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Encyclopedia > Alternative journalism
Topics in Journalism is a discipline of collecting, verifying, reporting and analyzing information gathered regarding current events, including trends, issues and people. Those who practice journalism are known as journalists. Journalism is sometimes called the first draft of history. Even though news articles are often written on deadline, they are usually edited... Journalism . (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Journalism&action=edit)
Professional concepts

Journalism ethics
Objectivity is frequently held to be essential to proper journalism (particularly in the United States); however, there is some disagreement about what the concept consists of. Definitions According to some, it refers to the prevailing ideology of newsgathering and reporting that emphasizes eyewitness accounts of events, corroboration of facts with... Objectivity & In journalism attribution is the identification of the source of reported information. Journalists ethical codes normally address the issue of attribution, which is sensitive because in the course of their work journalists may receive information from sources who wish to remain anonymous. In investigative journalism important news stories often depend... Attribution
News is the reporting of current events usually by local, regional or mass media in the form of newspapers, television and radio programs, or sites on the World Wide Web. News reporting is a type of journalism, typically written or broadcast in news style. Most news is investigated and presented... News & the News trade
A reporter is a type of journalist who researches and presents information in certain types of mass media. Reporting is usually distinguished from similar work, such as writing in general, by news judgment (determining newsworthiness) and journalism values (such as objectivity). Reporters get their information in a variety of ways... Reporting & Writing

Styles and types

A journalist is a person who practices journalism. Reporters are one type of journalist. They create reports as a profession for broadcast or publication in mass media such as newspapers, television, radio, magazines, documentary film, and the Internet. Reporters find the sources for their work; the reports can be either... Journalists & Investigative journalism is a branch of journalism that usually concentrates on a very specific topic, and typically requires a lot of work to yield results. The classic example is the uncovering of the Watergate Scandal by Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, resulting in reports being published in the Washington Post... Investigation
Citizen journalism, also known as participatory journalism is the act of citizens playing an active role in the process of collecting, reporting, analyzing and disseminating news and information, according to the seminal report, We Media: How Audiences are Shaping the Future of News and Information, by Shayne Bowman and Chris... Citizens & Advocacy journalism aims to persuade through fact-telling. It rejects the notion of objectivity, instead exposing bias to the reader and expressing explicit opinions on the subject matter. The general goal is to present facts in such a compelling, well-researched manner that even a skeptical reader or one who... Avocacy
Alternative news & This article is about a type of web application. For information on records of web server activity, see server log. A weblog, Web log or simply a blog, is a web application which contains periodic posts on a common webpage. These posts are often but not necessarily in reverse chronological... Blogs
In American English, a muckraker is a journalist or an author who searches for and exposes scandals and abuses occurring in business and politics. In International English it has a similar root meaning but is highly pejorative. The term muckraker is most properly applied to American reporters and writers from... Muckraking, Gonzo Journalism is a journalistic style, most famously used by Hunter S. Thompson. The name was coined by Bill Cardoso. Central to Gonzo Journalism is the notion that journalism can be more truthful without strict observance of traditional rules of factual reportage. The best work in the genre is characterised... Gonzo & New journalism was a style of journalism invented by Tom Wolfe who, when having trouble writing an assignment, sent his editor an unstructured narrative letter rather than the tight piece usually expected of a journalist of that time. This letter was published under the title There Goes (Varoom! Varoom!) That... "New" style |

The news media is a term used to describe print media (newspapers, magazines); broadcast media (radio stations, television stations, television networks), and often Internet-based media (World Wide Web pages, weblogs). Usually the term includes all working journalists and is often used by those who would make generalizations about the... News media

Reading the newspaper: Brookgreen Gardens Pawleys Island, South Carolina A newspaper is a lightweight and disposable publication, usually printed on low-cost paper called newsprint, containing a journal of current news in a variety of topics. These topics can include political events, crime, sports, opinion, weather. Newspapers also often include... Newspapers | This article is about the magazine as a published medium. For other meanings, see magazine (disambiguation) A collection of magazines Magazines A magazine is a periodical publication containing a variety of articles on various subjects. Magazines are typically published weekly, biweekly, monthly, or quarterly, with a date on the cover... Magazines | Journalism is a discipline of collecting, verifying, reporting and analyzing information gathered regarding current events, including trends, issues and people. Those who practice journalism are known as journalists. Journalism is sometimes called the first draft of history. Even though news articles are often written on deadline, they are usually edited... Broadcasting | Business journalism includes coverage of companies, the workplace, personal finance, and economics, including unemployment and other economic indicators. Business coverage gained prominence in the 1990s, with wider investment in the stock market. The Wall Street Journal focuses on business and is one of the USAs top newspapers, in both... Business | Online |

Marketing influence

Infotainment (a portmanteau word formed from information and entertainment), also known as soft news, provides information in a way that is entertaining to its viewers. The information in infotainment programming consists of mostly celebrity news and human drama. Categories: Stub ... Infotainment,
Yellow journalism is a type of journalism in which sensationalism triumphs over factual reporting. This may take such forms as the use of colorful adjectives, exaggeration, a careless lack of fact-checking for the sake of a quick breaking news story, or even deliberate falsification of entire incidents. The sensationalized... Yellow journalism
Distorted news or planted news are terms in journalism for two deviated aspects of the wider news media wherein media outlets deliberately present false data, evidence, or sources as factual, in contradiction to the ethical practices in professional journalism. It applies to any media organization wherin either corporate or government... Distorted news
A video news release (VNR) is a television video program used to promote or publicize a product or viewpoint. They are often created in the same style as traditional television news reports, which has led to some notable confusion. In 2004, a controversy with the Bush administration emerged when a... Video news release

See also

Topics & Books
The term Fourth Estate refers to the press, both in its explicit capacity of advocacy and in its implicit ability to frame political issues. The term goes back at least to Thomas Carlyle. Primary meaning of the term In Carlyles On Heroes and Hero Worship (1841), he writes, ... does... Fourth estate, McLurg's Law

As long as there has been For other uses of the word Media see media (disambiguation). Mass media is the term used to denote, as a class, that section of the media specifically conceived and designed to reach a very large audience (typically at least as large as the whole population of a nation state). It... media there has been alternative media. The line between the two is not always clearly defined.


