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Encyclopedia > American Airlines
American Airlines
IATA
AA
ICAO
AAL
Callsign
AMERICAN
Founded 1930 (as American Airways)
Hubs
Secondary hubs
Focus cities
Frequent flyer program AAdvantage
Member lounge Admirals Club
Alliance Oneworld
Fleet size 649 [1]
Destinations 161
Parent company AMR Corporation
Company slogan We know why you fly.
Headquarters Fort Worth, Texas
Key people Gerard Arpey (CEO)
Tom Horton (CFO)
Website: http://www.aa.com/

American Airlines, Inc. (AA) is a US-based airline[2] and the world's largest airline in total passengers-miles transported[3], passenger fleet size, and the second largest airline in terms of aircraft operated (FedEx Express, a cargo airline has more aircraft) and the second-largest airline company in the world (behind Air France-KLM) in terms of total operating revenues[4]. A wholly owned subsidiary of the AMR Corporation, the airline is headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, adjacent to the Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport. American operates scheduled flights throughout the United States, as well as flights to Canada, Latin America, the Caribbean, Western Europe, Japan, China, and India. The Chairman, President, and CEO of AA is Gerard Arpey. In 2005, the airline flew more than 138 billion revenue passenger miles (RPM). Image File history File links American_Airlines_logo. ... IATA airline designators, sometimes called IATA reservation codes, are two-character codes assigned by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) to the worlds airlines in accordance with the provisions of Resolution 762. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ICAO airline code. ... Most airlines employ a distinctive and internationally recognised call sign that is normally spoken during airband radio transmissions as a prefix to the flight number. ... An airline hub is an airport that an airline uses as a transfer point to get passengers to their intended destination. ... Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport (IATA: DFW, ICAO: KDFW, FAA LID: DFW) is located between the cities of Dallas and Fort Worth,[2] and is the busiest airport in the U.S. state of Texas. ... Lambert-St. ... , SJU redirects here. ... , Destinations with direct service from Miami Miami International Airport (IATA: MIA, ICAO: KMIA, FAA LID: MIA) is a public airport located eight miles (13 km) northwest of the central business district of Miami, in unincorporated Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. ... OHare International Airport (IATA: ORD, ICAO: KORD, FAA LID: ORD) is an airport located in Chicago, Illinois, United States, 17 miles (27 km) northwest of the Chicago Loop. ... An airline hub is an airport that an airline uses as a transfer point to get passengers to their intended destination. ... For the regional airport in Wisconsin, see John F. Kennedy Memorial Airport. ... LaGuardia Airport (IATA: LGA, ICAO: KLGA, FAA LID: LGA) (pronounced ) is an airport serving New York City, New York, United States, located on the waterfront of Flushing Bay, and borders the neighborhoods of Astoria, Jackson Heights and East Elmhurst in the borough of Queens. ... In the airline industry, a focus city is a location that is not a hub, but from which the airline has flights to at least several destinations other than its hubs. ... For the Logan airport in Billings, Montana, see Billings Logan International Airport. ... LAX and KLAX redirect here. ... Raleigh-Durham International Airport (IATA: RDU, ICAO: KRDU, FAA LID: RDU) is located nine miles (14. ... Membership cards of FFP This article is about airline frequent flyer programs. ... American Airlines, Inc. ... The lounge at ZRH, Switzerland An airport lounge is a lounge owned by a particular airline (or jointly operated by several carriers). ... American Airlines, Inc. ... An airline alliance is an agreement between two or more airlines to cooperate for the foreseeable future on a substantial level. ... For other uses, see Oneworld (disambiguation). ... A holding company is a company that owns enough voting stock in another firm to control management and operations by influencing or electing its board of directors. ... AMR Corporation NYSE: AMR is a Fort Worth, Texas-based holding company created in 1982 as part of a reorganization of American Airlines. ... Nickname: Motto: Where the West Begins Location of Fort Worth in Tarrant County, Texas Coordinates: , Country State Counties Tarrant, Denton Government  - Mayor Michael J. Moncrief Area  - City 298. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Gerard Arpey is the chairman and CEO of AMR Corporation, parent company of the worlds largest airline, American Airlines. ... Chief Executive redirects here. ... CFO redirects here. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... FedEx Express is a cargo airline based in Memphis, Tennessee, USA. It is the worlds largest airline in terms of aircraft, operating 671 planes. ... An Airbus A380 of Emirates Airline An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ... KLM Boeing 737-300. ... AMR Corporation NYSE: AMR is a Fort Worth, Texas-based holding company created in 1982 as part of a reorganization of American Airlines. ... Nickname: Motto: Where the West Begins Location of Fort Worth in Tarrant County, Texas Coordinates: , Country State Counties Tarrant, Denton Government  - Mayor Michael J. Moncrief Area  - City 298. ... Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport (IATA: DFW, ICAO: KDFW, FAA LID: DFW) is located between the cities of Dallas and Fort Worth,[2] and is the busiest airport in the U.S. state of Texas. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... West Indies redirects here. ... A current understanding of Western Europe. ... A Chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... Gerard Arpey is the chairman and CEO of AMR Corporation, parent company of the worlds largest airline, American Airlines. ... Revenue passenger miles (RPMs) is a measure of an airline flights passenger traffic calculated by multiplying the total number of revenue-paying passengers onboard a flight by the distance of that flight measured in miles. ...

Contents

Overview

As of May 2008, American serves 260 cities (excluding codeshares with partner airlines) with a fleet of 655 aircraft.[5] American carries more passengers between the US and Latin America (12.1 million in 2004) than any other airline, and is also strong in the trans/inter/intra/continental market. As of May 19, 2008, American is losing $3 million per day[6]. is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... USD redirects here. ...


American has four hubs: Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW), Chicago (ORD), Miami (MIA), San Juan (SJU). Dallas/Fort Worth is the airline's largest hub, with AA operating over 84 percent of flights at the airport and traveling to more destinations than from any of its other hubs. Los Angeles (LAX), New York City-Kennedy (JFK), New York City-LaGuardia (LGA), Boston (BOS), and Raleigh-Durham (RDU), and St. Louis (STL) serve as focus cities and international gateways. American operates maintenance bases at Tulsa (TUL), Kansas City (MCI), and Fort Worth Alliance (AFW). Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, located between the cities of Dallas and Fort Worth, is the busiest airport in Texas and third busiest airport in the world in terms of operations. ... OHare International Airport (IATA:ORD, ICAO:KORD) is an airport located in Chicago, Illinois, 17 miles (27 km) northwest of the Chicago Loop. ... , Destinations with direct service from Miami Miami International Airport (IATA: MIA, ICAO: KMIA, FAA LID: MIA) is a public airport located eight miles (13 km) northwest of the central business district of Miami, in unincorporated Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. ... , SJU redirects here. ... Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, located between the cities of Dallas and Fort Worth, is the busiest airport in Texas and third busiest airport in the world in terms of operations. ... LAX and KLAX redirect here. ... John F. Kennedy International Airport (IATA Airport Code: JFK, ICAO Airport Code: KJFK) is the main international airport in New York City, and is one of the largest airports in the world. ... LaGuardia Airport (IATA: LGA, ICAO: KLGA, FAA LID: LGA) (pronounced ) is an airport serving New York City, New York, United States, located on the waterfront of Flushing Bay, and borders the neighborhoods of Astoria, Jackson Heights and East Elmhurst in the borough of Queens. ... For the Logan airport in Billings, Montana, see Billings Logan International Airport. ... Raleigh-Durham International Airport (IATA: RDU, ICAO: KRDU, FAA LID: RDU) is located nine miles (14. ... Lambert-St. ... Tulsa International Airport (IATA: TUL, ICAO: KTUL) is a public airport located five miles (8 km) northeast of the city of Tulsa, in Tulsa County, Oklahoma, USA. The airport has three runways. ... Airport diagram Airport from the east. ... Fort Worth Alliance Airport (IATA: AFW, ICAO: KAFW) is located 14 miles (23 km) north of Fort Worth, Texas. ...


