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Encyclopedia > All Parties Hurriyat Conference

The All Parties Hurriyat Conference(APHC) (formed March 10, 1993) is a political front formed as an alliance of 26 political, social and religious organizations in Kashmir. It was created to further the cause of Kashmiri separatism. "Hurriyat" in Urdu means "freedom". Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ...

Contents

History

The APHC succeeded another freedom-centric organisation Tehreeki Hurriyat Kashmir(THK)headed by advocate Mian Qayoom and started in 1989.At that time its members among others included:

Patron Islamic student’s league 1984 April 8:- Yasin Malik is the leader of the Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front (Yasin Malik). ... The Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), founded by Dr. Amanullah Khan is an Kashmiri terrorist organization that seeks the liberation of the Indian and Pakistani segments of the former Dogra kingdom of Jammu & Kashmir as it existed upto August 1947. ... Jamaat-e-Islami (Urdu: جماعتِ اlلامی, Islamic Assembly Jamaat, JI) is an Islamic political movement founded in Lahore by Maulana Maududi 26 August 1941. ...

 Arrested on way to the university campus and shifted to “RED16” Sonawar Torture Camp for one month, then to Central Jail Srinagar under Public Safety Act (PSA).the charge labeled was delivering a speech on Maqbool Butt’s chehlum (fortieth day of death).Released after several months of detention. 

Sep-oct 1984 :- Arrested again during examination of M.A. 2nd semester and shifted to Kuthwa Jail,then to Heera Nagar Jail srinagar for M.A. exam. 1985 July 13 :- Arrested in Islamabad and shifted to “RED16’.Then shifted to Kothi Bagh Police station for 4 months .Released after 2 years of detention.Even during 1987 election he was behind the bars. 1989 February:- Arrested from Jammu while working as a Journalist. Taken to Talab Tilloo torture Camp for one month.Then shifted to “RED16”,then to Shergadhi Police Station.Shifted again to Central Jail and released from there after several months of detention . 1990 April 15:- Arrested by army from Zakura and subsequently tortured at an Army Camp.Kept in extremely inhumane conditions for a month.Shifted to Ktbalwal Torture Camp,then to central Jail Jammu,then to Heera Nagar Jail,then kotbalwal ,then to Central Jail Amphala.Released on 11th June 1994,after 1525days of detention. 1994August 24:- Arrested on Milad at Gowkadal,shifted to Hari Niwas Camp and released on oct1994 after 1 month . 1995 Aug 11;-

 Was Arrested for organizing a religious procession. 

1996 June 5;- Arrested from Election Boycott Room of Hurriyat Office and shifted to Central Jail srinagar,then shifted to Udhampur Jail,Jammu.Released on May 2000. 2001. June 5:- Arrested on Milad from Khanqah-e-Maula and send to Central Jail srinagar,and then to kotbalwal Jail Jammu.Then send to Jodhpur Jail,India.Released in December 2004,after 1260 days in detention under Unlawful Activity Act (13 ULF).First time produced in Court Of Law during 20 years. 2005, Feb ,5:- Arrested during Election Boycott Campaign in Islamabad. Arrested from Lal Chowk and shifted to Central Jail Srinagar.Released after 1 month in captivity. 2006,nov,22:- Arrested from Raj Bagh and shifted to Central Jail Srinagar .Released after 1 ½ months. ]]'s Islamic Students League www.islamicstudentsleaguejk.blogspot.com

  • Muslim Conference led by Abdul Ghani Bhat

The THK was not able to exert much influnce on the politics of Kashmir. This was when the Hurriyat conference was formed. Mirwaiz Moulvi Umar Farooq then the Chairman of the J & K Awami Action Committee played an important role in forming the Conference. Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ...


Objectives

According to its constitution, the APHC was intended to be a union of political, social and religious parties of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Purpose/ goals of the organisation are as follows: This article is about the area administered by India. ...


- Wage a peaceful struggle to secure the right to self determination(limited without right to indepnedence) of the people of Kashmir.


- Endeavour to find an alternative solution by involving all three parties to the dispute.Viz, India, Pakistan and Kashmir,under UN auspicious or friendly country


- to Project the ongoing struggle to the international Community as a struggle against the "forcible and fradulent Occupation of Kahmir by India".


