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Encyclopedia > Amarok (audio)
Amarok

A screenshot of Amarok, showing the playlist browser, the OSD and the optional player window.
Maintainer: The Amarok Team
Stable release: 1.4.5  (2007-02-04) [+/-]
Preview release: none  (none) [+/-]
OS: Unix-like,[1]
Use: Audio player
License: GPL
Website: amarok.kde.org

Amarok is a free software music player for Linux and other varieties of Unix. It makes use of core components from the KDE desktop environment, but is released independently of the central KDE release cycle, and is developed with a desktop-agnostic policy. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1079x841, 502 KB) Summary A screenshot of amaroK 1. ... On-screen display (OSD) is a way modern TVs, and devices connected to TVs (like VCRs and DVD players), can display information directly on the TV screen. ... In software engineering, software maintenance is the process of enhancing and optimizing deployed software (software release), as well as remedying defects. ... A software release refers to the creation and availability of a new version of a computer software product. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... A software release refers to the creation and availability of a new version of a computer software product. ... An operating system (OS) is a set of computer programs that manage the hardware and software resources of a computer. ... Diagram of the relationships between several Unix-like systems A Unix-like operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification. ... An audio player is a kind of media player for playing back digital audio, including optical discs such as CDs, SACDs, DVD-Audio, HDCD, and audio files. ... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... The GNU logo The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or simply GPL) is a widely-used free software license, originally written by Richard Stallman for the GNU project. ... A website (alternatively, Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on a Web server, usually accessible via the Internet or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML, that is almost always accessible via HTTP, a... Clockwise from top: The logo of the GNU Project (the GNU head), the Linux kernel mascot Tux the Penguin, and the FreeBSD daemon Free software is a term coined by Richard Stallman and the Free Software Foundation[1] to refer to software that can be used, studied, and modified without... Linux (IPA pronunciation: ) is a Unix-like computer operating system. ... Diagram of the relationships between several Unix-like systems A Unix-like operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification. ... KDE (K Desktop Environment) (IPA: ) is a free software project which aims to be a powerful system for an easy-to-use desktop environment. ...


Despite the fact that Amarok uses wolf-based artwork, and that the name "amarok" or "amaroq" literally refers to the Inuktitut word for "wolf", it was originally named after the album Amarok by Mike Oldfield. The 1.2 release originally had a wolf icon, but this was later withdrawn due to similarity with the logo of WaRP Graphics Inc. Amarok's wolf logo has now been modified sufficiently so as not to infringe on WaRP's trademark logo, and re-instated. Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. ... Wolf Wolf Man Mount Wolf Wolf Prizes Wolf Spider Wolf 424 Wolf 359 Wolf Point Wolf-herring Frank Wolf Friedrich Wolf Friedrich August Wolf Hugo Wolf Johannes Wolf Julius Wolf Max Franz Joseph Cornelius Wolf Maximilian Wolf Rudolf Wolf Thomas Wolf As Name Wolf Breidenbach Wolf Hirshorn Other The call... Amarok is a record album written and mostly performed by Mike Oldfield. ... Michael Gordon Oldfield (born May 15, 1953 in Reading, England) is a multi-instrumentalist musician and composer, working a style that blends progressive rock, folk, ethnic or world music, classical music, electronic music and more recently dance. ... WaRP Graphics, later Warp Graphics, was an alternative comics publisher which was most well known for being the original publisher of the Elfquest comic books. ...


Originally it was named amaroK, it was, however, renamed to Amarok in June 2006.

Contents

History

The project was originally started by Mark Kretschmann as a means of bettering XMMS due to several usability problems, which interfered with the addition of new files to the playlist due to several user interface elements existing for one task. The original amaroK was created based upon the idea of a two-pane interface seen in midnight commander, and the first version of the software released solely by Kretschmann, was based upon the ideal of allowing users to drag-and-drop music into an interface in which the playlist was displayed on the right and information on the left. XMMSs default appearance The X Multimedia System (XMMS) is a free audio player very similar to Winamp, that runs on many Unix-like operating systems. ... Midnight Commander (mc) is an orthodox file manager for Unix-like systems and a clone of Norton Commander. ...


