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Encyclopedia > Alta California

Alta California (Upper California) was formed in 1804 when the province of California, then a part of the Spanish colony of New Spain, was divided in two along the line separating the Franciscan missions in the north from the Dominican missions in the south. The southern part became the territory of Baja California. The two territories were also alternatively called California Nueva (New California; Upper California) and California Vieja (Old California; Lower California). 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... Baja California (highlighted) Alternative use: Baja California (state) Baja California or Lower California is a peninsula in the west of Mexico. ...



Alta California—covering the land that belongs to the modern-day US states of California, Nevada, Utah, northern Arizona, and southwestern Wyoming—gained independence from Spain in 1821 upon conclusion of the Mexican War of Independence, following the war and short-lived inclusion in the First Empire (that Spain deemed illegal in 1822), but was was not recognized as one of the newly independent United Mexican States. The 1824 Constitution refers to it as one of the territories. Mexico lost control of this province following the Mexican-American War (18461848). Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Official language(s) English Capital  Sacramento Largest city  Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) English Capital Salt Lake City Largest city Salt Lake City Area  Ranked 13th  - Total 84,876 sq mi (219,887 km²)  - Width 270 miles (435 km)  - Length 350 miles (565 km)  - % water 3. ... Official language(s) English Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  Ranked 6th  - Total 113,998 sq mi (295,254 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... The coronation banquet for George IV 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Mexican Empire was the name of Mexico on two non-consecutive occasions in the 19th century when it was ruled by an Emperor. ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia Strength 7,000 - 43,000 18,000 - 40,000 Casualties KIA: 1,733 Total dead: 13,283 Wounded: 4,152 25,000 killed or wounded (Mexican government... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


War was declared by the US Congress due to actions in the Texas Republic after their annexation, and responding to calls from Northern California American residents striving for independence from Mexico City. US Army and US Navy forces entered into the territory and overpowered the remaining Mexican military units. In Southern California, the Californios formed a defensive army and were victorious after the Siege of Los Angeles and at the Battle of San Pascual, and the Battle of Dominguez Rancho, before loosing decisive encounters at the Battle of Rio San Gabriel and the Battle of La Mesa, formally ending military actions with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. California was formally ceded to the United States in 1848 by the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Official language English (de facto) Spanish, French, German and Native American languages regionally Capital Washington-on-the-Brazos (1836) Harrisburg (1836) Galveston (1836) Velasco (1836) Houston (1837–1839) Austin (1839–1845) Largest city San Antonio de Béxar Presidents David G. Burnet, Sam Houston, Mirabeau B. Lamar, Anson Jones Area... Nickname: Ciudad de los Palacios Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: Country Mexico Federal entity Federal District Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded (as Tenochtitlan) c. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... A Californio was a Spanish-speaking inhabitant of Alta California who lived there when it was a part of Mexico, before it was taken by the United States after the Mexican-American War. ... The Terra Cotta relief on the current Fort Moore Pioneer Memorial Fort Moore was a historic fort in Los Angeles, California, during the Mexican-American War. ... The Battle of San Pascual was a military encounter that occurred during the Mexican_American War in what is now San Diego County, California, on the 6 and 7 December 1846. ... Well, Mexican-American, was a very long war; it lasted for two whole years. ... Combatants United States of America Mexico Californeros Commanders Robert F. Stockton Stephen Watts Kearny José Mariá Flores Strength U.S. naval and army forces 600 sailors, marines and dragoons Californios sympathic to Mexico 300 dragoons 200 soldiers Casualties 143 80 The Battle of Rio San Gabriel was a part of... The Battle of La Mesa occurred on January 9, 1847 in present-day Vernon, in which the outgunned and outnumbered Californios (The Americans having rifles, the Californios fighting on horseback with only lances)almost gained the advantage, but they fell back and camped at present-day Pasadena, giving up Los... The Treaty of Cahuenga ended the fighting of the Mexican-American War in California. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... It has been suggested that Mexican Cession be merged into this article or section. ...


