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Encyclopedia > Ambient music
Ambient music
Stylistic origins
Cultural origins
Typical instruments
Electronic musical instruments, Electroacoustic music instruments, and any other instruments or sounds (including World instruments) with electronic processing
Mainstream popularity Niche
Derivative forms Ambient house - Ambient techno - New Age - Chillout - Downtempo
Subgenres
Dark ambient - Drone music - Lowercase - Black ambient
Fusion genres
Ambient dub - Illbient - Psybient - Ambient industrial -Ambient house - Space music
Other topics
Ambient music artists - List of electronic music genres - Furniture music

Ambient music is a musical genre in which sound is more important than notes.[1] It is generally identifiable as being broadly atmospheric[2] and environmental[3] in nature. 20th century classical music, the classical music of the 20th century, was extremely diverse, beginning with the late Romantic style of Sergei Rachmaninoff, Impressionism of Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel, and continuing through the Neoclassicism of middle-period Igor Stravinsky, and ranging to such distant sound-worlds as the complete... Electronic music in the classical sense is a form differentiated from popular electronic music, sometimes known as electronica or electronic dance music. ... This article is about a musical style. ... Kosmische Musik is a style of mostly electronic music that was born in Germany in late 1960s-early 1970s; the term often refers to the whole German electronic and prog rock scene, including the so called Krautrock. ... Musique concrète (French; literally, concrete music), is a style of avant-garde music that relies on natural environmental sounds and other non-musical noises to create music. ... For space rocks, see asteroid. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... Telharmonium, created by Thaddeus Cahill 1897 Luigi Russolo and his assistant Ugo Piatti with their Intonarumori, 1913 Léon Theremin and his Theremin, 1919 Trautonium, 1928 An electronic musical instrument is a musical instrument that produces its sounds using electronics. ... The terms Electroacoustics and its sub-discipline Electroacoustic music have been used to describe several different sonic and musical genres or musical techniques. ... A folk instrument is an instrument that developed among common people and usually doesnt have a known inventor. ... Ambient house, a mix between house music and ambient music is a music style that describes itself as dreamy, chill out and quiet music. ... Ambient music is a loosely defined musical genre that incorporates elements of a number of different styles - including jazz, electronic music, new age, rock and roll, modern classical music, reggae, traditional, world and even noise. ... New Age music is a style of music originally associated with some New Age beliefs. ... chill out redirects here. ... Downtempo (or Downbeat) is a laid-back electronic music style similar to Ambient music, but usually with a beat or groove unlike the beatless forms of Ambient music. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Dark ambient is a subgenre of ambient music which emerged in the 1980s and 1990s with the introduction of new synthesizer and sampling technology in the electronic music genre and other technical advances in music. ... Drone music, also known as drone-based music, drone ambient or ambient drone, dronescape or dronology, and sometimes simply as drone, is a musical style that emphasizes the use of sustained sounds, notes, or tones-clusters – called drones. ... Originally coined by minimal artist Steve Roden, lowercase is an extreme form of ambient minimalism in which very quiet sounds bookend long stretches of silence. ... Black Ambient is a musickal forma and direction that is at oft times most difficult to define, a job made harder by those that would profess to be a part of this particular milieu associated by the sparsest of characteristics. ... Ambient music is a musical genre in which sound is more important than notes. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Ambient industrial is a hybrid genre of ambient and industrial music; the term industrial being used in the original experimental sense, rather than in the sense of industrial metal or EBM. Ambient industrial makes use of Industrial principles such as use of anti-music, extra-musical elements and shock tactics... Ambient house, a mix between house music and ambient music is a music style that describes itself as dreamy, chill out and quiet music. ... For other uses see Space-themed music, Space rock, Space jazz, or Space (disambiguation) Space music typically evokes a sense of spatial imagery and emotion or sensations of floating, cruising, flying. ... The following is a list of notable musicians who compose or have composed ambient music: Philip Aaberg Abandoned toys William Ackerman Acoustic Alchemy Act Noir Adiemus Aeoliah Aphex Twin Aes Dana Aidan Baker Air Airiel Ambeon Amp Ananta Anomalous Disturbances Anugama David Arkenstone Diane Arkenstone Ash Ra Tempel James Asher... This is a list of electronic music genres and sub-genres, though for the latter, not all possess their own article (in which case, see the main genre article). ... Furniture music, or in French musique d’ameublement (sometimes more literally translated as furnishing music), is background music originally played by live performers. ... Musical genres are categories which contain music which share a certain style or which have certain elements in common. ...


Ambient music evolved from early 20th century forms of "semi-audible music", from the impressionism of Erik Satie, through musique concrete and the minimalism of Terry Riley and Philip Glass, and Brian Eno's deliberate sub-audible approach. The impressionist movement in music is a movement in European classical music that had its beginnings in the late nineteenth century and continued into the middle of the twentieth century. ... Selfportrait of Erik Satie. ... Musique concrète is the name given to a class of electronic music produced from editing together fragments of natural and industrial sounds. ... For other uses, see Minimalism (disambiguation). ... Terry Riley – (Portrait by Betty Freeman) Terry Riley (born 24 June 1935) is an American composer associated with the minimalist school. ... Philip Glass (born January 31, 1937) is a three-times Academy Award-nominated American composer. ... Brian Eno (pronounced IPA: ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ...


Later developments found the dreamy non-linear elements of ambient music applied to some forms of rhythmic music presented in "chillout" rooms at raves and other dance events, but always with the primary feature that the music is intended to drift in and out of the listener's awareness while creating its effect on the listener's consciousness.[4] For other uses, see Rave (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

Turn of the century French composer Erik Satie created an early form of ambient music that he referred to as "furniture music" (Musique d'ameublement), in reference to something that could be played during a dinner whose sound would simply create an atmosphere for that activity rather than be the specific focus of attention.[5] Selfportrait of Erik Satie. ... Furniture music, or in French musique d’ameublement (sometimes more literally translated as furnishing music), is background music originally played by live performers. ...


Early electronic soundscape music and theories come from the work of Pierre Schaeffer, considered as the inventor of "Musique Concrete", who followed the futurists in classifying music into categories such as man made, natural, short and long. He made some of the first electronic music using record players and natural sounds, and cutting up tape, making the first experimental music use of recording and magnetic tape. Even his work can be seen as preempted by Schopenhauer's ideas of 'soundworlds', literally worlds made up entirely of sounds. Karlheinz Stockhausen created pioneering electronic musical experiments later in 1955, and these two (amongst others) lay the groundwork for ambient music to appear decades later when music technology had developed. A soundscape is an acoustic environment or an environment created by sound. ... Pierre Henri Marie Schaeffer (August 14, 1910–August 19, 1995) was a French composer, noted as the inventor of musique concrète. ... Musique concrète is the name given to a class of electronic music produced from editing together fragments of natural and industrial sounds. ... Arthur Schopenhauer Arthur Schopenhauer (February 22, 1788 – September 21, 1860) was a German philosopher born in Gdańsk (Danzig), Poland. ... Karlheinz Stockhausen (born August 22, 1928) is a German composer, and one of the most important and controversial composers of the 20th century (Barret 1988, 45; Harvey 1975b, 705; Hopkins 1972, 33; Klein 1968, 117; Power 1990, 30). ...


Brian Eno is generally credited with coining the term "ambient music" in the mid-1970s to refer to music that, as he stated, can be either "actively listened to with attention or as easily ignored, depending on the choice of the listener", and that exists on the "cusp between melody and texture."[5] Eno, who describes himself as a "non-musician", termed his experiments in sound as "treatments" rather than as traditional performances. Eno used the word "ambient" to describe music that creates an atmosphere that puts the listener into a different state of mind; having chosen the word based on the Latin term "ambire", "to surround".[6] Brian Eno (pronounced IPA: ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ...


The liner notes of Eno's 1978 release Ambient 1: Music for Airports includes a manifesto describing his philosophy of ambient music: Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Ambient 1/Music for Airports (1978) is one of Brian Enos first ambient albums. ...

"Ambient Music must be able to accommodate many levels of listening attention without enforcing one in particular; it must be as ignorable as it is interesting."Brian Eno, Music for Airports liner notes, September 1978 Brian Eno (pronounced IPA: ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ...

Eno has acknowledged the influence of Erik Satie and John Cage, in particular Cage's use of chance such as throwing the I Ching to direct a musical composition; and minimalist music in general. Eno used the term "ambient music" to distance his work from elevator music and Muzak. Eno also acknowledged influences of the mood music of Miles Davis and Teo Macero, especially their 1974 epic piece, "He Loved Him Madly", about which Eno wrote, "that piece seemed to have the 'spacious' quality that I was after...it became a touchstone to which I returned frequently."[6] Selfportrait of Erik Satie. ... For the Mortal Kombat character, see Johnny Cage. ... Alternative meaning: I Ching (monk) The I Ching (Traditional Chinese: 易經, pinyin y jīng; Cantonese IPA: jɪk6gɪŋ1; Cantonese Jyutping: jik6ging1; alternative romanizations include I Jing, Yi Ching, Yi King) is the oldest of the Chinese classic texts. ... This article is about a musical style. ... Elevator music, also known as lift music (in the UK), piped music or muzak, refers to the gentle, bland instrumental arrangements of popular music designed for play in shopping malls, grocery stores, department stores, telephone systems (while the caller is on hold), cruise ships, airports, doctors and dentists offices, and... Muzak Holdings LLC is a company, founded in 1934, that is best known for distribution of music to retail stores and other companies. ... Light Music is a generic term applied to a mainly British musical style of light orchestral music, which began post-World War One and had its heyday during the mid-20th Century, although arguably lasts to the present day. ... Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991) was an American jazz musician, widely considered to be one of the most influential of the 20th century. ... Teo Macero (Born October 30, 1925) is a jazz saxophonist and record producer. ...


