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Encyclopedia > Allies of World War I
Map of the World showing the participants in World War I. Those fighting on the Allies' side (at one point or another) are depicted in green, the Central Powers in orange, and neutral countries in gray.
Map of the World showing the participants in World War I. Those fighting on the Allies' side (at one point or another) are depicted in green, the Central Powers in orange, and neutral countries in gray.
Pie chart showing military deaths of the Allied Powers.
Pie chart showing military deaths of the Allied Powers.

The Allies of World War I are sometimes also referred to as the Entente Powers or The Triple Entente (entente being French for "agreement"). The main allies were France, the Russian Empire, the British Empire, Italy and the United States. France, Russia and Britain entered World War I in 1914, as a result of their Triple Entente alliance. Many other countries later joined the Allied side in the war (see below). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1357x628, 41 KB) // Summary Map with the Participants in World War I: Green: Allies Orange: Central Powers Gray: Neutral Countries The boundary of China in the previous version is wrong. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1357x628, 41 KB) // Summary Map with the Participants in World War I: Green: Allies Orange: Central Powers Gray: Neutral Countries The boundary of China in the previous version is wrong. ... European military alliances in 1915. ... European military alliances in 1914. ... Image File history File links WorldWarI-MilitaryDeaths-EntentePowers-Piechart. ... Image File history File links WorldWarI-MilitaryDeaths-EntentePowers-Piechart. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


It should be noted that U.S. President Woodrow Wilson and his administration were determined not to define the U.S. as an ally[citation needed]. The United States declared war on Germany on the grounds of German violations of American neutrality, by attacking international shipping. The U.S. entered the war as an "associated power", rather than a formal ally of France and Britain, and maintained that distance throughout the war.[1] Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856–February 3, 1924), was the twenty-eighth President of the United States. ...


Although the Dominions and Crown Colonies of the British Empire made significant contributions to the Allied war effort, they did not have independent foreign policies during World War I. Operational control of British Empire forces was in the hands of the five-member British War Cabinet (BWC). However, the Dominion governments controlled recruiting, and did remove personnel from front-line duties as they saw fit. From early 1917 the BWC was superseded by the Imperial War Cabinet, which had Dominion representation. The Australian and Canadian army units were grouped in their own separate army corps, under Australian and Canadian commanders, who reported in turn to British and/or French generals. This article is about Dominions of the British Empire and of the Commonwealth of Nations. ... A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... ... A War Cabinet is committee formed by a government in time of war. ... The Imperial War Cabinet in 1917 The Imperial War Cabinet was created by British Prime Minister David Lloyd George in the spring of 1917 as a means of co-ordinating the British Empires military policy during the First World War. ... 26th Battalion of the Second Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1915 The Canadian Expeditionary Force was the group of Canadian military units formed for service overseas in the First World War. ... A corps (plural same as singular; a word that migrated from the French language, pronounced IPA: (cor), but originating in the Latin corpus, corporis meaning body) is either a large military unit or formation, an administrative grouping of troops within an army with a common function (such as artillery or...


In April 1918, operational control of all Allied forces on the Western Front passed to the new supreme commander, Maréchal de France Ferdinand Foch. Combatants Belgium British Empire Australia[1] Canada[2] India[3] Newfoundland[4] New Zealand[5] South Africa[6] United Kingdom France and French Overseas Empire Portugal[7] United States Germany Commanders No unified command until 1918, then Ferdinand Foch Moltke → Falkenhayn → Hindenburg and Ludendorff → Hindenburg and Groener Casualties ~4,800... The Marshal of France (maréchal de France) was one of the Great Officers of the Crown of France. ... Ferdinand Foch OM GCB (October 2, 1851 – March 20, 1929) was a French soldier, military theorist, and writer credited with possessing the most original and subtle mind in the French Army in the early 20th century. ...

European military alliances in 1914. The Central Powers are depicted in puce, the Allies in grey and neutral countries in yellow.
European military alliances in 1914. The Central Powers are depicted in puce, the Allies in grey and neutral countries in yellow.

Contents

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1198x863, 140 KB) Description: Europe 1914 Source: www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1198x863, 140 KB) Description: Europe 1914 Source: www. ... European military alliances in 1914. ...

