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Encyclopedia > Alptigin

Alptigin (Turkic for Brave Prince) was the grandfather of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni. Alptigin was a general of Central Asian Turkic origin from Balkh who had risen from slave to general and eventually to the Governor of Khorasan based in Ghazni. The Turkic languages constitute a language family of some thirty languages, spoken across a vast area from Eastern Europe to Siberia and Western China with an estimated 140 million native speakers and tens of millions of second-language speakers. ... Mahmud and Ayaz The Sultan is to the right, shaking the hand of the sheykh, with Ayaz standing behind him. ... Central Asia is a region of Asia. ... This article is about the various peoples speaking one of the Turkic languages. ... Today Balkh (Persian: بلخ) is a small town in the Province of Balkh, Afghanistan, about 20 kilometers northwest of the provincial capital, Mazari Sharif, and some 74 km (46 miles) south of the Amu Darya, the Oxus River of antiquity, of which a tributary formerly flowed past Balkh. ... Khorasan (Persian: خراسان) (also transcribed as Khurasan and Khorassan; Horasan in Turkish) is a region located in eastern Iran. ... Ghazni (Persian: غزنی , Ğaznī) is a city in eastern Afghanistan, with an estimated population of 149,998 people. ...


Later in a political fallout over succession of the Samanids he crossed the Hindu Kush mountains to capture Ghazni, located strategically between Iran and India, and established his independence. The Samanids (875-999) (in Persian: Samanian) were a Persian dynasty in Central Asia and eastern Iran, named after its founder Saman Khoda. ... Ghazni (Persian: غزنی , Ğaznī) is a city in eastern Afghanistan, with an estimated population of 149,998 people. ...

Contents

Career

Two military families arose from the Turkic Slave-Guards of the Samanids — the Simjurids and Ghaznavids — who ultimately proved disastrous to the Samanids. The Simjurids received an appanage in the Kuhestan (Quhestan) region of southern Khorasan and Alp Tigin founded the Ghaznavid fortunes when he established himself at Ghazna (modern Ghazni, Afghanistan) in 962. This is the disambiguation page for the terms Turk, Turkey, Turkic, and Turkish. ... The Samanid dynasty (819-999) was a Persian dynasty in Central Asia, named after its founder Saman Khuda. ... The Ghaznavid Empire was a state in the region of todays Afghanistan that existed from 977 to 1186. ... Khorasan (Persian: خراسان) (also transcribed as Khurasan and Khorassan; Horasan in Turkish) is a region located in eastern Iran. ... Ghazni (Persian: غزنی , ÄžaznÄ«) is a city in eastern Afghanistan, with an estimated population of 149,998 people. ...


When the Samanid Emir Abdul Malik I, died in 961 CE it created a succession crisis between Abdul Malik's brothers. He and Abu al-Hasan Simjuri, as Samanid generals, competed with each other for the governorship of Khorasan and control of the Samanid empire by placing on the throne emirs they could dominate. Abu al-Hasan died in 961, but a new rival Fa'iq rose and eventually Mansur I was elected by the court ministers, and having backed the wrong candidate Alptigin retired from Khurasan to Ghazna, where he ruled as a largely independent sovereign, thus starting the Ghaznavid list in 962 CE. Coins of the era however show that he still nominally acknowledged the Samanid authority. The Samanids (875-999) (in Persian: Samanian) were a Persian dynasty in Central Asia and eastern Iran, named after its founder Saman Khoda. ... Entrance to the emirs palace in Bukhara. ... Abd al-Malik (d. ... The Samanids (875-999) (in Persian: Samanian) were a Persian dynasty in Central Asia and eastern Iran, named after its founder Saman Khoda. ... Khorasan (Persian: خراسان) (also transcribed as Khurasan and Khorassan; Horasan in Turkish) is a region located in eastern Iran. ... Entrance to the emirs palace in Bukhara. ... Abu Salih Mansur (d. ... Khorasan (also spelled Khurasan and Khorassan; خراسان in Persian) is an area, located in eastern and northeastern Iran. ... This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The Ghaznavid Empire was a state in the region of todays Afghanistan that existed from 977 to 1186. ... The Samanids (875-999) (in Persian: Samanian) were a Persian dynasty in Central Asia and eastern Iran, named after its founder Saman Khoda. ...


Sultan Alptigin was succeeded in 975 by his son and in 977 by son-in-law Sabuktigin. Events Coronation of King Edward the Martyr Births Deaths July 8 Edgar of England Categories: 975 ... Events Births Deaths Hunain ibn Ishaq, Egyptian physician Categories: 977 ... Abu Mansur Sebük Tigin (ca 942 - August 997) was the founder of the Ghaznavid Empire and dynasty in todays Afghanistan. ...


Legacy

Alptigin is regarded as the founder of the Ghaznavid Empire. The Ghaznavid Empire (سلسله غزنویان in Persian) was a state in the region of todays Afghanistan that existed from 962 to 1187. ...


References

Ferishta, History of the Rise of Mohammedan Power in India, Volume 1: Section 15 [1] Firishta or Ferishta (c. ...

Ghaznavid Ruler
961–975
Followed by:
Sabuktigin

The Ghaznavid Empire (سلسله غزنویان in Persian) was a state in the region of todays Afghanistan that existed from 962 to 1187. ... Abu Mansur Sebük Tigin (ca 942 - August 997) was the founder of the Ghaznavid Empire and dynasty in todays Afghanistan. ...

See also

  • Ghaznavid Empire
  • History of Afghanistan
  • History of Pakistan
  • History of India
  • History of Iran

The Ghaznavid Empire (سلسله غزنویان in Persian) was a state in the region of todays Afghanistan that existed from 962 to 1187. ... Excavation of prehistoric sites by , the University of Pennsylvania, the Smithsonian Institution and others suggests that humans were living in what is now Afghanistan at least 50,000 years ago, and that farming communities in Afghanistan were among the earliest in the world. ... The nation-state of Pakistan was established in 1947 as one of the two successor states of British India, yet the land and its people possess an extensive and continuous history that can be traced back to very ancient times. ... The history of India begins with the archaeological record of Homo sapiens ca. ... Iran is one of the worlds oldest continuous major civilizations. ...

External links

  • History of Iran: Ghaznavid Dynasty

  Results from FactBites:
 
Machmud of Ghazni - Associated Content (602 words)
His grandfather, Alptigin, was a Turk from Turkestan.
Alptigin’s slave son-in-law, Sabuktigin, took the reigns of the fledgling empire upon Alptigin’s death in 977 AD.
During his reign he extended the empire to Balkh in the north, homeland of Alptigin, to the west in Kabul (capital of modern Afghanistan) and Kandahar, and to the east at the Indus River, on the border with the sub-continent of India.
Bost (1092 words)
The regime was founded by Alptigin (died 963), a Samanid slave, who conquered the strategic mountain town of Ghazni in 962 and managed to convert it into an independent kingdom.
The greatest of the Ghaznavids, however, and the name most associated with their fleeting supremacy, was Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni, Alptigin's grandson, who despite his "lack of an illustrious lineage," as the Seljuks claimed, and his "piteous lack of preparation for leadership," successfully led numerous raids into the Punjab.
He relentlessly looted Indian cities of enormous wealth, and this he used to transform Ghazni into one of the great centers of Islamic culture.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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