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Encyclopedia > Alto
Voice Type (ranges)
Female voices
Soprano
Mezzo-soprano
Alto or Contralto

Male voices Alto (high or tall in Spanish and Italian, and stop in Spanish) may refer to: a singing voice: see Alto (voice); a high-register musical instrument, such as the alto horn or alto saxophone; Alto, Michigan; an experimental personal computer by that name designed by Xerox at the Palo Alto... Voice type, often called Fach (pl. ... Human voices may be classified according to their vocal range — the highest and lowest pitches that they can produce. ... This article is about the singing voice part. ... A mezzo-soprano (meaning medium soprano in Italian) is a female singer with a range usually extending from the A below middle C to the F an eleventh above middle C. Mezzo-sopranos generally have a darker (or lower) vocal tone than sopranos, and their vocal range is between that... In music, an alto is a singer with a vocal range somewhere between a tenor and a soprano. ...

Countertenor (Alto or Mezzo)
Tenor
Baritone
Bass-baritone
Bass

edit this - view history A countertenor is an adult male who sings in an alto, mezzo or soprano range, often through use of falsetto, or sometimes natural head voice. ... Mezzo may refer to one of the following: The Mezzo TV cable channel in Spain. ... This article is about Tenor vocalists in music. ... Baritone (French: ; German: ; Italian: ) is most commonly the type of male voice that lies between bass and tenor. ... A bass-baritone is a singing voice that shares certain qualities of both the baritone and the bass. ... A bass (or basso in Italian) is a male singer who sings in the deepest vocal range of the human voice. ...

In music, an alto or contralto is a singer with a vocal range somewhere between a tenor and a mezzo-soprano. The term is used to refer to the lowest female singing voice, or to a kind of male singing voice utilizing falsetto called a countertenor. Alto pieces normally span between G below middle C to the E a tenth above middle C (i.e. G3-E5). At the bottom of their range, male altos sound almost like tenors. Some altos have even larger ranges; from the C below middle C to the C two octaves above (C3-C6 if middle C is C4), but like all singers, their vocal type is defined mostly by their "vocal center" and not by their range (a soprano for instance could technically possess the lower range of an alto, but would not be comfortable singing it). In four part choral harmony, the alto is the second highest voice. Alto pieces were originally written in the alto clef, but now use the treble clef. For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... Human voices may be classified according to their vocal range — the highest and lowest pitches that they can produce. ... This article is about Tenor vocalists in music. ... A mezzo-soprano (meaning medium soprano in Italian) is a female singer with a range usually extending from the A below middle C to the F an eleventh above middle C. Mezzo-sopranos generally have a darker (or lower) vocal tone than sopranos, and their vocal range is between that... A countertenor is an adult male who sings in an alto, mezzo or soprano range, often through use of falsetto, or sometimes natural head voice. ... In Western music, the expression middle C refers to the note C or Do located exactly between the two staves of the grand staff, quoted as C4 in note-octave notation (also known as scientific pitch notation). ... This article is about Tenor vocalists in music. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A clef (French for key) is a symbol used in musical notation that assigns notes to lines and spaces on the musical staff. ... A clef (French for key) is a symbol used in musical notation that assigns notes to lines and spaces on the musical staff. ...


Although both men and women may have voices in the alto range, the word is usually used to mean a female singer. The word "contralto" can be used to refer specifically to a female alto singer, versus alto male singers or instruments or clefs. However, choirs singing early music frequently include adult male altos, also called countertenors. If a singer is a man and a natural tenor, if they choose to sing using falsetto they are referred to as a countertenor, whereas a male alto's true vocal weight usually is that of a baritone or bass. Early music is commonly defined as European classical music from the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and the Baroque. ... A countertenor is an adult male who sings in an alto, mezzo or soprano range, often through use of falsetto, or sometimes natural head voice. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Baritone (French: ; German: ; Italian: ) is most commonly the type of male voice that lies between bass and tenor. ... A bass (or basso in Italian) is a male singer who sings in the deepest vocal range of the human voice. ...


In English church usage, the term alto is sometimes exclusively used to mean a countertenor, while contralto is used for a female singer: this is particularly the case in the Anglican cathedral tradition which is historically all-male. However, this is not done consistently, and for most practical purposes, alto and contralto can be thought of as synonyms. Boys may also sing alto, in which case the term boy alto may be used to avoid confusion. The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ...