Allied states

as well as: Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium. ... Map of the Belgian colonial empire The Belgian colonial empire was the set of colonies of Belgium, lasting from 1901 to 1962. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Location of the British Overseas Territories The British Overseas Territories are fourteen[1] territories which the United Kingdom considers to be under its sovereignty, but not as part of the United Kingdom itself. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada-1868-Red. ... Image File history File links Imperial-India-Blue-Ensign. ... Anthem God Save The King The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (until 1912), New Delhi (after 1912) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy²  - 1858... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Image File history File links Newfoundland_Red_Ensign. ... Motto: Quaerite Prime Regnum Dei (Latin: Seek ye first the kingdom of God) Anthem: Ode to Newfoundland Capital St. ... Image File history File links South_Africa_Red_Ensign. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article is about the historical state called the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1927). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... -1... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece_(1828-1978). ... Capital Athens Language(s) Greek Religion Greek Orthodox Government Constitutional Monarchy King  - 1832-1862 Otto  - 1863-1913 George I  - 1913-1917 Constantine I  - 1917-1920 Alexander  - 1920-1922 Constantine I  - 1922-1924 George II Historical era Enlightenment Era  - London Protocol August 30, 1832  - Military junta April 21, 1967 The Kingdom... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy_(1861-1946). ... Anthem Marcia Reale dOrdinanza (Royal March of Ordinance)¹ The Kingdom of Italy at the height of its power in 1940. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan_-_variant. ... Anthem Kimi ga Yo Imperial Reign Capital Tokyo Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1868–1912 Emperor Meiji  - 1912–1926 Emperor Taishō  - 1926–1989 Emperor Shōwa Prime Minister (many other Prime Ministers preceded the below list)  - 1916–1918 Count Masatake Terauchi  - 1937-1939, 1940-1941 Prince Fumimaro Konoe  - 1941–1944 Hideki... Image File history File links Flag_of_Montenegro_(1941-1944). ... Flag Anthem: Ubavoj nam Crnoj Gori, Onamo, namo! The Kingdom of Montenegro in 1913 Capital Cetinje Language(s) Serbian Religion Eastern Orthodox Government Monarchy King Nicholas I Historical era World War I  - Established 28 August, 1910  - Disestablished 26 November, 1918 Currency Montenegrin perper The Kingdom of Montenegro (Serbian: Краљевина Црнe Горe... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Maximum extent of Portuguese colonial possessions in the 16th century. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Axis Powers Flag of Romania Categories: Flag images ... From 1859 to 1877, Romania evolved from a personal union of two vassal principalities (Moldavia and Wallachia) under a single prince to a full-fledged independent kingdom with a Hohenzollern monarchy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Anthem: Bože Pravde [[Image:|250px|center|Location of the Kingdom of Serbia]] Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Serbian Government Monarchy  - King Milan (1882-1889)  - King Aleksandar (1889-1903)  - King Peter I (1903-1918) Proclamation March 6, 1882 Area  - Total  km² ([[List of countries and outlying territories by area|]])  sq... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ...

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Andorra. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_Armenia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bolivia_(state). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China_1912-1928. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Costa_Rica_(state). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bohemia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ecuador. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guatemala. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Liberia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Haiti. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Honduras. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nicaragua. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Panama. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Peru_(1825_-_1950). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_San_Marino. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Thailand. ... From 1768 to 1932 the area of modern Thailand was dominated by Siam, an absolute monarchy with capitals briefly at Thonburi and later at Rattanakosin, both in modern-day Bangkok. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uruguay. ...

Personnel and casualties of the Allied powers

These are estimates of the cumulative number of different personnel in uniform 1914-1918, including army, navy and auxiliary forces. At any one time, the various forces were much smaller. Only a fraction of them were combat troops. The numbers do not reflect the length of time each country was involved, or the number of casualties. (See also: World War I casualties.) Pie chart showing deaths by alliance and military/civilian. ...