After the initial release of amaroK, several developers joined the project to form the "Three M's" the first of whom was Max Howell, who acted as an interface designer and programmer for the project, alongside Muesli, who also provided user interface insight and programming for the early versions.


Development goals

Amarok's tagline is "Rediscover Your Music", and its development is based around this ideology. Amarok's core features such as the unique "context browser", integrated Wikipedia lookup and lyrics download help users to find new music, and to learn more about the music they have. Amarok also features integration with last.fm, giving users suggestions about what to listen to next and which artists may fit their mood, as well as with Magnatune integration, allowing no-cost full listening of all the music in their catalog, and DRM-free purchasing. Last. ... Magnatune is a small Berkeley, California–based independent record label, founded in spring 2003 by John Buckman, then-CEO of e-mail software company Lyris. ... Digital rights management (DRM) is an umbrella term referring to technologies used by publishers or copyright owners to control access to or usage of digital data or hardware, and to restrictions associated with a specific instance of a digital work or device. ...


Features

Basic Uses and Functions

Amarok serves many functions rather than just playing music files. For example, Amarok can be used to organize a library of music into folders according to genre, artist, and album, can edit tags attached to most music formats, associate album art, attach lyrics, and automatically "score" music as you play it. Thus, the first run of Amarok can be daunting for some users. Users that find the interface difficult to navigate due to the many features may hide some features (such as by closing tabs) but may simply prefer a simpler audio player. The abundance of features has also attracted some criticism that Amarok is resource-intensive or "bloated."


Although a more technical list of features is listed below, here are the primary functions or uses for Amarok:

  • Playing media files in various formats including but not limited to (depending on the setup) FLAC, Ogg, MP3, AAC, WAV, WMA, and Musepack. Note that Amarok will not play digital music files protected by DRM.
  • Tagging digital music files (currently Ogg, WMA, AAC, MP3, and RealMedia).
  • Associating cover art with a particular album, and retrieving the cover art from Amazon.com
  • Creating and editing playlists, including smart and dynamic playlists. The dynamic playlists can use such information as the "score" given to a song by an Amarok script, and the playcount which is stored with the song.
  • Syncing, retrieving, playing, or uploading music to digital music players, such as iPods or Creative Zens.
  • Displaying artist information from Wikipedia and retrieving song lyrics.
  • Last.fm support, including submitting played tracks (including those played on some digital music players) to Last.fm, retrieving similar artists, and playing Last.fm streams.
  • Podcasting

From version 1.4.4, Amarok introduced the integration of the non-DRM digital music store, Magnatune so users can purchase music in Ogg, FLAC, WAV and MP3 VBR formats. FLAC, an acronym for Free Lossless Audio Codec, is a popular file format for audio data compression. ... Ogg is an open standard for a free container format for digital multimedia, unrestricted by software patents and designed for efficient streaming and manipulation. ... For LP MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3, more commonly referred to as MP3, is a popular audio encoding format. ... Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) is a standardized, lossy compression and encoding scheme for digital audio. ... WAV (or WAVE), short for Waveform audio format, is a Microsoft and IBM audio file format standard for storing audio on PCs. ... WMA can refer to: Windows Media Audio World Medical Association William Morris Agency This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Musepack or MPC is an open source lossy audio codec, specifically optimized for transparent compression of stereo audio at bitrates of 160-180 kbit/s. ... Digital rights management (DRM) is an umbrella term referring to technologies used by publishers or copyright owners to control access to or usage of digital data or hardware, and to restrictions associated with a specific instance of a digital work or device. ... Ogg is an open standard for a free container format for digital multimedia, unrestricted by software patents and designed for efficient streaming and manipulation. ... WMA can refer to: Windows Media Audio World Medical Association William Morris Agency This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) is a standardized, lossy compression and encoding scheme for digital audio. ... For LP MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3, more commonly referred to as MP3, is a popular audio encoding format. ... RealMedia is a multimedia container format created by RealNetworks. ... Amazon. ... iPod (fifth generation) in Apple Universal Dock, iPod nano (second generation) and iPod shuffle (second generation) iPod is a brand of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple and launched in 2001. ... Zen Vision:M, Creatives flagship player, in all five of its colors. ... Last. ... Podcasting is the method of distributing multimedia files, such as audio or video programs, over the Internet using syndication feeds, for playback on mobile devices and personal computers. ... The acronym DRM can stand for: Digital Rights Management - Technologies to give content providers control over redistribution and access to material. ... Magnatune is a small Berkeley, California–based independent record label, founded in spring 2003 by John Buckman, then-CEO of e-mail software company Lyris. ... Ogg is an open standard for a free container format for digital multimedia, unrestricted by software patents and designed for efficient streaming and manipulation. ... FLAC, an acronym for Free Lossless Audio Codec, is a popular file format for audio data compression. ... WAV (or WAVE), short for Waveform audio format, is a Microsoft and IBM audio file format standard for storing audio on PCs. ... For LP MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3, more commonly referred to as MP3, is a popular audio encoding format. ...