American Eagle Airlines is a Fort Worth, Texas-based regional airline partner of American Airlines, wholly owned by AMR Corporation. American Eagle Airlines is a regional airline based in Fort Worth, Texas[1]. It is a airline partner of American Airlines[2] (both wholly owned by the AMR Corporation holding company), operating over 1,800 flights a day, serving 159 cities across the USA, Canada, Mexico and the Caribbean[3...


American Airlines is a founding member of the Oneworld airline alliance. For other uses, see Oneworld (disambiguation). ... An airline alliance is an agreement between two or more airlines to cooperate for the foreseeable future on a substantial level. ...


History

Formation

American Airlines was developed from a conglomeration of 82 small airlines through corporate acquisitions and reorganizations: initially, American Airways was used as a common brand by a number of independent carriers. These included Southern Air Transport in Texas, Southern Air Fast Express (SAFE) in the western US, Universal Aviation in the Midwest (which operated a transcontinental air/rail route in 1929), Thompson Aeronautical Services (which operated a Detroit-Cleveland route beginning in 1929) and Colonial Air Transport in the Northeast.

On January 25, 1930, American Airways was incorporated as a single company, based in New York, with routes from Boston, New York and Chicago to Dallas, and a route from Dallas to Los Angeles. The airline operated wood and fabric-covered Fokker Trimotors and all-metal Ford Trimotors. In 1934 American began flying Curtiss Condor biplanes fitted with sleeping berths. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x606, 118 KB) Summary American Airlines Airbus A300 inbound to JFK. Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x606, 118 KB) Summary American Airlines Airbus A300 inbound to JFK. Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... A300 redirects here. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Boston redirects here. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... For other uses, see Dallas (disambiguation). ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... The Fokker F.VII was a small airliner originally produced by Anthony Fokkers Atlantic Aircraft Company, and later by other companies under licence. ... Ford Trimotor G-CYWZ of the Royal Canadian Air Force. ...


American Airlines before World War II

In 1934, American Airways Company was acquired by E.L. Cord, who renamed the company "American Air Lines". Cord hired Texas businessman C.R. (Cyrus Rowlett) Smith to run the company. Image File history File linksMetadata Americanairlines. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Americanairlines. ... The Boeing 767 is a mid-size, wide-body twinjet airliner produced by the Commercial Airplanes division of The Boeing Company. ... Errett Lobban Cord, also known as E.L. Cord (1894 - 1974) was a leader in United States transport during the early and middle 20th century. ... Cyrus Rowlett Smith Cyrus Rowlett Smith (September 9, 1899 – April 4, 1990), known throughout his life as C. R. Smith, was the CEO of American Airlines from 1934 to 1968 and from 1973 to 1974. ...


Smith worked closely with Donald Douglas to develop the DC-3, which American Airlines started flying in 1936. With the DC-3, American began to brand itself using nautical terms, calling its aircraft "Flagships" and establishing the "Admirals Club", an honorary club for valued passengers. The DC-3s had a four-star "admiral's pennant" which would fly outside the cockpit window while the aircraft was parked, one of the most well-known images of the airline at the time. Donald Wills Douglas, Sr. ... The Douglas DC-3 is an American fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft whose speed and range revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s. ... A flagship is the ship used by the commanding officer of a group of naval ships. ...


American Airlines was the first airline to cooperate with Fiorello LaGuardia's plans to build an airport in New York City, and partly as a result became the owner of the world's first airline lounge at the new LaGuardia Airport (LGA), which became known as the "Admirals Club." Membership was initially by invitation only, but a discrimination suit decades later changed the club into a paid membership club, creating the model for other airline lounges. Fiorello Henry LaGuardia (December 11, 1882–September 20, 1947) was the Mayor of New York from 1934 to 1945. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The lounge at ZRH, Switzerland An airport lounge is a lounge owned by a particular airline (or jointly operated by several carriers). ... LaGuardia Airport (IATA: LGA, ICAO: KLGA, FAA LID: LGA) (pronounced ) is an airport serving New York City, New York, United States, located on the waterfront of Flushing Bay, and borders the neighborhoods of Astoria, Jackson Heights and East Elmhurst in the borough of Queens. ... The Admirals Club is an airport lounge operated by American Airlines. ...


Postwar developments

Boeing 707 freighter at EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg in France (near Basel) in 1976

After World War II, American launched an international subsidiary, American Overseas Airlines to serve Europe; however, AOA was sold to rival Pan Am in 1950. AA launched another subsidiary around the same time, Líneas Aéreas Americanas de Mexico S.A., to operate flights to Mexico, and built several airports there. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 515 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 659 pixel, file size: 160 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 515 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 659 pixel, file size: 160 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Boeing 707 is an American four-engine commercial passenger jet airliner developed by Boeing in the early 1950s. ... EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg (IATA: BSL, EAP, MLH, ICAO: LFSB) is an international airport near Mulhouse (France), Basel (Switzerland), and Freiburg (Germany). ... For other uses, see Basel (disambiguation). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... American Overseas Airlines (AOA) was an airline that flew between the USA and Europe between 1945 and 1950. ... Pan Ams seaplane terminal at Dinner Key in Miami, Florida, was a hub of inter-American travel during the 1930s and 1940s. ...


American Airlines was an early adopter of jet aircraft, and introduced the first transcontinental jet service using Boeing 707s on 25 January 1959. With the introduction of its "Astrojets", as it dubbed the new jet fleet, American's focus shifted to nonstop coast-to-coast flights, although it maintained feeder connections to other cities along its old route using smaller Convair 990s and Lockheed Electras. American invested $440 million in jet aircraft up to 1962, launched the first electronic booking system (Sabre) together with IBM, and built an upgraded terminal at Idlewild (now JFK) Airport in New York City which became the airline's largest base of operations.[7] The Boeing 707 is an American four-engine commercial passenger jet airliner developed by Boeing in the early 1950s. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... NASA Convair 990 The Convair 990 Coronado was a jet airliner produced by the Convair division of General Dynamics, a stretched version of their earlier Convair 880 produced in response to a request from American Airlines. ... The Lockheed L-188 Electra is an American turboprop airliner built by Lockheed. ... Sabre Logo Sabre is a computer reservations system/global distribution system (GDS) used by airlines, railways, hotels, travel agents and other travel companies. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... For the regional airport in Wisconsin, see John F. Kennedy Memorial Airport. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


Expansion in 1980s and 1990s

After moving its headquarters to Fort Worth in 1979, American changed its routing to a hub-and-spoke system starting in 1981, opening its first hubs at DFW and Chicago O'Hare. Led by its new outspoken chairman and CEO, Robert Crandall, American began flights to Europe and Japan from these hubs in the mid-1980s. Nickname: Motto: Where the West Begins Location of Fort Worth in Tarrant County, Texas Coordinates: , Country State Counties Tarrant, Denton Government  - Mayor Michael J. Moncrief Area  - City 298. ... The Spoke-hub distribution paradigm (also known as a hub and spoke model or hub and spoke network) derives its name from a bicycle wheel, which consists of a number of spokes extending outward from a central hub. ... Robert Crandall (born 1935), also known as Bob Crandall, is the former president and chairman of American Airlines. ...


In the late 1980s, American opened three new hubs for north-south traffic. San Jose International Airport was added as a hub after American purchased AirCal. American also built a new terminal and runway at Raleigh-Durham International Airport to take advantage of the rapidly-growing Research Triangle Park nearby, as well as compete with USAir's hub in Charlotte. Nashville was also chosen as a hub. The Norman Y. Mineta San José International Airport (IATA: SJC, ICAO: KSJC) is a medium-sized airport in San José, California. ... Air California, later AirCal, was a regional airline serving different points in the state of California and some neighboring western U.S. states. ... Raleigh-Durham International Airport (IATA: RDU, ICAO: KRDU, FAA LID: RDU) is located nine miles (14. ... Research Triangle Park (RTP) is the largest research park in the world. ... This article is about airport in Charlotte, North Carolina. ... Nashville International Airport (IATA: BNA, ICAO: KBNA) is an airport in southeastern Nashville, Tennessee. ...


