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Encyclopedia > Alkmaar
Alkmaar
Coordinates: 52.63°′″N 4.75°′″E / Expression error: Unexpected / operator, Expression error: Unexpected / operator
Country Netherlands
Province North Holland
Area (2006)
 - Municipality 31.22 km²  (12.1 sq mi)
 - Land 29.51 km² (11.4 sq mi)
 - Water 1.71 km² (0.7 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2007)
 - Municipality 94,216
 - Density 3,193/km² (8,269.8/sq mi)
  Source: CBS, Statline.
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website:www.alkmaar.nl
Accijnstoren
Accijnstoren
Cheese market
Cheese market
Canal and bridge
Canal and bridge
Weighing house
Weighing house

Image:Ltspkr.pngAlkmaar (West Frisian: Alkmare) is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of Noord Holland. Besides the city of Alkmaar, the municipality also comprises the villages of Koedijk and Oudorp; these once separate villages are now all linked together by the suburban sprawl of buildings that arose between the late 1970s and early 1990s. During this time, the population of Alkmaar almost doubled. Image File history File links Dutch_Municipality_Alkmaar_2006. ... Capital Haarlem Queens Commissioner Mr. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Statistics Netherlands is a Dutch governmental institution that gathers statistical information about the Netherlands. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... Image File history File links Alkmaar_Accijnstoren. ... Image File history File links Alkmaar_Accijnstoren. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 640 × 480 pixelsFull resolution (640 × 480 pixel, file size: 311 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Alkmaar Metadata This file contains additional... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 640 × 480 pixelsFull resolution (640 × 480 pixel, file size: 311 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Alkmaar Metadata This file contains additional... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1536 × 2048 pixel, file size: 993 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Alkmaar Waag Metadata... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1536 × 2048 pixel, file size: 993 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Alkmaar Waag Metadata... The purpose of this page is to lay out our policies for handling sounds, and give people some useful information for handling sound files. ... West Frisian (in Dutch called Westfries) was a language which was spoken in the histrorical region West Friesland. ... Capital Haarlem Queens Commissioner Mr. ... Koedijk is a village in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Windmill Ambachtsmolen in Oudorp Oudorp is a village in the Dutch province of North Holland. ...


Alkmaar's cheese market at the Waagplein, is one of the country's most popular tourist attractions. The cheese market traditionally takes place upon the first friday in April and the last market of the season is the first friday in September. Every friday morning (10.00-12.00 a.m.) the Waagplein is the decor of this traditional cheesemarket. After the old fashion way of a hand-clap, traders and carriers will weigh the cheeses. It is one of only four traditional Dutch cheese markets still in existence. The traditional fare of this cheese market are those cheeses made in the local area, as opposed to the well-known brands of Dutch cheeses, i.e. Edam cheese and Gouda cheese. It is not actually possible to buy cheese at the market itself, which is really only a demonstration of how this merchants' market operated in times gone by. However, the demonstration, which takes place in front of the medieval weighing house, is surrounded by many specialized stalls where it is possible to buy all kinds of cheese (and non-cheese) related products. There are four cheese markets still operating in the Netherlands. ... Edam is a Dutch cheese that is traditionally sold as spheres with pale yellow interior and a coat of red or yellow paraffin. ... Country of origin The Netherlands Region, town Gouda Source of milk Cows Pasteurized Yes Texture semi-hard Aging time 4-18 months Certification  ?? Gouda cheese is a yellowish Dutch cheese named after the city of Gouda. ...


The weighing house is home to the local tourist office and a cheese museum. Alkmaar also has a stadsmuseum where you can see the history of the city, a beer museum and a museum dedicated to The Beatles, as John Lennon's first guitar was made in Alkmaar. Alkmaar also has two large theatres and a big cinema which was originally two cinemas. The Waag in Amsterdam The Waag in Alkmaar The Waag in Haarlem // A Waag (Weighing House) is a building near a market-square, where goods that are to be sold on a public market (and between 1550 and about 1690 people accused of witchcraft as well) are weighed by local... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ...


