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Encyclopedia > Altay Mountains
Golden Mountains of Altai*
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Top of the Belukha, Altay Mountains
State Party Russian Federation
Type Natural
Criteria x
Reference 768
Region Europe
Inscription History
Inscription 1998  (22nd Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
† Region as classified by UNESCO.

The Altay Mountains (Russian: Алтай; Mongolian: Алтай, Altai) are a mountain range in central Asia, where Russia, China, Mongolia and Kazakhstan come together, and where the great rivers Irtysh, Ob and Yenisei have their sources. Altay Mountains are known as the Turkic peoples birthplace. The northwest end of the range is at 52° N and between 84° and 90° E (where it merges with the Sayan Mountains to the east), and extends southeast from there to about 45° N 99° E, where it gradually becomes lower and merges into the high plateau of the Gobi Desert. Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (869x567, 101 KB) Top of the Belucha - Altay Mountains photo taken by de:User:Stefan Kühn in summer 2001 first upload: May 17, 2003 - de:Wikipedia by the photographer File links The following pages link to this file: Altay Mountains... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Europe. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... The Himalaya as seen from the International Space Station A mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ... Small Text For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... This bridge across the Danube River links Hungary with Slovakia. ... Irtysh (Иртыш ; Kazakh: Ertis / Эртiс ; Tatar: Ä°rteÅŸ / Иртеш ; Chinese: Erqisi / 额尔齐斯河) a river in Central Asia, the chief tributary of the river Ob. ... Ob (also Obi, Russian Обь) is a river in West Siberia, Russia, the countrys fourth longest. ... Енисей Length 5,550 (4,102) km Elevation of the source m Average discharge 19,600 m³/s Area watershed 2,580,000 km² Origin  ? Mouth Arctic Ocean Basin countries Russia The Yenisei basin, Lake Baikal, and the cities of Dikson, Dudinka, Turukhansk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk... This article is about the various peoples speaking one of the Turkic languages. ... Lake Gornyh Duhov Western Sayan, Ergaki mountains The Sayan Mountains (Russian: , Sayany) are a mountain range in southern Siberia, Asia. ... The Gobi Desert lies in the territory of the Peoples Republic of China and the Country of Mongolia. ...


The name, in Turkic Alytau or Altay, means Al (gold), tau (mount); in Mongolian Алтайн нуруу Altain nuruu, the "Mountains of Gold". The proposed Altaic language family takes its name from the mountain range. The Turkic languages are a group of closely related languages that are spoken by a variety of people distributed across a vast area from Eastern Europe to Siberia and Western China. ... Altaic is a proposed language family which includes 66 languages [1] spoken by about 348 million people, mostly in and around Central Asia and northeast Asia. ...

Contents

Geography

Map of the Altay mountain range
Map of the Altay mountain range

In the north of the region is the Sailughem Mountains, also known as Kolyvan Altai[dubious ], which stretch northeast from 49° N and 86° E towards the western extremity of the Sayan Mountains in 51° 60' N and 89° E. Their mean elevation is 1,500 to 1,750 m. The snow-line runs at 2,000 m on the northern side and at 2,400 m on the southern, and above it the rugged peaks tower up some 1,000 m more. Mountain passes across the range are few and difficult, the chief being the Ulan-daban at 2,827 m (2,879 m according to Kozlov), and the Chapchan-daban, at 3,217 m, in the south and north respectively. On the east and southeast this range is flanked by the great plateau of Mongolia, the transition being effected gradually by means of several minor plateaus, such as Ukok 2380 m with Pazyryk valley, Chuya 1,830 m, Kendykty 2,500 m, Kak 2,520 m, Suok 2,590 m, and Juvlu-kul 2,410 m. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Altay Mountains (Russian: ; Mongolian: , Altai) are a mountain range in central Asia, where Russia, China, Mongolia and Kazakhstan come together, and where the great rivers Irtysh, Ob and Yenisei have their sources. ... Lake Gornyh Duhov Western Sayan, Ergaki mountains The Sayan Mountains (Russian: , Sayany) are a mountain range in southern Siberia, Asia. ... The snow line is the point above which, or poleward of which, snow and ice cover the ground throughout the year. ... In a range of hills, or especially of mountains, a pass (also gap, notch, col, saddle, bwlch or bealach) is a lower point that allows easier access through the range. ... The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST, internally called HT-7U) is a project being undertaken to construct an experimental superconducting tokamak magnetic fusion energy reactor in Hefei, the capital city of Anhui Province, in eastern China. ... Ordinal directions are the four compass directions: northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest, located halfway between the cardinal directions. ... Image:NONE Monte Roraima In geology and earth science, a plateau, also called a high plateau or tableland, is an area of highland, usually consisting of relatively flat rural area. ... Horseman, Pazyryk felt artifact, c. ... Horseman, Pazyryk felt artifact, c. ... We dont have an article called Kak Start this article Search for Kak in. ...


