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Encyclopedia > Alligatoridae
Wikipedia:How to read a taxobox
How to read a taxobox
Alligators and Caimans
Fossil range: Paleocene - Recent
American Alligator
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sauropsida
Order: Crocodilia
Family: Alligatoridae
Gray, 1844
Living Genera

Alligator
Caiman
Melanosuchus
Paleosuchus The Paleocene, early dawn of the recent, is a geologic epoch that lasted from 65. ... Download high resolution version (550x770, 105 KB)From http://www-pao. ... Binomial name Alligator mississippiensis (Daudin, 1801) American Alligator range map The American Alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) is one of the two living species of Alligator, a genus within the family Alligatoridae. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... Animalia redirects here. ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Subclasses Anapsida Diapsida Synonyms Reptilia Laurenti, 1768 Reptiles are tetrapods and amniotes, animals whose embryos are surrounded by an amniotic membrane, and members of the class Sauropsida. ... Families Gavialidae Alligatoridae Crocodylidae Crocodilia is an order of large reptiles that appeared about 84 million years ago in the Late Cretaceous Period (Campanian stage). ... John Edward Gray. ... Species Alligator mississippiensis Alligator sinensis An alligator is a crocodilian in the genus Alligator of the family Alligatoridae. ... Genera Alligator Caiman Melanosuchus Paleosuchus Alligators and caimans are reptiles closely related to the crocodiles and forming the family Alligatoridae (sometimes regarded instead as the subfamily Alligatorinae). ... Binomial name Melanosuchus niger Spix, 1825 The Black Caiman (Melanosuchus niger) is an endangered species, related to alligators. ...

Alligators and caimans are reptiles, small species of crocodilians and forming the family Alligatoridae (sometimes regarded instead as the subfamily Alligatorinae). Subclasses Anapsida Diapsida Synonyms Reptilia Laurenti, 1768 Reptiles are tetrapods and amniotes, animals whose embryos are surrounded by an amniotic membrane, and members of the class Sauropsida. ... In biology, a species is one of the basic units of biodiversity. ... Families Gavialidae Alligatoridae Crocodylidae Crocodilia is an order of large reptiles that appeared about 84 million years ago in the Late Cretaceous Period (Campanian stage). ... In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is 1) a rank or 2) a taxon in that rank. ... ...


Alligators differ from crocodiles principally in having wider and shorter heads, with more obtuse snouts; in having the fourth, enlarged tooth of the under jaw received, not into an external notch, but into a pit formed for it within the upper one; in lacking a jagged fringe which appears on the hind legs and feet of the crocodile; in having the toes of the hind feet webbed not more than half way to the tips; and in tolerance to salinity, alligators strongly preferring fresh water, while crocodiles can tolerate salt water due to specialized glands for filtering out salt. In general, crocodiles tend to be more dangerous to humans than alligators. Species Alligator mississippiensis Alligator sinensis An alligator is a crocodilian in the genus Alligator of the family Alligatoridae. ...


Alligators proper occur in the fluvial deposits of the age of the Upper Chalk in Europe, where they did not die out until the Pliocene age. The Cretaceous Period is one of the major divisions of the geologic timescale, reaching from the end of the Jurassic Period (i. ... The Pliocene epoch (spelled Pleiocene in some older texts) is the period in the geologic timescale that extends from 5. ...


The true alligators are now restricted to two species, A. mississippiensis in the Southern United States, which grows to an average of 4 m (12 ft), with the record of 5.79 m (19 ft) in length, and the small A. sinensis in the Yangtze River, People's Republic of China, which grows to an average of 1.5 m (5 ft). Their name derives from the Spanish el lagarto, which appears to be a cognate of la lagartija, "the lizard"). Binomial name Alligator mississippiensis (Daudin, 1801) American Alligator range map The American Alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) is one of the two living species of Alligator, a genus within the family Alligatoridae. ... Historic Southern United States. ... Binomial name Alligator sinensis Fauvel, 1879 The Chinese Alligator (Alligator sinensis) is one of two living species of Alligator, a genus within the family Alligatoridae. ... The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), or Drichu in Tibetan (Tibetan: འབྲི་ཆུ་; Wylie: bri chu) is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world after the Nile in Africa and the Amazon in South America. ...