A few popular music enthusiasts define the contralto and alto separately, as the contralto having an especially dark range, from the D above low C to Tenor C, which is essentially a female of tenor range, while alto is a voice with a range from G below middle C to the F an eleventh above middle C, and is closer to the mezzo-soprano. The majority however define contralto and alto as synonyms, and assign the adjectives light and dark, with a dark alto being a female of tenor range, while a light alto, commonly referred to as simply alto, to include mezzo-sopranos as well. Low C is the C one octave below Middle C, and is also named C3. ... Tenor C is the C one octave above Middle C. It is also known as C5. ... In Western music, the expression middle C refers to the note C or Do located exactly between the two staves of the grand staff, quoted as C4 in note-octave notation (also known as scientific pitch notation). ... A mezzo-soprano (meaning medium soprano in Italian) is a female singer with a range usually extending from the A below middle C to the F an eleventh above middle C. Mezzo-sopranos generally have a darker (or lower) vocal tone than sopranos, and their vocal range is between that...


In medieval polyphony, the principal voice was the tenor. When additional voices were added, they were called contratenor (meaning "against the tenor"). When two such voices were added, they were called contratenor alto and contratenor bassus, indicating high and low respectively. Polyphony is a musical texture consisting of two or more independent melodic voices, as opposed to music with just one voice (monophony) or music with one dominant melodic voice accompanied by chords (homophony). ... This article is about Tenor vocalists in music. ...


Contraltos are fairly rare in opera, since there is very little work that was written specifically for them. Most of the time, contralto roles are limited to maids, mothers and grandmothers, but they do occasionally get notable roles, with witches being the most common outside of the three former roles (a common saying among contraltos is that they are only allowed to play "witches, bitches, or britches"). Baroque opera features a large number of alto roles. This article is about Opera, the art form. ... For other uses, see Mother (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Witchcraft. ... A breeches role (also pants role or trouser role) is a role in which an actress appears in male clothes (breeches being tight-fitting knee-length pants, the standard male garment at the time breeches roles were introduced). ... The term Baroque Opera refers to operas written in the 17th Century up until the mid 18th Century. ...


The word, "alto", is often applied to instruments to indicate their range in relation to other instruments of the same group. In common usage, particularly among jazz musicians, the word has become synonymous with the alto saxophone. In US usage the alto horn is an Eb saxhorn, a brass instrument. In music, the range of a musical instrument is the distance from the lowest to the highest pitch it can play. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... “Instrumentalist” redirects here. ... The saxophone (colloquially referred to as sax) is a conical-bored instrument of the woodwind family. ... Known in the U.S. as alto horn, in Germany as althorn, and in the UK as tenor horn, this brass instrument pitched in Eb has a conical bore (gradually widening), and normally uses a deep, cornet-like mouthpiece. ... The saxhorn is a valved brass instrument with a tapered bore and deep cup-shaped mouthpiece. ... Image of a trumpet, foreground, a piccolo trumpet behind, and a flugelhorn in background. ...

Contents

Contralto roles in operas

The following is a list of contralto roles in the standard operatic repertoire. Technically, "alto" is only a separate category in choral music where it refers simply to the vocal range. In current operatic practice, female singers with very low tessituras are included among mezzo-sopranos, because singers in both ranges are able to cover the other, and true operatic contraltos are very rare. This article is about choirs, musical ensembles containing singers. ... Human voices may be classified according to their vocal range — the highest and lowest pitches that they can produce. ... In music, tessitura (Italian: texture) is a range of pitches compared to the instrument for which it was intended to be used. ... A mezzo-soprano (meaning medium soprano in Italian) is a female singer with a range usually extending from the A below middle C to the F an eleventh above middle C. Mezzo-sopranos generally have a darker (or lower) vocal tone than sopranos, and their vocal range is between that...