In 1990, American Airlines bought the assets of TWA's operations at London Heathrow airport for $445 million, giving American a hub there. Until the adoption of the "open skies" agreement in April 2008, the US/British treaty Bermuda II the only U.S. airlines allowed to serve Heathrow were American and United Airlines. The Open Skies system is an integrated web-enabled reservation and inventory system suite that includes Internet, call center, airport departure control functionality and more. ... Bermuda II is a Bilateral Air Transport Agreement between the governments of the United Kingdom and the United States signed on July 23, 1977 as a renegotiation of the original 1946 Bermuda Agreement. ... United Airlines is a major airline of the United States. ...


Lower fuel prices in the era and a favorable business climate at the time led to higher than average airline industry profits. The industry's expansion was not lost on the American Airlines pilots who on February 17, 1997 went on strike for higher wages. President Bill Clinton invoked the Railway Labor Act citing economic impact to the United States a few minutes later quashing the strike.[8] Pilots settled for substantially lower wage increases than their demands as a result. is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... The Railway Labor Act is a United States federal law that governs labor relations in the railway and airline industries. ...


The three new hubs were all abandoned in the 1990s: some San Jose facilities were sold to Reno Air, and likewise at Raleigh/Durham to Midway Airlines. Midway went out of business in 2001. American purchased Reno Air in February 1999 and fully integrated its operations on 31 August 1999, but did not resume hub operations in San Jose. American discontinued most of Reno Air's routes, and sold most of the Reno Air aircraft, much as they had done with Air California 12 years earlier. The only remaining route from the Air California and Reno Air purchases is San Francisco to Los Angeles. AA 777-200ER landing at London Heathrow Airport American Airlines and American Eagle aircraft at San Juan Note: For the arenas named after this company, see American Airlines Center (Dallas, Texas), or American Airlines Arena (Miami, Florida). ... Midway Airlines refers to two airline companies in the United States. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Air California, later AirCal, was a regional airline serving different points in the state of California and some neighboring western U.S. states. ... Air California, later AirCal, was a regional airline serving different points in the state of California and some neighboring western U.S. states. ...


During this time, investor concern over airline bankruptcies and falling stock prices brought a now-prophetic warning from American's CEO Robert Crandall, an executive known for his candor. "I've never invested in any airline," Crandall said. "I'm an airline manager. I don't invest in airlines. And I always said to the employees of American, 'This is not an appropriate investment. It's a great place to work and it's a great company that does important work. But airlines are not an investment.'" Crandall noted that since the airline deregulation of the 1970s, some 150 airlines had gone out of business. "A lot of people came into the airline business. Most of them promptly exited, minus their money," he said. Robert Crandall (born 1935), also known as Bob Crandall, is the former president and chairman of American Airlines. ...


Miami also became a hub after American bought Central and South American routes from Eastern Air Lines in 1990 (inherited from Braniff International Airways but originated by Panagra). Through the 1990s, American expanded its route network in Latin America to become the dominant U.S. carrier in the region. , Destinations with direct service from Miami Miami International Airport (IATA: MIA, ICAO: KMIA, FAA LID: MIA) is a public airport located eight miles (13 km) northwest of the central business district of Miami, in unincorporated Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. ... This article is about the defunct U.S. air carrier Eastern Air Lines. ... Braniff International Airways was an American airline that existed from 1928 until 1982. ... Panagra (Pan American-Grace Airways) was an airline formed as a joint venture between Pan American World Airways and the Grace shipping company. ...


On 15 October 1998 American Airlines became the first airline to offer electronic ticketing in all 44 countries it serves. is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 536 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1373 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 536 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1373 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Boeing 777 is a long-range, wide-body twin-engine airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... Heathrow redirects here. ...

TWA merger, 9/11, into present

Robert Crandall left the company in 1998 and was replaced by Donald J. Carty, who negotiated the purchase of Trans World Airlines and its hub in St. Louis in April 2001. Donald J. Carty (born 1946) was the chairman and CEO of AMR, the parent company of American Airlines, from 1998 to 2003. ... Trans World Airlines (IATA: TW, ICAO: TWA, and Callsign: TWA), commonly known as TWA, was an American airline company that was acquired by American Airlines in April 2001. ...


The merger of seniority lists remains contentious particularly for pilots - the groups were represented by different unions at their respective airlines. In the final merger, 60 percent of former TWA pilots were moved to the bottom of the seniority list at AA. All were subsequently furloughed, and most remain on furlough. The most senior TWA captain, hired in 1963, was integrated at the same seniority level as an AA captain hired in 1985.[citation needed] All TWA captains and first officers hired in March 1989 and later were appended to the seniority list junior to American Airlines first officers hired in June 2001. However, TWA pilots were given super-seniority and a ratio of positions as captain if they stayed in St. Louis. The result was that most former TWA pilots stayed in St. Louis and roughly maintained their same relative seniority; though, some left St. Louis and flew in the co-pilot seat next to AA pilots who may have been hired at a later date, but are more senior outside the protections afforded to that base. The extensive furloughs of former TWA pilots in the wake of the 9/11 attacks disproportionately affected St. Louis and resulted in a significant influx of American Airlines pilots. For cabin crews, all former TWA flight attendants (approximately 4,200) were furloughed by mid-2003 due to the AA flight attendants' union putting TWA flight attendants at the bottom of their seniority list.


In the wake of the TWA merger and the roughly concurrent September 11, 2001 attacks, American Airlines began losing money. Carty negotiated wage and benefit agreements with the airline's labor unions, but was forced to resign after union leaders discovered he was planning to award executive compensation packages at the same time. St. Louis' hub was also downsized. A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly...


In Carty's wake, American has undergone additional cost-cutting measures, including rolling back its "More Room Throughout Coach" program (which eliminated several seats on certain aircraft), ending three-class service on many international flights, and standardizing its fleet at each hub (see below). However, the airline has rebounded and expanded its service into new markets, including Ireland, India and mainland China. ...


On July 20, 2005, for the first time in 17 quarters, American announced a quarterly profit; the airline earned $58 million in the second quarter of 2005. It had previously lobbied for the preservation of the Wright Amendment, which regulates commercial airline operations at Love Field in Dallas. On June 15, 2006, American reached an agreement with Southwest Airlines and the cities of Dallas and Fort Worth to seek repeal of the Wright Amendment on the conditions that Love Field remain a domestic airport and that its gate capacity be limited.[9] is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Wright Amendment of 1979 was a federal law which originally limited traffic from Dallass Love Field airport to points within Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Oklahoma, and New Mexico. ... Dallas Love Field (IATA: DAL, ICAO: KDAL, FAA LID: DAL) is a public airport located five miles (8 km) northwest of the central business district (CBD) of the City of Dallas, in Dallas County, Texas, USA. The airport covers 1,300 acres and has three runways. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the American airline. ...


American Airlines canceled over 1,000 flights to inspect wire bundles over three days in April 2008, and to make sure they were compliant with government safety regulations.[10] This massive disruption caused significant inconvenience to its passengers, and substantial financial problems for the airline. American is also in the process of replacing all its MD-80 jets with Boeing 737s. The Douglas DC-9 is a twin-engined jet airliner, first manufactured in 1965 and, in much modified form and under a succession of different names, still in production today as the Boeing 717. ...


In May 2008, a month after its mass grounding of aircraft, American announced a series of capacity cuts and fees to increase revenue and help cover the high fuel prices. The airline increased fees such as a $15 charge for the first checked bag and $25 for the second, as well as a $150 change fee for domestic reservations. American Airlines also announced in May that it expects to retire 40 to 45 mainline aircraft in fall 2008, the majority of which will consist of fuel-inefficient MD-80s but will also include some Airbus A300 aircraft. AA's regional airline will retire 35 to 40 regional jets around the same time, as well as its entire Saab turboprop fleet.