Early albums by Pink Floyd (such as Ummagumma and Meddle) and by the "kosmische Musik"-oriented krautrock artists, like Tangerine Dream, Popol Vuh, and Cluster have greatly influenced the genre. Among the first electronic ambient albums were Affenstunde (1970) and In Den Garten Pharaos (1971) by Popol Vuh. Another important album was Sonic Seasonings (1972) by Wendy Carlos. Other early artists such as Klaus Schulze (a former member of Tangerine Dream and Ash Ra Tempel), Jean Michel Jarre, and Kraftwerk in the 1970s and 1980s were influential. In the 1970s, some ambient, krautrock, and other musicians who were influenced by new age spirituality created the eclectic genre known as New Age music, selling millions independent from the mainstream music industry by direct order or new age shops. By the 1980s, New Age music had become so much better known than ambient music, that ambient was taken as a synonym for "New Age", and many ambient musicians deliberately took on new age themes to market themselves to this audience. Pink Floyd are an English rock band that initially earned recognition for their psychedelic rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music. ... Ummagumma is a progressive/psychedelic rock double album by Pink Floyd, released in 1969. ... Alternate cover U.S./Canadian releases cover Meddle is an album by English progressive rock band Pink Floyd. ... Krautrock, also known as Kosmische Musik, is a generic name for the experimental music scene that appeared in Germany in the late 1960s and gained popularity throughout the 1970s. ... Tangerine Dream is a German electronic music group founded in 1967 by Edgar Froese. ... Popol Vuh is a German cosmic music band founded by pianist and keyboardist Florian Fricke in 1970 together with Holger Trulzsch (percussion) and Frank Fiedler (electronics). ... Cluster is a German krautrock musical group who influenced the development of new age music and ambient music. ... For other uses, see Electronic music (disambiguation). ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... Popol Vuh is a German cosmic music band founded by pianist and keyboardist Florian Fricke in 1970 together with Holger Trulzsch (percussion) and Frank Fiedler (electronics). ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Wendy Carlos (born Walter Carlos, November 14, 1939) is an American composer and electronic musician. ... Klaus Schulze is a German electronic music composer and musician. ... Tangerine Dream is a German electronic music group founded in 1967 by Edgar Froese. ... Ash Ra Tempel were one of the more notable German Krautrock groups of the 70s and 80s. ... Jean-Michel André Jarre (born August 24, 1948 in Lyon, France) is a French composer, performer and music producer. ... Kraftwerk (pronounced [], German for power station) is a German musical group from Düsseldorf that has made immense contributions to the development of improvisational rock and electronic music, most notably within the latter categorys sub-genres which later became known as synthpop, electro, techno, house and IDM. Early musical... New Age describes a broad movement characterized by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture. ... New Age music is a style of music originally associated with some New Age beliefs. ...


Influences on other genres

Beginning in the 1980s, Ambient music influenced some pop bands including New Order, Depeche Mode, Simple Minds and U2. Later, electronic dance music and synth pop merged in many artists' works with the dreamy, meandering sound of Eno-style ambient music. Under the guise of various styles, this new genre sometimes referred to as ambient house, ambient techno, ambient dub, IDM, ambience, or simply "ambient" in common use, saw the birth of a new wave of artists like The Orb, Aphex Twin, the Irresistible Force, Geir Jenssen's Biosphere, and the Higher Intelligence Agency. The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... This article is about the alternative rock/electronic band New Order. ... Depeche Mode (pronounced ) are an electronic music band formed in 1980, in Basildon, Essex, England. ... Simple Minds is a rock band from Scotland, which had its greatest worldwide popularity from the mid-1980s to the early-1990s. ... This article is about the Irish rock band. ... Electronic dance music (EDM) is a broad set of percussive music genres that largely inherit from 1970s disco music and, to some extent, the experimental pop music of Kraftwerk. ... Ambient house, a mix between house music and ambient music is a music style that describes itself as dreamy, chill out and quiet music. ... Ambient music is a loosely defined musical genre that incorporates elements of a number of different styles - including jazz, electronic music, new age, rock and roll, modern classical music, reggae, traditional, world and even noise. ... Dub is a form of Jamaican music, which developed in the early 1970s. ... Intelligent dance music (commonly IDM) is a genre of electronic music derived from dance music of the 1980s and early 1990s which puts an emphasis on novel processing and sequencing. ... The Orb are an English electronic music group known for popularising chill out music in the 1990s and spawning the genre of ambient house. ... Aphex Twin (born Richard David James on August 18, 1971 in Limerick, Ireland) is a Cornish electronic music artist, credited with pushing forward the genres of techno, ambient, acid and drum and bass. ... Irresistible Force is the production identity for UK ambient DJ Mixmaster Morris. ... Biosphere is the main recording name of Geir Jenssen (born 1962 in Tromsø, Norway), a musician who has released a notable catalogue of ambient electronic music. ... Higher Intelligence Agency, often also refered to by its acronym HIA, is the main electronic music project of Birmingham UK based Bobby Bird. ...


Early Warp records artists, (as well as later ones such as Aphex Twin), FSOL Future Sound of London (Lifeforms, ISDN) Autechre, (Incunabula, Amber), Boards of Canada, Massive Attack, Portishead, and The KLF all took a part in popularising and diversifying ambient music. Warp Records is a pioneering independent UK record label, founded in Sheffield in 1989, notable for discovering some of the most enduring artists in electronic music. ... Aphex Twin (born Richard David James on August 18, 1971 in Limerick, Ireland) is a Cornish electronic music artist, credited with pushing forward the genres of techno, ambient, acid and drum and bass. ... Future Sound of London (often abbreviated to FSOL) is a British electronic music band, the duo of Garry Cobain and Brian Dougans. ... Lifeforms is a 1994 double album by experimental electronic music group The Future Sound of London. ... ISDN is also short for isosorbide dinitrate Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) is a type of circuit switched telephone network system, designed to allow digital (as opposed to analog) transmission of voice and data over ordinary telephone copper wires, resulting in better quality and higher speeds, than available with analog... Autechre is an English electronic music group consisting of Rob Brown (born c. ... Incunabula, released by Warp Records in 1993, is the debut album by the electronic music group Autechre, and the seventh album in the Artificial Intelligence series. ... Amber (born Marie-Claire Creamers on May 9, 1969) is a Dutch-born and Germany-raised singer/songwriter, label owner and executive producer. ... Boards of Canada is a Scottish electronic music duo consisting of brothers Michael Sandison (born 10 June 1969) and Marcus Eoin Sandison (born 21 September 1970). ... Massive Attack are an English trip hop band. ... For the town, see Portishead, Somerset. ... KLF redirects here. ...


Chillout is generally linked to club culture and is sometimes used as a term which includes ambient music as a subset of itself, though usually chillout music has a beat and is not completely ambient with no rhythm at all. UK techno developed in particular at Warp Records in Sheffield, where previous electronic pioneers such as Cabaret Voltaire and Autechre laid the groundwork for ambient techno to develop, and for Aphex Twin and Boards of Canada to develop later. From this scene developed ambient dub and ambient techno. Intelligent Dance Music is another term synonymous with this scene. Electroacoustic and acousmatic music are 'classical' art music forms that use electronic sound creation instead of or alongside acoustic instruments. Glitch music is a subset of this work. Some club groups have created live ambient music, mixing dub techniques with ambient textures and dance grooves. Chill out (sometimes chillout), a term derived from a slang injunction to relax, emerged in the early and mid-1990s as a catch-all term for various styles of relatively mellow, slow-tempo music made by contemporary producers in the electronic music scene. ... Warp Records is a pioneering independent UK record label, founded in Sheffield in 1989, notable for discovering some of the most enduring artists in electronic music. ... Cabaret Voltaire was a British music group from Sheffield, England. ... Autechre is an English electronic music group consisting of Rob Brown (born c. ... Aphex Twin (born Richard David James on August 18, 1971 in Limerick, Ireland) is a Cornish electronic music artist, credited with pushing forward the genres of techno, ambient, acid and drum and bass. ... Boards of Canada is a Scottish electronic music duo consisting of brothers Michael Sandison (born 10 June 1969) and Marcus Eoin Sandison (born 21 September 1970). ... Intelligent dance music (commonly IDM) is a genre of electronic music derived from dance music of the 1980s and early 1990s which puts an emphasis on novel processing and sequencing. ... Glitch (also known as Clicks and Cuts from a representative compilation series by the German record label Mille Plateaux) is a genre of electronic music that became popular in the late 1990s with the increasing use of digital signal processing, particularly on computers. ...


Soundtracks

Ambient music has been used in many television shows and motion pictures and is notable for contributing to their atmosphere, or soundscapes. Being an alternative to canned incidental music or stock music cues, it also gives the musician artistic freedom. The traditional practice of composing for film or television usually involves the composer creating recognizable theme songs or jingles for the setting, hero or villain, and for plot elements such as love interest, action, comic relief, and death scenes. However, ambient music is noted for taking a less formulaic approach in its use in film and TV shows. David Lynch's 1984 film Dune, for example, forgoes the epic sci-fi adventure style theme music popularized by Star Wars in favor of a more atmospheric music score by Toto and Brian Eno. Electronic musician Paddy Kingsland is noted for the music style he brought to several serials of the television series Doctor Who which had until then relied mostly on stock music cues or minimal music for much of its history. A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as part of... A soundscape is an acoustic environment or an environment created by sound. ... Incidental music is music in a play, television program, radio program or some other form not primarily musical. ... A jingle is a memorable advertising slogan set to an engaging melody, mainly broadcast on radio. ... The love interest is a stock character, an object of romantic admiration and attraction for the principal character(s), or heroes. ... Comic relief is the inclusion of a humorous character or scene or witty dialogue in an otherwise serious work, often to relieve tension. ... For other persons named David Lynch, see David Lynch (disambiguation). ... This article is about the year. ... Dune is a 1984 science fiction film written and directed by David Lynch, based on the 1965 Frank Herbert novel of the same name. ... The epic is a broadly defined genre of narrative poetry, characterized by great length, multiple settings, large numbers of characters, or long span of time involved. ... Sci-fi is an abbreviation for science fiction. ... This article is about the series. ... Toto (IPA pronunciation: ) is a Grammy Award winning American rock band founded in 1976[1] by some of the most popular and experienced session musicians of the era. ... Paddy Kingsland is a composer of electronic music best known for his incidental music for science fiction series on BBC radio and TV, including two versions of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy: the second radio series and the TV adaptation, as well as several serials of Doctor Who. ... This article is about the television series. ...