A red light district is situated at the Achterdam, and Alkmaar has a nightlife scene as well which takes place in the pubs that are in front of the cheesmarket. A red-light district is a neighborhood where prostitution is a common part of everyday life. ... The Achterdam is a red light district in the Dutch city of Alkmaar, 30 km North of Amsterdam. ...


A village in the Commewijne district of Surinam is also called Alkmaar. It is situated in the area where Plantage Alkmaar, a former sugar plantation, used to be. Commewijne is a district of Suriname, located on the right bank of the Suriname River. ...

Contents

History

The earliest mention of the name Alkmaar is in a 10th century document. As the village grew into a town, it was granted city rights in 1254. The oldest part of Alkmaar lies on an ancient sand bank that afforded some protection from the sea during medieval times. Even so, it is only a couple of metres above the surrounding region, which consists of some of the oldest polders in existence. City rights are a medieval phenomenon in the history of the Low Countries. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... A polder is a low-lying tract of land that forms an artificial hydrological entity, enclosed by embankments known as dikes and requiring drainage by pumps to prevent the water table within it from rising too high. ...


In 1573 the city successfully withstood a siege by Spanish forces under the leadership of Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba. Alkmaar was the first city in the Netherlands to be freed from the Spanish occupation. It was a turning point in the Eighty Years War and gave rise to the expression Bij Alkmaar begint de victorie ("Victory begins in Alkmaar"). The event is still celebrated every year in Alkmaar on October 8, the day the siege ended. Year 1573 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alba. ... The Eighty Years War, or Dutch Revolt from 1568 to 1648 was the secession war in which the proto-Netherlands first became an independent country. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1799, during the French revolutionary wars, an Anglo-Russian expeditionary force captured the city but was ultimately defeated in the Battle of Castricum. The French victory was commemorated on the Arc de Triomphe in Paris as "Alcmaer". 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants Great Britain Austria Prussia Spain[1] Russia Sardinia Ottoman Empire Portugal Dutch Republic[2] France The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of major conflicts, from 1792 until 1802, fought between the French Revolutionary government and several European states. ... Guillaume Brune, commander of the Franco-Dutch troops The Battle of Castricum took place on October 6, 1799, during the War of the Second Coalition against revolutionary France. ... This article is about the monument in Paris. ... This article is about the capital of France. ...


Population centres

The municipality of Alkmaar consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: Alkmaar, Koedijk (partly), Oudorp and Omval. Koedijk is a village in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Windmill Ambachtsmolen in Oudorp Oudorp is a village in the Dutch province of North Holland. ...


Local government

The municipal council of Alkmaar consists of 37 seats, which are divided as follows:

  • PvdA - 11 seats
  • OPA - 5 seats
  • SP - 5 seats
  • CDA - 4 seats
  • VVD - 3 seats
  • GroenLinks - 3 seats
  • Leefbaar Alkmaar - 2 seats
  • ChristenUnie - 1 seat
  • D66 - 1 seat
  • OMA - 1 seat
  • Liberale Kracht - 1 seat

The Labour Party (in Dutch: Partij van de Arbeid, PvdA) is a Dutch social-democratic political party. ... The Socialist Party (SP, Dutch: Socialistische Partij) is a Dutch socialist political party. ... The Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) (Dutch: Christen Democratisch Appèl) is a Dutch Christian-democratic political party. ... The Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) (Dutch: Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie) is a Dutch liberal political party. ... This article is about the Dutch political party. ... The ChristenUnie (Christians Union) is a relatively young political party in the Netherlands. ... Democrats 66 (in Dutch: Democraten 66, D66, official name: Politieke Partij Democraten 66) is a Dutch progressive-liberal and radical-democratic political party. ...

Transport

Highway A9 runs from Amsterdam to Alkmaar, then continues on to Den Helder as the N9. For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... Den Helder is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ...


