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Encyclopedia > Almeida Garrett

João Baptista da Silva Leitão de Almeida Garrett, 1st Viscount Almeida Garrett, pron. IPA: [aɫ'mɐidɐ ga'ʁɛt(ɨ)], (Porto, February 4, 1799December 9, 1854) was a Portuguese Romanticist poet, novelist, dramatist, and Liberal politician. A viscount is a member of the European nobility whose comital title ranks usually, as in the British peerage, above a baron, below an earl (in Britain) or a count (his continental equivalent). ... Look up pronunciation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words see here. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Norte  - Subregion Grande Porto  - District or A.R. Porto Mayor Rui Rio  - Party PSD Area 41. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Romanticism was an artistic and intellectual movement that originated in late 18th century Western Europe. ... This article is part of or related to the Liberalism series Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | Liberalism by country | Portuguese political parties ...


Biography

He was born in Porto as the son of António Bernardo da Silva Garrett and Ana Augusta de Almeida Leitão. In 1807 he fled the French invasion carried out by Jean-Andoche Junot's troops, seeking refuge in Angra do Heroísmo, Terceira Island, Azores. While in the Azores, he was taught by his uncle, Alexandre da Sagrada Família, then the Bishop of Angra. In 1818, he moved to Coimbra to study at the local university's law school. In 1818, he published O Retrato de Vénus, a work for which was soon to be prosecuted, as it was considered "materialist, atheist, and immoral"; it was during this period that he adopted his pen name Almeida Garrett. Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Norte  - Subregion Grande Porto  - District or A.R. Porto Mayor Rui Rio  - Party PSD Area 41. ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants Spain United Kingdom Portugal French Empire The Peninsular War was a major conflict during the Napoleonic Wars, fought on the Iberian Peninsula by an alliance of Spain, Portugal, and Britain against the Napoleonic French Empire. ... Jean-Andoche Junot, Duke of Abrantes (October 23, 1771 – July 29, 1813) was a French general under Napoleon Bonaparte. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region A.R. of Azores  - Subregion A.R. of Azores  - District or A.R. A.R. of Azores Mayor José Cardoso  - Party PS Area 239. ... Map of Terceira Island, Azores. ... Location Motto of the autonomous region: Antes morrer livres que em paz sujeitos (Portuguese: To die free rather than to be subjugated in peace) Official language Portuguese Capitals Ponta Delgada (Presidency of the autonomous government), Angra do Heroísmo (Supreme Court), Horta (Legislative Assembly) Other towns Praia da Vitória... A mitre is used as a symbol of the bishops ministry. ... 1818 (MDCCCXVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... District Coimbra Mayor   - Party Carlos Encarnação PSD Area 316. ... The University of Coimbra (Portuguese: Universidade de Coimbra) is a Portuguese public university in Coimbra, Portugal. ... See also: 1817 in literature, other events of 1818, 1819 in literature, list of years in literature. ... In philosophy, materialism is that form of physicalism which holds that the only thing that can truly be said to exist is matter; that fundamentally, all things are composed of material and all phenomena are the result of material interactions. ... The 18th-century French author Baron dHolbach was one of the first self-described atheists; he did not believe in the existence of any deities. ... A pen name or nom de plume is a pseudonym adopted by an author. ...


He took part in the 1820 Liberal Revolution of Porto, and was exiled to England after the 1823 "Vilafrancada"; he had just married Luísa Midosi, who was only 14 years old at the time. He began his association with Romanticism, being subject to the first-hand influences of William Shakespeare and Walter Scott, as well as to that of Gothic aesthetics. Garrett then left for France, where he wrote Camões (1825) and Dona Branca (1826) – both poems are usually considered the first Romanticist works in Portuguese literature. In 1826, he returned to Portugal, where he settled for two years, under the rule of King Miguel of Portugal, until a new period of absolutism was brought about; he again settled in England, publising Adozina and Catão (both in 1828). 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Portrait of Sir Walter Scott, by Sir Edwin Henry Landseer Sir Walter Scott, 1st Baronet (15 August 1771 – 21 September 1832) was a prolific Scottish historical novelist and poet popular throughout Europe during his time. ... Strawberry Hill, an English villa in the Gothic revival style, built by seminal Gothic writer Horace Walpole The gothic novel was a literary genre that belonged to Romanticism and began in the United Kingdom with The Castle of Otranto (1764) by Horace Walpole. ... Luís de Camões Monument to Luís de Camões, Lisbon Luís Vaz de Camões (pron. ... See also: 1824 in literature, other events of 1825, 1826 in literature, list of years in literature. ... See also: 1825 in literature, other events of 1826, 1827 in literature, list of years in literature. ... This is a survey of Portuguese literature. ... This is a List of Portuguese monarchs from the independence of Portugal from Castile in 1139, to the beginning of the Republic in October 5, 1910. ... Miguel of Portugal (English: Michael), the Traditionalist (Port. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... See also: 1827 in literature, other events of 1828, 1829 in literature, list of years in literature. ...