In Central and South America, alligators are represented by five species of the genus Caiman, which differs from the alligator by the absence of a bony septum between the nostrils, and the ventral armour is composed of overlapping bony scutes, each of which is formed of two parts united by a suture. Some authorities further divide this genus into three, splitting off the smooth-fronted caimans into a genus Paleosuchus and the Black Caiman into Melanosuchus. Map of Central America Central America is the central geographic region of the Americas. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... For other uses of the word, please see Genus (disambiguation). ... Genera Alligator Caiman Melanosuchus Paleosuchus Alligators and caimans are reptiles closely related to the crocodiles and forming the family Alligatoridae (sometimes regarded instead as the subfamily Alligatorinae). ...


C. crocodilus, the Spectacled Caiman, has the widest distribution, from southern Mexico to the northern half of Argentina, and grows to a modest size of about 7 feet. The largest, attaining an enormous bulk and a length of 20 ft., is the near-threatened Melanosuchus niger, the Jacare-assu, Large, or Black Caiman of the Amazon. The Black Caiman and American Alligator are the only members of the alligator family posing the same danger to humans as the larger species of the crocodile family. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List and Red Data List), created in 1963, is the worlds most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species. ... Binomial name Melanosuchus niger Spix, 1825 The Black Caiman (Melanosuchus niger) is a threatened species, related to alligators. ... Binomial name Alligator mississippiensis (Daudin, 1801) American Alligator range map The American Alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) is one of the two living species of Alligator, a genus within the family Alligatoridae. ... Genera Mecistops Crocodylus Osteolaemus See full taxonomy. ...


Although the Caiman has not been studied in-depth, it has been discovered that their mating cycles (previously thought to be spontaneous or year-round) are linked to the rainfall cycles and the river levels in order to increase their offspring's chances of survival.



An alligator nest at Everglades National Park, Florida.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1382x1037, 704 KB)A picture taken in Everglades National Park by me. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1382x1037, 704 KB)A picture taken in Everglades National Park by me. ... Everglades National Park preserves the southern portion of the Everglades (all south of Tamiami Trail), but represents only 20 % of the original wetland area. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ...

Species

  • ORDER Crocodilia
    • Family Alligatoridae
      • Genus Leidyosuchus (extinct)
      • Genus Deinosuchus (extinct)
      • Subfamily Alligatorinae
        • Genus Albertochampsa (extinct)
        • Genus Chrysochampsa (extinct)
        • Genus Hassiacosuchus (extinct)
        • Genus Navahosuchus (extinct)
        • Genus Ceratosuchus (extinct)
        • Genus Allognathosuchus (extinct)
        • Genus Hispanochampsa (extinct)
        • Genus Arambourgia (extinct)
        • Genus Procaimanoidea (extinct)
        • Genus Wannaganosuchus (extinct)
        • Genus Alligator
          • Alligator prenasalis (extinct)
          • Alligator mcgrewi (extinct)
          • Alligator olseni (extinct)
          • Chinese Alligator, Alligator sinensis
          • Alligator mefferdi (extinct)
          • American Alligator, Alligator mississippiensis
      • Subfamily Caimaninae
        • Genus Necrosuchus (extinct)
        • Genus Eocaiman (extinct)
        • Genus Paleosuchus
        • Genus Purussaurus (extinct)
        • Genus Mourasuchus (extinct)
        • Genus Orthogenysuchus (extinct)
        • Genus Caiman
          • Yacare Caiman, Caiman yacare
          • Spectacled Caiman, Caiman crocodilus
            • Rio Apaporis Caiman, C. c. apaporiensis
            • Brown Caiman, C. c. fuscus
          • Caiman lutescans (extinct)
          • Caiman sorontans (extinct) - Not reported in the literature, probably a nomen nudum
          • Broad-snouted Caiman, Caiman latirostris
        • Genus Melanosuchus
          • Melanosuchus fisheri (extinct)
          • Black Caiman, Melanosuchus niger