Note that some of these features depend on other programs or libraries that must be on your computer to operate. Furthermore, some of the features, such as support for newer iPods and AAC tag editing may only be accessible if Amarok is compiled from source, depending on how a particular distribution packages the software.


The newer release of Amarok, the sixth release of 'Fast Forward' series 1.4.5 contain an integrated Shoutcast stream directory, custom labels, some improvements in the Magnatune music store, an improved sound quality with the equalizer of xine, the full list of new features, fixes and improvements of Amarok are available at the Amarok site


Additionally, although Amarok can be used with most Linux desktop environments, Amarok uses KDELibs and Qt, so Linux users running environments such as GNOME rather than KDE will notice some quirks that are mostly cosmetic. Other projects, such as Exaile have been initiated to attempt to bring Amarok's functionality to a gtk-based program. But even under an environment like GNOME Amarok retains all of its functionality. This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... KDE (K Desktop Environment) (IPA: ) is a free software project which aims to be a powerful system for an easy-to-use desktop environment. ... Exaile is an audio player for GNU/Linux operating systems, that aims to be similar to KDEs Amarok, but based on the GTK+ toolkit instead of the Qt toolkit Amarok uses. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ...


More Technical Features

Amarok 1.4.5 and Moodbar functionality
Amarok 1.4.5 and Moodbar functionality
  • Two main windows: playlist browser and player window (latter is optional).
  • Systray (panel notification area) icon support.
  • Moodbar functionality provides a graphical overview of a song.
  • Song collection, which includes specific folders on the filesystem.
    • Can be stored in an internal SQLite database, or external MySQL or PostgreSQL database.
    • Songs can be rated both dynamically (based on how much the song is played) and by hand (giving rating of 1-5 stars to the song).
    • Amarok File Tracking (since 1.4.3): Stores file checksum in the collection. This allows the file be moved around in the filesystem without Amarok losing track of the song statistics. (In betas, this feature was called Advanced Tag Features, and instead stored unique identifier in the song tags.)
    • Collection filter (newest songs, highest rated, most played, etc.).
  • Playback options:
  • Support for syncing, reading, and writing to the following digital music players: iPod, iRiver iFP, Creative NOMAD, Creative Zen, MTP, Rio Karma and USB devices with VFAT (generic MP3 players) support.
  • Support for several audio engines. The audio engine also dictates which media types Amarok can play.
    • aRts (unmaintained since 1.3, and unlikely to return)
    • GStreamer (disabled in 1.4 due to a lack of maintainer)
    • Helix
    • Media Application Server (MAS)
    • Network-Integrated Multimedia Middleware (NMM)
    • xine-lib
  • Uses TagLib for tags.
  • MusicBrainz support.
  • Amarok can be controlled via DCOP.
  • Amarok Scripts, for example, when writing lyrics fetching plugins, can be written in most languages that can speak a simple standard input/standard output protocol and invoke the external "dcop" command. Such languages include Perl, Python, and Ruby.
  • Support for Digital Audio Access Protocol and ZeroConf.
  • Integration with K3b for burning audio CDs.
  • Support for kioslaves-based audio CD access. This allows CDs to be ripped to MP3 or Ogg Vorbis using Amarok's file browser or Konqueror.
Amarok 1.4.3 and Wikipedia article functionality