Looking into the future, American Airlines faces many challenges which threaten to shrink its world-leading size and scope. The pending Delta-NWA merger, which, if approved, will create a global airline larger than American. American also faces the challenge of retiring its massive MD-80 fleet, which will take several years. MD-80 jets, which account for over half of American's mainline fleet, are one of the least fuel-efficient aircraft flying today, and given today's high fuel prices, will pose a challenge when competing with rivals such as Jet Blue that have a much newer fleet with more amenities overall. American so far has increased orders for efficient 737-800 aircraft to help replace the MD-80s, but those orders don't amount to even a third of the MD-80 fleet.[11] The Douglas DC-9 is a twin-engined jet airliner, first manufactured in 1965 and, in much modified form and under a succession of different names, still in production today as the Boeing 717. ...


On July 2, 2008, American announced furloughs of up to 950 stewards and stewardesses, via Texas' Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act system.[12] This furlough is in addition to the furlough of 20 MD-80 aircraft[13]. Another casualty will be American's hub operations at SJU that will be truncated by over 50 percent (from 38 to 18 daily inbound flights), effective 3 September, but the carrier will retain service in a diminished capacity.[14][15] is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... The Douglas DC-9 is a twin-engined jet airliner, first manufactured in 1965 and, in much modified form and under a succession of different names, still in production today as the Boeing 717. ... Sju Hundred, or Sjuhundra härad, was a hundred of Uplandia in Sweden. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... In the airline industry, a focus city is a location that is not a hub, but from which the airline has flights to at least several destinations other than its hubs. ...


Slogans

MD-82 at Raleigh-Durham International Airport
MD-82 at Raleigh-Durham International Airport
  • Current - "We know why you fly, we're American Airlines."
  • 2001 (post-9/11) - "We are an airline that is proud to bear the name American."
  • Mid 1990s - "Based Here. Best Here."
  • Mid 1980s-mid 1990s - "Something special in the air."
  • 1980s-1988- "The On-Time Machine."
  • 1970s-1980s - "We're American Airlines, doing what we do best."
  • Early 1970s - "It's good to know you're on American Airlines."
  • 1967-1969 - "Fly the American Way."
  • 1964-1967 - "American built an airline for professional travelers."
  • 1950s-early 1960s - "America's Leading (domestic) Airline."

Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The Douglas DC-9 is a twin-engined jet airliner, first manufactured in 1965 and, in much modified form and under a succession of different names, still in production today as the Boeing 717. ... Raleigh-Durham International Airport (IATA: RDU, ICAO: KRDU, FAA LID: RDU) is located nine miles (14. ...

Destinations

MD-82 in flight above Toronto.
MD-82 in flight above Toronto.
Further information: American Airlines destinations

American Airlines serves destinations on four continents. Its network is particularly developed in the Americas, where it serves more destinations than any other airline. Hubs at Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami and New York (JFK) serve as major gateways to the Americas, American's Chicago hub has become the airline's primary gateway to Europe and Asia, and St. Louis is a regional hub for the airline. Almost all of AA's flights include a link to one of these hubs.[citation needed] American is the only U.S. airline with scheduled flights to Anguilla, Bolivia, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Uruguay. This is a list of airports to where American Airlines flies. ...


In recent years, American has begun to expand its network in Asia, albeit with mixed success. In 2005, American re-introduced a non-stop flight from Dallas/Fort Worth to Osaka, which had been discontinued after the September 11 terrorist attacks, but this service was discontinued a year later. American also launched non-stop service from Chicago to Nagoya, but that too ended within a year. Also in 2005, American launched service from Chicago to Delhi.[16] Somewhat surprising to some (given the lack of success that United Airlines encountered operating the same route) this service has been profitable.[citation needed] In April 2006, American began service from Chicago to Shanghai, which has also proven to be profitable for the company. However, in October 2006, American ceased its San Jose, CA to Tokyo/Narita service, leaving LAX as American's sole international gateway on the West Coast. American planned to start flights between Dallas/Fort Worth and Beijing via Chicago-O'Hare (on Westbound only) in 2007 but lost its bid to United Airlines' Dulles to Beijing route. However, in September 2007, AA was granted permission to start a Chicago-Beijing route to be included in a new set of China routes in 2009. For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... United Airlines is a major airline of the United States. ...


More recently, the price of fuel has been forcing airlines to cut back on unprofitable flying especially in the fourth quarter of 2008, after the peak summer season. American has announced the most dramatic cuts in operations so far - over 11%- and has plans to ax more routes. American has already planned to cut back on flying especially at its Caribbean hub in San Juan, and also long distance routes such as ORD-Honolulu, which are more prone to lose money because of the high cost of fuel.


Fleet

Current

American Airlines has an average fleet age of 15.2 years as of April 2008.[17]

American Airlines Fleet
Aircraft Total Passengers
(First/Business/Economy)
Routes Notes
Airbus A300B4-600R 33 267 (16/251) Domestic/Latin American short-medium haul
Most fly out of JFK, MIA, SJU, and MCO
To be phased out by 2012
Exit from service: 13 in 2008
Boeing 737-800 77
(29 orders)
(29 options)
142 (16/126)
148 (16/132)
North American short-medium haul
Most fly out of MIA, DFW, and LAX
Boeing 757-200 124 188 (22/166) Short-medium-long haul
Most fly out of hub/focus cities
To be fitted with winglets
To be fitted with new interiors
Boeing 767-200ER 16 165 (9/30/126)
167 (9/30/128)
JFK-Bermuda
Los Angeles, Miami, San Francisco
To be fitted with winglets[citation needed]
To be fitted with new interiors
Aircell internet access available*
Boeing 767-300ER 58 219 (30/189)
223 (30/193)
225 (30/195)
Domestic/International medium-long haul To be fitted with winglets[18]
Fitted with New Business Class
Boeing 777-200ER 47
(7 orders)
245 (16/35/194)
247 (18/35/194)
Domestic
Miami-Chicago
Dallas-Chicago

International
Moscow
Beijing (begins March 25, 2009), Buenos Aires, Paris, London, Frankfurt,
Delhi, Rio de Janeiro, Shanghai,
São Paulo, Tokyo A300 redirects here. ... The Boeing 737 is a short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... The Boeing 757 is an American short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... A winglet is a device used to improve the efficiency of aircraft by lowering the lift-induced drag caused by wingtip vortices. ... The Boeing 767 is a mid-size, wide-body twinjet airliner produced by the Commercial Airplanes division of The Boeing Company. ... A winglet is a device used to improve the efficiency of aircraft by lowering the lift-induced drag caused by wingtip vortices. ... The Boeing 767 is a mid-size, wide-body twinjet airliner produced by the Commercial Airplanes division of The Boeing Company. ... A winglet is a device used to improve the efficiency of aircraft by lowering the lift-induced drag caused by wingtip vortices. ... The Boeing 777 is a long-range, wide-body twin-engine airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ...

Fitted with Flagship Suites
Being fitted with New Business Class
Being refitted with AVOD in all classes
McDonnell Douglas MD-82 235 136 (16/120)
140 (16/124)
North American short-medium haul
Most fly out of ORD, DFW, STL
McDonnell Douglas MD-83 93 136 (16/120)
140 (16/124)
North American short-medium haul
Most fly out of ORD, DFW, STL

*Aircell Internet Broadband Access is in the process of being installed on all Boeing 767-200 aircraft.[19] McDonnell Douglas MD-80 and MD-90 are twin-engine, medium-range, single-aisle commercial jet airplanes. ... McDonnell Douglas MD-80 and MD-90 are twin-engine, medium-range, single-aisle commercial jet airplanes. ...