Families Gavialidae Alligatoridae Crocodylidae Crocodilia is an order of large reptiles that appeared about 84 million years ago in the Late Cretaceous Period (Campanian stage). ... Species (type) Deinosuchus is an extinct genus of alligatorid from the Upper Cretaceous (Campanian) of North America. ... Ceratosuchus burdoshi (Burdoshs Horned Crocodile) was an extinct alligator that lived in North America, during the Paleocene. ... Species Alligator mississippiensis Alligator sinensis An alligator is a crocodilian in the genus Alligator of the family Alligatoridae. ... Binomial name Alligator sinensis Fauvel, 1879 The Chinese Alligator (Alligator sinensis) is one of two living species of Alligator, a genus within the family Alligatoridae. ... Binomial name Alligator mississippiensis (Daudin, 1801) American Alligator range map The American Alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) is one of the two living species of Alligator, a genus within the family Alligatoridae. ... Binomial name Paleosuchus palpebrosus (Cuvier, 1807) The Cuviers Dwarf Caiman (Paleosuchus palpebrosus) is a crocodilian reptile from South America. ... Binomial name Paleosuchus trigonatus (Schneider, 1801) The Smooth-fronted Caiman (Paleosuchus trigonatus) is a crocodilian reptile from South America. ... { { Taxobox|Farbe = Pink|Name = Purussaurus|Status = { { StatusFossil } }|regnum = [ [ Animal]]ia|Phylum = [ [ Chordate|Chordata ] ]|classis = [ [ Reptil|Reptilia ] ]|ordo = [ [ Crocodilia ] ]|subordo = [ [ Eusuchia ] ]|superfamilia = [ [ Alligatoroidea ] ]|Klasse = Purussaurus|genus_authority = [ [ Holland ] ], [ [ 1909 ] ]|subdivision_ranks = [ [ Sorte ] ]|Unterteilung = P.-brasiliensis ([ [ Artsorte|type]]) } } vor Purussaurus war ein riesiges prähistorisches caiman Leben in Südamerika, 20-5 Million Jahren... Binomial name Caiman yacare Daudin, 1802 The Yacare Caiman (Caiman yacare, Jacaré in Portuguese) is an alligator found in central South America, including northern Argentina, southern Bolivia, south-west Brazil (especially in the Pantanal marshland) Categories: Animal stubs | Crocodiles ... Binomial name Caiman crocodilus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Spectacled Caiman (Caiman crocodilus) is a crocodilian reptile found in much of Central and South America. ... Species Binomial name Caiman latirostris {{{author}}}, {{{date}}} The Broad-snouted Caiman (Caiman latirostris) is a crocodilian reptile found in parts of South America. ... Binomial name Melanosuchus niger Spix, 1825 The Black Caiman (Melanosuchus niger) is an endangered species, related to alligators. ... Binomial name Melanosuchus niger Spix, 1825 The Black Caiman (Melanosuchus niger) is a threatened species, related to alligators. ...

Cultural aspects

South Beach Alligator Farm (5MB uncompressed tif).

In Native American and African American folklore, the alligator is revered, especially the teeth, which can be worn as a charm against witchcraft and poison. Download high resolution version (1662x420, 285 KB)South Beach Alligator Farm Large Version File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1662x420, 285 KB)South Beach Alligator Farm Large Version File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A Hupa man. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Folklore is the body of expressive culture, including tales, music, dance, legends, oral history, proverbs, jokes, popular beliefs, customs, material culture, and so forth within a particular population comprising the traditions (including oral traditions) of that culture, subculture, or group. ... Witchcraft, in various historical, anthropological, religious and mythological contexts, is the use of certain kinds of alleged supernatural or magical powers. ... The skull and crossbones symbol (Jolly Roger) traditionally used to label a poisonous substance. ...


El hombre caiman (The caiman man) is a legend from the north coast of Colombia.


Often, it is the butt of practical jokes by tricksters like Brer Rabbit. The trickster figure Reynard the Fox as depicted in an 1869 childrens book by Michel Rodange. ... Brer Rabbit is the hero of the Uncle Remus stories derived from African-American folktales of the US South. ...


An urban legend states that full grown alligators exist in the sewers of cities like New York City. According to one version of this story, people buy baby alligators after visiting Florida or other places where they are native, and flush them down the toilet once they get big. Such alligators could not survive, however, because without UV rays from sunlight, alligators cannot properly metabolize calcium, resulting in metabolic bone disease and eventually death. Small released alligators and caimans, though, are occasionally found in northern lakes. See Sewer alligator for more information. An urban legend or urban myth is a kind of modern folklore consisting of stories often thought to be factual by those circulating them. ... New York, NY redirects here. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... A model of an alligator emerging from a sewer in a mall. ...


Alligator skin was once a highly prized leather, and was farmed in some areas, as pictured in the panoramic image above. Alligator is sometimes eaten as an exotic meat. Modern leather-working tools Leather is a material created through the tanning of hides (skin) of animals. ...


Pop culture references

A top hit from 1956 was "See You Later Alligator", as sung by Bill Haley & His Comets. See also: 1955 in music, other events of 1956, 1957 in music, 1950s in music and the list of years in music // January 1 - Blue Suede Shoes is released by Carl Perkins on the Sun Records label. ... See You Later, Alligator (though more commonly spelled without the comma in the title) is the title of an iconic rock and roll song of the 1950s. ... The original members of Bill Haley and His Comets, c. ...


 
 

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