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Encyclopedia > Amadeo Vives

Amadeo Vives was a Spanish musical composer, a Catalan born at Collbató, near Montserrat, on November 18, 1871. He died in Madrid on December 1, 1932. Catalan can refer to: Catalan people Catalan language An inhabitant of Catalonia A Catalan speaker, whether or not from Catalonia proper (see Catalan Countries). ... Collbató is a municipality in the comaerca of the Baix Llobregat in Catalonia, Spain. ... November 18 is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Location Coordinates : 40° 23’N , 3°43′0″W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Villa de Madrid (Spanish) Spanish name Villa de Madrid Founded 9th century Postal code 28001-28080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 91 (Villa de Madrid) Website http://www. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ...


Vives was an early pupil of Felipe Pedrell, a fundamental figure of 20th Century Spanish music. Earlier, while studying in Barcelona with José Ribera, he helped found the influential Orféo Catalá choral society (1891), a key element in the Catalan musical renaissance. Madrid soon beckoned and he lived the rest of his life there, first publishing a series of concert works, solo and much-loved choral songs before turning to the zarzuelas on which his fame rests. Felipe Pedrell (February 19, 1841 - August 19, 1922), was a Spanish composer. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal Postal code 08001-08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ...


Vives was a renaissance man. He wrote a successful Catalan stage play, Jo no sabìa que el món era així (1929); he aspired to become a symphonic composer. Isaac Albéniz once said that if Vives had sought to compose with a universal accent, he could have undoubtedly have been a major international figure. Perhaps he simply lacked the confidence to try. His autobiographical book Sofía (1923) paints a revealing picture of a nervous figure, suffering from several physical disabilities as a result of a fall in early life. He was never entirely satisfied with being 'just' the leading zarzuela creator of the day. Raphael was famous for depicting illustrious figures of the Classical past with the features of his Renaissance contemporaries. ... Isaac Albéniz Isaac Manuel Francisco Albéniz (IPA: ) (May 29, 1860 – May 18, 1909) was a Catalan pianist and composer, best known for his piano works that are based on Spanish folk music. ...


Vives' output of over a hundred stage works began with the ambitious four-act opera Artús (1897, Barcelona; based on Walter Scott). His first zarzuela, the one-act La primera del barrio, was produced at the Teatro de la Zarzuela in Madrid a year later. A host of first nights followed, but despite some critical esteem - particularly for Don Lucas del Sigarral (1899) and La balada de la luz (1900) — the real breakthrough came with the one-act Bohemios in 1904. Boldly based on the same literary source as Puccini's masterpiece, French rather than Italian influences are apparent on the score, which nevertheless shows Vives' growing individuality.


Two works written soon after in collaboration with Gerónimo Giménez are still heard: El húsar de la guardia (1904) and La gatita blanca (1905), both in one act. Other once-popular works, such as Los viajes de Gulliver (1911), have faded. Not so the operetta La generala (1912; set in "Oxford and Cambridge"); the pastoral opera Maruxa (1914, without spoken parts); Doña Francisquita (1923), perhaps the finest of all three-act género grande zarzuelas; and La villana (1927). His last works, the two-act zarzuelas Los flamencos (1928) and Noche de verbena (1929) have not proved so durable; the comedia lírica Talismán (1932) had only a succès d' estime.


Doña Francisquita is without doubt the best-known and -loved of all Vives' works, one of the few zarzuelas which has 'travelled' abroad. With its easy lyricism, fluent orchestration and colourful evocation of 19th century Madrid, not to mention memorable vocal and choral writing, it certainly encapsulates Vives' potent charm, and his love for the city where he worked and died. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Sources

  • Webber, Christopher: The Zarzuela Companion. London, Scarecrow Press, 2003 Foreword by Plácido Domingo

Plácido Domingo Plácido Domingo [1] (born January 21, 1941) [2] is a world-famous Spanish operatic tenor, well-known for his versatile, strong voice that is possessed of a ringing and clear tone throughout its range. ...

External link

  • Zarzuela site

 
 

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