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Encyclopedia > Alton, Illinois
Historic Alton Home

Alton is a city in Madison County, Illinois, United States, about 15 miles north of St. Louis, Missouri. The population was 34,511 at the 2006 census. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (488x651, 139 KB) Summary Alton Home By Ralph Moran Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (488x651, 139 KB) Summary Alton Home By Ralph Moran Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...

Contents

History

The Alton area was home to Native Americans long before the founding of the modern city. While early historic accounts indicate occupation of this area by the Illiniwek or Illinois Confederacy, earlier native settlement is evidenced by the presence of the famous Piasa bird painted on a cliff face nearby, first seen by Europeans in 1673 by Father Pierre Marquette. Native Americans redirects here. ... There was much conflict with a neigboring tribe of aliens!The Illiniwek (also known as the Illini, Illinois, Illinois Confederacy) were a group of six Native American tribes in the upper Mississippi River valley of North America. ... The Piasa or Piasa Bird is a legendary creature that was depicted in a mural painted by Native Americans on a cliff above the Mississippi River. ...


Alton was developed as a river town in 1818 by Rufus Easton, who named the town after his son. He ran a passenger ferry service across the Mississippi River to the opposite Missouri shore. Alton is located amid the confluence of three important navigable rivers: the Illinois, the Mississippi, and the Missouri.Under construction is a monument, and multilevel observatory, located at the confluence of the Missouri and Mississippi near the levee in Wood River. Alton grew into a matter-of-fact river town with an industrial character and its steep-sloped streets filled with silos, railroad tracks, brick commercial buildings. Alton once was the site of several brick factories, and brick streets are still visible. Many blocks of housing in Alton were built in the Victorian Queen Anne style, which marks a more successful period of the city's history. Alton is subject to floods. Visitors can see the various flood levels of different dates marked on the grain silo in downtown. This article is about the river in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ...


North along the river the River Road stretches north to Grafton, a dramatic contrast between the high cliffs of the Illinois side to the broad, flat, green countryside of Portage des Sioux, Missouri. The Great River Road is a popular bicycle tour destination. Hidden in a notch of the cliff is the tiny town of Elsah, Illinois, once a down-and-dirty liquor-soaked tug-boater's retreat, now reborn as a quaint antique center with trimmed front lawns. Portage Des Sioux is a city in St. ... The Great River Road is a collection of state, provincial, federal and local roads which follow the course of the Mississippi River through ten U. S. states and one Canadian province. ... Elsah is a village located in Jersey County, Illinois. ...


On November 7, 1837 abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy was murdered by a mob of supporters of slavery while he was attempting to protect his Alton-based press from being destroyed a third time. The mob then threw the press into the Mississippi. This tragedy marked Lovejoy as the first martyr of the abolition movement. As a consequence, the Thirteenth Amendment of the Constitution was drafted in Alton. Alton has been home to gangs of bootleggers in the thirties known throughout the state, and the overall bloody history of the town has contributed to the reputation of Alton as one of the most haunted places in America. Notable places include The History and Hantings Bookstore, and The McPike Mansion. is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Elijah Parish Lovejoy (November 9, 1802 – November 7, 1837), the son of Daniel Lovejoy, a Congregational minister, was an American minister and journalist who was murdered for his abolitionist views. ... Slave redirects here. ...


On October 15, 1858, Alton was the site of the seventh Lincoln-Douglas debate. There is a memorial at the site in downtown Alton that features statues of Lincoln and Douglas. The Lincoln-Douglas debates of 1858 were a series of seven debates between Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, and Stephen A. Douglas, a Democrat, for an Illinois seat in the United States Senate. ...


Alton has more earthly stories behind it as well. Once growing faster than its sister city of St. Louis, a coalition of St. Louis businessmen planned to build a town to stop the spread and bring business to St. Louis. The result was Grafton, Illinois. Grafton is the oldest city in Jersey County, Illinois. ...


During the Civil War, Alton was home to a Union prison, from which prisoners would attempt to escape and cross the Mississippi River back to the slave state of Missouri. Also, some of Alton's majestic historic homes played a part in assisting the Underground Railroad. There is a Confederate cemetery on the north side of Alton, a memorial marker is present on the site. For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Robert Wadlow's grave, the earth raised so visitors can compare its length to other graves, is in Upper Alton Cemetery. There is a memorial to him, including a life size statue, and a replica of his chair on College Avenue, across from the Southern Illinois University Dental School.


The Sisters of St Francis of the Martyr St George have their American province motherhouse in Alton. The Sisters of St. ...

Alton flood

Alton in the Great Flood of 93 Copied from http://www. ... Alton in the Great Flood of 93 Copied from http://www. ...

Flood of 1993

Because of Alton's close location to the Mississippi River, it was severely damaged and flooded by dangerously high water level in the Great Flood of 1993. The Great Flood of 1993 was a major flood that occurred in the American Midwest, along the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, and their tributaries, from April to October of 1993. ...