This region is studded with large lakes, e.g. Uvs Nuur 720 m above sea level, Kirghiz-nor, Durga-nor and Khovd Nuur 1,170 m, and traversed by various mountain ranges, of which the principal are the Tannu-Ola Mountains, running roughly parallel with the Sayan Mountains as far east as the Kosso-gol, and the Khan-khu Mountains, also stretching west and east. A man-made lake in Keukenhof, Netherlands A lake (from Latin lacus) is a body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land. ... Satellite shot of the Uvs Nuur Basin. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... The Himalaya as seen from the International Space Station A mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ... The Tannu-Ola mountains, more properly called the Tangdy-Uula mountains (Tuvan Таңдь-Уула), are a range of mountains making the border between Tuva and Mongolia. ... Lake Gornyh Duhov Western Sayan, Ergaki mountains The Sayan Mountains (Russian: , Sayany) are a mountain range in southern Siberia, Asia. ...

Altay mountains (Belukha)
Altay mountains (Belukha)

The north-western and northern slopes of the Sailughem Mountains are extremely steep and difficult to access. On this side lies the highest summit of the range, the double-headed Belukha, whose summits reach 4,506 and 4,440 m respectively, and give origin to several glaciers (30 square kilometeres in aggregate area, as of 1911). Here also are the Kuitun (3,660 m) and several other lofty peaks. Numerous spurs, striking in all directions from the Sailughem mountains, fill up the space between that range and the lowlands of Tomsk. Such are the Chuya Alps, having an average altitude of 2,700 m, with summits from 3,500 to 3,700 m, and at least ten glaciers on their northern slope; the Katun Alps, which have a mean elevation of about 3,000 m and are mostly snow-clad; the Kholzun range; the Korgon 1,900 to 2,300 m, Talitskand Selitsk ranges; the Tigeretsk Alps, . Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (900x600, 467 KB) Altay mountains (Belukha), photo by Vít HnÄ›vkovský, 2006 Pohoří Altaj (hora BÄ›lucha) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Altay Mountains Metadata... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (900x600, 467 KB) Altay mountains (Belukha), photo by Vít HnÄ›vkovský, 2006 Pohoří Altaj (hora BÄ›lucha) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Altay Mountains Metadata... Belukha Mountain or Muztau (Russian Белуха, 4506 m), located in the Katun Range, is the highest peak of the Altai Mountains. ... Glacial and Glaciation redirect here. ... 1911 is a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Kuitun (Chinese: 奎屯; pinyin: Kuítún) is a county-level city with about 144,000 residents in Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang. ... Flag Seal Location Tomsk and Oblast on the map of Russia Coordinates , Government Oblast Tomsk Mayor Aleksandr Makarov Geographical characteristics Area     City 294,6 km²     Land   294,6 km²     Water   0 km² Population     City (end of 2005) 509,568     Density   1,730/km² Elevation +100 m Website: Municipality website Main... The Chuya Alps are part of the Altai Mountain range, straddling the border of Russia and Kazakhstan close to the region where their borders and those of China and Mongolia meet. ...


