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Encyclopedia > Allameh Tabatabaei
Iranian scholar
Allameh Tabatabaei (sitting left), one of contemporary's greatest Islamic Philosophers, chatting with Ayatollah al-Shirazi
Name: Allameh Tabatabaei
Birth:
School/tradition: Shi'a Twelver
Influences:
Influenced: Muhammad al-Tijani[citation needed]

Allameh Tabatabaei (1892-1981) is one of the most prominent thinkers of contemporary Shia Islam. He is famous for the historical landmark work Tafsir al-Mizan. ImageMetadata File history File links Al-Shirazi_(2). ... Ayatollah al-Udhma Shirazi Ayatollah Al-udhma Haj Sayyed Abdullah al-Shirazi (Feb 25, 1892 – September 29, 1984) was a Grand Ayatollah of Shia Islam. ... Shia Islam ( Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite or Shiite) is the second largest Islamic denomination; some 20-25% of all Muslims are said to follow a Shia tradition. ... Twelvers or the Ithna Asharia are members of the group of Shias who believe in twelve Imams. ... Dr. Muhammad al-Tijani al-Samawi was a Tunisian student who was raised in a family that followed the rites of the Sufi Tijaniyyah order, based on the teachings of Sidi Ahmed al-Tidjani. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Al-Mizan fi tafsiril-Quran, popularly known as Tafsir al-Mizan, is a very famous and volumnous tafsir or exegesis of the Quran written by the eminent Shia scholar Allameh Tabatabaei. ...

Contents

Name

Allameh Seyyed Muhammad Husayn Tabataba'i (علامه سید محمد حسین طباطبائی) Sayyid (Arabic: سيد also rendered as syed, seyyed, sayyed, saiyed, or sayed) is an honorific title often given to descendants of Muhammad through his grandsons, Hussein and Hasan, the sons of his daughter Fatima Zahra and his son-in-law Ali ibn Abi Talib (who was Muhammads younger cousin and... Muhammad is a common anglicized spelling of the Arabic given name, writen in Arabic script as محمد (M-Ḥ-M-D, read from left to right). ... Tabatabai is a nesbat that denotes that the titled individual has a both a mother and father that are Seyyed, ie, trace their geneology straight back to the Islamic prophet Muhammad. ...


Biography

Born in the Azerbaijani-speaking city of Tabriz in northwestern Iran he studied at Najaf, under great masters such as Mirza 'Ali Qadi (in gnosis), Mirza Muhammad Husain Na'ini, Shaykh Muhammad Husain Isfahani (in Fiqh and Jurisprudence), Sayyid Abu'l-Qasim Khwansari (in Mathematics), as well as studying the standard texts of Avicenna's Shifa, the Asfar of Sadr al-Din Shirazi, and the Tamhid al-qawa'id of Ibn Turkah, with Sayyid Husayn Badkuba'i, himself a student of two of the most famous masters of the time Sayyid Abu'l-Hasan Jilwah and Aqa 'Ali Mudarris Zunuzi. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Najaf (Arabic: ‎; BGN: An Najaf) is a city in Iraq about 160 km south of Baghdad. ... Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, as imagined by by Raphael in this detail from The School of Athens. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... MollaSadra, Irans greatest philosopher, responsible for the intellectual rennaissance movement of Iran in the 17th century. ...


