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Encyclopedia > Alodia
Alodia is the least known of the Christian Nubian kingdoms. Its northern border was somewhere between the 5th and 6th Cataracts. Its southern border is unknown, but Alodia might have had some authority deep into the Bahr el Ghazal.
Alodia is the least known of the Christian Nubian kingdoms. Its northern border was somewhere between the 5th and 6th Cataracts. Its southern border is unknown, but Alodia might have had some authority deep into the Bahr el Ghazal.

Alodia or Alwa was the southernmost of the three kingdoms of Christian Nubia; the other two were Nobatia and Makuria to the north. Alodia was converted to Christianity in the 6th century by missionaries sent by Byzantine Emperor Justinian and his wife Theodora. Monophysite Christianity flourished in Alodia, more so than other Christian sects. Alodia was centered south of the great bend in the Nile river and south into the Gezira with its capital at Soba. Most of what is known about Christian Nubia comes from either contemporary Egyptian sources and the intensive archaeological work done in Lower Nubia prior to the flooding of many sites by the Aswan High Dam. Neither of these sources shed much light on what went on the Upper Nubia during this period and very little is known about Alodia. P.L. Shennie mentions that the name of a king David, who died in 1015, was learned from a recently recovered tombstone.[1] At some points in time it seems as though Alodia and Makuria merged into one state, perhaps as a result of the close dynastic links between the two. If the two states did merge at certain times, Alodia regained its independence. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (499x649, 103 KB)Modified version of Image:Nubia today. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (499x649, 103 KB)Modified version of Image:Nubia today. ... The Bahr el Ghazal is both a river and a region of southwestern Sudan, the region taking its name from the river. ... A Christian is a follower of Jesus Christ. ... Today Nubia is the region in the south of Egypt, along the Nile and in northern Sudan, but in ancient times it was an independent kingdom. ... Nobatia was a kingdom in Christian Lower Nubia. ... Christian Nubia in the three states period. ... This is a list of the Emperors of the late Eastern Roman Empire, called Byzantine. ... Justinian may refer to: Justinian I, a Roman Emperor; Justinian II, a Byzantine Emperor; Justinian, a storeship sent to the convict settlement at New South Wales in 1790. ... Theodora can refer to any of the following: Flavia Maximiana Theodora, daughter of the Roman Emperor Maximian and second wife of the Emperor Constantius I Chlorus. ... Monophysitism (from the Greek monos meaning one and physis meaning nature) is the christological position that Christ has only one nature, as opposed to the Chalcedonian position which holds that Christ has two natures, one divine and one human. ... The Nile (Arabic: النيل an-nīl), in Africa, is one of the two longest rivers on Earth. ... Al Jazirah Al Jazirah (also Gezira) is one of the 26 states of Sudan. ... Soba is the name of the capital of Alodia. ... Map of Egypt showing the location of Aswan and Lake Nasser. ...


Alodia was the furthest of the Nubian states from the influences of Egypt and thus that last of the Nubian states to be converted to Islam. The conventional date for the final destruction of Alodia is the Funj conquest of the region in the early sixteenth century. Archaeological evidence seems to show that the kingdom was in decline as early as the thirteenth century. Near the end of this century al-Harrani reports that the capital had been moved to Wayula. Later Mamluk emissaries reported that the region was divided among nine rulers. Islam (Arabic: ; ( ) is a monotheistic faith and the worlds second-largest religion. ... The Funj were an ethnic group in present day Sudan their origins are not clearly known but they moved into Nubia from south of the swamplands in the early sixteenth century, fleeing pressure from the Shilluk. ... An Ottoman Mamluk, from 1810 Mamluks (also Mameluks, Mamelukes or Mamlukes) (the Arabic word usually translates as owned, singular: مملوك plural: مماليك) comprised of slave soldiers who converted to Islam and served the Muslim caliphs and the Ottoman Empire. ...


Alodia seems to have preserved its identity after the Funj conquest and its incorporation into the Kingdom of Sennar. The Alodians, who became known as the Abdallab, revolted under Ajib the Great and formed the semi-autonomous Kingdom of Dongola that persisted for several centuries. A king of Sennar, 1821 Kingdom of Sennar was a former sultanate in the north of Sudan, which ruled a substantial area of northeast Africa between 1504 and 1821. ...


Notes

  1. ^ P.L. Shinnie, Ancient Nubia (London: Kegan Paul International, 1996), p. 133.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Alodia? Seizing Control of a Whole Country? (2086 words)
Alodia was created by Lindy Davies, director of the Henry George Institute.
Note first that the hypothetical conversion of Alodia to a Georgist economy comes about only by dint of a military coup, where the strongman is able to maintain order and stability for a year of transition only through the personal loyalty of his army.
The pattern as laid forth in “The Alodia Story” gives only a hint of the antecedents under which General Samuel Akuopha comes to power; the suggestion, however, is that it follows a succession of corrupt and exploitive regimes that track from the time of the French colonial departure.
ALODIA : Encyclopedia Entry (604 words)
Alodia or Alwa was the southernmost of the three kingdoms of Christian Nubia; the other two were Nobatia and Makuria to the north.
Alodia was converted to Christianity in the 6th century by missionaries sent by Byzantine Emperor Justinian and his wife Theodora.
Alodia was the furthest of the Nubian states from the influences of Egypt and thus that last of the Nubian states to be converted to Islam.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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