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Encyclopedia > Alice Comedies

The "Alice Comedies" are a series of animated cartoons created by Walt Disney, in which a real little girl named Alice and an animated cat named Julius have adventures in an animated landscape. An animated cartoon is a moving picture generated by photographing drawings frame-by-frame, as opposed to a normal movie, which is produced by shooting 24 frames a second of actual moving persons or objects. ... Walter Elias Disney (December 5, 1901 – December 15, 1966), was an American film producer, director, screenwriter, voice actor, and animator. ...

Contents


History

Alice's Wonderland

Disney, Ub Iwerks, and their staff made the first Alice Comedy, a one-reel (ten-minute) short subject titled Alice's Wonderland, while still heading the failing Laugh-O-Grams studio in Kansas City, Missouri. After completing the film, the studio went bankrupt and was forced to shut down, meaning the film was never released to the public. After raising money by working as a freelance photographer, Disney bought a one-way train ticket to Los Angeles, California to live with his uncle Robert and his brother Roy. A publicity photograph (circa 1929) of Ub Iwerks and his most famous co-creation, Mickey Mouse. ... Short subject is an American film industry term that historically has referred to any film in the format of two reels, or approximately 20 minutes running time, or less. ... Nickname: City of Fountains or Heart of the Nation Motto: Official website: http://www. ... Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organization to pay their creditors. ... This is a list of notable photographers in the art, documentary and fashion traditions. ... In rail transport, a train consists of a single or several connected rail vehicles that are capable of being moved together along a guideway to transport freight or passengers from one place to another along a planned route. ... Nickname: City of Angels Motto: Official website: http://www. ... Roy Oliver Disney Roy Oliver Disney (June 24, 1893 – December 20, 1971) was, with his younger brother Walt Disney, co-founder of what is now The Walt Disney Company. ...


In California, Disney continued to send out proposals for the Alice series, in hopes of a distribution deal, which was finally arranged through Winkler Pictures, run by Margaret Winkler and her fianceƩ, Charles Mintz. Margaret J. Winkler (or M. J. Winkler) was one of the key figures in silent animation history, having a crucial role to play in the histories of Max and Dave Fleischer, Pat Sullivan, Otto Messmer and Walt Disney. ... Margaret J. Winkler (or M. J. Winkler, the name she used to survive in the sexist world of American movie-making) was one of the key figures in silent animation history, having a crucial role to play in the histories of Max and Dave Fleischer, Pat Sullivan Otto Messmer and... Charles B. Mintz was an American film producer and distributor, who took control over Margaret J. Winklers Winkler Pictures after marrying her in 1924. ...


As for what Alice's Wonderland is about, it starts off with Alice entering a cartoon studio so she can watch cartoons being created. The cartoons come to life and play around, and Alice is amazed by what she sees. After heading to bed that night, Alice dreams that she is in the cartoon world, being welcomed by all the creations. Alice plays around with the cartoons until danger approaches: a group of lions break free from a cage and chase her.


This short helped set the stage for what was to come in the later Alice Comedies, as it established the world as a playful dream, and also introduced the elements which would soon define the series.


Trivia about the series

Julius bears a striking resemblance to Felix the Cat. This wasn't accidental: Charles Mintz, who distributed both the Felix series for Pat Sullivan and the Alice series for Walt Disney, had insisted on this in an attempt to emulate Felix's success. The famous Felix pace as seen in Oceantics (1930) Felix the Cat is a cartoon character from the silent-film era. ... Charles B. Mintz was an American film producer and distributor, who took control over Margaret J. Winklers Winkler Pictures after marrying her in 1924. ... There have been several well-known people named Pat Sullivan, including: Pat Sullivan (film producer) Pat Sullivan (football player) Pat Sullivan (software developer, author) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Black Pete made his first appearance in "Alice Solves the Puzzle", released on February 15, 1925, and was a recurring antagonist in the series. Legend once had it that Clarabelle Cow made her first appearance in 1926's "Alice on the Farm", but this has since been disproven (the cow in the cartoon is white and looks nothing like Clarabelle). Pete as his ancestor Pecos Pete, in Goof Troop Black Pete (also known as Peg-Leg Pete and, simply, Pete) is a fictional character from the Walt Disney Company stables. ... February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Clarabelle Cow Clarabelle Cow is a cartoon character from the Mickey Mouse universe. ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The Alice Comedies lasted four years in theatres, from 1924 to 1927. The series ended with "Alice in the Big League", released on August 22, 1927. 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... August 22 is the 234th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (235th in leap years), with 131 days remaining. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Alice was played by four young actresses at various times during the series' run: Virginia Davis, Margie Gay, Dawn Evelyn Paris (later known with the stage names of Dawn O'Day and Anne Shirley), and Lois Hardwick. Anne Shirley (April 17, 1918 - July 4, 1993) was the name of an American actress, born Dawn Evelyn Paris, who began acting under the name of Dawn ODay. ... Dawn Evelyn Paris (April 17, 1918 - July 4, 1993) was an American actress (later known by her stage name Anne Shirley). ...