- Endeavour to promote a soceity based on islamic values keeping in mind the Muslim Majority Character of the state.At the same time, safegaurding the rights and Interests of Non Muslims.


List of Members

The APHC started off as an umbrella organisation with 26 members.

  1. Aawami Action Committee
  2. Jamaat-e-Islami
  3. Jammu and Kashmir People's Conference
  4. Muslim Conference
  5. Jammu & Kashmir Liberation Front
  6. People's League
  7. Ittihad-ul Muslimeen
  8. All Jammu & Kashmir Employees’ Confederation
  9. Employees and Workers Confederation
  10. Anjaman-e-Tablig-ul Islam
  11. Liberation Council
  12. Jamiat-e-Ahle Hadith
  13. Kashmir Bazme Tawheed
  14. Jamiat-e-Hamdania
  15. Kashmir Bar Association
  16. Political Conference
  17. Tehreek-e-Huriati Kashmiri
  18. Jamiate Ulama-E-Islam
  19. Anjamani Auqafi Jama Masjid
  20. Muslim Khawateen Markaz
  21. Jammu and Kashmir Human Rights Committee
  22. Jammu and Kashmir People's Basic Rights (Protection) Committee
  23. Employees & Workers Confederation (Arsawi Group)
  24. Students Islamic League
  25. Islamic Study Circle
  26. Auquaf Jama Masjid

The important parties of the Executive Council of the APHC are:

  • Jamat-e-Islami,Syed Ali Shah Geelani
  • Awami Action Committee Mirwaiz Umar Farooq
  • People's League,Sheikh Abdul Aziz
  • Itehad-ul-Muslimeen Moulvi Abbas Ansari
  • Muslim Conference, Prof. Abdul Ghani Bhat
  • JKLF, Yasin Malik
  • People's Conference,Sajid Lone son of Abdul Ghani Lone.

Syed Ali Shah Geelani (born September 29, 1929)[1] is a separatist leader from the Indian controlled part of Jammu and Kashmir, who favours the accession of Kashmir to Pakistan. ... Yasin Malik is the leader of the Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front (Yasin Malik). ...

Role in the Politics of Kashmir

The APHC does not recognise the Indian Constitution and has stayed away from all elections held in the state of Kashmir so far. It blames the lack of sincereity of India for the failure of the repeated attempts at the resolution of the Kashmir issue. It has consistently criticized and Accused the Indian Troops present in Kashmir of Human Rights Violations. Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ...


The APHC is divided into two factions. One, led by Mirwaiz Omar Farooq, favours independence, the second, the Tehreek-i-Hurriyat, led by Syed Ali Shah Geelani favours the accession of Kashmir to Pakistan. From 2004 the Omar Farooq faction has held three rounds of talks with the Government of India. Mirwaiz Muhammad Omar Farooq is the chairman of the All Parties Hurriyat Conference, a coalition of disparate political parties in Jammu and Kashmir that wish independence for the state. ... Syed Ali Shah Geelani (born September 29, 1929)[1] is a separatist leader from the Indian controlled part of Jammu and Kashmir, who favours the accession of Kashmir to Pakistan. ...


The Hurriyat boycotted the May 2006 round table conference in Srinagar which leaders of Jammu and Kashmir, and the Prime Minister of India attended. This was a setback to the Hurriyat's dialogue with New Delhi.


The All Parties Hurriyat Conference is not considered truly representative of minority groups in the Kashmir Valley, although some members, such as Bhushan Bazaz from the Hindu community, come from the non-Sunni Muslim populations of Kashmir. Maulana Abbas Ansari, the former head of the APHC, was a Kashmir of Shiite descent.


External links

'Relevance of Hurriyat' Article in outlook by Rajinder Puri http://outlookindia.com/full.asp?fodname=20060612&fname=Bulls+Eye&sid=1 and also the Jammu and Kashmir freedom front has become close to the APHC now and its military wing still carries out armed struggle against Indian rule. It remains a major protagonist of Kashiri freedom and independence.


 
 

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