In his later years he would often hold study sessions with Henry Corbin and Seyyed Hossein Nasr, in which not only the classical texts of divine wisdom and gnosis were discussed, but also a whole cycle of what Nasr calls comparative gnosis, in which in each session the sacred texts of one of the major religions, containing mystical and gnostic teachings, such as the Tao Te Ching, the Upanishads and the Gospel of John, were discussed and compared with Sufism and Islamic gnostic doctrines in general. Henry Corbin (April , 1903 - October 7, 1978) was a philosopher, theologian and professor of Islamic Studies at the Sorbonne in Paris. ... Nasr is an internationally acclaimed scholar [1]. Seyyed Hossein Nasr, (Persian: سيد حسين نصر) A lifelong student and follower of Frithjof Schuon, Persian philosopher and renowned scholar of comparative religion, is a prominent authority in the fields of Islamic esoterism, sufism, philosophy of science, and metaphysics. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Tao Te Ching (道德經, Pinyin: D Jīng, thus sometimes rendered in recent works as Dao De Jing; archaic pre-Wade-Giles rendering: Tao Teh Ching; roughly translated as The Book of the Way and its Virtue (see dedicated chapter below on translating the title)) is... The Upanishads (उपनिषद्, Upanişad) are part of the Hindu Shruti scriptures which primarily discuss meditation and philosophy and are seen as religious instructions by most schools of Hinduism. ... The Gospel of John is the fourth gospel in the canon of the New Testament, traditionally ascribed to John the Evangelist. ... Sufism is a mystic tradition that found a home in Islam and encompasses a diverse range of beliefs and practices dedicated to Allah, divine love and the cultivation of the heart. ...


Tabatabaei was a philosopher, a prolific writer, and an inspiring teacher to his students who devoted much of his life to non-political Islamic studies. Many of his students were among the ideological founders of the Islamic Republic of Iran, namely Morteza Motahhari, Dr. Beheshti, and Dr. Mohammad Mofatteh. Others like Nasr and Hasanzadeh Amuli remained and continued their studies in the intellectual non-political sphere. Ayatollah Morteza Motahhari (مرتضی مطهری; February 3, 1920 – May 1, 1979) was an Iranian scholar, cleric, professor, and politician. ... Mohammad Beheshti Ayatollah Seyyed Mohammad Hosseini Beheshti (محمد حسینی بهشتی in Persian), (October 24, 1928 - June 28, 1981) was an Iranian cleric, the secretary-general of the Islamic Republic party, and the head of the Islamic Republics judicial system. ... Imam Khomeini And Martyr Mohammad Mofatteh. ... Professor Seyyed Hossein Nasr, who recently won the Templeton Award for teaching the best course in Islam in America. ...


Published works

It was in Najaf where Tabatabaei developed his major contributions in the fields of Tafsir (interpretation), philosophy, and history of the Shi'a faith. In philosophy the most important of his works is Usul-i falsafeh va ravesh-e-realism (The Principles of Philosophy and the Method of Realism), which has been published in five volumes with explanatory notes and the commentary of Morteza Motahhari. Najaf (Arabic: ‎; BGN: An Najaf) is a city in Iraq about 160 km south of Baghdad. ... Ayatollah Morteza Motahhari (مرتضی مطهری; February 3, 1920 – May 1, 1979) was an Iranian scholar, cleric, professor, and politician. ...


His other major philosophical work is a voluminous commentary of Asfār al-'arba'eh, the magnum opus of Mulla Sadra who was the last of the great Persian (Iranian) Muslim thinkers of the medieval age. Apart from these he also wrote extensively on philosophical topics. His humanist approach is underlined by his three books on: the nature of man - before the world, in this world, and after this world. His philosophy is focused upon the sociological treatment of human problems. His two other works, Bidāyat al-hikmah and Nihāyat al-hikmah, are considered among works of high order in Islamic philosophy. ملاصدرا or Mulla Sadra (aka Molla Sadra or Mollasadra) also called Sadr Ad-Din Ash- Shirazi (c. ...