Content

Although seen as cute and funny in their time, the Alice Comedies contain content which might be considered surprising and somewhat harsh today.


Although Alice is a little girl, she spends much of her time avoiding danger, and even getting kidnapped by the cartoon villains, threatened with such perils as being tied to a log in a sawmill. Although all of Alice's threats are cartoon drawings, some might find the imagery a bit disturbing due to the character's young age, and the fact that she is a real person, or they might find it simply light-hearted and fun, due to the portrayal.


Furthermore, some illegal activities such as bootlegging are portrayed, with Alice herself in ownership of "home brew". Bootlegging is a slang term to describe smuggling. ...


See also

During the beginnings of the silent film era, the central location of the motion picture industry had not yet relocated to Hollywood. ...

External links

  • http://disneyshorts.toonzone.net/characters/alice.html

  Results from FactBites:
 
Disney Films -- Alice in Wonderland (Disney Lies) (1694 words)
Alice complains that the book doesn't interest her because it doesn't have enough pictures, and that those it does have are either maps or of great, muscly, bare-chested men-at-arms.
Because Alice does not fall asleep to enter Wonderland but instead falls very, very slowly down a rabbit hole, the audience understands that the "trip" she is about to take is not a dream in the normal sense.
From this point, the movie is a series of encounters between Alice and bizarre characters, each of which stands in for either a fragment of her newly adjusted mind or of her perception of the world around her.
Alice - AOL Video (998 words)
Alice (LINDA LAVIN) and the gang at Mel's Diner meet an old Indian who claims the diner has been built on his ancestral burial grounds and who has returned there to die.
Alice (LINDA LAVIN) and the gang at the diner discover that one of their regular customers may be a notorious gangster and fugitive for the last 30 years -- who is now wanted by the FBI as a witness.
Alice (LINDA LAVIN) and the gang at the diner discover that one of their regular customers may be a notorious gangster and fugitive for the last 30 years -- who is now wanted by the FBI as a witness.#@Warner Bros.#@#@25min:30sec#@09/20/2006#@moid=&model=d7a28aad-1f36-e5cf-8b0e-76a7412d3034&domain=kontikiapp.stream.aol.com:443&kget=urn:kid:aol_hqv:aol_hiq:moid:b70f320e-c891-e227-ef66-e0abe7ba6715&s=#@http://video.aol.com/video-category/alice/1559#@true#@0#@/hiqvideo/upgrade?downloadtype=0&moid=&model=d7a28aad-1f36-e5cf-8b0e-76a7412d3034&domain=kontikiapp.stream.aol.com:443&kget=urn:kid:aol_hqv:aol_hiq:moid:b70f320e-c891-e227-ef66-e0abe7ba6715&s=&originurl=http://video.aol.com/video-category/alice/1559#@/hiqvideo/upgrade?downloadtype=0&moid=&model=d7a28aad-1f36-e5cf-8b0e-76a7412d3034&domain=kontikiapp.stream.aol.com:443&kget=urn:kid:aol_hqv:aol_hiq:moid:b70f320e-c891-e227-ef66-e0abe7ba6715&s=&originurl=http://video.aol.com/video-category/alice/1559#@http://video.aol.com/video/alice-sea-2-ep-6/1722281#@1722281#@Free#@http://us.video.aol.com/video.index.adp?pls=video.category.1559.1722281&startid=1722281&mode=1">
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