The last Mexican Governor of California was Pío Pico, who served until 1846. This is a list of pre-statehood governors of California. ... Pío de Jesus Pico Lopez (May 5, 1801–September 11, 1894) was the last Mexican Governor of Alta California, now the U.S. state of California. ...


In the second half of the nineteenth century, there was a San Francisco-based newspaper called The Daily Alta California (or The Alta Californian). Mark Twain's first widely successful book, The Innocents Abroad, was an edited collection of letters written for this publication. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910),[1] better known by the pen name Mark Twain, was an American humorist, satirist, writer, and lecturer. ... Innocents Abroad cover The Innocents Abroad, or The New Pilgrims Progress was published by American author Mark Twain in 1869. ...

Contents

Lands under Spanish rule

See also: Spanish missions in California

Under Spanish rule, all lands in California were claimed by the king of Spain, who granted them to the Roman Catholic Church and to individuals. Specifically, the Spanish constructed and funded the missions for the Franciscans of the Catholic Church to gather and convert the Native American people, presidios to house Spanish soldiers who would enforce the peace, and Spanish settlement lands. The presidios and missions were the first lands chosen and developed. The Spanish Missions in California (more simply referred to as the California Missions) comprise a series of religious outposts established by Spanish Catholic Dominicans, Jesuits, and Franciscans, to spread the Christian doctrine among the local Native Americans. ... The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus Christ and led by the Twelve Apostles, in particular Saint Peter. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... The name Catholic Church can mean a visible organization that refers to itself as Catholic, or the invisible Christian Church, viz. ... Native Americans are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States, including parts of Alaska. ...


By law, the mission land and property was to pass to the resident Native Americans of California after a period of about ten years, when the natives would become Spanish citizens. In the interim period, the Franciscans were to act as mission administrators who held the land in trust for the Natives. The Franciscans, however, prolonged this power arrangement and ran the missions for more than 60 years.[1]


Once the Spanish began to send settlers to Northern California, a grey area began to grow over the future (and boundaries) of the mission properties. Property disputes arose over the mission (and adjacent) lands, between the Spanish Crown and the Catholic Church, and also between the Natives and the Spanish settlers: There were heated debates between the Spanish State and ecclestiastical bureaucracies over the government authority of the missions.[2] Setting a precedent, an interesting petition to the Governor in 1782, the Franciscan priests of Santa Clara claimed the "missions Indians" owned both land and cattle, and represented the Natives in a petition against the Spanish settlers of the San Jose pueblo.[3] The fathers mentioned the "Indians' crops" were being damaged by the San Jose settlers' livestock, and also mentioned settlers "getting mixed up with the livestock belonging to the Indians from the mission." They also stated the Mission Indians had property and rights to defend it.[4] Nickname: Capital of Silicon Valley Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California. ...


Under Spanish rule, Southern California and the Rancho's prospered and grew with the Missions. Californio cattle ranchers and the local people evolved into a different society from the northern American settlers of the fur trapper / mining economy that developed in the Sacramento River valley. This dichotomy of evolution was reflected during the Mexican-American war where the American immigrants of the north wanted American rule and Southern California Californios wanted to maintain their lands and government as is. (Reference Historical California Adobes and Rancho San Pascual). The Californios were Spanish-speaking inhabitants of New Spain, and later Mexico, Alta California. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia Strength 7,000 - 43,000 18,000 - 40,000 Casualties KIA: 1,733 Total dead: 13,283 Wounded: 4,152 25,000 killed or wounded (Mexican government...