Several treatises on the doctrines and history of the Shi'a remain from him as well. One of these comprises his clarifications and expositions about Shi'a faith in reply to the questions posed by the famous French orientalist Henry Corbin. Another of his books on this topic Shi'ah dar Islam was translated into English by Seyyed Hossein Nasr under the title Shi'ite Islam, with the help of William Chittick as a project of Colgate University. These books are claimed to serve as an excellent conduit by which popular misconceptions about the Shi'a faith may be removed further paving the way for a better ecumenical understanding amongst the various Muslim schools of thought. Shia Islam ( Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite or Shiite) is the second largest Islamic denomination; some 20-25% of all Muslims are said to follow a Shia tradition. ... Shia Islam ( Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite or Shiite) is the second largest Islamic denomination; some 20-25% of all Muslims are said to follow a Shia tradition. ... Henry Corbin (April , 1903 - October 7, 1978) was a philosopher, theologian and professor of Islamic Studies at the Sorbonne in Paris. ... Nasr is an internationally acclaimed scholar [1]. Seyyed Hossein Nasr, (Persian: سيد حسين نصر) A lifelong student and follower of Frithjof Schuon, Persian philosopher and renowned scholar of comparative religion, is a prominent authority in the fields of Islamic esoterism, sufism, philosophy of science, and metaphysics. ... Shia Islam is an important text on the history and thought of Shia Islam. ... William C. Chittick is a renowned Islamologist. ... Colgate in fall. ...


Tabatabaei's most prominent work is the Tafsir al-Mizān, which is the outcome of the Allamah's lifelong labor in the sphere of Qur'anic studies. His method, style, and approach are uniquely different from those of all other exegetes of the Qur'an. Mutahari has written that there is not a single issue regarding Islam that has not been addressed in this work and it would take people 60-100 years to understand the true value of this undertaking. An Allamah (Persian: علامه), also spelled Allameh and Allama, is an honorary title carried by only the very highest scholars (marjas) of Islamic thought, jurisprudence, and philosophy. ... Ayatollah Morteza Motahhari (مرتضی مطهری; February 3, 1920 – May 1, 1979) was an Iranian scholar, cleric, professor, and politician. ...


Allameh Tabatabaei was also an accomplished poet. He composed his poetry mainly in Persian, but occasionally in Arabic as well. He was also the author of numerous articles and essays. An Allamah (Persian: علامه), also spelled Allameh and Allama, is an honorary title carried by only the very highest scholars (marjas) of Islamic thought, jurisprudence, and philosophy. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ...


His written books number forty-four titles overall; three of which are collections of his articles on various aspects of Islam and the Qur'an.


List of works

  • Tafsir al-Mizan (The Balance). The Allahmah's most important single work, a monumental commentary upon the Qur'an of which nineteen of the projects & twenty volumes have been completed, and fourteen volumes already printed, in the origin Arabic as was in Persian translation.
  • Shi'a Islam (Book) (Persian: Shi’ah dar islam)
  • The Principles of Philosophy and the Method of Realism (Iranian: Usul-i-falsafeh va ravesh-i-ri'alism) in five volumes, with the commentary of Murtada Mutahhari.
  • Glosses al-kifayah (Persian: Hashiyahi kifayah). Glosses upon the new edition of the Asfar of Sadr al-Din Shirizi Mulla Sadra appearing under the direction of 'Allahma Tabataba'i of which seven volumes have appeared.
  • Dialogues with Professor Corbin (Iranian: Mushabat ba Ustad Kurban) Two volumes based on conversations carried out between 'Allahma Tabataba'i and Henry Corbin of which the first volume was printed as the yearbook of Maktab-i tashayyu’, 1339 (A.H. Solar)
  • Risalah dar hukumat-i islami, (Treatise on Islamic Government).
  • Hashiyah-i kifayah (Glosses upon al-Kifayah).
  • Risalah dar quwwah wafi'(Treatise on Potentiality and Actuality).
  • Risalah dar ithbat-i dha~t (Treatise on the Proof of the Divine Essence).
  • Risalah dar sifat (Treatise on the Divine Attributes).
  • Risalah dar ata (Treatise on the Divine Acts).
  • Risalah dar wasa'il (Treatise on Means).
  • Risalah dar insan qabl al-dunya (Treatise on Man before the World)
  • Risalah dar insan fi al-dunya (Treatise on Man in the World).
  • Risalah dar insan ba'd al-dunya (Treatise on Man after the World).
  • Risalah dar nubuwwat (Treatise on Prophecy).
  • Risalah dar wilayat (Treatise on Initiation).
  • Risalah dar mushtaqqat (Treatise on Derivatives).
  • Risalah dar burhan (Treatise on Demonstration).
  • Risalah dar mughalatah (Treatise on Sophism).
  • Risalah dar tahlil (Treatise on Analysis).
  • Risalah dar tarkib (Treatise on Synthesis).
  • Risalah dar i’tibarat (Treatise on Contingents).
  • Risalah dar nubuwwat wa manamat (Treatise on Prophecy and Dreams)
  • Manza’mah dar rasm-i- khatt-i-nasta’liq (Poem on the Method of Writing the Nasta’liq Style of Calligraphy).
  • Ali wa al-falsafat al-ilahiya (Ali and Metaphysics)
  • Qur'an dar islam (The Qur’an in Islam).