La Gioconda is an opera in four acts by Amilcare Ponchielli to an Italian libretto by Arrigo Boito, based on Angelo by Victor Hugo. ... Amilcare Ponchielli (August 31, 1834 – January 17, 1886) was an Italian composer, largely of operas. ... For the famous train, see Rheingold Express. ... Siegfried is the third of the four operas that comprise Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung), by Richard Wagner. ... Wagner may refer to more than one place in the United States: Wagner, South Dakota Wagner, Wisconsin Wagner may refer to more than one person: Richard Wagner, German composer Cosima Wagner, daughter of Franz Liszt and wife of Richard Wagner Heinrich Leopold Wagner, dramatist and author John Peter Honus Wagner... Giuseppe Verdi, by Giovanni Boldini, 1886 (National Gallery of Modern Art, Rome) Rigoletto is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi. ... VERDI is an acronym for the Italian unification movement, named after the composer Giuseppe Verdi (ardent supporter of the movement) VERDI stands for Vittorio Emmanuelle, Re D Italia (Victor Emmanuel, King of Italy) Categories: Historical stubs ... The Flying Dutchman (German title: Der fliegende Holländer) is an opera, music and libretto by Richard Wagner. ... Wagner may refer to more than one place in the United States: Wagner, South Dakota Wagner, Wisconsin Wagner may refer to more than one person: Richard Wagner, German composer Cosima Wagner, daughter of Franz Liszt and wife of Richard Wagner Heinrich Leopold Wagner, dramatist and author John Peter Honus Wagner... For other uses, see Falstaff (disambiguation). ... VERDI is an acronym for the Italian unification movement, named after the composer Giuseppe Verdi (ardent supporter of the movement) VERDI stands for Vittorio Emmanuelle, Re D Italia (Victor Emmanuel, King of Italy) Categories: Historical stubs ... Eugene Onegin (Евгений Онегин in Russian, Yevgeny Onegin in transliteration) is an opera in three acts by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky to a Russian libretto by Konstantin Shilovsky and the composer, based on the novel of the same name by Aleksandr Pushkin. ... Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Pyotr (Peter) Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Russian: Пётр Ильич Чайкoвский, Pëtr Il’ič ÄŒajkovskij;  )[1] (7 May [O.S. 25 April] 1840 – 6 November [O.S. 25 October] 1893), was a Russian composer of the Romantic era. ... Orfeo ed Euridice is an opera by Christoph Willibald Gluck. ... Christoph Willibald Gluck (July 2, 1714 – November 15, 1787) was a German composer. ... A breeches role (also pants role or trouser role) is a role in which an actress appears in male clothes (breeches being tight-fitting knee-length pants, the standard male garment at the time breeches roles were introduced). ... The Queen of Spades (Пиковая дама in Russian, Pikovaya dama in transliteration) is an opera in three acts by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky to a Russian libretto by the composers brother Modest Tchaikovsky, based on a short story by the poet Aleksandr Pushkin. ... Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Pyotr (Peter) Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Russian: Пётр Ильич Чайкoвский, Pëtr Il’ič ÄŒajkovskij;  )[1] (7 May [O.S. 25 April] 1840 – 6 November [O.S. 25 October] 1893), was a Russian composer of the Romantic era. ... Un ballo in maschera, or A Masked Ball, is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi with text by Antonio Somma. ... VERDI is an acronym for the Italian unification movement, named after the composer Giuseppe Verdi (ardent supporter of the movement) VERDI stands for Vittorio Emmanuelle, Re D Italia (Victor Emmanuel, King of Italy) Categories: Historical stubs ...

Alto roles in operettas and musicals

Many operettas and musicals have important contralto roles. Every Gilbert and Sullivan comic opera has at least one contralto role for a mature female character who is usually a forceful person or a member of the nobility. The Black Crook (1866) is considered the first musical comedy Musical theatre is a form of theatre combining music, songs, spoken dialogue and dance. ... W. S. Gilbert Arthur Sullivan Gilbert and Sullivan refers to the Victorian era partnership of librettist W. S. Gilbert (1836–1911) and composer Arthur Sullivan (1842–1900). ... Comic opera, or light opera, denotes a sung dramatic work of a light or comic nature, usually with a happy ending. ...


Contralto roles lie lower in the voice than mezzo-soprano, soubrette or most "belt" roles. Some other notable contralto roles include the following: A mezzo-soprano (meaning medium soprano in Italian) is a female singer with a range usually extending from the A below middle C to the F an eleventh above middle C. Mezzo-sopranos generally have a darker (or lower) vocal tone than sopranos, and their vocal range is between that... Soubrette is a term referring to a type of female role —specifically, a stock character —in opera and theatre. ...

