Stadium AFL Record (W-L-T)[45] AFL Titles
Eastern Boston Patriots 1960 Nickerson Field (1960–62), Fenway Park (1963–68), Alumni Stadium (1969) 64-69-9 0
Buffalo Bills 1960 War Memorial Stadium (1960-1969) 67-71-6 2
Houston Oilers 1960 Jeppesen Stadium (1960–64), Rice Stadium (1965–67), Houston Astrodome (1968–69) 72-69-4 2
Miami Dolphins 1966 Miami Orange Bowl 15-39-2 0
New York Titans/Jets 1960 Polo Grounds (1960–63), Shea Stadium (1964–69) 71-67-6 1
Western Cincinnati Bengals 1968 Nippert Stadium (1968-1969) 7-20-1 0
Dallas Texans/Kansas City Chiefs 1960 Cotton Bowl (1960–62), Municipal Stadium (1963–69) 92-50-5 3
Denver Broncos 1960 Bears Stadium/Mile High Stadium (1960–69) 39-97-4 0
Los Angeles/San Diego Chargers 1960 Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum (1960), Balboa Stadium (1961–66), San Diego Stadium (1967–69) 88-51-6 1
Oakland Raiders 1960 Kezar Stadium (1960), Candlestick Park (1961), Frank Youell Field (1962–65), Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum (1966–69) 80-61-5 1

City Foxborough, Massachusetts Other nicknames The Pats Team colors Nautical Blue, New Century Silver, Red, and White Head Coach Bill Belichick Owner Robert Kraft General manager Bill Belichick (de facto) Mascot Pat Patriot League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–69) Eastern Division (1960–69) National Football League (1970–present... The 1960 American Football League season was the 1st regular season of the American Football League. ... Nickerson Field is a stadium on the site of Braves Field, in Boston, Massachusetts the former home of the National League Boston Braves baseball team, now located in Atlanta, Georgia. ... The 1960 American Football League season was the 1st regular season of the American Football League. ... The 1962 American Football League season was the 3rd regular season of the American Football League. ... Fenway redirects here. ... The 1963 American Football League season was the 4th regular season of the American Football League. ... This article is under construction. ... Alumni Stadium is a football stadium located on the campus of Boston College in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, approximately two miles west of Boston. ... The 1969 American Football League season was the 10th regular season of the American Football League, and the last one before the AFL-NFL Merger. ... For other uses, see Buffalo Bills (disambiguation). ... The 1960 American Football League season was the 1st regular season of the American Football League. ... War Memorial Stadium is the name of a stadium that formerly stood in Buffalo, New York. ... The 1960 American Football League season was the 1st regular season of the American Football League. ... The 1969 American Football League season was the 10th regular season of the American Football League, and the last one before the AFL-NFL Merger. ... City New Orleans, Louisiana Team colors Old Gold, Black, and White Head Coach Sean Payton Owner Tom Benson General manager Mickey Loomis Mascot Gumbo League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1967–present) Eastern Conference (1967-1969) Capitol Division (1967; 1969) Century Division (1968) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC West... The 1960 American Football League season was the 1st regular season of the American Football League. ... John OQuinn Field at Robertson Stadium is a sports stadium in Houston, Texas located on the campus of the University of Houston. ... The 1960 American Football League season was the 1st regular season of the American Football League. ... The 1964 American Football League season was the 5th regular season of the American Football League. ... Rice Stadium is a football stadium located on the Rice University campus in Houston, Texas. ... The 1965 American Football League season was the 6th regular season of the American Football League. ... The 1967 American Football League season was the 8th regular season of the American Football League, and one of the last before the AFL-NFL Merger. ... Reliant Astrodome, also known as the Houston Astrodome or simply the Astrodome, is a domed sports stadium, the first of its kind, located in Houston, Texas. ... This article is under construction. ... The 1969 American Football League season was the 10th regular season of the American Football League, and the last one before the AFL-NFL Merger. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966–1969) Eastern Division (1966–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC East (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Aqua, Coral, Navy, White Mascot T. D. Personnel Owner H. Wayne Huizenga (50%) and Stephen M. Ross (50%) General Manager... This article is under construction. ... The Miami Orange Bowl is a stadium in the City of Miami, Florida, west of Downtown in Little Havana. ... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... The 1960 American Football League season was the 1st regular season of the American Football League. ... The Polo Grounds was the name given to four different stadiums in Manhattan, New York City used by baseballs New York Giants from 1883 until 1957, New York Metropolitans from 1883 until 1885, the New York Yankees from 1912 until 1922, and by the New York Mets in their... The 1960 American Football League season was the 1st regular season of the American Football League. ... The 1963 American Football League season was the 4th regular season of the American Football League. ... This article is about the home of the New York Mets. ... The 1964 American Football League season was the 5th regular season of the American Football League. ... The 1969 American Football League season was the 10th regular season of the American Football League, and the last one before the AFL-NFL Merger. ... City Cincinnati, Ohio Team colors Black, Orange and White Head Coach Marvin Lewis Owner Mike Brown Mascot Who Dey League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1968-1969) Western Division (1968-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC Central (1970-2001) AFC North (2002-present) Team... This article is under construction. ... Nippert Stadium in Cincinnati, Ohio is the University of Cincinnatis football stadium, home to their Bearcats football team in rudimentary form since 1902, and as a complete stadium since 1924. ... This article is under construction. ... The 1969 American Football League season was the 10th regular season of the American Football League, and the last one before the AFL-NFL Merger. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Red, White and Gold Mascot K. C. Wolf (1985-present) Warpaint (1963-1988) Personnel Owner The Hunt Family (Clark Hunt... The 1960 American Football League season was the 1st regular season of the American Football League. ... For the Cotton Bowl game, see Cotton Bowl (game). ... The 1960 American Football League season was the 1st regular season of the American Football League. ... The 1962 American Football League season was the 3rd regular season of the American Football League. ... Kansas City Municipal Stadium was a baseball and football stadium that formerly stood in Kansas City, Missouri. ... The 1963 American Football League season was the 4th regular season of the American Football League. ... The 1969 American Football League season was the 10th regular season of the American Football League, and the last one before the AFL-NFL Merger. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Broncos Navy Blue, Orange, White[1] Mascot Thunder II (live horse) Miles (person in costume suit) Personnel Owner Pat Bowlen... The 1960 American Football League season was the 1st regular season of the American Football League. ... Mile High Stadium (known as Bears Stadium until 1968) was a baseball, soccer and football stadium that stood in Denver, Colorado from 1948-2001. ... The 1960 American Football League season was the 1st regular season of the American Football League. ... The 1969 American Football League season was the 10th regular season of the American Football League, and the last one before the AFL-NFL Merger. ... Chargers redirects here. ... The 1960 American Football League season was the 1st regular season of the American Football League. ... For board track racing circuit, see Los Angeles Coliseum Motordome. ... The 1960 American Football League season was the 1st regular season of the American Football League. ... Balboa Stadium is located in San Diego, California and was built in 1914 as part of the many buildings erected for the 1915 Panama-California Exposition located in Balboa Park. ... The 1961 American Football League season was the 2nd regular season of the American Football League. ... This article is under construction. ... Qualcomm Stadium (a. ... The 1967 American Football League season was the 8th regular season of the American Football League, and one of the last before the AFL-NFL Merger. ... The 1969 American Football League season was the 10th regular season of the American Football League, and the last one before the AFL-NFL Merger. ... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... The 1960 American Football League season was the 1st regular season of the American Football League. ... Kezar Stadium is a stadium located in the southeastern corner of Golden Gate Park in San Francisco, California. ... The 1960 American Football League season was the 1st regular season of the American Football League. ... Monster Park (colloquially, The Stick or Candlestick, after its original name of Candlestick Park) is an outdoor sports and entertainment stadium located in the San Francisco Bay Area in California. ... The 1961 American Football League season was the 2nd regular season of the American Football League. ... Frank Youell Field is a football stadium that formerly stood in Oakland, California. ... The 1962 American Football League season was the 3rd regular season of the American Football League. ... The 1965 American Football League season was the 6th regular season of the American Football League. ... For other uses, see Coliseum. ... This article is under construction. ... The 1969 American Football League season was the 10th regular season of the American Football League, and the last one before the AFL-NFL Merger. ...

