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Encyclopedia > Ambassador
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An ambassador is a diplomatic official accredited to a foreign sovereign or government, or to an international organization, to serve as the official representative of his or her own country. In everyday usage it applies to the ranking government representative stationed in a foreign capital. The host country typically allows the ambassador control of specific territory called an embassy, whose territory, staff, and even vehicles are generally afforded diplomatic immunity in the host country. Ambassador may refer to: Ambassador, a diplomatic representative of a ruler or government of the highest formal class, or, by analogy, a high-profile but non-diplomatic representative or promotor (for a charity, the arts. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... This article is about negotiations. ... “Sovereign” redirects here. ... For the political science journal, see International Organization. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... A diplomatic mission is a group of people from one nation state present in another nation state to represent the sending state in the receiving State. ... Diplomatic immunity is a form of legal immunity and a policy held between governments, which ensures that diplomats are given safe passage and are considered not susceptible to lawsuit or prosecution under the host countrys laws (although they can be expelled). ...

Contents

Diplomats

Role

The senior diplomatic officers among members of the Commonwealth of Nations are known as High Commissioners, who are the heads of High Commissions. Representatives of the Holy See are known as Papal or Apostolic Nuncios. The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2007 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Kamalesh Sharma Appointed 24 November 2007 Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total... High Commissioner is the title of various high-ranking, special executive positions held by a commission of appointment. ... A High Commissioner is a person serving in a special executive capacity. ... Karl-Josef Rauber; Nuncio for Belgium Nuncio is an ecclesiastical diplomatic title, derived from the ancient Latin Nuntius, meaning any envoy. ...


Historically, officials representing their countries abroad were termed ministers, but this term was also applied to diplomats of the second rank. The Congress of Vienna of 1815 formalized the system of diplomatic rank under international law: The Congress of Vienna was a conference between ambassadors, from the major powers in Europe that was chaired by the Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich and held in Vienna, Austria, from November 1, 1814, to June 8, 1815. ... The system of diplomatic rank has over time been formalised on an international basis. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


Ambassadors are ministers of the highest rank, with plenipotentiary authority to represent their head of state. In modern usage, most Ambassadors on foreign postings as head of mission carry the full title of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. "Ordinary" Ambassadors and non-plenipotentiary status are rarely used, although they may be encountered in certain circumstances. The term plenipotentiary (from the Latin, plenus + potens, full + power) refers to, as a noun, a person who has, or as an adjective that confers, full powers. ... In diplomatic usage, Head of Mission is the generic term used to refer to the head of a diplomatic representation, such as an Ambassador, High Commissioner, Nuncio, Chargé daffaires, Permanent Representative, and sometimes to a Consul-General or Consul. ...


Moreover, a Resident Ambassador is one who resides within the country to which (s)he is accredited. A Non-Resident Ambassador does not reside within the country to which (s)he is accredited but lives in a nearby country. Thus, a resident ambassador to a country might at the same time also be a non-resident ambassador to one or more other countries; this may be phrased as "Ambassador to" ... "with concurrent accreditation to" another country.


Among European powers, the ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary (French ambassadeur extraordinaire et plénipotentiaire or German ausserordentlicher und bevollmächtigter Botschafter) was historically deemed the personal representative of the Sovereign, and the custom of dispatching ambassadors to the head of state rather than the government has persisted. For example, ambassadors to and from the United Kingdom are accredited to or from the Royal Court of St. James's (referring to St. James's Palace). For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The Court of St Jamess is the popular name of the royal court of the United Kingdom. ... St Jamess Palace and The Mall by Jan Kip, 1715. ...


Because 33 members of the Commonwealth of Nations have or had a common head of state, they do not exchange ambassadors, but instead have High Commissioners which represent the government, rather than the head of state. In other respects, in diplomatic usage a High Commissioner is considering an equivalent rank and role to an Ambassador. The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2007 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Kamalesh Sharma Appointed 24 November 2007 Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total... High Commissioner is the title of various high-ranking, special executive positions held by a commission of appointment. ...


Ranking below full ambassador are the rank of Envoy, Minister resident and Chargé d'affaires. They represent their government rather than their head of state. For further details, see diplomatic rank. In diplomacy, chargé daffaires (French for in charge of business), is the title of two classes of diplomatic agents: Chargés daffaires (ministres chargés daffaires), who were placed by the reglement of the Congress of Vienna in the fourth class of diplomatic agents, are heads of... The system of diplomatic rank has over time been formalised on an international basis. ...


While the title generally reflects the Ambassador's position as head of a diplomatic mission, in some countries the term may also represent a rank held by career diplomats, as a matter of internal promotion, regardless of the posting, and in many national careers it is quite common for them to be appointed to other functions, especially within the ministry/ministries in charge of foreign affairs, in some countries in systematic alteration with actual postings.


The formal form of address for an ambassador is generally the form that would be used to address a head of state: "(Your/His/Her) Excellency" followed by name and/or the country represented. In many countries, less formal variations are frequently used, such as "Ambassador" followed by name, or the name followed by "Ambassador of...". In the United States, "Mr. Ambassador" may be used.