1776 is the title of a 1969 Broadway musical and its 1972 film adaptation. ... Curtains is a musical with a book by Rupert Holmes, lyrics by Fred Ebb, and music by John Kander, based on the original book and concept by Peter Stone. ... Follies is a musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim and a book by James Goldman. ... Follies is a musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim and a book by James Goldman. ... 42nd Street was a hugely successful Broadway stage musical, loosely based on the movie of the same name. ... This article is about the stage musical. ... Into the Woods is an award-winning musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim and book by James Lapine. ... Cabaret is a musical with a book by Joe Masteroff, lyrics by Fred Ebb, and music by John Kander. ... Cabaret is a musical with a book by Joe Masteroff, lyrics by Fred Ebb, and music by John Kander. ... Avenue Q is a Tony award-winning musical that was conceived by Robert Lopez and Jeff Marx, who wrote the music and lyrics. ... The Pirates of Penzance, or The Slave of Duty, is a Gilbert and Sullivan comic operetta in two acts. ... A Little Night Music is a musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim and book by Hugh Wheeler. ... A Little Night Music is a musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim and book by Hugh Wheeler. ... Les Misérables programme from Palace Theatre purchased for £3 in July 2003. ... Les Misérables programme from Palace Theatre purchased for £3 in July 2003. ... Die Dreigroschenoper, original German poster from Berlin, 1928. ... Godspell is a 1970 play by John-Michael Tebelak. ... Damn Yankees is a musical comedy, a modern retelling of the Faust legend set during the 1950s (when the New York Yankees dominated Major League Baseball), in Washington, D.C., with a script by George Abbott and Douglass Wallop and music and lyrics by Richard Adler and Jerry Ross. ... Avenue Q is a Tony award-winning musical that was conceived by Robert Lopez and Jeff Marx, who wrote the music and lyrics. ... Wicked may refer to: Look up wicked in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Gypsy: A Musical Fable is a musical with music by Jule Styne, lyrics by Stephen Sondheim. ... Chicago is a Kander and Ebb musical set in prohibition era Chicago. ... Ragtime is a musical with a book by Terrence McNally, lyrics by Lynn Ahrens, and music by Stephen Flaherty. ... Hairspray is a Tony-winning musical, based on the 1988 John Waters movie Hairspray. ... Sweeney Todd, the Demon Barber of Fleet Street is a Tony Award-winning musical with a book by Hugh Wheeler and music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim. ... For other uses, see Anything Goes (disambiguation). ... Bye Bye Birdie is a Tony Award-winning musical with a book by Michael Stewart, lyrics by Lee Adams, and music by Charles Strouse. ... Chicago is a Kander and Ebb musical set in prohibition era Chicago. ... A Chorus Line is a musical with a book by James Kirkwood, Jr. ... Babes in Arms is a 1937 musical theater production which tells the story of a boy who puts on a show to avoid being sent to a work farm. ... Dreamgirls is a Broadway musical, which opened on December 20, 1981 at the Imperial Theatre. ... Sunset Boulevard is a musical with book and lyrics by Don Black and Christopher Hampton and music by Andrew Lloyd Webber. ... Rent is a rock musical, with music and lyrics by Jonathan Larson[1] based on Giacomo Puccinis opera La bohème. ... Hairspray is a Tony-winning musical, based on the 1988 John Waters movie Hairspray. ...

Notable Altos

Classical and Operatic Contraltos

Classical and operatic singers are singers who have regularly performed unamplified classical or operatic music in concert halls and/or opera houses.

Marian Anderson (February 27, 1897 – April 8, 1993),[1] was an American contralto, perhaps best remembered for her performance on Easter Sunday, 1939 on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. // Anderson was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Marianne Brandt, family name Marie Bischof (1842-1921) was a German operatic singer. ... Clara Butt (1872-1936) was an operatic singer. ... Lili Chookasian is an American contralto of the mid-20th century. ... Kathleen Ferrier Kathleen Mary Ferrier CBE (22 April 1912 – 8 October 1953) was an English contralto born in Blackburn, and later moved with her family to Higher Walton, Lancashire. ... Maureen Forrester (born July 25, 1930 in Montreal, Quebec) is a Canadian contralto. ... Jane Froman (American actress and singer) was born on November 10, 1907, in University City, Missouri, USA, the daughter of Anna T Barcafer and Elmer Ellsworth Froman. ... Margarethe Klose, (born August 06, 1902 in Berlin as Frida Klose, died December 14, 1968, Berlin), was a German opera singer (Alto). ... Ewa Podles is a Polish-born Contralto, whose amazing repertoire ranges from Handels Giulio Cesare (Cesare) to songs by Shostakovich. ... Ernestine Schumann-Heink (15 June 1861 - 17 November 1936) was a well-known operatic contralto, noted for the great control, tone, beauty, and wide range of her singing. ... Nathalie Stutzmann is a contemporary opera singer, renowned for her extraordinary control and the rare richness of her contralto voice. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