AFL playoffs

For more details on this topic, see AFL playoffs.

From 1960 to 1968, the AFL determined its champion via a single-elimination playoff game between the winners of its two divisions. In 1969, a four team tournament was held, with the second-place teams in each division also participating. From 1960 to 1968, the American Football League determined its champion via a single playoff game between the winners of its two divisions. ...


AFL Championship Games

Season Date Winner Winner’s Share Loser Loser’s Share Score Site Attendance
1960 January 1, 1961 Houston Oilers (1) $1,025 Los Angeles Chargers $718 24-16 Jeppesen Stadium, Houston 32,183
1961 December 24, 1961 Houston Oilers (2) $1,792 San Diego Chargers $1,111 10-3 Balboa Stadium, San Diego 29,556
1962 December 23, 1962 Dallas Texans (1) $2,203 Houston Oilers $1,471 20-17 (2OT) Jeppesen Stadium, Houston 37,981
1963 January 5, 1964 San Diego Chargers (1) $2,498 Boston Patriots $1,596 51-10 Balboa Stadium, San Diego 30,127
1964 December 26, 1964 Buffalo Bills (1) $2,668 San Diego Chargers $1,738 20-7 War Memorial Stadium, Buffalo 40,242
1965 December 26, 1965 Buffalo Bills (2) $5,189 San Diego Chargers $3,447 23-0 Balboa Stadium, San Diego 30,361
1966 January 1, 1967 Kansas City Chiefs (2) $5,309 Buffalo Bills $3,799 31-7 War Memorial Stadium, Buffalo 42,080
1967 December 31, 1967 Oakland Raiders (1) $6,321 Houston Oilers $4,996 40-7 Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum, Oakland 53,330
1968 December 29, 1968 New York Jets (1) $7,007 Oakland Raiders $5,349 27-23 Shea Stadium, New York 62,627
1969 January 4, 1970 Kansas City Chiefs (3) $7,755 Oakland Raiders $6,252 17-7 Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum, Oakland 53,561