Proponents of alternative media often argue that the mainstream media is heavily biased. Causes of this bias include the political interests of the owners, government influence or the profit motive. While sources of alternative media are also frequently highly (and sometimes proudly) biased, the bias tend to be different, hence 'alternative'.


Authors such as Louis Althusser (October 19, 1918 - October 23, 1990) was a Marxist philosopher. He was born in Algeria and studied at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, where eventually he became Professor of Philosophy. He was a leading academic proponent of the French Communist Party and his arguments were a... Louis Althusser and Noam Chomsky at Harvard in 2002. Getty Images/William B. Plowman Avram Noam Chomsky (born December 7, 1928) is an Institute Professor of linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and creator of the Chomsky hierarchy, a classification of formal languages. His works in generative linguistics contributed significantly to the... Noam Chomsky have written in detail about the problems of the mainstream press, and their writings have inspired the creation of many alternative press efforts. Many current alternative press sources share values on The copyright symbol is used to give notice that a work is covered by copyright. A copyright is a form of intellectual property which secures to its holder the exclusive right to produce copies of his or her works of original expression, such as a literary work, movie, musical work... copyright with the Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. Openness, open content, and communal are other related topics. This article deals mostly with computer software. Open source or open-source software (OSS) is any... open source movement.


Examples of alternative media include both print and electonic forms: Z Magazine is an independent monthly magazine focusing on political, cultural, social, and economic life in the United States and considered to be very left-wing. Among its writers are Noam Chomsky and Barbara Ehrenreich. Z Magazine is available in print and online. The print magazine is most often sixty... Z Magazine, Cover of first issue Traditions Magazine is an American independent quarterly journal of international folklore and cultural traditions. The magazine made its debut in October 2004. Its stated mission is to provide innovative and well-researched information to its readers by offering an opportunity to explore folk traditions using both... Traditions Magazine, The Independent Media Center, also called Indymedia or the IMC, is a loose network of amateur or alternative media organizations and journalists who organize into decentralized collectives, normally around geographic locations. Indymedia users, by and large, tend to follow a liberal/leftist or sometimes libertarian political ideology. It was started... Indymedia, CounterPunch, Altermedia and Commondreams.


See also

  • In the modern age, the free press has taken on multiple meanings. The invention, and use of radio, including pirate radio stations, video and personal computers have increased the flow of information around the world. In some large media structures; other corporations, banking institutions, and socio-political groups have a... Free press
  • Alternative Press is a music magazine focusing on goth and punk music. In the words of the magazine: Since its debut as a photocopied fanzine handed out at a punk show in 1985, A.P. has been the publication where the honest word, the correct word, the authoritative word has... Alternative press
  • Under the broad heading of the alternative press are several subcategories including periodicals published by groups, movements, or individuals affiliated with the U.S. political left. As the word press implies, these are printed publications, as opposed to electronic forms of alternative media. A large number of alternative and radical... Alternative press (U.S. political left)
  • Under the broad heading of the alternative press are several subcategories including periodicals published by groups, movements, or individuals affiliated with the U.S. political right. As the word press implies, these are printed publications, as opposed to electronic forms of alternative media. As with the Left, the American Right... Alternative press (U.S. political right)
  • The phrase underground press, especially underground newspapers (or simply underground papers) is, these days, most often used in reference to the print media associated with the countercultural movements of the late 1960s and early 1970s, although publishers of those journals had borrowed the name from previous underground presses such as... Underground press
  • An alternative weekly, alternately referred to as an alternative newsweekly or alternative newspaper, is a form of alternative media newspaper found in many centres in the United States and Canada. They are commonly independent of larger media conglomerates, though exceptions exist. They are found in most large urban centres in... Alternative weekly
  • Advocacy journalism aims to persuade through fact-telling. It rejects the notion of objectivity, instead exposing bias to the reader and expressing explicit opinions on the subject matter. The general goal is to present facts in such a compelling, well-researched manner that even a skeptical reader or one who... Advocacy journalism

External links

  • Currents of Awareness (http://coanews.org)
  • RINF: Alternative Media & News (http://www.rinf.com)
  • Commondreams (http://www.commondreams.org)
  • Dissident Voice (http://www.dissidentvoice.org)
  • Indymedia (http://www.indymedia.org)
  • Zmag (http://www.zmag.org)
  • CounterPunch (http://www.counterpunch.org)
  • Altermedia (http://www.altermedia.info)
  • Indymedia (http://www.indymedia.org)
  • The News Standard (http://newstandardnews.net)
  • SchNEWS (http://www.schnews.org.uk)

[1] (http://www.undergroundactionalliance.org)


  Results from FactBites:
 
Journalism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (425 words)
News-oriented journalism often is described as the "first draft of history." Even though journalists often write news articles to a deadline, news media usually edit and proofread the results prior to publication.
Journalism has as its main activity the reporting of events -- stating who, what, when, where, why and how, and explaining the significance and effect of events or trends.
Journalism exists in a number of media: newspapers, television, radio, magazines and, since the end of 20th century, the Internet.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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