Flags over California

Spanish Empire, first by Juan Cabrillo in 1542, founding San Diego, north to the Russian River. Validated and mapped in 1602, by sea voyage of the San Agustin under Sebastián Vizcaíno.
St. George Cross of England, June 1579, voyage of the Golden Hind under Captain Francis Drake at Bodega Bay (exact location disputed)[citation needed]
October 1775, the Sonora at Bodega Bay, under Lt. Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra until 1821, when New Spain gained Independence from the Spanish Empire.
Russian-American Company, by Ivan Alexandrovich Kuskov, the founder of Fort Ross and, from 1812 to 1821, its colonial administrator. Note: There is an overlap of rule with the Mexican Empire (next item), until the Russians sold Fort Ross in 1841 to John Sutter, and subsequent left the area in 1842
Mexican Empire, 24 August 1821, Mexico under Emperor Agustin Iturbide (October 1822, probable time new flag raised in California) until 1823
Mexican Republic, 1823 until June 1846 at Sonoma
Bear Flag of the California Republic, June 14, 1846, at Sonoma until 9 July 1846
United States of America/California, 9 July 1846

Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Spain. ... Military flag of the Spanish Empire from the 16th century up to 1843. ... Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in Portuguese João Rodrigues Cabrilho, (ca 1499–January 3, 1543) was an explorer noted for his exploration of the west coast of North America while sailing for Spain. ... Events War resumes between Francis I of France and Emperor Charles V. This time Henry VIII of England is allied to the Emperor, while James V of Scotland and Sultan Suleiman I are allied to the French. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Americas Finest City Location Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates , Government County San Diego Mayor City Attorney         City Council District One District Two District Three District Four District Five District Six District Seven District Eight Jerry Sanders (R) Michael Aguirre Scott Peters Kevin... The Russian River downstream of Duncans Mills The Russian River rises in the coastal mountain ranges of Mendocino County, north of Ukiah in Northern California. ... This page is about the year. ... Sebastián Vizcaíno (1548-1624) was a Spanish soldier, entrepreneur, explorer, and diplomat whose varied roles took him to New Spain, the Philippines, the Baja California peninsula, Alta California, and Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... St Georges cross The St Georges Cross is a red cross on a white background. ... The Golden Hind was an English ship best known for its global circumnavigation between 1577 and 1580, captained by Sir Francis Drake. ... Sir Francis Drake, Vice Admiral, (c. ... Bodega Bay and Bodega Harbor Bodega Bay is a small shallow, sand-choked inlet of the Pacific Ocean on the coast of northern California in the United States. ... Image File history File links Spain1785. ... Bodega Bay and Bodega Harbor Bodega Bay is a small shallow, sand-choked inlet of the Pacific Ocean on the coast of northern California in the United States. ... Captain Juan Francisco Bodega y Quadra, Marina real, circa 1785. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Military flag of the Spanish Empire from the 16th century up to 1843. ... Image File history File links Romanov_Flag. ... The Russian-American Company was a semi-official colonial trading company started by Grigory Shelikhov and Nikolai Rezanov and chartered by tsar Paul I in 1799. ... Fort Ross is a former Russian fur trade outpost in what is now Sonoma County, California (United States). ... Fort Ross is a former Russian fur trade outpost in what is now Sonoma County, California (United States). ... Fort Ross is a former Russian fur trade outpost in what is now Sonoma County, California (United States). ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico_1821. ... August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. ... Agustín Cosme Damián de Iturbide y Arámburu (September 27, 1783 – July 19, 1824) was Emperor of Mexico from 1822 to 1823. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... This article is about the country in North America. ... Sonoma is a town located in Sonoma County, California, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 9,128. ... This photo is in the domain, and can be found on a number of websites. ... The modern Bear Flag of California The flag of California was first flown during the Bear Flag Revolt and was adopted by the California state legislature in 1911. ... A replica of the first Bear Flag now on display at El Presidio de Sonoma, or Sonoma Barracks, established in 1836 by Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo as a part of Mexicos strategy to halt Russian incursions into the region. ... Sonoma is a town located in Sonoma County, California, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 9,128. ... July 9 is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 175 days remaining. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Official language(s) English Capital  Sacramento Largest city  Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... A field of California golden poppies circa 1910. ...

Ranchos of California

Under Spanish rule, individual land grants were scarce. Three of the largest original ranchos first granted in 1784 by the Spanish King Carlos III were; 1784 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Charles III (January 20, 1716 – December 14, 1788) was king of Spain 1759–1788 (as Carlos III de Borbon), King of the Two Sicilies 1735–1759 (as Carlo VII), and Duke of Parma 1732–1735 (as Carlo I). ...

