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Encyclopedia > Alternative comics

The term "alternative comics" is one of several labels applied to a range of comics that have appeared since about 1980, in the wake of the underground comix movement of the late 1960s and early 70s. Typically, these are authored independently by a single creator; they are aimed at adult readers and are often formally experimental. The works in question have variously been labelled "post-underground," "independent," "small press," "new wave," or "art comics." Many self-published "minicomics" also fall under the "alternative" umbrella. Alternative Comics is a comics publisher located in Gainesville, Florida. ... Comics (or, less commonly, sequential art) is a form of visual art consisting of images which are commonly combined with text, often in the form of speech balloons or image captions. ... Mr. ... The Dun Emer Press in 1903 with Elizabeth Yeats working the hand press Small press is a term often used to describe publishers who typically specialize in genre fiction, or limited edition books or magazines. ... A minicomic is a small, creator-published comic book, often photocopied and stapled or with a handmade binding. ...


Alternative comics present an alternative to the "mainstream" comics which in the past have dominated the US comic book industry (such as the superhero-themed products of Marvel and DC comic companies). DC and Marvel comics are typically produced by a team of workers operating on tight deadlines: a writer, a penciler, an inker, a letterer, a colorist, and an editor. The subject matter and style of "mainstream" comics is in large part dictated by their publisher, who hires the personnel to produce the comics according to well established conventions of a genre. By contrast, alternative comics are often independently authored and drawn by a few (or even just one) creator and they are published when deemed complete, with little regard for regular distribution schedules. Where the content of "mainstream" comics is influenced by corporate managers attempting to maximize sales, "alternative" comics are often published in small numbers in any way the author(s) deem fit or based on what the author can afford financially as many alternative comics are self published. By being focused on the more specialized audiences, it often allows the production of material which may at times be found obscure or offensive by a general audience. For other uses, see Superhero (disambiguation). ... This article is about the comic book company. ... DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. ...


The term alternative comics has also been used to refer to comic books not published by one of the major companies. The content of some of these comic books, such as those published by Dark Horse Comics, Image Comics and others is not fundamentally different from mainstream super hero comic books. The term alternative mainstream may be used to differentiate these types of comics from 'true' alternative comics. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image Comics is an American comic book publisher. ...

Contents

From underground to alternative

The hippie counterculture, and the underground comix distribution system associated with it, had largely collapsed by the late 1970s. At that juncture, the artists who had emerged as part of the comix underground found it increasingly difficult to find publishers, and those who did continue to publish found that their audience had shrunk dramatically. For the British TV show, see Hippies (TV series). ... Counterculture (also counter-culture) is a sociological word used to describe the values and norms of behavior of a cultural group, or subculture, that run counter to those of the social mainstream of the day,[1] the cultural equivalent of political opposition. ... Mr. ...


Two of the leading artists of underground comix addressed this situation in the early 1980s by starting magazines that anthologized new, artistically ambitious comics. RAW, a lavishly produced, large format anthology that was clearly intended to be seen as a work of art was founded by artist Art Spiegelman and his wife Françoise Mouly in 1980. Another magazine, Weirdo, was started by the leading figure in underground comix, Robert Crumb, in 1981. Mr. ... Cover to RAW volume 1, number 1 (July 1980). ... Art Spiegelman (born February 15, 1948) is an American comics artist, editor, and advocate for the medium of comics, best known for his Pulitzer Prize-winning comic memoir, Maus. ... Françoise Mouly (b. ... For other uses, see Weirdo (disambiguation). ... Robert Dennis Crumb (born August 30, 1943), often credited simply as R. Crumb, is an American artist and illustrator recognized for the distinctive style of his drawings and his critical, satirical, subversive view of the American mainstream. ...


Both of these magazines reflected changes from the days of the underground comix. They had different formats from the old comix, and the selection of artists differed, too. RAW featured many European artists, Weirdo included photo-funnies and strange outsider art-type documents. The underground staples of sex, drugs and revolution were much less in evidence. More emphasis was placed on developing the craft of comics drawing and storytelling, with many artists aiming for work that was both subtler and more complex than was typical in the underground. This was true of much of the new work done by the established comix artists as well as the newcomers: Spiegelman's Maus, much celebrated for bringing a new seriousness to comics, was serialized in RAW. Adolf Wölflis Irren-Anstalt Band-Hain, 1910 The term Outsider Art was coined by art critic Roger Cardinal in 1972 as an English synonym for Art Brut (which literally translates as Raw Art or Rough Art), a label created by French artist Jean Dubuffet to describe art created... Art Spiegelman (born February 15, 1948) is an American comics artist, editor, and advocate for the medium of comics, best known for his Pulitzer Prize-winning comic memoir, Maus. ... For other uses, see Maus (disambiguation). ...


