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Encyclopedia > Altered States

Altered States is the name of both a novel (ISBN 0060107278) and a film adaptation of that novel, both written by Paddy Chayefsky. It was the only novel that Chayefsky ever wrote, and his final film. Both novel and film are based on Dr. John C. Lilly's sensory deprivation research conducted in isolation tanks and sometimes under the influence of drugs like LSD. Although Chayefsky never contacted Lilly directly, Lilly liked the film version, and noted the following in an Omni magazine interview published in January 1983: Image File history File links Altered_States. ... Image File history File links Altered_States. ... Daniel Defoes Robinson Crusoe; title page of 1719 newspaper edition A novel (from French nouvelle, new) is an extended fictional narrative in prose. ... Sidney Aaron Chayefsky (January 29, 1923 – August 1, 1981) known as Paddy Chayefsky was an acclaimed dramatist who transitioned from the golden age of American live television in the 1950s to have a successful career as a playwright and screenwriter for Hollywood. ... John Lilly John Cunningham Lilly (January 6, 1915 – September 30, 2001) was a pioneer researcher into the nature of consciousness using as his principal tools the isolation tank, dolphin communication and psychedelic drugs, sometimes in combination. ... A prisoner at the United States Camp X-ray facility at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba being subjected to sensory deprivation, through the use of ear muffs, visor, breathing mask and heavy mittens. ... An isolation tank (also commonly known as a sensory deprivation tank) is (ideally) a lightless, soundproof tank in which subjects float in salty water (denser than the human body) at skin temperature. ... A psychoactive drug or psychotropic substance is a chemical that alters brain function, resulting in temporary changes in perception, mood, consciousness, or behavior. ... For other uses, see LSD (disambiguation). ... Omni was a magazine that contained articles on science fact and short works of science fiction. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

The scene in which the scientist becomes cosmic energy and his wife grabs him and brings him back to human form is straight out of my Dyadic Cyclone (1976, ISBN 067122218X).

As for the scientist's regression into an ape-like being, the late Dr. Craig Enright, who started me on K (ketamine) while taking a trip with me here by the isolation tank, suddenly "became" a chimp, jumping up and down and hollering for twenty-five minutes. Watching him, I was frightened. I asked him later, "Where the hell were you?" He said, "I became a pre-hominid, and I was in a tree. A leopard was trying to get me. So I was trying to scare him away." Ketamine is a general dissociative anaesthetic for human and veterinary use. ... Type Species Simia troglodytes Blumenbach, 1775 Species Pan troglodytes Pan paniscus Chimpanzee, often abbreviated to chimp, is the common name for two species in the genus Pan. ... Genera Subfamily Ponginae Pongo - Orangutans Gigantopithecus (extinct) Sivapithecus (extinct) Lufengpithecus (extinct) Ankarapithecus (extinct) Subfamily Homininae Gorilla - Gorillas Pan - Chimpanzees Homo - Humans Dryopithecus (extinct) Ouranopithecus (extinct) Paranthropus (extinct) Australopithecus (extinct) Sahelanthropus (extinct) Orrorin (extinct) Ardipithecus (extinct) Kenyanthropus (extinct) Pierolapithecus (extinct) (tentative) The hominids are the members of the biological family Hominidae...

The manuscript of The Scientist (1978 ISBN 0397012748, updated in 1988 and reissued in 1996, ISBN 0914171720) was in the hands of Bantam, the publishers. The head of Bantam called and said, "Paddy Chayefsky would like to read your manuscript. Will you give him your permission? I said, "Only if he calls me and asks permission." He didn't call. But he probably read the manuscript. A publisher is a person or entity which engages in the act of publishing. ...

Some of the events portrayed in this film seem to be based on the studies of the French surrealist and author Antonin Artaud; the protagonist visits a tribe of isolated Mexican Indians and participates in their sacred ritual involving local hallucinogens for the purpose of investigating the common religious experience. Much of the setting of this part of the film also appears to be based on Artaud's description of the natural, although seemingly man-made landscape of the Indians; in the movie, this was represented by huge stone mushrooms. Antonin Artaud Antonin Artaud (September 4, 1896–March 4, 1948) was a playwright, actor, and director. ... Basidiocarps (mushrooms) of the fungus Leucocoprinus sp. ...