Contemporary and Crossover Altos

Helen Folasade Adu (born 16 January 1959), MBE, known professionally as Sade (IPA pronunciation: ), is a Nigerian-born Grammy Award-winning English soul, jazz, R&B, and adult contemporary singer, songwriter, composer, and record producer, noted for her soulful, smoky contralto. ... Fiona Apple McAfee Maggart (born September 13, 1977) is an American singer-songwriter. ... Anita Baker (born January 26, 1958) is a eight-time Grammy Award-winning, multi-Platinum rhythm and blues and soul singer and songwriter, renowned for her soaring alto vocal range. ... Toni Michelle Braxton (born October 7, 1968 in Severn, Maryland) is an American R&B singer, songwriter, and actress who was popular during the 1990s. ... Karen Anne Carpenter (March 2, 1950 – February 4, 1983) was a successful American singer and drummer. ... For other uses, see Carpenter (disambiguation). ... Tracy Chapman (born March 30, 1964) is an American singer-songwriter, best known for her singles, Fast Car, Talkin Bout a Revolution, Baby Can I Hold You and Give Me One Reason. She is a multi-platinum and multi-Grammy Award-winning artist. ... This article is about Cher, the entertainer. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Taylor Dayne (born Leslie Wunderman, March 7, 1962, in Baldwin, Nassau County, New York) is an American pop vocalist, dance artist and actress. ... Desree (born Desiree Weeks, 30 November 1968, London [1]) is one of Britains most successful pop/soul singers throughout the 1990s. ... Mama Cass Elliot (September 19, 1941 _ July 29, 1974), born Ellen Naomi Cohen, was a noted American singer who performed with The Mamas & the Papas. ... Melissa Lou Etheridge (born May 29, 1961 in Leavenworth, Kansas) is a Grammy- and Academy Award-winning American rock musician. ... Lilian Garcia Lilian Garcia (born August 19, 1973) is a singer, who also works as a ring announcer for World Wrestling Entertainment on its RAW brand. ... Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; June 10, 1922 - June 22, 1969) was an Academy Award-nominated American film actress and singer, best known for her role as Dorothy Gale in The Wizard of Oz (1939). ... Lisa Gerrard (born April 12, 1961) is an Australian musician, singer and composer who gained international renown as part of the music group Dead Can Dance with Irish former partner Brendan Perry. ... Jennifer Holliday (born Jennifer-Yvette Holliday on October 19, 1960 in Riverside, Texas) is an American singer and actress. ... Etta James (born Jamesetta Hawkins on January 25, 1938) is an American blues, soul, R&B, and jazz singer and songwriter. ... Grace Jones (born Grace Mendoza on May 19, 1948, in Spanish Town, Jamaica) is a model, singer and actress. ... Norah Jones (born Geethali Norah Jones Shankar on March 30, 1979 in Brooklyn, New York) is an American singer-songwriter, musician and occasional actress of half Indian descent. ... Wynonna Ellen Judd (born May 30, 1964) is an American country music singer. ... Alicia Keys (born Alicia J. Augello-Cook on January 25, 1980[1][2]) is an American R&B and soul singer, songwriter, pianist, record producer, actress, philanthropist, and author who has sold over twenty million albums worldwide and has won numerous awards, including nine Grammy Awards, eleven Billboard Music Awards... Diana Jean Krall, OC, OBC (born November 16, 1964) is a Grammy award-winning Canadian jazz pianist and singer. ... Kathryn Dawn Lang, OC (born November 2, 1961), best known by the stage name k. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Annie Lennox (born Ann Lennox on 25 December 1954) is a Scottish musician and vocalist. ... Kimberley Dawn Locke (born January 3, 1978 in Hartsville, Tennessee) is an American adult contemporary pop/R&B singer and plus-size fashion model. ... Liza Minnelli (born March 12, 1946) is an American actress and singer. ... Not to be confused with Ann Murray. ... Stephanie Lynn Stevie Nicks (born May 26, 1948) is an American singer and songwriter, best known for her work with Fleetwood Mac and a long solo career, which collectively have produced over twenty Top 40 hits. ... Nicole Prescovia Elikolani Valiente Scherzinger (also known as Nicole Kea) (born June 29, 1978), is an American singer, dancer, songwriter and occasional actress best known for her work as the lead vocalist for the Pussycat Dolls. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Lisa Marie Presley (born February 1, 1968) is an American singer/songwriter, who is the only daughter of Elvis Presley and Priscilla Beaulieu Presley. ... Cristina Adriana Chiara Scabbia[1] (born June 6, 1972 in Milan, Italy) is one of two vocalists in the Italian gothic metal band Lacuna Coil. ... Carly Elisabeth Simon (born June 25, 1945 in New York City) is an Academy Award, Golden Globe and two-time Grammy Award winning American musician who emerged as one of the leading lights of the early 1970s singer-songwriter movement. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Toni Tennille (born, Cathryn Antoinette Tennille on May 8, 1940, in Montgomery, Alabama) is one-half of the 1970s Grammy Award winning duo Captain & Tennille. ... Tina Turner (born Anna Mae Bullock) November 26, 1939) is an 11 time Grammy Award-winning (sharing three), American Singer, Dancer, Record Producer, Executive Producer, Film Producer, Actress, Writer, Performer, Songwriter, Author and occasional Painter whose career has spanned from 1956 to present. ... Kate KT Tunstall (born 23 June 1975) is a Scottish singer and songwriter. ... Bonnie Tyler (real name Gaynor Hopkins), born on June 8, 1951 in Skewen in Wales, United Kingdom is a pop/rock singer. ... Eunice Kathleen Waymon, better known by her stage name Nina Simone (February 21, 1933 – April 21, 2003), was an American singer, songwriter, pianist, arranger and civil rights activist. ... Christine Perfect redirects here. ... Amy Winehouse (born Amy Jade Winehouse on 14 September 1983) is an English soul, jazz, and rhythm and blues singer and songwriter. ... Marie Dionne Warrick (born December 12, 1940), known professionally as Dionne Warwick, is an acclaimed five-time Grammy Award-winning African American singer best known for her work with Hal David and Burt Bacharach as songwriters and producers. ... Tionne Tenise T-Boz Watkins (born April 26, 1970 in Des Moines, Iowa) is an African-American R&B singer; the lead singer of the successful group TLC. She has also worked as an actress, appearing in Hype Williams 1998 film Belly. ... TLC was an American music group, whose repertoire spans R&B, hip hop and pop. ... Also see the Arab singer Latifa Dana Elaine Owens (born March 18, 1970 in Newark, New Jersey) is a Grammy-winning American rapper/singer, model, and Academy Award-nominated actress. ...