While fans also argue over the origins of self-publishing in the comics industry, most agree that Dave Sim was an early leader in this area. Starting in 1977, he primarily wrote, drew and published Cerebus the Aardvark, on his own under the "Aardvark-Vanaheim Inc." imprint. Sim is known for his activism in favor of creators' rights and his outspoken nature in regards to the industry. He often used the back of his comic to deliver "messages from the President", which were sometimes editorials concerning the comics industry and self-publishing. David Victor Sim (born May 17, 1956 in Hamilton, Ontario) is a Canadian comic book writer and artist, best known as the creator of the 6,000 page graphic novel Cerebus the Aardvark. ... Cerebus the Aardvark, or simply Cerebus (pronounced Sehr-uh-bus[1]), is an award-winning independent comic book, written and illustrated by Canadian artist Dave Sim, with backgrounds by fellow Canadian Gerhard. ... Self-publishing is the publishing of books or other media by those who have written them. ...


The publishing house Fantagraphics, a small company, headed by Gary Groth and Kim Thompson, gave readers information about what independent comic books existed through The Comics Journal and also reprinted a number of historical comics that had fallen into obscurity. They published the work of a new generation of artists, notably Love and Rockets by the brothers Jaime, Gilbert and Mario Hernandez. Fantagraphics Books is an American publisher of alternative comics, underground comics, classic comic strip anthologies, magazines, and graphic novels located in the Maple Leaf neighborhood of Seattle, Washington. ... Gary Groth (born 1954) is an American comic book publisher, critic, editor in chief of the Comics Journal and co-founder of Fantagraphics Books. ... The cover of TCJ #115 (April 1987) celebrated their court victory in defending a libel suit. ... Love and Rockets (often abbreviated L&R) is a black and white comic book series by Gilbert Hernandez and Jaime Hernandez, sometimes cited jointly as Los Bros Hernandez. ... Jaime (sometimes spelled Xaime) Hernandez (born 1959) is the co-creator of the black & white independent comic Love and Rockets (along with his brothers Gilbert and Mario). ... Gilbert Hernandez (born February 1, 1957), also known as Gilberto Hernandez (pronounced /heel-bear-toe/) or simply Beto (pronounced /beh-toe/), is along with his brothers Jaime and Mario a co-creator of the black and white independent comic Love and Rockets, published by Fantagraphics Books. ... This article needs translation. ...


Alternative comics have increasingly established themselves within the larger culture, as evidenced by the success of the feature film Ghost World based on one of the best selling alternative titles, Eightball, by Daniel Clowes and the cross-genre success of the book Jimmy Corrigan, the Smartest Kid on Earth, by Chris Ware, a story that was serialized in Ware's comic, Acme Novelty Library. Ghost World is a 2001 film by Terry Zwigoff, based on a graphic novel by Daniel Clowes, also titled Ghost World. ... Eightball is an alternative comic book series written and drawn by Daniel Clowes. ... Daniel Gillespie Clowes (born April 14, 1961 in Chicago, Illinois) is an Academy Award-nominated American author, screenwriter and cartoonist of alternative comic books, most notably Eightball (1989-present), an anthology of self-contained narratives and serialized graphic novels (one of which, Ghost World, was published separately in 1997. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The cover to the collected edition of Jimmy Corrigan by Chris Ware Franklin Christenson Ware (born December 28, 1967) is an American comic book artist and cartoonist, best-known for a series of comics called the Acme Novelty Library, and a graphic novel, Jimmy Corrigan, the Smartest Kid on Earth. ... The cover ACME Novelty Library issue 15 Acme Novelty Library is a singular and artistically adventurous comic book created by Chicago cartoonist Chris Ware and published by Fantagraphics Books. ...