The 1960 American Football League season was the 1st regular season of the American Football League. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... City Nashville, Tennessee Team colors Navy, Titan Blue, White, and Red Head Coach Jeff Fisher Owner Bud Adams General manager Mike Reinfeldt Mascot T-Rac League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Eastern Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC Central (1970... Chargers redirects here. ... John OQuinn Field at Robertson Stadium is a sports stadium in Houston, Texas located on the campus of the University of Houston. ... The 1961 American Football League season was the 2nd regular season of the American Football League. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Balboa Stadium is located in San Diego, California and was built in 1914 as part of the many buildings erected for the 1915 Panama-California Exposition located in Balboa Park. ... The 1962 American Football League season was the 3rd regular season of the American Football League. ... is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Red, White and Gold Mascot K. C. Wolf (1985-present) Warpaint (1963-1988) Personnel Owner The Hunt Family (Clark Hunt... Overtime is an additional period of play specified under the rules of a sport in order to bring the game to a decision and avoid declaring the contest a tie or draw. ... The 1963 American Football League season was the 4th regular season of the American Football League. ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... The New England Patriots are a National Football League team based in Foxboro, Massachusetts Founded: 1960, as a charter American Football League member. ... The 1964 American Football League season was the 5th regular season of the American Football League. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... For other uses, see Buffalo Bills (disambiguation). ... War Memorial Stadium is the name of a stadium that formerly stood in Buffalo, New York. ... The 1965 American Football League season was the 6th regular season of the American Football League. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... This article is under construction. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... The 1967 American Football League season was the 8th regular season of the American Football League, and one of the last before the AFL-NFL Merger. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... For other uses, see Coliseum. ... This article is under construction. ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... This article is about the home of the New York Mets. ... The 1969 American Football League season was the 10th regular season of the American Football League, and the last one before the AFL-NFL Merger. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

AFL All-Star games

For more details on this topic, see American Football League All-Star games.

The AFL did not play an All-Star game after its first season in 1960, but did stage All-Star games for the 1961 through 1969 seasons. All-Star teams from the Eastern and Western divisions played each other after every season except 1965. That season, the league champion Buffalo Bills played all-stars from the other teams. The Pro Football Hall of Fame and the NFL include American Football League All-Star Games in their statistics for Pro Bowls. From 1961 through 1969, the AFL East All-Stars played the AFL West All-Stars, with the exception of 1965, when an AFL All-Star team played the...


After the 1964 season, the AFL All-Star game had been scheduled for early 1965 in New Orleans' Tulane Stadium. After numerous black players were refused service by a number of area hotels and businesses, black and white players alike called for a boycott. Led by Bills players such as Cookie Gilchrist, the players successfully lobbied to have the game moved to Houston's Jeppesen Stadium.[46] NOLA redirects here. ... Look up Boycott in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Carlton Chester Cookie Gilchrist (born May 25, 1935 in Brackenridge, Pennsylvania) was an American football player in the American Football League. ... John OQuinn Field at Robertson Stadium is a football stadium in Houston, Texas. ...


All-Time AFL Team

For more details on this topic, see American Football League All-Time Team.

As chosen by 1969 AFL Hall of Fame Selection Committee Members:[47] The American Football League (AFL) All- Time Team was selected in 1970 by a panel of hall of fame selectors comprised of professional football writers from American Football League cities. ...

All-Time AFL Team
Offense Defense Special Teams
Position Player Position Player Position Player
Flanker Lance Alworth End Jerry Mays Kicker George Blanda
End Don Maynard Gerry Philbin
Tight end Fred Arbanas Tackle Houston Antwine
Tackle Ron Mix Tom Sestak
Jim Tyrer Linebacker Bobby Bell
Center Jim Otto George Webster
Guard Ed Budde Nick Buoniconti Punter Jerrel Wilson
Billy Shaw Cornerback Willie Brown
Quarterback Joe Namath Dave Grayson
Running back Clem Daniels Safety Johnny Robinson
Paul Lowe George Saimes

Lance Dwight Alworth (born August 3, 1940 in Houston, Texas) is a former American football wide receiver. ... Jerry Mays (born 1939) was an American college and professional football player from Southern Methodist University, where he had been a co-captain and an All-Southwest Conference defensive tackle. ... George Frederick Blanda (b. ... The very first New York Titan, Don Maynard (born 1935) of Texas Western College (now University of Texas at El Paso) was an example of the lack of player-evaluation skills of NFL teams in the 1960s. ... Gerry Philbin, a defensive end from the University of Buffalo, joined the New York Jets in 1964 and played stellar defense for them for nine seasons. ... Fred Arbanas was the first tight end to play for the Kansas City Chiefs and established the tight end position for the Chiefs as a strongpoint. ... Houston Antwine (born April 11, 1939 in Louise, Mississippi) an American college and professional football player from Southern Illinois University, was drafted by the American Football Leagues Boston Patriots in 1961. ... Ronald Jack Mix was born on March 10, 1938, in Los Angeles, California. ... Tom Sestak (March 9, 1936 in Gonzales, Texas - April 3, 1987 in Buffalo, New York), was an American football player. ... Jim Tyrer was an All-American at Ohio State University under Woody Hayes. ... Robert Lee Bell, Jr (Born June 17, 1940, in Shelby, North Carolina) is a former American Football linebacker/defensive end who played for the Kansas City Chiefs. ... James Edwin Otto (born January 5, 1938 in Wausau, Wisconsin) was an American football center for the Oakland Raiders of the American Football League. ... George Webster (born 1945 - ) was a linebacker who played for 10 seasons from 1967 to 1976. ... Ed Budde (born 1940), a product of Rockhurst High School in Kansas City, Missouri and later Michigan State University, was the No. ... Nicholas Anthony Buoniconti is a former AFL and NFL Hall of Fame linebacker, who played for the Boston Patriots and Miami Dolphins. ... Jerrel Wilson (1941-2005) was an American collegiate and professional football player. ... William Lewis Billy Shaw (born December 15, 1938 in Natchez, Mississippi) was an American college and professional football player. ... William Ferdie Brown (Born December 2, 1940, in Yazoo City, Mississippi) is a retired American Football cornerback and is currently on the staff of the Oakland Raiders. ... Joseph William Namath (born May 31, 1943), also known as Broadway Joe, was an American football Hall of Fame quarterback in the American Football League and National Football League during the 1960s and 1970s. ... Dave Grayson (born 1939) played offensive and defensive halfback at the University of Oregon. ... Clem Daniels was an American college and professional football player. ... :See below for others of the same name Johnny Robinson (born 1938) was an American college and professional football player from Louisiana State University. ... Paul Lowe (born September 27, 1936 in Homer, LA) is a retired American football running back who played for the Los Angeles/San Diego Chargers and Kansas City Chiefs of the American Football League from 1960 to 1969. ... George Saimes (born September 15, 1941), an All-American at defensive back and fullback for Michigan State, the Spartan MVP in 1961 and 1962 and a member of their all-time defensive team, joined the Buffalo Bills in 1963. ...