Retired fleet

American Airlines retired fleet
Aircraft Year retired Notes
BAC 1-11 1972
BAe 146 1993 ex-AirCal
Boeing 707 1981 [20]
Boeing 717 2002 ex-TWA
Boeing 727-023 1993
Boeing 727-223 2002
Boeing 737-1xx 1993 ex-AirCal
Boeing 737-2xx 1993 ex-AirCal
Boeing 737-3A4 1993 ex-AirCal
Boeing 747-123 1983 Exchanged with Pan Am for additional DC-10s
Boeing 747-SP31 1994
Boeing 757-231 2007 Ex-TWA
(owned by ILFC, Pegasus Aviation, and Wells Fargo Bank Northwest Trustee)
7 being leased to Delta Air Lines
Boeing 757-2Q8 2007 Ex-TWA (owned by ILFC)
10 being leased to Delta Air Lines
Boeing 767-331 2002 ex-TWA
Boeing 767-3Y0 2002 ex-TWA
Convair 240 1960s
Convair 990 1970s
Curtiss Condor 1930s
Douglas DC-2 1930s
Douglas DC-3 1940s
Douglas DC-4 1940s
Douglas DC-6 1966
Douglas DC-7 1950s
Douglas DC-9 2001 ex-TWA
Fokker 100 2004 Sold to Jetsgo until Sudden Liquidation
Now Sold to Avianca
Ford 5-AT-B Trimotor 1920s
Lockheed L-188 Electra 1960s
McDonnell Douglas DC-10 2000 Most sold to FedEx
McDonnell Douglas MD-11 2002 Most sold to FedEx
McDonnell Douglas MD-90 2001 ex-Reno Air

The BAC 1-11, or One-Eleven, was a short-range jet airliner designed by Hunting Aircraft and produced by the British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) after Hunting was merged with several other British aviation firms in 1960. ... The BAe 146 (also known as the Avro RJ) is a medium-sized commercial aircraft manufactured by BAE SYSTEMS. It carries its four jet engines on a high wing above the fuselage; not below, or at mid-fuselage, as on most conventional civilian aircraft. ... Air California, later AirCal, was a regional airline serving different points in the state of California and some neighboring western U.S. states. ... The Boeing 707 is an American four-engine commercial passenger jet airliner developed by Boeing in the early 1950s. ... The Boeing 717 is a twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliner, developed for the 100-seat market. ... The Twa, also known as Batwa, are a pygmy people who were the oldest recorded inhabitants of the Great Lakes region of central Africa. ... The Boeing 727 is a mid-size, narrow-body, three-engine commercial jet airliner. ... The Boeing 727 is a mid-size, narrow-body, three-engine commercial jet airliner. ... The Boeing 737 is a short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... Air California, later AirCal, was a regional airline serving different points in the state of California and some neighboring western U.S. states. ... The Boeing 737 is a short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... Air California, later AirCal, was a regional airline serving different points in the state of California and some neighboring western U.S. states. ... The Boeing 737 is a short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... Air California, later AirCal, was a regional airline serving different points in the state of California and some neighboring western U.S. states. ... The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the Jumbo Jet,[4][5] is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. ... Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) was the United States principal international airline from the 1930s until its collapse in 1991, and was credited with many innovations that shaped the international airline industry. ... The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the Jumbo Jet,[4][5] is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. ... The Boeing 757 is an American short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... The Twa, also known as Batwa, are a pygmy people who were the oldest recorded inhabitants of the Great Lakes region of central Africa. ... Categories: Corporation stubs ... Pegasus Aviation Finance Company is a US based aircraft lessor formed in 1988 and based in San Francisco. ... An older Wells Fargo branch, located in Berkeley, California Wells Fargos corporate headquarters and main branch Wells Fargo & Co. ... Delta Air Lines, Inc. ... The Boeing 757 is an American short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... The Twa, also known as Batwa, are a pygmy people who were the oldest recorded inhabitants of the Great Lakes region of central Africa. ... Categories: Corporation stubs ... Delta Air Lines, Inc. ... The Boeing 767 is a mid-size, wide-body twinjet airliner produced by the Commercial Airplanes division of The Boeing Company. ... The Twa, also known as Batwa, are a pygmy people who were the oldest recorded inhabitants of the Great Lakes region of central Africa. ... The Boeing 767 is a mid-size, wide-body twinjet airliner produced by the Commercial Airplanes division of The Boeing Company. ... The Twa, also known as Batwa, are a pygmy people who were the oldest recorded inhabitants of the Great Lakes region of central Africa. ... The Convair 240 was an American airliner produced by Convair from 1947 to 1956. ... NASA Convair 990 The Convair 990 Coronado was a jet airliner produced by the Convair division of General Dynamics, a stretched version of their earlier Convair 880 produced in response to a request from American Airlines. ... The Douglas DC-2 was a 14 seat, twin-propeller airliner produced by the Douglas Aircraft Corporation starting in 1934. ... The Douglas DC-3 is an American fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft whose speed and range revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s. ... The designation DC-4 was used by Douglas Aircraft Company when developing the DC-4E as a large, four-engined type to complement its forthcoming DC-3 design. ... The Douglas DC-6 is a piston-powered airliner and transport aircraft built by the Douglas Aircraft Company from 1946 to 1959. ... The Douglas DC-7 is an aircraft built by the Douglas Aircraft Company from 1953 to 1958. ... The Douglas DC-9 is a twin-engined jet airliner, first manufactured in 1965 and, in much modified form and under a succession of different names. ... The Twa, also known as Batwa, are a pygmy people who were the oldest recorded inhabitants of the Great Lakes region of central Africa. ... The Fokker 100 is a medium size twin-turbofan airliner from the Fokker company. ... Jetsgo Corporation was a Canadian low-cost carrier based in Montreal, which served 19 destinations across Canada, 10 destinations in the United States, and 12 scheduled weekend-charter destinations in the Caribbean. ... Avianca S.A. (Spanish acronym: Aerovías del Continente Americano, formerly Aerovías Nacionales de Colombia) has been the national flag air carrier of Colombia since 1919, making it the second-oldest continuously running airline in the world behind Dutch based KLM. Likewise it is the largest airline in the... The Ford Trimotor was a three engine civil transport aircraft first produced in 1926 by Henry Ford and continued until about 1931. ... The Lockheed L-188 Electra is an American turboprop airliner built by Lockheed. ... DC10 redirects here. ... Federal Express redirects here. ... The McDonnell Douglas MD-11 is an American three-engine medium to long-range widebody airliner, with two engines mounted on underwing pylons and a third engine at the base of the vertical stabilizer. ... Federal Express redirects here. ... The Douglas DC-9 is a twin-engined jet airliner, first manufactured in 1965 and, in much modified form and under a succession of different names, still in production today as the Boeing 717. ... AA 777-200ER landing at London Heathrow Airport American Airlines and American Eagle aircraft at San Juan Note: For the arenas named after this company, see American Airlines Center (Dallas, Texas), or American Airlines Arena (Miami, Florida). ...

AAdvantage

AAdvantage is the frequent flyer program of American Airlines. Launched May 1, 1981, it was the first such loyalty program in the world, and remains the largest with more than 50 million members as of 2005. is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ...


Miles accumulated in the program allow members to redeem tickets, upgrade service class, or obtain free or discounted car rentals, hotel stays, merchandise, or other products and services through partners. The most active members, based on the amount and price of travel booked, are designated AAdvantage Gold, AAdvantage Platinum, and AAdvantage Executive Platinum elite members, with privileges such as separate check-in, priority upgrade and standby processing, or free upgrades. They also receive similar privileges from AA's partner airlines, particularly those in Oneworld. For other uses, see Oneworld (disambiguation). ...


History

Increased competition following the 1978 Airline Deregulation Act prompted airline marketing professionals to develop ways to reward repeat customers and build brand loyalty. The first idea at American, a special "loyalty fare", was modified and expanded to offer free first class tickets and upgrades to first class for companions, or discounted coach tickets. Membership was seeded by searching AA's SABRE computer reservations system for recurring phone numbers. The 130,000 most frequent flyers, plus an additional 60,000 members of AA's Admirals Club were pre-enrolled and sent letters with their new account numbers. The name was selected by AA's advertising agency, and is consistent with other American Airlines programs featuring "AA" in the name and logo.


Less than a week later, rival United Airlines launched its Mileage Plus program; other airlines followed in the ensuing months and years. The rapid appearance of competition changed the nature of the program, and as airlines began to compete on the features of their frequent flyer programs, AAdvantage liberalized its rules, established partnerships with hotel and rental car agencies, and offered promotions such as extra free beverages. In 1982 AAdvantage also became the first program to cooperate with an international carrier; members could accrue and redeem miles on British Airways flights to Europe.


