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Encyclopedia > Alipore bomb case

The Alipore bomb case (or Alipore bomb conspiracy or Alipore bomb trial) was an important court trial in the history of the Indian Independence Movement. In legal parlance, a trial is an event in which parties to a dispute present information (in the form of evidence) in a formal setting, usually a court, before a judge, jury, or other designated finder of fact, in order to achieve a resolution to their dispute. ... The Indian Independence Movement was a series of revolutions empowered by the people of India put forth to battle the British Empire for complete political independence, beginning with the Rebellion of 1857, reaching its climax with Mahatma Gandhis Quit India Movement (1942-1945), and Subhash Chandra Boses Indian...


The bombing

When Bengal was partitioned, sparked an outburst of public anger against the British. The anger led to civil unrest and a nationalist campaign was carried out by groups of revolutionaries, led by Aurobindo Ghosh, Rasbihari Bose and Bagha Jatin and organized into groups like Jugantar. The British cracked down hard on the activists and the conflict came to a head on April 30, 1908 when Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki attempted to kill Magistrate Kingsford, a judge known for handing down particularly harsh sentences against nationalists. However, the bomb thrown at his horse carriage missed its target and instead landed in a carriage carrying two British women, killing them. Bengal, known as Bôngo (Bengali: বঙ্গ), Bangla (বাংলা), Bôngodesh (বঙ্গদেশ), or Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ) in Bangla, is a region in the northeast of South Asia. ... Partition of Bengal, 1905 was made on 16 October 1905 by then Indian vice roy Lord Curzon. ... ... Rashbehari Bose (1885-1945) was a revolutionary leader against the British Raj in India and was one of the organisers of the Indian National Army. ... Jatindranath Mukherjee, popularly known as Bagha Jatin Bagha Jatin, born Jatindranath Mukherjee (8 December 1879–10 September 1915) was a Bengali Indian revolutionary activist against British rule. ... Jugantar or Yugantar (nearest English word epoch-making) was one of the secret revolutionary organisations operating in Bengal for Indian independence. ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining, as the last day in April. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... It was this hero who threw the first bomb on the British who were crushing India. ... Prafulla Chaki (1888-1908) was an Indian freedom fighter and revolutionary associated with the Jugantar group of revolutionaries. ...


The trial

The local police immediately raided a property of Aurobindo Ghosh's where revolutionaries were trained by his organisation and along with many activists, Ghosh was himself arrested on charges of planning and overseeing the attack and for some time was imprisoned in solitary confinement in Alipore Jail. After an intense manhunt, Khudiram Bose was arrested though Prafulla Chaki shot himself rather than fall into the hands of the police. The trial soon began - 49 people stood accused, 206 witnesses were called, around 400 documents were filed with the court and more than 5000 exhibits were produced including bombs, revolvers, and acids. The trial continued for a year and Bose was found guilty and hanged. Ghosh, however, was defended by the young lawyer Chittaranjan Das who concluded his defence; Chittaranjan Das(C.R.Das) (Bangla: চিত্তরঞ্জন দাস), popularly called Deshbandhu) (November 25, 1870 - June 16, 1925) was a Bengali lawyer and a major figure in the Indian independence movement. ...

My appeal to you is this, that long after the controversy will be hushed in silence, long after this turmoil, the agitation will have ceased, long after he is dead and gone, he will be looked upon as the poet of patriotism, as the prophet of nationalism and the lover of humanity. Long after he is dead and gone, his words will be echoed and re-echoed, not only in India but across distant seas and lands. Therefore, I say that the man in his position is not only standing before the bar of this Court, but before the bar of the High Court of History.[1]

Ghosh was acquitted of the charges and came out of the affair with a new outlook on life and spirtualism (see final conversion). ...


Notes

  1.   - Life of Sri Aurobindo

External links

  • Life of Sri Aurobindo
  • British colonial period - Colonial Rule (1858 – August 1918)
  • Alipore trial


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