Trains run from Station Alkmaar to Nijmegen, Maastricht, Schagen, The Hague, Rotterdam, Hoorn, Maastricht and Den Helder. The city also has a second station, Station Alkmaar Noord. Country Netherlands Province Gelderland Area (2006)  - Municipality 57. ... Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province Limburg Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... Schagen is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province South Holland Area (2006)  - Municipality 98. ... Nickname: Motto: Sterker door strijd (Stronger through Struggle) Location of Rotterdam Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province South Holland Government  - Mayor Ivo Opstelten  - Aldermen Jeannette Baljeu Hamit Karakus Orhan Kaya Lucas Bolsius Jantine Kriens Dominic Schrijer Roelf de Boer Leonard Geluk Area [1]  - City 319 km²  (123. ... For other uses, see Hoorn (disambiguation). ... Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province Limburg Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... Den Helder is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ...


The Noordhollandsch Kanaal canal, which opened in 1824, runs right through Alkmaar. The canal runs the length of the province of North-Holland. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


Sports

Alkmaar is home to the professional football team AZ (Alkmaar Zaanstreek). In 2006, the club moved to a new 17,000 capacity stadium, the DSB Stadion. A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... AZ Alkmaar is a football club from Alkmaar, the Netherlands. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... DSB Stadion is a multi-use stadium in Alkmaar, Netherlands. ...


The city also has a velodrome where the Dutch national track cycling championships are held every year. Bicycle racing on a velodrome A velodrome is a sporting arena purpose-built for track cycling, i. ... Track cycling is a bicycle racing sport usually held on specially-built banked tracks or velodromes (but many events are held at older velodromes where the track banking is relatively shallow) using track bicycles. ...


Born in Alkmaar

Willem Jansz Blaeu Willem Janszoon Blaeu (1571 – 1638), also rendered Willem Jansz Blaeu, was a Dutch cartographer and atlas maker, born in Alkmaar. ... Events January 11 - Austrian nobility is granted Freedom of religion. ... Uitgeest (population: 11,783 in 2004) is a town in the north-western Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Cornelius Jacobszoon Drebbel (Alkmaar, 1572 - London, November 7, 1633) was a Dutch inventor. ... January 16 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ... Categories: People stubs | 1616 births | 1679 deaths | Dutch painters ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed I (1603-1617) to Mustafa I (1617-1623). ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, or Friends, is a religious community founded in England in the 17th century. ... Willem de Fesch (1687, Alkmaar – January 3, 1761) was a virtuoso Dutch violinist and composer. ... Events March 19 - The men under explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle murder him while searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River. ... Alfred H. Peet (March 10, 1920 – August 29, 2007) was an American entrepreneur and the founder of Peets Coffee & Tea. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Peets Coffee & Tea is a specialty coffee roaster and retailer. ... Rudi Carrell (December 19, 1934 in Alkmaar, Netherlands — July 7, 2006 in Bremen, Germany), born Rudolf Wijbrand Kesselaar, was a Dutch entertainer. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Harm Ottenbros (Alkmaar, 27 June 1943) is a former Dutch road bicycle racer who raced professional from 1967 to 1976. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mgr. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Major General Patrick Cammaert is a Dutch military commander who is currently serving as the United Nations Force Commander for the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Marco Borsato (born on December 21, 1966 in Alkmaar, the Netherlands), is one of the most famous Dutch singers. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Jakko Jan Leeuwangh (born in Alkmaar - 9 september 1972) is a Dutch speed skater. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ...

References

  • Statistics are taken from the SDU Staatscourant

Notes

  1. ^ (1963) Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
AZ Alkmaar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (423 words)
AZ Alkmaar is a football club from Alkmaar, the Netherlands.
It was founded on May 10, 1967 as AZ '67, the result of a merger of Alkmaar '54 and FC Zaanstreek.
One of the starting eleven of the team were locally born in Alkmaar.
Alkmaar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (396 words)
Alkmaar is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of Noord Holland.
Besides the city of Alkmaar, the municipality also comprises the villages of Koedijk and Oudorp; these once separate villages are now all linked together by the suburban sprawl of buildings that arose between the late 70's and early 90's.
The municipality of Alkmaar consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: Alkmaar, Koedijk (partly), Oudorp and Omval.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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