Related and derivative genres

Ambient dub

Ambient Dub was a phrase first coined by the now defunct Beyond record label in early 1990s in Birmingham, England. Their defining series of albums "Ambient Dub 1, 2, through to 4 inspired many, including sound engineer and producer Bill Laswell, who used the same phrase in his music project Divination, where he collaborates with different musicians on each album (though sometimes the same ones are on more than one of the albums such as Tetsu Inoue and others). Laswell also presented Ambient dub and Ambient house music on albums by his collaboration project Axiom Dub, featuring recording artists the Orb, Jah Wobble, Jaki Liebezeit and DJ Spooky. Beyond can refer to: Beyond, a Hong Kong rock band. ... Bill Laswell (born February 12, 1955 in Salem, Illinois and raised in Albion, Michigan) is an American bassist, producer and record label owner. ... For other uses, see Divination (disambiguation). ... Tetsu Inoue is a producer of electronic music. ... Ambient house, a mix between house music and ambient music is a music style that describes itself as dreamy, chill out and quiet music. ... The Orb are an English electronic music group known for popularising chill out music in the 1990s and spawning the genre of ambient house. ... Jah Wobble (born John Wardle, Stepney 1958) is an English bass guitarist, singer, poet and composer. ... Jaki Liebezeit is a drummer probably best known as a founding member of Can. ... DJ Spooky, That Subliminal Kid (born Paul D. Miller, 1970), is a Washington DC-born electronic and experimental hip hop musician whose work is often called illbient or trip hop. He is a turntablist and producer. ...


Ambient dub involves the genre melding of dub styles made famous by King Tubby and other Jamaican sound artists with DJ inspired ambient electronica, complete with all the inherent drop-outs, echo, equalization and psychedelic electronic effects. As writer and performer David Toop explains in an early Beyond Records newsletter, "Dub music is like a long echo delay, looping through time...turning the rational order of musical sequences into an ocean of sensation." King Tubby King Tubby (born Osbourne Ruddock, January 28, 1941 – February 6, 1989) was a Jamaican electronics and sound engineer, known primarily for his influence on the development of dub in the 1960s and 1970s. ... David Toop (born 1949) is a musician, author, and as of 2001 was visiting Research Fellow at the London Media School. ...


Organic ambient music

Organic ambient music is characterised by integration of electronic, electric, and acoustic musical instruments. Aside from the usual electronic music influences, organic ambient tends to incorporate influences from world music, especially drone instruments and hand percussion. Organic ambient is intended to be more harmonious with nature than with the disco. Some of the artists in this sub-genre include Robert Rich, Steve Roach, Vidna Obmana, O Yuki Conjugate, Ma Ja Le, Vir Unis, James Johnson, Loren Nerell, and Tuu. For other uses, see Electronic music (disambiguation). ... The article on electrical energy is located elsewhere. ... World music is, most generally, all the music in the world. ... In music, a drone is a harmonic or monophonic effect or accompaniment where a note or chord is continuously sounded throughout much or all of a piece, sustained or repeated, and most often establishing a tonality upon which the rest of the piece is built. ... Percussion redirects here. ... This article is about the physical universe. ... This article is about the music genre. ... Robert Rich is an ambient musician and composer based in California, USA. He began building his own synthesizers in 1976, when he was 13 years old. ... Steve Roach (born 1955 in La Mesa, California) is a pioneering American ambient musician, composer and performer. ... Vidna Obmana is a pseudonym for Belgian composer and ambient music artist Dirk Serries. ... O Yuki Conjugate is an organic ambient musical group, sometimes based in London. ... There have been a number of people named James Johnson: James Johnson (musicologist), a late 18th-century Scottish musicologist James Johnson (Virginia) (?-1825), a U.S. congressman from Virginia James Johnson (Kentucky) (1774-1826), a U.S. congressman from Kentucky James Hutchins Johnson (1802-1887), a U.S. Congressman from... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Tuu is an ambient music group, sometimes categorized as new age. ...


Some works by ambient pioneers such as Brian Eno, Laraaji or Popul Vuh who use a combination of traditional instruments (such as piano or hammered dulcimer or hand percussion, though usually processed through tape loops or other devices) and electronic instruments, would be considered organic ambient music in this sense. In the 70's and 80's Klaus Schulze often recorded string ensembles and performances by solo cellists to go along with his extended Moog synthesizer workouts. Brian Eno (pronounced IPA: ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ... Born Edward Larry Gordon in 1943 in Philadelphia, he studied violin, piano, trombone and voice in his early years in New Jersey. ... The Popol Vuh (Council Book or Book of the Community; Popol Wuj in modern Quiché spelling) is the book of scripture of the Quiché, a Kingdom of the Maya civilization in Guatemala. ... Klaus Schulze is a German electronic music composer and musician. ... This article is about the stringed musical instrument. ... The term Moog(pronounced // as in moan) synthesizer can refer to any number of analog synthesizers designed by Dr. Robert Moog or manufactured by Moog Music, and is commonly used as a generic term for analog and digital music synthesisers. ...


Nature inspired ambient music

The music is composed from samples and recordings of naturally occurring sounds. Sometimes these samples can be treated to make them more instrument-like. The samples may be arranged in repetitive ways to form a conventional musical structure or may be random and unfocused. Sometimes the sound is mixed with urban or "found" sounds. Examples include much of Biosphere's Substrata, Mira Calix's insect music and Chris Watson's Weather Report. Some overlap occurs between organic ambient and nature inspired ambient. One of the first albums in the genre, Wendy Carlos' Sonic Seasonings, combines sampled and synthesized nature sounds with ambient melodies and drones for a particularly relaxing effect. The album Second Nature by Bill Laswell, Tetsu Inoue, and Atom Heart is an ambient album that uses processed nature sounds, with reverb and echo to create a hypnotic environment. Biosphere, the recording name of Geir Jenssen, is a Norwegian musician who has released a large catalogue of ambient electronic music. ... Album by Biosphere released in 1997 by All Saints Records. ... Mira Calix, real name Chantal Passamonte, is an artist signed to Warp Records who mixes her intimate vocals with jittering beats and experimental electronic textures. ... Chris Watson is a sound recordist specialising in natural history. ... Weather Report may refer to either of two self-titled albums from jazz fusion group Weather Report: Weather Report (1971) Weather Report (1982) Category: ... Wendy Carlos (born Walter Carlos, November 14, 1939) is an American composer and electronic musician. ... Sonic Seasonings is the third album by synthesizer pioneer Wendy Carlos, which was released in 1972. ... Bill Laswell (born February 12, 1955 in Salem, Illinois and raised in Albion, Michigan) is an American bassist, producer and record label owner. ... Tetsu Inoue is a producer of electronic music. ... Uwe Schmidt (aka Señor Coconut; born in Frankfurt, Germany) is a German DJ and producer of electronic music. ...


Dark ambient

Main article: Dark ambient

Dark ambient is a general term for any kind of ambient music with a "dark" or dissonant feel, but often involves extensive use of digital reverb to create vast sonic spaces for frightening, bottom-heavy sounds such as deep drones, gloomy male chorus, echoing thunder, and distant artillery. It has an eerie feel. Robert Rich's collaboration with Lustmord on Stalker epitomizes this sub-genre. Related styles include ambient industrial and isolationist ambient. (See also List of dark ambient artists) Dark ambient is a subgenre of ambient music which emerged in the 1980s and 1990s with the introduction of new synthesizer and sampling technology in the electronic music genre and other technical advances in music. ... Dark ambient is a subgenre of ambient music which emerged in the 1980s and 1990s with the introduction of new synthesizer and sampling technology in the electronic music genre and other technical advances in music. ... There are several entries for people with the name Robert Rich: There is an ambient musician by the name Robert Rich Robert Rich is a pen name used by American screenwriter and novelist Dalton Trumbo Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick was a British naval officer and politician. ... Brian Lustmord Williams is a musician credited with creating the dark ambient genre with the influential album, Heresy - a relentlessly dark work that sounds like a journey through Hell. ... Stalker (1995) is a collaborative album by ambient musicians Robert Rich and B.Lustmord (Brian Williams). ... The following is a list of notable artists who compose, or have composed dark ambient music. ...


There are also a few black metal bands, such as Burzum and Mortiis, who produce ambient music, be it not always with such a dark atmosphere. Illbient is another kind of dark ambient music that has more of a beat but still creates the spooky disturbing feelings. This article is about the musical genre. ... Burzum began in 1991 as a prominent and influential Norwegian black metal act by Varg Vikernes (born Kristian Vikernes). ... Mortiis (born HÃ¥vard Ellefsen on July 25, 1975 in Notodden, Norway), is a Norwegian musician. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...