In 2005 American Airlines joined other major US carriers in introducing an online shopping portal allowing shoppers to earn AAdvantage miles when shopping online.


Partnerships

In addition to its Oneworld, American Connection, and American Eagle partnerships, American Airlines offers frequent flier partnerships with the following airlines: For other uses, see Oneworld (disambiguation). ... American Connection is a brand name used by three airlines feeding American Airliness hub at Lambert-Saint Louis International Airport: Chautauqua Airlines, serving 14 cities with 15 Embraer ERJ-140 jets RegionsAir (formerly Corporate Airlines), serving 12 cities with 10 Jetstream 32 turboprops Trans States Airlines, serving 29 cities... American Eagle Airlines is a regional airline based in Fort Worth, Texas[1]. It is a airline partner of American Airlines[2] (both wholly owned by the AMR Corporation holding company), operating over 1,800 flights a day, serving 159 cities across the USA, Canada, Mexico and the Caribbean[3...

Environmental Record

The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality has awarded American Airlines its 2005 Governor's Award for its outstanding efforts in environmental protection and pollution prevention. American Airline's wastewater treatment plant recycles water used at the base of the wash aircraft, process rinse water tanks, and irrigates landscape. That alone has saved almost 1 million dollars since 2002. In addition to that, American Airlines has also won the award for the reduction of hazardous waste. That saved them 229,000 dollars after a 2,000 investment. A bar code system used is to track hazardous waste. It has led to reduction of waste by 50 percent since 2000.[21] Aer Lingus is the flag carrier of Ireland. ... Alaska Airlines, (NYSE: ALK) is an airline based in Seattle, Washington, United States. ... // Air Pacific, Fijis international airline, is based in Nadi, Fiji Islands, operating international and domesic services around the Pacific and to North America and Japan. ... Air Tahiti Nui is French Polynesias flag carrier airline with its headquarters in Papeete, Tahiti. ... Brussels Airlines is a Belgian airline based at Brussels Airport. ... China Eastern Airlines Corporation Limited (Simplified Chinese: ) (SSE: 600115 SEHK: 0670 NYSE: CEA) is an airline based in Shanghai, China. ... Germanys main train operator, the Deutsche Bahn AG (German Railway Corporation, also known as DB or DBAG) provides passenger and freight service via federally owned tracks. ... AiRail Service is offered by Deutsche Bahn AG in cooperation with Lufthansa German Airlines, American Airlines, and Emirates. ... El Al Boeing 777-200ER El Al Israel Airlines (‎, skyward) (TASE: ELAL) is the flag carrier and largest airline of Israel. ... EVA Air (Chinese:長榮航空 Chángróng Hángkōng) is a Taiwanese airline based at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport near Taipei, Taiwan, operating passenger and dedicated cargo services to international destinations in Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Europe, and North America. ... Gulf Air (Arabic: ) is the flag carrier of the Kingdom of Bahrain. ... Hawaiian Airlines is the 11th largest commercial airline in the United States. ... Jet Airways (India) Ltd. ... Mexicana de Aviación (commonly known by the shorter name Mexicana) is Mexicos second largest airline company, after Aeroméxico, and the worlds third oldest airline still using its original name, after Hollands KLM and Colombias Avianca. ... SNCF (Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Français) (French National Railway Company) is a French public enterprise. ... Qantas Airways Limited (IPA: ) (ASX:) is the national airline of Australia. ... The Texas Commission for Environmental Quality is the environmental agency for the state of Texas. ... Environmental movement is a term often used for any social or political movement directed towards the preservation, restoration, or enhancement of the natural environment. ... The international symbol for recycling. ... This article describes hazardous waste as a substance; for the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal see Basel Convention Put simply, a Hazardous waste is waste that poses substantial or potential threats to public health or the environment and generally exhibits one...


Despite American Airlines positive reviews, Friends of the Earth accused them of an obscene waste of fuel. It is estimated that each of the five passengers on a Boeing 777 flight from Chicago to London, produced 43 tons on CO2.[22] The usual CO2 emissions for a flight from Chicago to London (one-way) is 2.9 tons.[23] Friends of the Earth is an international network of environmental organizations in 70 countries. ... The Boeing 777 is a long-range, wide-body twin-engine airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... Carbon dioxide is an atmospheric gas composed of one carbon and two oxygen atoms. ...


Violations occurring over a 4½ year period - from October 1993 to July 1998, targeted American Airlines for using high-sulfur fuel in motor vehicles at 10 major airports around the country. Under the federal Clean Air Act high sulfur fuel can not be used in motor vehicles. American Airlines promptly identified and corrected these violations of the Clean Air Act.[24] Smog over Shanghai. ...

Admirals Club

The Admirals Club was conceived by AA president C.R. Smith as a marketing gimmick shortly after he was made an honorary Texas Ranger. Inspired by the Kentucky colonels and other honorary organizations, Smith decided to make particularly valued passengers "admirals" of the "Flagship fleet" (AA called its aircraft "Flagships" at the time). The list of Admirals included many celebrities, politicians and other VIPs, as well as more "ordinary" customers who had been particularly loyal to the airline. For other uses, see Texas Rangers. ... This article is about the honorary title. ... Honorary title or title of honor is a title bestowed upon individuals or organizations as an award in recognition of their merits. ...


There was no physical Admirals Club until shortly after the opening of LaGuardia Airport. During the airport's construction, New York Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia had an upper-level lounge set aside for press conferences and business meetings. At one such press conference, he noted that the entire terminal was being offered for lease to airline tenants; after a reporter asked whether the lounge would be leased as well, LaGuardia replied that it would, and a vice president of AA immediately offered to lease the premises. The airline then procured a liquor license and began operating the lounge as the "Admirals Club" in 1939.


The second Admirals Club opened at Washington National Airport. Because it was illegal to sell alcohol in Virginia at the time, the Club contained refrigerators for the use of its members, so they could store their own liquor at the airport. For many years, membership in the Admirals Club (and most other airline lounges) was by the airline's invitation. After a passenger sued for discrimination[citation needed], the Club (and most other airline lounges) switched to a paid membership program.


Initial membership now costs $450 to $300 a year, depending on AAdvantage frequent flyer program level (and annual renewal membership costs $400-$250); membership can also be purchased with AAdvantage miles, and will be available as a special promotion for attaining 70,000 miles by year end.

Locations

[25]