Al-Mizan fi tafsiril-Quran, popularly known as Tafsir al-Mizan, is a very famous and volumnous tafsir or exegesis of the Quran written by the eminent Shia scholar Allameh Tabatabaei. ... Shia Islam is an important text on the history and thought of Shia Islam. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... ملاصدرا or Mulla Sadra (aka Molla Sadra or Mollasadra) also called Sadr Ad-Din Ash- Shirazi (c. ... Henry Corbin (April , 1903 - October 7, 1978) was a philosopher, theologian and professor of Islamic Studies at the Sorbonne in Paris. ...

See also

Allameh Tabatabaii University is a university in Tehran, Iran. ... Today there are basically three types of Islam in Iran: traditionalism (traditional humanism), modernism, and a variety of forms of revivalism usually brought together as fundamentalism. ... Islamic scholars are Muslim and non-Muslim scholars who work in one or more fields of Islamic studies. ... Islamization of knowledge is a term which describes a variety of attempts and approaches to synthesize the ethics of Islam with various fields of modern thought. ... Islamic philosophy (الفلسفة الإسلامية) is a part of the Islamic studies, and is a longstanding attempt to create harmony between faith, reason or philosophy, and the religious teachings of Islam. ... Ayatollah al-Udhma Shirazi Ayatollah Al-udhma Haj Sayyed Abdullah al-Shirazi (Feb 25, 1892 – September 29, 1984) was a Grand Ayatollah of Shia Islam. ... Seyyed Ziaeddin Tabatabaee (Persian: سید ضیاءالدین طباطبایی) (1888 - 1969) was a Persian politician and the Prime Minister of Persia from February to May 1921 under Ahmad Shah, the last Shah of the Qajar dynasty. ... Conservative marjas[1] Naser Makarem Shirazi and Hossein Noori Hamedani This is a list of Marja Taqleeds (Grand Ayatollahs), which are followed by Usuli Shia Muslims around the world. ... Mohammad Baqer Majlesi, (علامه مجلسی) (1616 - 1689) known as Allameh Majlesi, was a famous Iranian Shia cleric of the Safavid era. ...

External link

  • al-Mizan

  Results from FactBites:
 
Allameh Tabatabaei at AllExperts (806 words)
Allameh Seyyed Muhammad Husayn Tabataba'i (1892-1981) (علامه سید محمد حسین طباطبائی) is one of the most prominent thinkers of contemporary Shia Islam.
Tabatabaei was a philosopher, a prolific writer, and an inspiring teacher to his students who devoted much of his life to non-political Islamic studies.
Tabatabaei's most prominent work is the Tafsir al-Mizān, which is the outcome of the Allamah's lifelong labor in the sphere of Qur'anic studies.
Allameh Tabatabaei - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (757 words)
Allameh Tabatabaei (1892-1981) is one of the most prominent thinkers of contemporary Shia Islam.
Others like Nasr and Hasanzadeh Amuli remained and continued their studies in the intellectual non-political sphere.
His method, style, and approach are uniquely different from those of all other exegetes of the Qur'an.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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