FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Amber Road

The Amber Road (in Lithuanian: Gintaro kelias; Polish: Szlak Bursztynowy, Jantarowy Szlak; in German: Bernsteinstraße; in Hungarian: Borostyán út, in Russian: Янтарный путь) was an ancient trade route for the transfer of amber. As one of the waterways and ancient highways, for centuries the road led from Europe to Asia and back, and from northern Europe to the Mediterranean. A trade route is the sequence of pathways and stopping places used for the commercial transport of cargo. ... Amber pendants. ... Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europes borders. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ...


A vital component of ornamental objects, amber was transported from the North Sea and Baltic Sea coasts overland by way of the Vistula and Dnieper rivers to Italy, Greece, the Black Sea, and Egypt long before the birth of Jesus, and long after. Amber pendants. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ... The Vistula (Polish: Wisła) is the longest river in Poland. ... The Dnieper River (also: Dnepr, Dniapro, or Dnipro) is a river (2,290 km length) which flows from Russia through Belarus and then Ukraine. ... Map of the Black Sea. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ...


In Roman times, a main route ran south from the Baltic coast in Prussia through the land of the Boii (modern Bohemia) to the head of the Adriatic Sea. The Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun had Baltic amber among his burial goods, and amber was sent from the North Sea to the temple of Apollo at Delphi as an offering. From the Black Sea, trade could continue to Asia along the Silk Road, another ancient trade route. For other senses of this name, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 Prussia (German: ; Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Lithuanian: ; Old Prussian: Prūsa; Polish: ) was, most recently, a historic state originating in East Prussia, an area which for centuries had a substantial influence on German and European history. ... A map of Gaul showing the relative position of the Boii tribe. ... Bohemia. ... A satellite image of the Adriatic Sea. ... A portrait of the young Tutankhamun by Winifred Brunton. ... Statue of Apollo at the British Museum. ... The theatre, seen from above Delphi (Greek Δελφοί — Delphoi) is an archaeological site and a modern town in Greece. ... Map of the Black Sea. ... For other uses, see Silk Road (disambiguation). ...


The Prussian town of Truso on the Baltic, was one of the main trading places; Truso was near the town of Elbląg, near lake Druzno, in the Masurian lake district. The Prussians kill Adalbert The Prussian people, or (old) Prussians, inhabited the area around the Curonian and Vistula Lagoons, (in what is now northern Poland), in the region roughly occupied by the Mazurian Lakes. ... Motto: none Voivodship Warmia-Masuria Municipal government Rada Miejska w Elblągu Mayor Henryk Słonina Area 83,32 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 130. ... Motto: none Voivodship Warmia-Masuria Municipal government Rada Miejska w Elblągu Mayor Henryk Słonina Area 83,32 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 130. ... Drużno Lake is a lake in northern Poland near Elblag city. ... Masurian is a dialect of Polish from Masovia and Masuria. ...


In Scandinavia the amber road probably gave rise to the thriving Nordic Bronze Age culture, bringing influences from the Mediterranean Sea to the northernmost countries of Europe. Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe named after the Scandinavian Peninsula. ... Map of the Nordic Bronze Age culture, ca 1200 BC The Nordic Bronze Age (also Northern Bronze Age) is the name given by Oscar Montelius (1843-1921) to a period and a Bronze Age culture in Scandinavian pre-history, ca 1800 BC - 600 BC, with sites that reached as far...

Contents


Overview of known amber roads by country

Central Europe

The shortest (and possibly oldest) road avoids alpine areas and led from the Baltic coastline (Estland) through Poland, passed the Moravian Gate in Czech Republik, followed the river Morava to Austria, crossed the Danube near Carnuntum, heading southwards down to Aquileia at the Adriatic coast. For the climate of the mountains named the Alps, see climate) for a region above the tree-line. ... The Czech Republic (Czech: Česká republika) is a landlocked country in Central Europe. ... There are several European rivers called Morava: Morava river, Central Europe Morava rivers, Serbia Morava is also the Czech name for Moravia, the eastern part of the Czech Republic. ... The Danube bend at Visegrád is a popular destination of tourists The Danube (ancient Danuvius) is Europes second-longest river (after the Volga). ... Heidentor (pagan gate) Carnuntum (Kapvoiis in Ptolemy) was an important Roman fortress, originally belonging to Noricum, but after the 1st century A.D. to Pannonia. ... The Adriatic Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea separating the Apennine peninsula (Italy) from the Balkan peninsula, and the system of the Apennine Mountains from that of the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges. ...


Germany

Amber Roads in Germany.
Amber Roads in Germany.