  • Rancho Los Nietos, granted to Manuel Nieto, stretching from the LA river on the west to the Santa Ana river on the east, from Whittier / Harbour blvds north, south to the Pacific Ocean.
  • Rancho San Antonio, granted to Jose Antonio Yorba, from the Santa Ana river west to the Arroyo /Laguna Canyon on the east, north to the Brea / Santa Ana Canyon, and south to the Pacific Ocean.

In 1830, only fifty private ranches existed in all of Alta California.[5] Juan Jose Dominguez, a Spanish soldier, came to San Diego, California with the Gaspar de Portolà expedition, and later to San Juan Capistrano and San Gabriel, with Father Juniperro Serra. ... Manhattan Beach, Brooklyn, New York Manhattan Beach, California Manhattan Beach, Minnesota Manhattan Beach March by John Phillip Sousa This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... In 1784, the largest Spanish land grant in Alta California was awarded to Manuel Nieto. ... Jose Manuel Nieto ,1734 - 1804, was a soldier from the Presidio of San Diego who was assigned to the Mission San Gabriel at the time his land was granted by the Spanish Empire in 1784. ... Rancho San Antonio was a 29,513 acre Spanish land grant to Francisco Salvador Lugo. ... José Antonio Yorba (1746-1825), known also as Don José Antonio Yorba I, was one of the important early settlers of Spanish California (then known as Alta California). ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


When California came under control of the Mexican government, the governors gained the power to grant state lands. With the new régime most lands were turned into large Mexican-owned rancherias. The missions were secularized and their land and property also redistributed by local administrators.


Few ranchos remained as they were, depending on the fortunes of the owners they were expanded, parceled out or even sold outright. Some of the more noted ranchos with their descendent communities are listed below. Alta California (Upper California) was formed in 1804 when the province of California, then a part of the Spanish colony of New Spain, was divided in two along the line separating the Franciscan missions in the north from the Dominican missions in the south. ...

Grant Granted Grantor Grantee Area(s)
Rancho San Rafael 1798 Charles IV of Spain José María Verdugo Atwater Village, Eagle Rock, Glassell Park, Glendale, Highland Park
Rancho San Antonio 1810 Ferdinand VII of Spain Antonio María Lugo Bell, Bell Gardens, Commerce, Cudahy, East Los Angeles, Lynwood, Montebello, South Gate, Vernon 119 km² (29,513 acres)
Rancho San Antonio 1820 Pablo Vicente de Solá Don Luís María Peralta Albany, Alameda, Berkeley, Emeryville, Oakland, Piedmont, San Leandro 181 km² (44,800 acres)
Rancho San Miguel 1834 Dona Juana Sanchez de Pacheco Walnut Creek, Alamo, Danville, Mt. Diablo State Park 73 km² (18,000 acres)
Rancho Rinconada de Los Gatos 1839 Jose Maria Hernandez and Sebastian Fabian Peralta Los Gatos, Monte Sereno (27 km² [6,631 acres])
Rancho San Lorenzo 1841 Juan Alvarado Guillermo Castro Castro Valley, Hayward (108 km² [26,722 acres])
Rancho San Lorenzo Baja Rancho 1842 Juan Alvarado Francisco Soto San Lorenzo
Rancho San Vicente y Santa Monica Francisco Sepulveda Brentwood, Santa Monica 134 km² (33,000 acres)
Rancho Soscol 1844 Pío Pico Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo Petaluma, Vallejo
Rancho Milpitas[6] 1835 José Castro José María Alviso Milpitas
Rancho Rosa Castilla 1850s Juan Batista Batz family University Hills (Cal State LA)
Rancho la Ballona Machado and Talamantes families Inglewood, Marina del Rey, Playa del Rey, Santa Monica (Ocean Park Dist), Venice
Rancho Boca de Santa Monica[7] Francisco Marquez and Ysidro Reyes Santa Monica 27 km² (6,656 acres)
Rancho de las Pulgas Luis Antonio Argüello San Carlos 142 km² (35,000 acres)
Rancho La Cañada Eagle Rock, La Cañada Flintridge
Rancho Santa Maria de Los Peñasquitos 1823 Francisco María Ruiz Rancho Penasquitos, San Diego
Rancho La Cañada de San Bernardo 1842 Juan Alvarado Don Jose Francisco Snook Rancho Bernardo, San Diego
Rancho Rincon del Diablo 1843 Juan Alvarado Escondido
Rancho Vallecitos de San Marcos 1840 Juan Alvarado Jose María Alvarado San Marcos

