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Encyclopedia > Amalric, Prince of Tyre
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Amalric, Prince of Tyre (c. 1272June 5, 1310, Nicosia) was the son of Hugh III of Cyprus and Isabella of Ibelin. He escaped the sieges of Tripoli, where he had commanded Cypriote reinforcements, and was made Constable of Jerusalem in April 1289. He had command of the Accursed Tower at the siege of Acre in 1291, and escaped the fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem with his brother, King Henry. Jump to: navigation, search For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events May 11 - In France, 64 members of the Knights Templar are burned at the stake for heresy Abulfeda becomes governor of Hama. ... Jump to: navigation, search Nicosia, Cyprus For the Italian town, see Nicosia, Sicily Nicosia, known locally as Lefkosia (Greek: Λευκωσία; see also List of traditional Greek place names) or Lefkoşa (Turkish), population 177,410 (1992), 200,686 (2001), is the capital of Cyprus and of the Turkish Republic of Northern... Hugh III of Cyprus, Hugh I of Jerusalem, Hugh of Antioch or Hugh of Lusignan (died March 24, 1284), King of Cyprus 1267–1284 and King of Jerusalem 1268–1284, was the son of Henry of Antioch and Isabella of Cyprus, the daughter of Hugh I of Cyprus. ... Tripoli (Arabic طرابلس Trablus, academically transliterated Ṭarābulus) is the second-largest city in Lebanon. ... Jump to: navigation, search For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... An acre is an English unit of area. ... Jump to: navigation, search For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... Official language Latin, French, Italian, and other western languages; Greek and Arabic also widely spoken Capital Jerusalem, later Acre Constitution Various laws, so-called Assizes of Jerusalem The Kingdom of Jerusalem was a Christian kingdom established in the Levant in 1099 by the First Crusade. ... Henry II of Jerusalem (died 1324) was the last king of Jerusalem and at the same time ruled as King of Cyprus. ...


Henry was unpopular in Cyprus, and with the aid of the Templars and some of the barons, Amalric assumed the titles of Governor and Regent on April 26, 1306. The overthrow was not violent; Henry had few supporters, and he was whisked away and confined at Strovolos. The Seal of the Knights — the two riders have been interpreted as a sign of poverty or the duality of monk/soldier. ... Jump to: navigation, search April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (117th in leap years). ... Events March 25 - Robert the Bruce becomes King of Scotland June 19 - Forces of Earl of Pembroke defeat Bruces Scottish rebels at the Battle of Methven Philip IV of France exiles all the Jews from France and confiscates their property In London, a city ordinance degrees that heating with...


Amalric's rule was initially popular. He repaired relations with Venice, Genoa, and the Hospitallers. Through his marriage to Isabella of Armenia, he also enjoyed close ties with Armenia. However, he was compelled to obey the Papal directive to arrest the Templars when that order was suppressed, which resulted in a small uprising in favor of Henry in January 1308. It quickly collapsed, but Amalric was forced to arrest a number of nobles, including Rupen of Montfort, John of Dampierre, and various members of the Ibelin family. In April, two of the Ibelins were exiled to Armenia, and John of Dampierre was mortally wounded by a mob after attempting to communicate with King Henry. In February 1310, Amalric sent Henry into exile in Armenia. Anticipating the presence of Crusaders bound for Rhodes to aid the Hospitallers in conquering the island, Amalric was desperately nervous about his status, which he had never been able to regularize with the Papacy. He was suddenly murdered by Simon of Montolif on June 5, 1310. While the timing of the murder was certainly suspicious, there is no overt evidence to indicate that it was the result of a conspiracy rather than a private quarrel. The Most Serene Republic of Venice was a city-state in Venetia in Northeastern Italy, based around the city of Venice. ... The Republic of Genoa, in full the Most Serene Republic of Genoa (known as the Ligurian Republic from 1798 to 1805) was an independent state in Liguria on the northwestern Italian coast from ca. ... The Knights Hospitaller (the or Knights of Malta or Knights of Rhodes) is a tradition which began as a Benedictine nursing Order founded in the 11th century based in the Holy Land, but soon became a militant Christian Chivalric Order under its own charter, and was charged with the care... Princess Isabella of Armenia (died c. ... Events Henry VII is elected as king of the Holy Roman Empire. ... Ibelin was a castle in the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem in the 12th century (at modern Yavne, 31. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events May 11 - In France, 64 members of the Knights Templar are burned at the stake for heresy Abulfeda becomes governor of Hama. ... Main entrance to the medieval city of Rhodes Rhodes, Greek Ρόδος (Rhodos; see also List of traditional Greek place names), is the largest of the Dodecanese islands, and easternmost of the major islands of Greece in the Aegean Sea. ...


On his death, his brother Aimery was proclaimed Governor of Nicosia; but he was soon defeated and imprisoned, and Henry restored to his throne.


References

Peter W. Edbury (1991) The Kingdom of Cyprus and the Crusades, Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-45837-4


 
 

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