AFL records

The following is a sample of some records set during the existence of the league. The NFL considers AFL statistics and records equivalent to its own.

George Frederick Blanda (b. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Joseph William Namath (born May 31, 1943), also known as Broadway Joe, was an American football Hall of Fame quarterback in the American Football League and National Football League during the 1960s and 1970s. ... Jack French Kemp Jr. ... Carlton Chester Cookie Gilchrist (born May 25, 1935 in Brackenridge, Pennsylvania) was an American football player in the American Football League. ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... James S. Jim Nance (December 30, 1942 - June 16, 1992) was a fullback with the Boston Patriots during their days in the American Football League. ... Clem Daniels was an American college and professional football player. ... Charlie Hennigan is a retired American football player. ... Lionel Thomas Taylor (born August 15, 1935 in Kansas City, Missouri) was an American football wide receiver who led the American Football League in receptions each year for the first six years of its existence. ... Gino Cappelletti (born March 26, 1934) is a former American college and professional football player who currently works as a radio announcer. ... Gino Cappelletti (born March 26, 1934) is a former American college and professional football player who currently works as a radio announcer. ...

Players, coaches, and contributors

The following is a list of players that played for the 1960-1969 American Football League. ... During its ten-year existence (1960 - 1969), the American Football Leagues best player for each year was called the Most Valuable Player by some sports-news sources and the Player of the Year by others. ... In each year of its ten-year existence (1960 - 1969), numerous sports-news services named their choice for the American Football Leagues best first-year player. ... The American Football League (AFL, 1960 - 1969) stocked its teams in two ways: 1) Signing free agents (players whose contracts in other professional football leagues had expired, or who had no professional experience). ...

Commissioners/Presidents of the American Football League

  • Joe Foss, commissioner (November 1959–April 1966)
  • Al Davis, commissioner (April 1966–July 1966)
  • Milt Woodard, president (July 1966–March 1970)

Joseph Jacob Joe Foss (April 17, 1915 – January 1, 2003) was an American politician, an ace fighter pilot, and a recipient of the Medal of Honor in 1943. ... For other persons named Al Davis, see Al Davis (disambiguation). ... Milt Woodard was an American sports writer and sport executive. ...