Almeida Garrett, together with Alexandre Herculano and Joaquim António de Aguiar took part in the Landing of Mindelo, carried out during the Liberal Wars. When a constitutional monarchy was established, he briefly served as its Consul General to Brussels; upon his return, he was acclaimed as one of the major orators of Liberalism, and took innitiative in the creation of a new Portuguese theater (during the period, he wrote his historical plays Gil Vicente, D. Filipa de Vilhena, and O Alfageme de Santarém). Alexandre Herculano de Carvalho e Araujo (1810 - 1877), Portuguese historian, was born in Lisbon of humble stock, his grandfather having been a foreman stonemason in the royal employ. ... Pedro IV of Portugal, I of Brazil Miguel I of Portugal The Liberal Wars, also known as the Portuguese Civil War, the War of the Two Brothers, or Miguelite War, was a war between progressive constitutionalists and authoritarian absolutists in Portugal over royal succession that lasted from 1828 to 1834. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The title Consul has been used for official representatives of a state, outside its (metropolitan) territory, looking after its interests (a task normally largely transferred to the formal diplomacy) and, especially, those of its subjects, individuals as well as enterprises. ... Nickname: The Capital Of Europe, Comic City City of a 100 Museums Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 797 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area    - City 162 (Region) km²  (62. ... Orator is a Latin word for speaker (from the Latin verb oro, meaning I speak or I pray). In ancient Rome, the art of speaking in public (Ars Oratoria) was a professional competence especially cultivated by politicians and lawyers. ... Gil Vicente (c. ...


In 1843, Garrett published Romanceiro e Cancioneiro Geral, a collection of folklore; two years later, he wrote the first volume of his historical novel O Arco de Santana (fully published in 1850, it took inspiration from Victor Hugo's The Hunchback of Notre Dame). O Arco de Santana signified a change in Garrett's style, leading to a more complex and subjective prose with which he experimented at length in Travels in My Homeland (Viagens na Minha Terra, (1846). His innovative manner was also felt in his poem collections Flowers without Fruit (1844) and Fallen Leaves (Folhas Caídas, 1853). See also: 1842 in literature, other events of 1843, 1844 in literature, list of years in literature. ... Folklore is the body of verbal expressive culture, including tales, legends, oral history, proverbs, jokes, popular beliefs current among a particular population, comprising the oral tradition of that culture, subculture, or group. ... A historical novel is a novel in which the story is set among historical events, or more generally, in which the time of the action predates the lifetime of the author. ... See also: 1849 in literature, other events of 1850, 1851 in literature, list of years in literature. ... Victor-Marie Hugo (26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, playwright, essayist, visual artist, statesman and human rights campaigner, recognized as the most influential Realist writer of the 19th century. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... See also: 1845 in literature, other events of 1846, 1847 in literature, list of years in literature. ... See also: 1843 in literature, other events of 1844, 1845 in literature, list of years in literature. ... Fallen Leaves is the third single released from the Canadian punk rock music group Billy Talents second album, Billy Talent II. The music video for the single was released on November 19, 2006. ... See also: 1852 in literature, other events of 1853, 1854 in literature, list of years in literature. ...


Nobled by Pedro V of Portugal in 1854, Garrett was Minister of Foreign Affairs for only a few days in the same year (in the cabinet of the Duke of Saldanha). Pedro V, King of Portugal KG (pron. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Minister of Foreign Affairs (Portugal). ... João Carlos de Saldanha Oliveira e Daun, Duke and later Marquis of Saldanha (1790-1876), was a Portuguese army officer and statesman. ...


Almeida Garrett ended his relationship with Luísa Midosi in 1835, and married Adelaide Pastor in 1841 – she was to remain his wife until his death.


He died of cancer in Lisbon and was buried in the Jerónimos Monastery. His name was given to the library in Porto (the Almeida Garrett Municipal Library – Biblioteca Municipal Almeida Garret). Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these cells to invade other tissues, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Lisbon  - Subregion Grande Lisboa  - District or A.R. Lisbon Mayor Carmona Rodrigues  - Party PSD Area 84. ... Jerónimos Monastery exterior The Jerónimos Monastery (Mosteiro dos Jerónimos) is located in the Belém district of Lisbon, Portugal. ...


External links

  • Works by Almeida Garrett at Project Gutenberg
  • in Portuguese
    • Camoens Institute on Almeida Garret
    • Citi.pt on Almeida Garrett
    • Arqnet.pf biography of Almeida Garrett
    • National Library on Almeida Garrett
    • Malhatlantica.pt on Almeida Garrett
    • Malhatlantica.pt on Almeida Garrett (2)
    • Mundocultural.com.br on Almeida Garrett
    • Poems of Almeida Garrett

  Results from FactBites:
 
Almeida Garrett - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (587 words)
Almeida Garrett, together with Alexandre Herculano and Joaquim António de Aguiar took part in the Landing of Mindelo, carried out during the Liberal Wars.
Nobled by Pedro V of Portugal in 1854, Garrett was Minister of Foreign Affairs for only a few days in the same year (in the cabinet of the Duke of Saldanha).
Almeida Garrett ended his relationship with Luísa Midosi in 1835, and married Adelaide Pastor in 1841 – she was to remain his wife until his death.
Revista 4 - Inglês (2728 words)
Garrett was elected to Parliament on countless occasions, but he refused several government posts, preferring to devote himself to the more important task of legislator and reformer.
Garrett himself was fully aware of the difficulties inherent in this, since the extremely agitated time in which he lived consisted of gains and losses, false starts, highs and lows.
In Garrett's case, the notion of dandyism is not limited to this more restricted sense, but also implies a cultural attitude, which relates dandyism with the Romantic imaginary, as well as another fundamental element in the writer's background: exile.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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