Ambient techno

A rarified, more specific re-orientation of ambient house, ambient techno is usually applied to artists such as B12, early Aphex Twin, the Black Dog, Higher Intelligence Agency, and Biosphere. It distinguished artists who combined the melodic and rhythmic approaches of techno and electro -- use of 808 and 909 drum machines; well-produced, thin-sounding electronics; minor-key melodies and alien-sounding samples and sounds -- with the soaring, layered, aquatic atmospheres of beatless and experimental ambient. Most often associated with labels such as Apollo, GPR, Warp, and Beyond, the terminology morphed into "intelligent techno" after Warp released its Artificial Intelligence series, although the music's stylistic references remained largely unchanged. IDM, short for intelligent dance music, is an electronic music genre which began as a style of techno in the early 1990s and moved on to include the textures and sound manipulation methods of Musique concrète and early, true industrial bands such as Coil and Nurse With Wound. ... Artificial Intelligence was a compilation album released on Warp Records on July 9, 1992 (see 1992 in music), and subsequently for America in 1993 on the Wax Trax label. ...


Ambient house

Main article: Ambient house

Ambient house is a musical category founded in the late 1980s that is used to describe acid house featuring ambient music elements and atmospheres. Tracks in the ambient house genre typically feature four-on-the-floor beats, synth pads, and vocal samples integrated in an atmospheric style.[7] Ambient house tracks generally lack a diatonic center and feature much atonality along with synthesized chords. Ambient house, a mix between house music and ambient music is a music style that describes itself as dreamy, chill out and quiet music. ... For the 1994 novel by Irvine Welsh, see The Acid House. ... Four on the floor may refer to one of the following. ... The term synthesiser is also used to mean frequency synthesiser, an electronic system found in communications. ... In music theory, a diatonic scale (from the Greek diatonikos, to stretch out; also known as the heptatonia prima; set form 7-35) is a seven-note musical scale comprising five whole-tone and two half-tone steps, in which the half tones are maximally separated. ... Atonality describes music not conforming to the system of tonal hierarchies, which characterizes the sound of classical European music between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries. ...


Ambient industrial

Main article: Ambient industrial

Ambient industrial is a hybrid genre of ambient and industrial music; the term industrial being used in the original experimental sense, rather than in the sense of industrial metal or EBM. A "typical" ambient industrial work (if there is a such thing) might consist of evolving dissonant harmonies of metallic drones and resonances, extreme low frequency rumbles and machine noises, perhaps supplemented by gongs, percussive rhythms, bullroarers, distorted voices and/or anything else the artist might care to sample (often processed to the point where the original sample is no longer recognizable). Entire works may be based on radio telescope recordings, the babbling of newborn babies, or sounds recorded through contact microphones on telegraph wires. Ambient industrial is a hybrid genre of ambient and industrial music; the term industrial being used in the original experimental sense, rather than in the sense of industrial metal or EBM. Ambient industrial makes use of Industrial principles such as use of anti-music, extra-musical elements and shock tactics... It has been suggested that Chicago Industrial be merged into this article or section. ... Industrial metal is a musical genre that draws elements from industrial music and heavy metal music. ... Electronic body music (mainly known by its acronym EBM) is a music genre that combines elements of industrial music and electronic punk music. ...


Among the many artists who work in this area are Coil, CTI, Lustmord, Susumu Yokota , Hafler Trio, Nocturnal Emissions, Zoviet France, PGR, Thomas Köner, Controlled Bleeding, and Deutsch Nepal. It is important to note, however, that many of these artists are very eclectic in their output, with much of it falling outside of ambient industrial per se. Coil was an English cross-genre, experimental music group formed in 1982 by John Balance—later credited as Jhonn Balance—and his lover Peter Christopherson, aka Sleazy.[1] The duo worked together on a series of releases before Balance chose the name Coil, which he claimed to be inspired by... CTI may stand for: The School of Computer Science, Telecommunications and Information Systems (CTI) at DePaul University Corrugated Technologies, Inc. ... Brian Lustmord Williams is a musician credited with creating the dark ambient genre with the influential album, Heresy - a relentlessly dark work that sounds like a journey through Hell. ... Susumu Yokota is a prolific Japanese composer. ... The Hafler Trio is a conceptual and sound art group that has released numerous albums and CDs in experimental musical styles ranging from electronica, cut-up, ambient, environmental soundscape, musique concrete, electro-acoustic, and audio-montage as cinema for the ears from 1986 to present, each of which utilise graphic... Nocturnal Emissions is sound art project that has released numerous records and CDs in music styles ranging from electro-acoustic, musique concrete, hybridised beats, sound collage, post-industrial music and noise music. ... Zoviet france (also known as Soviet France, and also written as :zoviet*france:) is a fairly prolific industrial music group from Newcastle upon Tyne in Northern England. ... PGR could refer to: a television content rating level used in New Zealand - see TV Parental Guidelines Państwowe Gospodarstwo Rolne - state owned farm in Peoples Republic of Poland Progessive Rail, Inc. ... Thomas Köner (born 1965 in Bochum, Germany) is a multimedia artist whose main interest lies in combining visual and auditory experiences. ... Controlled Bleeding were an experiment / industrial band formed in 1979 by Paul Lemos and Chris Moriarty, and later joined by Joe Papa. ... ©, look at the external link. ...


Space music

Main article: Space music

Space music, also spelled spacemusic, includes music from the Ambient genre as well as a broad range of other genres with certain characteristics in common to create the experience of contemplative spaciousness.[8][9][10] Space music ranges from simple to complex sonic textures sometimes lacking conventional melodic, rhythmic, or vocal components,[11][12] generally evoking a sense of "continuum of spatial imagery and emotion",[13] beneficial introspection, deep listening[14] and sensations of floating, cruising or flying.[15][16] For other uses see Space-themed music, Space rock, Space jazz, or Space (disambiguation) Space music typically evokes a sense of spatial imagery and emotion or sensations of floating, cruising, flying. ...


Space music is used by individuals for both background enhancement and foreground listening, often with headphones, to stimulate relaxation, contemplation, inspiration and generally peaceful expansive moods[17] and soundscapes. Space music is also a component of many film soundtracks, commonly used in planetariums, and used as a relaxation aid and for meditation.[18] A soundscape is an acoustic environment or an environment created by sound. ... In film formats, the soundtrack is the physical area of the film which records the synchronized sound. ... For the song by Ai Otsuka, see Planetarium (song) // A planetarium is a theatre built primarily for presenting educational and entertaining shows about astronomy and the night sky, or for training in celestial navigation. ... Relaxation techniques are used by people who wish to relax, for a wide variety of reasons. ... For other senses of this word, see Meditation (disambiguation). ...


Hearts of Space is a well-known radio show and affiliated record label, specializing in Space Music since 1984, having released over 150 albums devoted to the music style. Notable artists who have brought elements of Ambient music to Space music include Michael Hedges, Michael Stearns, Constance Demby, Jean Michel Jarre, Robert Rich, Steve Roach, Dweller at the Threshold, Klaus Schulze and Tangerine Dream (as well as the group's founder Edgar Froese). Hearts of Space is a popular radio show featuring space music, a term that the program helped to popularize. ... Michael Hedges 1953-1997 Michael Hedges (December 31, 1953 – December 2, 1997) was an American acoustic guitarist born in Enid, Oklahoma. ... Michael Stearns (born in 1948), is a pioneering American ambient musician, and a film composer. ... Constance Demby is a New Age composer. ... Jean-Michel André Jarre (born August 24, 1948 in Lyon, France) is a French composer, performer and music producer. ... Robert Rich is an ambient musician and composer based in California, USA. With a discography spanning over twenty years, he is widely regarded as a figure whose sound has greatly influenced todays ambient, new age, and even IDM music. ... Steve Roach (born 1955 in La Mesa, California) is a pioneering American ambient musician, composer and performer. ... Dweller at the Threshold (DATT) was an electronic music band based in Portland, Oregon, USA from 1993 to 2005. ... Klaus Schulze is a German electronic music composer and musician. ... Tangerine Dream is a German electronic music group founded in 1967 by Edgar Froese. ... Edgar W. Froese (born June 6, 1944) is an artist and electronic music pioneer, best known for co-founding the electronic music act Tangerine Dream. ...


Isolationist ambient music

Isolationist ambient music is also known as "isolationism", differentiated from other forms of ambient music in its use of repetition, dissonance, microtonality, and unresolved harmonies to create a sense of unresolved unease and desolation.[19] The term was popularized in the mid-1990s by the British magazine The Wire and the Ambient 4: Isolationism compilation from Virgin, this began as more or less a synonym for ambient industrial, but also inclusive of certain post-techno streams of ambient, such as Autechre and Aphex Twin.[1] The Sombient label is now the primary purveyor of isolationist ambient, in particular with the "drones" compilation series. Some of the artists known for this style of ambient music include Robert Fripp and Chuck Hammer Guitarchitecture. The Wire is a British avant garde music magazine. ... Virgin Records was a British recording label founded by English entrepreneur Richard Branson, and Nik Powell in 1972. ... Autechre is an English electronic music group consisting of Rob Brown (born c. ... Aphex Twin (born Richard David James on August 18, 1971 in Limerick, Ireland) is a Cornish electronic music artist, credited with pushing forward the genres of techno, ambient, acid and drum and bass. ... Robert Fripp (born 16 May 1946 in Wimborne Minster, Dorset, England) is a guitarist, record producer and a composer, perhaps best known for being the guitarist for, and only constant member of, the progressive rock band King Crimson. ... Chuck Hammer, a guitarist, guitar synthesist, and digital film composer recorded work with Lou Reed and David Bowie. ... Guitarchitecture: textured layers, multi tracked guitar events. ...