Notable alternative comics

American Splendor #1 cover American Splendor is a series of autobiographical comic books and graphic novels written by Harvey Pekar and drawn by a variety of artists. ... Harvey Pekar on the cover of American Splendor: Portrait of the Author in his Declining Years Harvey Pekar (pronounced /ar-vay pea-kar/) (born October 8, 1939 in Cleveland, Ohio) is a U.S. underground comic book writer. ... Johnny Ryan (1970 - ) is an American alternative comics creator. ... Sophie Crumb (b. ... Blab! is the name of a comic book anthology. ... Award wining illustrator Tomer Hanuka was born in Israel. ... Asaf Hanuka is an Israeli illustrator and comic book artist, notable for his collaborations with his twin brother Tomer and his work with Etgar Keret in both Hebrew and English. ... Etgar Keret (born 1967) is an Israeli writer residing in Tel Aviv. ... Bone is an independently published comic book series, originally serialized in 55 irregularly-released issues from 1991 to 2004, notable as one of the longest-running self-published comic book series by a single writer/artist. ... Jeff Smith is an American cartoonist, best known as the creator of the self-published comic book series Bone. ... Cover of Saccos Palestine (2001) Joe Sacco (born 1960) is a Maltese comics artist and journalist. ... Cerebus the Aardvark, or simply Cerebus (pronounced Sehr-uh-bus[1]), is an award-winning independent comic book, written and illustrated by Canadian artist Dave Sim, with backgrounds by fellow Canadian Gerhard. ... David Victor Sim (born May 17, 1956 in Hamilton, Ontario) is a Canadian comic book writer and artist, best known as the creator of the 6,000 page graphic novel Cerebus the Aardvark. ... Look up clumsy, clumsiness in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Jeffrey Brown (born 1975) is a comic book writer and artist born in Grand Rapids, Michigan. ... For other uses, see The Crow (disambiguation). ... James OBarr (born 1960, Detroit, Michigan) is the creator of the comic book series, The Crow. ... Doofus is an alternative comic by Rick Altergott about two foolish creeps, Doofus and his pal Henry Hotchkiss, and their adventures in Flowertown U.S.A. Admirers of Doofus praise it as one of the 20th centurys last great humor strips. ... Screenshot of Rick Altergotts website. ... Evan Dorkin is an American comics artist. ... Julie Doucet (born December 31, 1965 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada) is a Canadian underground cartoonist, best known for her autobiographical works such as Dirty Plotte and My New York Diary. ... Drawn and Quarterly is a Canadian comic book publishing company, headed by publisher Chris Oliveros, and based in Montréal, Québec. ... David Greenberger is an American writer and radio commentator best known for his Duplex Planet series of zines, comic books, CDs, and radio plays. ... Several characters in Dykes To Watch Out For. ... Alison Bechdel (born September 10, 1960) is an American cartoonist. ... Eastman and Lairds Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles was a comic book that first appeared in 1984, written and illustrated by Kevin Eastman and Peter Laird. ... Kevin Baines Eastman (born May 30, 1962) is an American comic book artist. ... Peter Alan Laird (born January 27, 1954 in North Adams, Massachusetts) is an American comic book artist. ... Eightball is an alternative comic book series written and drawn by Daniel Clowes. ... Daniel Gillespie Clowes (born April 14, 1961 in Chicago, Illinois) is an Academy Award-nominated American author, screenwriter and cartoonist of alternative comic books, most notably Eightball (1989-present), an anthology of self-contained narratives and serialized graphic novels (one of which, Ghost World, was published separately in 1997. ... lAscension du Haut Mal, Tome 1 Epileptic is the English title of Lascension du haut mal, an autobiographical graphic novel by David B., originally published in French by LAssociation in six volumes from 1996 to 2003. ... lAscension du Haut Mal, Tome 1 David Beauchard (born February 9, 1959), who uses the pen name David B., is a French comic book artist and writer, and one of the founders of LAssociation. ... Frank is a cartoon character created by Jim Woodring. ... Jim Woodring (born October 11, 1952) is a comic book author and artist. ... Flaming Carrot Comics is a surrealist comic book by Bob Burden originally published by Aardvark-Vanaheim, then by Renegade Comics and Dark Horse Comics between 1984 and 1993. ... Bob Burden is the creator of The Flaming Carrot. Categories: Eisner Award winners | Comics creator stubs ... Gloomcookie is a goth comic series created and written by Serena Valentino (Nightmares and Fairytales) and co-created by Ted Naifeh, who also illustrated the comic’s first 6 issues. ... Serena Valentino is a comic book writer, based in San Francisco, who is responsible for such comics as Gloom Cookie and Nightmares & Fairy Tales. ... For other uses, see Grendel (disambiguation). ... Mage: The Hero Defined cover by Matt Wagner Grendel: Devil Tales cover by Matt Wagner Matt Wagner (born 1961) is an American