guatemala city int. airport

Codeshare agreements

American has codeshare agreements with the following airlines: Atlanta Airport redirects here. ... Austin-Bergstrom International Airport is an airport located in Austin, Texas. ... Runway 13R/31L AeroSucre aircraft parked at the Domestic Cargo Terminals, to be demolished in 2008 El Dorado International Airport (IATA: BOG, ICAO: SKBO) is an international airport located in Bogotá, Colombia. ... For the Logan airport in Billings, Montana, see Billings Logan International Airport. ... Ministro Pistarini International Airport (IATA: EZE, ICAO: SAEZ) serves the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and is the countrys largest international airport. ... Simón Bolívar International Airport of Maiquetia (IATA: CCS, ICAO: SVMI) (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de Maiquetia Simón Bolívar), is located in Maiquetía, Venezuela, about 13 miles from Downtown Caracas, the capital of Venezuela. ... OHare International Airport (IATA: ORD, ICAO: KORD, FAA LID: ORD) is an airport located in Chicago, Illinois, United States, 17 miles (27 km) northwest of the Chicago Loop. ... Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport (IATA: DFW, ICAO: KDFW, FAA LID: DFW) is located between the cities of Dallas and Fort Worth,[2] and is the busiest airport in the U.S. state of Texas. ... KDEN redirects here. ... Frankfurt Airport Frankfurt Airport (IATA: FRA, ICAO: EDDF), known in German as Rhein-Main-Flughafen or Flughafen Frankfurt am Main, is located near Frankfurt am Main, Germany. ... For the United States Air Force use of this facility, see Hickam Air Force Base. ... Qantas Airways Limited (IPA: ) (ASX:) is the national airline of Australia. ... Airport diagram Airport from the east. ... Heathrow redirects here. ... LAX and KLAX redirect here. ... Mexico City International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México or AICM), also called Benito Juárez International Airport (IATA: MEX, ICAO: MMMX) is a commercial airport that serves Mexico City, the capital of Mexico. ... , Destinations with direct service from Miami Miami International Airport (IATA: MIA, ICAO: KMIA, FAA LID: MIA) is a public airport located eight miles (13 km) northwest of the central business district of Miami, in unincorporated Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. ... Nashville International Airport (IATA: BNA, ICAO: KBNA) is an airport in southeastern Nashville, Tennessee. ... For the massive interchange outside of Newark Liberty International Airport, see Newark Airport Interchange. ... For the regional airport in Wisconsin, see John F. Kennedy Memorial Airport. ... LaGuardia Airport (IATA: LGA, ICAO: KLGA, FAA LID: LGA) (pronounced ) is an airport serving New York City, New York, United States, located on the waterfront of Flushing Bay, and borders the neighborhoods of Astoria, Jackson Heights and East Elmhurst in the borough of Queens. ... John Wayne Airport (IATA: SNA, ICAO: KSNA, FAA LID: SNA) is located four miles (6 km) south of the central business district of Santa Ana, in an unincorporated area of Orange County, California. ... Tocumen International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de Tocumen) is an international airport located 15 miles (24 km) from Panama City, Panama. ... Charles de Gaulle International Airport (IATA: CDG, ICAO: LFPG) (French: ), also known as Roissy Airport (or just Roissy in French), in Paris, is one of the worlds principal aviation centres, as well as Frances main international airport. ... “PHL” redirects here. ... Raleigh-Durham International Airport (IATA: RDU, ICAO: KRDU, FAA LID: RDU) is located nine miles (14. ... Galeão - Antônio Carlos Jobim International Airport (IATA: GIG, ICAO: SBGL) better known as Galeão International Airport is Rio de Janeiros major international airport. ... , FAA diagram of San Diego International Airport San Diego International Airport (IATA: SAN, ICAO: KSAN, FAA LID: SAN), also known as Lindbergh Field, is a public airport located two miles (3 km) west of the central business district of San Diego, a city in San Diego County, California, United States... For the television series, see San Francisco International Airport (TV series). ... For the Costa Rican airport, see Juan Santamaría International Airport. ... , SJU redirects here. ... Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport (IATA: SCL, ICAO: SCEL), also known as Pudahuel Airport and Santiago International Airport, located in Santiago, is Chiles largest aviation facility, with more than 6. ... SDQ redirects here. ... Guarulhos International Airport (IATA: GRU, ICAO: SBGR), officially known as Aeroporto Internacional de São Paulo/Guarulhos - Governador André Franco Montoro, is an airport that serves São Paulo, Brazil, located in Guarulhos municipality, 22 km northeast of the São Paulo city centre. ... Diagram of STL. Lambert-Saint Louis International Airport ( IATA Airport Code STL) is the primary airport for Saint Louis, Missouri and the surrounding area. ... Narita International Airport ) (IATA: NRT, ICAO: RJAA) is an international airport located in Narita, Chiba, Japan, in the eastern portion of the Greater Tokyo Area. ... Toronto Airport redirects here. ... , FAA Airport Diagram Washington Dulles International Airport (IATA: IAD, ICAO: KIAD, FAA LID: IAD) is a public airport located 25 miles (40 km) west of the central business district of Washington, D.C., in Loudoun County and Fairfax County, Virginia, United States. ... , Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport (IATA: DCA, ICAO: KDCA, FAA LID: DCA) is a public airport located three miles (5 km) south of the central business district of Washington, D.C., in Arlington County, Virginia, United States. ...

AmericanConnection, which feeds American's hub at Lambert Saint Louis International Airport, is also a codesharing operation with three regional carriers. It also has reciprocal agreements for earning frequent flyer miles with several airlines, including all other members of the Oneworld alliance. Aer Lingus is the flag carrier of Ireland. ... // Air Pacific, Fijis international airline, is based in Nadi, Fiji Islands, operating international and domesic services around the Pacific and to North America and Japan. ... Alaska Airlines, (NYSE: ALK) is an airline based in Seattle, Washington, United States. ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ... Brussels Airlines is a Belgian airline based at Brussels Airport. ... Cathay Pacific Airways Limited (國泰航空有限公司 Pinyin (in Mandarin Chinese):Guótài Hángkōng Yŏuxiàn Gōngsī, abbreviated 國泰) is an Asian commercial airline based in Hong Kong. ... China Eastern Airlines Corporation Limited (Simplified Chinese: ) (SSE: 600115 SEHK: 0670 NYSE: CEA) is an airline based in Shanghai, China. ... Germanys main train operator, the Deutsche Bahn AG (German Railway Corporation, also known as DB or DBAG) provides passenger and freight service via federally owned tracks. ... AiRail Service is offered by Deutsche Bahn AG in cooperation with Lufthansa German Airlines, American Airlines, and Emirates. ... Categories: Airline stubs | Companies of Israel | Transportation in Israel | Airlines of Israel ... EVA Air (Chinese:長榮航空 Chángróng Hángkōng) is a Taiwanese airline based at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport near Taipei, Taiwan, operating passenger and dedicated cargo services to international destinations in Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Europe, and North America. ... Finnair is Finlands largest airline and the flag carrier. ... Gulf Air (Arabic: ) is the flag carrier of the Kingdom of Bahrain. ... Hawaiian Airlines is the 11th largest commercial airline in the United States. ... Horizon Air is a regional airline based in SeaTac, Washington, United States. ... Airbus A319-100 McDonnell Douglas MD-88 Iberia, Líneas Aéreas de España, S.A. (Iberia, Airlines of Spain) (BMAD: IBLA), or Iberia as it is commonly known, is the largest airline of Spain, based in Madrid and is the Spanish flag carrier. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Jet Airways (India) Ltd. ... LAN Airlines S.A. NYSE: LFL (formerly Lan Chile S.A.) is an airline based in Santiago, Chile. ... Malév Hungarian Airlines, a translation of the Hungarian Magyar Légiközlekedési Vállalat, is the national airline of Hungary. ... Mexicana de Aviación (commonly known by the shorter name Mexicana) is Mexicos second largest airline company, after Aeroméxico, and the worlds third oldest airline still using its original name, after Hollands KLM and Colombias Avianca. ... Qantas is Australias oldest and largest airline, and the worlds second oldest airline (after KLM). ... SNCF (Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Français) (French National Railway Company) is a French public enterprise. ... Royal Jordanian Airlines (Arabic: الملكية الأردنية; transliterated: al-Malakiyah al-Orduniyah) is an airline based in Amman, Jordan, operating scheduled international services over four continents. ... Vietnam Airlines is the national flag carrier of Vietnam, and was established as a state enterprise in April 1989. ... AmericanConnection is a brand name used by two regional airlines and their holding companies to feed American Airliness flights at the airlines Miami and St. ... Diagram of STL. Lambert-Saint Louis International Airport ( IATA Airport Code STL) is the primary airport for Saint Louis, Missouri and the surrounding area. ...

Livery

American's early liveries varied widely, but a common livery was adopted in the 1930s, featuring an eagle painted on the fuselage. The eagle became a symbol of the company and inspired the name of American Eagle Airlines. Propeller aircraft featured an international orange lightning bolt running down the length of the fuselage, which was replaced by a simpler orange stripe with the introduction of jets. Rather unusually, these Angels wear white hart (deer) badges, with the personal livery of King Richard II of England, who commissioned this, the Wilton diptych, about 1400 A livery is a uniform or other sign worn in a non-military context on a person or object (such as an airplane... Genera Several, see text. ... American Eagle Airlines is a regional airline based in Fort Worth, Texas[1]. It is a airline partner of American Airlines[2] (both wholly owned by the AMR Corporation holding company), operating over 1,800 flights a day, serving 159 cities across the USA, Canada, Mexico and the Caribbean[3... International Orange was a band featuring the talents of Snuzz (Bus Stop, Ben Folds) guitar/vox, Django Haskins on guitar/vox, and Robert Sledge (Ben Folds Five) on vox/bass and anchored by the drumming of Jason Faggotron. ...


