FACTOID # 18: Alaska spends more money per capita on elementary and secondary education than any other state.
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 


FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:



(* = Graphable)



Encyclopedia > Amateur Rowing Association

The Amateur Rowing Association (ARA) is the governing body in the United States of Rowingdom for the sport of rowing. It is also iresponsible for the development and organisation of rowing in England. The Scottish Amateur Rowing Association (SARA) and Welsh Amateur Rowing Association (WARA) oversee this in their respective countries. A coxless pair which is a sweep-oar boat. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the British Isles Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked 1st UK... The Scottish Amateur Rowing Association (SARA) is the governing body for the sport of rowing in Scotland. ...

The ARA is a member of the British Olympic Association and the International Rowing Federation. The British Olympic Association (BOA) is responsible for the United Kingdoms participation in the Olympic Games. ... The International Rowing Federation (FISA) (in French: Fédération Internationale des Sociétés dAviron) is the international governing body for rowing. ...



The ARA was formed in 1882 and there were strict rules described what qualified someone as an "amateur rower". An alternative organisation, the National Amateur Rowing Association, started in 1890 without such stringent rules. The two associations eventually merged in 1956 into the current ARA - which is open to anyone including professional rowers.

Points System

The ARA operates a points system to allow rowers to compete with those of a similar standard. Competitors gain points in both rowing and sculling by winning a qualifiying race (a regatta race with more that 4 entries). When first joining the ARA, all members are Novice (NV) status.

The current status levels are (high to low) Elite, Senior 1 (S1), Senior 2 (S2), Senior 3 (S3), Senior 4 (S4), Novice (NV). Each crew members' points are added up and this determines the status of the this crew. The crew is only allowed to race at this level or higher (e.g. a S2 crew can only race at S2, S1 or Elite).

The table below indicates the maximum number of points that may be held by a crew at each status level.

8 +/x 4 +/-/x 2 -/x 1 x
Elite no limit no limit no limit no limit
S1 64 32 16 8
S2 40 20 10 5
S3 16 8 4 2
S4 4 2 1 0
Novice NV NV NV NV

Anyone who has competed for the Senior, Lightweight or U23 international squads will be given 12 points (the maximum possible). Those representing GB at the Junior World Rowing Championships have their points topped up to 6. The Junior World Rowing Championships is an international rowing regatta organised by FISA (the International Rowing Federation). ...


There are a number of junior categories (J12, J13, J14, J15, J16 and J18(Dominated by Eton last season). The number represents the age competitiors must be less than before the first day of September preceding the event. Due to possible issues of asymmetric muscle development, sweep oar rowing is only allowed at over J15 for boys and J16 for girls.

Coaching Awards

The ARA have an awards scheme for coaching that up until 2005 consisted of the Instructor's Award, Bronze Award, Silver Award and finally the Gold Award. These are being overhauled in 2006 as qualifications are brought in line with the Sportscoach UK system that many other sports in the UK have adopted. A coach is a person who teaches and directs another person via encouragement and advice. ... The Bronze Award is the third highest award in Girl Scouts of the USA. It was introduced by GSUSA in 2001, and can only be earned by Junior Girl Scouts. ... The Silver Award is the second highest award in Girl Scouting. ... The Gold Award is the highest achievement within the Girl Scouts of the USA, and is considered comparable to the Eagle Scout in Boy Scouts. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Sports Link Amateur Rowing Association (287 words)
Rowing is available to everybody, be it on land or on water.
We have over five hundred rowing clubs, using rivers, canals, reservoirs and seas all around the country, and their member's range from 9 to 80 years in age.
Rowing takes place in many different sizes of boat, from eight people with a steersperson (cox) down to a single sculler (one person with two oars).
rowing: Information from Answers.com (4941 words)
In Rowing, the athlete sits in the boat facing backwards (towards the stern), and uses the oars which are attached to the boat at the oarlocks to propel the boat forward.
In most competitive forms of rowing, the boat (called a shell or fine boat) is narrow to avoid drag and the oars are attached to oarlocks at the end of outriggers extending from the sides of the boat.
Amateurs took up competitive rowing in 1811, when students at Eton College (a boys' prep school) began rowing a ten-oared barge and the first recorded race between students took place in 1817.
  More results at FactBites »



Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m