Alpes_de_Haute_Provence is a French département in the south of France, it was formerly part of the province of Provence.
Nord-de-Provence was one of the 83 original departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was renamed Haute_Provence and Basses_Alpes.
On December 8, 1793, the department of Vaucluse was created from parts of the departments of Bouches-du-Rhône, Drôme, and Basses_Alpes.
On April 13, 1970, the department of Basses_Alpes was renamed Alpes_de_Haute_Provence.
Alpes_de_Haute_Provence is a mountainous region with peaks over 8,000 feet. The climate is very dry and arid and allows for a prosperous fruit_growing industry.
It is surrounded by the French departments of Hautes-Alpes, Alpes-Maritimes, Var, Vaucluse, and Drôme, as well as Italy.
Rivers include: Durance, Verdon, Bléone, Ubaye, Var, Buëch, Jabron, Largue.
Arrondissements and cantons
Alpes-de-Haute-Provence is subdivided into 4 arrondissements, 30 cantons and 200 communes.
|Arrondissement ||Canton ||# of communes |
|Barcelonnette ||Barcelonnette ||11 |
|Le Lauzet_Ubaye ||5 |
|Castellane ||Allos_Colmars ||6 |
|Annot ||7 |
|Castellane ||7 |
|Entrevaux ||6 |
|Saint_André_les_Alpes ||6 |
|Digne_les_Bains ||Barrême ||8 |
|Digne_les_Bains_Est ||4 |
|Digne_les_Bains_Ouest ||10 |
|La Javie ||6 |
|Les Mées ||6 |
|Mézel ||8 |
|Moustiers_Sainte_Marie ||3 |
|Riez ||9 |
|Seyne ||8 |
|Valensole ||4 |
|Forcalquier ||Banon ||9 |
|Forcalquier ||10 |
|Manosque_Nord ||3 |
|Manosque_Sud_Est ||3 |
|Manosque_Sud_Ouest ||3 |
|La Motte_du_Caire ||13 |
|Noyers_sur_Jabron ||7 |
|Peyruis ||4 |
|Reillanne ||8 |
|Saint_Étienne_les_Orgues ||8 |
|Sisteron ||5 |
|Turriers ||7 |
|Volonne ||9 |
See also: Communes of the Alpes_de_Haute_Provence département
Inhabitants of this department are called Bas_Alpins.
The population was once distributed fairly evenly across the department, both in the mountainous regions and the agricultural ones. However, near the end of the 19th century it markedly decreased due to rural exodus to the cities. It fell from about 150,000 to below 100,000 after World War I. It was not until 1960, that the population began to grow again, from 84,335 in 1968 to 139,561 in 1999. However, although the population figures are about what they were before, the distribution is very different. The population is now centered around the larger towns, Manosque and Digne-les-Bains, and the mountainous regions are very sparsely populated.
The arrondissements of Barcelonette and Castellane are the two least heavily populated of France, the only ones with under 10,000 inhabitants. The town of Catellane is the smallest subprefecture of France.
There is a ski resort at Pra Loup.
- Conseil Général website: http://www.cg04.fr (in French)
- Préfecture website: http://www.alpes-de-haute-provence.pref.gouv.fr/ (in French)
- Detailed information: http://splaf.free.fr/dep.php?depnum=04 (in French)