1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Charles IV (November 11, 1748 - January 20, 1819) was King of Spain from December 14, 1788 until his abdication on March 19, 1808. ... Atwater Village is a neighborhood in northeast Los Angeles, California. ... The Eagle Rock Eagle Rock is a neighborhood in northeastern Los Angeles, California. ... Glassell Park is a neighborhood district in northeastern Los Angeles, California. ... Nickname: The Jewel City Location of Glendale within Los Angeles County and the State of California. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Rancho San Antonio was a 29,513 acre Spanish land grant to Francisco Salvador Lugo. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Ferdinand VII (October 14, 1784 - September 29, 1833) was King of Spain from 1813 to 1833. ... Bell is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Bell Gardens is a city located in United States. ... Commerce is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Location of Cudahy in California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1960-11-10 [1] Area    - City  1. ... East Los Angeles (often shortened to East L.A. or East Los or in Spanish El Este) is an unincorporated area in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... County Los Angeles County, California Area  - Total 12. ... Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: State California County Los Angeles County Mayor Bob Bagwell Area    - City 21. ... Location of South Gate in California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1923-01-20 [2] Government  - Mayor Gregory Martinez [1] Area  - City  7. ... Location of Vernon, California Vernon is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Rancho San Antonio, also known as the Peralta Grant, was a 44,800-acre land grant by Governor Pablo Vicente de Solá, the last Spanish governor of California, to Don Luís María Peralta, a Spanish Army officer, in recognition of his forty years of service, on August 3... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Pablo Vicente de Solá (1761-1826), the last Spanish governor of Alta California from 1815-1822. ... Don Luís María Peralta (b. ... The city of Albany highlighted within Alameda County Albany is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ... Nickname: The Island City Location in the state of California and Alameda County County Alameda Mayor Beverly Johnson (D) Area    - City 59. ... Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern California, in the United States. ... The city of Emeryville highlighted within Alameda County Emeryville is a city located in Alameda County, California. ... Oakland, founded in 1852, is the eighth-largest city in California[1] and the county seat of Alameda County. ... The city of Piedmont highlighted within Alameda County Piedmont is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ... San Leandro is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Walnut Creek is a suburb of San Francisco and Oakland located in Contra Costa County, California, USA, in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Alamo is a census-designated place located in Contra Costa County, California. ... Danville is a town located in a part of Contra Costa County, California called the San Ramon Valley, United States. ... Mount Diablo State Park is a state park in California, USA. View of Mt. ... Rancho Rinconada De Los Gatos was the 1839 Alta California land grant of the the land where Los Gatos, California and Monte Sereno, California are today along with about a third of Campbell, California. ... 1839 (MDCCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Rancho Rinconada De Los Gatos was the 1839 Alta California land grant of the the land where Los Gatos, California and Monte Sereno, California are today along with about a third of Campbell, California. ... Rancho Rinconada De Los Gatos was the 1839 Alta California land grant of the the land where Los Gatos, California and Monte Sereno, California are today along with about a third of Campbell, California. ... Los Gatos is a town in Santa Clara County, California, United States. ... Monte Sereno is a city located in Santa Clara County, California. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Name: Juan Carlos Alvarado AKA J.C. Location: Mission, TX, United States Cashes: 8 Total Winnings: $585,661 ProRank 1 Position: 17 Age: 1808 Marital Status: Single Children: 0 Started Playing Poker: 2004 Plays on-line as PrtyPSux. ... Painting of Guillermo Castro from the Hayward Area Historical Museum collection 79. ... Castro Valley is a census-designated place (CDP) in Alameda County, California, United States. ... Hayward is a city located in the East Bay of the San Francisco Bay Area in Alameda County. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Name: Juan Carlos Alvarado AKA J.C. Location: Mission, TX, United States Cashes: 8 Total Winnings: $585,661 ProRank 1 Position: 17 Age: 1808 Marital Status: Single Children: 0 Started Playing Poker: 2004 Plays on-line as PrtyPSux. ... The location of San Lorenzo highlighted within Alameda County San Lorenzo is a census-designated place located in Alameda County, California, United States. ... Brentwood is a district in the West Los Angeles region of Los Angeles, California, United States; it is sometimes confused with Brentwood, California in the San Francisco Bay Area of Northern California. ... For other uses, see Santa Monica (disambiguation). ... Jan. ... Pío de Jesus Pico Lopez (May 5, 1801–September 11, 1894) was the last Mexican Governor of Alta California, now the U.S. state of California. ... Don Mariano Guadeloupe Vallejo (4 July 1807 - 18 January 1890) was a Californian military commander, politician, and rancher. ... This is the Balshaw Bridge which crosses over the turning basin of the Petaluma River. ... Vallejo (pronounced IPA: , vuh-LAY-oe) is a city in Solano County, California, United States. ... Rancho Milpitas was a 4,457. ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... José Castro (born Monterey, California 1808 - died February 1860) was acting governor of Alta California in 1835, and Commandante General of the Mexican army in Alta California at the time of the Bear Flag Revolt in 1846 and the Mexican-American War of 1846-1848. ... José María de Jesus Alviso (November 19, 1798 - June 18, 1853) was an early settler of the Silicon Valley in California, alcalde (mayor) of San José, and grantee of Rancho Milpitas. ... Location of Milpitas within Santa Clara County, California. ... // Production of steel revolutionized by invention of the Bessemer process Benjamin Silliman fractionates petroleum by distillation for the first time First transatlantic telegraph cable laid First safety elevator installed by Elisha Otis Railroads begin to supplant canals in the United States as a primary means of transporting goods. ... University Hills is a neighborhood in northeastern Los Angeles, California. ... Cal State LA campus California State University, Los Angeles (often shortened and referred to as CSULA or Cal State LA) is a state-run public university located in Los Angeles (near Alhambra). ... Location of Inglewood in California and Los Angeles County. ... Marina del Rey Marina del Rey (Spanish for Navy of the King, or Seacoast of the King) is a census-designated place seaside community located in an unincorporated area of Los Angeles County, California. ... Playa del Rey (Spanish for Beach of the King or Kings beach) is a community of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... For other uses, see Santa Monica (disambiguation). ... Venice Beach and Boardwalk Venice is a district in west Los Angeles, California, United States. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Santa Monica (disambiguation). ... Luis Antonio Argüello (1784 - 1830) was Californias first native-born governor. ... Downtown San Carlos San Carlos, Spanish for Saint Charles, is a city in San Mateo County, California on the San Francisco Peninsula. ... The Eagle Rock Eagle Rock is a neighborhood in northeastern Los Angeles, California. ... Location of La Cañada Flintridge in California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1976-11-30 [2] Government  - Mayor Gregory Brown [1] Area  - City  8. ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Francisco María Ruiz (1754–1839) was an early settler of San Diego, California Ruins of Ruiz-Alvarado adobe, built 1824 Ruiz was born 1754 in Loreto, Baja California. ... Northeastern area map and neighborhood boundaries Rancho Penasquitos is a community in the northeastern part of the city of San Diego, California. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Name: Juan Carlos Alvarado AKA J.C. Location: Mission, TX, United States Cashes: 8 Total Winnings: $585,661 ProRank 1 Position: 17 Age: 1808 Marital Status: Single Children: 0 Started Playing Poker: 2004 Plays on-line as PrtyPSux. ... Rancho Bernardo is a neighborhood of the city of San Diego, California, located in the county of the latters same name. ... Year 1843 (MDCCCXLIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Name: Juan Carlos Alvarado AKA J.C. Location: Mission, TX, United States Cashes: 8 Total Winnings: $585,661 ProRank 1 Position: 17 Age: 1808 Marital Status: Single Children: 0 Started Playing Poker: 2004 Plays on-line as PrtyPSux. ... For the album by J.J. Cale and Eric Clapton, see The Road to Escondido Escondido is a city located in northern San Diego County, California just north of San Diego, California, USA. The name means hidden in Spanish-- it occupies a shallow valley ringed by rocky hills. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Name: Juan Carlos Alvarado AKA J.C. Location: Mission, TX, United States Cashes: 8 Total Winnings: $585,661 ProRank 1 Position: 17 Age: 1808 Marital Status: Single Children: 0 Started Playing Poker: 2004 Plays on-line as PrtyPSux. ... San Marcos is a city located in the northern portion of San Diego County, California, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 54,977. ...