See also

The American Football League (AFL, 1960 - 1969) stocked its teams in two ways: 1) Signing free agents (players whose contracts in other professional football leagues had expired, or who had no professional experience). ... See also American Football League ... The following is a list of American Football League (AFL) seasons since the inception of the league in 1969 to 1969, the year before it merged with the National Football League (NFL). ... From 1960 to 1968, the American Football League determined its champion via a single playoff game between the winners of its two divisions (although ties in the standings during the 1963 and 1968 seasons necessitated a divisional playoff game). ... During its ten-year existence (1960 - 1969), the American Football Leagues best player for each year was called the Most Valuable Player by some sports-news sources and the Player of the Year by others. ... In each year of its ten-year existence (1960 - 1969), numerous sports-news services named their choice for the American Football Leagues best first-year player. ... This is a list of current and defunct leagues of American football. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Gruver, The American Football League, p. 9.
  2. ^ Gruver, The American Football League, p. 13.
  3. ^ Gruver, The American Football League, pp. 13–14.
  4. ^ Gruver, The American Football League, p. 14.
  5. ^ Gruver, The American Football League, pp. 15–16.
  6. ^ Miller, Going Long, pp. 3–4.
  7. ^ Kansas City Chiefs History - AFL Origins. Retrieved on 2007-02-07.
  8. ^ Gruver, The American Football League, pp. 22–23.
  9. ^ Maiorana, Relentless, p. 65.
  10. ^ Dickey, Just Win, Baby, pp. 7–8.
  11. ^ "NFL History, 1951–1960". NFL.com. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  12. ^ a b c d Loup, Rich. "The AFL: A Football Legacy (Part One)", CNNSI.com, 2001-01-22. Retrieved on 2007-02-08. 
  13. ^ Carter, Al. "Oilers leave rich legacy of low-budget absurdity", Dallas Morning News, 1997-06-30. Retrieved on 2007-02-08. 
  14. ^ Herskowitz, Mickey. "The Foolish Club", Pro Football Weekly, 1974. Retrieved on 2007-02-08. 
  15. ^ 1960 AFL box scores. The NFL History Network. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  16. ^ Steve Sabol (Executive Producer). (2004). Raiders - The Complete History [DVD]. NFL Productions LLC.
  17. ^ a b NFL History, 1961–1970. NFL.com. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  18. ^ New York Jets history. Sports Encyclopedia. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  19. ^ Jets history - 1962. NewYorkJets.com. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  20. ^ Jets history - 1963. NewYorkJets.com. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  21. ^ 1962 standings. Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  22. ^ a b Chiefs timeline - 1960s. KCChiefs.com. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  23. ^ Barber, Phil. "Gillman laid foundation for all who followed". NFL.com. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  24. ^ 1964 box scores. NFL History Network. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  25. ^ a b c d Silverman, Steve. "The 'Other' League", Pro Football Weekly, 1994-11-07. Retrieved on 2007-02-08. 
  26. ^ "Miami Dolphins Historical Highlights". MiamiDolphins.com. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  27. ^ Dickey, pp. 38–39.
  28. ^ a b c Cross, B. Duane. "The AFL: A Football Legacy (Part Two)", CNNSI.com, 2001-01-22. Retrieved on 2007-02-08. 
  29. ^ Maule, Tex. "Green Bay, Handily", Sports Illustrated, 1968-01-22. Retrieved on 2007-02-09. 
  30. ^ Brown, PB - The Paul Brown Story
  31. ^ a b "He guaranteed it". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved on 2007-02-09.
  32. ^ Baltimore Colts history. Sports Encyclopedia. Retrieved on 2007-02-09.
  33. ^ Jackman, Phil. "Lifetime guarantee; Jets-Colts", Baltimore Sun, 1999-01-12. Retrieved on 2007-02-09. 
  34. ^ "Page 2's List for top upset in sports history". Page2. Retrieved on 2007-02-09.
  35. ^ Wankel, Bob. "Eagles can win with right strategy", The Courier-Post, 2005-02-01. Retrieved on 2007-02-09. 
  36. ^ Gooden, Kenneth. "Can Hornets match greatest all-time upsets?", The State Hornet, 2003-11-19. Retrieved on 2007-02-09. 
  37. ^ Shamsky, The Magnificent Seasons, p. 5.
  38. ^ Super Bowl IV box score. SuperBowl.com. Retrieved on 2007-02-09.
  39. ^ 1970 AFL All-Start Game recap. Retrieved on 2007-02-09.
  40. ^ Forbes, Gordon. "This time, realignment will be cool breeze", USA Today, 2001-03-22. Retrieved on 2007-02-09. 
  41. ^ "Moment 26: Enter Art". ClevelandBrowns.com. Retrieved on 2007-02-09.
  42. ^ Jim Acho (1997). The "Foolish Club". Gridiron Press. OCLC 38596883.  Foreword by Miller Farr.
  43. ^ Charles K. Ross (1999). Outside the Lines: African Americans and the Integration of the National Football League. New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-7495-4. 
  44. ^ Book, "Blanda" by Wells Twombly, p. 194
  45. ^ Includes postseason games.
  46. ^ "Black football players boycott AFL All-Star game". The African American Registry. Retrieved on 2007-02-09.
  47. ^ 2001 National Football League Record and Fact Book, p. 405, Edited by Randal Liu and Matt Marini, Workman Publishing Company, New York, ISBN 0-7611-2480-2

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Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Steven Sabol is the president, and one of the founding members, of NFL Films. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The first issue of Sports Illustrated, August 16, 1954, showing Milwaukee Braves star Eddie Mathews at bat in Milwaukee County Stadium. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Baltimore Sun is the major newspaper in Baltimore, Maryland, with a daily press run of about 430,000 copies, and a Sunday run of 540,000 copies. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) was founded in 1967 and originally named the Ohio College Library Center. ... Miller Farr Jr. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Brown, Paul; Jack Clary (1979). PB, The Paul Brown Story. New York: Atheneum. ISBN 0-6891-0985-7. 
  • Dickey, Glenn (1991). Just Win, Baby: Al Davis & His Raiders. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich. ISBN 0-15-146580-0. 
  • Gruver, Ed (1997). The American Football League: A Year-By-Year History, 1960-1969. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 0-7864-0399-3. 
  • History: The AFL - Pro Football Hall of Fame link
  • Maiorana, Sal (1994). Relentless: The Hard-Hitting History of Buffalo Bills Football. Lenexa, Kansas: Quality Sports Publications. ISBN 1-8857-5800-6. 
  • Miller, Jeff (2003). Going Long: The Wild Ten-Year Saga of the Renegade American Football League In the Words of Those Who Lived It. McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-0714-1849-0. 
  • Shamsky, Art; Barry Zeman (2004). The Magnificent Seasons: How the Jets, Mets, and Knicks Made Sports History and Uplifted a City and the Country. New York: Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN 0-3123-3358-7. 

Paul Eugene Brown (September 7, 1908 - August 5, 1991) was an athletics coach of American football and a major figure in the development of the National Football League. ...

Further reading

  • Jack Horrigan and Mike Rathet, The Other League/The Fabulous Story of the American Football League
  • Jack Orr, We Came of Age/A Picture History of the American Football League
  • George Sullivan, Touchdown!/The Picture History of the American Football League
  • Sal Maiorana, If You Can't Join 'Em, Beat 'Em: A Remembrance of the American Football League, ISBN 1-4107-4942-8

Jack Horrigan (1926-1973) was a Buffalo Evening News sportswriter and American Football League Public Relations Director who went on to serve in public relations for the Buffalo Bills. ... George Red Sullivan was born on the 24th of December, 1929 in Peterborough, Ontario, Canada. ...

