FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
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Encyclopedia > American Association (19th century)

The American Association (AA) was a baseball major league from 1882 to 1891. A view of the playing field at Busch Stadium II St. ... 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


The "AA" offered cheaper ticket prices and more liberal libations to its patrons, and became known as "The Beer and Whiskey League", especially by supporters of the National League, in reference to the fact that many of its biggest backers were breweries and distilleries. This nickname is ironic in view of the fact that "AA" is now most commonly used to mean Alcoholics Anonymous. Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is an international community of Witchcraft and Sorceryalcoholics who meet in groups. ...


Together with the National League, the American Association participated in an early version of the World Series seven times during their ten-year coexistence. The National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs, or simply the National League, is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball in the United States and Canada. ... For other events named World Series, see World Series (disambiguation). ...


The National League won most of those encounters, while some ended in ties due to disputes or other issues. The only victory for the American Association came in 1886 when the St. Louis Browns (now Cardinals) defeated the Chicago White Stockings (now Cubs). 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,2,6,9,14,17,20,42,45,85 Name St. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Name Chicago Cubs (1902–present) Chicago Orphans (1898-1901) Chicago Colts (1890-1897) Chicago White Stockings (1870-1889) (a. ...


Over that decade, the AA was weakened by several factors. One was the tendency of some of its teams to jump to the NL. The consistently stronger NL also put it in better position to survive adverse conditions. The most significant blow to the AA was dealt by the Players' League, a third major league in 1890, which siphoned off talent and gate receipts. The Players League, also known as The Brotherhood, was an attempt to establish a third major baseball league in 1890. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1890 throughout the world. ...


In a unique historical oddity, Brooklyn represented the AA in the 1889 World's Series, switched leagues in the off-season, and represented the NL in 1890. Brooklyn lost the 1889 Series, and the 1890 Series ended in a 3-3-1 draw, left unresolved due to growing animosity between the leagues. The following are the baseball events of the year 1889 throughout the world. ...


The living legacy of the old Association is the teams that came over to the National League to stay, the teams now known as the Pittsburgh Pirates, Cincinnati Reds, Los Angeles Dodgers and St. Louis Cardinals. Major league affiliations National League (1887–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,4,8,9,20,21,33,40 Name Pittsburgh Pirates (1891–present) Pittsburgh Innocents (1890) (Also referred to as Infants in 1890) Pittsburg Alleghenies (1882-1889) Ballpark PNC Park (2001–present) Three Rivers Stadium... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,5,8,10,18,20,24 Name Cincinnati Reds (1876–present) (Referred to as Redlegs 1953-1958) Ballpark Great American Ball Park (2003–present) Riverfront Stadium (1970-2002) a. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,2,4,19,20,24,32,39,42,53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1911-1912), (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) (Also referred to as Trolley Dodgers 1911-1931) Brooklyn... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,2,6,9,14,17,20,42,45,85 Name St. ...

Contents

Pennant winners of the AA

Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,5,8,10,18,20,24 Name Cincinnati Reds (1876–present) (Referred to as Redlegs 1953-1958) Ballpark Great American Ball Park (2003–present) Riverfront Stadium (1970-2002) a. ... For the baseball team that played in the National Association 1871-1875 and in the National League in 1876, see: Athletic of Philadelphia. ... The Metropolitan Club (the New York Metropolitans or the Mets) was a 19th century professional baseball team that played from 1880 to 1887. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,2,6,9,14,17,20,42,45,85 Name St. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,2,6,9,14,17,20,42,45,85 Name St. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,2,6,9,14,17,20,42,45,85 Name St. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,2,6,9,14,17,20,42,45,85 Name St. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,2,4,19,20,24,32,39,42,53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1911-1912), (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) (Also referred to as Trolley Dodgers 1911-1931) Brooklyn... The Louisville Colonels were a Major League Baseball team that played in the American Association throughout that leagues ten-year existence from 1882 until 1891, first as the Louisville Eclipse (1882- 1884) and later as the Louisville Colonels (1885 -1891). ... The Boston Reds were a 19th century baseball team located in Boston, Massachusetts that played in the Players League in 1890 and in the American Association in 1891. ...

