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Encyclopedia > Amenemhat III
Preceded by:
Senusret III
Pharaoh of Egypt
12th Dynasty
Succeeded by:
Amenemhat IV
Amenemhat III
Lamares and Ameres according
to Manetho, also Ammenemes
Statuette head depicting Amenemhat III, residing in the Louvre
Statuette head depicting Amenemhat III, residing in the Louvre
Reign 1860 BC to 1814 BC
Praenomen



ny m3ˁt rˁ (Nimaatre)[1]
Belonging to the truth of Re
Nomen



Amenemhat[1]
Amun is in front
Horus name
Image:srxtail2.GIF
Wahankh[1]
Long of life
Nebty name




Itjijautawy[1]
Who comes to the inheritance of the two lands
Golden Horus

ˁ3 ba(u) (Aabaw)[1]
Great of power
Issues Neferu-Ptah, Sobekneferu
Father Sesostris III
Died 1814 BC
Burial Pyramid at Hawara
Major
Monuments
Pyramids at Dahshur and Hawara

Amenemhat III (ca. 1860 BC-1814 BC) was a pharaoh of the Twelfth Dynasty of Egypt. He ruled from 1860 BC to 1814 BC, and is regarded as the greatest monarch of the Middle Kingdom. He may have had a long coregency (of 20 years) with his father, Sesostris III. Manetho, also known as Manethon of Sebennytos, was an Egyptian historian and priest from Sebennytos who lived during the Ptolematic era, circa 3rd century BC. Manetho recorded Aegyptiaca (History of Egypt). ... Pharaoh is a title used to refer to any ruler, usually male, of the Egyptian kingdom in the pre-Christian, pre-Islamic period. ... Khafres Pyramid (4th dynasty) and Great Sphinx of Giza (c. ... Khafres Pyramid (4th dynasty) and Great Sphinx of Giza (c. ... Khakhaure (The king of the two lands, The kas of Ra have appeared) Nomen Senusret (The son of Ra, man of the strong one) Horus name Netcher Kheperu (Horus, divine of form) Nebty name Netcher Mesut (The two ladies, divine of birth) Golden Horus Kheper (The golden Horus has... Pharaoh is a title used to refer to any ruler, usually male, of the Egyptian kingdom in the pre-Christian, pre-Islamic period. ... Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Twelfth Dynasty. ... nomen or birth name Amenemhat IV was Pharaoh of Egypt, likely ruling between 1808 BC - 1799 BC. He served first as a junior coregent to Amenemhat III and completed the latters temples at Medinet Maadi. ... Manetho, also known as Manethon of Sebennytos, was an Egyptian historian and priest from Sebennytos who lived during the Ptolematic era, circa 3rd century BC. Manetho recorded Aegyptiaca (History of Egypt). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1249x1299, 539 KB) fr: Antiquité égyptienne du musée du Louvre. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1249x1299, 539 KB) fr: Antiquité égyptienne du musée du Louvre. ... The Louvre Museum (French: Musée du Louvre) in Paris, France, is the largest, oldest, most important and famous art gallery and museum in the world. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... (Redirected from 1814 BC) (20th century BC - 19th century BC - 18th century BC - other centuries) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events Hittite empire in Anatolia 1829 - 1818 BC -- Egyptian-Nubian war 1818 BC -- Egyptian Campaign in Palestine 1813 BC -- Amorite Conquest of Northern Mesopotamia 1806 BC... The royal titulary or royal protocol of an Egyptian Pharaoh is the standard naming convention taken by the kings of Ancient Egypt. ... The royal titulary or royal protocol of an Egyptian Pharaoh is the standard naming convention taken by the kings of Ancient Egypt. ... The royal titulary or royal protocol of an Egyptian Pharaoh is the standard naming convention taken by the kings of Ancient Egypt. ... Image File history File links Srxtail2. ... The royal titulary or royal protocol of an Egyptian Pharaoh is the standard naming convention taken by the kings of Ancient Egypt. ... The royal titulary or royal protocol of an Egyptian Pharaoh is the standard naming convention taken by the kings of Ancient Egypt. ... Neferu-Ptah was a daughter of the Egyptian king Amenemhat III (c. ... nomen or birth name Queen Sobekneferu (sometimes written as Nefrusobek) was the Egyptian queen of the Twelfth dynasty, who ruled without a king. ... (Redirected from 1814 BC) (20th century BC - 19th century BC - 18th century BC - other centuries) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events Hittite empire in Anatolia 1829 - 1818 BC -- Egyptian-Nubian war 1818 BC -- Egyptian Campaign in Palestine 1813 BC -- Amorite Conquest of Northern Mesopotamia 1806 BC... The Pyramid of Amenemhet III at Hawara, viewed from the east Amenemhet III was the last powerful ruler of the 12th Dynasty, and the pyramid he built at Hawara, in the Faiyum, is believed to post-date the so-called Black Pyramid built by the same ruler at Dahshur. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... (Redirected from 1814 BC) (20th century BC - 19th century BC - 18th century BC - other centuries) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events Hittite empire in Anatolia 1829 - 1818 BC -- Egyptian-Nubian war 1818 BC -- Egyptian Campaign in Palestine 1813 BC -- Amorite Conquest of Northern Mesopotamia 1806 BC... Pharaoh is a title used to refer to any ruler, usually male, of the Egyptian kingdom in the pre-Christian, pre-Islamic period. ... Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Twelfth Dynasty. ... (Redirected from 1814 BC) (20th century BC - 19th century BC - 18th century BC - other centuries) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events Hittite empire in Anatolia 1829 - 1818 BC -- Egyptian-Nubian war 1818 BC -- Egyptian Campaign in Palestine 1813 BC -- Amorite Conquest of Northern Mesopotamia 1806 BC... The Middle Kingdom is a period in the history of ancient Egypt stretching from the establishment of the Eleventh Dynasty to the end of the Fourteenth Dynasty, roughly between 2030 BC and 1640 BC. The period comprises of 2 phases, the 11th Dynasty, which ruled from Thebes and the 12th... A Co-regency is the situation where a monarchical position (such as King, Queen, Emperor or Empress), normally held by only a single person, is held by two. ... nomen or birth name Senusret III was a pharaoh of Egypt. ...