Notable musicians and works in chronological order

Artist name Influential works
Erik Satie 1917 - Furniture music (1)
1920 - Furniture music (2)
1923 - Furniture music (3)
Edgard Varèse 1934 - Ecuatorial
Pierre Schaeffer 1948 - Etude aux Chemins de Fer
Terry Riley 1964 - In C
1968 - A Rainbow in Curved Air
Miles Davis 1969 - In A Silent Way
1974 - Big Fun for "Orange Lady"
1974 - Get Up With It for "He Loved Him Madly"
Popol Vuh 1970 - Affenstunde
1971 - In den Gärten Pharaos
Cluster 1971 - Cluster
1972 - Cluster II
1974 - Zuckerzeit
1976 - Soweisoso
1977 - Cluster & Eno (with Brian Eno)
1978 - After The Heat (with Brian Eno)
1979 - Grosses Wasser
1980 - Live In Vienna (with Joshi Farnbauer)
1981 - Curiosum
1991 - Apropos Cluster
1995 - One Hour
1997 - Japan 1996 Live
1997 - First Encounter Tour 1996
Pink Floyd 1971 - Meddle
Tangerine Dream 1971 - Alpha Centauri
1972 - Zeit
1974 - Phaedra
1975 - Rubycon
1975 - Ricochet
1976 - Stratosfear

2000 - The Seven Letters from Tibet
Wendy Carlos 1972 - Sonic Seasonings
Klaus Schulze 1972 - Irrlicht
1973 - Cyborg
1974 - Blackdance
1975 - Timewind
1976 - Moondawn
1977 - Mirage
1977 - Body Love Vol. 2
1978 - X
1979 - Dune
1995 - In Blue
— With Pete Namlook:
1994 - Dark Side of the Moog I - Wish you were there
1994 - Dark Side of the Moog II - A saucerful of ambience
2002 - Dark Side of the Moog IX - Set the controls for the heart of the mother
2005 - Dark Side of the Moog X - Astro know me domina
Can 1973 - Future Days
1974 - Soon Over Babaluma
Gong 1973 - Flying Teapot for "The Octave Doctors and the Crystal Machine"
1974 - You for "A Sprinkling of Clouds"
Fripp & Brian Eno 1973 - No Pussyfooting
1975 - Evening Star
2005 - The Equatorial Stars
Kraftwerk 1975 - Radio-Activity
Harmonia 1974 - Musik Von Harmonia
1997 - Tracks and Traces
Neu! 1975 - Neu! '75
Brian Eno 1975 - Another Green World
1975 - Discreet Music
1978 - Ambient 1 / Music For Airports
1980 - Fourth World 1 / Possible Musics (with Jon Hassell)
1982 - Ambient 4 / On Land
1983 - Apollo: Atmospheres and Soundtracks
1985 - Thursday Afternoon
Steve Reich 1976-1978 - Music for 18 Musicians
Jean Michel Jarre 1976 - Oxygene
1978 - Equinoxe
1990 - Waiting for Cousteau
Chuck Hammer 1977 - Guitarchitecture
Michael Stearns 1978 - Ancient Leaves
1979 - Morning Jewel
1981 - Planetary Unfolding
1984 - M'ocean
1988 - Encounter
2000 - Within
Earthstar 1978 - Salterbarty Tales
1981 - Atomkraft? Nein, Danke!
1982 - Humans Only
Robert Fripp 1981 - Let The Power Fall
1998 - The Gates Of Paradise
Robert Rich 1982 Sunyata
1983 Trances
1983 Drones
1987 Numena
1992 Soma (with Steve Roach)
1997 Fissures
2001 Somnium
Steve Roach 1984 - Structures from Silence
1988 - Quiet Music
1988 - Dreamtime Return
1993 - Origins
1994 - Artifacts
1996 - The Magnificent Void
2000 - Early Man
2003 - Mystic Chords & Sacred Spaces
Coil 1984 - How to Destroy Angels
1998 - Time Machines
Hirokazu Tanaka 1986 - Metroid
The KLF 1990 - Chill Out
Enigma 1990 - MCMXC A.D.
The Orb 1991 - The Orb's Adventures Beyond the Ultraworld
1992 - U.F.Orb
Biosphere 1992 - Microgravity
1994 - Patashnik
1995 - Novelty Waves
Aphex Twin 1992 - Selected Ambient Works 85-92
1994 - Selected Ambient Works Volume II
1995 - ...I Care Because You Do
Pete Namlook 1992 - Silence I
1993 - Air I
1994 - Air II
1996 - Outland 2 (with Bill Laswell)
1996 - The Fires of Ork (with Geir Jensen of Biosphere)
Moby aka Voodoo Child 1993 - Ambient
1996 - The End of Everything (as Voodoo Child)
2005 - Hotel:Ambient (Disc Two) (limited edition only)
Neptune Towers (Gylve Nagell aka Fenriz) 1994 - Caravans to Empire Algol
1995 - Transmissions from Empire Algol
Kenji Yamamoto 1994 - Super Metroid
Robert Leiner 1994 - Visions of the past
Global Communication 1994 - 76:14
Alpha Wave Movement 1995 - Transcendence
2000 - Drifted Into Deeper Lands
Burzum (Varg Vikernes) 1996 - Filosofem (tracks 4 to 6)
1997- Daudi Baldrs
1999 - Hlidskjalf
Future Sound of London 1994 - Lifeforms
1994 - ISDN
Richard Bone 1998 - The Spectral Ships
1999 - Ether Dome
Stars of the Lid 1999 - Avec Laudenum
2001 - The Tired Sounds of Stars of the Lid
2007 - Stars of the Lid and Their Refinement of the Decline
Marvin Ayres 1999 - Cellosphere
2002 - Neptune
Ishq 2001 - Ishq
2001 - Orchid
William Basinski 2002 - The River
2002-2003 - Disintegration Loops I, II, III and IV