American Association franchises

The Baltimore Orioles were a 19th century American Association and National League team from 1882 to 1899. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,5,8,10,18,20,24 Name Cincinnati Reds (1876–present) (Referred to as Redlegs 1953-1958) Ballpark Great American Ball Park (2003–present) Riverfront Stadium (1970-2002) a. ... The Louisville Colonels were a Major League Baseball team that played in the American Association throughout that leagues ten-year existence from 1882 until 1891, first as the Louisville Eclipse (1882- 1884) and later as the Louisville Colonels (1885 -1891). ... For the baseball team that played in the National Association 1871-1875 and in the National League in 1876, see: Athletic of Philadelphia. ... Major league affiliations National League (1887–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,4,8,9,20,21,33,40 Name Pittsburgh Pirates (1891–present) Pittsburgh Innocents (1890) (Also referred to as Infants in 1890) Pittsburg Alleghenies (1882-1889) Ballpark PNC Park (2001–present) Three Rivers Stadium... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,2,6,9,14,17,20,42,45,85 Name St. ... The Louisville Colonels were a Major League Baseball team that played in the American Association throughout that leagues ten-year existence from 1882 until 1891, first as the Louisville Eclipse (1882- 1884) and later as the Louisville Colonels (1885 -1891). ... The Columbus Buckeyes were a baseball team in the American Association from 1883 to 1884. ... The Metropolitan Club (the New York Metropolitans or the Mets) was a 19th century professional baseball team that played from 1880 to 1887. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,2,4,19,20,24,32,39,42,53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1911-1912), (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) (Also referred to as Trolley Dodgers 1911-1931) Brooklyn... Seventh Street Park is a former baseball ground located in Indianapolis, IN. The ground was home to the Indianapolis Hoosiers of the National League from 1884 to 1889. ... Bruce Grounds is a former baseball ground located in Indianapolis, Indiana. ... Allen Pasture is a former Baseball ground located in Richmond, VA. The ground was home to the Richmond Virginians of the American Association in 1884. ... The Toledo Blue Stockings were a minor league baseball team which formed in Toledo, Ohio in 1883. ... The Washington Nationals of 1884 were a short-lived baseball team in the American Association. ... Athletic Park is a former baseball ground located in Washington, DC. The ground was home to the Washington Statesmen of the American Association in 1884. ... Washington Senators was a 19th century baseball team. ... Boundary Field is a former baseball ground located in Washington, DC. The ground was home to the Washington Statesmen of the American Association in 1891 and the home of the Washington Senators of the National League from 1892 to 1899. ... The Cleveland Spiders were a Major League Baseball team which played between 1887 and 1899 in Cleveland, Ohio. ... Billy Hamilton of the Kansas City Cowboys on a 1887-1890 Goodwin & Company baseball card (Old Judge (N172)). For the National Football League team, see Kansas City (NFL). ... The Columbus Solons were a baseball team in the American Association from 1889 to 1891. ... Recreation Park is a former Baseball ground located in Columbus, Ohio, USA. The ground was home to the Columbus Buckeyes of the American Association for the 1883 and 1884 seasons as well as the Columbus Solons from 1889 to 1891. ... The Brooklyn Gladiators were a Major League Baseball team in the American Association during the 1890 season. ... The Rochester Broncos were a short-lived baseball team in the American Association during the 1890 season. ... Star Park is a former baseball ground located in Syracuse, NY. The ground was home to the Syracuse Stars from 1885 to 1899 and from 1902 to 1904 Categories: Sports stubs | New York sports | Baseball venues ... The Toledo Maumees of 1890 were a short-lived baseball team in the American Association. ... The Boston Reds were a 19th century baseball team located in Boston, Massachusetts that played in the Players League in 1890 and in the American Association in 1891. ... The Cincinnati Porkers were a Major League Baseball team that played in 1891 in Cincinnati, Ohio. ... Borchert Field was the home of the minor league version of the Milwaukee Brewers of the American Association and other leagues off-and-on from 1887 through 1952. ...

Timeline

  • 1887-Pittsburgh Alleghenys leave AA to join NL
  • 1889-Cleveland Spiders leave AA to join NL
  • 1890-Cincinnati Red Stockings and Brooklyn Bridegrooms leave AA to join NL
  • 1892-Baltimore Orioles, Louisville Colonels, St.Louis Browns, and Washington Senators join National League after the folding of the AA

AA presidents

  • H.D. McKnight 1882-1885
  • Wheeler C. Wyckoff 1886-1889
  • Zach Phelps 1890
  • Louis Kramer 1891
  • Ed Renau 1891
  • Zach Phelps 1891

References

  • Nemec, David (2004). The Beer and Whisky League : The Illustrated History of the American Association—Baseball's Renegade Major League. Guilford: The Lyons Press. ISBN 1-59228-188-5.
  • Pietrusza, David (1991). The Formation, Sometimes Absorption and Mostly Inevitable Demise of 18 Professional Baseball Organizations, 1871 to Present. Jefferson (NC): McFarland & Company. ISBN 0-89950-590-2.

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