Allied powers Personnel Killed in action Wounded in action Total casualties Casualties as % of total personnel
Australia 412,953[1] 61,928[2] 152,171 214,099 52%
Belgium 267,000[3] 38,172[3] 44,686 82,858 31%
Canada 628,964[1] 64,944[4] 149,732 214,676 34%
France 8,410,000[3] 1,397,800[5] 4,266,000 5,663,800 67%
Greece 230,000[3] 26,000[6] 21,000 47,000 20%
Indian Empire 1,440,437[1] 74,187[7] 69,214 143,401 10%
Italy 5,615,000[3] 651,010[8] 953,886 1,604,896 29%
Japan 800,000[3] 415[9] 907 1,322 <1%
Montenegro 50,000[3] 3,000 10,000 13,000 26%
New Zealand 128,525[1] 18,050[10] 41,317 59,367 46%
Newfoundland 11,922[1] 1,204[11] 2,314 3,518 30%
Portugal 100,000[3] 7,222[12] 13,751 20,973 21%
Romania 750,000[3] 250,000[13] 120,000 370,000 49%
Russia 12,000,000[3] 1,811,000[14] 4,950,000 6,761,000 56%
Serbia 707,343[3] 275,000[15] 133,148 408,148 58%
South Africa 136,070[1] 9,463[16] 12,029 21,492 16%
United Kingdom 6,200,000[2] 885,138[17] 1,663,435 2,548,573 41%
United States 4,355,000[3] 116,708[18] 205,690 322,398 7%
Total 42,243,214 5,691,241 12,809,280 18,500,521 44%

Bibliography

See List of World War I books List of World War I books is an annotated bibliography using APA style citations of the many books related to World War I. There are thousands of books written about this topic; therefore, the list has been segregated into groups to make it more manageable. ...

  • Ellis, John and Mike Cox. The World War I Databook: The Essential Facts and Figures for All the Combatants (2002)
  • Esposito, Vincent J. The West Point Atlas of American Wars: 1900-1918 (1997) despite the title covers entire war; online maps from this atlas
  • Falls, Cyril. The Great War (1960), general military history
  • Higham, Robin and Dennis E. Showalter, eds. Researching World War I: A Handbook (2003), historiography, stressing military themes
  • Pope, Stephen and Wheal, Elizabeth-Anne, eds. The Macmillan Dictionary of the First World War (1995)
  • Strachan, Hew. The First World War: Volume I: To Arms (2004)
  • Trask, David F. The United States in the Supreme War Council: American War Aims and Inter-Allied Strategy, 1917-1918 (1961)
  • Tucker, Spencer, ed. The Encyclopedia of World War I: A Political, Social, and Military History (5 vol 2005), online at eBook.com
  • Tucker, Spencer, ed. European Powers in the First World War: An Encyclopedia (1999)

