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Encyclopedia > Alphonse Juin
Alphonse Pierre Juin
16 December 188827 January 1967

Baton of a modern Marshal of France
Place of birth Annaba, Algeria
Place of death Paris, France
Allegiance French Army
Years of service 1912 - 1962
Rank Général d'Armée
Commands French Expeditionary Corps
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Marshal of France
Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor

Alphonse Pierre Juin (16 December 188827 January 1967) was a Marshal of France. December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x3072, 662 KB) Work by Rama File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Marshal of France Jean de Lattre de Tassigny Metadata This file contains additional information, probably... A small beach in Annaba with the city skyline in background. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The French Army (French: Armée de Terre) is the land-based component of the French Armed Forces. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Général dArmée (Army General) is the highest active military rank of the French Army. ... The French Expeditionary Corps (French: ), also known as the French Expeditionary Corps in Italy (French: ), was an expeditionary force of the Free French Forces that fought in the Italian Campaign during World War II under the command of General Alphonse Juin. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Baton of a modern Marshal of France The Marshal of France (French: Maréchal de France) is a military distinction in contemporary France, not a military rank. ... Chiang Kai-sheks Légion dhonneur. ... December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Baton of a modern Marshal of France The Marshal of France (French: Maréchal de France) is a military distinction in contemporary France, not a military rank. ...


Juin was born at Annaba in Algeria, and enlisted in the French Army, graduating from the École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr in 1912. In 1914 he was in Morocco, in command of native troops there. Upon the outbreak of World War I, he was sent to the Western Front in France where he was gravely wounded in 1915. As a result of this wound, he lost the use of his right arm. A small beach in Annaba with the city skyline in background. ... The French Army (French: Armée de Terre) is the land-based component of the French Armed Forces. ... Cadets parading in dress uniform A cadet in formal uniform The École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr (ESM, Special Military School of St Cyr) is the foremost French military academy. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Western Front was a term used during the First and Second World Wars to describe the contested armed frontier between lands controlled by Germany to the East and the Allies to the West. ...


In 1938, Juin was nominated to command a brigade. By the outbreak of World War II, he was in command of a division, the 15th Motorised Division. The division was encircled at Lille during the Battle of France and Juin was captured. Until 1941 he was kept as a prisoner of war in German hands. However during that year he was released at the behest of the Vichy Government and was assigned by them to command French forces in north Africa. After the invasion of Algeria and Morocco by British and American forces in November 1942, Juin changed sides. This was reflected during the Italian campaign when he commanded the French Expeditionary Corps in the US Fifth Army. The Corps' expertise in mountain warfare was well used and was one of the crucial factors in the breaking of the Winter Line in May 1944. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... New city flag Traditional coat of arms Motto: – Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Region Nord-Pas de Calais Department Nord (59) Intercommunality Urban Community of Lille Métropole Mayor Martine Aubry  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area¹ 39. ... Combatants  France  United Kingdom  Canada  Czechoslovakia  Poland  Belgium  Netherlands  Luxembourg Germany Italy Commanders Maurice Gamelin, Maxime Weygand (French) Lord Gort (British Expeditionary Force) Leopold III (Belgian) H.G. Winkelman (Dutch) Gerd von Rundstedt (Army Group A) Fedor von Bock (Army Group B) Wilhelm von Leeb (Army Group C) H.R... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... Vichy France (French: now called Régime de Vichy or Vichy; called itself at the time État Français, or French State) was the French state of 1940-1944 which was a puppet government under Nazi influence, as opposed to the Free French Forces, based first in London and later... The French Expeditionary Corps (French: ), also known as the French Expeditionary Corps in Italy (French: ), was an expeditionary force of the Free French Forces that fought in the Italian Campaign during World War II under the command of General Alphonse Juin. ... The US Fifth Army was one of the principal formations of the US Army in the Mediterranean during World War II. It was activated on 4 January 1943 and made responsible for the defence of Algeria and Morocco. ... The Winter Line was a series of German military fortifications in Italy, constructed during World War II by Organisation Todt. ...


After the battle the F.E.C. committed war crimes against the civilian population (see marocchinate), the countryside beyond Cassino was plundered, a large and violent mass rape was committed, hundreds of civilians were murdered. General Juin has been accused of having allowed the crimes, giving 'permission' of 50 hours to his colonial troops. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Following this assignment he was Chief of Staff of the French forces.


In 1947 he returned to Africa as the Resident General in Morocco. He opposed Moroccan attempts to gain independence. Next came a senior NATO position as he assumed command of CENTAG until 1956. During his NATO command, in 1952, he was promoted to Marshal of France. He was greatly opposed to Charles de Gaulle's decision to grant independence to Algeria, and he retired in 1962 as a result of the incident. (de Gaulle may have demanded Juin's resignation, but publicly announced that he was placing Juin "in the reserve of the Republic.") NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


He was the French Army's last living Marshal of France until his death in Paris in 1967, he was buried Les Invalides, Paris. Baton of a modern Marshal of France The Marshal of France (French: Maréchal de France) is a military distinction in contemporary France, not a military rank. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... The church at the Invalides Les Invalides in Paris, France consists of a complex of buildings in the 7th arrondissement containing museums and monuments, all relating to the military history of France, as well as a hospital and a retirement home for war veterans, the buildings original purpose. ...


External link

  • Photo of Alphonse Juin, hosted by the Portal to Texas History
Preceded by
Jean Tharaud
Seat 4
Académie française
1952-1967
Succeeded by
Pierre Emmanuel

  Results from FactBites:
 
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Alphonse Juin (466 words)
Alphonse Pierre Juin (December 16,1888-January 27,1967) was a Marshal of France.
Juin was born at Annaba in Algeria, and enlisted in the French Army, graduating from the École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr in 1912.
The division was encircled at Lille during the Battle of France and Juin was captured.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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