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Encyclopedia > Alinda (Caria)

Alinda was an ancient inland city of Caria in Anatolia (situated near the modern-day village of Karpuzlu, Aydin Province, in the Asian part of Turkey). Alinda was an important city in the second millennium BC, and appears in Hittite sources as Ialanti (J. Garstang, p.179). It is situated on a hilltop which overlooks the surrounding agricultural flatlands. It was this fortress which was held by exiled Carian Queen Ada's whose surrender to, and adoption of, Alexander the Great in 334 BC occurred at Alinda. (Arrian 1.23.8). [1] Shortly afterward, the city was renamed Alexandria by the Latmos and as thus was recorded by Stephanus of Byzantium. The prior name was restored by at least 81 BC. [2] It appears as "Alinda" in Ptolemy's Geographia (Book V, ch. 2) of the second century AD. Location of Caria Caria (Greek Καρία; see also List of traditional Greek place names) was a region of Asia Minor, situated south of Ionia, and west of Phrygia and Lycia. ... Asia Minor lies east of the Bosporus, between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. ... shows the Location of the Province Aydın Aydin (Turkish spelling: Aydın) is a province of Turkey, and its located in the southwestern Anatolian district, or more specifically in the Aegan region, in Turkish called Ege bölgesi. ... Asia is the largest and most populous region or continent depending on the definition. ... (3rd millennium BC – 2nd millennium BC – 1st millennium BC – other millennia) Events Second dynasty of Babylon First Bantu migrations from west Africa The Cushites drive the original inhabitants from Ethiopia, and establish trade relations with Egypt. ... Hittite can refer to either: The ancient Anatolian people called the Hittites; or The Hittite language, an ancient Indo-European language they spoke. ... Ada of Caria (4th century BC) came to power as the ruler of the large and profitable provincial capital city of Halicarnassus in Caria, a satrapy of the Persian Empire at a time when Darius was actively seeking to conquer it. ... Alexander the Great (in Greek , transliterated Megas Alexandros) (Alexander III of Macedon) was born in Pella, Macedon, in July, 356 BC, died in Babylon, on June 10, 323 BC, King of Macedon 336–323 BC, is considered one of the most successful military commanders in world history (if not the... Events Alexander the Great crosses the Bosporus, invading Persia. ... Stephanus Byzantinus (Stephanus of Byzantium), the author of a geographical dictionary entitled Εθνικα (Ethnica), of which, apart from some fragments, we possess only the meagre epitome of one Hermolaus. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC - 80s BC - 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC Years: 86 BC 85 BC 84 BC 83 BC 82 BC - 81 BC - 80 BC 79 BC 78... Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: ; ca. ... The Geographia is Ptolemys main work besides the Almagest. ... ( 1st century - 2nd century - 3rd century - other centuries) Events Roman Empire governed by the Five Good Emperors ( 96– 180) – Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius. ...


Alinda remained an important commercial city; minting its own coins from the third century BC to the third century AD. [3] [4] Stephanus records that the city had a temple of Apollo containing a statue of Aphrodite by Praxiteles. [5] (4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - other centuries) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) Events The first two Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome over dominance in western Mediterranean Rome conquers Spain Great Wall of China begun Indian traders regularly visited Arabia Scythians occupy... Statue of Apollo at the British Museum. ... Aphrodite, Greek goddess of love and beauty,and the patroness of physical love. ... Praxiteles of Athens, the son of Cephisodotus, was the greatest of the Attic sculptors of the 4th century BC, who has left an imperishable mark on the history of art. ...


Alinda has been extensively excavated. Alinda has a necropolis of Carian tombs. [6] Alinda also had a major water system including a Roman aqueduct, a nearly-intact 5,000-seat Roman amphitheater, and remains of numerous temples and sarcophagi. [7] [8] A necropolis (plural: necropolises or necropoleis) is a cemetery or burying-place, literally a city of the dead. Apart from the occasional application of the word to modern cemeteries outside large towns, the term is chiefly used of burial grounds near the sites of the centers of ancient civilizations. ... For other senses of this name, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Pont du Gard, France, a Roman era aqueduct circa 19 BC, it is one of Frances top tourist attractions at over 1. ... The name amphitheatre (alternatively amphitheater) is given to a public building of the Classical period (being particularly associated with ancient Rome) which was used for spectator sports, games and displays. ... Stone sarcophagus of Pharaoh Merenptah Detail of a stone sarcophagus in the Istanbul Archeological Museum showing a hunting scene Anthropoid sarcophagus discovered at Cádiz A sarcophagus is a stone container for a coffin or body. ...


Alinda appears on Byzantine lists of bishoprics, and it remains a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church; the seat is vacant after the death of the last bishop in 1976. [9] [10] Byzantine Empire (Greek: ) is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... When first appointed auxiliary bishop of the Diocese of Honolulu in Hawaii, Joseph Anthony Ferrario became a titular bishop of the titular see of the ancient Egyptian city of Cusae. ... Saint Peters Basilica in Rome. ... A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who, in certain Christian churches, holds a position of authority. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1976 calendar). ...


External links

  • The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites

References

J. Garstang, The Hittite Empire (University Press, Edinburgh, 1930), p. 179.


 
 

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