External links

  • RemembertheAFL.com Website
  • aflfootball.tripod.com
  • The Summer of the Little Super Bowls
  • KU story on Hadl and McClinton signings with the AFL
  • PFRA article about the 1926 seasons of both the NFL and AFL
  • PFRA article about the 1930s and 40s AFL
NFL redirects here. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... MNF redirects here. ... In professional American football, the Pro Bowl is the all-star game of the National Football League (NFL). ... The Pro Football Hall of Fame Game is an annual National Football League pre-season exhibition game that is held a few days after the Pro Football Hall of Fames induction ceremonies. ... The logo for the 2002 concert event before the Kickoff Game The NFL Kickoff game, and related festivities, mark the start of the National Football League season. ... Official logo of the National Football League Playoffs The National Football League (NFL) playoffs are a single-elimination tournament held at the end of the 16-game regular season to determine the NFL champion. ... The 1960 American Football League season was the 1st regular season of the American Football League. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... The 1964 American Football League season was the 5th regular season of the American Football League. ... Beginning in the 1970 NFL season, the National Football League began scheduling a weekly regular season game on Monday night before a national television audience. ... Beginning in the 1970 NFL season, the National Football League began scheduling a weekly regular season game on Monday night before a national television audience. ... The television rights to broadcast National Football League (NFL) games are the most lucrative and expensive rights of any sport. ... The following is a list of the television networks and announcers who have called the American Football League Championship Game during its existence. ... Gary Bender (#2 play-by-play, 1987) Chris Berman (halftime host, 1996–1997 and during wild card playoffs and Super Bowls) Howard Cosell (color commentator, 1970–1983) Gary Danielson (color commentator for 2003 Wild Card Game) Eric Dickerson (sideline reporter, 2000–2001) Dan Dierdorf (color commentator, 1987–1998) Boomer Esiason... The following is a list of the television networks and announcers who have called the National Football League Championship Game from the 1940s until the 1969 NFL season. ... The following is a list of the television networks and announcers who have called the National Football Leagues Pro Bowl throughout the years. ... This is a list of Super Bowl broadcasters, that is, all of the American television networks and sports announcers that have broadcast the championship game of the National Football League. ... National Football League lore is a collection of information that NFL fans retain and share. ... The Music City Miracle is a famous play in the NFL Wild Card Playoffs involving the Tennessee Titans and Buffalo Bills that took place on January 8, 2000 (following the 1999 regular season) at Adelphia Coliseum in Nashville, Tennessee. ... The officiating in Super Bowl XL was met with harsh criticism from both the fans and the media soon after the game. ... In this famous image, Kevin Dyson tries to extend the ball into the end zone as Mike Jones brings him down. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Charles Fox was born and raised in New York City. ... Heavy Action is a piece of music composed by Johnny Pearson that is best known for its use on Monday Night Football. ... Edward Woodley Edd Kalehoff is a music composer who specializes in compositions for television. ... Johnny Pearson (born June 18, 1925) is a British composer and pianist. ... This article is about Hank Williams, Jr. ... The 1948 National Football League Championship game was the 16th NFL title game played. ... The 1950 National Football League championship game was the 18th NFL title game. ... Date January 20, 1985 Stadium Stanford Stadium City Stanford, California MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 3 National anthem Childrens Choir of Los Angeles Coin toss Ronald Reagan (via satellite from the White House) and Hugh McElhenny Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show World of Childrens Dreams with... Date January 31, 1988 Stadium Jack Murphy Stadium City San Diego, California MVP Doug Williams, Quarterback Favorite Broncos by 3 National anthem Herb Alpert Coin toss Don Hutson Referee Bob McElwee Halftime show Chubby Checker and The Rockettes Attendance 73,302 TV in the United States Network ABC Announcers Al... Date January 27, 1991 Stadium Tampa Stadium City Tampa, Florida MVP Ottis Anderson, Running back Favorite Bills by 6 National anthem Whitney Houston Coin toss Pete Rozelle Referee Jerry Seeman Halftime show New Kids on the Block Attendance 73,813 TV in the United States Network ABC Announcers Al Michaels... Date January 29, 1995 Stadium Joe Robbie Stadium City Miami, Florida MVP Steve Young, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 18½ National anthem Kathie Lee Gifford Coin toss Otto Graham, Joe Greene, Ray Nitschke, and Gale Sayers Referee Jerry Markbreit Halftime show Tony Bennett, Patti LaBelle, Arturo Sandoval, Miami Sound Machine Attendance... Date January 30, 2000 Stadium Georgia Dome City Atlanta, Georgia MVP Kurt Warner, Quarterback Favorite Rams by 7 National anthem Faith Hill Coin toss Super Bowl IV participants: Bud Grant, Lamar Hunt, Bobby Bell, Paul Krause, Willie Lanier, Alan Page, and Jan Stenerud Referee Bob McElwee Halftime show Phil Collins... Date January 26, 2003 Stadium Qualcomm Stadium City San Diego MVP Dexter Jackson, Safety Favorite Raiders by 4 National anthem Dixie Chicks and Celine Dion (God Bless America) Coin toss 1972 Miami Dolphins: Don Shula, Bob Griese, Larry Csonka, Larry Little, Jim Langer, Nick Buoniconti, Paul Warfield Referee Bill Carollo... Date February 5, 2006 Stadium Ford Field City Detroit, Michigan MVP Hines Ward, wide receiver Favorite Steelers by 4 National anthem Aaron Neville, Aretha Franklin and Dr. John, ASL performed by Angela LaGuardia Coin toss Tom Brady Referee Bill Leavy Halftime show