In some countries, a former Ambassador may continue to be styled and addressed as Ambassador throughout his or her life (in the United States, "Mr. Ambassador" or equivalent terms for females may be heard). In other countries, Ambassador is a title that accrues to the individual only with respect to a specific position, and may not be used after leaving the position. Some countries do not use the term while an Ambassador is in the home country, as the individual is not an Ambassador there; for example, a Canadian Ambassador while in Canada is not generally addressed as Ambassador, although he or she may be referred to as "Canadian Ambassador to ...", that is, with reference to a specific job function; they are never addressed or styled as Ambassador after leaving a position or retiring.


Extraordinary postings

Not unlike many diplomats of the lower rank of Resident (Minister) or the usually full rank of high commissioner, or in other circumstances a Consul representative, an ambassador can in specific historical conditions be entrusted with a task that is no less administrative than diplomatic, such as representing the protector in a protectorate of the subordinate kind, e.g. posted by France in the Saar (rather a mandate territory by another name, in part of Germany) A Resident, or in full Resident Minister, is a state official of certain representative types, required to take up permanent residency abroad officially. ... For the uses of Consul as Chief Magistrate of a (city) state, see Consul. ... This article is about states protected and/or dominated by a foreign power. ... The Saar, corresponding to the current German state of Saarland, was a protectorate under French control between 1947 and 1959. ...


Lists of ambassadors

Below is a partial list of current ambassadors from Angola to other nations: Canada: Miguel Maria NZau Puna Egypt: Hendrick Vaal Neto [1] Israel: Jose Joao Manuel [2] Guinea-Bissau: Brito Sozinho Slovak Republic: Domingos Culolo [3] United Kingdom: Ana Maria Teles Carreira [4] United Nations: Ismael Abraão... Map of countries with Serbian embassies Serbia  Embassy temporary closed Map of countries that maintain embassies in Serbia  Serbia  foreign embassy or consulate The following is the list of Ambassadors from Serbia. ... Categories: | ... The following is the list of High Commissioners and ambassadors from Australia. ... ... This is a list of ambassadors from Finland. ... This is a list of ambassadors from Israel, by country or body where representation took place in parentheses: For Israeli ambassadors to the United States, see: List of Israeli ambassadors to the United States Shlomo Argov (Mexico, Netherlands, and United Kingdom) Alan Baker (Canada)[1] Naomi Ben-Ami (Ukraine)[2... This is a list of Israels ambassadors to the United States. ... This is a list of ambassadors from the United States. ... The following table lists ambassadors to the United States sorted by the country from which they hail. ... This is a list of Ambassadors and High Commissioners to and from New Zealand as of 24 July 2006. ... This is a list of Ambassadors and High Commissioners to Canada from other countries and entities (in order of seniority): From Asia Kanat Saudabayev of Kazakhstan Dato Dennis Ignatius† of Malaysia Gil Yon Pak of the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Phanthong Phommahaxay of Laos Soo Dong Kim of... The following is the list of Ambassadors and High Commissioners to the United Kingdom, or more formally, to the Court of St. ... The below is a list of the current Permanent Representatives to the United Nations, together with their country, and when their position was last confirmed. ...

Non-diplomatic ambassadorships

In a less formal sense, the word is used for high-profile non-diplomatic representative of various entities (rarely states), mainly cultural and charitable organisations, often as willing figure heads to attract media attention, e.g. film and pop stars makes appeals to the public at large for UNESCO activities (see UNESCO Goodwill Ambassadors), sometimes during press-swarmed visits in the field. UNESCO Goodwill Ambassadors are celebrity advocates of UNESCO and utilize their talent or fame to spread the UNESCO ideals. ...


In French speaking regions such as France, Wallonia or Quebec, the title of ambassadeur person. Wallonia (French: Wallonie, German: Wallonien, Walloon: Walonreye, Dutch: Wallonië) or the Walloon Region (French: Région Wallonne, Dutch: Waals Gewest) is the predominantly French-speaking region that constitutes one of the three federal regions of Belgium, with its capital at Namur. ...


See also

The system of diplomatic rank has over time been formalised on an international basis. ... A consulate (or consular office) is a form of diplomatic mission in charge of matters related to individual people and businesses, in other words issues outside inter-governmental diplomacy. ... High Commissioner is the title of various high-ranking, special executive positions held by a commission of appointment. ... Karl-Josef Rauber; Nuncio for Belgium Nuncio is an ecclesiastical diplomatic title, derived from the ancient Latin Nuntius, meaning any envoy. ...

Relevant Books

Rana, K.(2004)."The 21st Century Ambassador: Plenipotentiary to Chief Executive" DiploFoundation ISBN 99909-55-18-2


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ambassador - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (495 words)
An ambassador, rarely embassador, is a diplomatic official accredited to a foreign sovereign or government, or to an international organization, to serve as the official representative of his or her own country.
Ambassadors are ministers of the highest rank, with plenipotentiary authority to represent their head of state.
For example, ambassadors to and from the United Kingdom are accredited to or from the Royal Court of St. James's, rather than to the State.
Ambassador Hotel - Los Angeles (498 words)
In all of the discussions (save one) that I have seen regarding the demolition of the Ambassador, and whether it was the "right thing to do" or not, no one has been brave enough to say that what is being gained is not worth the monumental piece of history that is being lost.
If a parent either chooses to move into an area where the local schools have no room for their children, or chooses to have children once living in such an area, it should be their problem to work out and this should have been considered before moving to the area or before choosing to breed.
The loss of the Ambassador is a true historical tragedy, not only for the RFK aspect, but more with regard to the cultural impact of the hotel and its visitors during the first half of the 20th century.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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