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Encyclopedia > Allier
Allier
Coat of Arms of Allier
Details
Information
Number 03
Region Auvergne
Prefecture Moulins
Subprefectures Montluçon
Vichy
Population
 -Total (1999)
 -Density
Ranked 63rd
344,721
47/km²
Area 7340 km²
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 35
Communes 320
President of the
General Council
Gérard Dériot
Location
For other uses, see Allier (disambiguation).

Allier is a département in south-central France named after the Allier River. Image File history File links Blason03. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to British counties. ... France is divided into 26 régions: 21 of these are in the continental part of metropolitan France, one is Corse on the island of Corsica (although strictly speaking Corse is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common... Capital Clermont-Ferrand Area 26,013 km² Regional President Pierre-Joël Bonté (PS) (since 2004) Population  - 2004 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density (Ranked 19th) 1,327,000 1,308,878 51/km² (2004) Arrondissements 14 Cantons 158 Communes 1,310 Départements Allier Cantal Haute-Loire Puy-de-Dôme... In France, a préfecture is the capital city of a département. ... Moulins is a city and commune in central France, préfecture (capital) of the Allier département. ... Subprefecture is an administrative level that is below prefecture or province. ... Montluçon is a city and commune in central France. ... Vichy is a spa and resort town in central France, near Clermont-Ferrand and was the capital of Vichy France from 1940 to 1944. ... For the album by Prince, see 1999 (album) 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Categories: Lists of subnational entities ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ... The canton is an administrative division of France. ... The commune (in French: commune, word appeared in the 12th century, from Medieval Latin communia, gathering of people sharing a common life, from Latin communis, things held in common) is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... The following is a list of the 320 communes of the Allier département in France. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Image File history File links Credit(s): fr:Utilisateur:Rinaldum Source: french wikipedia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Allier may refer to: Allier, a département in south-central France named after the Allier River Allier, a commune of the Hautes-Pyrénées département, in southwestern France This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to British counties. ... Allier is a river in central France, tributary to the river Loire. ...

Contents


History

Allier was one of the original 83 départements created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Auvergne and Bourbonnais. During the French Revolution (1789-1799) democracy and republicanism replaced the absolute monarchy in France, and the French sector of the Roman Catholic Church was forced to undergo radical restructuring. ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... 1790 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Kingdom of France was organized into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the département system superseded provinces. ... Auvergne coat of arms Auvergne (Occitan: Auvèrnha) was the name of an historically independent county in the center of France, as well as later a province of France. ... Bourbonnais was an historic province in the centre of France that corresponded to the modern département of Allier, along with part of the département of Cher. ...


In 1940, the government of Marshal Philippe Pétain chose the town of Vichy as its capital. Philippe Pétain Marshal Henri Philippe Benoni Omer Joseph Pétain (24 April 1856 – 23 July 1951), generally known as Philippe Pétain or Marshal Pétain, was a French general and war hero, and Head of State of Vichy France, from 1940 to 1944. ... Vichy is a spa and resort town in central France, near Clermont-Ferrand and was the capital of Vichy France from 1940 to 1944. ...


Geography

The département belongs to the région Auvergne and is surrounded by the following French départements: Cher, Nièvre, Saône-et-Loire, Loire, Puy-de-Dôme, and Creuse. France is divided into 26 régions: 21 of these are in the continental part of metropolitan France, one is Corse on the island of Corsica (although strictly speaking Corse is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common... Capital Clermont-Ferrand Area 26,013 km² Regional President Pierre-Joël Bonté (PS) (since 2004) Population  - 2004 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density (Ranked 19th) 1,327,000 1,308,878 51/km² (2004) Arrondissements 14 Cantons 158 Communes 1,310 Départements Allier Cantal Haute-Loire Puy-de-Dôme... Cher on the cover of her album Living Proof Cher (born Cherilyn Sarkisian on May 20, 1946) is an American actress and singer of half Armenian, Scots Irish, and 1/16th Cherokee descent. ... Nièvre is a département in the center of France named after the Nièvre River. ... Saône-et-Loire is a French département, named after the Saône and the Loire rivers. ... Loire is a département in the east-central part of France occupying the Loire Rivers upper reaches. ... Puy-de-Dôme is a département in the center of France named after the famous dormant volcano, the Puy-de-Dôme. ... Creuse is a département in central France named after the Creuse River. ...


The following rivers run through Allier:

See also: List of the communes of the Allier département. Allier is a river in central France, tributary to the river Loire. ... The Loire is wide; here in Orléans, half of it is shown, up to a dividing half-flooded island. ... Cher is a river in central France, tributary to the river Loire. ... The following is a list of the 320 communes of the Allier département in France. ...


Economy

Allier is the most productive agricultural area of the Auvergne. Vichy has long been known for its water, which is exported throughout the world. Capital Clermont-Ferrand Area 26,013 km² Regional President Pierre-Joël Bonté (PS) (since 2004) Population  - 2004 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density (Ranked 19th) 1,327,000 1,308,878 51/km² (2004) Arrondissements 14 Cantons 158 Communes 1,310 Départements Allier Cantal Haute-Loire Puy-de-Dôme...


Demographics

Montluçon, Vichy, and Moulins are the principal cities. The rest of the département consists of smaller towns, mostly along the rivers. In general, the 'département is sparsely populated. The population increased until the end of the 19th century because of the growth of industry in Montluçon and Moulins and development of the thermal resources at Vichy. At that time the 'département had over 420,000 inhabitants. After the losses of World War I, the population stagnated, with a small increase in the 1960s. Since then, it has decreased slightly from 386,533 in 1968 to 344,721 in 1999. Montluçon is a city and commune in central France. ... Vichy is a spa and resort town in central France, near Clermont-Ferrand and was the capital of Vichy France from 1940 to 1944. ... Moulins or Moulin (French for mill) is the name or part of the name of several communes in France. ... World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machine guns, and poison gas World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of the Nations and...


External links

  • Prefecture website (in France)
  • Conseil Général website (in French)
  • Map of Allier
Départements of France Flag of France
01 | 02 | 03 | 04 | 05 | 06 | 07 | 08 | 09 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 2A | 2B | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80 | 81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85 | 86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93 | 94 | 95
Les DOM-TOM: 971 | 972 | 973 | 974 | 975 | 976 | 986 | 987 | 988 | French Southern Territories | Îles Éparses
Administrative divisions of France: régions - départements - arrondissements - cantons - communes

  Results from FactBites:
 
Allier - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (242 words)
Allier is a département in south-central France named after the Allier River.
Allier was one of the original 83 départements created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790.
Allier is the most productive agricultural area of the Auvergne.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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