The following is a list of notable musicians who compose or have composed ambient music: Philip Aaberg Abandoned toys William Ackerman Acoustic Alchemy Act Noir Adiemus Aeoliah Aphex Twin Aes Dana Aidan Baker Air Airiel Ambeon Amp Ananta Anomalous Disturbances Anugama David Arkenstone Diane Arkenstone Ash Ra Tempel James Asher... Selfportrait of Erik Satie. ... Furniture music, or in French musique d’ameublement (sometimes more literally translated as furnishing music), is background music originally played by live performers. ... Furniture music, or in French musique d’ameublement (sometimes more literally translated as furnishing music), is background music originally played by live performers. ... Furniture music, or in French musique d’ameublement (sometimes more literally translated as furnishing music), is background music originally played by live performers. ... Edgard Victor Achille Charles Varèse (December 22, 1883 – November 6, 1965) was a French-born composer. ... Pierre Henri Marie Schaeffer (August 14, 1910–August 19, 1995) was a French composer, noted as the inventor of musique concrète. ... Terry Riley – (Portrait by Betty Freeman) Terry Riley (born 24 June 1935) is an American composer associated with the minimalist school. ... In C is an aleatoric musical piece composed by Terry Riley in 1964 for any number of people, although a group of about 35 is desired if possible but smaller or larger groups will work[1]. As its title suggests, it is in the key of C. It is a... A Rainbow in Curved Air is a debut album by experimental music pioneer Terry Riley. ... Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991) was an American jazz musician, widely considered to be one of the most influential of the 20th century. ... In a Silent Way is a 1969 album by jazz trumpeter Miles Davis. ... Big Fun is a double album recorded between 1969 and 1972 by Miles Davis. ... Get Up With It is an album collecting tracks recorded between 1970 and 1974 by Miles Davis. ... Popol Vuh is a German cosmic music band founded by pianist and keyboardist Florian Fricke in 1970 together with Holger Trulzsch (percussion) and Frank Fiedler (electronics). ... Cluster is a German krautrock musical group who influenced the development of new age music and ambient music. ... Look up cluster in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Cluster II is the second full-length album by German electronic music outfit Cluster and their first album with the band reduced to a duo. ... Zuckerzeit is the third full-length album by German electronic music outfit Cluster. ... Sowiesoso is the fourth full-length album by German electronic music outfit Cluster. ... Cluster & Eno (1977) is a collaborative album by the German electronic music group Cluster and British ambient musician Brian Eno. ... After the Heat is a 1978 album by Brian Eno and the members of Cluster, Dieter Moebius and Hans-Joachim Roedelius. ... Grosses Wasser is a 1979 album by Cluster. ... Live in Vienna is the first live album of the German rock band Böhse Onkelz. ... Curiosum is the ninth album by the electronic music outfit Cluster. ... Apropos Clister is the ninth full-length album by German electronic music outfit Cluster It was also their first album after an eight year long hiatus. ... One Hour is the eleventh full-length album by German electronic music outfit Cluster. ... Japan 1996 Live is the eleventh full-length album by German electronic music outfit Cluster. ... First Encounter Tour 1996 is the thirteenth full-length album by German electronic music outfit Cluster. ... Pink Floyd are an English rock band that initially earned recognition for their psychedelic rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music. ... Alternate cover U.S./Canadian releases cover Meddle is an album by English progressive rock band Pink Floyd. ... Tangerine Dream is a German electronic music group founded in 1967 by Edgar Froese. ... Alternate cover 1986 reissue Alpha Centauri (1971) is an album by the German electronic music group Tangerine Dream. ... 1996 reissue Zeit (meaning time in German) is a 1972 album by the German electronic music group Tangerine Dream. ... Phaedra (1974) is an album by the German electronic music group Tangerine Dream. ... Rubycon is an album released in 1975 by German electronic music group Tangerine Dream. ... Ricochet was the first live-based album released by German electronic music group Tangerine Dream, made of original compositions created live. ... Stratosfear is an electronic music album released in 1976 by the German group Tangerine Dream. ... Wendy Carlos (born Walter Carlos, November 14, 1939) is an American composer and electronic musician. ... Sonic Seasonings is the third album by synthesizer pioneer Wendy Carlos, which was released in 1972. ... Klaus Schulze is a German electronic music composer and musician. ... Blackdance is the third album by Klaus Schulze. ... Timewind is the fifth album by Klaus Schulze. ... Moondawn is the sixth album by Klaus Schulze. ... X Released in 1978, X is Klaus Schulze tenth solo studio release. ... Pete Namlook (born Peter Kuhlmann /ˈpʰei. ... Can was a musical group formed in West Germany in 1968. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Soon Over Babaluma is a 1974 album by the rock music group Can. ... Gong is a progressive/psychedelic rock band formed by Australian musician Daevid Allen. ... Robert Fripp (born 16 May 1946 in Wimborne Minster, Dorset, England) is a guitarist, record producer and a composer, perhaps best known for being the guitarist for, and only constant member of, the progressive rock band King Crimson. ... Robert Fripp chronology Brian Eno chronology Fripp & Eno (No Pussyfooting) is a 1973 (see 1973 in music) album by the British musicians Robert Fripp and Brian Eno. ... Evening Star (1975) is an album by the British ambient musicians Robert Fripp and Brian Eno. ... The Equatorial Stars is a 2004 album by British ambient musicians Robert Fripp and Brian Eno. ... Kraftwerk (pronounced [], German for power station) is a German musical group from Düsseldorf that has made immense contributions to the development of improvisational rock and electronic music, most notably within the latter categorys sub-genres which later became known as synthpop, electro, techno, house and IDM. Early musical... Radio-Activity is a 1975 album by Kraftwerk. ... Harmonia is a Krautrock supergroup from Germany. ... Musik Von Harmonia is the debut album from the highly influential Krautrock/Kosmische Musik group Harmonia. ... Tracks and Traces is the one and only album credited to Harmonia 76, but it is generally regarded as the third album by the highly influential Krautrock/Kosmische Musik group Harmonia. ... Neu! (the German word for new, pronounced noy) were a German band, probably the archetypal example of what the UK music press at the time dubbed Krautrock. ... Neu! 75 is an album by Krautrock band Neu!. It was recorded and mixed at Conny Planks studio between December 1974 and January 1975. ... Brian Eno (pronounced IPA: ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ... Another Green World is an album by experimental musician Brian Eno, released in November 1975 (see 1975 in music). ... Virgin release Discreet Music (1975) is an album by the British ambient musician Brian Eno. ... Ambient 1/Music for Airports (1978) is one of Brian Enos first ambient albums. ... Fourth World, Vol. ... Not to be confused with The Libertiness bassist John Hassall Jon Hassell (born March 22, 1937, Memphis, Tennessee) is an American musician and trumpet player. ... Ambient 4/On Land (released April 1982) is an album by the British ambient musician Brian Eno. ... Apollo: Atmospheres and Soundtracks (1983) is an album by the British ambient musician Brian Eno. ... Thursday Afternoon is a 1985 album by the British ambient musician Brian Eno consisting of one 61-minute song of the same name. ... Stephen Michael Reich (born October 3, 1936) is an American composer. ... Music for 18 Musicians is a seminal work of musical minimalism composed by Steve Reich during 1974-1976. ... Jean-Michel André Jarre (born August 24, 1948 in Lyon, France) is a French composer, performer and music producer. ... Oxygene is an album of instrumental electronic music composed and produced by Jean Michel Jarre, and released in 1976 (see 1976 in music) on Disques Dreyfus, licensed to Polydor. ... Equinoxe was the second major-label album release by Jean-Michel Jarre, released in 1978 on Disques Dreyfus, licensed to Polydor. ... Waiting for Cousteau (French title: En attendant Cousteau) is an album by Jean-Michel Jarre, released in 1990 on Disques Dreyfus, licensed to Polydor. ... Chuck Hammer, a guitarist, guitar synthesist, and digital film composer recorded work with Lou Reed and David Bowie. ... Guitarchitecture: textured layers, multi tracked guitar events. ... Michael Stearns (born in 1948), is a pioneering American ambient musician, and a film composer. ... Planetary Unfolding is an album of electronic ambient music by the american musician Michael Stearns. ... Mocean is an album of electronic ambient music by the american musician Michael Stearns. ... Encounter is an album by Michael Stearns, released in 1988. ... Earthstar was an electronic music group originally from Utica, New York, in the United States. ... Atomkraft? Nein, Danke! is the third full-length album by the American electronic band Earthstar. ... Humans Only is the fourth full-length album by the American electronic band Earthstar. ... Robert Fripp (born 16 May 1946 in Wimborne Minster, Dorset, England) is a guitarist, record producer and a composer, perhaps best known for being the guitarist for, and only constant member of, the progressive rock band King Crimson. ... There are several entries for people with the name Robert Rich: There is an ambient musician by the name Robert Rich Robert Rich is a pen name used by American screenwriter and novelist Dalton Trumbo Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick was a British naval officer and politician. ... 2000 re-release Original release Sunyata (1982) is the debut album by the American ambient musician Robert Rich. ... Trances (1983) is the second album by the American ambient musician Robert Rich. ... Drones (1983) is an album by the American ambient musician Robert Rich. ... Numena (1987) is an album by the American ambient musician Robert Rich. ... Soma (1992) is the second collaborative album by the American ambient musicians Steve Roach and Robert Rich. ... Steve Roach (born 1955 in La Mesa, California) is a pioneering American ambient musician, composer and performer. ... Fissures (1997) is a collaborative album by ambient musicians Robert Rich and Alio Die (Stefano Musso). ... Steve Roach (born 1955 in La Mesa, California) is a pioneering American ambient musician, composer and performer. ... original 1984 release 2001 rerelease Structures from Silence (1984) is the third album by the American ambient musician Steve Roach. ... cover of Quiet Music (1988) and Quiet Music: Complete Edition (1999) Quiet Music 1 Quiet Music 2 Quiet Music 3 Quiet Music is an album by the American ambient musician Steve Roach which was recorded between the years 1983 and 1986. ... original 1988 release 1998 rerelease Dreamtime Return (1988) is a double album, based on Australian Aboriginal culture and the concept of the Dreamtime, by the American ambient musician Steve Roach. ... Origins (1993) is a tribal ambient album by the American artist Steve Roach. ... Artifacts (1994) is a tribal ambient album by the American artist Steve Roach. ... The Magnificent Void (1996) is an album by the American ambient musician Steve Roach. ... Alternate cover 2001 reissue. ... Mystic Chords & Sacred Spaces (2003) is a four disc album by the American ambient musician Steve Roach. ... Coil was an English cross-genre, experimental music group formed in 1982 by John Balance—later credited as Jhonn Balance—and his lover Peter Christopherson, aka Sleazy.[1] The duo worked together on a series of releases before Balance chose the name Coil, which he claimed to be inspired by... How to Destroy Angels was the first produced album by Coil as a collective of John Balance and Peter Christopherson. ... Time Machines is Coils landmark drone music album, released under the alias Time Machines. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the first game in the series. ... KLF redirects here. ... For other uses, see chill out (disambiguation). ... Enigma is an innovative electronic musical project founded by Michael Cretu, David Fairstein and Frank Peterson in 1990. ... MCMXC a. ... The Orb are an English electronic music group known for popularising chill out music in the 1990s and spawning the genre of ambient house. ... Deluxe Edition Cover of a 2003 reissued 3-CD deluxe edition The Orbs Adventures Beyond the Ultraworld is a seminal 1991 ambient house concept album by the electronic music collective The Orb. ... U.F.Orb is an ambient house album by The Orb. ... Biosphere, the recording name of Geir Jenssen, is a Norwegian musician who has released a large catalogue of ambient electronic music. ... Microgravity is the debut album by Biosphere, released in 1992. ... Patashnik is an album by ambient musician Biosphere which was released in 1994. ... Aphex Twin (born Richard David James on August 18, 1971 in Limerick, Ireland) is a Cornish electronic music artist, credited with pushing forward the genres of techno, ambient, acid and drum and bass. ... Selected Ambient Works 85-92 (often abbreviated to SAW85-92) is an ambient techno album by Richard D. James, better known by his pseudonym of Aphex Twin. ... Selected Ambient Works Volume II (SAW2), released in 1994, is an ambient double album by Richard D. James under his Aphex Twin moniker. ... ...I Care Because You Do is an ambient-techno album by Richard D. James, under the pseudonym of Aphex Twin. ... Pete Namlook (born Peter Kuhlmann /ˈpʰei. ... Bill Laswell (born February 12, 1955 in Salem, Illinois and raised in Albion, Michigan) is an American bassist, producer and record label owner. ... Not to be confused with Mooby. ... Ambient is an album by the artist Moby. ... The End of Everything is a 1996 electronic music written, produced, and performed by Richard Hall (better known as Moby), released under the pseudonym Voodoo Child. ... Hotel is an album by the musician Moby, first released internationally on March 14, 2005 and then on March 22, 2005 in the United States. ... Fenriz Neptune Towers is a Avantgarde Astral Alien Synth side-project formed in 1993 by Fenriz of Darkthrone. ... Fenriz (born Leif Nagell on November 28, 1971), later changed to Gylve Fenris Nagell, is best known as the drummer and lyricist for the two-piece Norwegian black metal band Darkthrone. ... Caravans To Empire Algol is the first album by the ambient project Neptune Towers. ... Transmissions From Empire Algol is the second album by the ambient project Neptune Towers. ... Kenji Yamamoto is a Japanese video game musician working for Nintendo. ... “Metroid 3” redirects here. ... Global Communication is an electronic music act, comprised of Tom Middleton and Mark Pritchard, that produces ambient and house music. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Burzum began in 1991 as a prominent and influential Norwegian black metal act by Varg Vikernes (born Kristian Vikernes). ... Filosofem, the last Burzum album recorded before Varg Vikernes imprisonment, came out under Misanthropy Records in early 1996. ... Alternate covers Image:Burzum DaudiBaldrs. ... In Norse mythology, Hlidskjalf (also spelt Hlidhskjalf) is Odins throne where none may sit save Odin himself and his wife Frigg. ... Future Sound of London (often abbreviated to FSOL) is a British electronic music band, the duo of Garry Cobain and Brian Dougans. ... Lifeforms is a 1994 double album by experimental electronic music group The Future Sound of London. ... ISDN is a music album by experimental electronic artists Future Sound of London which was released in 1995. ... RICHARD BONE (born February 3, 1952 - Atlanta, GA) has been creating music for over twenty-five years. ... Stars of the Lid is a band specializing in drone-based ambient music. ... Marvin Ayres is a composer, cellist, pianist and violinist. ... Ishq (Arabic: عشق) is an Arabic word which literally means love (with no lust). ... William Basinski (born 1958 in Houston, Texas) is an American composer, clarinetist, saxophonist, and sound & video artist. ...