The film, released in 1980, was directed by Ken Russell, after Arthur Penn resigned in a dispute with Chayefsky. Starring William Hurt (in his screen debut), Blair Brown, Charles Haid and Bob Balaban, it is Russell's most serious, and arguably his best, film. It was also the film debut of Drew Barrymore. As in the novel, the film concerns a university scientist named Dr. Edward Jessup (Hurt) obsessed with discovering the origin and meaning of life through direct observation. He undergoes a series of bizarre transformations induced by his sensory-deprivation experiments. Each time the scientist transforms, he genetically regresses to an evolutionarily earlier form of life. At one stage the scientist becomes a wild, neanderthal-like humanoid, and later a sort of giant amoeba. Ultimately the doctor devolves into a swirling primordial mass, only to be rescued by his wife and restored to his humanity. Classical composer John Corigliano was Oscar-nominated for the score. 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Henry Kenneth Alfred Russell, known as Ken Russell (born July 3, 1927) is a controversial British film director, particularly known for his films about famous composers. ... Arthur Penn (born September 27, 1922 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is a film director of thoughtful films that dont always find an audience. ... William Hurt in Lost in Space. ... Blair Brown (born 23 April 1946 in Washington, District of Columbia) is an acclaimed stage actress who has also reached a broader audience with her television and film work, particularly, in the 1980s. ... Charles Maurice Haid III (born June 2, 1943 in San Francisco, California) is an American actor and director, who has worked in both movies and television. ... Bob Balaban (born August 16, 1945 in Chicago) is an American actor and director. ... Drew Barrymore, in Riding in Cars with Boys (2001). ... A prisoner at the United States Camp X-ray facility at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba being subjected to sensory deprivation, through the use of ear muffs, visor, breathing mask and heavy mittens. ... Genetics (from the Greek genno γεννώ= give birth) is the science of genes, heredity, and the variation of organisms. ... Generally, regression is a move backwards; It is the opposite of progress. ... A speculative phylogenetic tree of all living things, based on rRNA gene data, showing the separation of the three domains, bacteria, archaea, and eukaryotes. ... Binomial name †Homo neanderthalensis King, 1864 The Neanderthal (Homo neanderthalensis) or Neandertal was a species of the Homo genus that inhabited Europe and parts of western Asia from about 230,000 to 29,000 years ago, during the Middle Paleolithic period. ... The term humanoid refers to any being whose body structure resembles that of a human. ... Amoeba (also spelled ameba) is a genus of protozoa that moves by means of temporary projections called pseudopods, and is well-known as a representative unicellular organism. ... For temporary granting of powers see Devolution Devolution is a term sometimes erroneously used to refer to the evolution of a species into more primitive forms. ... The introduction of this article does not provide enough context for readers unfamiliar with the subject. ... Mass is a property of a physical object that quantifies the amount of matter it contains. ... This article is about modern humans. ... John Corigliano (born February 16, 1938) is an American composer of classical music. ... Academy Awards The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent film awards in the United States. ...

Altered States is also the title of the American edition of Ken Russell's autobiography (ISBN 0553078313).

See also

This is a list of counterculture films made in the 1960s, 1970s, and later. ... Body horror is term applied to works of horror based on a sense of physical wrongness in the body. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Altered state of consciousness - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (243 words)
An altered state of consciousness is any state which is significantly different from a normative waking beta wave state.
An altered state of consciousness can come about accidentally through fever, sleep deprivation, starvation, oxygen deprivation, nitrogen narcosis (deep diving), or a traumatic accident.
Naturally occurring altered states of consciousness include dreams, euphoria, ecstasy, psychosis as well as controversial premonitions, out of body experiences, channeling.
Altered States of Consciousness (978 words)
Altered states of consciousness generally include alterations in both the content and functioning of the consciousness, usually experienced by an individual and observed by others watching him.
Frequently altered states of consciousness either are induced personally or by others which may or may not produce lasting effects.
This is a state can vary from a light sleep to a coma which enables the shaman to see and do things in a nonordinary reality which he cannot do in the ordinary reality of a waking state.
  More results at FactBites »



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