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Encyclopedia > American Expeditionary Force Siberia
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The American Expeditionary Force Siberia (AEF Siberia) was the involvement of U.S. troops, during the tail end of World War I and the Russian Revolution, in Vladivostok, Russia, from 1918 and 1920. For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... Jump to: navigation, search World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machineguns, and poison gas World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of... Jump to: navigation, search The phrase Russian Revolution can refer to the following events in the history of Russia. ... Vladivostok Train Station. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events WIKIPEDIA EATS VAGINA January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ...


President Woodrow Wilson's motivation for sending troops to Siberia stemmed from the same desires that drove him to try to impose the Paris Peace Treaty on Europe: the promotion of democracy and self-determination. But first and foremost, he wanted to protect the billion-dollar investment of American guns and equipment along the Trans-Siberian Railway. Vast quantities of supplies had been sent when America believed that Russia was capable of fighting and winning against the Central Powers in the spring of 1917.[1]

Contents

The Polar Bear Expedition (also known as the Northern Russian Expedition) was the involvement of U.S. troops, during the tail end of World War I and the Russian Revolution, in fighting the Bolsheviks in Arkhangelsk, Russia in 1918 and 1919, having been sent there on the pretext of halting... A 19th-century view of Arkhangelsk port. ...


American Expeditionary Force Siberia

Bolshvek killed at Vladivostok
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Bolshvek killed at Vladivostok

In Vladivostok, the American Expeditionary Force Siberia, commanded by Major General William Graves, was made up of 8,000 troops. Major General William Graves later wrote a book about the experience. (See Further reading, below) Vladivostok Train Station. ... Vladivostok Train Station. ...


Although General Graves did not arrive in Siberia until September 4, 1918, some American troops had arrived as early as August 15, 1918, and quickly took up guard duty along segments of the railway between Vladivostok and Nikolsk in the north.[2]


Calling for restraint, Graves clashed repeatedly with commanders of British, French and Japanese forces.


Graves' U.S. Military Academy obituary says, "His administration of a distasteful duty won him the respect of the Russian people who felt that the restraint imposed on other commanders by Gen. Graves assisted in checking Allied intentions to dismember their country."[3]


Logistical problems and casualties

The experience in Russia for the soldiers was miserable. Problems with fuel, ammunition, supplies and food were widespread. Horses accustomed to temperate climates were unable to function in sub-zero Russia. Water-cooled machine guns froze and became useless. The enemy was an experienced Red Army that understood the climate and terrain.


In both the Polar Bear Expedition and the American Expeditionary Force Siberia, the Army lost about 150 soldiers killed in action, 50 who died of wounds, 150 who died of disease and 50 lost to accidental causes, and six committed suicide.[4] The Polar Bear Expedition (also known as the Northern Russian Expedition) was the involvement of U.S. troops, during the tail end of World War I and the Russian Revolution, in fighting the Bolsheviks in Arkhangelsk, Russia in 1918 and 1919, having been sent there on the pretext of halting...


See also

The Polar Bear Expedition (also known as the Northern Russian Expedition) was the involvement of U.S. troops, during the tail end of World War I and the Russian Revolution, in fighting the Bolsheviks in Arkhangelsk, Russia in 1918 and 1919, having been sent there on the pretext of halting... Jump to: navigation, search North Russia Campaign Arkhangelsk Oblast May 1918 – Sept 1919 Polar Bear Expedition Russian Civil War North Russia Relief Force // Introduction The North Russia Campaign (also known as the Northern Russian Expedition or the Allied Intervention in North Russia) was the involvement of international troops part of...

External links

Further Reading on the invasion of Russia

  • Free eBook of With the "Die-Hards" in Siberia at Project Gutenberg (1920; Reprint 2004 Reprint ISBN 1419194461)
  • Goldhurst, Richard (1978). The Midnight War, McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0070236631
  • Guins, George Constantine (1969). The Siberian intervention, 1918-1919, Russian Review Inc. ASIN B0007FQDTU
  • Hendrick, Michael (1972). An Investigation of American Siberian intervention (1918-1920), Texas Southern University. ASIN: B0006W99ZE
  • Hudson, Miles (2004). Intervention in Russia 1918-1920 : A Cautionary Tale, Pen and Sword. ISBN 184415033X
  • Kindall, Sylvian G. (1945). American Soldiers in Siberia, Richard R. Smith. ASIN B000BFHTSU
  • Willett Jr., Robert L (2005). Russian Sideshow: America's Undeclared War, 1918-1920, Potomac Books. ISBN 1574887068
  • White, John Albert (1950). The Siberian Intervention, Princeton University Press. ASIN: B0007EGUTO

Jump to: navigation, search Project Gutenberg (often abbreviated as PG) is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive, and distribute cultural works. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events WIKIPEDIA EATS VAGINA January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... Asin is a a Filipino rock band. ... Asin is a a Filipino rock band. ... Asin is a a Filipino rock band. ... Asin is a a Filipino rock band. ...

Further Reading specifically on the AEF Siberia

  • Gordon, Dennis (1940). Americas Siberian Adventure, 1918-1920, Ayer Co Pub. ISBN 0405030835
  • Graves, William S. (1982). Quartered in Hell: The Story of the American North Russia Expeditionary Force 1918-1919, G O S. ISBN 0942258002
  • Maddox, Robert James (1977). The Unknown War with Russia: Wilson's Siberian intervention, Presidio Press. ISBN 0891410139
  • Unterberger, Betty Miller (1969). America's Siberian Expedition 1918-1920 : A Study of National Policy, Greenwood Press Reprint. ISBN 0837107261

Footnotes

  1. ^  Guarding the Railroad, Taming the Cossacks The U.S. Army in Russia, 1918 - 1920, Smith, Gibson Bell
  2. ^  American soldiers faced Red Army on Russian soil, Army Times, September 16, 2002

  Results from FactBites:
 
Polar Bear Expedition - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1222 words)
See American Expeditionary Force Siberia for information on the 10,000 American soldiers who were sent to Vladivostok, Russia at the same time.
During their time in North Russia, the American forces suffered more than 110 deaths from battle, plus about 30 missing and 70 deaths from disease, 90% of which were caused by the Spanish Flu.
In March 1919, four American soldiers in Company B of the 339th Infantry drew up a petition protesting their continued presence in Russia and were court-martialed.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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