Footnotes

  1. ^ The U.S. was not at war with the Ottoman Empire or Bulgaria[citation needed].
  2. ^ Australia casualties
    Included in total are 55,000 killed or missing in action and died of wounds[6,85]-.
    The Commonwealth War Graves Commission Annual Report 2005-2006 is the source of total military dead.[4]-
    Totals include 2,005 military deaths during 1919-21[5]-. The 1922 War Office report listed 59,330 Army war dead[1,237].
  3. ^ Belgium casualties
    Included in total are 35,000 killed or missing in action and died of wounds[6,85] Figures include 13,716 killed and 24,456 missing up until Nov.11, 1918. "These figures are approximate only, the records being incomplete." [1,352].
  4. ^ Canada casualties
    Included in total are 53,000 killed or missing in action and died of wounds.[6,85]
    The Commonwealth War Graves Commission Annual Report 2005-2006 is the source of total military dead.[4]
    Totals include 3,789 military deaths during 1919-21 and 150 Merchant Navy deaths[5]-. The losses of Newfoundland are listed separately on this table. The 1922 War Office report listed 56,639 Army war dead[1,237].
  5. ^ France casualties
    Included in total are 1,186,000 killed or missing in action and died of wounds[6,85]. Totals include the deaths of 71,100 French colonial troops. [7,414]-Figures include war related military deaths of 28,600 from 11/11/1918 to 6/1/1919.[7,414]
  6. ^ Greece casualties
    Jean Bujac in a campaign history of the Greek Army in World War One listed 8,365 combat related deaths and 3,255 missing[8,339], The Soviet researcher Boris Urlanis estimated total dead of 26,000 including 15,000 military deaths due disease[6,160]
  7. ^ Indian Empire casualties
    British India included present-day India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
    Included in total are 27,000 killed or missing in action and died of wounds[6,85].
    The Commonwealth War Graves Commission Annual Report 2005-2006 is the source of total military dead.[4]
    Totals include 15,069 military deaths during 1919-21 and 1,841 Canadian Merchant Navy dead[5]. The 1922 War Office report listed 64,454 Army war dead[1,237]
  8. ^ Italy casualties
    Included in total are 433,000 killed or missing in action and died of wounds[6,85]
    Figures of total military dead are from a 1925 Italian report using official data[9].
  9. ^ War dead figure is from a 1991 history of the Japanese Army[10,111].
  10. ^ New Zealand casualties
    Included in total are 14,000 killed or missing in action and died of wounds[6,85].
    The Commonwealth War Graves Commission Annual Report 2005-2006 is the source of total military dead.[4]
    Totals include 702 military deaths during 1919-21[5]. The 1922 War Office report listed 16,711 Army war dead[1,237].
  11. ^ Newfoundland casualties
    Newfoundland was a Dominion at the time, and not part of Canada. The 1922 War Office report listed 1,204 Army war dead[1,237]
  12. ^ Portugal casualties
    Figures include the following killed and died of other causes up until Jan.1, 1920; 1,689 in France and 5,333 in Africa. Figures do not include an additional 12,318 listed as missing and POW[1,354].
  13. ^ Romania casualties
    Military dead is "The figure reported by the Rumanian Government in reply to a questionnnaire from the International Labour Office"[6,64]. Included in total are 177,000 killed or missing in action and died of wounds[6,85].
  14. ^ Russia casualties
    Included in total are 1,451,000 killed or missing in action and died of wounds[6,85]. The estimate of total Russian military losses was made by the Soviet researcher Boris Urlanis.[6,46-57]
  15. ^ Serbia casualties
    Included in total are 165,000 killed or missing in action and died of wounds[6,85].The estimate of total combined Serbian and Montenegrin military losses of 278,000 was made by the Soviet researcher Boris Urlanis[6,62-64]
  16. ^ South Africa casualties
    Included in total are 5,000 killed or missing in action and died of wounds[6,85]
    The Commonwealth War Graves Commission Annual Report 2005-2006 is the source of total military dead.[4]
    Totals include 380 military deaths during 1919-21[15]. The 1922 War Office report listed 7,121 Army war dead[1,237].
  17. ^ UK and Crown Colonies casualties
    Included in total are 624,000 killed or missing in action and died of wounds[6,85].
    The Commonwealth War Graves Commission Annual Report 2005-2006 is the source of total military dead.[4]
    Military dead total includes 34,663 deaths during 1919-21 and 13,632 British Merchant Navy deaths[5]. The losses of Newfoundland are listed separately on this table. The 1922 War Office report listed 702,410 war dead for the UK[1,237], 507 from "Other colonies"[1,237] and the Royal Navy (32,287)[1,339].
    The British Merchant Navy losses of 14,661 were listed separately [1,339]; The 1922 War Office report detailed the deaths of 310 military personnel due to air and sea bombardment of the UK[1,674-678].
  18. ^ United States casualties
    Official military war deaths listed by the US Dept. of Defense for the period ending Dec. 31, 1918 are 116,516; which includes 53,402 battle deaths and 63,114 other deaths.[1], The US Coast Guard lost an additional 192 dead [11,481].

