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Encyclopedia > Aligarh University
Victoria gate, a prominent building at the university
Victoria gate, a prominent building at the university

Aligarh Muslim University is located in Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, Northern India. It was the first institution of higher learning set up in British India for Muslims. Many prominent Muslim leaders, and Urdu writers and scholars of the subcontinent have attended the University. Arguably, no other educational institution in the 20th century has contributed more to the shaping of the history of the Indian sub-continent than Aligarh. Aligarh Universitys Victoria gate File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Victoria gate, a part of Aligarh University campus Aligarh (Hindi: अलीगढ़) is a city in the Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: उत्तर प्रदेश, Urdu: اتر پردیش), also popularly known by its abbreviation UP, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Union of India. ... British India (otherwise known as The British Raj) was a historical period during which most of the Indian subcontinent, or present-day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar, were under the colonial authority of the British Empire (Undivided India). ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) (sometimes also spelled Moslem) is an adherent of Islam. ... Urdu () is an Indo-European language of the Indo-Aryan family which developed under Persian, Turkish, and Arabic influence in South Asia during the time of the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire (1200-1800). ...

The University grew out of the work of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan who in the aftermath of the Indian Mutiny felt that it was important for Muslims to gain a modern education and become involved in the public life and Government Services in India at that time. The British decisions to replace the use of the knowledge of Persian in the 1830s for Government employment and as the language of Courts of Law caused deep anxiety among Muslims of the sub-continent. Sir Syed then clearly foresaw the imperative need for the Muslims to acquire proficiency in the English language and "Western Sciences" if the community were to maintain its social and political clout, particularly in Northern India. He began to prepare the road map for the formation of a Muslim University by starting various schools. In 1864, the Scientific Society of Aligarh was set up to disseminate Western works into native languages as a prelude to prepare the community to accept "Western Education". An engraving titled Sepoy Indian troops dividing the spoils after their mutiny against British rule gives a contemporary view of events from the British perspective. ... Persian (known variously as: فارسی Fârsi, local name in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, پارسی Pârsi, older, local name still used by some speakers, Tajik, a Central Asian dialect, or Dari, another local name in Tajikistan and Afghanistan) is a language spoken in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia... // Events and Trends Electromagnetic induction discovered by Michael Faraday Dutch-speaking farmers known as Voortrekkers emigrate northwards from the Cape Colony Croquet invented in Ireland Railroad construction begins in earnest in the United States Egba refugees fleeing the Yoruba civil wars found the city of Abeokuta in south-west Nigeria... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...

In 1875, Sir Syed founded the Muhammadan Anglo Oriental College in Aligarh and patterned the college after Oxford and Cambridge universities that he had visited on a trip to England. His objective was to build a college in tune with the British education system but without compromising its Islamic values. 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... The University of Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world, with one of the most selective sets of entry requirements in the United Kingdom. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the British Isles Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked 1st UK...

It was the first purely residential educational institution set up either by the Government or the public in India. Over the years it gave rise to a new educated class of Muslims who were active in the political system of the British Raj, and who would serve as a catalyst for change among not only the Muslim population of India, but of the entire subcontinent.

The college was originally affiliated with Calcutta University, and was transferred to the Allahabad University in 1885. Near the turn of the century it began publishing its own magazine, and established a law school. It was also around this time that a movement began to have it develop into a university to stand on its own. To achieve this goal, many expansions were made with more and more programs added to the curriculum. A school for girls was established in 1907. In 1920, the College was transformed into a fully-fledged University, and it was named Aligarh Muslim University. Its growth continued. The first chancellor of the university was female, Sheba Hayat Jhantar Begum. In 1927, a school for the blind was established, and the following year, a Medical School was attached to the university. By the end of the 1930s, the Aligarh had also developed its Engineering faculty. Allahabad University Logo Allahabad University is an institution of higher learning located in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...

The Jama Masjid, located on campus
The Jama Masjid, located on campus

After the Independence of India in 1947, the charter of Aligarh was modified in 1951 to bring it in line with the secular constitution of India by enabling non-Muslims as well to be qualified as part of its governing structure. The University received many high-profile visitors such as Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, the then Shah of Iran, and Saud bin Abdul Aziz, the then King of Saudi Arabia.Other than receiving international recognition, these high profile visits also earned the university contributions from across the globe, including the United States; a cultural complex with an auditorium was named after President John F. Kennedy in honor of his country's gift. Aligarh Universitys main mosque File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Jawaharlal Nehru (जवाहरलाल नेहरू, Javāharlāl Nehrū) (November 14, 1889 – May 27, 1964), also called Pandit (Scholar, Teacher) Nehru, was an important leader of the Indian Independence Movement and the Indian National Congress, and became the first Prime Minister of India when India won its independence on August 15, 1947. ... John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to as John F. Kennedy, JFK, or Jack Kennedy, was the 35th President of the United States. ...

Currently the University has almost thirty thousand students, and over two thousand faculty members with over eighty departments of study. It continues to function as an important education institution in India, and draws many foreign students.

In 2005 the university has reserved 50% of its seats for Muslim (minorities) students. This order of the university is challenged by some students and is creating a lot of political heat. Recently a High Court ruling has stated that AMU is not muslim minority institution. This ruling resulted mass protest by students and muslim bodies. The Human Resource Minister of India, Mr. Arjun Singh, promised to bring in a bill in parliament to restore the University's minority status.

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Aligarh at AllExperts (277 words)
Aligarh is a city in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
It is the administrative headquarters of Aligarh District, and has a population of half a million.
Aligarh is synonymous with the University that is spread across much of the city civil lines area.
The Muslim Experience At Aligarh Muslim University By Nazia Y.Izuddin (1091 words)
Whenever I talk about Aligarh Muslim University to its alumni, many have been offended by what they think is criticism by a westernized wannabe-feminist Muslim girl who has forgotten her roots and culture.
There is no life beyond tutors and classes in the university campus for women while on the other hand men play football and basketball in the playgrounds, learn sitar and tabla in the music club and spend their night hours in the university's 24 hour Maulana Azad Library.
And if the university does not shed its feudal and dictatorial qualities, it is going to go down on quality, both in terms of education and students.
  More results at FactBites »



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