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Encyclopedia > Amen break
The wave form of the Amen break.

The "Amen break" (usually pronounced /a:'men/) was a drum-solo performed by Gregory Sylvester "G.C." Coleman. The "Amen Break" or "Amen," or imitations thereof, are frequently used as sampled drum loops in hip hop, jungle and drum and bass music. It is 5.20 seconds long and consists of 4 bars of the drum-solo sampled from the song "Amen, Brother" as performed by the 1960s funk and soul outfit The Winstons. The song is an up-tempo instrumental rendition of an older gospel music classic. The Winstons' version was released as a B-side of the 45 RPM 7-inch vinyl single "Color Him Father" in 1969 on Metromedia (MMS-117), and is currently available on several compilations and on a 12-inch vinyl re-release together with other songs by The Winstons. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1096x813, 129 KB) Summary Printscreen by Nrgiza Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1096x813, 129 KB) Summary Printscreen by Nrgiza Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The symbols of the International Phonetic Alphabet can be used to show pronounciation in English. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Bass drum made from wood, rope, and cowskin A drum is a musical instrument in the percussion group that can be large, technically classified as a membranophone. ... In electronic music, a loop is a sample which is repeated. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Jungle music is one of the most deviant and punkish forms of electronic music, employing fast tempos (150-190 BPM is common), layering extended and mangled breakbeats on top of throbbing, authoritative basslines, originally borrowed from reggae. ... Drum and bass (commonly abbreviated to d&b, DnB, dnb, drum n bass and drum & bass) is a type of electronic dance music also known as jungle. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Funk is an African American musical style. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... The Winstons is a funk and soul music outfit, based in Washington, D.C., from the 1960s who are most notable for recording a track called Amen, Brother (a B-side to the single Color Him Father recorded in 1969). ... Gospel music is a musical genre characterized by dominant vocals (often with strong use of harmony) referencing lyrics of a religious nature, particularly Christian. ... Revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM, r/min, or min-1) is a unit of frequency, commonly used to measure rotational speed, in particular in the case of rotation around a fixed axis. ... A collection of various CD singles In music, a single is a short recording of one or more separate tracks. ... 12 single for U2s Beautiful Day The 12-inch [30 cm] single gramophone record came into existence with the advent of disco music in the 1970s. ... The Winstons is a funk and soul music outfit, based in Washington, D.C., from the 1960s who are most notable for recording a track called Amen, Brother (a B-side to the single Color Him Father recorded in 1969). ...


As with many samples, the copyright history of the Amen break is complex. Neither the drummer, G.C. Coleman, nor the copyright owner Richard L. Spencer, the Grammy-award winning composer and performer of the hit "Color Him Father," has ever received any royalties for the sampling. Richard Lewis Spencer is an African American musician and teacher. ...


The song itself achieved fame within the hip hop and subsequent electronic music communities when Louis Flores compiled it onto his 1986 Ultimate Breaks and Beats bootleg series for DJs. Louis edited four bars of the drum break at much slower speed than the remainder of the song. Although it created a jarring difference in tempo in the center of the song, it allowed Hip-Hop DJ's to extend the beat by switching between two copies of the record on two separate turntables at a danceable tempo while ignoring the rest of the song (this technique was created by Kool Herc). A year later, E-mu released the SP1200 sampler, altering Hip-Hop production techniques from drum machines to sampled loops. Most producers began to mine their loops initially from Ultimate Breaks and Beats series, causing the Amen break to gain a massive amount of fame in the hip-hop community, crossing over to the U.K. and European dance music scenes shortly afterwards. Eventually, the song was reissued in its original form at a higher quality sound, and since most contemporary electronic music producers were speeding up the sample, the slower edited version fell out of favor. Street B-boying in San Francisco, CA Hip hop is a cultural movement that began among African-American and Puerto Rican communities in the South Bronx in the late 1970s. ... It has been suggested that Electronica be merged into this article or section. ... Ultimate Breaks and Beats, commonly abbreviated as UBB, is the name of a 25-volume compilation of mostly full-length songs that were known for their breaks. ... Categories: People stubs | Hip hop musicians | Hip hop DJs | 1955 births ... E-mu Systems was a synthesizer maker and pioneer in the manufacture of low-cost digital sampling music workstations. ... Ultimate Breaks and Beats, commonly abbreviated as UBB, is the name of a 25-volume compilation of mostly full-length songs that were known for their breaks. ...