The Rolling Stones Attendance 68,206 TV in... The NFL on NBC is the brand given to NBC Sports coverage of National Football League games until 1998, when NBC lost the NFL American Football Conference rights to CBS. NFL coverage returned to NBC on Sunday, August 6, 2006 under the title NBC Sunday Night Football [1], beginning its... Football Night in America is the studio show preceding NBCs broadcasts of Sunday night National Football League (NFL) games starting in the 2006 NFL season. ... The logo for the 2002 concert event before the Kickoff Game The NFL Kickoff game, and related festivities, mark the start of the National Football League season. ... NBC Sunday Night Football is a weekly television broadcast of Sunday evening National Football League games on NBC that began airing on Sunday, August 6, 2006 with the pre-season opening Hall of Fame Game. ... // GrandStand The first official NFL on NBC pregame show was called GrandStand, a program that doubled as an ABCs Wide World of Sports knockoff in the off-season. ... From 1985-1986, the NBC Radio Network was the official, national radio provider for National Football League games. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is under construction. ... The television rights to broadcast National Football League (NFL) games are the most lucrative and expensive rights of any sport. ... Beginning in 2006, NBC Sunday Night Football is the exclusive broadcaster of primetime Sunday night NFL games. ... The following is a list of the television networks and announcers who have called the American Football Conference Championship Game throughout the years. ... The following is a list of the television networks and announcers who have called the American Football League Championship Game during its existence. ... The first name thats slated is the play-by-play man while the color commentator or commentators are slated second. ... Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Mike Adamle Frankie Albert Marv Albert Lionel Aldrige Mel Allen Lyle Alzado Ken Anderson Elmer Angsman Pete Axthelm Sam Balter... The following is a list of the television networks and announcers who have called the National Football League Championship Game from the 1940s until the 1969 NFL season. ... The following is a list of the television networks and announcers who have called the National Football Leagues Pro Bowl throughout the years. ... This is a list of Super Bowl broadcasters, that is, all of the American television networks and sports announcers that have broadcast the championship game of the National Football League. ... National Football League lore is a collection of information that NFL fans retain and share. ... In American football, The Comeback refers to the January 3, 1993 NFL playoff game between the Buffalo Bills and the Houston Oilers, one of the most memorable NFL games ever played. ... The Drive refers to the January 11, 1987 AFC Championship Game between the Denver Broncos and the Cleveland Browns. ... The Epic In Miami is the name given to a National Football League AFC divisional playoff game between the San Diego Chargers and the Miami Dolphins that took place on January 2, 1982 in the Miami Orange Bowl. ... The Fumble refers to a specific incident in the January 17, 1988 AFC Championship Game between the Cleveland Browns and the Denver Broncos. ... In American football, the Heidi Game (also sometimes called the Heidi Bowl) refers to a famous 1968 American Football League (AFL) game between the New York Jets and the Oakland Raiders, played on November 17 in Oakland, California. ... In American football, the Holy Roller (known as the Immaculate Deception by San Diego Chargers fans) was an infamous, controversial game-winning play executed by the Oakland Raiders against the Chargers on September 10, 1978 (see 1978 in sports). ... Ghost to the Post is a significant play in NFL history. ... The 1958 National Football League Championship Game was played on December 28, 1958 at Yankee Stadium in New York City. ... The Immaculate Reception is the nickname given to one of the most controversial plays in the history of American football. ... Red Right 88 was the designation of a Cleveland Browns passing play that was most prominently called during the January 4, 1981 American Football Conference playoff game against the Oakland Raiders. ... During the Snowplow Game, a snow plow was used to clear an area where the ball was to be spotted for a field goal attempt. ... Randy Edelman (born 10 June 1947) is a well known film and TV score composer born in Paterson, New Jersey. ... John Frank Tesh (born July 9, 1952) is an American pianist and composer of new age and contemporary Christian music. ... For other persons named John Williams, see John Williams (disambiguation). ... The 1955 National Football League Championship Game was held at the Los Angeles Coliseum between the Eastern Conference champion Cleveland Browns and the Western Conference champion Los Angeles Rams. ... In the 1956 National Football League Championship Game played at Yankee Stadium in New York City on 30 December 1956, the New York Giants defeated the Chicago Bears 47-7. ... The 1957 National Football League championship game was the 25th annual championship game. ... The 1958 National Football League Championship Game was played on December 28, 1958 at Yankee Stadium in New York City. ... The 1959 National Football League Championship Game was played on December 27, 1959 at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore, Maryland. ... The 1960 National Football League championship game was the 28th NFL title game. ... The 1961 National Football League championship game was the 29th title game. ... The 1962 National Football League championship game was the 30th NFL title game. ... The 1963 National Football League Championship Game was played on December 29, 1963 at Wrigley Field in Chicago. ... Date January 15, 1967 Stadium Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum City Los Angeles MVP Bart Starr, Quarterback Favorite Packers by 14 National anthem University of Arizona and Grambling State University Bands Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show University