Ottoman redirects here. ... The Azmak Cemetery, near Suvla Bay, Turkey, contains the graves of some of the soldiers who died during the Gallipoli Campaign. ... Old War Office Building, seen from Whitehall, London - the former location of the War Office The War Office was a former department of the British Government, responsible for the administration of the British Army between the 17th century and 1963, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence. ... The Azmak Cemetery, near Suvla Bay, Turkey, contains the graves of some of the soldiers who died during the Gallipoli Campaign. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Merchant Marine. ... Old War Office Building, seen from Whitehall, London - the former location of the War Office The War Office was a former department of the British Government, responsible for the administration of the British Army between the 17th century and 1963, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence. ... The Azmak Cemetery, near Suvla Bay, Turkey, contains the graves of some of the soldiers who died during the Gallipoli Campaign. ... Source: This article contains material from the CIA World Factbook which, as a US government publication, is in the public domain. ... Old War Office Building, seen from Whitehall, London - the former location of the War Office The War Office was a former department of the British Government, responsible for the administration of the British Army between the 17th century and 1963, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence. ... The Azmak Cemetery, near Suvla Bay, Turkey, contains the graves of some of the soldiers who died during the Gallipoli Campaign. ... Old War Office Building, seen from Whitehall, London - the former location of the War Office The War Office was a former department of the British Government, responsible for the administration of the British Army between the 17th century and 1963, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence. ... Motto: Quaerite Prime Regnum Dei (Latin: Seek ye first the kingdom of God) Anthem: Ode to Newfoundland Capital St. ... This article is about Dominions of the British Empire and of the Commonwealth of Nations. ... Old War Office Building, seen from Whitehall, London - the former location of the War Office The War Office was a former department of the British Government, responsible for the administration of the British Army between the 17th century and 1963, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... The Azmak Cemetery, near Suvla Bay, Turkey, contains the graves of some of the soldiers who died during the Gallipoli Campaign. ... Old War Office Building, seen from Whitehall, London - the former location of the War Office The War Office was a former department of the British Government, responsible for the administration of the British Army between the 17th century and 1963, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence. ... A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... The Azmak Cemetery, near Suvla Bay, Turkey, contains the graves of some of the soldiers who died during the Gallipoli Campaign. ... For the steam locomotives, see SR Merchant Navy Class. ... Old War Office Building, seen from Whitehall, London - the former location of the War Office The War Office was a former department of the British Government, responsible for the administration of the British Army between the 17th century and 1963, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... For the steam locomotives, see SR Merchant Navy Class. ... Old War Office Building, seen from Whitehall, London - the former location of the War Office The War Office was a former department of the British Government, responsible for the administration of the British Army between the 17th century and 1963, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence. ...

References

  • 1. ^ -Statistics of the Military Effort of the British Empire During the Great War 1914-1920, The War Office March 1922 -Reprinted by Naval & Military Press- ISBN 1847346812
  • 2. ^ Gilbert,Martin-Atlas of World War I, Oxford UP, 1994. ISBN 0195210778
  • 3. ^ -Tucker, Spencer C. The European Powers in the First World War: An Encyclopedia, Garland Publishing, New York, 1999, ISBN 0-8153-3351-X
  • 4. ^ -The Commonwealth War Graves Commission Annual Report 2005-2006 -The report is available online at [2].
  • 5. ^ -The Commonwealth War Graves Commission Debt of Honour Register.[3]
  • 6. ^ -Urlanis, Boris, Wars and Population, Moscow, 1971
  • 7. ^ -"Huber M.,La Population de la France pendant la guerre, Paris 1931
  • 8. ^ -"Bujac, Jean. Les campagnes de l'armèe Hellènique, 1918-1922, Paris, 1930
  • 9. ^ Mortara, G. La Salute pubblica in Italia durante e dopo la Guerra, New Haven: Yale University Press 1925.
  • 10. ^ Harries, Merion, Soldiers of the Sun-The Rise and Fall of the Imperial Japanese Army,Random House, 1991 ISBN 0679753036
  • 11. ^  Michael Clodfelter. Warfare and Armed Conflicts- A Statistical Reference to Casualty and Other Figures, 1500-2000. 2nd Ed. 2002 ISBN 0-7864-1204-6.

The Azmak Cemetery, near Suvla Bay, Turkey, contains the graves of some of the soldiers who died during the Gallipoli Campaign. ... The Azmak Cemetery, near Suvla Bay, Turkey, contains the graves of some of the soldiers who died during the Gallipoli Campaign. ...

See also

World War I Portal

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