By 1990, at the height of British rave culture, the Amen began to appear in an increasing number of so called breakbeat hardcore productions. Hardcore emphasized a unique, harsh, aggressive sound that drew strongly from hip-hop and early acid house. It added a hip-hop influence with the addition of breakbeats and increased the tempo. A strong reggae and ragga influence emerged in 1991/92, with uplifting piano melody loops or Jamaican reggae samples used at normal speed layered on top of frenetic 150 to 170 BPM breakbeats. This sound quickly evolved to a point where sliced and diced drum breaks (featuring whacky time stretched snare rolls), in conjunction with low frequency bass lines (sub bass), became the important features of many tracks; a style that was initially referred to as Jungle but then later, as the style progressed, and the rhythmic elements were refined, the term drum and bass was used to sum up the sound (which is quite literally what it was). Around the mid 1990s a number of so called IDM producers, who had been influenced by the Jungle/DnB sound, began to focus on the style and started exploring it in the context of electronica (making "danceable" club oriented tracks was not a prerequisite, in fact the more outlandish and obscure the manipulations, the more aesthetically pleasing the records were to aficionados - a trend that continues to this day in the form of breakcore). The amen break can still be found in many productions and there has in recent years been a renewed interest in the "old-skool" Jungle style. Luke Vibert, one of the many IDM producers who has explored this break (other examples include Squarepusher and Aphex Twin), has released several records under the moniker Amen Andrews, using the Amen on every track, heavily sliced and edited (yet recognizable). Look up rave in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Breakbeat hardcore (popularly known as rave music, originally referred to as simply hardcore in the United Kingdom, with old school hardcore a common term in the 21st century) is a style of electronic music that primarily uses breakbeats for its rhythm lines. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... A yellow smiley face is considered the emblem of Acid House. ... Breakbeat (sometimes breakbeats or breaks) is a term used to describe a collection of sub-genres of electronic music, usually characterized by the use of a non-straighted 4/4 drum pattern (as opposed to the steady beat of house or trance). ... The first two measures of Mozarts Sonata XI, which indicates the tempo as Andante grazioso and the metronome marking as = 120. (Metronome markings were not used in Mozarts day. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Jungle music can mean: Drum and bass - the current term used to encompass the entire musical genre of jungle and drum & bass Oldschool jungle - a style specific to the earliest form of drum and bass, it is still produced to this day Ragga jungle - a substyle of oldschool jungle, characterized... Drum and bass (commonly abbreviated to d&b, DnB, dnb, drum n bass and drum & bass) is a type of electronic dance music also known as jungle. ... Intelligent dance music (commonly IDM) is a genre of electronic music derived from dance music of the 1980s and early 1990s which puts an emphasis on novel processing and sequencing. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Electronic music. ... Breakcore is a loosely defined electronic music style that brings together elements of industrial, jungle, hardcore techno and IDM into a breakbeat-oriented sound that encourages speed, complexity, impact and maximum sonic density. ... Luke Vibert is a Cornish recording artist and producer known for his work in many subgenres of electronica. ... Squarepusher, the performing pseudonym of Tom Jenkinson, is an English electronic music artist signed to Warp Records. ... Aphex Twin (born Richard David James on August 18, 1971 in Limerick, Ireland) is an electronic music artist, credited with pushing forward the genres of techno, ambient, acid, and drum and bass. ... Luke Vibert photographed with an ARP 2500. ...


It is also used by some cross genre artists such as DJ Axera and Gomanda and in many hip-hop tunes, such as N.W.A's Straight Outta Compton. The first Hip-Hop producer to dismember the drum sounds of the Amen break and reprogram them into a new pattern was Mr. Mixx of 2 Live Crew on their 1987 song "Feel Alright Ya'll" from the Move Somethin' album, followed by the Mantronix sample-heavy track "King of the Beats" in 1988. The Amen break has also been used by rock musical acts including Perry Farrell, Nine Inch Nails and quite frequently by The Mad Capsule Markets. It can even be heard in the background of car commercials and television shows such as The Amazing Race and Futurama. Beginning drummers are often taught it as a first exercise. Hip hop (also spelled hip-hop or hiphop) is both a music genre and a cultural movement developed in urban communities starting in the 1970s, predominantly by African Americans. ... This article is about the rap group. ... Straight Outta Compton is a genre-defining gangsta rap album by N.W.A. first released in 1988, and later rereleased on September 24, 2002 in a remastered version with four bonus tracks. ... 2 Live Crew is a rap group. ... Mantronix was an innovative and influential 1980s old school hip-hop and electro funk music group led by DJ and keyboardist-programmer Kurtis Mantronik (Kurtis el Khaleel), and MC MC Tee (Touré Embden). ... Perry Farrell (born Peretz Bernstein in New York City on March 29, 1959) is a musician who, as the frontman of Janes Addiction, was one of the pioneers of alternative rock. ... “NIN” redirects here. ... The Mad Capsule Markets is a Japanese band which combines heavy guitars with hard programmed beats, as well as many experiments into softer electronica elements, reggae, and pop-influenced punk. ... Logo of the United States edition of The Amazing Race. ... Futurama is an Emmy Award-winning animated American sitcom created by Matt Groening (creator of The Simpsons) and David X. Cohen for the Fox network. ...