See also

Voice type, often called Fach (pl. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The German Fach (pl. ... This article is about Opera, the art form. ...

External links

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ [3]
  4. ^ [4]
  5. ^ Martin, Bill (2002). Pro Secrets Of Heavy Rock Singing. Sanctuary Publishing, Page 9. ISBN 1-86074-437-0. 
  6. ^ [5]
  7. ^ [6]
  8. ^ [7]
  9. ^ [8]
  10. ^ Brun-Lambert. Nina Simone, het tragische lot van een uitzonderlijke zangeres, pp. 56. 

Sources

  • The Oxford Dictionary of Opera, by John Warrack and Ewan West (1992), 782 pages, ISBN 0-19-869164-5

  Results from FactBites:
 
Xerox Alto - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1049 words)
The Alto keyboard was lacking the underscore key, which had been appropriated for the left-arrow character used in Mesa for the assignment operator.
Technically, the Alto was a small minicomputer, but it could be considered a personal computer in the sense that it was used by a single person sitting at a desk, in contrast with the mainframes and other minicomputers of the era.
The Alto is also visible in the background of American TV and Film productions in the late 1970's and early 1980's most often in the office sets, where the Alto's portrait screen and WYSIWYG format finding a natural niche in the page- and typestting of newspapers.
Alto - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (546 words)
In music, an alto or contralto is a singer with a vocal range somewhere between a tenor and a mezzo-soprano.
The majority however define contralto and alto as synonyms, and assign the adjectives light and dark, with a dark alto being a female of tenor range, while a light alto, commonly referred to as simply alto, to include mezzo-sopranos as well.
The word, "alto", is often applied to instruments to indicate their range in relation to other instruments of the same group.
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