Several secondary plateaus of lower altitude are also distinguished by geographers, The Katun valley begins as a wild gorge on the south-west slope of Belukha; then, after a big bend, the river (600 km long) pierces the Katun Alps, and enters a wider valley, lying at an altitude of from 600 to 1,100 m, which it follows until it emerges from the Altai highlands to join the Biya in a most picturesque region. The Katun and the Biya together form the Ob. The Biya River (Бия in Russian) is a river in the Altai Krai in Russia. ... The Katun River (Катунь in Russian) is a river in the Altai Krai in Russia. ... Ob (also Obi, Russian Обь) is a river in West Siberia, Russia, the countrys fourth longest. ...


The next valley is that of the Charysh, which has the Korgon and Tigeretsk Alps on one side and the Talitsk and Bashalatsk Alps on the other. This, too, is very fertile. The Altai, seen from this valley, presents the most romantic scenes, including the small but deep Kolyvan lake (altitude 360 m), which is surrounded by fantastic granite domes and towers. A granite dome is a dome of granite, formed by exfoliation. ...


Farther west the valleys of the Uba, the Ulba and the Bukhtarma open south-westwards towards the Irtysh. The lower part of the first, like the lower valley of the Charysh, is thickly populated; in the valley of the Ulba is the Riddersk mine, at the foot of the Ivanovsk Peak (2,060 m), clothed with alpine meadows. The valley of the Bukhtarma, which has a length of 320 km, also has its origin at the foot of the Belukha and the Kuitun peaks, and as it falls some 1,500 m in about 300 km, from an alpine plateau at an elevation of 1,900 m to the Bukhtarma fortress (345 m), it offers the most striking contrasts of landscape and vegetation. Its upper parts abound in glaciers, the best known of which is the Berel, which comes down from the Byelukha. On the northern side of the range which separates the upper Bukhtarma from the upper Katun is the Katun glacier, which after two ice-falls widens out to 700 to 900 metres. From a grotto in this glacier bursts tumultuously the Katun river. Emmanuel Berl - Tomb in the Cimetière du Montparnasse Emmanuel Berl (born: 2 August 1892, Le Vésinet in the Yvelines department. ...

Altai, Valley Kutsherla in Altay Mountains
Altai, Valley Kutsherla in Altay Mountains

The middle and lower parts of the Bukhtarma valley have been colonized since the 18th century by runaway Russian peasants, serfs and religious schismatics (Raskolniks), who created a free republic there on Chinese territory; and after this part of the valley was annexed to Russia in 1869, it was rapidly colonized. The high valleys farther north, on the same western face of the Sailughem range, are but little known, their only visitors being Kirghiz shepherds. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (873x588, 121 KB) From de:Bild:Altai Kutscherla-Tal. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (873x588, 121 KB) From de:Bild:Altai Kutscherla-Tal. ... The word schism (IPA: or ), from the Greek σχίσμα, skhísma (from σχίζω, skhízō, to tear, to split), means a division or a split, usually in an organization or a movement. ... Raskol (Russian раско́л, meaning split or schism) was the event of splitting of the Russian Orthodox Church into the official church and the Old Believers movement. ... Peoples Republic of China (PRC), which governs mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau; or Republic of China, which governs Taiwan, the Pescadores, the Matsu Islands, and Kinmen. ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


Those of Bashkaus, Chulyshman, and Chulcha, all three leading to the alpine lake of Teletskoye (length, 80 km; maximum width, 5 km; altitude, 520 m; area, 230.8 square kilometeres; maximum depth, 310 m; mean depth, 200 m), are inhabited by Telengit people. The shores of the lake rise almost sheer to over 1,800 m. From this lake issues the Biya, which joins the Katun at Biysk, and then meanders through the prairies of the north-west of the Altai. The Bashkaus River is widely considered on of the most challenging river for white-water rafting in the former USSR. In Russia, it is known as a Class V river. ... Chulyshman River (Russian: Чулышман) is a river in Altai Krai in Russia. ... Lake Teletskoye (Altay: Altyn-Köl) is the largest lake in the Altai mountain system and the Altai Republic, Russia. ... A Telengit is a member of an ethnic group in Russia. ... Biysk or Biisk (Russian: ) is a city in Altai Krai of Russia. ...


