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Encyclopedia > Alveolar process

The alveolar process (processus alveolaris), also referred to as the alveolar bone, is the bone found in the jaws of a mouth containing the socket of teeth. On the maxilla, it is a ridge on the inferior surface, and on the mandible it is the ridge on the superior surface. It makes up the thickest part of the maxilla. The buccinator muscle attaches to the alveoar process. Grays illustration of a human femur, a typically recognized bone. ... The jaw is either of the two opposable structures forming, or near the entrance to, the mouth. ... Sagittal section of nose mouth, pharynx, and larynx. ... Types of teeth Molars are used for grinding up foods Carnassials are used for slicing food. ... The maxillae are the largest bones of the face, except for the mandible, and form, by their union, the whole of the upper jaw. ... The mandible (inferior maxillary bone) (together with the maxilla) is the largest and strongest bone of the face. ... Buccinator The buccinator is a muscle of which the bulk of is located in the cheeks. ...


References

  • Cate, A.R. Ten. Oral Histology: development, structure, and function. 5th ed. 1998. ISBN 0815129521.
  • Gray, Henry. Anatomy of the Human Body. (1918). ISBN 1-58734-102-6
  • "Process, alveolar." Stedman's Medical Dictionary, 27th ed. (2000). ISBN 0-683-40007-X

  Results from FactBites:
 
II. Osteology. 5b. 2. The Maxillæ (Upper Jaw). Gray, Henry. 1918. Anatomy of the Human Body. (2371 words)
Projecting into the floor of the antrum are several conical processes, corresponding to the roots of the first and second molar teeth; 38 in some cases the floor is perforated by the fangs of the teeth.
On the under surface of the palatine process, a delicate linear suture, well seen in young skulls, may sometimes be noticed extending lateralward and forward on either side from the incisive foramen to the interval between the lateral incisor and the canine tooth.
The frontal process is well-marked and the body of the bone consists of little more than the alveolar process, the teeth sockets reaching almost to the floor of the orbit.
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