In the late 1960s, American commissioned an industrial designer to develop a new livery. The original design called for a red, white, and blue stripe on the fuselage, and a simple "AA" logo, without an eagle, on the tail. However, American's employees revolted when the livery was made public, and launched a "Save the Eagle" campaign similar to the "Save the Flying Red Horse" campaign at Mobil. Eventually, the designer caved in and created a highly stylized eagle, which remains the company's logo to this day. In 1999, American painted a new Boeing 757 in its 1959 international orange livery. There is a Boeing 737-800 painted in the retro AstroJet livery. Mobil gas station in the Loisaida section of the East Village of New York City Mobil was a major American oil company which merged with Exxon in 1999 to form ExxonMobil. ... The Boeing 757 is an American short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ...


American is the only major U.S. airline that leaves the majority of its aircraft surfaces unpainted. This was because C. R. Smith hated painted aircraft, and refused to use any liveries that involved painting the entire plane. Robert "Bob" Crandall later justified the distinctive natural metal finish by noting that less paint reduced the aircraft's weight, thus saving on fuel costs. Eastern Air Lines and US Airways have also maintained unpainted airplanes in the past. This article is about the defunct U.S. air carrier Eastern Air Lines. ... US Airways is a low-cost carrier[2][3] owned by US Airways Group, Inc. ...

Miscellanea

  • In the 1960s, Mattel released a series of American Airlines stewardess Barbie dolls.
  • A fictitious "American Airlines Space Freighter", the Valley Forge, was the setting for the 1971 science fiction movie Silent Running, starring Bruce Dern and directed by Douglas Trumbull. The freighter featured the then-new "AA" logo on the hull, along with the crew uniforms and several set pieces.
  • On 30 March 1973 AA became the first major airline to employ a female pilot when Bonnie Tiburzi was hired to fly Boeing 727s.
  • AA lobbied heavily be assigned the IATA airline code US upon the US military releasing it for non-military use. However, USAir ultimately won the bid for the US airliner code.
  • The airline received a 100% rating on the first Corporate Equality Index released by the Human Rights Campaign in 2002 and has maintained their rating in respect to policies on employees.
  • AA is the only legacy carrier in the United States which has not filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
  • Vignelli Associates designed the AA eagle logo in 1967. Vignelli attributes the introduction of his firm to American Airlines to Henry Dreyfuss, the legendary AA design consultant. The logo is still in use today.
  • Frin October, 2001 to July, 2003, the total number of flight attendants furloughed by American Airlines were approximately 6,000, "a statement from the flight attendants' union said, as the company struggled to avoid bankruptcy. [27]

Sources

  • John M. Capozzi, A Spirit of Greatness (JMC, 2001), ISBN 0-9656410-3-1
  • Don Bedwell, Silverbird: The American Airlines Story (Airways, 1999), ISBN 0-9653993-6-2
  • Al Casey, Casey's Law (Arcade, 1997), ISBN 1-55970-307-5
  • Simon Forty, ABC American Airlines (Ian Allan, 1997), ISBN 1-882663-21-7
  • Dan Reed, The American Eagle: The Ascent of Bob Crandall and American Airlines (St. Martin's, 1993), ISBN 0-312-08696-2
  • Robert J. Serling, Eagle (St. Martin's, 1985), ISBN 0-312-22453-2
  • International Directory of Company Histories, St. James Press.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.airfleets.net/flottecie/American%20Airlines.htm
  2. ^ Federal Aviation Administration - Airline Certificate Information - Detail View
  3. ^ Aviation Week and Space Technology, January 15, 2007, p. 349
  4. ^ American airlines information pictures and facts
  5. ^ [http://www.aa.com/content/amrcorp/corporateInformation/facts/fleet.jhtml American Airlines Fleet
  6. ^ http://www.btnmag.com/businesstravelnews/headlines/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1003805154
  7. ^ Jets Across the U.S., TIME, November 17, 1958.
  8. ^ "http://www.iht.com/articles/1997/02/17/fly.t_1.php".
  9. ^ American Airlines Joins Southwest Airlines in Defeating the Wright Amendment (Today In The Sky: November 2, 2006)
  10. ^ American cancels more than 1,000 flights
  11. ^ AMR Corporation Announces Significant Capacity Reductions, Aircraft Retirements and Additional Revenue Growth Efforts
  12. ^ http://money.cnn.com/news/newsfeeds/articles/djf500/200807021332DOWJONESDJONLINE000563_FORTUNE5.htm
  13. ^ http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/business/368286_air25.html
  14. ^ http://www.caribbeanlogue.com/american-airlines-reducing-caribbean-flights.html
  15. ^ http://www.redorbit.com/news/business/1411103/american_airlines_american_eagle_cut_flights_to_caribbean/
  16. ^ American Airlines Introduces Non-Stop Service To Delhi
  17. ^ Fleet age American Airlines - Airfleets
  18. ^ American Airlines And Aviation Partners Boeing Team Up To Certify And Install 767-300ER Blended Winglets
  19. ^ American Airline's First Installation of Aircell
  20. ^ American Airlines history - aa.com
  21. ^ American Airlines Receives Texas Commission on Environmental Quality's Governor's Award
  22. ^ Sky Talk Green Activists Slam AA for Nearly Empty Flight
  23. ^ Sustainable Travel International CO2 Calculator
  24. ^ Environmental Protection Agency - American Airlines Will Make Clean Air Improvements
  25. ^ "Admirals Club Locations & Pass Information." American Airlines.
  26. ^ Jet Airways to partner American Airlines : India Business
  27. ^ American Airlines to lay off 3,100, CNN.com 2003-05-15

25.http://www.airfleets.net/flottecie/American%20Airlines.htm Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to everyday speech. ... Mattel headquarters in El Segundo Mattel Inc. ... Information Occupation See: Barbies careers Family See: List of Barbies friends and family Created by Ruth Handler Barbie is a best-selling fashion doll launched in 1959. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... For other uses, see Silent Running (disambiguation). ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ... Douglas Trumbull (born April 8, 1942) is a film director and special effects supervisor. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ... The US Airways logo A US Airways 737 at Chicago OHare US Airways is an airline based in Arlington, Virginia. ... HRC logo The Human Rights Campaign (HRC) is one of the largest lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) equal rights organization in the United States. ... Refering to the airline industry, a Legacy Carrier is an airline revolving around a hub & spoke network and a corporate structure. ... Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code governs the process of reorganization under the bankruptcy laws of the United States. ... Notice of closure stuck on the door of a computer store the day after its parent company, Granville Technology Group Ltd, declared bankruptcy (strictly, put into administration—see text) in the United Kingdom. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Jan. ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
American Airlines
  • American Airlines official website
  • American Airlines Video and Audio on MarketWatch
  • American Way inflight magazine


  Results from FactBites:
 
American Airlines (291 words)
Chicago based American Airlines can trace its history back to the mail services of the 1920s, and counts legendary aviator Charles Lindbergh amongst its early trailblazers.
The airline is the largest carrier of passengers in the world, and operates scheduled services on more than two hundred and fifty routes around the world.
Menus are designed by a top American chef, and are consequently of the highest quality, and champagne is served throughout the flight.
PBS - Chasing the Sun - American (0 words)
American Airlines, like most of the major U.S. carriers in the 20th Century, can trace its origins to the Air Mail Act of 1925.
Finally, the airline turned its first profit in 1938, and by the end of the 1930's, American had become the top domestic airline in total passenger miles flown - a record it would hold for the next 20 years.
The American Airlines Stewardess College, the world's first school devoted exclusively to flight attendant training, was founded in 1957.
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