Alternative Judaism refers to several varieties of modern Judaism which fall outside the common Orthodox/Non-Orthodox (Reform/Conservative/Reconstructionist) classification of the four major streams of todays Judaism. These are combinations of Jewish culture and often symbolism with non_Jewish religions and philosophies. Commonly they are treated as Christians by jews. The chief alternative Jewish movements are:
There are also a number of non_Jewish movements that consider themselves to be Israelites due to proported connectiosn to the Lost Ten Tribes, such as the Anglo_Israelism movement. These groups are not generally made up of Jews, and, in some cases deny that the current Jews are connected to the ancient Israelites.
AlternativeJudaism refers to some groups of people who, while identifying as Jews in some fashion, nevertheless do not view themselves as conforming to Judaism as practiced by most Jews.
Alternative forms of "Judaism" are nothing new in Jewish history, and have appeared in the past in such forms as the Sabbateans and Frankists which fell outside the common Orthodox/Non-Orthodox (Reform/Conservative/Reconstructionist) classification of the four major streams of today's recognized Jewish denominations.
Messianic Judaism, a number of organizations (as well as unaffiliated individuals) who are religiously Christian (often much of the membership in such organizations is not actually Jewish).
The first evidence of this great dogmatic schism was the development of the Reform Judaism movement, rejected "ethnic Judaism" and preferred to regard Judaism as a religion rather than an ethnicity or a culture.
Hasidic Judaism eventually became the way of life for many Jews in Europe; it came to the United States during the large waves of Jewish emigration in the 1880s.
Some of the reasons for the rejection of Hasidic Judaism were the overwhelming exuberance of Hasidic worship; their untraditional ascriptions of infallibility and alleged miracle-working to their leaders, and the concern that it might become a messianic sect.
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