Geography

Alton is located at 38°54′2″N, 90°9′35″W (38.900438, -90.159844).GR1 This is on the Mississippi River above the mouth of the Missouri River. Most of Alton is located on bluffs overlooking the river valley. For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 43.0 km² (16.6 mi²). 40.5 km² (15.6 mi²) of it is land and 2.5 km² (1.0 mi²) of it (5.78%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


The new Lock and Dam #26 at Alton is available for tours, and is a favorite spot to eagle watch. There is a bird sanctuary across the river.


Economy

Alton was once a town of heavy industry and manufacturing. Laclede Steel established major steel manufacturing operations in the town.[1] Alton Steel is a steel manufacturer, based in Alton, Illinois. ... For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). ...


Alton has transformed itself into a popular tourist retreat. Alton's location and history make it a popular tourist area for antique shopping and gambling aboard the Argosy Casino. During the winter, many visitors from across the country come to Alton for birdwatching, as bald eagles roost on the bluffs along the Mississippi. Other Greater Alton attractions include Alton Marina, nine golf courses including Greater St. Louis' and Illinois' only Arnold Palmer designed and managed course, Meeting of the Great Rivers National Scenic Byway, Alton Square Mall, fine dining, night life, and bed and breakfasts including the "Best of Illinois" (llinois Magazine Readers Poll). Alton is also a popular venue for weddings, receptions, and honeymoons.


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 30,496 people, 12,518 households, and 7,648 families residing in the city. The population density was 752.8/km² (1,949.3/mi²). There were 13,894 housing units at an average density of 343.0/km² (888.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 72.32% White, 24.72% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 1.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.49% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 12,518 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.3% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.9% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.02. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 88.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.1 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $31,213, and the median income for a family was $37,910. Males had a median income of $33,083 versus $22,485 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,817. About 14.7% of families and 18.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.8% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Landmarks

Alton contains a number of landmarks. Among these are a statue of Elijah Lovejoy and the cable-stayed Clark Bridge. The Piasa bird painting has also been restored. Rev. ... The Clark Bridge (sometimes referred to as the Super Bridge as the result of an appearance on Nova) is a cable-stayed bridge across the Mississippi River between Alton, Illinois and Black Jack, Missouri. ... The Piasa or Piasa Bird is a legendary creature that was depicted in a mural painted by Native Americans on a cliff above the Mississippi River. ...


Education

Alton is home to both Marquette Catholic High School and its new public high school, Alton High School, complete with a three-court gymnasium.


The old high school is now the middle school.


Notable residents

Alton was the hometown of jazz musician Miles Davis, NFL two-time All-Pro Bowl punter Craig Hentrich, and Robert Pershing Wadlow, the tallest human recorded to date. Southern Illinois University Dental School in Alton houses the Wadlow's skull and dental remains. Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991) was an American jazz musician, widely considered to be one of the most influential of the 20th century. ... Craig Hentrich (born May 18, 1971 in Alton, Illinois) is an American football punter for the Tennessee Titans of the NFL. He lettered four years at the University of Notre Dame, serving as both the placekicker and punter. ... Template:If: Robert Pershing Wadlow (February 22, 1918 – July 15, 1940), according to Guinness World Records is the tallest man in medical history for whom there is irrefutable evidence. ...


James Earl Ray, who assassinated Martin Luther King, Jr. was a resident of Alton. The person who killed Martin Luther King Jr. ... Martin Luther King redirects here. ...


Lyman Trumbull, the first person to write a bill about Civil Rights (although it didn't pass), was born in Alton. Lyman Trumbull was the United States Senator from Illinois during the American Civil War Categories: American politician stubs ...


Brad Carter, the infamous computer hacker RBCP lived in Alton. Bradley Brad Carter (born 10 May 1980), is a member of New Zealand group, Steriogram. ...


Trivia

  • Alton was the home to the world's largest blue catfish before it was caught by Tim Pruitt on the Mississippi River on May 22nd, 2005. The fish later died while being transported to Kansas City.
  • Alton has been called one of the "most haunted towns in America".[1] It is believed that the infamous McPike Mansion on Alby Street is haunted.

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... This article is about the siluriform catfishes; for the Atlantic catfish, see Seawolf (fish); for other uses, see Catfish (disambiguation). ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Coordinates: 38.900438° N 90.159844° W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Alton, Illinois - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (912 words)
Alton is located amid the confluence of three important navigable rivers: the Illinois, the Mississippi, and the Missouri.
Alton has been home to gangs of bootleggers in the thirties known throughout the state, and the overall bloody history of the town has contributed to the reputation of Alton as one of the most haunted places in America.
James Earl Ray was a resident of Alton; Alton was the hometown of Miles Davis, Robert Pershing Wadlow, the tallest human recorded to date, and Craig Hentrich, NFL two-time All-Pro Bowl punter.
Alton, Illinois - definition of Alton, Illinois in Encyclopedia (625 words)
During the Civil War, Alton was home to a Union prison, from which prisoners would attempt to escape and cross the Mississippi back to Confederate Missouri.
Alton was the hometown of Robert Pershing Wadlow, the tallest human recorded to date.
Alton was also the birthplace of jazz legend Miles Davis, who spent most of early childhood in East St. Louis, Illinois.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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