comic book writer and artist best known as the creator of two irregular series, Mage and Grendel. ... Hate is a humorous, cynical, semi-autobiographical comic book by Peter Bagge, published by Fantagraphics Books. ... Peter Bagges first one-man comics anthology (there would be many more) was first published by Fantagraphics in the mid-1980s, and introduced the unsuspecting public to Bagges manic style of cartooning and black-humoured prose. ... Cover of Apocalypse Nerd 1 ©Peter Bagge used with permission Apocalypse Nerd is a six part comic book series created by Peter Bagge and published by Dark Horse Comics. ... Peter Bagge is an American comics artist and creator of Hate, Neat Stuff, Martini Baton, and Sweatshop. ... Tom Hart is an American comics creator best knowsn for his Hutch Owen series of comics. ... Tom Hart is a fucker best known for his Hutch Owen series of comics. ... Lauren Weinstein is an American comic book artist. ... Johnny the Homicidal Maniac. ... (JCV) redirects here. ... Jennifer Camper is an American comics artist, graphic artist and editor residing in Brooklyn, New York. ... Dean Haspiel (born 1967 in New York City) is a comic book artist living in Brooklyn, New York. ... Josh Neufeld at his drawing table Josh Neufeld (b: 1967, New York City) is an alternative cartoonist known for his fact-based comics on subjects like international travel and finance, as well as his collaborations with writers like Harvey Pekar and David Greenberger. ... King-Cat Comics and Stories, authored and self-published by John Porcellino, is one of the longest-running and most critically acclaimed series of xeroxed mini-comics ever published. ... John Porn seller is a popular creator of minicomics. ... With its appealing blend of diverse cartooning styles and offbeat humor, Legal Action Comics carries on in the tradition of ground-breaking underground comics like Zap Comix, Arcade and Raw. ... Danny Hellman (born August 2, 1964) is a freelance illustrator and cartoonist nicknamed Dirty Danny. ... Lenore: Noogies Lenore, the Cute Little Dead Girl is a fictional character created by Roman Dirge, inspired by the poem Lenore, by Edgar Allan Poe. ... Roman Dirge (born on April 29, 1972) is an artist and magician, and the creator of the Lenore comic-book series. ... Trade paperback collecting the first four issues of the Little Gloomy comic series. ... Landry Walker (born September 1, 1971), is a writer living in El Sobrante, California. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... Brian Wood (born January 29, 1972) is a writer, illustrator, and graphic designer living in Brooklyn, New York. ... Ryan Kelly (born January 29, 1976) is an American comic book artist living in Saint Paul, MN. He graduated from the Minneapolis College of Art and Design in 1998 where he studied under comic book artist Peter Gross. ... Love and Rockets is a black and white comic book series by Gilbert Hernandez and Jaime Hernandez -- sometimes cited jointly as Los Bros. ... Gilbert Hernandez (born February 1, 1957), also known as Gilberto Hernandez (pronounced /heel-bear-toe/) or simply Beto (pronounced /beh-toe/), is along with his brothers Jaime and Mario a co-creator of the black and white independent comic Love and Rockets, published by Fantagraphics Books. ... Jaime (sometimes spelled Xaime) Hernandez (born 1959) is the co-creator of the black & white independent comic Love and Rockets (along with his brothers Gilbert and Mario). ... Sam Henderson (born in 1969 in Brooklyn, New York, United States) is an American independent cartoonist, writer and expert on American comedy history. ... For other uses, see Maus (disambiguation). ... Art Spiegelman (born February 15, 1948) is an American comics artist, editor, and advocate for the medium of comics, best known for his Pulitzer Prize-winning comic memoir, Maus. ... A meatcake is simply a meatloaf that is designed to appear as if it were actually a traditional cake. ... Darcy Megan Stanger, (born 1971 in Caldwell, Idaho), known professionally as Dame Darcy, is an American graphic artist, cartoonist, and musician. ... Meathaus is a comics anthology created by the Meathaus Collective, created by a group of artists who attended New York Citys School of Visual Arts in or around 2000. ... Meathaus is a comics anthology created by the Meathaus Collective, created by a group of artists who attended New York Citys School of Visual Arts in or around 2000. ... James Kochalka is a cartoonist and rock musician who was born May 26th, 1968 and grew up in Springfield, Vermont. ... Milk and Cheese is a comic book by Evan Dorkin. ... Evan Dorkin is an American comics artist. ... Naughty Bits is a comic book series created by Roberta Gregory and published by Fantagraphics Books. ... Roberta Gregory (born 1953, Los Angeles, California, United States) is an American comic book writer and artist best known for her character Bitchy Bitch from her series Naughty Bits. ... Non or non can refer to: Look up non in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Jordan Crane (born 8 September 1973), is an American comics creator. ... Interior page from Optic Nerve #6 (February 1999). ... Adrian Tomine (born 1974) is a popular Gen X cartoonist is perhaps best known for his periodical illustrations in The New Yorker. ... Cover of Owly: Splashin Around with Owly behind the bush and Wormy on his head. ... Cover to the short story Owly: Splashin Around. ... Palookaville: Palookaville was a concert venue in Santa Cruz, CA opened by Michael Horne. ... Seth is the pen name of Gregory Gallant (born September 16, 1962), a Canadian comic book artist and writer. ... Palestine is the title of a graphic novel written and drawn by Joe Sacco about his experiences in the West Bank. ... Cover of Saccos Palestine (2001) Joe Sacco (born 1960) is a Maltese comics artist and journalist. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Joe Matt. ... Persepolis is a French-language autobiographical graphic novel by Marjane Satrapi that describes her childhood in Iran during the overthrow of the Shah. ... Marjane Satrapi (Persian: مرجان ساتراپی) (born 1969 in Rasht, Iran) is an Iranian-born French [1] [2] contemporary graphic novelist, illustrator and childrens book author. ... One of the founders of the New York City-based Meathaus Collective, alternative comics artist Farel Dalrymple has been published in a variety of mediums, including his own award-winning work, Pop Gun War from Dark Horse Comics. ... Band: Suicidal Tendencies CD: Prime Cuts Parental Advisory: Yes In-Print: Yes Released Year: 1997 Number Of Discs: 1 Genre: Punk, Heavy Metal, and thrash Recorded Between: 1983-1995 Tracks You Cant Bring Me Down Join The New Army Lovely Institutionalized Gotta Kill Captain Stupid Berserk! I Saw Your... Gary Groth (born 1954) is an American comic book publisher, critic, editor in chief of the Comics Journal and co-founder of Fantagraphics Books. ... Cover to RAW volume 1, number 1 (July 1980). ... Art Spiegelman (born February 15, 1948) is an American comics artist, editor, and advocate for the medium of comics, best known for his Pulitzer Prize-winning comic memoir, Maus. ... Shiza film poster Shiza a. ... Ivan Brunetti (b. ... Scott Pilgrim Volume 1 cover Scott Pilgrim is a comedy/action/romance comic series by Bryan Lee OMalley, intended to eventually consist of six manga-sized black-and-white graphic novels. ... Bryan Lee OMalley (born 21 February 1979) is a comic book creator and music artist (as Kupek and in the band Honey Dear) from Canada. ... Marc Bell (July 15, 1956-), in Brooklyn, New York. ... James Kochalka is a cartoonist and rock musician who was born May 26th, 1968 and grew up in Springfield, Vermont. ... Rafael Navarro is an independent American comic-book artist best known for creating the series, Sonambulo, which cleverly blends elements of Lucha Libre and the noir genre. ... Stephen is a male first name. ... Doug Allen is a writer who has worked in the comics industry. ... Dennis Wordens alternative comics caught the publics attention in the early 80s, via Robert Crumbs Weirdo anthology. ... Strangers in Paradise volume 3, issue 1 alternate cover. ... Terry Moore is a comic book author and illustrator. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: garbage If you disagree with its speedy deletion, please explain why on its talk page or at Wikipedia:Speedy deletions. ... Stephen R. Bissette (also known as Steve Bissette) is a comics artist and publisher best known for working with writer Alan Moore and inker John Totleben on the DC comic Swamp Thing in the 1980s. ... cover art to Tank Girl: The Odyssey Tank Girl is a British comic character written by Alan Martin and originally drawn by Jamie Hewlett; currently by Ashley Wood. ... Jamie Hewlett is joint creator of Tank Girl and a member of Gorillaz. ... cover art to Tank Girl: The Odyssey Tank Girl is a British comic character written by Alan Martin and originally drawn by Jamie Hewlett; currently by Ashley Wood. ... Kaz may refer to: Kaz Hirai, the President and COO of Sony Computer Entertainment Inc. ... For other uses, see Weirdo (disambiguation). ... Robert Dennis Crumb (born August 30, 1943), often credited simply as R. Crumb, is an American artist and illustrator recognized for the distinctive style of his drawings and his critical, satirical, subversive view of the American mainstream. ... Peter Bagge is an American comics artist and creator of Hate, Neat Stuff, Martini Baton, and Sweatshop. ... Aline Kominksy-Crumb is an underground comix artist most famous for her autobiographical stories of growing up in New York during the 1960s. ... Yummy Fur is also a comic book written by Chester Brown and published by Drawn and Quarterly. ... Chester Brown (born May 16, 1960) is a Canadian independent cartoonist. ... Zero Zero is a synth band, formed out of the New Jersey punk band Lifetime by Lifetime members Dave Palaitis-guitar & vocals (aka Dave Idea), Ari Katz-vocals & drums, and Katzs wife Tannis Kristjanson (aka Miss TK)-vocals & keyboards. ... Zot This article is about the comic book. ... Scott McCloud (born Scott McLeod on June 10, 1960) is an American cartoonist and a leading popular scholar of comics as a distinct literary and artistic medium. ...

