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Encyclopedia > Alpha taxonomy

Taxonomy, sometimes alpha taxonomy, is the science of finding, describing and naming organisms, thus giving rise to taxa. The scope of this article is limited to the empirical sciences. ... Shortcut: WP:NC Naming conventions is a list of guidelines on how to appropriately create and name pages. ... In biology and ecology, an organism (in Greek organon = instrument) is a complex adaptive system of organs that influence each other in such a way that they function as a more or less stable whole and have properties of life. ... A taxon (plural taxa), or taxonomic unit, is a grouping of organisms (named or unnamed). ...

Lilium hybrid "Stargazer"
Lilium hybrid "Stargazer"

For a long time the term "taxonomy" was unambiguous, but over time the word "taxonomy" gained several other meanings and thus became confusing. To some extent it is being replaced, in its original (and narrow) meaning, by "alpha taxonomy". Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 872 KB) Summary Stargazer lily in my garden (by dogmadic) Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Flower ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 872 KB) Summary Stargazer lily in my garden (by dogmadic) Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Flower ... Taxonomy (from Greek verb tassein = to classify and nomos = law, science, cf economy) may refer to: the science of classifying living things (see alpha taxonomy) a system of classification in some other field Taxonomy was once only the science of classifying living organisms, but later the word was applied in...


Another source of confusion is the relationship to systematics. The words "taxonomy" and "systematics" have a similar history and similar meanings: over time these have been used as synonyms, as overlapping or as completely complementary. In biology, systematics is the study of the diversity of organism characteristics, and especially how they relate evolutionarily. ...

  • In today's usage, Taxonomy (as a science) deals with finding, describing and naming organisms. This science is supported by institutions holding collections of these organisms, with relevant data, carefully curated: such institutes include Natural History Museums, Herbaria and Botanical Gardens.
  • Systematics (as a science) deals with the relationships between taxa, especially at the higher levels. These days systematics is greatly influenced by data derived from DNA from mitochondria and chloroplasts. This is sometimes known as molecular systematics and is doing well, likely at the expense of taxonomy (Wheeler, 2004).
The species of butterfly called Morpho rhetenor helena

The Natural History Museum from the south east The Natural History Museum, one of three large museums on Exhibition Road, Kensington, London (the others are the Science Museum and the Victoria and Albert Museum), is home to life and earth science collections comprising some 70 million items. ... In Botany, a herbarium is a collection of preserved plants or plant parts, mainly in a dried form. ... Inside the United States Botanic Garden Inside the Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden (Brazil), 1890 Botanical gardens (in Latin, hortus botanicus) grow a wide variety of plants primarily categorized and documented for scientific purposes, but also for the enjoyment and education of visitors, a consideration that has become essential to... Molecular systematics is a product of the traditional field of systematics and the growing field of bioinformatics. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

See also

The evolutionary tree of living things is currently supposed to run something along the lines of that listed below. ... The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) is a partnership designed to provide consistent and reliable information on the taxonomy of biological species. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... In biology, systematics is the study of the diversity of organism characteristics, and especially how they relate evolutionarily. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms (as opposed to folk taxonomy). ... A taxon (plural taxa), or taxonomic unit, is a grouping of organisms (named or unnamed). ...

References

  • Wheeler, Q. D. (2004). Taxonomic triage and the poverty of Phylogeny. Phil. Trans. Roy Soc. London, Biology 359: 571-583.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Taxonomy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (548 words)
Taxonomy was once only the science of classifying living organisms, but later the word was applied in a wider sense, and may also refer to either a classification of things, or the principles underlying the classification.
Anthropologists have observed that taxonomies are generally embedded in local cultural and social systems, and serve various social functions.
Such taxonomies as those analyzed by Durkheim and Lévi-Strauss are sometimes called folk taxonomies to distinguish them from scientific taxonomies that claim to be disembedded from social relations and thus objective and universal.
Alpha taxonomy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (267 words)
Taxonomy, sometimes alpha taxonomy, is the science of finding, describing and naming organisms, thus giving rise to taxa.
For a long time the term "taxonomy" was unambiguous, but over time the word "taxonomy" gained several other meanings and thus became confusing.
The words "taxonomy" and "systematics" have a similar history and similar meanings: over time these have been used as synonyms, as overlapping or as completely complementary.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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