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 782 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1276 × 979 pixel, file size: 327 KB, MIME type: image/png) Screenshot of Amarok 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 782 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1276 × 979 pixel, file size: 327 KB, MIME type: image/png) Screenshot of Amarok 1. ... In computing, the taskbar is a term for the application desktop bar which is used to launch and monitor applications in Microsoft Windows 95 and later operating systems. ... SQLite is an ACID-compliant relational database management system contained in a relatively small C library. ... MySQL (pronounced ) is a multithreaded, multi-user SQL database management system (DBMS)[1] which has, according to MySQL AB, more than 10 million installations. ... PostgreSQL is a free software object-relational database management system (ORDBMS), released under a BSD-style license. ... For information about computer bandwidth management, see Equalization (computing). ... Gapless playback is the seamless playback of digital audio formats. ... iPod (fifth generation) in Apple Universal Dock, iPod nano (second generation) and iPod shuffle (second generation) iPod is a brand of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple and launched in 2001. ... Current iriver logo iriver (formerly iRiver) Co. ... The Creative NOMAD was a range of digital audio players designed and sold by Creative Technology, and later discontinued in 2004. ... Zen Vision:M, Creatives flagship player, in all five of its colors. ... The Media Transfer Protocol is a set of custom extensions to the Picture Transfer Protocol (PTP) devised by Microsoft, to allow the protocol to be used for devices other than digital cameras, for example digital audio players such as MP3 players, and other portable media devices, for example portable video... The Karma is a digital audio player made by Rio. ... Note: USB may also mean upper sideband in radio. ... File Allocation Table (FAT) is a partially patented file system developed by Microsoft for MS-DOS and was the primary file system for consumer versions of Microsoft Windows up to and including Windows Me. ... The Arts is a broad subdivision of culture, comprised of many expressive disciplines. ... GStreamer is a multimedia framework written in the C programming language with the type system based on GObject. ... Helix is an open multi-format digital media framework. ... xine (officially pronounced [ksi:n], like the name Maxine without Ma[1]) is a multimedia playback engine for Unix-like operating systems released under the GNU General Public License. ... MusicBrainz (MusicBrainz. ... DCOP, which stands for Desktop COmmunication Protocol, is a light-weight interprocess and software componentry communication system. ... Wikibooks has a book on the topic of Perl Programming Perl is a dynamic programming language created by Larry Wall and first released in 1987. ... Python is an interpreted programming language created by Guido van Rossum in 1990. ... Ruby is a reflective, object-oriented programming language. ... The Digital Audio Access Protocol (DAAP) is the protocol used by Apples iTunes to share media across a local network. ... Zeroconf or Zero Configuration Networking is a set of techniques that automatically create a usable IP network without configuration or special servers. ... K3b is a free software CD and DVD authoring application for GNU/Linux and other Unix-like operating systems designed for KDE. It provides a graphical user interface to perform most CD/DVD burning tasks like creating an Audio CD from a set of audio files or copying a CD... KIO is part of the KDE architecture. ... Konqueror is a file manager, web browser and file viewer, which was developed as part of the K Desktop Environment (KDE) by volunteers and runs on most Unix-like operating systems. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 791 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (952 × 722 pixel, file size: 90 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 791 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (952 × 722 pixel, file size: 90 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Easter Egg

Playing a song with the tag "title" as "Amarok" and "artist" as "Mike Oldfield" produces the following OSD popup: For a proposal for tagging in Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:WikiProject Microformats#MediaWiki issues A tag cloud with terms related to Web 2. ... On-screen display (OSD) is a way modern TVs, and devices connected to TVs (like VCRs and DVD players), can display information directly on the TV screen. ...

"One of Mike Oldfield's best pieces of work, Amarok, inspired the name behind the audio-player you are currently using. Thanks for choosing Amarok!

Mark Kretschmann
Max Howell
Chris Muehlhaeuser
The many other people who have helped make Amarok what it is" Michael Gordon Oldfield (born May 15, 1953 in Reading, England) is a multi-instrumentalist musician and composer, working a style that blends progressive rock, folk, ethnic or world music, classical music, electronic music and more recently dance. ... Amarok is a record album written and mostly performed by Mike Oldfield. ...

See also

free software Portal

Image File history File links Portal. ... The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of media player programs. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Amarok homepage
  • Guide to compiling Amarok from source without KDE
  • How-to: Streaming to the Airport Express under Linux - Description on how to stream audio to Apple's AirPort Express with Amarok under Linux

 
 

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