Notable films incorporating ambient music or sound design

Film Director Composer or Sound Designer Comments
1956 - Forbidden Planet Fred Wilcox Louis and Bebe Barron (electronic tonalities) This soundtrack definitely was ahead of its time with its spacey ambient sounds
1968 - 2001: A Space Odyssey Stanley Kubrick György Ligeti (composer "Monolith" and "Beyond Saturn" themes)
Winston Ryder (sound editor)
"A cutting edge ambient, multimedia accomplishment...the ambient revolution, now and for the past couple of decades, owes much of its impetus to the achievement of 2001." — D.B. Spalding [2]
1971 - THX 1138 George Lucas Lalo Schifrin (composer)
Walter Murch (sound design)
Murch's "Theater of Noise" offered as alternate soundtrack on Director's Cut DVD
1972 - Aguirre, der Zorn Gottes Werner Herzog Popol Vuh (composer)
1976 - Sebastiane Derek Jarman Brian Eno (composer)
1977 - Eraserhead David Lynch Alan Splet (sound design) Features innovative ambient noise sound design in place of musical score.
1977 - Sorcerer William Friedkin Tangerine Dream (Composer)
1980 - The Elephant Man David Lynch Alan Splet (sound design)
1986 - The Hitcher Robert Harmon Mark Isham (composer)
1989 - For All Mankind Al Reinert Brian Eno (composer) Score released as Apollo: Atmospheres and Soundtracks
1997 - Insomnia Erik Skjoldbjærg Biosphere (composer)
2001 - Donnie Darko Richard Kelly Michael Andrews (composer)
2001 - Traffic Steven Soderbergh Cliff Martinez (composer)
Brian Eno (composer- end title theme)
End title them is "An Ending (Ascent)" from Apollo: Atmospheres and Soundtracks
2002 - Solaris Steven Soderbergh Cliff Martinez (composer)
2005 - Me and You and Everyone We Know Miranda July Michael Andrews (composer)
2006 - The Prestige (film) Christopher Nolan David Julyan (composer)
2007 - 30 Days of Night (film) David Slade Brian Reitzell (composer)

This article is about the 1956 film. ... Fred Wilcox (December 22, 1907 – September 23, 1964) was an American motion picture director. ... Louis (1920-1989) and Bebe Barron (b. ... Kubrick redirects here. ... “Ligeti” redirects here. ... THX 1138 was George Lucas first full length movie. ... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... Lalo Schifrin Lalo Schifrin (born on June 21, 1932) is an Argentine Jewish pianist and composer, most famous for composing the burning-fuse theme tune from the Mission:Impossible television series. ... Walter Murch speaking 13 March 2005 Walter Scott Murch (born July 12, 1943) is an Academy Award–winning film editor/sound mixer. ... Aguirre, the Wrath of God (German: Aguirre, der Zorn Gottes) is a 1972 German film written and directed by Werner Herzog. ... Werner Herzog (born Werner Stipetić on September 5, 1942) is a critically and internationally acclaimed German film director, screenwriter, actor, and opera director. ... Popol Vuh is a German cosmic music band founded by pianist and keyboardist Florian Fricke in 1970 together with Holger Trulzsch (percussion) and Frank Fiedler (electronics). ... Sebastiane is a controversial 1976 film written and directed by Derek Jarman and Paul Humfress. ... Derek Jarman Derek Jarman (January 31, 1942 – February 19, 1994) was an English film director, stage designer, artist, and writer. ... Brian Eno (pronounced IPA: ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ... Eraserhead (released in France as The Labyrinth Man) is a 1977 surrealist-horror film written and directed by David Lynch. ... For other persons named David Lynch, see David Lynch (disambiguation). ... Alan Splet (1939–1995) was an oscar winning sound designer and sound editor. ... In telecommunications, ambient noise level or room noise level is the level of acoustic noise existing at a given location, such as in a room, in a compartment, or at a place out of doors. ... William Friedkin (born August 29, 1935 in Chicago, Illinois) is an Academy Award-winning American movie and television director, producer and screenwriter best known for directing The Exorcist and The French Connection in the early 1970s. ... Tangerine Dream is a German electronic music group founded in 1967 by Edgar Froese. ... Joseph Merrick, sometimes called John Merrick, known as The Elephant Man. ... For other persons named David Lynch, see David Lynch (disambiguation). ... Alan Splet (1939–1995) was an oscar winning sound designer and sound editor. ... For the episode of The Mighty Boosh, see Hitcher. ... = == = Robert Harmon, born may 11 1981 monrovia, Liberia. ... Mark Isham (b. ... For All Mankind is a 1989 documentary film documenting the Apollo missions of NASA. It was directed by Al Reinert. ... Brian Eno (pronounced IPA: ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ... Apollo: Atmospheres and Soundtracks (1983) is an album by the British ambient musician Brian Eno. ... Insomnia is the name of two movies – a Norwegian original and an American remake – about a police officer investigating a murder above the Arctic Circle during the summer with the midnight sun. ... Erik Skjoldbjærg is a Norwegian director best known for directing the films Insomnia and Prozac Nation He was born on December 14, 1964 in Tromsø, Norway Erik Skjoldbjærg at the Internet Movie Database Categories: | | | ... Biosphere, the recording name of Geir Jenssen, is a Norwegian musician who has released a large catalogue of ambient electronic music. ... For the fictional character, see Donald Darko. ... Richard Kelly - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Michael Andrews is a San Diego musician and film score composer. ... Traffic is an award-winning 2000 crime/drama film directed by Steven Soderbergh. ... Steven Andrew Soderbergh (born January 14, 1963 in Atlanta, Georgia) is an American film producer, screenwriter, cinematographer, editor, and Oscar-winning director. ... Cliff Martinez (born February 5, 1954) is an American film score composer and former drummer for Captain Beefheart and the Red Hot Chili Peppers (1982-1985). ... Brian Eno (pronounced IPA: ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ... Apollo: Atmospheres and Soundtracks (1983) is an album by the British ambient musician Brian Eno. ... Solaris is a 2002 film directed by Steven Soderbergh, and stars George Clooney. ... Steven Andrew Soderbergh (born January 14, 1963 in Atlanta, Georgia) is an American film producer, screenwriter, cinematographer, editor, and Oscar-winning director. ... Cliff Martinez (born February 5, 1954) is an American film score composer and former drummer for Captain Beefheart and the Red Hot Chili Peppers (1982-1985). ... Me and You and Everyone We Know is the debut feature-length film by Miranda July. ... Miranda July Miranda July (born February 1, 1974) is a performance artist, musician, writer, and film director. ... Michael Andrews is a San Diego musician and film score composer. ... The Prestige is a 2006 period film directed by Christopher Nolan, with a screenplay adapted from the 1995 World Fantasy Award-winning novel of the same name by Christopher Priest. ... Christopher Nolan (born July 30, 1970) is an Academy Award nominated film director, writer and producer. ... David Julyan is a musician who composed the score to the film Memento. ... 30 Days of Night is a 2007 horror film based on the comic book miniseries of the same name. ... David Slade (born September 26, 1969) is a British film director who began his career making music videos. ...

Notable ambient music shows on radio and via satellite

  • Echoes, is a daily two-hour music radio program hosted by John Diliberto featuring a soundscape of ambient, spacemusic, electronica, new acoustic and new music directions - founded in 1989 and syndicated on 130 radio stations in the USA.
  • Hearts of Space, a programme hosted by Stephen Hill and broadcast on NPR in the US since 1973.[20][21]
  • Musical Starstreams, a US-based commercial radio station and internet program produced, programmed and hosted by Forest since 1981.
  • Star's End a radio show on 88.5 WXPN, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Founded in 1976, it is the second longest-running ambient music radio show in the world.[22]
  • Ultima Thule Ambient Music, a weekly 90-minute show broadcast on community radio in Sydney, Adelaide and Canberra since 1989.

Echoes is a daily two-hour music radio program hosted by John Diliberto and distributed by Public Radio International in the United States. ... Hearts of Space is a popular radio show featuring space music, a term that the program helped to popularize. ... NPR logo For other meanings of NPR see NPR (disambiguation) National Public Radio (NPR) is a private, not-for-profit corporation that sells programming to member radio stations; together they are a loosely organized public radio network in the United States. ... Musical Starstreams (aka Starstreams) is a commercial radio broadcast first aired in the San Francisco bay area in 1981. ... In Isaac Asimovs The Foundation Series of science fiction novels, Stars End is the location of the Second Foundation. ... WXPN (88. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... Ultima Thule Ambient Music is a long-running, specialist ambient music radio show which has been broadcast on Australian community radio for the last 18 years. ...

