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Encyclopedia > Alonzo Garcelon

Dr. Alonozo Garcelon (May 6, 1813December 8, 1906) was a Governor of Maine, an American Civil War surgeon general, and a founder of Bates College in Lewiston, Maine. May 6 is the 126th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (127th in leap years). ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... This is a list of Governors of Maine since statehood in 1820. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Surgeon General can have several different meanings. ... For other uses, see Bates (disambiguation), Bates (surname) Bates College is a private liberal arts college, founded in 1855 by abolitionists, located in Lewiston, Maine, in the United States. ... Main Street, also U.S. Route 202 in downtown Lewiston Coordinates: Counties Androscoggin County Area    - City 35. ...

Garcelon was born in Lewiston, Maine, to French Huguenot parents. In 1836 Garcelon graduated from Bowdoin College, and in 1839 he graduated from the Medical College of Ohio and then returned to Lewiston to practice. Garcelon co-founded the Lewiston Journal in 1847. He served in the Maine House of Representatives from 1853–54, 1857–58, and in the Maine Senate from 1855-56. Garcelon was instrumental in bringing Bates College to Lewiston in 1855 and served as an instructor and longtime trustee at the College. He was elected as a Delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1856. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the name of Huguenots came to apply to members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France, or historically as the French Calvinists. ... Bowdoin College is a private liberal arts college, founded in 1794, located in the coastal New England town of Brunswick, Maine. ... The Medical University of Ohio is a medical school located in Toledo, Ohio. ... The debating chamber of the Maine House of Representatives inside the State House The Maine House of Representatives is the lower house of the Maine Legislature. ... The debating chamber of the Maine Senate in the State House in Augusta The Maine Senate is the upper house of the Maine Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Maine. ... The Republican National Convention, the presidential nominating convention of the United States Republican Party, is held every four years to determine the partys candidate for the coming Presidential election and the partys platform. ...

During the Civil War, Garcelon served in the Union Army as a Maine's Surgeon General. During the impeachment of Andrew Johnson after the War, Garcelon became disgusted with the Republican Party and became a Democrat. In 1871 he was elected mayor of Lewiston, and in 1879 he was elected Governor of Maine by the legislature, serving one term until 1880. The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... Depiction of the impeachment trial of Andrew Johnson, then President of the United States, in 1868. ... Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 – July 31, 1875) was the seventeenth President of the United States (1865–1869), succeeding to the presidency upon the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. ... For other uses, see Republican Party (disambiguation) or GOP (disambiguation). ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... This is a list of Governors of Maine since statehood in 1820. ...

During his term as governor, Garcelon oversaw the "Greenback" controversy, when he investigated alleged voter fraud and determined that the Democrats and not the Republicans had won a majority in the legislature. Senator James Blaine came to Augusta with a hundred armed men to protest the results, and Garcelon called out the state militia. Civil war was narrowly averted, thanks to the peaceful intervention of militia leader Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain. In 1883 Garcelon was once again elected mayor of Lewiston. Run on the Fourth National Bank, No. ... Electoral fraud is the deliberate interference with the process of an election. ... James G. Blaine James Gillespie Blaine (January 31, 1830–January 27, 1893) was a U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator from Maine and a two-time United States Secretary of State. ... Nickname: Motto: Official website: www. ... Lexington Minuteman representing militia minuteman John Parker A militia is the activity of one or more citizens organized to provide defense or paramilitary service, or those engaged in such activity. ... A civil war is a war in which parties within the same culture, society or nationality fight against each other for the control of political power. ... Maj. ...

Garcelon died in Medford, Massachusetts, and was buried at Riverside Cemetery in Lewiston, Maine.   Nickname: medfa (bostonian) Settled: 1630 â€“ Incorporated: 1630 Zip Code(s): 02155 â€“ Area Code(s): 339 / 781 Official website: http://www. ...

Garcelon Field at Bates College is named after Dr. Garcelon, as is the Alonzo Garcelon Society, which provides scholarships to Bates for local students.

See also

Seal of Bates College Secretary of State Edmund S. Muskie, Class of 1936 This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy certain standards for completeness. ... This is a list of Governors of Maine since statehood in 1820. ...

External links


  • "Bio of Alonzo A. Gercelon, M.D." Representative Men of Maine: A Collection of Biographical Sketches,(Portland, ME: The Lakeside Press, 1893). (link)
Preceded by
Seldon Connor
Governor of Maine
Succeeded by
Daniel F. Davis



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