Several roads connected the North Sea (Nordsee) and East Sea (Ostsee), especially the city of Ambur (now Hamburg) to the Brenner Pass ("Burner"-pass), proceeding southwards to Brindisi (Brundisium) in Italy and Ambracia (Greece). (See map at right) Image File history File links Download high resolution version (666x826, 15 KB)The map has been drawn by the author Joannes Richter and is part of the manuscript: http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (666x826, 15 KB)The map has been drawn by the author Joannes Richter and is part of the manuscript: http://www. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ... The smaller Alster lake at dusk Hamburg (Low German: Hamborg, [haˑmbɔːχ]) is the second largest city in Germany and with Hamburg Harbour, its principal port, Hamburg is also the second largest port city in the European Union. ... The Brenner Pass (Italian Passo del Brennero) is a mountain pass that creates a link through the Tyrolean Alps along the current border between the nations of Austria and Italy, one of the principal passes of the Alps. ... Categories: Italy-related stubs | Towns in Puglia ... Brundisium (Gr. ...


Switzerland

The Swiss region indicates a number of alpine roads, concentrating around the capital city Bern (Bernstein is the German for amber) and probably originating from the borders of the Rhône River and the Rhine. Location within Switzerland The city of Bern, English traditionally Berne (Bernese German Bärn , German Bern , French Berne , Italian Berna , Romansh Berna ), is the Bundesstadt (administrative capital) of Switzerland, and is the fourth most populous Swiss city (after Zürich, Geneva and Basel). ... Starry Night Over the Rhone, by Vincent van Gogh (1888) The River Rhône (French Rhône, Occitan Ròse, Franco-Provençal Roun, standard German Rhone, Valais German Rotten) is one of the major rivers of Europe, running through Switzerland and France. ... Loreley At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (German Rhein, French Rhin, Dutch Rijn, Romansch: Rein, Italian: Reno) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ...


The Netherlands

A small section, including Baarn, Barneveld, Amersfoort and Amerongen, and connected the North Sea with the Lower Rhine.


Belgium

A small section, led southwards from Antwerp and Bruges to the towns Braine-l’Alleud and Braine-le-Comte, both originally named "Brennia-Brenna" (Latin: “Burner”). The route have continued by following the Meuse River towards Bern in Switzerland. The Cathedral of our Lady (Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal, Antwerp) in the Handschoenmarkt, in the old quarter of Antwerp is the largest cathedral in the Low Countries and home to a number of triptychs by Belgian Baroque painter Rubens. ... Sometimes referred to as the Venice of the North, Bruges has many waterways that run through the city. ... Meuse near Grave The Meuse (Dutch Maas) is a major European river, rising in France and flowing through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea. ... Location within Switzerland The city of Bern, English traditionally Berne (Bernese German Bärn , German Bern , French Berne , Italian Berna , Romansh Berna ), is the Bundesstadt (administrative capital) of Switzerland, and is the fourth most populous Swiss city (after Zürich, Geneva and Basel). ...


France

Three routes may be identified leading from a region called Brenne at the mouth of river Loire towards Bresse and Bern, crossing the Alps to Switzerland and Italy. Route fragments are beginning at Ambares (near Bordeaux), leading to Béarn and using the Pyrenees as a trading route. City motto: Lilia sola regunt lunam undas castra leonem. ... Béarn coat of arms Béarn (Gascon: Bearn or Biarn) is a former province of France, located in the Pyrenees mountains and in the plain at their feet, in southwest France. ...


External links

  • Amber Road
  • OWTRAD-scientific description of the amber road in Poland
  • Old World Traditional Trade Routes (OWTRAD) Project
  • Amber route along the river Elbe
  • Joannes Richter - "Spelling Thee, U & I - Introducing into the art of amber trading & Initiation in the great Androgyne Religion" (pdf file)
  • Joannes Richter - "Die Bernsteinroute bei Backnang" (pdf file)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Amber Road (172 words)
The Amber Road was an ancient trade route for the transfer of amber.
As one of the waterways and ancient 'highways', the road for centuries led from Europe to Asia and vice versa, and from northern Europe to the Mediterranean.
A vital component of ornamental objects, amber was transported overland on rivers from the North Sea and Baltic Sea coasts to Italy, Greece, Black Sea and Egypt long before the birth of Christ and long after.
Amber museums (1026 words)
This amber museum opened in 1963 and is housed in a former mansion of Count Feliksas Tiskevicius (built in 1897).
The use of the term "amber road" refers to the social, economic, and cultural networks that were established between northern and southern Europe, beginning in Lithuania and ending in Italy, in this page.
For good information regarding Baltic amber and amber manufacturing from Russia, visit the Kaliningrad Region State Enterprise site (physically located: 3a, Oktyabrskaya Str, 236006 Kaliningrad, Russia, Tel./fax: (0112) 34-10-95) and their links on the history of mining, modern use of amber, and religious use of amber.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m