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Encyclopedia > Amarnath
Cave Temple of Lord Amarnath ji

Name: Cave Temple of Lord Amarnath ji
Creator: unknown
Date built: unknown
Primary deity: Amarnath(Shiva)
Location: Amarnath, Jammu and Kashmir

Amarnath is one of the most famous of Hindu temples, dedicated to Lord Shiva, located in Jammu and Kashmir, Republic of India. The temple is reported to be around 5000 years old[1] and is a popular pilgrimage destination for Hindus - about 400,000 people[2] visit during the 45 day season around the festival of Shravani Mela in July-August, coinciding with the Hindu holy month of Shravan. Inside the Amarnath Cave lies the ice Shiva Linga (along with two other ice formations representing Ganesh and Parvati) a natural formation of an ice stalagmite in the form of lingam.[3] This lingam, of Shiva is said to grow and shrink with the phases of the moon, reaching it's height during the summer festival.[4] According to Hindu mythology, this is the cave where Lord Shiva told about the secret of Life and eternity to His divine consort Parvati,[5] and hence this shrine holds a very special value to the Hindus. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 383 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Cave Temple of Lord Amarnath. ... Shiva (also spelled Siva; Sanskrit ) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism. ... , Jammu and Kashmir (Kashmiri: جۄم تٕہ کٔشِیر, ज्वम त॒ कॅशीर, Urdu: جموں Ùˆ کشمیر) (often abbreviated as Kashmir), is the northern most state in India and lies mostly in the Himalayan mountains. ... A Hindu ( , Devanagari: हिन्दु), as per modern definition, is an adherent of the philosophies and scriptures of Hinduism, and the religious, philosophical and cultural system that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... This article is about the Hindu God. ... , Jammu and Kashmir (Kashmiri: جۄم تٕہ کٔشِیر, ज्वम त॒ कॅशीर, Urdu: جموں Ùˆ کشمیر) (often abbreviated as Kashmir), is the northern most state in India and lies mostly in the Himalayan mountains. ... Shravan is a character from the great epic Ramayana and named after the month Sravan or Shravana masam or Sravanam(In english August). ... A Linga. ... Popular image of Ganesh In Hinduism, Ganesha (Gaṇeśa, lord of the hosts, also spelled Ganesa and sometimes referred to as Ganesh in Hindi, Bengali and other Indian vernaculars) is the god of wisdom, intelligence, education and prudence. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... A Linga. ...


The cave is situated at an height of 3888 m[3] about 141 km from the Kashmir's capital city of Srinagar. The area is under the control of the Indian Army due to terrorism threats and hence prior permission is needed from the government before making the pilgrimage. Devotees generally take the 45 km piligrimmage on foot from town of Pahalgam, about 96 km from Srinagar, and cover the journey in 4 to 5 days. There are two alternate routes to the temple, one the more traditional and the longer path from Srinagar and the other a shorter route from the town of Baltal. Some devotees, particularly the old, also use horse-back riding to make the journey. Srinagar   (Hindi: श्रीनगर, Urdu: سرینگر, Kashmiri: سِرېنَگَر सिरीनगर) , is the summer capital of the state of Jammu and Kashmir in India, and is situated in the valley of Kashmir. ... The Indian Army is one of the armed forces of India and has responsibility for land-based military operations. ... Pahalgam is a town and a notified area committee in Anantnag district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. ...

Ice Shiva Lingam in the Holy Cave

Contents

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 394 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Photo of Lord Amarnath taken by Mr. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 394 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Photo of Lord Amarnath taken by Mr. ...

The Linga

The cylindrical ice formation resembling a Shiva-linga which waxes during May to August and gradually wanes thereafter is a stalagmite. The Witchs Finger in the Carlsbad Caverns A stalagmite (from the Greek stalagma (Σταλαγμίτης), drop or drip) is a type of speleothem that rises from the floor of a limestone cave due to the dripping of mineralized solutions and the deposition of calcium carbonate. ...


According to The Hindu (reported on July 2nd 2007), "The Shivlingam in the 200-cubic metre cave was around 12 feet high on June 9 (2007) but had gradually thawed due to warm weather." “The Shivlingam has melted owing to the rise in temperatures. It is a normal phenomenon; weather affects its shape and size,” Shree Amarnathji Shrine Board (SASB) chief executive officer Arun Kumar said. The other ice ‘lingams,’ representing Parvati and Ganesh were, however, still intact, he said. [1]


History

The temple is reported to be about 5000 years old[1] and has been mentioned in ancient Hindu texts. The exact discovery of the cave is not clear, though it is commonly believed that a Gujjar (natives of Kashmir) shepherd found the cave and was given a bag by a saint in it. When he returned home he found them to be gold coins, and this got the entire village excited and believed that the cave is the home to the Lord. Another legend says that an Hindu rishi, Kashyap drained the lake of Kashmir and found the cave along with the lingam in it. This latter legend might be alluding to the geological transformation of this region, when the massive sea in this part was compressed by the Indian geological plate to form the Himalayas.[6] Gujjar or Gurjar is a group or caste of the Indian subcontinent. ... In the Puranas, Kashyapa (Sanskrit कश्यप kaśyapa) (meaning tortoise) was an ancient sage (one of the rishis), father of the Devas, Asuras, Nagas and all of humanity. ... Himalaya, see Himalaya (film). ...


The Amarnath Yatra, according to Hindu beliefs, begins on Ashadha Poornima (Full Moon Day of Hindu Month 'Ashadha') and ends on Shravana Poornima (Full Moon Day of Hindu Month 'Shravana'). The two-month Yatra for the year 2007 began on July 1, 2007 amidst tight security and adverse weather conditions. [7]


Terrorist threat

See 2000 Amarnath pilgrimage massacre 2000 Amarnath pilgrimage massacre is the massare of 30 hindu pilgrims by terrorists on August 1,2000 in Pahalgam town in Anantnag district in India . ...


The cave is situated at a place where Muslim Kashmiri extremists have been very active recently and thus the pilgrimage is under the constant threat of terrorist attack. However, many pilgrims still continue to brave the attacks and visit the shrine each year. There were a number of terrorist attacks in the recent past and dozens of pilgrims die in them every year.[8]


References

  1. ^ a b New shrine on Amarnath route.
  2. ^ Amarnath Yatra: court vests authority with shrine board.
  3. ^ a b Amarnathji Yatra - a journey into faith.
  4. ^ On the road again.
  5. ^ Amarnath Cave - The legend.
  6. ^ PBS - The birth of the Himalaya.
  7. ^ "Amarnath Yatra begins as weather condition improves", AndhraNews.net. Retrieved on 2007-07-01. 
  8. ^ BBC News - The pilgrimage to Amarnath.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Amarnath - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (986 words)
Amarnath is one of the holy shrines of the Hindus.
Inside the Amarnath Cave lies the ice Shiva Linga which is visited by the Hindu pilgrims during May to August.
The trek to Amarnath, in the month of sharavan (July–August) has the devout flock to this incredible shrine, where the image of Shiva, in the form of a Lingam, is formed naturally of an Ice Stalagmite, which is believed to wax and wane with the Moon's cycle.
Surinder Amarnath - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (200 words)
Amarnath was an aggressive left-handed batsman who performed extremely well at Indian domestic level but was largely unable to cement a regular place in the Indian national team.
Indian cricket writer Partab Ramchand wrote "[Amarnath] was given a raw deal by the [national team] selectors".
On his batting ability, "[he was] an aggressive batsman, [a] bit flashy but when in full flow he was a treat to watch and could decimate even the best of attacks." He scored a century on his Test debut against New Zealand in January 1976.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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