See also

Although background music was by the end of the 20th Century generally identified with Muzak or elevator music, there are several stages in the development of this concept: // In the Baroque and Classical music era music could be performed as a background to other activities, for instance: French kings of... Incidental music is music in a play, television program, radio program or some other form not primarily musical. ... The following is a list of notable musicians who compose or have composed ambient music: Philip Aaberg Abandoned toys William Ackerman Acoustic Alchemy Act Noir Adiemus Aeoliah Aphex Twin Aes Dana Aidan Baker Air Airiel Ambeon Amp Ananta Anomalous Disturbances Anugama David Arkenstone Diane Arkenstone Ash Ra Tempel James Asher... The following is a list of notable artists who compose, or have composed dark ambient music. ... This is a list of electronic music genres and sub-genres, though for the latter, not all possess their own article (in which case, see the main genre article). ... Black Ambient is a musickal forma and direction that is at oft times most difficult to define, a job made harder by those that would profess to be a part of this particular milieu associated by the sparsest of characteristics. ... Drone music, also known as drone-based music, drone ambient or ambient drone, dronescape or dronology, and sometimes simply as drone, is a musical style that emphasizes the use of sustained sounds, notes, or tones-clusters – called drones. ... Intelligent dance music (commonly IDM) is a genre of electronic music derived from dance music of the 1980s and early 1990s which puts an emphasis on novel processing and sequencing. ... Glitch (also known as Clicks and Cuts from a representative compilation series by the German record label Mille Plateaux) is a genre of electronic music that became popular in the late 1990s with the increasing use of digital signal processing, particularly on computers. ...

External links

References

  1. ^ Ambient Music, Beginnings and Implications, by Chris Melchior. Hyperreal.org.
  2. ^ Ambient Music Definition. Deepintense.com.
  3. ^ History of Ambient. Ambient Music Guide.
  4. ^ Cook, Nicholas; Anthony Pople (2004). The Cambridge History of Twentieth-Century Music. Cambridge University Press, p502. ISBN 0521662567. 
  5. ^ a b Jarrett, Michael (1998). Sound Tracks: A Musical ABC, Volumes 1-3. Temple University Press, p1973. ISBN 1566396417. 
  6. ^ a b Tingen, Paul (2001). Miles Beyond: The Electric Explorations of Miles Davis, 1967-1991. Watson-Guptill, p54. ISBN 0823083462. 
  7. ^ "Ambient House", All Music Guide (Retrieved October 4, 2006).
  8. ^ "... Originally a 1970s reference to the conjunction of ambient electronics and our expanding visions of cosmic space ... In fact, almost any music with a slow pace and space-creating sound images could be called spacemusic." Stephen Hill, co-founder, Hearts of Space, What is spacemusic?
  9. ^ "Any music with a generally slow, relaxing pace and space-creating imagery or atmospherics may be considered Space Music, without conventional rhythmic elements, while drawing from any number of traditional, ethnic, or modern styles." Lloyde Barde, July/August 2004, Making Sense of the Last 20 Years in New Music
  10. ^ "When you listen to space and ambient music you are connecting with a tradition of contemplative sound experience whose roots are ancient and diverse. The genre spans historical, ethnic, and contemporary styles. In fact, almost any music with a slow pace and space-creating sound images could be called spacemusic." Stephen Hill, co-founder, Hearts of Space, What is spacemusic?
  11. ^ "A timeless experience...as ancient as the echoes of a simple bamboo flute or as contemporary as the latest ambient electronica. Any music with a generally slow pace and space-creating sound image can be called spacemusic. Generally quiet, consonant, ethereal, often without conventional rhythmic and dynamic contrasts, spacemusic is found within many historical, ethnic, and contemporary genres."Stephen Hill, co-founder, Hearts of Space, sidebar "What is Spacemusic?" in essay Contemplative Music, Broadly Defined
  12. ^ "The early innovators in electronic "space music" were mostly located around Berlin. The term has come to refer to music in the style of the early and mid 1970s works of Klaus Schulze, Tangerine Dream, Ash Ra Tempel, Popol Vuh and others in that scene. The music is characterized by long compositions, looping sequencer patterns, and improvised lead melody lines." - John Dilaberto, Berlin School, Echoes Radio on-line music glossary
  13. ^ "This music is experienced primarily as a continuum of spatial imagery and emotion, rather than as thematic musical relationships, compositional ideas, or performance values." Essay by Stephen Hill, co-founder, Hearts of Space, New Age Music Made Simple
  14. ^ "Innerspace, Meditative, and Transcendental... This music promotes a psychological movement inward." Stephen Hill, co-founder, Hearts of Space, essay titled New Age Music Made Simple
  15. ^ "...Spacemusic ... conjures up either outer "space" or "inner space" " - Lloyd Barde, founder of Backroads Music Notes on Ambient Music, Hyperreal Music Archive
  16. ^ "Space And Travel Music: Celestial, Cosmic, & Terrestrial... This New Age sub-category has the effect of outward psychological expansion. Celestial or cosmic music removes listeners from their ordinary acoustical surroundings by creating stereo sound images of vast, virtually dimensionless spatial environments. In a word — spacey. Rhythmic or tonal movements animate the experience of flying, floating, cruising, gliding, or hovering within the auditory space."Stephen Hill, co-founder, Hearts of Space, in an essay titled New Age Music Made Simple
  17. ^ " Restorative powers are often claimed for it, and at its best it can create an effective environment to balance some of the stress, noise, and complexity of everyday life." -- Stephen Hill, Founder, Music from the Hearts of Space What is Spacemusic?
  18. ^ "This was the soundtrack for countless planetarium shows, on massage tables, and as soundtracks to many videos and movies."- Lloyd Barde Notes on Ambient Music, Hyperreal Music Archive
  19. ^ Reynolds, Simon; Chill: the new ambient, ArtForum, Jan, 1995
  20. ^ "The program has defined its own niche — a mix of ambient, electronic, world, new age, classical and experimental music....Slow-paced, space-creating music from many cultures — ancient bell meditations, classical adagios, creative space jazz, and the latest electronic and acoustic ambient music are woven into a seamless sequence unified by sound, emotion, and spatial imagery." Stephen Hill, co-founder, Hearts of Space, essay titled Contemplative Music, Broadly Defined
  21. ^ "Hill's Hearts of Space Web site provides streaming access to an archive of hundreds of hours of spacemusic artfully blended into one-hour programs combining ambient, electronic, world, New Age and classical music." Steve Sande, The Sky's the Limit with Ambient Music, SF Chronicle, Sunday, January 11, 2004
  22. ^ "STAR'S END is (with the exception of "Music from the Hearts of Space") the longest running radio program of ambient music in the world. Since 1976, STAR'S END has been providing the Philadelphia broadcast area with music to sleep and dream to." Star's End website background information page
The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ambient house, a mix between house music and ambient music is a music style that describes itself as dreamy, chill out and quiet music. ... Dark ambient is a subgenre of ambient music which emerged in the 1980s and 1990s with the introduction of new synthesizer and sampling technology in the electronic music genre and other technical advances in music. ... Drone music, also known as drone-based music, drone ambient or ambient drone, dronescape or dronology, and sometimes simply as drone, is a musical style that emphasizes the use of sustained sounds, notes, or tones-clusters – called drones. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Originally coined by minimal artist Steve Roden, lowercase is an extreme form of ambient minimalism in which very quiet sounds bookend long stretches of silence. ... New Age music is a style of music originally associated with some New Age beliefs. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Electronic dance music (EDM) is a broad set of percussive music genres that largely inherit from 1970s disco music and, to some extent, the experimental pop music of Kraftwerk. ... This is a list of electronic music genres and sub-genres, though for the latter, not all possess their own article (in which case, see the main genre article). ... This article is about breakbeat, the electronic dance music genre. ... Drum and bass (commonly abbreviated to d&b, DnB, dnb, dnb, drum n bass and drum & bass) is a type of electronic dance music also known as jungle. ... Electro, short for electro funk (also known as robot hip hop and Electro hop) is an electronic style of hip hop directly influenced by Kraftwerk and funk records (unlike earlier rap records which were closer to disco). ... Hardcore (sometimes ardcore) is a term that has been used to describe a variety of related electronic dance music styles over almost two decades. ... House music is a style of electronic dance music that was developed by dance club DJs in Chicago in the early to mid-1980s. ... Synthpop is a subgenre of New Wave in which the synthesizer is the dominant musical instrument. ... For the comic book character previously known as Techno, see Fixer (comics). ... Trance is a style of electronic music that developed in the 1990s. ... Trip hop (also known as the Bristol sound) is a term coined by United Kingdom dance magazine Mixmag, to describe a musical trend in the mid-1990s; trip hop is downtempo electronic music that grew out of Englands hip hop and house scenes. ... UK garage (also known as UKG or just garage) refers to several different varieties of modern electronic dance music generally connected to the evolution of house in the United Kingdom in the mid 1990s. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
pureambient...seventeen: the ambient music page. quiet, peaceful, relaxing...true ambient music...site index (183 words)
creating and performing ambient music is what happened here at the ambient music page...
after more than ten years of supporting and encouraging ambient music and musicians with various backgrounds, styles, sounds and activities, pureambient.com now brings, to a hopefully graceful close, it's period of active duty.
...a particular vision of ambient music from 1995 - 2005...pure, simple and hopefully, sometimes, beautiful.
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