Farther north the Altai highlands are continued in the Kuznetsk district, which has a slightly different geological aspect, but still belongs to the Altai system. But the Abakan river, which rises on the western shoulder of the Sayan mountains, belongs to the system of the Yenisei. The Kuznetsk Ala-tau range, on the left bank of the Abakan, runs north-east into the government of Yeniseisk, while a complexus of mountains (Chukchut, Salair, Abakan) fills up the country northwards towards the Trans-Siberian railway and westwards towards the Ob. Abakan (Абака́н) a river of south-central Russia rising in the western Sayan Mountains and flowing about 514 km northeast to the Yenisei River. ... Енисей Length 5,550 (4,102) km Elevation of the source m Average discharge 19,600 m³/s Area watershed 2,580,000 km² Origin  ? Mouth Arctic Ocean Basin countries Russia The Yenisei basin, Lake Baikal, and the cities of Dikson, Dudinka, Turukhansk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk... Kuznetsk Alatau (Russian: ) is a mountain range, South Siberia, Russia between Kuznetsk Depression and Minusinsk Depression. ... Yeniseysk (Енисейск in Russian) is a town in the Krasnoyarsk Krai in Russia, located on the Yenisei River. ...

Altay mountains (Lake Kucerla)
Altay mountains (Lake Kucerla)

The Ek-tagh or Mongolian Altai, which separates the Khovd basin on the north from the Irtysh basin on the south, is a true border-range, in that it rises in a steep and lofty escarpment from the Dzungarian depression (470-900 m), but descends on the north by a relatively short slope to the plateau (1,150 to 1,680 m) of north-western Mongolia. East of 94° E the range is continued by a double series of mountain chains, all of which exhibit less sharply marked orographical features and are at considerably lower elevations. The slopes of the constituent chains of the system are inhabited principally by nomad Kirghiz. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (900x600, 420 KB) Altay mountains (Lake Kucerla), Photo by Vít HnÄ›vkovský, 2006 Altaj (jezero Kučerla) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Altay Mountains Metadata... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (900x600, 420 KB) Altay mountains (Lake Kucerla), Photo by Vít HnÄ›vkovský, 2006 Altaj (jezero Kučerla) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Altay Mountains Metadata... In geology, an escarpment is a transition zone between different physiogeographic provinces that involves an elevation differential, often involving high cliffs. ... Dzungaria (also Jungaria, Sungaria, Zungaria; Mongolian: Зүүнгар Züüngar, Chinese: 準噶爾, Russian: Džungarija) is a geographical region covering approximately 777,000 km², within the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, northwestern China. ... Orography is the average height of land, measured in geopotential meters, over a certain domain. ... A traditional Kyrgyz Manaschi performing part of the Manas epic poem at a yurt camp in Karakol Kyrgyz are a Turkic ethnic group found primarily in Kyrgyzstan. ...