See also

Spanish and Mexican control

The Spanish colonization of the Americas began with the arrival in the Western Hemisphere of Christopher Columbus (Cristóbal Colón) in 1492. ... A field of California golden poppies circa 1910. ... The Spanish Missions of California (more simply referred to as the California Missions) comprise a series of religious outposts established by Spanish Catholic Dominicans, Jesuits, and Franciscans, to spread the Christian doctrine among the local Native Americans, but with the added benefit of giving Spain a toehold in the frontier... This is a list of pre-statehood governors of California. ... The Presidio of Monterey, located in Monterey, California, is an active US Army installation. ... The Parade Grounds at the Presidio of San Francisco. ... El Camino Real in California is historically the road built in 1769 by Father Junípero Serra to connect the Catholic missions in Alta California between Sonoma in the north, and (what is now Presidio Park in) San Diego in the south, during the Spanish colonial era, and now a... The Island of California is shown on a 1650 map by Nicolas Sanson The Island of California refers to a long-held European misconception, dating from the 16th century, that California was not part of mainland North America but rather a large island separated from the continent by the Mare...

Russian colonies

After the discovery of northern Alaska by Ivan Fedorov in 1732, and the Aleutian Islands, southern Alaska, and north-western shores of North America in 1741 during the Russian exploration conducted by Vitus Bering and Aleksei Chirikov, it took fifty years until the founding of the first Russian colony in... Fort Ross is a former Russian fur trade outpost in what is now Sonoma County, California (United States). ...

United States control

This is a list of pre-statehood governors of California. ... The first Bear Flag. ... It has been suggested that Mexican Cession be merged into this article or section. ... The Treaty of Cahuenga ended the fighting of the Mexican-American War in California. ...

References

  1. ^ Beebe, 2001, page 71; Fink, 1972, pages 63-64.
  2. ^ Milliken, 1995, page 2 footnote.
  3. ^ Milliken,1995, page 72-73
  4. ^ Milliken,1995, page 73, quoting Murguia and Pena [1782] 1955:400.
  5. ^ Fink, 1972, page 64: "Land grants were scarce; In 1830 only 50 private ranches were held in Alta California, of which 7 were in the Monterey region."
  6. ^ José Maria Alviso Adobe/Rancho Milpitas. milpitashistory.org. Retrieved on 2007 January 15.
  7. ^ Marquez, Ernest (2004). Santa Monica Beach: A Collector's Pictorial History. Angel City Press. 
  • Beebe, Rose Marie. Lands of Promise and Despair: Chronicles of Early California, 1535-1846. 2001. ISBN 1-890771-48-1.
  • Fink, Augusta. Monterey, The Presence of the Past. San Francisco, CA: Chronicle Books, 1972. ISBN 0877010723.
  • Milliken, Randall. A Time of Little Choice: The Disintegration of Tribal Culture in the San Francisco Bay Area 1769-1910. Menlo Park, CA: Ballena Press Publication, 1995. ISBN 0-87919-132-5 (alk. paper)

2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


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