Notable alternative comics publishers (past & present)

Alternative Comics is a comics publisher located in Gainesville, Florida. ... LAssociation is a French publishing house which publishes comics. ... Caliber Comics or Caliber Press was an American comic book publisher founded in 1989 by Gary Reed. ... Comico - The Comic Company was an American comic book company, headquartered in Norristown, Pennsylvania. ... Conundrum press is the name of two book publishing companies in North America. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Drawn and Quarterly is a Canadian comic book publishing company, headed by publisher Chris Oliveros, and based in Montréal, Québec. ... Eclipse Comics was an American comic book publisher, one of several influential indendent publishers during the 1980s. ... Fantagraphics Books is an American publisher of alternative comics, classic comic strip anthologies, magazines, graphic novels, and the adult-oriented Eros Comix imprint. ... First Comics was an American publisher of comic books. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Highwater Books was a small but influential independent comic book publisher based in Somerville, MA, noted for its arty editorial direction and production values under publisher Tom Devlin. ... Image Comics is an American comic book publisher. ... Last Gasp is a comics publisher and book distributor based in San Francisco, California. ... Malibu Comics was a comic book publisher in the late 1980s and early 1990s, best known for its Ultraverse line of superhero titles. ... Oni Press (founded 1997) is an independent comic book publisher based in Portland, Oregon. ... Pantheon Books was an American publishing company that was acquired by Random House in 1961. ... Slave Labor Graphics logo Slave Labor Graphics or commonly SLG, is an independent American comic book publisher, which is well-known for publishing darkly humorous, offbeat comics such as Jhonen Vasquezs Johnny the Homicidal Maniac and Squee!, or Roman Dirges Lenore, the Cute Little Dead Girl, and The... Top Shelf Productions is one of the critically-acclaimed independent press publishers of graphic novels and comics, owned by publishers Chris Staros and Brett Warnock. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Alternative comics
  • The Comics Journal
  • Read Yourself RAW
  • Time.comix: Andrew D. Arnold
Indie, an abbreviation of independent, is a term regarding a trend seen in music, film, business and subculture originating in the late 20th century. ... A fanzine (see also: zine) is a nonprofessional publication produced by fans of a particular cultural phenomenon (such as a literary or musical genre) for the pleasure of others who share their interest. ... An Amateur Press Association or APA is a group of people who produce individual pages or magazines that are sent to a Central Mailer for collation and distribution to all members of the group. ... The Dun Emer Press in 1903 with Elizabeth Yeats working the hand press Small press is a term often used to describe publishers who typically specialize in genre fiction, or limited edition books or magazines. ... A minicomic is a small, creator-published comic book, often photocopied and stapled or with a handmade binding. ... Minicomics Co-Ops: The United Fanzine Organization, or UFO, is a co-op of minicomic creators that has existed since about 1968. ... In popular music, independent music, often abbreviated as indie, is a term used to describe independence from major commercial record labels and an autonomous, do-it-yourself approach to recording and publishing. ... An independent record label is variously described as a record label operating without the funding (or outside the organizations) of the major record labels, and/or a label that subscribes to indie philosophies such as DIY and anti-corporate art. ... Categories: Wikipedia cleanup | Stub ... An independent film, or indie film, is a film that is produced outside of the studio system. ... Home Movies is a dialogue-driven animated series about 8-year-old Brendon Small (voiced by the creator, head writer, and lead musician of Home Movies Brendon Small), who makes films with his friends, Melissa and Jason, in his spare time. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... An independent station is a television station that is not affiliated with any network. ... Grindhouse redirects here. ... The double feature, also known as a double bill, was a motion picture industry phenomenon in which theatre managers would exhibit two films for the price of one, supplanting an earlier format in which one feature film and various short subject reels would be shown. ... The King of the Bs, Roger Corman, produced and directed The Raven (1963) for American International Pictures. ... This is a history of the early decades of the B movie, from its roots in the silent era through Hollywoods Golden Age of the 1930s and 1940s. ... This is a history of B movies in the 1950s. ... This is a history of B movies in the 1960s and 1970s. ... This is a history of B movies from the 1980s to the present. ... Z-movie (or Grade-Z movie) is a term applied to films with an extremely low budget and a miserable quality. ... A classic midnight movie in every sense of the term, Tod Brownings Freaks (1932) is the sort of (then) obscure horror film shown on late-night TV beginning in the 1950s; in the 1970s and early 1980s it was a staple of midnight screenings at theaters around the U... Software cracking is the modification of software to remove protection methods: copy prevention, trial/demo version, serial number, hardware key, CD check or software annoyances like nag screens and adware. ... The scene (often capitalised) is a term used by people belonging to various communities (social groups) dealing with software to describe the more extensive community that they collectively belong to. ... Homebrew is a term frequently applied only to video games that are produced by consumers on proprietary game platforms; in other words, game platforms that are not typically user-programmable, or use proprietary hardware for storage. ... An amateur adventure game is a freeware computer game belonging to the adventure genre. ... An indie role-playing game is a role-playing game published outside of traditional, mainstream means. ... -1... Independent soda is soft drink generally made by smaller privately run businesses or smaller corporations who use alternative marketing strategies to promote their product. ... For other meanings, see Homebrew. ... The indie design movement is made up of independent designers, artists and craftspeople who design and make a wide array of products without being part of large, industrialized businesses. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Comics (1955 words)
The comic book industry may not be what it used to be (oh, how I miss Jimmy Olsen and Lois Lane), but the alternative scene is as robust and alive as ever.
Comics and cartoons are understandable to just about everyone, and they have a long and important history within the popular culture.
Comic book characters really have a life of their own, and fans of comic book characters like to participate by helping bring these characters to life.
ALTERNATIVE COMICS (2701 words)
At the same time that the traditional comics industry is imploding, so-called "alternative" comics are booming, despite the fact they have no clearly defined market or distribution system beyond the comics shops, most of which still cater to pimply adolescents seeking garishly colored pictures of big-breasted women and men in tights.
The circulations of alternative comics magazines are tiny, really - most of the "successful" ones sell in the neighborhood of 1 or 2 percent of the top-selling superhero magazines, or about 1/10 what a marginal superhero magazine needs to keep from being cancelled.
There are many economic reasons why this might be disastrous for many of the creators of today's alternative comics, but it might be the only way the medium can finally be taken seriously, to move out of the ghetto of the comics shop, with its big-breasted posters and geeky clerks* and into the real bookstores.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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