World Heritage site

A vast area of 16,175 km² - Altai and Katun Natural Reserves, Lake Teletskoye, Mount Belukha and the Ukok Plateau - comprise a natural UNESCO World Heritage Site entitled Golden Mountains of Altai. As stated in the UNESCO description of the site, "the region represents the most complete sequence of altitudinal vegetation zones in central Siberia, from steppe, forest-steppe, mixed forest, subalpine vegetation to alpine vegetation". While making its decision, UNESCO also cited Russian Altai's importance for preservation of the globally endangered mammals, such as snow leopard and the Altai argali.[1] Lake Teletskoye (Altay: Altyn-Köl) is the largest lake in the Altai mountain system and the Altai Republic, Russia. ... Belukha Mountain or Muztau (Russian Белуха, 4506 m), located in the Katun Range, is the highest peak of the Altai Mountains. ... Horseman, Pazyryk felt artifact, c. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Belukha Mountain Lake Teletskoye Ukok Plateau Golden Mountains of Altai is the name of an UNESCO World Heritage Site consisting of the Altai and Katun Natural Reserves, Lake Teletskoye, Belukha Mountain, and the Ukok Plateau. ... Binomial name Schreber, 1775 Range map Synonyms Panthera uncia The Snow Leopard (Uncia uncia[1] or Panthera uncia[3]), sometimes known as the Ounce, is a large cat native to the mountain ranges of central and southern Asia. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Altai argali (Ovis ammon ammon) is a traditional subspecies of argali, wild sheep that roam the highlands of Altai Mountains. ...


Geology

Altai, Lake Kutsherla in Altay Mountains
Altai, Lake Kutsherla in Altay Mountains

The Siberian Altai represents the northern most region affected by the tectonic collision of India into Asia. Massive fault systems run through the area, including the Kurai fault zone and the recently identified Tashanta fault zone. These fault systems are typically thrusts or right lateral strike-slip faults, some of which are tectonically active. Rock types in the mountains are typically granites and metamorphic schists, and some are highly sheared near to fault zones. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (867x570, 85 KB) From de:Altai Kutscherla-See. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (867x570, 85 KB) From de:Altai Kutscherla-See. ...


Seismic activity

On 27th September 2003 a massive earthquake, measuring MW 7.3, occurred in the Chuya Basin area to the south of the Altai region. Seismic activity is however a rare occurrence. This earthquake and its aftershocks devastated much of the region, causing $10.6 million in damage (USGS) and wiping out the village of Beltir.


See also

Altai Krai (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai) in the Siberian Federal District. ... Altaic is a proposed language family which includes 66 languages [1] spoken by about 348 million people, mostly in and around Central Asia and northeast Asia. ... Altay is a language of the Turkic group of languages. ... The Princess of Altay is a mummy excavated in 1993 from the Altay Mountains in southern Siberia. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Greater Altai – Altai Krai, Republic of Altai, Tyva (Tuva), and Novosibirsk - Crossroads. Retrieved on 2006-11-30.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Altai-Project of the Technical University of Dresden - Institute of Cartography
  • Golden Mountains of Altai at Natural Heritage Protection Fund site
  • 24-days in Altai - A travel account from the south of Altai.
  • UNESCO's evaluation of Altai (PDF file)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Altay Mountains - MSN Encarta (128 words)
Altay Mountains or Altai Mountains, mountain range of Asia, extending from the headwaters of the Ob’ and Irtysh rivers in southern Siberia in Russia, into Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China and into Mongolia.
Below about 1830 m (about 6000 ft) the mountain slopes are thickly covered with trees, including cedar, pine, larch, fir, and birch.
The mountains are rich in minerals, especially coal, zinc, and lead, with some gold, iron ore, copper, silver, and tin.
Altay Mountains - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1184 words)
The Altai is a mountain range in central Asia, where Russia, China, Mongolia and Kazakhstan come together, and where the great rivers Irtysh, Ob and Yenisei have their sources.
In the north of the region is the Sailughem or Silyughema Mountains, also known as Kolyvan Altai, which stretch northeast from 49° N and 86° E towards the western extremity of the Sayan Mountains in 51° 60' N and 89° E. Their mean elevation is 1500 to 1750 m.
Mountain passes across the range are few and difficult, the chief being the Ulan-daban at 2827 m (2879 m according to Kozlov), and the Chapchan-daban, at 3217 m, in the south and north respectively.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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