of Arizona and Grambling State University Bands Attendance 61,946... Date January 12, 1969 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Joe Namath, Quarterback Favorite Colts by 18 National anthem Anita Bryant Coin toss Tom Bell Referee Tom Bell Halftime show America Thanks with Florida A&M University Attendance 75,389 TV in the United States Network NBC Announcers... Date January 17, 1971 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Chuck Howley, Linebacker, Cowboys Favorite Cowboys by 2 National anthem Tommy Loy (Trumpeter) Coin toss Norm Schachter Referee Norm Schachter Halftime show Southeast Missouri State College Marching Golden Eagles with Anita Bryant Band Attendance 79,204 TV in... Date January 14, 1973 Stadium Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum City Los Angeles, California MVP Jake Scott, Safety Favorite Redskins by 1 National anthem Andy Williams Little Angels of Holy Angels Church, Chicago Coin toss Game referee Referee Tom Bell Halftime show Woody Herman and the University of Michigan Band Attendance... Date January 12, 1975 Stadium Tulane Stadium City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Franco Harris, Running back Favorite Steelers by 3 National anthem Grambling State University Band Coin toss Game referee Referee Bernie Ulman Halftime show Tribute to Duke Ellington with Mercer Ellington and Grambling State University Band Attendance 80,997... Date January 9, 1977 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Fred Biletnikoff, Wide Receiver Favorite Raiders by 4 1/2 National anthem Vikki Carr (America the Beautiful) Coin toss Jim Tunney Referee Jim Tunney Halftime show Disney presents Its A Small World with the Los Angeles Unified... Date January 21, 1979 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Terry Bradshaw, Quarterback Favorite Steelers by 3 1/2 National anthem The Colgate Thirteen Coin toss George Halas Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show Bob Jani Productions present Carnival Salute to Caribbean with various Caribbean bands Attendance 79,484... Date January 25, 1981 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Jim Plunkett, Quarterback Favorite Eagles by 3 National anthem Helen OConnell Coin toss Marie Lombardi Referee Ben Dreith Halftime show Jim Skinner Productions presents Mardi Gras Festival Attendance 76,135 TV in the United States Network NBC... Date January 30, 1983 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP John Riggins, Running back Favorite Dolphins by 3 National anthem Leslie Easterbrook Coin toss Elroy Hirsch Referee Jerry Markbreit Halftime show Bob Jani Productions presents KaleidoSUPERscope with the Los Angeles Super Drill Team Attendance 103,667 TV in... Date January 26, 1986 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Richard Dent, Defensive end Favorite Bears by 10 National anthem Wynton Marsalis Coin toss Bart Starr representing previous Super Bowl MVPs Referee Red Cashion Halftime show Up with People presents Beat of the Future Attendance 73,818 TV... Date January 22, 1989 Stadium Joe Robbie Stadium City Miami, Florida MVP Jerry Rice, Wide receiver Favorite 49ers by 7 National anthem Billy Joel Coin toss Nick Buoniconti, Bob Griese, and Larry Little Referee Jerry Seeman Halftime show Be Bop Bamboozled - South Florida-area dancers and performers, and 3-D... Date January 31, 1993 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Troy Aikman, Quarterback Favorite Cowboys by 7 National anthem Garth Brooks Coin toss O.J. Simpson Referee Dick Hantak Halftime show Michael Jackson Attendance 98,374 TV in the United States Network NBC Announcers Dick Enberg and Bob... Date January 30, 1994 Stadium Georgia Dome City Atlanta, Georgia MVP Emmitt Smith, Running back Favorite Cowboys by 10 National anthem Natalie Cole Coin toss Joe Namath Referee Bob McElwee Halftime show Wynonna Judd, Naomi Judd, Clint Black, Travis Tritt, Tanya Tucker Attendance 72,817 TV in the United States... Date January 28, 1996 Stadium Sun Devil Stadium City Tempe, Arizona MVP Larry Brown, Cornerback Favorite Cowboys by 13 1/2 National anthem Vanessa Williams Coin toss Joe Montana representing previous Super Bowl MVPs Referee Red Cashion Halftime show Diana Ross Attendance 76,347 TV in the United States Network... Date January 25, 1998 Stadium Qualcomm Stadium City San Diego MVP Terrell Davis, Running back Favorite Packers by 11 1/2 National anthem Jewel Coin toss Joe Gibbs, Doug Williams, Eddie Robinson Referee Ed Hochuli Halftime show Boyz II Men, Smokey Robinson, The Temptations, and The Four Tops Attendance 68... Super Bowl XLIII will be the 43rd Super Bowl, the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... Super Bowl XLVI will be the 46th Super Bowl, the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ...

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American Football League - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (4148 words)
The American Football League (AFL) was a professional league of American football that operated from 1960 to 1969.
Of all the leagues that have attempted to challenge the dominance of the National Football League, the AFL was the only one to have all its teams integrated into the fabric of the NFL.
The American Football League took advantage of the burgeoning popularity of football by locating teams in major cities that lacked NFL franchises, and by using the growing power of televised football games (bolstered with the help of major network contracts, first with ABC and later with NBC).
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Paul Lowe (803 words)
He returned his first touch of the football in the AFL for a 105-yard touchdown in the Chargers' first-ever exhibition game, and had the Chargers' longest run from scrimmage with an 87-yard run in 1961.
AFL logo The American Football League (AFL) was a professional league of American football that operated from 1960 to 1969.
Lowe had the American Football League's all-time highest rushing average, at 4.89 yds/carry, and set a pro football record with six games in which he gained 100 or more yards on 14 or fewer carries.
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