Amenemhat III depicted in statue: Lion headed with/ flared mane.
Amenemhat III depicted in statue: Lion headed with/ flared mane.

He built a first pyramid at Dahshur (the so-called "Black Pyramid") but there were building problems and this was abandoned. Around Year 15 of his reign the king decided to build a new pyramid at Hawara. The pyramid at Dahshur was used as burial ground for several royal women. Image File history File links Amenemhet_III.jpg File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Amenemhet_III.jpg File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A pyramid is any three-dimensional structure where the upper surfaces are triangular and converge on one point. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... The Black Pyramid of Amenemhat III is now nothing more than a pile of rubble. ... The Pyramid of Amenemhet III at Hawara, viewed from the east Amenemhet III was the last powerful ruler of the 12th Dynasty, and the pyramid he built at Hawara, in the Faiyum, is believed to post-date the so-called Black Pyramid built by the same ruler at Dahshur. ...


His mortuary temple at Hawara (near the Fayum), is accompanied by a pyramid and was known to Herodotus and Diodorus Siculus as the "Labyrinth." Strabo praised it as a wonder of the world. The king's pyramid at Hawara contained some of the most complex security features of any found in Egypt and is perhaps the only one to come close to the sort of tricks Hollywood associates with such structures. Nevertheless, the king's burial was robbed in antiquity. His daughter, Neferu-Ptah, was buried in a separate pyramid (discovered in 1956) 2km southwest of the king's. The Pyramid of Amenemhet III at Hawara, viewed from the east Amenemhet III was the last powerful ruler of the 12th Dynasty, and the pyramid he built at Hawara, in the Faiyum, is believed to post-date the so-called Black Pyramid built by the same ruler at Dahshur. ... Al Fayyum is one of the governorates of Egypt located in the centre of the country. ... The Great Sphinx of Giza with Khafres pyramid in the background. ... Bust of Herodotus Herodotus of Halicarnassus (Greek: , Herodotos Halikarnasseus) was a Dorian Greek historian who lived in the 5th century BC (484 BC - ca. ... Diodorus Siculus (c. ... A Roman mosaic picturing Theseus and the Minotaur. ... The Greek geographer Strabo in a 16th century engraving. ... ... Neferu-Ptah was a daughter of the Egyptian king Amenemhat III (c. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Rhind Mathematical Papyrus is thought to have been originally composed during Amenemhat's time. He enjoyed a reign of between 45 to 47 full Years although his highest known Date is a papyrus dated to Regnal Year 46, I Akhet 22 of his rule. He later instituted a coregency with his successor Amenemhet IV based upon a now damaged rock inscription at Konosso in Nubia which equates Year 1 of Amenemhet IV to either Year 46, 47 or 48 of his reign. His daughter, Sobekneferu, later succeeded Amenemhat IV, as the last ruler of the 12th Dynasty. Amenemhat III's throne name, Nimaatre, means "Belonging to the Justice of Re." The Rhind Mathematical Papyrus ( papyrus British Museum 10057 and pBM 10058), is named after Alexander Henry Rhind, a Scottish antiquarian, who purchased the papyrus in 1858 in Luxor, Egypt; it was apparently found during illegal excavations in or near the Ramesseum. ... Papyrus plant Cyperus papyrus at Kew Gardens, London Papyrus is an early form of paper made from the pith of the papyrus plant, Cyperus papyrus, a wetland sedge that grows to 5 meters (15 ft) in height and was once abundant in the Nile Delta of Egypt. ... nomen or birth name Amenemhat IV was Pharaoh of Egypt. ... nomen or birth name Amenemhat IV was Pharaoh of Egypt. ... nomen or birth name Queen Sobekneferu (sometimes written as Nefrusobek) was the Egyptian queen of the Twelfth dynasty, who ruled without a king. ...


Other names:

  • Ammenemes
  • Lamares, Ameres (According to Manetho)
  • Moeris

Manetho, also known as Manethon of Sebennytos, was an Egyptian historian and priest from Sebennytos who lived during the Ptolematic era, circa 3rd century BC. Manetho recorded Aegyptiaca (History of Egypt). ...

References

  • W. Grajetzki, The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt: History, Archaeology and Society, Duckworth, London 2006 ISBN 0-7156-3435-6, 58-61

External links

  • Amenemhet III: The Sixth king of the 12th Dynasty
  • Amenemhat (III) Nimaatre

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Ancient Egypt Site - Amenemhat III (649 words)
Amenemhat's internal policy was a continuation of his father's and aimed at increasing the power and wealth of the central government.
The end of Amenemhat's reign was plagued by a drastic decrease in the annual floods of the Nile, which was to have its impact on the country's wealth and economy.
Amenemhat's second pyramid complex, and the one where he would eventually chose to be buried, was built at Hawara, in the southeastern Fayum.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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