The Amen break's popularity probably lies in both the rough, funky, compressed style that the drums are recorded in as well as the "swing" and "groove" of the drummer who originally played the solo. The original song is also quite fast, making it more suitable for up-tempo music genres such as jungle and drum-and-bass. Additionally, it is easy to slice or rearrange with a sampler, thanks to the drummer's regularity. A few other popular drum and bass breaks are sampled from Lyn Collins' "Think (About It)," Bobby Byrd's "Hot Pants - I'm Coming, Coming, I'm Coming (Bonus Beats)," James Brown's "Funky Drummer," The Honey Drippers' "Impeach the President," and The Incredible Bongo Band's "Apache." Audio level compression, also called dynamic range compression, volume compression, compression, limiting, or DRC (often seen in DVD player settings) is a process that manipulates the dynamic range of an audio signal. ... Beat slicing is the process of using computer programs to slice an audio file of a drumloop in smaller sections, separating different drumhits. ... Lyn Collins (12th June 1948 - 13th March 2005) was a soul / R&B singer best known for working with James Brown in the 1970s. ... Think (About It) is a funk song recorded by Lyn Collins and released as a single on James Browns People Records in 1972. ... Bobby Byrd (born Bobby Day on August 15, 1934) is an African American funk/soul/R&B/gospel musician, best known as James Browns longtime sideman and co-vocalist. ... James Joseph Brown (May 3, 1933 – December 25, 2006),[3] commonly referred to as The Godfather of Soul and The Hardest Working Man in Show Business, was an American entertainer recognized as one of the most influential figures in 20th century popular music. ... The funky drummer break is one of the most used sampled drum loops in hip-hop and drum and bass music, together with the Amen break, which is more related to drum-and-bass. ... The Honey Drippers consisted of ex-Led Zeppelin members Robert Plant and Jimmy Page, plus ex-Yardbirds member Jeff Beck. ... The Incredible Bongo Band, also known as Michael Viners Incredible Bongo Band was a project started by Michael Viner, a Canadian session musician and executive at MGM Records. ...


Drumming tabs and notation

The first bar of the break goes: Image:Tabs.jpg
K : Kick
H : Hi-hat
S : Snare drum Image File history File linksMetadata Tabs. ...


The full notated break can be found here

Image File history File links The_Amen_Break,_in_context. ... Software development stages In computer programming, development stage terminology expresses how the development of a piece of software has progressed and how much further development it may require. ... The Winstons is a funk and soul music outfit, based in Washington, D.C., from the 1960s who are most notable for recording a track called Amen, Brother (a B-side to the single Color Him Father recorded in 1969). ...

See also

This is a list of tracks that sample the Amen break. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
BBC - h2g2 - The Amen Break (968 words)
The Amen break was especially popular as the source material for rinses due to the diversity of its different percussion hits and pleasing tone when pitched up to the breakneck pace of jungle
Amen break T-shirts can now be bought from fashionable urban clothing suppliers, and the average clubber in the street will refer erroneously and with great confidence to all sampled drumloops as ‘amens’.
Such is its success as a memetic unit that the Amen break is recognised acontextually in rave tunes by many thousands of people who would probably not even notice it in its original setting.
Amen break: Information from Answers.com (1009 words)
The "Amen break" (usually pronounced /a:'men/) was a drum-solo performed by Gregory Cylvester Coleman(born September 1944 - died September 2006).
It borrowed largely from hip-hop and reggae but the amen break was always an inseparable part of every jungle track in many different forms: looped straight as in oldschool jungle and breakbeat hardcore, or entirely dismembered and rearranged.
The Amen break's popularity probably lies in both the rough, funky, compressed style that the drums are recorded in as well as the "swing" and "groove" of the drummer who originally played the solo.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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